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bowel stomas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451185/early-versus-conventional-stoma-closure-following-bowel-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Thirugnanasambandam Nelson, Amuda R Pranavi, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Gubbi S Sreenath, Vikram Kate
Background/Aim: To compare early stoma closure with conventional stoma closure following defunctioning diversion stoma surgery with respect to the frequency of complications, health-related quality of life (QoL), and length of hospitalization (LoH). Patients and Methods: This study was designed as a prospective parallel-arm randomized controlled trial. Patients who underwent temporary stoma following bowel surgery between February 2014 and November 2015 were included...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420426/a-population-based-study-of-complications-after-colorectal-surgery-in-patients-who-have-received-bevacizumab
#2
Nancy N Baxter, Hadas D Fischer, Devon P Richardson, David R Urbach, Chaim M Bell, Paula Rochon, Anthony Brade, Craig C Earle
BACKGROUND: Patients receiving Bevacizumab, a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor used to treat metastatic colorectal cancer, may be at greater risk of complications after colorectal surgery because of impaired healing. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe population-based rates of complications of colorectal surgery after Bevacizumab treatment and evaluate the relationship between time since last treatment and risk of complications. DESIGN: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative and cancer registry data...
March 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394717/-experiences-of-colonic-stents-in-patients-with-colonic-stenosis-due-to-peritoneal-dissemination-of-gastric-cancer
#3
Ryohei Kawabata, Masato Yoshikawa, Chizu Kameda, Akihiro Takata, Akinobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Chikato Koga, Masahiro Murakami, Masaki Hirota, Shingo Noura, Junzo Shimizu, Junichi Hasegawa
Stoma is a treatment option often adopted for large bowel obstruction accompanying peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer, but the invasiveness of this intervention can be an issue for patients with limited prognosis and reduced quality of life. In our hospital, colonic stenting for bowel obstruction due to peritoneal dissemination from gastric cancer was performed for 7 consecutive patients. Oral ingestion became possible in 5 cases, and colonic stent was considered a useful treatment choice for appropriate cases...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384913/combing-a-novel-device-and-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-for-managing-the-wound-around-a-colostomy-in-the-open-abdomen-a-case-report
#4
Xiaofang Sun, Shaohan Wu, Ting Xie, Jianping Zhang
RATIONALE: An open abdomen complicated with small-bowel fistulae becomes a complex wound for local infection, systemic sepsis and persistent soiling irritation by intestinal content. While controlling the fistulae drainage, protecting surrounding skin, healing the wound maybe a challenge. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this paper we described a 68-year-old female was admitted to emergency surgery in general surgery department with severe abdomen pain. Resection part of the injured small bowel, drainage of the intra-abdominal abscess, and fashioning of a colostomy were performed...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379406/management-of-destructive-colon-injuries-after-damage-control-surgery
#5
REVIEW
Jad Chamieh, Priya Prakash, William J Symons
After the World War II, fecal diversion became the standard of care for colon injuries, although medical, logistic, and technical advancements have challenged this approach. Damage control surgery serves to temporize immediately life-threatening conditions, and definitive management of destructive colon injuries is delayed until after appropriate resuscitation. The bowel can be left in discontinuity for up to 3 days before edema ensues, but the optimal repair window remains within 12 to 48 hours. Delayed anastomosis performed at the take-back operation or stoma formation has been reported with variable results...
January 2018: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370898/postoperative-complications-of-pediatric-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-treated-with-vedolizumab
#6
Lori A Zimmerman, Jill M Zalieckas, Robert C Shamberger, Athos Bousvaros
BACKGROUND: Vedolizumab is a biologic, which inhibits leukocyte adhesion in the gut and is used to treat ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Little is known of the surgical outcomes in patients treated with vedolizumab. We reviewed the postoperative complications in a cohort of pediatric UC and CD patients treated with vedolizumab. METHODS: We identified pediatric UC and CD patients treated with vedolizumab at our institution from 2014 to 2016. We compared postoperative outcomes in the vedolizumab exposed group to a cohort of vedolizumab naïve patients who required diverting ileostomy...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369736/effect-of-laparoscopic-surgery-on-quality-of-life-in-ulcerative-colitis
#7
János Tajti, Melinda Látos, Klaudia Farkas, Szabolcs Ábrahám, Zsolt Simonka, Attila Paszt, Tamás Molnár, György Lázár
AIM: To evaluate quality of life after surgery for ulcerative colitis (UC) the gastroenterological and psychological conditions were examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1, 2005 and March 1, 2016, surgery was performed for UC in a total of 75 patients. Our examinations were performed in 58 cases. Quality of life was examined with questionnaires. Functional Scoring System, Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI), and Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ) were used for testing gastroenterological conditions; Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, and Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (BIPQ) were performed to consider psychological status...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366486/effects-of-radiation-and-surgery-on-function-and-quality-of-life-qol-in-rectal-cancer-patients
#8
Linda Wang, Xiaodong Wang, Ada Lo, Manoj Raval, Carl Brown, Ahmer Karimuddin, P Terry Phang
Pre-operative radiotherapy (PRT) and total mesorectal excision surgery (TME) for rectal cancer yield the lowest risk for local recurrence. However, both treatments negatively impact quality of life (QOL). To understand individual treatment effects, we ask whether PRT affects function and quality of life before TME. Function and QOL were prospectively assessed in 26 patients using EORTC QLQ-C30/-CR38, and Wexner scale at three time points: before PRT, 6 weeks after PRT and before TME, and one year after stoma closure...
January 20, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361098/patient-decision-making-about-emergency-and-planned-stoma-surgery-for-ibd-a-qualitative-exploration-of-patient-and-clinician-perspectives
#9
Lesley Dibley, Wladyslawa Czuber-Dochan, Tiffany Wade, Julie Duncan, Jennie Burch, Janindra Warusavitarne, Christine Norton, Micol Artom, Liam O'Sullivan, Azmina Verjee, Denise Cann
Background: Many inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients worry about stoma-forming surgery (SFS), sometimes enduring poor bowel-related quality of life to avoid it. Anticipation of SFS and whether expectations match experience is underreported. This qualitative study explored influences on patients' SFS decision-making and compared preoperative concerns with postoperative outcomes. Methods: We purposively recruited participants with IBD from UK hospital outpatient and community sources, and IBD clinicians from public hospitals...
January 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340993/laparoscopic-assisted-modified-intersphincter-resection-for-ultralow-rectal-cancer
#10
Haiyang Zhou, Canping Ruan, Zhiguo Wang, Zhiqian Hu
BACKGROUND: Intersphincter resection (ISR) is considered to be a superior technique offering sphincter preservation in patients with ultralow rectal cancer.1 Because high-definition laparoscopy offers wider and clearer vision into the narrow pelvic cavity and intersphincteric space, ISR has been further refined.2 However, functional outcome after ISR has not been optimal. More than half of patients receiving ISR suffer partial or even complete anal incontinence.3 We therefore propose a laparoscopic-assisted modified ISR, with the aim of improving sphincter function following ISR...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324431/a-descriptive-qualitative-study-to-assess-patient-experiences-following-stoma-reversal-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#11
Maria Reinwalds, Andrea Blixter, Eva Carlsson
Standard surgical treatment for patients operated for rectal cancer is abdominoperineal excision of the tumor result- ing in a permanent colostomy or an anterior resection, often with construction of a temporary loop ileostomy. Both options impact bowel function. Living with a permanent colostomy has been studied in depth, but knowledge is limited about patients' experiences living with a resected rectum after stoma reversal and how it affects daily life. A qualitative study was conducted to describe the rst 4 to 6 weeks after reversal of a temporary loop ileostomy due to rectal cancer...
December 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302727/implications-of-stoma-formation-as-part-of-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#12
H Jacoby, Y Berger, L Barda, N Sharif, Y Zager, A Lebedyev, M Gutman, A Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Formation of protective stoma as part of cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC) may be an effective tool in reducing anastomotic leak incidence. Our aim was to evaluate the incidence and implications of stoma formation during CRS-HIPEC and to examine whether a creation of protective stoma reduces the postoperative morbidity. METHODS: A cohort retrospective analysis of all CRS-HIPEC procedures performed between 2004 and 2016 was conducted...
January 4, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289343/rates-and-trends-for-inpatient-surgeries-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-in-the-united-states-from-2003-to-2012
#13
Audrey L Stokes, Afif N Kulaylat, Dorothy V Rocourt, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Walter Koltun, Tolulope Falaiye
BACKGROUND: Pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) is increasing in incidence globally. Trends in specific types of inpatient pediatric CD-related surgical procedures have not been widely reported. METHODS: Patients ≤20 years of age with CD were identified in the Kids' Inpatient Database for 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012. Bowel resection, stoma creation, and perianal or percutaneous drainage procedures were identified using ICD-9 procedure codes, and trends were identified...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288776/predictive-factors-for-early-onset-and-late-onset-surgical-site-infections-in-patients-undergoing-elective-colorectal-surgery-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Aina Gomila, Jordi Carratalà, Sebastiano Biondo, Josep MaBadia, Doménico Fraccalvieri, Evelyn Shaw, Vicens Diaz-Brito, Lurdes Pagespetit, Núria Freixas, Montserrat Brugués, Laura Mora, Rafel Perez, Camilo Sanz, Nares Arroyo, Simona Iftimie, Enric Limón, Francesc Gudiol, Miquel Pujol
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSI) are the leading cause of healthcare-associated infections in acute care hospitals in Europe. However, the risk factors for the development of early- (EO) and late-onset (LO) SSI have not been elucidated. AIM: This study investigated the predictive factors for EO-SSI and LO-SSI in a large cohort of patients undergoing colorectal surgery. METHODS: We prospectively followed-up adult patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery in 10 hospitals (2011-2014)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282575/factors-influencing-discharge-disposition-after-colectomy
#15
Ahmed M Al-Mazrou, Codruta Chiuzan, Ravi P Kiran
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with discharge destination after colectomy despite accounting for surgical morbidity have not previously been well characterized. This study aims to evaluate perioperative predictors for extended care after complicated and uncomplicated colectomy. METHODS: Patients admitted from home for elective colectomy were identified from the American College of Surgeons, National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, 2012-2013 general and colectomy-targeted datasets...
December 27, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273999/distal-duodenogastrostomy-or-proximal-jejunogastrostomy-in-the-management-of-ultra-short-bowel
#16
Tjipke Olivier Hofker, Mirjam Anna Kaijser, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Johan Frederick Michel Lange, Hendrik Sijbrand Hofker
Inflammatory bowel disease, vascular disease, volvulus, adhesions, or abdominal trauma may necessitate extensive small-bowel resection resulting in an ultra-short distal duodenal or jejunal stump. If this distal duodenal or short jejunal stump is too short for stoma creation and bowel continuity restoration is hazardous or not possible at all, a distal duodenogastrostomy or proximal jejunogastrostomy in combination with drainage of the stomach is an option to prevent stump leakage. Although successful, this distal duodenogastrostomy has been described only in very few patients and in older records...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247810/surgical-revascularization-of-the-celiac-artery-for-persistent-intestinal-ischemia-in-short-bowel-syndrome
#17
Arnaud Roussel, Alexandre Nuzzo, Quentin Pellenc, Yves Castier, Romain De Blic, Pierre Cerceau, Célia Boulitrop, Mathieu Coblence, Sonia Aguir, Pierre Mordant, Léon Maggiori, Audrey Huguet, Annie Sibert, Francisca Joly, Olivier Corcos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Without prompt superior mesenteric artery (SMA) revascularization, acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) frequently leads to death or short bowel syndrome (SBS). In SBS patients, persistent or chronic intestinal ischemia (PII) of the remnant bowel can lead to recurrences of AMI. Since SMA revascularization is sometimes unfeasible, celiac artery (CA) revascularization may improve blood supply to the remnant bowel. The aim of this study was to describe and to assess our experience of the CA revascularization in case of SMA occlusion unsuitable for revascularization in the setting of PII in SBS patients...
January 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246018/preoperative-radiotherapy-for-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-risk-factor-for-non-reversal-of-ileostomy-caused-by-stenosis-or-stiffness-proximal-to-colorectal-anastomosis
#18
Hongbo Zhu, Bingjun Bai, Lina Shan, Xiaowei Wang, Min Chen, Weifang Mao, Xuefeng Huang
The influence of radiotherapy on permanent stoma and the bowel proximal to anastomosis was not well investigated. The current study aimed to analyze the effect of preoperative radiotherapy on colorectal anastomosis and incidence of non-reversal ileostomy. A total of 184 eligible patients with rectal cancer undergoing loop ileostomy were included. Patients were well selected by excluding some confounding factors and divided into two groups according to whether they received preoperative radiotherapy. Patients with preoperative radiotherapy had higher incidence of non-reversal stoma (12...
November 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234264/use-of-a-modified-continent-ileovesicostomy-in-adults-with-prior-enterocystoplasty
#19
Juzar Jamnagerwalla, Ali-Reza Sharif-Afshar, Andrew Freedman
Background/Aims: To describe our initial experience with a novel modification of the Mitrofanoff conduit technique utilizing the Yang-Monti ileovesicostomy and the serosa lined extramural tunnel of the T-pouch to create a continent catheterizable stoma in patients with a prior enterocystoplasty. Methods: A 14 cm segment of bowel was harvested, and the distal 4 cm was divided and reconfigured utilizing the Yang-Monti technique. The remaining segment was folded into a U and secured with a serosal basting stitch...
November 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203973/long-term-functional-and-oncological-outcomes-following-intersphincteric-resection-for-low-rectal-cancers
#20
Sivakumar Mahalingam, Ramakrishnan Ayloor Seshadri, Surendran Veeraiah
Surgery for low rectal cancer often involves a permanent stoma. Intersphincteric resection (ISR) with colo-anal anastomosis is a valuable sphincter sparing surgical procedure that avoids the need for permanent stoma in patients with low rectal cancer. The aim of this study was to analyze the long-term functional and oncological outcomes following ISR. This was a retrospective analysis of patients with low rectal cancer who underwent ISR with colo-anal anastomosis in our institution between 2007 and 2015. All patients had a diversion stoma...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
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