keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bowel manipulation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079617/manipulation-of-the-endocannabinoid-system-in-colitis-a-comprehensive-review
#1
Kristina L Leinwand, Mark E Gerich, Edward J Hoffenberg, Colm B Collins
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a lifelong disease of the gastrointestinal tract whose annual incidence and prevalence is on the rise. Current immunosuppressive therapies available for treatment of IBD offer limited benefits and lose effectiveness, exposing a significant need for the development of novel therapies. In the clinical setting, cannabis has been shown to provide patients with IBD symptomatic relief, although the underlying mechanisms of their anti-inflammatory effects remain unclear...
January 10, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077565/mahmi-database-a-comprehensive-metahit-based-resource-for-the-study-of-the-mechanism-of-action-of-the-human-microbiota
#2
Aitor Blanco-Míguez, Alberto Gutiérrez-Jácome, Florentino Fdez-Riverola, Anália Lourenço, Borja Sánchez
The Mechanism of Action of the Human Microbiome (MAHMI) database is a unique resource that provides comprehensive information about the sequence of potential immunomodulatory and antiproliferative peptides encrypted in the proteins produced by the human gut microbiota. Currently, MAHMI database contains over 300 hundred million peptide entries, with detailed information about peptide sequence, sources and potential bioactivity. The reference peptide data section is curated manually by domain experts. The in silico peptide data section is populated automatically through the systematic processing of publicly available exoproteomes of the human microbiome...
2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048869/su-f-j-145-mri-guided-interventional-boost-radiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer-investigating-the-feasibility-of-adapting-the-anatomy
#3
J J E Kleijnen, A M Couwenberg, B van Asselen, J J W Lagendijk, M Intven, B W Raaymakers
PURPOSE: The recent development of an MRI-linac allows adaptation of treatments to the anatomy of the moment. This anatomy, in turn, could be altered into a more favorable situation for radiotherapy purposes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential dosimetric benefits of manipulating rectal anatomy in MRI-guided interventional external-beam radiotherapy for rectal cancer. METHODS: For this retrospective analysis, four patients (1M/3F) diagnosed with rectal cancer were included...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039159/gut-microbiota-differs-between-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-healthy-siblings-in-taxonomic-and-functional-composition-a-metagenomic-analysis
#4
Rebecca Luise Knoll, Kristoffer Forslund, Jens Roat Kultima, Claudius U Meyer, Ulrike Kullmer, Shinichi Sunagawa, Peer Bork, Stephan Gehring
Current treatment for pediatric IBD patients is often ineffective, with serious side effects. Manipulating the gut microbiota via fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an emerging treatment approach but remains controversial. We aimed to assess the composition of the fecal microbiome through a comparison of pediatric IBD patients to their healthy siblings, evaluating risks and prospects for FMT in this setting. A Case-Control (Sibling) Study was conducted analyzing fecal samples of six children with Crohn's Disease (CD), six children with Ulcerative Colitis (UC) and 12 healthy siblings by metagenomic sequencing...
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988095/toxoplasma-gondii-one-organism-multiple-models
#5
REVIEW
Edina K Szabo, Constance A M Finney
Toxoplasma gondii is an intensely studied protozoan parasite. It is also used as a model organism to research additional clinically relevant human and veterinary parasites due to ease of in vitro culture and genetic manipulation. Recently, it has been developed as a model of inflammatory bowel disease, due to their similar pathologies. However, researchers vary widely in how they use T. gondii, which makes study comparisons and interpretation difficult. The aim of this review is to provide researchers with a tool to: (i) determine the appropriateness of the different T...
December 14, 2016: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918315/the-gut-microbiota-as-a-key-regulator-of-visceral-pain
#6
Siobhain M O' Mahony, Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
Visceral pain is a significant and prevalent feature of several disorders including the functional gastrointestinal disorder, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Treatment strategies are limited and often unsatisfactory which has opened up new research avenues into the aetiology of visceral pain. This research has led to an increased appreciation of the role of the brain gut axis in modulating viscera pain responses. More recently, the interactions between the gut microbiota and the central nervous system have emerged indicating that visceral pain related disorders may be prospective candidates for symptom relief via microbial manipulation...
November 29, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871802/probiotic-normalization-of-candida-albicans-in-schizophrenia-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-longitudinal-pilot-study
#7
Emily G Severance, Kristin L Gressitt, Cassie R Stallings, Emily Katsafanas, Lucy A Schweinfurth, Christina L G Savage, Maria B Adamos, Kevin M Sweeney, Andrea E Origoni, Sunil Khushalani, Faith B Dickerson, Robert H Yolken
The molecules and pathways of the gut-brain axis represent new targets for developing methods to diagnose and treat psychiatric disorders. Manipulation of the gut microbiome with probiotics may be a therapeutic strategy with the potential to relieve gastrointestinal (GI) comorbidities and improve psychiatric symptoms. Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, commensal yeast species, can be imbalanced in the unhealthy human microbiome, and these fungal exposures were previously found elevated in schizophrenia...
November 18, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836365/transamniotic-stem-cell-therapy-trascet-in-a-leporine-model-of-gastroschisis
#8
Christina Feng, Christopher D Graham, Hester F Shieh, Joseph A Brazzo, John Patrick Connors, Lucas Rohrer, Alexander Papadakis, David Zurakowski, Dario O Fauza
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Transamniotic stem cell therapy (TRASCET) with amniotic fluid mesenchymal stem cells (afMSCs) has been shown to mitigate bowel damage in a rodent model of gastroschisis. As a prerequisite to clinical translation, we sought to study TRASCET in a larger animal model. METHODS: New Zealand rabbit fetuses (n=64) with surgically created gastroschisis were divided into three groups. One group (untreated) had no further manipulations. Two groups received volume-matched intraamniotic injections of either saline or a suspension of afMSCs...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810207/are-horse-age-and-incision-length-associated-with-surgical-site-infection-following-equine-colic-surgery
#9
S J M Darnaud, L L Southwood, H W Aceto, D Stefanovski, L Tomassone, L Zarucco
It is our clinical impression that age and incision length are more strongly associated with surgical site infection (SSI) following colic surgery than skin closure or wound protection method. Therefore, the objective of this observational clinical cohort study was to identify the risks for SSI in horses undergoing colic surgery. Data collection included pre-, intra-, and postoperative variables. Variables with P < 0.2 following univariable analysis were used in a logistic regression multivariable model...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793072/the-effects-of-connective-tissue-manipulation-and-kinesio-taping-on-chronic-constipation-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ceren Orhan, Ozgun Kaya Kara, Serap Kaya, Turkan Akbayrak, Mintaze Kerem Gunel, Gül Baltaci
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of connective tissue manipulation (CTM) and Kinesio Taping(®) (KT) on constipation and quality of life in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: This study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Forty children diagnosed with chronic constipation based on Rome III criteria were randomly assigned to CTM group [6 females, 7 males; 8 y 6 mo (SD = 3y 4 mo)], KT group [7 female, 7 male; 8y 7 mo (SD =3y 5 mo)] or control group [6 female, 7 male; 8y 3 mo (SD = 3y 6 mo)]...
October 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664046/hypoxia-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Eoin P Cummins, Daniel Crean
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a general term to describe inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. IBD affects approximately 1 in 200 individuals and exerts a significant health and quality of life burden on patients. Surgical intervention can be curative in ulcerative colitis but there is currently no cure for Crohn's disease. Since this is the case, and the fact that patients are often diagnosed at a young age, IBD exerts a significant financial burden on the health care system, and society as a whole...
September 20, 2016: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650128/the-human-microbiome-and-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#12
REVIEW
Anouk Verwoerd, Nienke M Ter Haar, Sytze de Roock, Sebastiaan J Vastert, Debby Bogaert
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic disease in childhood. The pathogenesis of JIA is thought to be the result of a combination of host genetic and environmental triggers. However, the precise factors that determine one's susceptibility to JIA remain to be unravelled. The microbiome has received increasing attention as a potential contributing factor to the development of a wide array of immune-mediated diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis...
September 20, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638374/tool-guidance-using-a-compact-robotic-assistant
#13
Carl A Nelson, Xiaoli Zhang, Shelby Buettner, Dmitry Oleynikov
Surgical robots in popular clinical use are generally large machines, which limits their practical use to some extent. This study aims to investigate the potential of a small, table-mounted robot for tool guidance in minimally invasive surgery (MIS). In particular, its multipurpose use for guidance of various tools was investigated. A compact robot capable of manipulating MIS tools was designed and built. The robot can move in four degrees of freedom (DOF): three rotational and one translational. These DOF correspond to motion constrained by a trocar...
October 2009: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637838/single-handed-controller-reduces-the-workload-of-flexible-endoscopy
#14
Esther D Rozeboom, Jeroen G Ruiter, Michel Franken, Matthijs P Schwartz, Stefano Stramigioli, Ivo A M J Broeders
The control of the conventional flexible endoscope is non-ergonomic and non-intuitive. A novel single-handed interface could reduce the experienced workload, without reducing current efficiency or effectiveness of endoscope manipulation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the workload, efficiency and effectiveness of a single-handed controller in colonoscopy, in comparison to a bimanual controller and the conventional angulation wheels. Twenty-one inexperienced students performed colonoscopies on a computer simulator using either the single-handed controller with a joystick interface, a bimanual controller with a joystick interface or the conventional angulation wheels...
December 2014: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627954/technical-modifications-in-the-robotic-assisted-surgical-approach-for-gynaecologic-operations
#15
Frederik Peeters, Zvi Vaknin, Susie Lau, Claire Deland, Sonya Brin, Walter H Gotlieb
To investigate the development of new technical approaches for improving the implementation of robotics in gynaecologic surgery, we conducted a prospective evaluation of five technical modifications developed during the implementation of a robotics program that included 171 robotic endometrial staging procedures from December 2007 until May 2010. Modification of the use of a Hohl uterine manipulator by applying only the intravaginal component minimizes the theoretical risk of spillage of endometrial cancer cells, without losing the capability of delineating the vaginal fornices...
December 2010: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592213/liver-steatosis-induced-by-small-bowel-resection-is-prevented-by-oral-vancomycin
#16
Lauren K Barron, Christopher P Gayer, Anne Roberts, Jamie M Golden, Bola G Aladegbami, Jun Guo, Christopher R Erwin, Brad W Warner
BACKGROUND: Intestinal failure-associated liver disease causes significant mortality in patients with short bowel syndrome. Steatosis, a major component of intestinal failure-associated liver disease has been shown to persist even after weaning from parenteral nutrition. We sought to determine whether steatosis occurs in our murine model of short bowel syndrome and whether steatosis was affected by manipulation of the intestinal microbiome. METHODS: Male C57BL6 mice underwent 50% small bowel resection and orogastric gavage with vancomycin or vehicle for 10 weeks...
December 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555182/green-urine-a-bezoar-effect
#17
Daniel Morell-Garcia, Josep M Bauça, Angela García-Suquía, Juan Robles, Bernardino Barceló, Andrea Fernández-Ballina, Juan C Carlos-Vicente
UNLABELLED: The green color in urine may suggest the presence of a severe pathology needing treatment. Many different potential causes of green urine have previously been reported. In our case, after ruling out other potential causes of green urine, it was suggested that the surgical manipulation of the paralytic ileum might have induced the reabsorption of the methylene blue which had been retained in the bowel (bezoar effect), even 96 hours after the nasogastric administration. CONCLUSIONS: The staff should keep in mind this possible effect due to methylene blue to recognize early and avoid unnecessary laboratory tests...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27480288/maneuverability-and-safety-of-a-magnetic-controlled-capsule-endoscopy-system-to-examine-the-human-colon-under-real-time-monitoring-by-colonoscopy-a-pilot-study-with-video
#18
Hongxiang Gu, Huiling Zheng, Xiaobing Cui, Ying Huang, Bo Jiang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colon capsule endoscopy has become an alternative method to evaluate the colonic mucosa without pain, sedation, and gas insufflation in recent years. The magnetic-controlled capsule endoscopy (MCCE) system is an innovative ingestible colon capsule. We performed a pilot study to assess its maneuverability and safety among subjects who volunteered to undergo colorectal cancer screening. METHODS: Fifty-seven volunteers underwent both MCCE and colonoscopy procedures...
July 29, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473312/osteopathic-manipulative-therapy-for-preterm-infants-acupuncture-for-menopausal-symptoms-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-chronic-low-back-pain-chocolate-for-ischemic-heart-disease-berberine-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425040/intraperitoneally-administered-hydrogen-rich-physiologic-solution-protects-against-postoperative-ileus-and-is-associated-with-reduced-nitric-oxide-production
#20
Ayana Okamoto, Keisuke Kohama, Michiko Aoyama-Ishikawa, Hayato Yamashita, Noritomo Fujisaki, Taihei Yamada, Tetsuya Yumoto, Nobuyuki Nosaka, Hiromichi Naito, Kohei Tsukahara, Atsuyoshi Iida, Keiji Sato, Joji Kotani, Atsunori Nakao
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus, a transient impairment of bowel motility initiated by intestinal inflammation, is common after an abdominal operation and leads to increased hospital stays and costs. Hydrogen has potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and potential therapeutic value. Solubilized hydrogen may be a portable and practical means of administering therapeutic hydrogen gas. We hypothesized that intraperitoneal administration of hydrogen-rich saline would ameliorate postoperative ileus...
September 2016: Surgery
keyword
keyword
117613
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"