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Yuuya Okumura, Tsuyoshi S Nakamura, Takayuki Tanaka, Ichiro Inoue, Yasuyuki Suda, Tetsuo Takahashi, Hideki Nakanishi, Shugo Nakamura, Xiao-Dong Gao, Hiroyuki Tachikawa
Sporulation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a developmental process in which an ascus containing four haploid spores forms from a diploid cell. During this process, newly formed membrane structures called prospore membranes extend along the nuclear envelope and engulf and package daughter nuclei along with cytosol and organelles to form precursors of spores. Proteins involved in prospore membrane extension, Vps13 and Spo71, have recently been reported; however, the overall mechanism of membrane extension remains unclear...
January 2016: MSphere
Jae-Sook Park, Mary K Thorsness, Robert Policastro, Luke L McGoldrick, Nancy M Hollingsworth, Peter E Thorsness, Aaron M Neiman
The Vps13 protein family is highly conserved in eukaryotic cells. Mutations in human VPS13 genes result in a variety of diseases, such as chorea acanthocytosis (ChAc), but the cellular functions of Vps13 proteins are not well defined. In yeast, there is a single VPS13 orthologue, which is required for at least two different processes: protein sorting to the vacuole and sporulation. This study demonstrates that VPS13 is also important for mitochondrial integrity. In addition to preventing transfer of DNA from the mitochondrion to the nucleus, VPS13 suppresses mitophagy and functions in parallel with the endoplasmic reticulum-mitochondrion encounter structure (ERMES)...
August 1, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Ri-Yao Yang, Huiting Xue, Lan Yu, Antonio Velayos-Baeza, Anthony P Monaco, Fu-Tong Liu
Galectin-12, a member of the galectin family of β-galactoside-binding animal lectins, is preferentially expressed in adipocytes and required for adipocyte differentiation in vitro. This protein was recently found to regulate lipolysis, whole body adiposity, and glucose homeostasis in vivo. Here we identify VPS13C, a member of the VPS13 family of vacuolar protein sorting-associated proteins highly conserved throughout eukaryotic evolution, as a major galectin-12-binding protein. VPS13C is upregulated during adipocyte differentiation, and is required for galectin-12 protein stability...
2016: PloS One
Emily M Parodi, Joseph M Roesner, Linda S Huang
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, cells undergoing sporulation form prospore membranes to surround their meiotic nuclei. The prospore membranes ultimately become the plasma membranes of the new cells. The putative phospholipase Spo1 and the tandem Pleckstrin Homology domain protein Spo71 have previously been shown to be required for prospore membrane development, along with the constitutively expressed Vps13 involved in vacuolar sorting. Here, we utilize genetic analysis, and find that SPO73 is required for proper prospore membrane shape and, like SPO71, is necessary for prospore membrane elongation...
2015: PloS One
Alexander B Lang, Arun T John Peter, Peter Walter, Benoît Kornmann
The endoplasmic reticulum-mitochondria encounter structure (ERMES) complex tethers the endoplasmic reticulum and the mitochondria. It is thought to facilitate interorganelle lipid exchange and influence mitochondrial dynamics and mitochondrial DNA maintenance. Despite this important role, ERMES is not found in metazoans. Here, we identified single amino acid substitutions in Vps13 (vacuolar protein sorting 13), a large universally conserved eukaryotic protein, which suppress all measured phenotypic consequences of ERMES deficiency...
September 14, 2015: Journal of Cell Biology
Sandra Muñoz-Braceras, Rosa Calvo, Ricardo Escalante
Deficient autophagy causes a distinct phenotype in Dictyostelium discoideum, characterized by the formation of multitips at the mound stage. This led us to analyze autophagy in a number of multitipped mutants described previously (tipA(-), tipB(-), tipC(-), and tipD(-)). We found a clear autophagic dysfunction in tipC(-) and tipD(-) while the others showed no defects. tipD codes for a homolog of Atg16, which confirms the role of this protein in Dictyostelium autophagy and validates our approach. The tipC-encoded protein is highly similar to human VPS13A (also known as chorein), whose mutations cause the chorea-acanthocytosis syndrome...
2015: Autophagy
Jae-Sook Park, Simon Halegoua, Shosei Kishida, Aaron M Neiman
The Vps13 protein family is highly conserved in eukaryotic cells. In humans, mutations in the gene encoding the family member VPS13A lead to the neurodegenerative disorder chorea-acanthocytosis. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, there is just a single version of VPS13, thereby simplifying the task of unraveling its molecular function(s). While VPS13 was originally identified in yeast by its role in vacuolar sorting, recent studies have revealed a completely different function for VPS13 in sporulation, where VPS13 regulates phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P) levels in the prospore membrane...
2015: PloS One
Zhaofei Li, Gary Blissard
In eukaryotic cells, regulated vesicular trafficking is critical for directing protein transport and for recycling and degradation of membrane lipids and proteins. Through carefully regulated transport vesicles, the endomembrane system performs a large and important array of dynamic cellular functions while maintaining the integrity of the cellular membrane system. Genetic studies in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have identified approximately 50 vacuolar protein sorting (VPS) genes involved in vesicle trafficking, and most of these genes are also characterized in mammals...
July 2015: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Farzad Katiraee, Vahid Khalaj, Ali Reza Khosravi, Mahboubeh Hajiabdolbaghi
The growing number of immunocompromised individuals has increased the incidence of infections caused by Candida species during the recent decades. Typing of C. albicans on the basis of DNA sequences at multiple loci has greatly advanced our knowledge about the epidemiology and phylogeny of candidiasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diversity, and genetic relationships among C. albicans isolates obtained from HIV patients in Iran. using multilocus sequence typing (MLST) method. We analyzed 25 C. albicans isolates obtained from HIV positive patients referred to Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS...
2014: Acta Medica Iranica
Jae-Sook Park, Yuuya Okumura, Hiroyuki Tachikawa, Aaron M Neiman
The creation of haploid gametes in yeast, termed spores, requires the de novo formation of membranes within the cytoplasm. These membranes, called prospore membranes, enclose the daughter nuclei generated by meiosis. Proper growth and closure of prospore membranes require the highly conserved Vps13 protein. Mutation of SPO71, a meiosis-specific gene first identified as defective in spore formation, was found to display defects in membrane morphogenesis very similar to those seen in vps13Δ cells. Specifically, prospore membranes are smaller than in the wild type, they fail to close, and membrane vesicles are present within the prospore membrane lumen...
November 2013: Eukaryotic Cell
Hyeeun Shin, Chang-Seok Ki, Ah Ra Cho, Jung-Il Lee, Jin Young Ahn, Jae-Hyeok Lee, Jin Whan Cho
We report a 39-year-old woman with chorea-acanthocytosis (ChAc) who was referred with refractory hyperkinetic movement and truncal bending spasm. She was diagnosed with ChAc with clinical features and laboratory findings of acanthocytosis in peripheral blood smear, and genetic studies revealed novel mutations in the VPS13 gene. Because her symptoms did not respond well to medical treatment, she was in a totally dependent state. We decided to perform globus pallidus interna deep brain stimulation (GPi-DBS) for symptom control...
2012: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Jae-Sook Park, Aaron M Neiman
The hereditary disorders chorea acanthocytosis and Cohen syndrome are caused by mutations in different members of a family of genes that are orthologs of yeast VPS13. In vegetatively growing yeast, VPS13 is involved in the delivery of proteins to the vacuole. During sporulation, VPS13 is important for formation of the prospore membrane that encapsulates the daughter nuclei to give rise to spores. We report that VPS13 is required for multiple aspects of prospore membrane morphogenesis. VPS13 (1) promotes expansion of the prospore membrane through regulation of phosphatidylinositol phosphates, which in turn activate the phospholipase D, Spo14; (2) is required for a late step in cytokinesis that gives rise to spores; and (3) regulates a membrane-bending activity that generates intralumenal vesicles...
June 15, 2012: Journal of Cell Science
Shashwath A Meda, Balaji Narayanan, Jingyu Liu, Nora I Perrone-Bizzozero, Michael C Stevens, Vince D Calhoun, David C Glahn, Li Shen, Shannon L Risacher, Andrew J Saykin, Godfrey D Pearlson
The underlying genetic etiology of late onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) remains largely unknown, likely due to its polygenic architecture and a lack of sophisticated analytic methods to evaluate complex genotype-phenotype models. The aim of the current study was to overcome these limitations in a bi-multivariate fashion by linking intermediate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) phenotypes with a genome-wide sample of common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) variants. We compared associations between 94 different brain regions of interest derived from structural MRI scans and 533,872 genome-wide SNPs using a novel multivariate statistical procedure, parallel-independent component analysis, in a large, national multi-center subject cohort...
April 15, 2012: NeuroImage
Haresha S Samaranayake, Ann E Cowan, Lawrence A Klobutcher
Vacuolar protein sorting 13 (VPS13) proteins have been studied in a number of organisms, and mutations in VPS13 genes have been implicated in two human genetic disorders, but the function of these proteins is poorly understood. The TtVPS13A protein was previously identified in a mass spectrometry analysis of the Tetrahymena thermophila phagosome proteome (M. E. Jacobs et al., Eukaryot. Cell 5:1990-2000, 2006), suggesting that it is involved in phagocytosis. In this study, we analyzed the structure of the macronuclear TtVPS13A gene, which was found to be composed of 17 exons spanning 12...
September 2011: Eukaryotic Cell
Kadri Peil, Signe Värv, Marko Lõoke, Kersti Kristjuhan, Arnold Kristjuhan
The intensity of gene transcription is generally reflected by the level of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) recruitment to the gene. However, genome-wide studies of polymerase occupancy indicate that RNAPII distribution varies among genes. In some loci more polymerases are found in the 5' region, whereas in other loci, in the 3' region of the gene. We studied the distribution of elongating RNAPII complexes at highly transcribed GAL-VPS13 locus in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and found that in the cell population the amount of polymerases gradually decreased toward the 3' end of the gene...
July 8, 2011: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Maria Soledad Santisteban, Mingda Hang, M Mitchell Smith
Nucleosomes containing histone variant H2A.Z (Htz1) serve to poise quiescent genes for activation and transcriptional initiation. However, little is known about their role in transcription elongation. Here we show that dominant mutations in the elongation genes SPT5 and SPT16 suppress the hypersensitivity of htz1Δ strains to drugs that inhibit elongation, indicating that Htz1 functions at the level of transcription elongation. Direct kinetic measurements of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) movement across the 9...
May 2011: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Antonio Velayos-Baeza, Andrea Vettori, Richard R Copley, Carol Dobson-Stone, A P Monaco
The gene mutated in chorea-acanthocytosis (CHAC; approved gene symbol VPS13A) encodes chorein, a protein similar to yeast Vps13p. We detected several similar putative human proteins by BLAST analysis of chorein. We characterized the structure of three new genes encoding these CHAC-similar proteins, located on chromosomes 1p36, 8q22, and 15q21. The most similar gene in yeast to all four human genes is Vps13, and therefore the human genes were named VPS13A (CHAC, 9q21), VPS13B (8q22), VPS13C (15q21), and VPS13D (1p36)...
September 2004: Genomics
Arnold Kristjuhan, Jesper Q Svejstrup
The mechanism and kinetics of RNA polymerase II transcription and histone acetylation were studied by chromatin immunoprecipitation in yeast. Our results indicate that a significant fraction of polymerases starting transcription never make it to the end of a long GAL-VPS13 fusion gene. Surprisingly, induction of GAL genes results in substantial loss of histone-DNA contacts not only in the promoter but also in the coding region. The loss of nucleosomes is dependent on active transcript elongation, but apparently occurs independently of histone acetylation...
October 27, 2004: EMBO Journal
M-E Bougnoux, A Tavanti, C Bouchier, N A R Gow, A Magnier, A D Davidson, M C J Maiden, C D'Enfert, F C Odds
A panel of 86 different Candida albicans isolates was subjected to multilocus sequence typing (MLST) in two laboratories to obtain sequence data for 10 published housekeeping gene fragments. Analysis of data for all possible combinations of five, six, seven, eight, and nine of the fragments showed that a set comprising the fragments AAT1a, ACC1, ADP1, MPIb, SYA1, VPS13, and ZWF1b was the smallest that yielded 86 unique diploid sequence types for the 86 isolates. This set is recommended for future MLST with C...
November 2003: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Juha Kolehmainen, Graeme C M Black, Anne Saarinen, Kate Chandler, Jill Clayton-Smith, Ann-Liz Träskelin, Rahat Perveen, Satu Kivitie-Kallio, Reijo Norio, Mette Warburg, Jean-Pierre Fryns, Albert de la Chapelle, Anna-Elina Lehesjoki
Cohen syndrome is an uncommon autosomal recessive disorder whose diagnosis is based on the clinical picture of nonprogressive psychomotor retardation and microcephaly, characteristic facial features, retinal dystrophy, and intermittent neutropenia. We have refined the critical region on chromosome 8q22 by haplotype analysis, and we report the characterization of a novel gene, COH1, that is mutated in patients with Cohen syndrome. The longest transcript (14,093 bp) is widely expressed and is transcribed from 62 exons that span a genomic region of approximately 864 kb...
June 2003: American Journal of Human Genetics
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