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Dentoalveolar

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791693/decoronation-followed-by-dental-implants-placement-fundamentals-applications-and-explanations
#1
Alberto Consolaro, Paulo Domingos Ribeiro Júnior, Maurício A Cardoso, Dario A Oliveira Miranda, Monica Salfatis
Dental arches areas with teeth presenting dentoalveolar ankylosis and replacement root resorption can be considered as presenting normal bone, in full physiological remodeling process; and osseointegrated implants can be successfully placed. Bone remodeling will promote osseointegration, regardless of presenting ankylosis and/or replacement root resorption. After 1 to 10 years, all dental tissues will have been replaced by bone. The site, angulation and ideal positioning in the space to place the implant should be dictated exclusively by the clinical convenience, associated with previous planning...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765917/dentoskeletal-effects-of-the-forsus%C3%A2-fatigue-resistance-device-in-the-treatment-of-class-ii-malocclusion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Amal I Linjawi, Mona A Abbassy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to quantitatively compare previous studies that evaluated skeletal and dentoalveolar effects of the Forsus™ Fatigue Resistance Device (FRD) in the treatment of Class II malocclusion with a matched untreated control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four electronic searches PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Science Direct that were limited to articles on human studies comparing the effect of Forsus appliance with a matched control group in the treatment of Class II malocclusion from the year (2000-2017)...
2018: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750105/lip-repositioning-technique-a-simple-surgical-procedure-to-improve-the-smile-harmony
#3
Vicente Faus-Matoses, Ignacio Faus-Matoses, Ana Jorques-Zafrilla, Vicente J Faus-Llácer
Excessive gingival display is an esthetic concern for patients. It is a condition in which an overexposure of the maxillary gingiva (>3mm) is present during smiling. There are different etiologies of a gummy smile, such as vertical maxillary excess, short and hyperactive upper lip, altered passive eruption, anterior dentoalveolar extrusion, or a combination of these causes. The correct diagnosis of all etiologic factors is imperative for its appropriate management. Many techniques have been used to restore the dentogingival relation for the management of gummy smile...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742251/evaluation-of-cases-of-concussion-and-subluxation-in-the-permanent-dentition-a-retrospective-study
#4
Denise Pedrini, Sônia Regina Panzarini, Adelisa Rodolfo Ferreira Tiveron, Valéria Marisel de Abreu, Celso Koogi Sonoda, Wilson Roberto Poi, Daniela Atili Brandini
Objectives This study evaluated the evolution of cases of concussion and subluxation through a retrospective study of 20 years. Material and Methods Were examined clinical and radiographic records of 1,309 patients who underwent treatment of dentoalveolar trauma in the discipline of Integrated Clinic of the School of Dentistry of Araçatuba, UNESP, of which we selected 137 whose patients had concussion and subluxation injuries, with average age of 23.3 (SD - 10.96). The variables collected were: gender, age, history of previous and actual trauma, treatments performed, the presence of necrotic pulp, and time elapsed until the same trauma...
2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732303/changes-in-buccal-facial-depth-of-female-patients-after-extraction-and-nonextraction-orthodontic-treatments-a-preliminary-study
#5
Fanfan Dai, Jie Yu, Gui Chen, Tianmin Xu, Ruoping Jiang
Objective: This study was performed to investigate buccal facial depth (BFD) changes after extraction and nonextraction orthodontic treatments in post-adolescent and adult female patients, and to explore possible influencing factors. Methods: Twelve and nine female patients were enrolled in the extraction and nonextraction groups, respectively. Changes in BFD in the defined buccal region and six transverse and two coronal measuring planes were measured after registering pretreatment and posttreatment three-dimensional facial scans...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728549/an-evaluation-of-mandibular-dental-and-basal-arch-dimensions-in-class-i-and-class-ii-division-1-adult-syrian-patients-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#6
Layal H Al-Hilal, Kinda Sultan, Mohammad Y Hajeer, Ghiath Mahmoud, Abdulrahman A Wanli
Aim: The aim of this study is (1) to inspect any difference in mandibular arch widths between males and females in class I and class II division 1 (class malocclusions using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), (2) to compare the mandibular dental and basal widths between the two groups, and (3) to investigate any possible correlation between dental and basal arch widths in both groups. Materials and methods: The CBCT images of 68 patients aged between 18 and 25 years consisted of 34 class I (17 males and 17 females) and 34 class (17 males and 17 females) who were recruited at the Department of Orthodontics, University of Damascus Dental School (Syria)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721543/odontogenic-sinusitis-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#7
REVIEW
Ryan E Little, Christopher M Long, Todd A Loehrl, David M Poetker
Objectives: To present current literature on the topic of odontogenic sinusitis. Data Source: PubMed literature search for odontogenic sinusitis. Results: Odontogenic sinusitis is an inflammatory condition of the paranasal sinuses that is the result of dental pathology, most often resulting from prior dentoalveolar procedures, infections of maxillary dentition, or maxillary dental trauma. Infections are often polymicrobial with an anaerobe-predominant microbiome requiring special considerations for antimicrobial therapy...
April 2018: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709324/the-clinical-outcome-of-skeletal-anchorage-in-interceptive-treatment-in-growing-patients-for-class-iii-malocclusion
#8
REVIEW
J Meyns, D M Brasil, J F Mazzi-Chaves, C Politis, R Jacobs
A systematic review of the literature was performed regarding the clinical outcome (effectiveness) of bone anchorage devices in interceptive treatment for class III malocclusion. A search of Embase, PubMed and Web of Science databases yielded 285 papers. An additional two articles were retrieved through manual searching of the reference lists. After initial abstract selection, 32 potentially eligible articles were screened in detail, resulting in a final number of eight articles included in this review. Insufficient evidence was found regarding the effects of skeletal anchorage in interceptive class III treatment to support definitive conclusions on long-term skeletal effects and stability...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702006/short-and-long-term-effects-of-late-maxillary-advancement-with-the-liou-alt-ramec-protocol-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#9
Maria Costanza Meazzini, Laura B Zappia, Chiara Tortora, Luca Autelitano, Roberto Tintinelli
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective longitudinal study was to evaluate short- and long-term results of the application of the Liou Alt-RAMEC (alternate rapid maxillary expansion and constriction) technique, a late orthopedic maxillary protraction technique, with intraoral anchorage, in patients with cleft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) were consecutively treated with the Alt-RAMEC technique. The average age of the patients was 11...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694467/continuous-dentoalveolar-neuropathic-pain-response-to-repeated-intravenous-ketamine-infusions-a-case-report
#10
Isabel Moreno-Hay, John Lindroth
This article describes a case of continuous dentoalveolar neuropathic pain in which relief was obtained following repeated administration of intravenous infusions of a subanesthetic dose of ketamine. A 50-year-old female presented in 2006 with a 1-year history of constant sharp pain in the gingiva surrounding the maxillary left second premolar and second molar rated as 10/10 on a pain intensity scale. After multiple systemic medications failed to adequately manage the patient's pain, partial pain reduction was obtained (4/10) with daily use of methadone 50 mg in combination with application of a topical compound including lidocaine, amitriptyline, and carbamazepine to the affected area as needed...
April 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663035/short-term-dentoskeletal-changes-following-class-ii-treatment-using-a-fixed-functional-appliance-the-austro-repositioner-a-pilot-study
#11
M Dolores Austro, Encarnación González, M Angustias Peñalver, Domingo Pérez, José Antonio Alarcón
OBJECTIVE: Purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the skeletal and dentoalveolar effects of a fixed functional appliance, the Austro Repositioner, in dolicho- and brachyfacial skeletal Class II patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In all, 20 dolicho- and 25 brachyfacial consecutive patients treated with the Austro Repositioner were compared with untreated controls (20 dolicho- and 20 brachyfacial patients) with the same initial dentoskeletal features...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663034/three-dimensional-skeletal-dentoalveolar-and-temporomandibular-joint-changes-produced-by-twin-block-functional-appliance
#12
Hanem Younes Elfeky, Mona Salah Fayed, Maged Sultan Alhammadi, Sanaa Abou Zeid Soliman, Dalia Mohamed El Boghdadi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to three-dimensionally analyze the net skeletal, dental, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) treatment changes using Twin Block functional therapy in comparison to untreated subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study (Twin Block) group comprised 22 female patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion due to mandibular retrusion. A total of 18 skeletal Class II untreated female subjects were included as controls. Skeletal, dental, and TMJ changes were evaluated using pre- and posttreatment/observational by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621077/modified-rotational-anterior-segmental-osteotomy-for-prevention-of-common-complication-aged-appearance
#13
Bong-Kyoon Choi, Won Lee, Lun-Jou Lo, Eun-Jung Yang
Although anterior segmental osteotomy (ASO) is powerful procedures in treating the patient who has bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion, there is significant change in all soft and hard tissue parameters. Soft tissue changes in response to ASO can have a deleterious effect of an aged appearance. To prevent this aged appearance, the authors tried to rotate the maxillary anterior segment rather than simply posteriorly translating the segments. The application of a clockwise pivot rotation method during ASO can prevent overcorrection by controlling the degree of setback of the piriform aperture, and it can also affect convexity of the facial profile...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618879/pediatric-facial-fractures-a-10-year-study
#14
Rajarshi Ghosh, K Gopalkrishnan, Jawahar Anand
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study is to retrospectively analyse the incidence of facial fractures along with age, gender predilection, etiology, commonest site, associated dental injuries and any complications of paediatric patients operated in Craniofacial unit of SDM college of dental sciences and hospital. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the department of OMFS, SDM College of Dental Sciences, Dharwad from January 2003-December 2013...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617755/soft-and-hard-tissue-changes-following-treatment-of-class-ii-division-1-malocclusion-with-activator-versus-trainer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Ghassan Idris, Mohammad Y Hajeer, Azzam Al-Jundi
Background: Increased awareness on the role of oral functions in the aetiology of Class II deformities has led to the wide spread of myofunctional training appliances as easy and possibly effective treatment for children with Class II malocclusion but their efficacy is yet to be proven. Objectives: To evaluate soft- and hard-tissue changes following 12 months of Class II division 1 treatment in growing patients with a conventional functional appliance (a modified Activator) versus a myofunctional Trainer system (T4K®)...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599584/assessment-of-effect-of-age-gender-and-dentoalveolar-changes-on-mandibular-morphology-a-digital-panoramic-study
#16
V Sairam, Gareema Raju Potturi, B Praveen, G Vikas
Introduction: With progressive development in the growth and function of the jaws, changes are observed in size as well as shape of the mandible, which vary on the basis of age, gender, and dental status. The objective of this study was to evaluate and assess the morphological changes of the mandible, with varying age, gender, and dental status, using panoramic radiographs. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted using digital panoramic radiographs taken by Kodak 8000c digital panoramic and cephalometric system on 150 patients, comprising fifty edentulous individuals (above 50 years of age), fifty old dentate individuals (above 50 years of age), and fifty young dentate individuals (below 25 years of age)...
January 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580668/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-an-update-on-the-memorial-sloan-kettering-cancer-center-experience-and-the-role-of-premedication-dental-evaluation-in-prevention
#17
Adepitan A Owosho, See Toh Yoong Liang, Adi Z Sax, Kant Wu, SaeHee K Yom, Joseph M Huryn, Cherry L Estilo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between type of antiresorptive medication and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) onset and the role of premedication dental evaluation (PMDE) in the prevention of MRONJ. STUDY DESIGN: Our database of patients with MRONJ was reviewed. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to analyze the onset dose of the 3 frequent medication types associated with MRONJ. To evaluate the role of PMDE in the prevention of MRONJ, all patients on antiresorptive and/or antiangiogenic medications seen in the Dental Service of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center during a 10-year period were subclassified into 2 groups...
February 14, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563360/mineral-trioxide-aggregate-for-intruded-teeth-with-incomplete-apex-formation
#18
Caroline T S Oliveira, Fredson M A de Carvalho, Leonardo C O Gonçalves, Jessyca M N de Souza, Lucas F R Garcia, André A F Marques, Samir N de Souza
The axial displacement of a tooth within the alveolar bone is called traumatic intrusive luxation. The treatment of immature permanent teeth with incomplete root formation is a challenging procedure, as the prognosis is uncertain. The objective of the present article is to report the successful treatment of traumatic intrusive luxation in teeth with incomplete root formation, where mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was used as an apical plug to induce apexification. A 10-year-old boy was referred to our department for emergency treatment of dentoalveolar trauma to the maxillary central incisors...
2018: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561653/collaborative-treatment-for-a-case-of-condylar-hyperplastic-facial-asymmetry
#19
Risa Usumi-Fujita, Koichi Nakakuki, Koichi Fujita, Machiko Kosugi, Ikuo Yonemitus, Eiji Fukuyama, Takashi Ono
Facial asymmetry can be caused by unilateral condylar hyperplasia. In such cases, it may be difficult to achieve symmetry since there is dentoalveolar compensation on the affected side, and the occlusal cant does not correspond to the frontal mandibular deviation. In the case presented, surgical orthodontic treatment and orthognathic surgery planning was accomplished for a patient with facial asymmetry due to condylar hyperplasia. The surgical plan was devised with particular attention to the severe dentoalveolar compensation...
March 21, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518343/dentoalveolar-cleft-treatment-outcome-using-modified-huddart-bodenham-index-and-regression-analysis-of-associated-factors
#20
Anas Imran Arshad, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Mohammad Fadhli Khamis
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the treatment outcome of complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP) patients using modified Huddart/Bodenham scoring system (MHB). To determine whether there is an association of congenital and postnatal factors with the treatment outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Two regional cleft-referral centers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: In the current study, 101 pairs of dental models of non-syndromic CUCLP patients were retrieved from hospital archives...
May 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
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