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Anas Imran Arshad, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Mohammad Fadhli Khamis
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the treatment outcome of complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP) patients using modified Huddart/Bodenham scoring system (MHB). To determine whether there is an association of congenital and postnatal factors with the treatment outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Two regional cleft-referral centers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: In the current study, 101 pairs of dental models of non-syndromic CUCLP patients were retrieved from hospital archives...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Vinni Arora, Rekha Sharma, Sonal Chowdhary
The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of PowerScope and Forsus in the treatment of Class II division 1 malocclusion. Materials and Methods This was a 2-arm parallel, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. A total of 28 Class II division 1 malocclusion patients indicated for treatment with fixed functional appliances were randomized and equally divided (n = 14) among PowerScope (American Orthodontics, Sheboygan, Wis; mean age 14.11 ± 1.3 years) and Forsus (3M Unitek Corp, Monrovia, Calif; mean age 15...
March 8, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
Nima Khavanin, Edward H Davidson, Diana Y Lee, Patrick Byrne, Amir H Dorafshar
Concomitant temporomandibular joint (TMJ) transplantation is an obvious advancement in the reconstructive armamentarium for face transplantation in scenarios involving TMJ ankylosis. This study investigates the fidelity of mandibular morphology and explores the feasibility of bilateral mandibular condyle transfer in facial vascularized composite allotransplantation. Geometric analysis was performed on 100 skeletally mature maxillofacial computed tomography scans. Exclusion criteria included mandibular trauma and dentoalveolar disease...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
George A Mandelaris, Bradley S DeGroot, Robert Relle, Brian Shah, Iwei Huang, Brian S Vence
Comorbidities that negatively impact orthodontic (malocclusion), periodontal (periodontitis, deficient dentoalveolar bone volume, mucogingival), and prosthetic (structural integrity compromise from caries, attrition, and erosion) conditions can affect the general health of the patient. In addition, emerging data highlights the importance of undiagnosed airway volume deficiencies and sleep-disordered breathing conditions in the adult and pediatric population. Deficiencies in dentoalveolar bone and discrepancies in skeletal relationships can impact the volume of hard- and soft-tissue structures of the periodontium and decrease oral cavity volume...
March 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
McKenzie E Woods, Cynthia S Beeman, Philip M Westgate, Lucas Cardinal, Sarandeep S Huja
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to quantitatively assess dentoalveolar and skeletal compensations in patients with untreated unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). We hypothesized that there are significant skeletal and dental adaptations in UCLP cases compared to a comparison maxillary crossbite group. DESIGN: A convenience retrospective sample of 30 patients with UCLP and a comparison group of 30 patients with unilateral posterior crossbite without CLP...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
E Alonso-Rodriguez, E Gómez, M Martín, J-M Muñoz, J Hernández-Godoy, M Burgueño
BACKGROUND: Macroglossia causes functional deficits such as airway obstruction, drooling, phonation difficulties, and leads to protrusion of dentoalveolar structures resulting in an anterior open bite and a prognathic mandibular appearance. Macroglossia is present in the majority of patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) and surgical treatment may be indicated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted including BWS patients who underwent surgical tongue reduction between 2000 and 2015 at the Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid...
February 24, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Gero Stefan Michael Kinzinger, Jan Hourfar, Cornelia Kober, Jörg Alexander Lisson
OBJECTIVE: During therapy of distoclusion entailing a rigid, fixed orthodontic appliance, the mandibular fossa and condyle are ideally remodeled, while dentoalveolar effects occur through adaptive mechanisms. Adaptive processes, especially in the fossa region, have not been adequately investigated. Our magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) investigation aimed to assess the effects of therapy with a functional mandibular advancer (FMA) on mandibular fossa morphology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We monitored via MRI the therapeutic course of 25 patients at three time points...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Athina Chatzigianni, Chrystalla Kyprianou, Moschos A Papadopoulos, Sossani Sidiropoulou
PURPOSE: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is an autoimmune disease with multiple potential causal factors. In case of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) affection, the inflammatory reaction can result in restricted mandibular growth with implied skeletal and facial deformities. Aim of the present study was to examine dentoalveolar and occlusion characteristics in children with JIA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 66 children (27 boys, 39 girls) with JIA...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Mahmood Samman, Syed Waheed Ahmed, Hassan Beshir, Turki Almohammadi, Santosh R Patil
Objectives: The objective of the study is to study the incidence and pattern of mandible fractures in the holy city of Madinah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia over a retrospective period of 3 years from 2013 (1434H) to 2016 (1436H) and to compare the results with those from other regions of Saudi Arabia and elsewhere. Materials and Methods: Relevant data of patients admitted to the King Fahad Hospital, Madinah with a fracture of the mandible during the study were collected from their medical records and radiographs...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Giuliano Maino, Ylenia Turci, Angela Arreghini, Emanuele Paoletto, Giuseppe Siciliani, Luca Lombardo
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe the skeletal and dentoalveolar changes in a group of growing skeletal Class III patients treated with hybrid rapid palatal expansion and facemask. METHODS: Twenty-eight growing patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion were treated using a rapid maxillary expander with hybrid anchorage according to the ALT-Ramec protocol (SKAR III; E.P.), followed by 4 months of facemask therapy. Palatal miniscrew placement was accomplished via digital planning and the construction of a high-precision, individualized surgical guide...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Abdullsalam Abdulqawi Al-Dumaini, Esam Halboub, Maged Sultan Alhammadi, Ramy Abdul Rahman Ishaq, Mohamed Youssef
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a new approach-bimaxillary miniplates-based skeletal anchorage-in the treatment of skeletal Class II malocclusion compared with untreated subjects. METHODS: The study (miniplates) group comprised 28 patients (14 boys, 14 girls) with skeletal Class II malocclusion due to mandibular retrusion, with a mean age of 11.83 years. After 0.017 × 0.025-in stainless steel archwires were placed in both arches, 4 miniplates were fixed bilaterally, 2 in the maxillary anterior areas and 2 in the mandibular posterior areas, and used for skeletal treatment with elastics...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Rajarshi Ghosh, Kulandaswamy Gopalkrishnan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to retrospectively analyze the incidence of facial fractures along with age, gender predilection, etiology, commonest site, associated dental injuries, and any complications of patients operated in Craniofacial Unit of SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Department of OMFS, SDM College of Dental Sciences, Dharwad from January 2003 to December 2013...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
N Yilmaz, N Demirtas, H O Kazancioglu, S Bayer, A H Acar, A Mihmanli
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of local hyaluronic acid (HA) administration to surgically remove impacted third molar sockets and measure pain, swelling, and trismus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included a total of 25 healthy patients aged 18-29 years with asymptomatic bilaterally impacted lower third molars. All cases have been performed under local anesthesia. In the study group, 0.8% HA (Gengigel®) was applied in the postextraction sockets of the right third molars and in the control group nothing was applied to the extraction sockets of the left third molars...
December 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A T Jang, L Chen, A R Shimotake, W Landis, V Altoe, S Aloni, M Ryder, S P Ho
The load-bearing dentoalveolar fibrous joint is composed of biomechanically active periodontal ligament (PDL), bone, cementum, and the synergistic entheses of PDL-bone and PDL-cementum. Physiologic and pathologic loads on the dentoalveolar fibrous joint prompt natural shifts in strain gradients within mineralized and fibrous tissues and trigger a cascade of biochemical events within the widened and narrowed sites of the periodontal complex. This review highlights data from in situ biomechanical simulations that provide tooth movements relative to the alveolar socket...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Mônica L C Aragón, Lívia M Bichara, Carlos Flores-Mir, Guilherme Almeida, David Normando
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficiency of compensatory orthodontic treatment of patients with mild Class III malocclusion with two preadjusted bracket systems. METHOD: Fifty-six matched patients consecutively treated for mild Class III malocclusion through compensatory dentoalveolar movements were retrospectively evaluated after analysis of orthodontic records. The sample was divided into two groups according to the brackets used: Group 1 = non-Class III compensated preadjusted brackets, Roth prescription (n = 28); Group 2 = compensated Class III preadjusted brackets, Capelozza III prescription (n = 28)...
November 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Andrew R Ness, Andrew R Wills, Andrea Waylen, Jackie Smallridge, Amanda J Hall, Debbie Sell, Jonathan R Sandy
OBJECTIVE: We highlight a major study that investigated the impact of reconfigured cleft care in the United Kingdom some 15 years after centralization. We argue that centralization as an intervention has a major impact on outcomes. SETTING: Audit clinics held in Cleft Centers in the United Kingdom. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Five-year-olds born between April 1, 2005, and March 31, 2007, with nonsyndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate. INTERVENTIONS: Centralization of cleft care...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Jae Hyun Park, Sungkon Kim, Yoon-Jin Lee, Mohamed Bayome, Yoon-Ah Kook, Mihee Hong, Yoonji Kim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in position of the maxillary dentition and the airway space after distalization using a modified C-palatal plate (MCPP) in adult patients through CBCT images and to analyze the relationship between the amount of distalization and the changes in the airway space. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT images of 33 adult Class II patients (22.2 ± 4.0 years old; 27 women and 6 men) treated by total maxillary arch distalization using the MCPP were evaluated before and after distalization...
January 16, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
Taisa B Raveli, Dirceu B Raveli, Luiz G Gandini, Ary Santos-Pinto
The aim of this study was to evaluate dental and skeletal changes induced by the use of Herbst appliance compared to natural growth in young adults with Class II division I malocclusion with mandibular retrusion, by means of lateral oblique radiographs. Forty-six subjects, I4 -18 years old, after pubertal growth peak, with Class II division I malocclusion were assessed. Subjects were divided into two groups: the Experimental group included 23 subjects treated with Metallic Splinted Herbst and the Control group included 23 subjects followed without treatment...
August 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Diana Mostafa
INTRODUCTION: A gummy smile (GS) affects the esthetic and the psychological status as it usually decreases the self-confidence leading to hidden or controlling the smile. A smile with more than 2 mm exposed gingiva is called gummy smile. It may be due to one or more of the following etiologies; altered passive eruption of teeth, dentoalveolar extrusion, vertical maxillary excess, and short or hyperactive lip muscles. The treatment of gummy smile should be planned according to its cause/causes...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Silvia Elena Yacarini Paredes, Raquel Assed Bezerra Segato, Leila Daher Moreira, Alcides Moreira, Kranya Victoria Díaz Serrano, Clarissa Teles Rodrigues, Luciana Yamamoto Almeida, Jorge Esquiche León
Hypophosphatemic rickets is a rare genetic disorder involving the regulation of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a phosphaturic agent, clinically showing bowing of the legs, short stature and dentoalveolar abscesses. A 7-year-old boy, with previous hypochondroplasia diagnosis, was referred to our pediatric dentistry clinic presenting short stature, bone deformities and sinus tracts at deciduous teeth apex levels not related with trauma, restorations or dental caries. After deciduous teeth extraction, due to root resorption and mobility, light microscopy exhibited typical hypophosphatemic dentin, and micro-computed tomography revealed tubular clefts and porosities throughout the teeth...
November 30, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
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