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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210403/an-overview-of-maxillofacial-trauma-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-tertiary-trauma-centre-queen-elizabeth-hospital-kota-kinabalu-sabah
#1
Chee Wei Lee, Qi Chao Foo, Ling Vuan Wong, Yiu Yan Leung
The aims of this study were to provide an overview of maxillofacial trauma and its relationship to patient's demographic data and alcohol consumption within the state of Sabah. It was a retrospective study of maxillofacial trauma cases treated by Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, from January 1, 2009, until December 31, 2013. A total of 630 maxillofacial trauma cases were included. Details of the trauma were collected from patients' record, including patients' cause of injuries, injuries suffered, treatment indications, and treatment received...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203569/comparison-of-activator-headgear-and-twin-block-treatment-approaches-in-class-ii-division-1-malocclusion
#2
Stjepan Spalj, Kate Mroz Tranesen, Kari Birkeland, Visnja Katic, Andrej Pavlic, Vaska Vandevska-Radunovic
The purpose was to compare the treatment effects of functional appliances activator-headgear (AH) and Twin Block (TB) on skeletal, dental, and soft-tissue structures in class II division 1 malocclusion with normal growth changes in untreated subjects. The sample included 50 subjects (56% females) aged 8-13 years with class II division 1 malocclusion treated with either AH (n = 25) or TB (n = 25) appliances. Pre- and posttreatment lateral cephalograms were evaluated and compared to 50 untreated class II division 1 cases matched by age, gender, ANB angle, and skeletal maturity...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164257/skeletal-and-dentoalveolar-bilateral-dimensions-in-unilateral-palatally-impacted-canine-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#3
Mariel Franchesca D Oleo-Aracena, Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guillén, Yalil Augusto Rodríguez-Cárdenas, Gustavo Armando Ruíz-Mora
BACKGROUND: The aim of this investigation was to compare skeletal and dentoalveolar measurements of subject with unilateral palatally impacted canine versus the unaffected contralateral side on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: A cross-sectional study (split mouth design) that included 28 CBCTs (i.e., 56 sides) with unilaterally impacted maxillary canines was performed. After conducting a pilot test to gauge the researcher, heights and widths of skeletal and dentoalveolar variables obtained in the maxilla were measured using coronal and axial views...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149473/a-cephalometric-comparison-of-twin-block-and-bionator-appliances-in-treatment-of-class-ii-malocclusion
#4
Fatemeh Ahmadian-Babaki, S Mehdi Araghbidi-Kashani, Saeedeh Mokhtari
BACKGROUND: Class II malocclusion is one of the most common orthodontic problems. In cases of class II malocclusion with mandibular deficiency, functional appliances often are used with the intent of stimulating mandibular growth. Bionator and twin block are two of the more popular functional appliances. The aim of this study was to compare the treatment outcomes of these two appliances using cephalometric radiographs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cephalometric radiographs of 33 patients who had class II division I malocclusion, before and after treatment were digitalized...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134645/effects-of-surgical-and-nonsurgical-rapid-maxillary-expansion-on-palatal-structures
#5
Gökmen Kurt, Ayşe Tuba Altuğ, Gökhan Türker, Banu Kiliç, Erdem Kiliç, Alper Alkan
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of surgical and nonsurgical rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in skeletally mature patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) was used in 18 patients (2 males, 16 females) with a mean age of 19.90 years. Two nonsurgical RME groups were constructed to compare the expansion changes of SARME. Eighteen patients in maximum pubertal peak (12 males, 6 females) with a mean age of 13...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131612/associations-between-occlusion-jaw-relationships-craniofacial-dimensions-and-the-occurrence-of-palatally-displaced-canines
#6
Fariborz Amini, Shayesteh Hamedi, Mona Haji Ghadimi, Vahid Rakhshan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cephalometric and arch measurements might predict the occurrence of a palatally-displaced impacted maxillary canine (PDC). Despite their clinical importance, studies in this regard are limited and controversial. METHODS: In this case-control study, 35 PDC patients and 77 controls aged over 13 years were examined. Eleven cephalometric measurements: N-S, ANS-PNS, ANS-N, S-N-ANS, facial angle (FH/NPog), SNA, SNB, Y-axis (SN/SGn), gonial angle, Go-Gn/SN, and Jarabak Index were performed...
January 25, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126996/awareness-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-mronj-amongst-general-dental-practitioners
#7
N Tanna, C Steel, S Stagnell, E Bailey
Background Recent evidence suggests that medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) can be caused by a number of anti-resorptive and anti-angiongenic agents not limited to bisphosphonates. A working knowledge of these medications is important for dental practitioners.Methods A total of 129 general dental practitioners (GDPs) were surveyed regarding their awareness of MRONJ and its causes.Results More than 90% of the GDPs sampled were unaware of anti-resorptive and anti-angiogenic medications other than bisphosphonates that had the potential to cause MRONJ...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121165/mode-of-correction-is-related-to-treatment-timing-in-class-ii-patients-treated-with-the-mandibular-advancement-locking-unit-malu-appliance
#8
Muhsin Candir, Heidi Kerosuo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the proportion of skeletal/dentoalveolar components for correction of Class II malocclusion in relation to the pubertal growth peak (PGP) among patients treated with the mandibular advancement locking unit (MALU) appliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 27 orthodontic patients (age range: 12-18 years; mean age 14.9 years) with skeletal Class II Division 1 malocclusion who were treated with the MALU appliance until they reached Class I occlusion with overjet and overbite within normal range...
January 25, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098566/comprehensive-surgical-orthodontic-treatment-of-class-iii-malocclusion-in-cleft-patient-involving-minimally-invasive-surgery-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Goran Stojkovic, Miodrag Stojkovic, Jasna Stojkovic, Dejan Nikolic, Zoran Stajcic
AIM: Surgical and orthodontic treatment of a teenage cleft patient. CASE REPORT: Authors describe the case of a 13 year old female cleft patient presented with class III malocclusion RESULT: The patient underwent comprehensive surgical secondary bone grafting and orthodontic treatment. Stable skeletal and occlusal class I relationship was achived and maintained in the post treatment observation period till the age of 16. DISCUSSION: Although several authors suggests primary gingivoperiosteoplasty, other advocates that such early intervention can cause later restrictions in maxillary growth...
December 19, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087282/short-term-perioperative-teriparatide-therapy-for-the-prevention-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-a-randomized-controlled-preclinical-study-in-rats
#10
Mohammad Zandi, Arash Dehghan, Amirhossein Mohammadi-Mofrad, Payam Amini, Farshid Vahdatinia
OBJECTIVE: Dentoalveolar procedures in patients receiving bisphosphonates and other antiresorptive agents are associated with an increased risk of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). The aim of present study was to evaluate the effects of perioperative teriparatide (TPD) therapy in prevention of MRONJ. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two protocols of TPD therapy were studied. For protocol A, 25 TPD-treated (AT) and 25 control (AC) rats received 5 weekly injection of 0...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050064/effect-of-retraction-of-anterior-teeth-on-pharyngeal-airway-and-hyoid-bone-position-in-class-i-bimaxillary-dentoalveolar-protrusion
#11
S Bhatia, B Jayan, S S Chopra
BACKGROUND: To test the hypothesis that the retraction of anterior teeth has no effect on the dimensions of pharyngeal airway and to evaluate the retraction of anterior teeth on each parameter of pharyngeal airway. METHODS: Twenty-two adult patients of Class I bimaxillary protrusion requiring first premolar extractions with maximum anchorage requirements were selected. The pharyngeal airway and dentofacial parameters of the patients were compared using pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalograms with the help of Student's paired t-test (P < 0...
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039941/time-to-onset-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-a-multicentre-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Ppl Fung, G Bedogni, A Bedogni, A Petrie, S Porter, G Campisi, J Bagan, V Fusco, G Saia, S Acham, P Musto, M T Petrucci, P Diz, G Colella, M D Mignogna, M Pentenero, P Arduino, G Lodi, C Maiorana, M Manfredi, P Hallberg, M Wadelius, K Takaoka, Y Y Leung, R Bonacina, M Schiødt, P Lakatos, T Taylor, G De Riu, G Favini, S N Rogers, M Pirmohamed, P Nicoletti, S Fedele
OBJECTIVES: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a potentially severe adverse effect of bisphosphonates (BP). Although the risk of ONJ increases with increasing duration of BP treatment, there are currently no reliable estimates of the ONJ time to onset (TTO). The objective of this study was to estimate the TTO and associated risk factors in BP-treated patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data from 22 secondary care centres in 7 countries relevant to 349 patients who developed BP-related ONJ between 2004 and 2012...
December 31, 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994433/management-of-severe-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion-with-bimaxillary-orthognathic-surgery
#13
Jitesh Haryani, Amit Nagar, Divya Mehrotra, Rani Ranabhatt
Orthognathic surgery in conjunction with fixed orthodontics is a common indication for interdisciplinary management of severe skeletal Class III malocclusion. A thorough analysis of pretreatment investigations and development of a surgical visual treatment objective is essential to plan the type of surgical technique required. Bimaxillary orthognathic surgery is the most common type of surgical procedure for severe skeletal discrepancies. The present case report is a combined ortho-surgical team management of a skeletally Class III patient...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981266/initial-accuracy-assessment-of-the-modified-s-lanss-for-the-detection-of-neuropathic-orofacial-pain-conditions
#14
Alberto Herrero Babiloni, Donald R Nixdorf, Alan S Law, Estephan J Moana-Filho, Sarah S Shueb, Ruby H Nguyen, Justin Durham
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of a questionnaire modified for the identification of intraoral pain with neuropathic characteristics in a clinical orofacial pain sample population. METHOD AND MATERIALS: 136 participants with at least one of four orofacial pain diagnoses (temporomandibular disorders [TMD, n = 41], acute dental pain [ADP, n = 41], trigeminal neuralgia [TN, n = 19], persistent dentoalveolar pain disorder [PDAP, n = 14]) and a group of pain-free controls (n = 21) completed the modified S-LANSS, a previously adapted version of the original questionnaire devised to detected patients suffering from intraoral pain with neuropathic characteristics...
December 15, 2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957283/treatment-and-restoration-of-adult-dentoalveolar-trauma-a-clinical-case-report
#15
Blanca Serra-Pastor, Miguel Penarrocha-Diago, María Penarrocha-Diago, Rubén Agustín-Panadero
Adult dentoalveolar trauma most often occurs in the context of sports activities and traffic accidents. Coronal fractures are the most common type of lesion, followed by tooth luxation. We present the case of a 25-year-old woman who suffered alveolar bone damage and coronal fractures of the upper incisors, with extrusive luxation of the right central incisor, as the result of a fall. On the first visit, manual reduction of the buccal plate was carried out under local anesthesia, with repositioning of the right central incisor and splinting to the neighboring teeth...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901233/maxillary-dentoalveolar-assessment-following-retraction-of-maxillary-incisors-a-preliminary-study
#16
Tiago Maia Fernandes Oliveira, Lígia Vieira Claudino, Cláudia Trindade Mattos, Eduardo Franzotti Sant'Anna
Objective: The aim of this preliminary study was to assess changes in tooth length and alveolar thickness following retraction of maxillary incisors. Methods: A total of 11 patients presenting severe maxillary dentoalveolar protrusion revealed by initial (T1) cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), and whose treatment plan included extraction of maxillary first premolars and retraction of maxillary incisors, were selected and submitted to CBCT examination one month after the end of incisors retraction (T2)...
September 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894547/comparison-of-advansync-and-intermaxillary-elastics-in-the-correction-of-class-ii-malocclusions-a-retrospective-clinical-study
#17
Santhosh Jayachandran, William A Wiltshire, Sandra M Hayasaki, Fabio H S L Pinheiro
INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to compare the skeletal, dentoalveolar, and soft tissue effects of the AdvanSync appliance (Ormco, Glendora, Calif) with intermaxillary elastics in the correction of Class II malocclusions in growing patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using lateral cephalograms of patients taken before and after comprehensive orthodontic treatment; 41 patients consecutively treated with the AdvanSync were compared with 41 similar patients treated with intermaxillary Class II elastics...
December 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894540/effect-of-supplemental-vibrational-force-on-orthodontically-induced-inflammatory-root-resorption-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Andrew T DiBiase, Neil R Woodhouse, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Nicola Johnson, Carmel Slipper, James Grant, Maryam Alsaleh, Martyn T Cobourne
INTRODUCTION: A multicenter parallel 3-arm randomized clinical trial was carried out in 1 university and 2 district hospitals in the United Kingdom to investigate the effect of supplemental vibrational force on orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) during the alignment phase of fixed appliance therapy. METHODS: Eighty-one subjects less than 20 years old with mandibular incisor irregularity undergoing extraction-based fixed-appliance treatment were randomly allocated to supplementary (20 minutes a day) use of an intraoral vibrational device (AcceleDent; OrthoAccel Technologies, Houston, Tex) (n = 29), an identical nonfunctional (sham) device (n = 25), or fixed appliances only (n = 27)...
December 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890226/tissue-engineering-for-vertical-ridge-reconstruction
#19
REVIEW
Neel Patel, Beomjune Kim, Waleed Zaid, Daniel Spagnoli
This article provides an overview of basic tissue engineering principles as they are applied to vertical ridge defects and reconstructive techniques for these types of deficiencies. Presented are multiple clinical cases ranging from office-based dentoalveolar procedures to the more complex reconstruction of postresection mandibular defects. Several different types of regenerative tissue constructs are presented; either used alone or in combination with traditional reconstructive techniques and procedures, such as maxillary sinus augmentation, Le Fort I osteotomy, and microvascular free tissue transfer...
February 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871709/cephalometric-study-of-class-ii-division-1-patients-treated-with-an-extended-duration-reinforced-banded-herbst-appliance-followed-by-fixed-appliances
#20
Travis Tomblyn, Michael Rogers, Lee Andrews, Chris Martin, Timothy Tremont, Erdogan Gunel, Peter Ngan
INTRODUCTION: The Herbst appliance has been used in the treatment of Class II malocclusions with deficient mandibles. Various protocols, including different durations of the orthopedic treatment phase and stepwise advancement of the mandible, have been advocated for increasing the orthopedic effects. The objective of this study was to investigate the skeletal and dental changes in patients treated with a reinforced banded Herbst appliance for an extended duration and fixed appliance therapy...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
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