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Dentoalveolar

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706789/craniometaphyseal-dysplasia-a-review-and-novel-oral-manifestation
#1
K Martin, S Nathwani, R Bunyan
Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia (CMD) is a sclerosing osseous dysplasia characterised by hyperostosis of craniofacial and long bones, resulting in distortion and cranial nerve palsies. We present a case report on the management of a 63 year old female with Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia. This report describes an additional clinical manifestation of hypercementosis, which although well recognised in other sclerosing osseous dysplasias, is not reported in the literature for Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia. We discuss established in vivo studies in mice which link the genetic mutations found in Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia to hypercementosis, and how this report describes the same manifestation in humans...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693407/patterns-of-drugs-prescribed-for-dental-outpatients-in-nigeria-findings-and-implications
#2
Joseph O Fadare, Kazeem A Oshikoya, Obitade S Obimakinde, Abayomi O Sijuade, Jide M Afolayan, Adeyinka A Adeleke, Brian Godman, Damilola O Ojumu
OBJECTIVES: There are concerns with inappropriate prescribing of medicines among dentists especially antimicrobials. It is more concerning if this increases resistance rates. This study aimed to address this by assessing patterns of drugs prescribed for outpatients attending a hospital dental clinic in Nigeria. The findings will be used to plan future interventions, particularly around antimicrobial prescribing, where there are concerns. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Medical records of patients attending the dental clinic of a leading teaching hospital in Nigeria were evaluated...
July 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687467/what-is-the-effect-of-anti-resorptive-drugs-ards-on-the-development-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-mronj-in-osteoporosis-patients-a-systematic-review
#3
Suad Aljohani, Riham Fliefel, Jacob Ihbe, Jan Kühnisch, Michael Ehrenfeld, Sven Otto
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review of the literature to detect the effect of anti-resorptive drugs (ARDs) and their administration characteristics in the development of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) in osteoporosis patients. METHODS: Systematic search in PubMed, Web of Sciences and Cochrane Library was performed for relevant studies to July 2016. Population variables (age, gender, comorbidities, medications, preceding events, number of patients with MRONJ), ARDs and clinical variables were abstracted independently from these articles...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665848/change-in-posterior-pharyngeal-space-after-counterclockwise-rotational-orthognathic-surgery-for-class-ii-dentofacial-deformity-diagnosed-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-based-on-cephalometric-analysis
#4
Woo Shik Jeong, Young Chul Kim, Yoo Sam Chung, Chang Yeol Lee, Jong Woo Choi
Although maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is an orthognathic surgical procedure used to manage obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in individuals who are noncompliant with continuous positive airway pressure therapy, simple MMA encounters problems in terms of aesthetic outcomes in Asian populations with preexisting dentoalveolar protrusion. Our current prospective investigation describes changes in posterior pharyngeal space and aesthetic outcomes after counterclockwise rotational orthognathic surgery, which is known to be quite difficult in terms of the maintenance of the skeletal stability in skeletal class II patients with OSA...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658362/agenesis-of-mandibular-second-premolar-in-patient-with-dental-bimaxillary-protrusion
#5
Carlos Alberto Estevanell Tavares
The present study reports the treatment carried out in a patient with mandibular second premolar agenesis associated with early loss of a deciduous second molar, deep overbite, severe overjet and dentoalveolar bimaxillary protrusion, which led to lip incompetence and a convex facial profile. The main objectives of this treatment were: to eliminate the spaces in mandibular arch, correct overbite, as well as eliminate bimaxillary protrusion and lip incompetence, thus leading to a balanced profile. The case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO) as part of the requirements to obtain the title of BBO diplomate...
March 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658357/evaluation-of-the-rapid-and-slow-maxillary-expansion-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Juliana da S Pereira, Helder B Jacob, Arno Locks, Mauricio Brunetto, Gerson L U Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the dental, dentoalveolar, and skeletal changes occurring right after the rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and slow maxillary expansion (SME) treatment using Haas-type expander. METHODS: All subjects performed cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) before installation of expanders (T1) and right after screw stabilization (T2). Patients who did not follow the research parameters were excluded. The final sample resulted in 21 patients in RME group (mean age of 8...
March 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653055/the-application-of-rapid-prototyping-to-improve-bone-reconstruction-in-immediate-dentoalveolar-restoration-a-case-report
#7
José Carlos Martins da Rosa, Marcos Alexandre Fadanelli, Diego Zimmerman, Ariádene Cristina Pértile de Oliveira Rosa
PURPOSE: This article describes the use of rapid prototyping (RP) for diagnosis, planning, and execution of the reconstruction of hard and soft tissue in socket defects using immediate dentoalveolar restoration (IDR). SUMMARY: In cases of tissue loss in anterior dental areas, esthetic rehabilitation poses a major challenge with respect to treatment planning with the goal of long-term tissue maintenance. The IDR technique consists of immediate reconstruction in a single procedure of bone and soft tissue around implants placed immediately after extraction, and prosthetic rehabilitation...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651921/ultrasound-enhances-dentoalveolar-remodeling-in-an-ex%C3%A2-vivo-orthodontic-ovariectomy-induced-osteoporotic-model
#8
Khuloud S Alhazmi, Tarek El-Bialy, Ahmed R Afify, Leena A Merdad, Ali H Hassan
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on dentoalveolar structures during application of force to a cultured mandible slice taken from an ovariectomized rat model of osteoporosis. Rats were divided based on whether they had ovariectomy and/or LIPUS application into four groups: control osteoporosis group, control normal group, ultrasound-treated osteoporosis group and ultrasound-treated normal group. The mandibles were dissected, sliced and cultured before application of a 0...
June 23, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643923/micro-anatomical-responses-in-periodontal-complexes-of-mice-to-calibrated-orthodontic-forces-on-the-crown
#9
A Pal, L Chen, L Yang, F Yang, B Meng, A H Jheon, S P Ho
OBJECTIVE: Correlating mechanical forces with quantifiable physical changes in the dentoalveolar complex. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Male 6-week C57BL/6 mice (N=3), micro X-ray-computed tomography; post-analysis software to extract physical changes in periodontal ligament (PDL)-space. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Silicone-elastic bands were placed between maxillary molars for 1 week, with the contralateral side as internal control. Average displacements between crowns and roots, and changes in PDL-spaces were evaluated by registering X-ray tomograms of experimental and control hemi-maxillae...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602382/value-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-economic-analyses
#10
Benjamin P Geisler, Yisi D Ji, Zachary S Peacock
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe the state of economic analyses in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of published literature up to 2016 was performed. The inclusion criteria were as follows: English-language articles on economic analyses pertaining to OMS including anesthesia and pain management; dentoalveolar surgery; orthognathic, cleft, and/or obstructive sleep apnea treatment; pathology; reconstruction; temporomandibular disorders; trauma; and other...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601298/the-effect-of-chronic-dental-inflammation-on-development-of-stage-0-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#11
Goknur Topaloglu, Osman Taha Koseoglu, Cigdem Karaca, Kemal Kosemehmetoglu
OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of medication-related osteonecrosis of jaw (MRONJ) is poorly understood. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the effect of chronic dental inflammation on the development of Stage 0 MRONJ based on histopathological findings. METHODS: The study involved patients with a history of bisphosphonate use and an indication for tooth extraction. Before surgery, C-terminal telopeptide test (CTX) values were collected from all patients...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560844/evaluation-of-the-skeletal-and-dental-effects-in-orthodontic-patients-with-maxillary-lateral-incisor-agenesis
#12
Suleyman K Buyuk, Serkan Ozkan, Y Atakan Benkli, Akif Arslan, Ersan Celik
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the transverse dimension of the dentoalveolar and skeletal widths in both unilateral (UMLIA) and bilateral (BMLIA) maxillary lateral incisor agenesis groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample consisted of 59 patients (34 females and 25 males) divided into three groups as UMLIA group (16 patients; 14.94 ± 1.37 years), BMLIA group (21 patients; 14.46 ± 1.53 years) and control group (22 patients; 15...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554458/comparison-of-the-treatment-effects-of-different-rapid-maxillary-expansion-devices-on-the-maxilla-and-the-mandible-part-1-evaluation-of-dentoalveolar-changes
#13
Selin Canan, Neslihan Ebru Şenışık
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the dentoalveolar treatment effects of 3 rapid maxillary expansion (RME) appliances, supported by different tissues, on the maxilla and the mandible. METHODS: Patients were assessed for eligibility, and those who met the requirements and agreed to participate were enrolled in the study. Participants were randomly allocated into 3 groups, depending on the type of expansion. The tooth-borne group (n = 16; ages, 12...
June 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554455/dentoalveolar-and-arch-dimension-changes-in-patients-treated-with-miniplate-anchored-maxillary-protraction
#14
Mohammed H Elnagar, Eman Elshourbagy, Safaa Ghobashy, Mohamed Khedr, Carla A Evans
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate dentoalveolar and arch dimension changes in 2 miniplate-anchored maxillary protraction protocols in relation to an untreated control group using 3-dimensional digital models. METHODS: Thirty growing Class III subjects with maxillary deficiency in the late mixed or early permanent dentition phase were randomly divided into 3 groups. In group 1 (n = 10), patients were treated with skeletally anchored facemasks anchored with miniplates placed at the zygomatic buttress...
June 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527949/microproteome-of-dentoalveolar-tissues
#15
Cristiane R Salmon, Ana Paula O Giorgetti, Adriana F Paes Leme, Romênia R Domingues, Tamara N Kolli, Brian L Foster, Francisco H Nociti
Proteomic analysis of extracellular matrices (ECM) of dentoalveolar tissues can provide insights into developmental, pathological, and reparative processes. However, targeted dissection of mineralized tissues, dental cementum (DC), alveolar bone (AB), and dentin (DE), presents technical difficulties. We demonstrate an approach combining EDTA decalcification and laser capture microdissection (LCM), followed by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), to analyze proteome profiles of these tissues...
May 17, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523246/targeted-presurgical-decompensation-in-patients-with-yaw-dependent-facial-asymmetry
#16
Kyung-A Kim, Ji-Won Lee, Jeong-Ho Park, Byoung-Ho Kim, Hyo-Won Ahn, Su-Jung Kim
Facial asymmetry can be classified into the rolling-dominant type (R-type), translation-dominant type (T-type), yawing-dominant type (Y-type), and atypical type (A-type) based on the distorted skeletal components that cause canting, translation, and yawing of the maxilla and/or mandible. Each facial asymmetry type represents dentoalveolar compensations in three dimensions that correspond to the main skeletal discrepancies. To obtain sufficient surgical correction, it is necessary to analyze the main skeletal discrepancies contributing to the facial asymmetry and then the skeletal-dental relationships in the maxilla and mandible separately...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513894/the-dentoalveolar-prosthesis-a-novel-approach-in-the-reconstruction-of-hard-and-soft-tissue-deficiencies
#17
James K Doll, Peter Barndt, Gerald Grant
A clinical problem commonly encountered by the advanced restorative dentist is a requirement to replace missing teeth and the supporting alveolus in areas adjacent to healthy or manageable dentition. A potential solution could utilize a dentoalveolar prosthesis fabricated on two or more implants in the edentulous area. The implant substructure, or framework, may be cast, milled, or selectively laser melted from a variety of metals. A superstructure, or ceramic overlay incorporating a ceramic or composite resin gingival tissue component, is constructed to fit over the implant substructure and luted to the substructure with resin cement...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496392/differences-in-the-management-of-pediatric-facial-trauma
#18
REVIEW
Tara L Braun, Amy S Xue, Renata S Maricevich
Craniofacial trauma is common in the pediatric population, with most cases limited to soft tissue and dentoalveolar injury. Although facial fractures are relatively rare in children compared with adults, they are often associated with severe injury and cause significant morbidity and disability. Initial evaluation of a child with facial trauma generally involves stabilizing the patient and identifying any severe concomitant injuries before diagnosing and managing facial injuries. The management of pediatric facial fractures is relatively more conservative than that of adults, and nonsurgical management is preferred when possible to prevent the disruption of future growth and development...
May 2017: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488080/comparison-of-two-treatment-strategies-for-the-early-treatment-of-an-anterior-skeletal-open-bite-posterior-bite-block-vertical-pull-chin-cup-pbb-vpc-vs-posterior-bite-block-high-pull-headgear-pbb-hph
#19
Hakan Turkkahraman, Ebru Cetin
PURPOSE: Aim of the present study was to compare the effects of posterior bite block-vertical pull chin cup (PBB-VPC) and posterior bite block-high pull headgear (PBB-HPH) in the early treatment of anterior open bite. METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out using pretreatment (T1) and posttreatment (T2) lateral cephalometric radiographs of 28 patients treated with either PBB-VPC or PBB-HPH and 14 age-matched control patients with anterior open bite. The treatment changes were evaluated with 20 measurements (7 angular and 13 linear)...
July 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486682/do-different-maxillary-expansion-appliances-influence-the-outcomes-of-the-treatment
#20
Muteb Algharbi, Farhan Bazargani, Lillemor Dimberg
Background and objectives: There is no consensus in the literature regarding which rapid maxillary expansion (RME) design or activation rate benefits the patients the most. Therefore, the primary aim of this systematic review was to see whether there is a difference in the skeletal and dentoalveolar effects of different RME appliances in children and growing adolescents. The secondary aim was to see whether these effects are different when using different activation protocols for these appliances...
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
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