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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822580/otologic-skills-training
#1
REVIEW
Gregory J Wiet, Mads Sølvsten Sørensen, Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen
This article presents a summary of the current simulation training for otologic skills. There is a wide variety of educational approaches, assessment tools, and simulators in use, including simple low-cost task trainers to complex computer-based virtual reality systems. A systematic approach to otologic skills training using adult learning theory concepts, such as repeated and distributed practice, self-directed learning, and mastery learning, is necessary for these educational interventions to be effective...
August 16, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821218/establishing-fidelity-of-occupational-performance-coaching
#2
Winnie Dunn, Lauren M Little, Ellen Pope, Anna Wallisch
As the call for evidence-based practices has risen, discussions about the fidelity of those practices have received increased attention. Although research suggests that Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC) is effective, a systematic evaluation of the fidelity of OPC is needed. The purpose of this study was to test fidelity of OPC intervention through study design, training, monitoring, and intervention receipt, and to offer the structure from this study as a guide for other programs of research and practice...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820519/how-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-can-strengthen-findings-and-improve-translation-of-research-into-practice-a-case-study
#3
Nadja Klafke, Cornelia Mahler, Cornelia von Hagens, Michel Wensing, Andreas Schneeweiss, Andreas Müller, Joachim Szecsenyi, Stefanie Joos
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To answer how the planned intervention was performed in routine care, which factors supported or distracted from its implementation, and how key organizational structures have been built and sustained.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Mixed-methods process evaluation.
. SETTING: Two German outpatient cancer clinics.
. PARTICIPANTS: Purposive sampling of 297 recruited patients with gynecologic cancer, their treating oncology nurses, and their interprofessional healthcare team, and the clinical stakeholders of two different outpatient cancer clinics...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816412/motivational-interviewing-to-enhance-treatment-attendance-in-mental-health-settings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Petra Lawrence, Paul Fulbrook, Shawn Somerset, Paula Schulz
INTRODUCTION: The stages of change model suggests that individuals seeking treatment are in the 'preparation' or the 'action' stage of change, which is the desired outcome of successful Motivational Interviewing (MI) interventions. MI is known to enhance treatment attendance among individuals with mental health problems. AIM: This study examined the published research on MI as a pre-treatment to enhance attendance among individuals treatment-seeking and non-treatment seeking for mental health issues...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813257/social-learning-parenting-intervention-research-in-the-era-of-translational-neuroscience
#5
REVIEW
Philip A Fisher, Elizabeth A Skowron
In the decades since social learning parenting interventions emerged, many evidence-based programs have been implemented at scale in community settings, and much research is now focusing on ways to maintain fidelity and impact during the implementation process. Notably, a considerable amount of theoretical confluence has occurred in parenting interventions from social learning, attachment, and other theoretical perspectives, with parent coaching as an example of this new generation of relational interventions...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807892/parent-mediated-intervention-training-delivered-remotely-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-living-outside-of-urban-areas-systematic-review
#6
Dave Parsons, Reinie Cordier, Sharmila Vaz, Hoe C Lee
BACKGROUND: Parent training programs for families living outside of urban areas can be used to improve the social behavior and communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, no review has been conducted to investigate these programs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to (1) systematically review the existing evidence presented by studies on parent-mediated intervention training, delivered remotely for parents having children with ASD and living outside of urban areas; (2) provide an overview of current parent training interventions used with this population; (3) and provide an overview of the method of delivery of the parent training interventions used with this population...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801403/equipping-community-pharmacy-workers-as-agents-for-health-behaviour-change-developing-and-testing-a-theory-based-smoking-cessation-intervention
#7
Liz Steed, Ratna Sohanpal, Wai-Yee James, Carol Rivas, Sandra Jumbe, Angel Chater, Adam Todd, Elizabeth Edwards, Virginia Macneil, Fraser Macfarlane, Trisha Greenhalgh, Chris Griffiths, Sandra Eldridge, Stephanie Taylor, Robert Walton
OBJECTIVE: To develop a complex intervention for community pharmacy staff to promote uptake of smoking cessation services and to increase quit rates. DESIGN: Following the Medical Research Council framework, we used a mixed-methods approach to develop, pilot and then refine the intervention. METHODS: Phase I: We used information from qualitative studies in pharmacies, systematic literature reviews and the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation-Behaviour framework to inform design of the initial version of the intervention...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797933/simulation-debriefing-based-on-principles-of-transfer-of-learning-a-pilot-study
#8
Sandra Johnston, Fiona Coyer, Robyn Nash
Upon completion of undergraduate nursing courses, new graduates are expected to transition seamlessly into practice. Education providers face challenges in the preparation of undergraduate nurses due to increasing student numbers and decreasing availability of clinical placement sites. High fidelity patient simulation is an integral component of nursing curricula as an adjunct to preparation for clinical placement. Debriefing after simulation is an area where the underlying structure of problems can consciously be explored...
August 3, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797270/implementing-the-teen-marijuana-check-up-in-schools-a-study-protocol
#9
Bryan Hartzler, Aaron R Lyon, Denise D Walker, Lauren Matthews, Kevin M King, Kathryn E McCollister
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse is now encountered in settings beyond addiction specialty care, with schools a point-of-contact for student access to behavioral health services. Marijuana is a leading impetus for adolescent treatment admissions despite declining risk perception, for which the Teen Marijuana Check-Up (TMCU)-a tailored adaptation of motivational enhancement therapy-offers an efficacious service option. To bridge the knowledge gap concerning effective and affordable technical assistance strategies for implementing empirically supported services, the described trial will test such a strategy to facilitate school-based TMCU implementation...
August 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780558/active-play-in-after-school-programmes-development-of-an-intervention-and-description-of-a-matched-pair-cluster-randomised-trial-assessing-physical-activity-play-in-after-school-programmes
#10
Kirsti Riiser, Sølvi Helseth, Hanna Ellingsen, Bjørg Fallang, Knut Løndal
INTRODUCTION: Interventions delivered in after-school programmes (ASPs) have the potential to become a means of ensuring adequate physical activity among schoolchildren. This requires a motivational climate, allowing for self-determined play. If trained, ASP staff may represent a valuable resource for supporting such play. Increasing knowledge and supportive skills among ASP staff may also potentially increase their motivation for work. The purpose of this article is to describe the development of the 'Active Play in ASP' intervention, which aims to promote physical activity among first graders attending ASP, and to present a protocol for a matched-pair cluster-randomised trial to evaluate the intervention...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780544/using-mixed-methods-to-assess-fidelity-of-delivery-and-its-influencing-factors-in-a-complex-self-management-intervention-for-people-with-osteoarthritis-and-low-back-pain
#11
Elaine Toomey, James Matthews, Deirdre A Hurley
OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: Despite an increasing awareness of the importance of fidelity of delivery within complex behaviour change interventions, it is often poorly assessed. This mixed methods study aimed to establish the fidelity of delivery of a complex self-management intervention and explore the reasons for these findings using a convergent/triangulation design. SETTING: Feasibility trial of the Self-management of Osteoarthritis and Low back pain through Activity and Skills (SOLAS) intervention (ISRCTN49875385), delivered in primary care physiotherapy...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776432/managing-student-behavior-in-dual-immersion-classrooms-a-study-of-class-wide-function-related-intervention-teams
#12
Blake D Hansen, Paul Caldarella, Leslie Williams, Howard P Wills
Classroom management in dual immersion classrooms includes unique challenges. The teacher must instruct and correct in the L2 language, in which students are beginning learners, and effective classroom management strategies appropriate to the L2 context. Class-Wide Function-Related Intervention Teams (CW-FIT) is a positive classroom management program that teaches social skills and uses group contingencies to improve behavior. The present study examined the ability of French immersion teachers to implement CW-FIT in the L2, including the effects of CW-FIT on teacher praise and reprimand rates and as well as on students' classroom behavior...
September 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770099/balance-right-in-multiple-sclerosis-brims-a-guided-self-management-programme-to-reduce-falls-and-improve-quality-of-life-balance-and-mobility-in-people-with-secondary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-a-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
H Gunn, J Andrade, L Paul, L Miller, S Creanor, C Green, J Marsden, P Ewings, M Berrow, J Vickery, A Barton, B Marshall, J Zajicek, J A Freeman
BACKGROUND: Impaired mobility is a cardinal feature of multiple sclerosis (MS) and is rated by people with MS as their highest priority. By the secondary progressive phase, balance, mobility and physical activity levels are significantly compromised; an estimated 70% of people with secondary progressive MS fall regularly. Our ongoing research has systematically developed 'Balance Right in MS' (BRiMS), an innovative, manualised 13-week guided self-management programme tailored to the needs of people with MS, designed to improve safe mobility and minimise falls...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768601/translating-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-from-bench-to-bedside-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-cognitive-remediation-in-research-as-compared-to-clinical-settings
#14
Alice Medalia, Matthew D Erlich, Charlotte Soumet-Leman, Alice M Saperstein
Cognitive remediation (CR) research typically addresses internal validity, and few studies consider CR in a real-world context. This study evaluated the fit between the program conditions and treatment model in research and clinical settings, with the goal of informing future research on the contextual challenges associated with the implementation of CR. Data was drawn from an initiative by New York State's Office of Mental Health (OMH), to implement CR programs for adults with Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in 16 state operated outpatient clinics...
July 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762607/measures-of-fidelity-of-delivery-of-and-engagement-with-complex-face-to-face-health-behaviour-change-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-measure-quality
#15
Holly Walton, Aimee Spector, Ildiko Tombor, Susan Michie
PURPOSE: Understanding the effectiveness of complex, face-to-face health behaviour change interventions requires high-quality measures to assess fidelity of delivery and engagement. This systematic review aimed to (1) identify the types of measures used to monitor fidelity of delivery of, and engagement with, complex, face-to-face health behaviour change interventions and (2) describe the reporting of psychometric and implementation qualities. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched, systematic reviews and reference lists were hand-searched, and 21 experts were contacted to identify articles...
August 1, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762305/promoting-community-conversations-about-research-to-end-suicide-learning-and-behavioural-outcomes-of-a-training-of-trainers-model-to-facilitate-grassroots-community-health-education-to-address-indigenous-youth-suicide-prevention
#16
Lisa Wexler, Lucas Trout, Suzanne Rataj, Tanya Kirk, Roberta Moto, Diane McEachern
Alaska Native (AN) youth suicide remains a substantial and recalcitrant health disparity, especially in rural/remote communities. Promoting Community Conversations About Research to End Suicide (PC CARES) is a community health intervention that responds to the need for culturally responsive and evidence-supported prevention practice, using a grassroots approach to spark multilevel and community-based efforts for suicide prevention. This paper describes theoretical and practical considerations of the approach, and assesses the feasibility and preliminary learning and behavioural outcomes of the training-of-trainers model...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758948/polycomb-repressor-complex-2-in-genomic-instability-and-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Zoe Veneti, Kalliopi K Gkouskou, Aristides G Eliopoulos
Polycomb repressor complexes PRC1 and PRC2 regulate chromatin compaction and gene expression, and are widely recognized for their fundamental contributions to developmental processes. Herein, we summarize the existing evidence and molecular mechanisms linking PRC-mediated epigenetic aberrations to genomic instability and malignancy, with a particular focus on the role of deregulated PRC2 in tumor suppressor gene expression, the DNA damage response, and the fidelity of DNA replication. We also discuss some of the recent advances in the development of pharmacological and dietary interventions affecting PRC2, which point to promising applications for the prevention and management of human malignancies...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757892/maintaining-treatment-fidelity-of-mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-intervention-for-alcohol-dependence-a-randomized-controlled-trial-experience
#18
Aleksandra E Zgierska, Joshua Shapiro, Cindy A Burzinski, Faith Lerner, Victoria Goodman-Strenski
BACKGROUND: Treatment fidelity is essential to methodological rigor of clinical trials evaluating behavioral interventions such as Mindfulness Meditation (MM). However, procedures for monitoring and maintenance of treatment fidelity are inconsistently applied, limiting the strength of such research. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation and findings related to fidelity monitoring of the Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention for Alcohol Dependence (MBRP-A) intervention in a 26-week randomized controlled trial...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756301/effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-delivered-by-non-psychologists-on-low-back-pain-and-disability-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Geoff P Bostick
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Psychological treatments delivered by non-psychologists have been proposed as a way to increase access to care to address important psychological barriers to recovery in people with low back pain (LBP). PURPOSE: Synthesize randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assess the effectiveness of psychological interventions delivered by non-psychologists in reducing pain intensity and disability in adults with LBP, compared to usual care. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review without meta-analysis METHODS: RCTs including adult patients with all types of musculoskeletal LBP were eligible...
July 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755042/replicating-evidence-based-practices-with-flexibility-for-perinatal-home-visiting-by-paraprofessionals
#20
Erin J Rotheram-Fuller, Dallas Swendeman, Kimberly D Becker, Eric Daleiden, Bruce Chorpita, Danielle M Harris, Neil T Mercer, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
Introduction Strategies are needed to improve the efficacy of paraprofessional home visitors for pregnant women in the United States. This study evaluates the maternal and child outcomes when evidence-based practices (EBP) are replicated with flexibility, rather than fidelity to a manualized intervention. Methods Pregnant mothers (N = 203) in five clinics were recruited in the waiting rooms and randomized to standard clinic care as the control condition (n = 104) or standard care plus home visiting (n = 99)...
July 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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