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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220633/developing-adaptive-treatment-strategies-to-address-suicidal-risk-in-college-students-a-pilot-sequential-multiple-assignment-randomized-trial-smart
#1
Jacqueline Pistorello, David Jobes, Scott Compton, Nadia Samad Locey, Joseph C Walloch, Robert Gallop, Josephine S Au, Samantha K Noose, Maria Young, Jacquelyn Johnson, Yani Dickens, Patricia Chatham, Tami Jeffcoat, Georgia Dalto, Spondita Goswami
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study investigated the potential to utilize adaptive treatment strategies for treating moderate to severe suicidal risk among college students. This paper will describe the unique design and report on feasibility and acceptability findings. METHODS: A two-stage Sequential Multiple Assignment Randomized Trial (SMART) was conducted: In Stage 1, 62 suicidal college students were randomized to either a suicide-focused or a treatment-as-usual condition (4-8 weeks)...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218808/the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-older-people-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-the-ipopp-pilot-trial-protocol
#2
E L Healey, C Jinks, N E Foster, C A Chew-Graham, T Pincus, L Hartshorne, K Cooke, E Nicholls, J Proctor, M Lewis, S Dent, S Wathall, E M Hay, J McBeth
INTRODUCTION: This pilot trial will inform the design and methods of a future full-scale randomized controlled trial (RCT) and examine the feasibility, acceptability and fidelity of the Increasing Physical activity in Older People with chronic Pain (iPOPP) intervention, a healthcare assistant (HCA)-supported intervention to promote walking in older adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain in a primary care setting. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The iPOPP study is an individually randomized, multicentre, three-parallel-arm pilot RCT...
December 8, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214975/home-based-health-promotion-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-the-homehealth-intervention-development-and-feasibility-rct
#3
Kate Walters, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Federico Ricciardi, Rachael Hunter, Ann Liljas, Jill Manthorpe, Vari Drennan, John Wood, Claire Goodman, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: Mild frailty or pre-frailty is common and yet is potentially reversible. Preventing progression to worsening frailty may benefit individuals and lower health/social care costs. However, we know little about effective approaches to preventing frailty progression. OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop an evidence- and theory-based home-based health promotion intervention for older people with mild frailty. (2) To assess feasibility, costs and acceptability of (i) the intervention and (ii) a full-scale clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212345/a-pilot-investigation-of-an-ios-based-app-for-toilet-training-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Daniel W Mruzek, Stephen McAleavey, Whitney A Loring, Eric Butter, Tristram Smith, Erin McDonnell, Lynne Levato, Courtney Aponte, Rebekah P Travis, Rachel E Aiello, Cora M Taylor, Jonathan W Wilkins, Patricia Corbett-Dick, Dianne M Finkelstein, Alyssa M York, Katherine Zanibbi
We developed an iOS-based app with a transmitter/disposable sensor and corresponding manualized intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder. The app signaled the onset of urination, time-stamped accidents for analysis, reminded parents to reinforce intervals of continence, provided a visual outlet for parents to communicate reinforcement, and afforded opportunity for timely feedback from clinicians. We compared this intervention with an intervention that uses standard behavioral treatment in a pilot randomized controlled trial of 33 children with autism spectrum disorder aged 3-6 years with urinary incontinence...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207983/protocol-for-project-impact-improving-millions-hearts-for-provider-and-community-transformation-a-quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-an-integrated-electronic-health-record-and-community-health-worker-intervention-study-to-improve-hypertension-management-among
#5
Priscilla M Lopez, Jennifer Zanowiak, Keith Goldfeld, Katarzyna Wyka, Ahmad Masoud, Susan Beane, Rashi Kumar, Phoebe Laughlin, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Lorna Thorpe, Nadia Islam
BACKGROUND: The Million Hearts® initiative aims to prevent heart disease and stroke in the United States by mobilizing public and private sectors around a core set of objectives, with particular attention on improving blood pressure control. South Asians in particular have disproportionately high rates of hypertension and face numerous cultural, linguistic, and social barriers to accessing healthcare. Interventions utilizing Health information technology (HIT) and community health worker (CHW)-led patient coaching have each been demonstrated to be effective at advancing Million Hearts® goals, yet few studies have investigated the potential impact of integrating these strategies into a clinical-community linkage initiative...
December 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205739/the-use-of-psychiatry-focused-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-search-and-review
#6
REVIEW
Amanda D Vandyk, Michelle Lalonde, Sabrina Merali, Erica Wright, Irmajean Bajnok, Barbara Davies
Evidence on the use of simulation to teach psychiatry and mental health (including addiction) content is emerging, yet no summary of the implementation processes or associated outcomes exists. The aim of this study was to systematically search and review empirical literature on the use of psychiatry-focused simulation in undergraduate nursing education. Objectives were to (i) assess the methodological quality of existing evidence on the use of simulation to teach mental health content to undergraduate nursing students, (ii) describe the operationalization of the simulations, and (iii) summarize the associated quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202867/testing-the-4rs-and-2ss-multiple-family-group-intervention-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Mary Acri, Emily Hamovitch, Maria Mini, Elene Garay, Claire Connolly, Mary McKay
BACKGROUND: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a major mental health concern and highly prevalent among children living in poverty-impacted communities. Despite that treatments for ODD are among the most effective, few children living in poverty receive these services due to substantial barriers to access, as well as difficulties in the uptake and sustained adoption of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in community settings. The purpose of this study is to examine implementation processes that impact uptake of an evidence-based practice for childhood ODD, and the impact of a Clinic Implementation Team (CIT)-driven structured adaptation to enhance its fit within the public mental health clinic setting...
December 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200034/research-intervention-fidelity-tips-to-improve-internal-validity-of-your-intervention-studies
#8
Sandra L Siedlecki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199843/motivational-interviewing-enhancement-and-brief-interventions-over-the-last-decade-a-review-of-reviews-of-efficacy-and-effectiveness
#9
Carlo C DiClemente, Catherine M Corno, Meagan M Graydon, Alicia E Wiprovnick, Daniel J Knoblach
Motivation is a well-established predictor of recovery for addictive behaviors. Treatments aimed at changing substance use and gambling frequently employ motivational enhancing strategies, based in the principles of Motivational Interviewing (MI). Evidence for these approaches across addictive behaviors does not always paint a clear picture. The purpose of this review was to examine existing reviews of motivational-based interventions for various substances of abuse and gambling in the last decade to gain a deeper understanding of the current evidence and implications for future research and clinical practice...
December 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199433/a-systematic-review-of-parent-implemented-functional-communication-training-for-children-with-asd
#10
Stephanie Gerow, Shanna Hagan-Burke, Mandy Rispoli, Emily Gregori, Rose Mason, Jennifer Ninci
Supporting parents in reducing challenging behavior of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) requires the identification of effective, feasible, and sustainable interventions. Functional communication training (FCT) is one of the most well-established interventions in the behavioral literature and is used increasingly by parents. However, there is a need for additional evaluation of the literature related to parent-implemented FCT. In the present review, we identified 26 peer-reviewed studies on parent-implemented FCT...
December 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194392/a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-promote-healthy-menu-items-for-children-the-kids-choice-restaurant-program
#11
Guadalupe X Ayala, Iana A Castro, Julie L Pickrel, Shih-Fan Lin, Christine B Williams, Hala Madanat, Hee-Jin Jun, Michelle Zive
Evidence indicates that restaurant-based interventions have the potential to promote healthier purchasing and improve the nutrients consumed. This study adds to this body of research by reporting the results of a trial focused on promoting the sale of healthy child menu items in independently owned restaurants. Eight pair-matched restaurants that met the eligibility criteria were randomized to a menu-only versus a menu-plus intervention condition. Both of the conditions implemented new healthy child menu items and received support for implementation for eight weeks...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194181/feasibility-of-a-skills-based-group-reintegration-workshop-for-oef-oif-veterans-step-home
#12
Catherine Brawn Fortier, Alexandra Kenna, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor, Jennifer Fonda, Laura K Levin, Colleen Hursh, Hannah Franz, William P Milberg, Regina E McGlinchey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of a newly developed reintegration workshop for Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans that is based on an evidence-based rehabilitation program shown to be effective in treating mild traumatic brain injury-related symptoms in civilians. Underutilization and resistance to mental health treatment remain a significant problem for OEF/OIF Veterans. Innovative, integrative, transdiagnostic, and acceptable interventions are needed, particularly for this heterogeneous group...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193743/development-of-a-fidelity-scale-for-danish-specialized-early-interventions-service
#13
Marianne Melau, Nikolai Albert, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of the Specialized Early Intervention (SEI) treatment in Denmark, the OPUS treatment, has in a randomized clinical trial proved to be very effective compared to treatment as usual, and the dissemination of SEI services is increasing in Denmark. A prerequisite for upholding positive effects along with creating new teams and preserving critical components is to ensure fidelity to the model. Currently there is no Danish fidelity scale for SEI services. AIM: To establish a fidelity scale for SEI teams, in a brief and easily manageable form, for the use of evaluating and assessing the critical components in Danish SEI services...
November 28, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193242/a-peer-learning-intervention-targeting-newly-graduated-nurses-a-feasibility-study-with-a-descriptive-design-based-on-the-medical-research-council-framework
#14
Ylva Pålsson, Maria Engström, Christine Leo Swenne, Gunilla Mårtensson
AIMS: To describe the feasibility of a peer learning intervention targeting newly graduated nurses. Feasibility was tested concerning consistency of the theoretical description of peer learning with empirical findings in a new context, compliance and acceptability, as well as usability of a questionnaire measuring the intended future outcome variables. BACKGROUND: Newly graduated nurses who meet, socialize and share experiences have described supporting each other's ability to cope with stress...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191117/addressing-intervention-fidelity-within-physical-therapy-research-and-clinical-practice
#15
Elaine Toomey, Wendy Hardeman
Intervention fidelity is a key component of the design and conduct of physical therapy research, defined as "the methodological strategies used to enhance and monitor the reliability and validity of behavioral interventions." This includes enhancing and assessing the extent to which an intervention is implemented as intended by its developers, including how they envisage the participants or patients to interact with the intervention. The authors of this Viewpoint focus predominantly on the fidelity of intervention delivery; highlight the importance of intervention fidelity for the physical therapy profession and its relevance for both physical therapy researchers and practitioners; and explore potential barriers to enhancing and assessing the fidelity of intervention delivery in physical therapy research...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187095/a-systematic-narrative-review-of-effects-of-community-based-intervention-on-rates-of-organ-donor-registration
#16
Sarah Elizabeth Golding, Mark Cropley
BACKGROUND: The demand for organ donation is increasing worldwide. One possible way of increasing the pool of potential posthumous donors is to encourage more members of the general public to join an organ donor registry. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of psychological interventions designed to increase the number of individuals in the community who register as organ donors. METHODS: PsycINFO and PubMed databases were searched...
September 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186137/evaluation-of-the-implementation-fidelity-of-the-seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention-intervention-in-kaya-health-district-burkina-faso
#17
Rachidatou Compaoré, Maurice Wambi Evariste Yameogo, Tieba Millogo, Halima Tougri, Seni Kouanda
BACKGROUND: Burkina Faso implemented the seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) in 2014 in seven pilot health districts, following the new recommendation by the WHO in 2012 for the prevention of the disease in children under five years old, for areas of highly seasonal malaria transmission.The objective of this study was to assess the implementation fidelity of the seasonal malaria chemoprevention strategy in one of the districts, Kaya Health District. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a case study, with a quantitative and qualitative mixed methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183924/is-there-sufficient-evidence-regarding-signage-based-stair-use-interventions-a-sequential-meta-analysis
#18
Adrian Bauman, Karen Milton, Maina Kariuki, Karla Fedel, Mary Lewicka
OBJECTIVE: The proliferation of studies using motivational signs to promote stair use continues unabated, with their oft-cited potential for increasing population-level physical activity participation. This study examined all stair use promotional signage studies since 1980, calculating pre-estimates and post-estimates of stair use. The aim of this project was to conduct a sequential meta-analysis to pool intervention effects, in order to determine when the evidence base was sufficient for population-wide dissemination...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179724/intervention-fidelity-in-the-definitive-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-healthy-lifestyles-programme-help-trial-findings-from-the-process-evaluation
#19
Jenny Lloyd, Sarah Dean, Siobhan Creanor, Charles Abraham, Melvyn Hillsdon, Emma Ryan, Katrina M Wyatt
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP) was a novel school-located intervention for 9-10 year olds, designed to prevent obesity by changing patterns of child behaviour through the creation of supportive school and home environments using dynamic and creative delivery methods. This paper reports on both the quantitative and qualitative data regarding the implementation of the HeLP intervention in the definitive cluster randomised controlled trial, which was part of the wider process evaluation...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175812/the-role-of-transfer-in-designing-games-and-simulations-for-health-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Derek A Kuipers, Gijs Terlouw, Bard O Wartena, Job Tb van 't Veer, Jelle T Prins, Jean Pierre En Pierie
BACKGROUND: The usefulness and importance of serious games and simulations in learning and behavior change for health and health-related issues are widely recognized. Studies have addressed games and simulations as interventions, mostly in comparison with their analog counterparts. Numerous complex design choices have to be made with serious games and simulations for health, including choices that directly contribute to the effects of the intervention. One of these decisions is the way an intervention is expected to lead to desirable transfer effects...
November 24, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
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