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Simulation medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430115/a-systematic-review-of-3-d-printing-in-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-diseases
#1
Zhonghua Sun, Shen Yuan Lee
OBJECTIVE: The application of 3-D printing has been increasingly used in medicine, with research showing many applications in cardiovascular disease. This systematic review analyzes those studies published about the applications of 3-D printed, patient-specific models in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. METHODS: A search of PubMed/Medline and Scopus databases was performed to identify studies investigating the 3-D printing in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases...
April 10, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421176/distributed-learning-revitalizing-anesthesiology-training-in-resource-limited-ethiopia
#2
Krupa B Patel, Morgan Dooley, Ananya Abate, Vanessa Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has a significant paucity of available health-care workers. Despite the increasing number of medical schools, there are not enough physician instructors. Furthermore, availability and standardization of postgraduate training are lacking. Modalities of e-learning have been shown to be successful when used to impart medical education in other resource-limited countries. The Emory University and Addis Ababa University (AAU) Departments of Anesthesiology have formed a collaboration with the intent of improving the AAU Anesthesiology residency program, one of two postgraduate training programs for anesthesiology in Ethiopia...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420914/simulation-training-using-cadaver-sheep-chest-in-pleuroscopy-a-step-towards-skills-enhancement
#3
Talha Mahmud, Tajwar Nasir, Muhammad Saqib, Muhammad Aasim, Nasir Siddique
OBJECTIVE: For assessing the use of if simulation training on animal cadavers as a useful tool for training in pleuroscopy. METHODS: The email-based cross-sectional study was conducted in December 2014 at Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan, and comprised respiratory physicians and trainees after their participation in a two-day hands-on training course on pleuroscopy and pleural medical procedures. The responses were analysed and the responses of physicians and trainees were compared...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413632/is-in-vivo-laparoscopic-simulation-learning-a-step-forward-in-the-undergraduate-surgical-education
#4
Panteleimon Pantelidis, Michail Sideris, Georgios Tsoulfas, Efstratia-Maria Georgopoulou, Ismini Tsagkaraki, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Georgios Stagias, Nikolaos Psychalakis, Parmenion Tsitsopoulos, Thanos Athanasiou, Georgios Zografos, Apostolos Papalois
BACKGROUND: Essentials Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases - ESMSC is an International Combined Applied Surgical Science and Wet Lab course addressed at the Undergraduate level. Laparoscopic Skills is a fundamental element of Surgical Education and various Simulation-Based Learning (SBL) models have been endorsed. This study aims to explore if there is any significant difference in delegates' performance depending on whether they completed In Vivo module prior to the equivalent in the laparoscopic simulator...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409648/assessment-of-simulated-emergency-scenarios-are-trained-observers-necessary
#5
Juliane Noveanu, Felix Amsler, Wolfgang Ummenhofer, Thomas von Wyl, Mathias Zuercher
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based medical training is associated with superior educational outcomes and improved cost efficiency. Self- and peer-assessment may be a cost-effective and flexible alternative to expert-led assessment. We compared accuracy of self- and peer-assessment of untrained raters using basic evaluation tools to expert assessment using advanced validation tools including validated questionnaires and post hoc video-based analysis. METHODS: Twenty-eight simulated emergency airway management scenarios were observed and video-recorded for further assessment...
April 14, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408272/successful-management-of-a-neck-hematoma-following-simulation-training
#6
Marie-Ève Bélanger, Issam Tanoubi, Mihai Georgescu, Roger Perron, Arnaud Robitaille, Marie-Pierre Charron, Pierre Drolet
Simulation-based education is gaining widespread acceptance in many medical specialties as an effective method to teach technical and non-technical skills. The ultimate goal of simulation is to improve health care and patient safety. Boet et al. [1] published a review on simulation-based crisis resources management (CRM) teaching, looking for evidence that it can lead to improved workplace practices and patient safety. Amongst hundreds of studies pertaining to CRM, he found only nine that were relevant, and only one that showed reduced mortality...
April 10, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405926/the-use-of-theatre-in-medical-education-in-the-emergency-cases-school-an-appealing-and-widely-accessible-way-of-learning
#7
Christodoulos Keskinis, Vasileios Bafitis, Panagiota Karailidou, Christina Pagonidou, Panteleimon Pantelidis, Alexandros Rampotas, Michail Sideris, Georgios Tsoulfas, Dimitrios Stakos
INTRODUCTION: Theatre models in medical education have been used worldwide in order to train medical students and graduates in managing various situations. However, the literature reports little regarding its appeal to trainees. We conducted a medical seminar, entitled Emergency Cases School, which employed such techniques. Actors simulated the actions of doctors and patients involved in various emergency cases, in front of a large audience, in a specially modified theatre hall which resembled the emergency room environment...
April 12, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405409/effects-of-communication-skill-training-cst-based-on-spikes-for-insurance-covered-pharmacy-pharmacists-to-interact-with-simulated-cancer-patients
#8
Manako Hanya, Yoshitake Kanno, Junko Akasaki, Keiko Abe, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Hiroyuki Kamei
BACKGROUND: With the development of pharmacotherapy and radiotherapy, cancer treatment is being shifted from surgical to outpatient services, consequently increasing insurance-covered pharmacies' frequency of dealing with cancer patients. As the psychology of these patients is complex, it is necessary for pharmacists to educate them in consideration of their cognitive/medical and psychosocial aspects. This study analyzed cancer patient management by pharmacists working in such pharmacies and their communication skills before and after communication skill training based on SPIKES, a six-step protocol for delivering bad news, to confirm the usefulness of such training...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379935/simulation-fellowship-programs-an-international-survey-of-program-directors
#9
Brenda Natal, Demian Szyld, Scott Pasichow, Zia Bismilla, Jonathan Pirie, Adam Cheng
PURPOSE: To report on the evolution of simulation-based training (SBT) by identifying the composition and infrastructure of existing simulation fellowship programs, describing the current training practices, disclosing existing program barriers, and highlighting opportunities for standardization. METHOD: Investigators conducted a cross-sectional survey study among English-speaking simulation fellowship program directors (September 2014-September 2015). They identified fellowships through academic/institutional Web sites, peer-reviewed literature, Web-based search engines, and snowball sampling...
April 4, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379085/can-children-acting-as-simulated-patients-contribute-to-scoring-of-student-performance-in-an-osce
#10
Jonathan C Darling, Rebecca J M Bardgett, Matthew Homer
BACKGROUND: The voice of the child is increasingly recognized as important, as summed up in the Department of Health report "No decision about me, without me". In medical education, however, the child's voice is little heard: often in a pediatric OSCE, the examiner assigns a mark for the child. AIM: To explore whether children can contribute meaningfully to summative scoring of student performance. METHODS: We studied this in two phases: first we compared child scores (CSs) to examiner predictions of the child scores (EPCS), and other simulated patient (SP) scores within a single exam...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377942/an-evaluation-of-ca-1-residents-adherence-to-a-standardized-handoff-checklist
#11
Madeline C Heck, Peter Huges, Mojca Konia
BACKGROUND: Poor-quality handoffs are a significant cause of preventable medical errors and adverse events. Handoff checklists improve handoffs but adherence to these tools is often inconsistent. In our study we aimed to investigate the effects of simulated handoff workshop and clinical instruction on resident handoff quality. METHODS: A three-week pre-education intervention observation period of handoffs was conducted to assess the deficits, variability, and common practice in handoffs at the University of Minnesota Fairview Hospital...
January 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377137/hazards-and-incidents-detection-and-learning-in-radiation-medicine-a-comparison-of-2-educational-interventions
#12
Robert Thompson, Yilan Lu, Marc Potvin, Jordan Holmes, Lisa Di Prospero, Brian Keller, Ewa Szumacher, Brian Liszewski, Pamela Catton, Meredith Giuliani, Bethany Pitcher, Melania Pintilie, Jean-Pierre Bissonnette
PURPOSE: Interprofessional, educational live simulations were compared with group discussion-based exercises in terms of their ability to improve radiation medicine trainees' ability to detect hazards and incidents and understand behaviors that may prevent them. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Trainees and recent graduates of radiation therapy, medical physics, and radiation oncology programs were recruited and randomized to either a simulation-based or group discussion-based training intervention...
February 27, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375898/virtual-reality-compared-with-bench-top-simulation-in-the-acquisition-of-arthroscopic-skill-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Daniel Banaszek, Daniel You, Justues Chang, Michael Pickell, Daniel Hesse, Wilma M Hopman, Daniel Borschneck, Davide Bardana
BACKGROUND: Work-hour restrictions as set forth by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and other governing bodies have forced training programs to seek out new learning tools to accelerate acquisition of both medical skills and knowledge. As a result, competency-based training has become an important part of residency training. The purpose of this study was to directly compare arthroscopic skill acquisition in both high-fidelity and low-fidelity simulator models and to assess skill transfer from either modality to a cadaveric specimen, simulating intraoperative conditions...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374350/teaching-the-basics-development-and-validation-of-a-distal-radius-reduction-and-casting-model
#14
Mark A Seeley, Peter D Fabricant, J Todd R Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of reduced pediatric distal radius fractures redisplace, resulting in further treatment. Two major modifiable risk factors for loss of reduction are reduction adequacy and cast quality. Closed reduction and immobilization of distal radius fractures is an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education residency milestone. Teaching and assessing competency could be improved with a life-like simulation training tool. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Our goal was to develop and validate a realistic distal radius fracture reduction and casting simulator as determined by (1) a questionnaire regarding the "realism" of the model and (2) the quantitative assessments of reduction time, residual angulation, and displacement...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367390/pediatric-motor-vehicle-pedestrian-accident-a-simulation-scenario-for-emergency-medicine-trainees
#15
Sarah Mathieson, Kerry-Lynn Williams, Adam Dubrowski
Simulation-based medical education is an evolving field that allows trainees to practice skills in a safe environment with no risk to patients. Recently, technology-enhanced simulation for emergency medicine learners has been shown to have favorable effects on learner knowledge and patient outcomes. In this report, a human patient simulator is used to familiarize emergency medicine trainees with the presentation and management of a pediatric motor vehicle-pedestrian accident is described.
February 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365233/an-interprofessional-learning-workshop-for-mammography-and-sonography-students-focusing-on-breast-cancer-care-and-management-via-simulation-a-pilot-study
#16
Eileen M Giles, Nayana Parange, Bronwyn Knight
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The literature surrounding interprofessional education claims that students who learn with, from, and about one another in well-designed interprofessional programs will practice together collaboratively upon graduation, given the skills to do so. The objective of this study was to examine attitudes to interprofessional practice before and after an interprofessional learning (IPL) activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 postgraduate medical imaging students attended a week-long mammography workshop...
March 29, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365188/implementation-and-assessment-of-a-training-course-for-residents-in-neonatology-and-pediatric-emergency-medicine
#17
D Brossier, A Bellot, F Villedieu, L Fazilleau, J Brouard, B Guillois
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Residents must balance patient care and the ongoing acquisition of medical knowledge. With increasing clinical responsibilities and patient overload, medical training is often left aside. In 2010, we designed and implemented a training course in neonatology and pediatric emergency medicine for residents in pediatrics, in order to improve their medical education. The course was made of didactic sessions and several simulation-based seminars for each year of residency...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364975/existing-and-future-educational-needs-in-graduate-and-postgraduate-education
#18
Ian Eardley, Yacov Reisman, Sue Goldstein, Andrew Kramer, John Dean, Eli Coleman
INTRODUCTION: This review was designed to make recommendations on future educational needs, principles of curricular development, and how the International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) should address the need to enhance and promote human sexuality education around the world. AIM: To explore the ways in which graduate and postgraduate medical education in human sexuality has evolved and is currently delivered. METHODS: We reviewed existing literature concerning sexuality education, curriculum development, learning strategies, educational formats, evaluation of programs, evaluation of students, and faculty development...
April 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362531/comparison-between-simulation-based-training-and-lecture-based-education-in-teaching-situation-awareness-a-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Alfredo Lee Chang, Andrew A Dym, Carla Venegas-Borsellino, Maneesha Bangar, Massoud Kazzi, Dmitry Lisenenkov, Nida Qadir, Adam Keene, Lewis Ari Eisen
RATIONALE: Situation awareness has been defined as the perception of the elements in the environment within volumes of time and space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status in the near future. Intensivists often make time-sensitive critical decisions, and loss of situation awareness can lead to errors. It has been shown that simulation-based training is superior to lecture-based training for some critical scenarios. Because the methods of training to improve situation awareness have not been well studied in the medical field, we compared the impact of simulation vs...
April 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355934/simulation-based-trauma-education-for-medical-students-a-review-of-literature
#20
Alicia S Borggreve, Joost M R Meijer, Henk W R Schreuder, Olle Ten Cate
BACKGROUND: Medical students often do not feel prepared to manage emergency situations after graduation. They experience a lack of practical skills and show significant deficits in cognitive performance to assess and stabilize trauma patients. Most reports in the literature about simulation-based education pertain to postgraduate training. Simulation-based trauma education (SBTE) in undergraduate medical education could improve confidence and performance of recently graduated doctors in trauma resuscitation...
March 30, 2017: Medical Teacher
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