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Simulation medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667466/evaluation-of-a-modified-16-item-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-scale-ripls-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses
#1
Tzu-Chieh Yu, Tanisha Jowsey, Marcus Henning
The Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was developed to assess undergraduate readiness for engaging in interprofessional education (IPE). It has become an accepted and commonly used instrument. To determine utility of a modified 16-item RIPLS instrument, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed. Data used were collected from a pre- and post-intervention study involving 360 New Zealand undergraduate students from one university. Just over half of the participants were enrolled in medicine (51%) while the remainder were in pharmacy (27%) and nursing (22%)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665867/ultrasim-ultrasound-in-trauma-simulation
#2
Devon McLean, Leanne Hewitson, Paul Atkinson, David Lewis, Jacqueline Fraser, Glenn Verheul, Jayanand Mekwan, Bryn Robinson
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Ultrasound simulation is an invaluable resource in medical education. However, the equipment required is often prohibitively expensive. What did this study ask? Does the use of a low-cost ultrasound simulator in trauma simulation improve diagnostic capabilities? What did this study find? Study participants experienced improvements in diagnostic accuracy, confidence, and precision following the use of this ultrasound simulator. Why does this study matter to clinicians? This low-cost ultrasound simulator provides an alternative to current technology and can easily be implemented into medical simulations...
April 18, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663891/flipped-learning-can-rheumatology-lead-the-shift-in-medical-education
#3
Yasser El Miedany, Maha El Gaafary, Nadia El Aroussy, Sally Youssef
OBJECTIVE: To: 1. implement flipped classroom rheumatology teaching for undergraduate education. 2. Evaluate outcomes of teaching using OSCE assessment and student perceived effectiveness and satisfaction survey. METHODS: The flipped classroom education was conducted in 3 phases. Phase 1: carried out in the students' own time. Web links were emailed to assist exposure of the instructional part of the lesson online. Phase 2: interactive in-class activity to share personal reflection and reinforce the key aspects...
April 16, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661097/qualitative-evaluation-of-how-a-virtual-dementia-experience-impacts-medical-and-pharmacy-students-self-reported-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-people-with-dementia
#4
Julia F-M Gilmartin-Thomas, John McNeil, Anne Powell, Daniel T Malone, Ian C Larson, Claire L O'Reilly, Carl M Kirkpatrick, Eva Kipen, Tanya Petrovich, Taliesin E Ryan-Atwood, J Simon Bell
Objectives It is important for healthcare professional students to understand the experience of people with dementia, their family, and their carers. Despite person-centred educational policies, current curriculums may not adequately prepare students to meet the needs of people with dementia. This study qualitatively evaluated the impact of a virtual dementia experience on medical and pharmacy students' self-reported knowledge and attitudes towards people with dementia. Methods Ten focus groups were conducted with 29 medical and 24 pharmacy students in September and October 2016...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658798/mock-echo-a-simulation-based-medical-education-method
#5
Rebecca C Fowler, Joanna G Katzman, George D Comerci, Brian M Shelley, Daniel Duhigg, Cynthia Olivas, Thomas Arnold, Summers Kalishman, Rebecca Monnette, Sanjeev Arora
PROBLEM: This study was designed to develop a deeper understanding of the learning and social processes that take place during the simulation-based medical education for practicing providers as part of the Project ECHO® model, known as Mock ECHO training. The ECHO model is utilized to expand access to care of common and complex diseases by supporting the education of primary care providers with an interprofessional team of specialists via videoconferencing networks. INTERVENTION: Mock ECHO trainings are conducted through a train the trainer model targeted at leaders replicating the ECHO model at their organizations...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644401/-skill-retention-using-extraglottic-airways-in-out-of-hospital-emergencies-efficacy-and-long-term-results-of-simulator-based-medical-education-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#6
V Mann, F Limberg, S T W Mann, S Little, M Müller, M Sander, R Röhrig
OBJECTIVE: For emergency medicine personnel (EMP), there is little evidence concerning the adequate timing for refresher courses to maintain routine in the application of extraglottic airways. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and long-term results of a simulator-based education concept teaching the basic airway management skills with extraglottic airways for EMP and also to draw conclusions concerning the adequate time interval for refresher courses. METHODS: By use of an explorative, prospective simulator-study with nonphysician EMP, airway management skills using the Larynxmaske Supreme® (LMA‑S) after an introduction lecture were examined...
April 11, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642710/teaching-residents-how-to-talk-about-death-and-dying-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-barriers-and-randomized-educational-intervention
#7
David C Miller, Amy M Sullivan, Morgan Soffler, Brett Armstrong, Asha Anandaiah, Laura Rock, Jakob I McSparron, Richard M Schwartzstein, Margaret M Hayes
OBJECTIVES: We present a pilot study exploring the effects of a brief, 30-minute educational intervention targeting resident communication surrounding dying in the intensive care unit (ICU). We sought to determine whether simulation or didactic educational interventions improved resident-reported comfort, preparation, and skill acquisition. We also sought to identify resident barriers to using the word "dying." METHODS: In this mixed-methods prospective study, second- and third-year medical residents were randomized to participate in a simulation-based communication training or a didactic session...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622015/empathy-is-proprioceptive-the-bodily-fundament-of-empathy-a-philosophical-contribution-to-medical-education
#8
Florian Schmidsberger, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: The current philosophical debate on empathy entails accounts of theory of mind and simulation as well as a phenomenological opposition. The first focuses on a detached observation of others from a 3rd person perspective and formulates the common claim that there is no direct access to the mental and emotional life of others, only simulation or analogy can grant access to the emotions and behaviour of others. The philosophical respectively phenomenological account of Fuchs instead opposes by focusing personal interaction within a 1st or 2nd person perspective claiming that the emotions of others are experienceable through bodily expression and bodily resonance...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620675/educational-interventions-to-improve-handover-in-health-care-an-updated-systematic-review
#9
Morris Gordon, Elaine Hill, Jennifer N Stojan, Michelle Daniel
PURPOSE: Effective handovers (handoffs) are vital to patient safety. Medical educators investigated educational interventions to improve handovers in a 2011 systematic review. The number of publications on handover education has increased since then, so authors undertook this updated review. METHOD: The authors considered studies involving educational interventions to improve handover amongst undergraduate or postgraduate health professionals in acute care settings...
April 3, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619557/performance-and-skill-retention-of-five-supraglottic-airway-devices-for-the-pediatric-difficult-airway-in-a-manikin
#10
Johannes Kulnig, Lisa Füreder, Nicole Harrison, Michael Frass, Oliver Robak
Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) have been introduced to assist medical professionals in emergency situations with limited experience in securing airways via conventional endotracheal intubation (ETI). Literature on the use of SADs for securing an airway during pediatric critical settings is scarce, and there is a lack of studies comparing different SADs to each other and to conventional ETI. We conducted a study comparing five different SADs to ETI with regard to success rate, time to first ventilation, and personal rating in a pediatric manikin under simulated physiologic and pathologic airway conditions in 41 pediatricians of varying clinical experience and training...
April 5, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613919/addressing-dual-patient-and-staff-safety-through-a-team-based-standardized-patient-simulation-for-agitation-management-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Ambrose H Wong, Marc A Auerbach, Halley Ruppel, Lauren J Crispino, Alana Rosenberg, Joanne D Iennaco, Federico E Vaca
INTRODUCTION: Emergency departments (EDs) have seen harm rise for both patients and health workers from an increasing rate of agitation events. Team effectiveness during care of this population is particularly challenging because fear of physical harm leads to competing interests. Simulation is frequently employed to improve teamwork in medical resuscitations but has not yet been reported to address team-based behavioral emergency care. As part of a larger investigation of agitated patient care, we designed this secondary study to examine the impact of an interprofessional standardized patient simulation for ED agitation management...
April 3, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613918/the-100-most-cited-articles-on-healthcare-simulation-a-bibliometric-review
#12
Chloe Walsh, Sinéad Lydon, Dara Byrne, Caoimhe Madden, Susan Fox, Paul OʼConnor
This article provides an overview and synthesis of the 100 most cited healthcare simulation publications to provide insight into the articles that have shaped current knowledge and practice. Searches of the Scopus and Web of Science databases were conducted in July 2017. Most articles were concerned with medical education and training (86%) and were most often published in surgical journals (33%). Manikins (20%), standardized patients (16%), inanimate part-task trainers (16%), fully simulated environments (17%), and virtual reality part-task trainers (14%) were the most commonly featured types of simulators...
April 3, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607336/the-effect-of-cardiac-arrhythmias-simulation-software-on-the-nurses-learning-and-professional-development
#13
Leila Bazrafkan, Mehdi Hemmati
Introduction: One of the important tasks of nurses in intensive care unit is interpretation of ECG. The use of training simulator is a new paradigm in the age of computers. This study was performed to evaluate the impact of cardiac arrhythmias simulator software on nurses' learning in the subspecialty Vali-Asr Hospital in 2016. Methods: This study was conducted by quasi-experimental randomized Salomon four group design with the participation of 120 nurses in subspecialty Vali-Asr Hospital in Tehran, Iran in 2016 that were selected purposefully and allocated in 4 groups...
April 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607335/using-newly-deceased-patients-in-teaching-clinical-skills-its-ethical-and-educational-challenges
#14
Mahboobeh Saber, Seyed Ali Enjoo, Ali Mahboudi, Seyed Ziaadin Tabei
Introduction: The newly deceased patients have long been used in medical schools to teach clinical skills without any challenges as it helps to train skilled doctors. Nowadays, the use of moulages and simulators are common in teaching clinical skills since these tools provide the opportunity for frequent practice without any pain and injury. There are specific procedures which still require the use of cadavers. However, the increased significance of patient rights has generally challenged the practicality of using the deceased bodies for this purpose...
April 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582058/interprofessional-collaborative-practice-use-of-simulated-clinical-experiences-in-medical-education
#15
Adriana M Carpenter, Maureen A Hirthler, Cathy J King
Context: Mastering the art of assessing interprofessional outcomes has been a topic of interest in academic research. Specifically, the Interprofessional Education Collaborative has been publishing thorough bodies of work that aim to strengthen teamwork among health professionals and reinforce competencies that will lead to better patient care. Objective: To determine osteopathic medical students' perceived effectiveness of simulated clinical experiences in cultivating interprofessional competencies with nursing students...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582056/educational-intervention-in-a-medically-underserved-area
#16
Joel Atance, Morgan Mickalis, Brianna Kincade
Context: Medical students from rural and medically underserved areas (MUAs) are more likely than their peers to practice medicine in rural areas and MUAs. However, students from MUAs are also more likely to face socioeconomic barriers to a career in medicine. Objective: To determine whether a week-long summer enrichment experience (SEE) at Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine-Carolinas could successfully teach high school students from MUAs basic biomedical concepts and foster an interest in medicine and the health sciences...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581634/adaptive-learning-in-medical-education-the-final-piece-of-technology-enhanced-learning
#17
Neel Sharma, Iain Doherty, Chaoyan Dong
Technology enhanced learning (TEL) is now common practice in the field of medical education. One of the primary examples of its use is that of high fidelity simulation and computerised mannequins. Further examples include online learning modules, electronic portfolios, virtual patient interactions, massive open online courses and the flipped classroom movement. The rise of TEL has occurred primarily due to the ease of internet access enabling the retrieval and sharing of information in an instant. Furthermore, the compact nature of internet ready devices such as smartphones and laptops has meant that access to information can occur anytime and anywhere...
September 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580444/medical-simulation-as-a-vital-adjunct-to-identifying-clinical-life-threatening-gaps-in-austere-environments
#18
Adaora M Chima, Rahul Koka, Benjamin Lee, Tina Tran, Onyebuchi U Ogbuagu, Howard Nelson-Williams, Michael Rosen, Michael Koroma, John B Sampson
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality and morbidity are major causes of death in low-resource countries, especially those in Sub-Saharan Africa. Healthcare workforce scarcities present in these locations result in poor perioperative care access and quality. These scarcities also limit the capacity for progressive development and enhancement of workforce training, and skills through continuing medical education. Newly available low-cost, in-situ simulation systems make it possible for a small cadre of trainers to use simulation to identify areas needing improvement and to rehearse best practice approaches, relevant to the context of target environments...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571002/multiuser-virtual-worlds-in-healthcare-education-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Sok Ying Liaw, Guiller Augustin C Carpio, Ying Lau, Seng Chee Tan, Wee Shiong Lim, Poh Sun Goh
BACKGROUND: The use of multiuser virtual worlds (MUVWs) for collaborative learning has generated interest among healthcare educators. Published evidence to support its use is growing, but none has synthesized the evidence to guide future work. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to provide a comprehensive and systematic evaluation of MUVWs in healthcare education. DESIGN: A systematic review METHODS: A systematic search of five databases including CINAHL, Cochrane library, EMBASE, PubMed, and Scopus, was conducted from inception up to January 2017...
February 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567592/training-students-to-detect-delirium-an-interprofessional-pilot-study
#20
Breah Chambers, Mary Meyer, Moya Peterson
AIM: The purpose of this paper is to report nursing student knowledge acquisition and attitude after completing and interprofessional simulation with medical students. INTRODUCTION: The IOM has challenged healthcare educators to teach teamwork and communication skills in interprofessional settings. Interprofessional simulation provides a higher fidelity experience than simulation in silos. Simulation may be particularly useful in helping healthcare workers gain the necessary skills to care for psychiatric clients...
February 28, 2018: Nurse Education Today
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