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Simulation medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636498/a-novel-clinical-simulated-suture-education-for-basic-surgical-skill-suture-on-the-biological-tissue-fixed-on-standardized-patient-evaluated-with-objective-structured-assessment-of-technical-skill-osats-tools
#1
Zhanlong Shen, Fan Yang, Pengji Gao, Li Zeng, Guanchao Jiang, Shan Wang, Yingjiang Ye, Fengxue Zhu
BACKGROUND: Clinical-simulated training has shown benefit in the education of medical students. However, the role of clinical simulation for surgical basic skill training such as suturing techniques remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two medical students were asked to perform specific suturing tasks at three stations with the different settings within four minutes (Station 1: Synthetic suture pad fixed on the bench, Station 2: Synthetic suture pad fixed on the standardized patient, Station 3: Pig skin fixed on the standardized patient); the OSATS (Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill) tool was used to evaluate the performance of students...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632015/the-associations-between-clerkship-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-grades-and-subsequent-performance
#2
Ting Dong, Christopher Zahn, Aaron Saguil, Kimberly A Swygert, Michelle Yoon, Jessica Servey, Steven Durning
Construct: We investigated the extent of the associations between medical students' clinical competency measured by performance in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) during Obstetrics/Gynecology and Family Medicine clerkships and later performance in both undergraduate and graduate medical education. BACKGROUND: There is a relative dearth of studies on the correlations between undergraduate OSCE scores and future exam performance within either undergraduate or graduate medical education and almost none on linking these simulated encounters to eventual patient care...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630391/cost-and-value-in-medical-education-the-role-of-statistical-process-control
#3
Walsh Kieran
Medical education is associated with significant costs. These costs have led to a growing interest in how to deliver high quality or high quantity education on a limited budget. This in turn has led to an interest in how best to measure quantity, quality and cost and how to track these variables over time. The ultimate aim of the interest in cost and value in medical education is to improve quality or quantity over time and to reduce costs. This may occur by a number of methods - which might include e-learning or simple simulations...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623922/use-of-simulation-based-medical-training-in-swiss-pediatric-hospitals-a-national-survey
#4
Martin Stocker, Kathryn Laine, Francis Ulmer
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based medical training (SBMT) is a powerful tool for continuing medical education. In contrast to the Anglo-Saxon medical education community, up until recently, SBMT was scarce in continental Europe's pediatric health care education: In 2009, only 3 Swiss pediatric health care institutions used SBMT. The Swiss catalogue of objectives in Pediatrics does not acknowledge SBMT. The aim of this survey is to describe and analyze the current state of SBMT in Swiss pediatric hospitals and health care departments...
June 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622215/influence-of-gender-on-the-performance-of-cardiopulmonary-rescue-teams-a-randomized-prospective-simulator-study
#5
Simon Adrian Amacher, Cleo Schumacher, Corinne Legeret, Franziska Tschan, Norbert Karl Semmer, Stephan Marsch, Sabina Hunziker
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the influence of gender on resuscitation performance which may improve future education in resuscitation. The aim of this study was to compare female and male rescuers in regard to cardiopulmonary resuscitation and leadership performance. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized simulator study. SETTING: High-fidelity patient simulator center of the medical ICU, University Hospitals Basel (Switzerland). SUBJECTS: Two hundred sixteen volunteer medical students (108 females and 108 males) of two Swiss universities in teams of three...
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619402/global-health-values-of-a-multidirectional-near-peer-training-program-in-surgery-pathology-anatomy-research-methodology-and-medical-education-for-haitian-rwandan-and-canadian-medical-students
#6
Malik Elharram, Trish Dinh, Annie Lalande, Susan Ge, Sophie Gao, Geoffroy Noël
BACKGROUND: As health care delivery increasingly requires providers to cross international borders, medical students at McGill University, Canada, developed a multidirectional exchange program with Haiti and Rwanda. The program integrates surgery, pathology, anatomy, research methodology, and medical education. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the global health value of this international training program to improve medical education within the environment of developing countries, such as Haiti and Rwanda, while improving sociocultural learning of Canadian students...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612400/in-search-of-educational-efficiency-30-years-of-medical-education-s-top-cited-articles
#7
J Cristian Rangel, Carrie Cartmill, Maria Athina Martimianakis, Ayelet Kuper, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Academic journals represent shared spaces wherein the significance of thematic areas, methodologies and paradigms are debated and shaped through collective engagement. By studying journals in their historical and cultural contexts, the academic community can gain insight into the ways in which authors and audiences propose, develop, harness, revise and discard research subjects, methodologies and practices. METHODS: Thirty top-cited articles published in Medical Education between 1986 and 2014 were analysed in a two-step process...
June 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600218/systematic-review-of-patient-specific-surgical-simulation-toward-advancing-medical-education-%C3%A2
#8
Won Hyung A Ryu, Navjit Dharampal, Ahmed E Mostafa, Ehud Sharlin, Gail Kopp, William Bradley Jacobs, Robin John Hurlbert, Sonny Chan, Garnette R Sutherland
OBJECTIVE: Simulation-based education has been shown to be an effective tool to teach foundational technical skills in various surgical specialties. However, most of the current simulations are limited to generic scenarios and do not allow continuation of the learning curve beyond basic technical skills to prepare for more advanced expertise, such as patient-specific surgical planning. The objective of this study was to evaluate the current medical literature with respect to the utilization and educational value of patient-specific simulations for surgical training...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599039/manikin-human-patient-simulator-training
#9
Gregory T Horn
BACKGROUND: Human-patient simulators (HPSs) may help enhance medical education. Manikin HPS devices respond to common field medical interventions, such as cricothyroidotomy, and have realistic feedback features, such as respirations and pulses. This study surveys Special Operations Medics for evaluations of HPS features. METHODS: Of 518 subjects, 376 completed testing and surveys with valid responses. A total of 102 variables were divided into three categories-general characteristics, procedures, and injuries-and assessed on a fivepoint Likert scale...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590944/simulation-fellowship-programs-in-graduate-medical-education
#10
Rami A Ahmed, Jennifer A Frey, Patrick G Hughes, Ara Tekian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587891/the-accessibility-readability-and-quality-of-online-resources-for-gender-affirming-surgery
#11
Christina R Vargas, Joseph A Ricci, Michelle Lee, Adam M Tobias, Daniel A Medalie, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: The transgender population is disproportionally affected by health disparities related to access to care. In many communities, transgender specialists are geographically distant and locally available medical professionals may be unfamiliar with unique needs of transgender patients. As a result, use of Internet resources for information about gender affirming surgery is particularly important. This study simulates a patient search for online educational material about gender affirming surgery and evaluates the accessibility, readability, and quality of the information...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585979/impact-of-interprofessional-simulation-on-nursing-students-attitudes-toward-teamwork-and-collaboration
#12
Linda Krueger, Kim Ernstmeyer, Ellen Kirking
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a multipatient, interprofessional simulation session on nursing students' attitudes toward nurse-physician collaboration using the Jefferson Scale of Attitudes Toward Physician-Nurse Collaboration. METHOD: Final-semester nursing students, along with medical resident and students from other health programs, participated in a simulation exercise that included a period of prebriefing, simulation, and debriefing...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581914/technical-skills-training-for-veterinary-students-a-comparison-of-simulators-and-video-for-teaching-standardized-cardiac-dissection
#13
Rachel E Allavena, Andrea B Schaffer-White, Hanna Long, John I Alawneh
The goal of the study was to evaluate alternative student-centered approaches that could replace autopsy sessions and live demonstration, and to explore refinements in assessment procedures for standardized cardiac dissection. Simulators and videos were identified as feasible, economical, student-centered teaching methods for technical skills training in medical contexts, and a direct comparison was undertaken. A low-fidelity anatomically correct simulator approximately the size of a horse's heart with embedded dissection pathways was constructed and used with a series of laminated photographs of standardized cardiac dissection...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577699/budget-impact-analysis-of-against-colorectal-cancer-in-our-neighborhoods-accion-a-successful-community-based-colorectal-cancer-screening-program-for-a-medically-underserved-minority-population
#14
Bumyang Kim, David R Lairson, Tong Han Chung, Junghyun Kim, Navkiran K Shokar
OBJECTIVES: Given the uncertain cost of delivering community-based cancer screening programs, we developed a Markov simulation model to project the budget impact of implementing a comprehensive colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention program compared with the status quo. METHODS: The study modeled the impacts on the costs of clinical services, materials, and staff expenditures for recruitment, education, fecal immunochemical testing (FIT), colonoscopy, follow-up, navigation, and initial treatment...
June 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573097/validation-of-a-cognitive-task-simulation-and-rehearsal-tool-for-open-carpal-tunnel-release
#15
John A M Paro, Anna Luan, Gordon K Lee
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel release is one of the most common surgical procedures performed by hand surgeons. The authors created a surgical simulation of open carpal tunnel release utilizing a mobile and rehearsal platform app. This study was performed in order to validate the simulator as an effective training platform for carpal tunnel release. METHODS: The simulator was evaluated using a number of metrics: construct validity (the ability to identify variability in skill levels), face validity (the perceived ability of the simulator to teach the intended material), content validity (that the simulator was an accurate representation of the intended operation), and acceptability validity (willingness of the desired user group to adopt this method of training)...
May 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566579/usefulness-of-interprofessional-education-tsurumai-meijo-ipe-in-program-collaborating-with-simulated-patients
#16
Aya Goto, Manako Hanya, Akira Yoshimi, Mizuki Uchida, Saori Takeuchi, Nobuko Aida, Mina Suematsu, Keiko Abe, Hiroki Yasui, Hiroyuki Kamei, Yukihiro Noda
 Collaboration with multiple healthcare professionals is important to provide safer and higher quality care. Interprofessional education (IPE) promotes the practice of team-based care. The establishment of Tsurumai-Meijo IPE, including interprofessional education and practice (IPEP) and video-teaching materials, was conducted in collaboration with school of medicine/nursing in Nagoya University and Fujita Health University, because Meijo University does not have its own clinical settings and faculties except for pharmacy...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566570/research-using-the-roter-method-of-interaction-process-analysis-rias-for-communication-education-in-the-pharmaceutical-sciences
#17
Etsuko Arita
 The ability to communicate effectively as a healthcare professional has come into greater focus as the role of pharmacists expands from "medicine-based" to "client-based" (e.g., working with patients, their families, and in multidisciplinary interactions). The ability to communicate cannot be acquired solely in the classroom; a large part of acquiring such skill is based on practical experience. Role-playing with simulated patients has already been implemented in pharmaceutical education; in that sense, opportunities to receive education in practical communication are increasing...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566125/weight-changes-in-general-practice
#18
Rasmus Køster-Rasmussen
This PhD thesis is about weight changes. What determines long-term weight changes in the adult general population? Is it possible that weight loss may not always be healthy? The present clinical guidelines for general practice advice most overweight persons and patients with type 2 diabetes to lose weight. Are the guidelines based on firm evidence?   METHODS: The back-bone of the thesis is constituted by three scientific articles based on three different population based cohort studies. Multivariable modeling and other epidemiological methods were used...
June 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547840/performance-of-norwegian-civilian-emts-and-army-medics-in-penetrating-trauma-a-controlled-simulation-based-assessment
#19
S W Blix, J Melau, I Lund-Kordahl
BACKGROUND: Penetrating trauma kills rapidly. Thorough and efficient examination and aggressive hemorrhage control is important to save lives. The aim of this study was to assess the skills of civilian Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) in bleeding examination and control compared to Army Medics. Our hypothesis was that civilian pre-hospital systems perform at a lower level compared to an expert group, and did not have sufficient focus on education and training in examination and treatment of penetrating injuries...
May 25, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541602/three-dimensional-printing-in-cardiology-current-applications-and-future-challenges
#20
Hongxing Luo, Jarosław Meyer-Szary, Zhongmin Wang, Robert Sabiniewicz, Yuhao Liu
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has attracted a huge interest in recent years. Broadly speaking, it refers to the technology which converts a predesigned virtual model to a touchable object. In clinical medicine, it usually converts a series of two-dimensional medical images acquired through computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or 3D echocardiography into a physical model. Medical 3D printing consists of three main steps: image acquisition, virtual reconstruction and 3D manufacturing. It is a promising tool for preoperative evaluation, medical device design, hemodynamic simulation and medical education, it is also likely to reduce operative risk and increase operative success...
May 25, 2017: Cardiology Journal
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