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Start excursion balance test

Nicole J Chimera, Meghan Warren
Clinical movement screening tests are gaining popularity as a means to determine injury risk and to implement training programs to prevent sport injury. While these screens are being used readily in the clinical field, it is only recently that some of these have started to gain attention from a research perspective. This limits applicability and poses questions to the validity, and in some cases the reliability, of the clinical movement tests as they relate to injury prediction, intervention, and prevention...
April 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Vaniessa Dewi Hapsari, Shuping Xiong
UNLABELLED: This study aimed to examine the effects of high heeled shoes (HHS) wearing experience and heel height on human standing balance and functional mobility. Thirty young and healthy females (ten experienced and twenty inexperienced HHS wearers) participated in a series of balance tests when they wore shoes of four different heel heights: 1 cm (flat), 4 cm (low), 7 cm (medium) and 10 cm (high). Experimental results show that regardless of the wearing experience, the heel elevation induces more effort from lower limb muscles (particularly calf muscles) and results in worse functional mobility starting at 7 cm heel height...
2016: Ergonomics
Edgar Ramos Vieira, Gerardo Guerrero, Daniel Holt, Monica Arreaza, Valentina Veroes, Denis Brunt
BACKGROUND: Stability and balance are fundamental during static and dynamic activities. The effects of wearing rocker bottom sole (RBS) shoes on the limits of stability (LOS) and adaptation to wearing RBS shoes need to be investigated. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the LOS when wearing RBS shoes, and to evaluate if people improve their stability while wearing RBS shoes over time. METHODS: Eleven female subjects with no lower extremity impairments participated in the study...
April 7, 2014: Foot & Ankle International
Garrett F Coughlan, Eamonn Delahunt, Eoghan O'Sullivan, Karl Fullam, Brian S Green, Brian M Caulfield
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate performance on selected reach directions of the Start Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) in an elite underage rugby union population, and determine if differences exist between the forward and back position units. This information may have implications for the application of this test in player injury prevention and management. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Gymnasium at an elite junior rugby union screening camp. PARTICIPANTS: 102 healthy male elite rugby union players (age = 17...
November 2014: Physical Therapy in Sport
B Olivier, A V Stewart, S A S Olorunju, W McKinon
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to establish the difference in lumbo-pelvic movement control, static and dynamic balance at the start and at the end of a cricket season in pace bowlers who sustained an injury during the season and those who did not. DESIGN: This is a longitudinal, observational study. METHODS: Thirty-two, healthy, injury free, male premier league fast, fast-medium and medium pace bowlers between the ages of 18 and 26 years (mean age 21...
January 2015: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Haruko Kage, Masayuki Okuda, Ippei Nakamura, Ichiro Kunitsugu, Shinichi Sugiyama, Tatsuya Hobara
UNLABELLED: Kage H, Okuda M, Nakamura I, Kunitsugu I, Sugiyama S, Hobara T. Measuring methods for functional reach test: comparison of 1-arm reach and 2-arm reach. OBJECTIVES: To investigate which functional reach test better reflects the center of pressure excursion, a 1-arm reach or a 2-arm reach, and to investigate the effect of trunk rotation on the reach distance in a 1-arm reach. In addition, we considered the influence of the individual variation at the starting position...
December 2009: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Fausto Baldissera, Paolo Cavallari, Roberto Esposti
During low-frequency (< 1.5 Hz) voluntary oscillations of the foot, placed on a rotating platform, onset of the Tibialis Anterior (TA) EMG paradoxically phase-lags the onset of dorsiflexion, suggesting that initial dorsiflexion is sustained by recoil of elastic structures that were stretched during plantarflexion. It is argued that the lag would disappear if the EMG onset were referred to the foot passive equilibrium position rather than to the movement onset. This hypothesis was tested in ten subjects who, after assessment of foot equilibrium position, voluntarily oscillated their foot at various frequencies (0...
April 2004: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
C L Riach, K C Hayes
The postural sway of 76 healthy young children aged from two to 14 years was investigated to identify age-related changes in the extent of sway, the effects of eye-closure, and the spectral composition of sway. Postural sway was measured from the excursions of the centre of pressure of ground reaction forces, and was analysed for both time and frequency. Within the age-range of the children tested, postural sway decreased linearly with age. Boys tended to become more stable at a faster rate than girls, but started from an initially greater level of instability...
October 1987: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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