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"Professional identity"

Brandon Jf Gheller, Phillip Joy, Daphne Lordly
PURPOSE: In Canada, dietitians serve a sex-diverse population despite the profession being predominately female (>95%). It is unknown why there are so few male dietitians. The objective of the present study was to explore the experience of the male dietitian, as a minority, in female-dominated dietetics. METHODS: Two semi-structured interviews were conducted, approximately 6 weeks apart, with Nova Scotian male dietitians. The interviews prompted participants to reflect on their experience of being a male dietitian...
March 15, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Xin-Qiang Wang, Jun-Cheng Zhu, Lu Liu, Xiang-Yu Chen, Jun-Yu Huo
Pre-service teachers with different professional identity may actively construct different subjective profession-related events based on the same objective profession-related events. To explore the priming effect among pre-service teachers with different professional identity, this study examined the effect of positive, negative, or neutral priming sentences in an individualized narration of profession-related events through a priming paradigm. Forty-two female volunteers were asked to complete positive, negative, and neutral priming sentences describing profession-related events...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Dragana Milutinović, Robert Lovrić, Dragana Simin
BACKGROUND: There is an implicit expectation for medical sciences students to work together effectively as members of health-care team, and interprofessional education is therefore widely accepted. Students' attitudes, which are affected by various factors, have been recognized as the most important predictors of successful implementation of interprofessional education with the aim of developing collaborative practice. The Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale has often been used in studies to measure these perspectives...
March 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Cary Cuncic, Glenn Regehr, Heather Frost, Joanna Bates
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between preceptor and trainee is becoming recognized as a critical component of teaching, in particular in the negotiation of feedback and in the formation of professional identity. This paper elaborates on the nature of the relationships between preceptor and student that evolve in the context of rural longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs). METHODS: We drew on constructivist grounded theory for the research approach. We interviewed nine LIC family practice preceptors from three sites at one educational institution...
March 12, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
Janet E Fischel, Doreen M Olvet, Richard J Iuli, Wei-Hsin Lu, Latha Chandran
AIM: Curriculum reform in medical schools continues to be an ever-present and challenging activity in medical education. This paper describes one school's experiences with specific curricular innovations that were developed or adapted and targeted to meet a clear set of curricular goals during the curriculum reform process. Those goals included: (a) promoting active learning and learner engagement; (b) establishing early professional identity; and (c) developing physician competencies in an integrated and contextual manner while allowing for individualized learning experiences for the millennial student...
March 11, 2018: Medical Teacher
Bracha Azoulay, Hod Orkibi
Although the literature indicates that students in mental health professions start to form their professional identity and competence in graduate school, there are few studies on the in-training experience of creative arts therapies students. This mixed methods study examined how five first-year students in a psychodrama master's degree program in Israel experienced their field training, with the aim of identifying the factors likely to promote or hinder the development of their professional identity and sense of professional ability...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Suzanne Morony, Kristie Weir, Gregory Duncan, Janice Biggs, Don Nutbeam, Kirsten J Mccaffery
BACKGROUND: Telehealth professionals require advanced communication skills, in part to compensate for lack of visual cues. Teach-Back is a best practice communication technique that has been recommended but not previously evaluated for consumer telehealth. We aimed to implement Teach-Back at a national maternal and child health telephone helpline. We describe the intervention and report telenurse experiences learning to use Teach-Back. METHODS: We identified barriers (time, knowledge, skills, beliefs) and enablers (self-reflection) to using Teach-Back, and developed a novel training program to address these, guided by the Theoretical Domains Framework...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Bonnie J Baty
Growth of the profession of genetic counseling has gone hand-in-hand with professional development of individual genetic counselors. Genetic counseling has achieved most of the typical early milestones in the development of a profession. The profession is maturing at a time when the number of practitioners is predicted to vastly expand. The last two decades have seen a proliferation of genetic counselor roles and practice areas, and a distinct professional identity. It is likely that the next two decades will see an increase in educational paths, practice areas, and possibilities for professional advancement...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
Katie E de Luca, Jordan A Gliedt, Matthew Fernandez, Greg Kawchuk, Michael S Swain
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Australian and New Zealand chiropractic students' opinions regarding the identity, role setting, and future of chiropractic practice. METHODS: An online, cross-sectional survey was administered to chiropractic students in all chiropractic programs in Australia and New Zealand. The survey explored student viewpoints about the identity, role/scope, setting, and future of chiropractic practice as it relates to chiropractic education and health promotion...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Riho Iwasaki, Masako Kageyama, Satoko Nagata
OBJECTIVE: As health problems become more diverse and complicated, the way public health nurses (PHNs) work is changing. Research at the conceptual level of professional identity of PHNs is lacking. This study aimed to explore the structure of the perceived professional identity of Japanese PHNs. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Grounded theory method was used. Twenty-five PHNs in Japanese municipalities were participated in the study. MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected through semistructured interviews and analyzed using open, axial, and selective coding...
March 6, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Neil Thomas Smith, Rachel Thwaites
This paper examines the precarious working lives of 'emerging' composers attempting to build a career in the world of new classical music in the UK. This topic is approached by considering the 'composition opportunity', success in which is seen as an important element in 'making it' in this sphere. We argue that such schemes in fact manifest a crucial tension in the nature of artistic labour, and are, at the very least, problematic in their function as conduits towards full professional identity. They may instead act to maintain the precarious working situation of composers in a neoliberal age...
February 28, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
Olle Ten Cate, Larry D Gruppen, Jennifer R Kogan, Lorelei A Lingard, Pim W Teunissen
The introduction of competency-based medical education has shifted thinking from a fixed-time model to one stressing attained competencies, independent of the time needed to arrive at those competencies. In this article, the authors explore theoretical and conceptual issues related to time variability in medical training, starting with the Carroll model from the 1960s that put time in the equation of learning. They discuss mastery learning, deliberate practice, and learning curves.While such behaviorist theories apply well to structured courses and highly structured training settings, learning in the clinical workplace is not well captured in such theories or in the model that Carroll proposed...
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Danielle Blouin
OBJECTIVES: Informal learning includes all occurrences during one's life when learning is not deliberate. Prior research on informal learning in healthcare contexts examined learning happening outside of the formal curriculum, yet still in the workplace. This study explores residents' perceptions about extracurricular factors outside of the workplace that contribute to their learning and development of professional identity, whether interpersonal relations are recognised as such factors, and positive and negative impacts of interpersonal relations...
February 26, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Chirag Bhat, Sarah Burm, Tricia Mohan, Saad Chahine, Mark Goldszmidt
OBJECTIVES: Socialisation theories of professional identity formation (PIF) consider clinical rotations to be critically intense transformative experiences. However, few studies have explored what trainees grapple with during these transformative experiences or their influence on performance. Applying a threshold concepts (TCs) lens, this study investigates and documents 'troublesome' and 'transformative' concepts that junior trainees may encounter during a clinical rotation. Insights gained are essential for supporting trainee development...
February 27, 2018: Medical Education
Aine Marie Kelly, Patricia B Mullan
Teaching and assessing trainees' professionalism now represents an explicit expectation for Accreditation Council Graduate Medical Education-accredited radiology programs. Challenges to meeting this expectation include variability in defining the construct of professionalism; limits of traditional teaching and assessment methods, used for competencies historically more prominent in medical education, for professionalism; and emerging expectations for credible and feasible professionalism teaching and assessment practices in the current context of health-care training and practice...
February 22, 2018: Academic Radiology
Janine Marie Traulsen, Louise C Druedahl
The future of the pharmacy profession and concerns about professional identity have been popular and recurring themes in professional journals and at international pharmacy conferences for more than 30 years. The aim of this paper is to contribute to realistic and viable visions for the future of the pharmacy profession via insights through labor market and work organization theories. These insights provide an understanding of contemporary work patterns and what they mean for the future role of community pharmacists...
February 17, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Franziska Eckert, Paul Weindling, Astrid Ley, Hans-Joachim Lang, Sascha Lang, Gabriele Moser
Whereas the scientific community is aware of atrocities committed by medical doctors like Mengele, the specifics of radiology and radiation oncology during National Socialism remain largely unknown. Starting in 2010, the German Radiology Association and the German Association of Radiation Oncology coordinated a national project looking into original archival material. A national committee convened in 2013 to discuss the project's findings, which were also the subject of a symposium at the University of Tuebingen in 2016 on radiology under National Socialism...
February 21, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Christoph Pimmer, Florian Brühlmann, Titilayo Dorothy Odetola, Oluwafemi Dipeolu, Urs Gröhbiel, Ademola J Ajuwon
BACKGROUND: Although learning in clinical settings is a key element of nursing education, for many learners these are challenging developmental contexts often marked by isolation and a lack of belongingness. Despite the massive appropriation of mobile instant messaging (MIM) platforms and the connective properties attendant to them, very little is known about their role in and impact on nursing students' clinical learning experiences. APPROACH AND METHODS: To address this gap, the study, which was part of a multinational research project on the use of mobile social media in health professions education in developing countries, examined the use of the instant messaging platform WhatsApp by nursing students during placements and potential associations with socio-professional indicators...
February 10, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Nauzley C Abedini, Shobha W Stack, Jessie L Goodman, Kenneth P Steinberg
Background : Burnout rates for internal medicine residents are among the highest of all specialties, yet little is known about how residents recover from burnout. Objective : We identified factors promoting recovery from burnout and factors that assist with the subsequent avoidance of burnout among internal medicine residents. Methods : A purposive sample of postgraduate year 2 (PGY-2), PGY-3, and recent graduates who experienced and recovered from burnout during residency participated in semistructured, 60-minute interviews from June to August 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Dorene F Balmer, Alix Darden, Latha Chandran, Donna D'Alessandro, Maryellen E Gusic
PURPOSE: Despite academic medicine's endorsement of professional development and mentoring, little is known about what junior faculty learn about mentoring in the implicit curriculum of professional development programs, and how their mentor identity evolves in this context. The authors explored what faculty-participants in the Educational Scholars Program implicitly learned about mentoring and how the implicit curriculum affected mentor identity transformation. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with 19 of 36 former faculty-participants were conducted in 2016...
February 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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