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"Professional identity"

Esther Helmich, Huei-Ming Yeh, Adina Kalet, Mohamed Al-Eraky
Becoming a doctor is fundamentally about developing a new, professional identity as a physician, which in and of itself may evoke many emotions. Additionally, medical trainees are increasingly moving from one cultural context to another and are challenged with navigating the resulting shifts in their professional identify. In this Article, the authors aim to address medical professional identity formation from a polyvocal, multidisciplinary, cross-cultural perspective. They delineate the cultural approaches to medical professionalism, reflect on professional identity formation in different cultures and on different theories of identity development, and advocate for a context-specific approach to professional identity formation...
October 25, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Falk Schwendicke, Gerd Göstemeyer
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence supports selective/incomplete (SE) or stepwise (SW) instead of non-selective/complete tissue removal for deep carious lesions in vital teeth, mainly as pulpal risks are significantly reduced. Our aims were to analyze the proportion of dentists who utilize SE/SW for deep lesions in permanent teeth and to identify barriers and facilitators of utilizing SE/SW. METHODS: We included studies that were original, and reported on the proportion of dentists utilizing SE/SW (quantitative studies), or reported on barriers or facilitators of such utilization (qualitative studies)...
October 19, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Diana Bairaktarova, Anna Woodcock
Professional communities are experiencing scandals involving unethical and illegal practices daily. Yet it should not take a national major structure failure to highlight the importance of ethical awareness and behavior, or the need for the development and practice of ethical behavior in engineering students. Development of ethical behavior skills in future engineers is a key competency for engineering schools as ethical behavior is a part of the professional identity and practice of engineers. While engineering educators have somewhat established instructional methods to teach engineering ethics, they still rely heavily on teaching ethical awareness, and pay little attention to how well ethical awareness predicts ethical behavior...
October 17, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
Stylianos Hatzipanagos, Bernadette John, Yuan-Li Tiffany Chiu
BACKGROUND: Social media can support and sustain communities much better than previous generations of learning technologies, where institutional barriers undermined any initiatives for embedding formal and informal learning. Some of the many types of social media have already had an impact on student learning, based on empirical evidence. One of these, social networking, has the potential to support communication in formal and informal spaces. OBJECTIVE: In this paper we report on the evaluation of an institutional social network-King's Social Harmonisation Project (KINSHIP)-established to foster an improved sense of community, enhance communication, and serve as a space to model digital professionalism for students at King's College London, United Kingdom...
March 3, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Tabor E Flickinger, Thomas O'Hagan, Margaret S Chisolm
BACKGROUND: As the use of social media (SM) tools becomes increasingly widespread, medical trainees need guidance on applying principles of professionalism to their online behavior. OBJECTIVE: To develop a curriculum to improve knowledge and skills regarding professionalism of SM use by medical students. METHODS: This project was conducted in 3 phases: (1) a needs assessment was performed via a survey of medical students regarding SM use, rationale for and frequency of use, and concerns; (2) a workshop-format curriculum was designed and piloted for preclinical students to gain foundational knowledge of online professionalism; and (3) a complementary longitudinal SM-based curriculum was designed and piloted for clinical students to promote both medical humanism and professionalism...
December 1, 2015: JMIR Med Educ
Simone Orlowski, Sharon Lawn, Ben Matthews, Anthony Venning, Kaisha Wyld, Gabrielle Jones, Megan Winsall, Gaston Antezana, Geoffrey Schrader, Niranjan Bidargaddi
BACKGROUND: Digital technologies show promise for reversing poor engagement of youth (16-24 years) with mental health services. In particular, mobile and internet based applications with communication capabilities can augment face-to-face mental health service provision. The literature in this field, however, fails to adequately capture the perspectives of the youth mental health workforce regarding utility and acceptability of technology for this purpose. METHODS: This paper describes results of in-depth qualitative data drawn from various stakeholders involved in provision of youth mental health services in one Australian rural region...
October 10, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Narelle Borrott, Sharon Kinney, Fiona Newall, Allison Williams, Noel Cranswick, Ian Wong, Elizabeth Manias
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine how communication between nurses and doctors occurred for managing medications in inpatient paediatric settings. BACKGROUND: Communication between health professionals influences medication incidents' occurrence and safe care. DESIGN: An ethnographic study was undertaken. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews, observations and focus groups were conducted in three clinical areas of an Australian tertiary paediatric hospital...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Allan H Goroll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Martin Mayer, Dale Newton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Hedy S Wald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
N Yıldırım, A Karaca, S Cangur, F Acıkgoz, D Akkus
BACKGROUND: Nursing education can be a stressful experience. To fully benefit from this experience and develop a positive professional identity, it is essential for nursing students to effectively cope with education-related stress. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationships between nursing students' education-related stress and stress coping, self-esteem, social support, and health status. METHOD: This study utilized a cross-sectional, descriptive, and correlational design...
September 28, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Susan Mcinnes, Kath Peters, Andrew Bonney, Elizabeth Halcomb
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the nature of collaboration between registered nurses and general practitioners in Australian general practice. BACKGROUND: There is international recognition that collaboration between health professionals can improve care coordination, enhance health outcomes, optimise the work environment and reduce healthcare costs. However, effective collaboration requires a clear understanding of each team member's role. DESIGN: A qualitative approach guided by Naturalistic Inquiry was used to elicit and interpret participant narratives...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Homer Yang
PURPOSE: Is professionalism in medicine just another bureaucratic imposition on our practice or a fundamental concept for physicians at all stages in their career? In this review, the historical perspectives of professionalism are explored as well as the what, why, and how questions concerning this topic. SOURCE: The key words "professionalism" and "anesthesia" were used to conduct a search of the PubMed database, the policies and publications of relevant Canadian and international physician regulatory bodies and organizations, historical documents, and other internet publications...
September 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Marcus Law, Sarah Wright, Maria Mylopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To obtain a deeper understanding of community faculty members' perceptions about engagement in educational scholarship. DESIGN: One-on-one semistructured interviews that were audiorecorded, transcribed verbatim, and subsequently analyzed. SETTING: Toronto, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: Purposive, theoretical sample of 8 physician faculty members at the University of Toronto. METHODS: Interview transcripts were analyzed using a grounded theory approach...
September 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Michael J Green, Kimberly Myers, Katie Watson, M K Czerwiec, Dan Shapiro, Stephanie Draus
What is the value of having medical students engage in creative production as part of their learning? Creating something new requires medical students to take risks and even to fail--something they tend to be neither accustomed to nor comfortable with doing. "Making stuff" can help students prepare for such failures in a controlled environment that doesn't threaten their professional identities. Furthermore, doing so can facilitate students becoming resilient and creative problem-solvers who strive to find new ways to address vexing questions...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
E Muddiman, A D Bullock, J MacDonald, L Allery, K L Webb, L Pugsley
OBJECTIVES: An increase in patients with long-term conditions and complex care needs presents new challenges to healthcare providers around the developed world. In response, more broad-based training programmes have developed to better prepare trainees for the changing landscape of healthcare delivery. This paper focuses on qualitative elements of a longitudinal, mixed-methods evaluation of the postgraduate, post-Foundation Broad-Based Training (BBT) programme in England. It aims to provide a qualitative analysis of trainees' evaluations of whether the programme meets its intentions to develop practitioners adept at managing complex cases, patient focused care, specialty integration and conviction in career choice...
2016: BMJ Open
Michael Traynor, Niels Buus
Research concludes that professional socialisation in nursing is deeply problematic because new recruits start out identifying with the profession's ideals but lose this idealism as they enter and continue to work in the profession. This study set out to examine the topic focussing on the development of professional identity. Six focus groups were held with a total of 49 2nd and 3rd year BSc nursing students studying at a university in London, UK and their transcripts were subject to discourse analysis. Participants' talk was strongly dualistic and inflected with anxiety...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Eric J Keller, Robert L Vogelzang, Benjamin H Freed, James C Carr, Jeremy D Collins
BACKGROUND: Quality improvement efforts in cardiovascular imaging have been challenged by limited adoption of initiatives and policies. In order to better understand this limitation and inform future efforts, the range clinical values related to cardiovascular imaging at a large academic hospital was characterized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 15 Northwestern Medicine physicians from internal medicine, cardiology, emergency medicine, cardiac/vascular surgery, and radiology were interviewed about their use of cardiovascular imaging and imaging guidelines...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Li Sun, Ying Gao, Juan Yang, Xiao-Ying Zang, Yao-Gang Wang
BACKGROUND: As newcomers to the clinical workplace, nursing students will encounter a high degree of role stress, which is an important predictor of burnout and engagement. Professional identity is theorised to be a key factor in providing high-quality care to improve patient outcomes and is thought to mediate the negative effects of a high-stress workplace and improve clinical performance and job retention. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the level of nursing students' professional identity and role stress at the end of the first sub-internship, and to explore the impact of the nursing students' professional identity and other characteristics on role stress...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
John Sanfey, Sanjiv Ahluwalia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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