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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437850/public-perception-of-uncertainties-within-climate-change-science
#1
Vivianne H M Visschers
Climate change is a complex, multifaceted problem involving various interacting systems and actors. Therefore, the intensities, locations, and timeframes of the consequences of climate change are hard to predict and cause uncertainties. Relatively little is known about how the public perceives this scientific uncertainty and how this relates to their concern about climate change. In this article, an online survey among 306 Swiss people is reported that investigated whether people differentiate between different types of uncertainty in climate change research...
April 24, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437836/nurses-attitudes-toward-the-single-checking-of-medications
#2
Rachel Cross, Paul N Bennett, Cherene Ockerby, Wei Chun Wang, Judy Currey
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The policy of single over double checking of medications has been adopted by many health services; however, nurses' attitudes toward single-checking medications remains unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the attitudes of nurses who single check and administer medications in a setting where single checking has been in place for over a decade. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design using the validated Single Checking Administration Medication Scale-II to registered nurses (n = 299) working in one metropolitan teaching hospital in Victoria, Australia...
April 24, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437780/evidence-based-practice-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-of-online-graduate-nursing-students
#3
Wilaiporn Rojjanasrirat, Jan Rice
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate changes in evidence-based practice (EBP) knowledge, attitudes, and practice of nursing students before and after completing an online, graduate level, introductory research/EBP course. DESIGN: A prospective one-group pretest-posttest design. SETTINGS: A private university in the Midwestern, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-three online nurse practitioner students in Master's program. METHODS: A convenient sample of online graduate nursing students who enrolled in the research/EBP course was invited to participate in the study...
April 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437762/public-attitudes-toward-depression-and-help-seeking-impact-of-the-ospi-europe-depression-awareness-campaign-in-four-european-regions
#4
Elisabeth Kohls, Evelien Coppens, Juliane Hug, Eline Wittevrongel, Chantal Van Audenhove, Nicole Koburger, Ella Arensman, András Székely, Ricardo Gusmão, Ulrich Hegerl
BACKGROUND: Public attitudes toward depression and help-seeking behaviour are important factors influencing depressed people to obtain professional help and adequate treatment. OSPI-Europe is a multi-level suicide prevention programme including a public awareness campaign. It was implemented in four regions of four European countries (Germany, Hungary, Ireland and Portugal). This paper reports the results of the evaluation of the campaign, including its visibility and effects of the campaign on stigma associated with depression and help-seeking behaviour...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437367/-effective-requesting-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-on-asking-families-to-consent-to-organ-and-tissue-donation
#5
Jennifer A Chandler, Matthew Connors, Giles Holland, Sam D Shemie
BACKGROUND: Families are often asked to consent to the donation of their deceased relative's organs or tissues. These end-of-life conversations are important because they affect consent rates as well as the psychological impact of the decision for families. This scoping review of the literature on requesting family consent was prepared to support of the development of leading practice recommendations for end-of-life conversations with families of potential donors. A scoping review maps research activity in a field across a range of commentary and empirical study designs but does not attempt meta-synthesis of empirical data or quality assessment...
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437316/attitudes-of-physician-assistant-educators-toward-interprofessional-education-and-collaborative-care
#6
Laura A Levy, Kathleen Mathieson
PURPOSE: Interprofessional education (IPE) has been shown to improve collaboration in the workforce, ultimately improving patient care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate physician assistant (PA) educators' attitudes toward IPE and interprofessional (IP) health care teams. METHODS: An online survey was sent to 1198 PA educators. The survey assessed 3 domains: attitudes toward IPE, attitudes toward IP health care teams, and attitudes toward IP learning in the academic setting...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437002/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-4-clinical-factors
#7
G Alexander, Hopcraft, M J Tyas, R H K Wong
BACKGROUND: The Minamata Convention embodies a world-wide reduction in the production and use of mercury and mercury-containing products and processes, including a phase-down of dental amalgam. This will change the approach to the use of direct restorative materials in the near future. There is little research as to the influence of clinical factors on dentists' decision-making which may be of use when determining the impact of any change. METHODS: An online survey relating to aspects of and attitudes to the use of direct restorative materials was distributed to all dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association and/or Members or Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
April 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436083/the-added-value-of-world-views-over-self-views-predicting-modest-behaviour-in-eastern-and-western-cultures
#8
Sylvia Xiaohua Chen, Jacky C K Ng, Emma E Buchtel, Yanjun Guan, Hong Deng, Michael Harris Bond
Personality research has been focused on different aspects of the self, including traits, attitudes, beliefs, goals, and motivation. These aspects of the self are used to explain and predict social behaviour. The present research assessed generalized beliefs about the world, termed 'social axioms' (Leung et al., ), and examined their additive power over beliefs about the self in explaining a communal behaviour, that is, modesty. Three studies predicted reported modest behaviour among Mainland Chinese, Hong Kong Chinese, East Asian Canadians, and European Canadians...
April 24, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435902/emergency-medical-service-personnel-need-to-improve-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-prehospital-sepsis-care
#9
Joongmin Park, Sung Yeon Hwang, Tae Gun Shin, Ik Joon Jo, Hee Yoon, Tae Rim Lee, Won Chul Cha, Min Seob Sim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of emergency medical service (EMS) personnel pertaining to sepsis. We also compared EMS personnel's knowledge of sepsis and their intention to engage in prehospital sepsis management. METHODS: The survey was conducted during education conferences for EMS personnel in December 2013 and January 2015 in Seoul, Korea. The questionnaire composed of 10 questions relevant to sepsis, was distributed on-scene, and was retrieved by investigators after the conference...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435815/perception-of-hiv-aids-education-at-the-community-level-in-jordan
#10
Fathieh Abu Moghli, Suhair Al Habeesh, Lubna Abu Shikha
BACKGROUND: The control of spread of HIV takes concerted efforts at both national and international levels. Education is an important component of preventing the spread of HIV. This study aimed to assess the attitudes of parents, teachers and students towards informing children about HIV/AIDS, attitudes concerning 'proper' age to learn about HIV/AIDS, possible differences in attitudes relating to gender of child and what they should learn and ideas about the most 'adequate' person/institution to be responsible for provision of HIV/AIDS education...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435747/determination-of-the-health-belief-and-attitude-of-women-regarding-breast-cancer-and-breast-self-exam
#11
Gül Ertem, Yelda Candan Dönmez, Eda Dolgun
OBJECTIVE: This study has been carried out with the purpose of determining the belief and attitude of women regarding breast cancer and breast self-exam and the factors which affect the performance frequency of breast self-exam and it is a descriptive kind of study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data has been collected through questionnaire forms created by the researchers based on literature information and Champion Health Belief Model Scale. Data collection was collected via face-to-face interviews with the patients...
April 2017: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435508/a-novel-collaboration-to-reduce-the-travel-related-cost-of-residency-interviewing
#12
Eric Shappell, Abra Fant, Benjamin Schnapp, Jill P Craig, James Ahn, Christine Babcock, Michael A Gisondi
INTRODUCTION: Interviewing for residency is a complicated and often expensive endeavor. Literature has estimated interview costs of $4,000 to $15,000 per applicant, mostly attributable to travel and lodging. The authors sought to reduce these costs and improve the applicant interview experience by coordinating interview dates between two residency programs in Chicago, Illinois. METHODS: Two emergency medicine residency programs scheduled contiguous interview dates for the 2015-2016 interview season...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435419/the-process-of-creating-integrated-home-care-in-lithuania-from-idea-to-reality
#13
Ramunė Jurkuvienė, Lina Danusevičienė, Rūta Butkevičienė, Indrė Gajdosikienė
BACKGROUND: The article presents an analysis of the formulation and implementation of a social innovation: integrated home care (IHC) in post-soviet Lithuania. From 1998 a series of top-down orders to implement IHC were issued, however, home nursing did not start. In 2011 the Ministry of Social Security and Labour began a process to develop integrated home care using new, collaborative processes. The result was 21 pilot projects with well-conceptualized IHC services. METHOD: Using data from focus groups, interviews, and recorded observations, the research team systematically documented the innovation process, including themes and deviations, employing Smale's Innovation Trinity framework to organize the larger picture...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435375/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-pediatricians-regarding-pediatric-liquid-medicaments
#14
K L Girish Babu, Geeta Maruti Doddamani, L R Kumaraswamy Naik
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of pediatricians regarding pediatric liquid medicaments (PLMs) and its effect on dental health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A convenience sample of 103 pediatricians was asked to answer a questionnaire. RESULTS: A total number of 87 pediatricians completed the questionnaires. They considered age and body weight of the child (58%), cost of the medicine (40%), and pharmaceutical company (37%) to be relevant while prescribing...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435371/attitude-and-knowledge-of-isolation-in-operative-field-among-undergraduate-dental-students
#15
Fuad Abdo Al-Sabri, Ahmed Mohamed Elmarakby, Ahmed Mohammed Hassan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the general attitude of undergraduate dental students toward rubber dam use, specifically focusing on operative procedures before starting to serve community. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to undergraduate clinical years' students of two private colleges; Al-Farabi Dental College, Riyadh, KSA and Buraidah Private Colleges, Qassim, KSA. Questions were asked about areas where the students used rubber dam in operative procedures, in which types of caries classes, and in which type of restoration they frequently used the rubber dam...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435310/tropical-diseases-of-the-myocardium-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Zoe C Groom, Aristotle D Protopapas, Vasileios Zochios
Cardiovascular diseases are widely distributed throughout the world. Human parasitic infections are ubiquitous. Tropical parasites are increasingly recognized as causes of cardiovascular diseases. In this review, we address the most frequently reported parasites that directly infect the myocardium, including Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoal causative agent of American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), and Taenia solium, the cestode causative agent of taeniasis and cysticercosis. We also discuss tropical endomyocardial fibrosis, trichinellosis and schistosomiasis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435233/patient-opinions-on-medicine-use-review-exploring-an-expanding-role-of-community-pharmacists
#17
Sirinya Aimaurai, Atthapinya Jumpated, Ines Krass, Teerapon Dhippayom
BACKGROUND: Current evidence supports the benefit of medicine-use review (MUR) for the safe and effective use of medicines. However, little is known about opinions of consumers regarding their preference for undertaking MUR, especially in the developing world, eg, in some Asian countries. We aimed to explore patients' opinions about potential MUR and other enhanced services provided by community pharmacists. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A qualitative study using focus groups was conducted at Naresuan University's community pharmacy, Phitsanulok, Thailand...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434726/short-communication-sensory-analysis-of-a-kefir-product-designed-for-active-cancer-survivors
#18
K O'Brien, C Boeneke, W Prinyawiwatkul, J Lisano, D Shackelford, K Reeves, M Christensen, R Hayward, K Carabante Ordonez, L K Stewart
Kefir is a fermented milk product that is a good source of protein and health-promoting bacteria. It has the potential to improve recovery from exercise, and the health and well-being of cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to explore cancer survivor attitudes about and acceptance of a kefir recovery beverage made from cultured milk, whole fruit, natural sweeteners, and other natural ingredients. Kefir was made by inoculating and fermenting milk with kefir grains. The kefir was then mixed with a fruit base and given to cancer survivors (n = 52) following a bout of exercise...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434687/vaccine-hesitancy-among-parents-in-a-multi-ethnic-country-malaysia
#19
Fatin Shaheera Mohd Azizi, Yueting Kew, Foong Ming Moy
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy is a threat in combating vaccine-preventable diseases. It has been studied extensively in the Western countries but not so among Asian countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the test-retest reliability of the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) questionnaire in Malay language; to determine the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy among parents and its associations with parents' socio-demographic characteristics. METHODS: Forward and backward translation of PACV in Malay language was carried out...
April 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434672/women-s-attitudes-towards-the-medicalization-of-childbirth-and-their-associations-with-planned-and-actual-modes-of-birth
#20
Yael Benyamini, Maya Lila Molcho, Uzi Dan, Miri Gozlan, Heidi Preis
PROBLEM: Rates of medical interventions in childbirth have greatly increased in the Western world. BACKGROUND: Women's attitudes affect their birth choices. AIM: To assess women's attitudes towards the medicalization of childbirth and their associations with women's background as well as their fear of birth and planned and unplanned modes of birth. METHODS: This longitudinal observational study included 836 parous woman recruited at women's health centres and natural birth communities in Israel...
April 20, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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