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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141123/improving-mental-health-training-for-primary-care-residents-a-resident-led-educational-intervention
#1
Peter J Ureste, Tammy L Duong, Andreea L Seritan, Ana-Maria Iosif, Donald M Hilty
Objective: Psychiatric training in family medicine residency programs is necessary but not always sufficient. A brief educational intervention was designed to help improve family medicine residents' knowledge, comfort, and attitudes in delivering mental health care. Methods: A 6-hour didactic curriculum was taught by 2 psychiatry residents to family medicine residents between February and April 2015. Preintervention and postintervention surveys assessed participant demographics, knowledge, comfort levels, and attitudes regarding treating patients with psychiatric illness...
November 2, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140984/an-observational-study-on-sport-induced-modulation-of-negative-attitude-towards-disability
#2
Giovanni Ottoboni, Melissa Milani, Annalisa Setti, Andrea Ceciliani, Rabih Chattat, Alessia Tessari
The present study investigates whether sport activities involving children with a disability can reduce negative attitudes towards disability in children without disability. We compared the effect of being schoolmate or member of the same football team whereby a child with disability was member of the class/team or not. This lead to four groups that were assessed both at the beginning and at the end of the school year. Two measures were collected: an ad-hoc questionnaire and an Implicit Association Test. The two assessments were designed to measure explicit and implicit attitudes towards children with disabilities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140915/the-actual-versus-idealized-self-exploring-responses-to-feedback-about-implicit-bias-in-health-professionals
#3
Javeed Sukhera, Alexandra Milne, Pim W Teunissen, Lorelei Lingard, Chris Watling
PURPOSE: Implicit bias can adversely affect health disparities. The implicit association test (IAT) is a prompt to stimulate reflection; however, feedback about bias may trigger emotions that reduce the effectiveness of feedback interventions. Exploring how individuals process feedback about implicit bias may inform bias recognition and management curricula. The authors sought to explore how health professionals perceive the influence of the experience of taking the IAT and receiving their results...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140872/an-experimental-investigation-of-implicit-hiv-and-prep-stigma-evidence-for-ancillary-benefits-of-prep-use
#4
Sarit A Golub, Corina Lelutiu-Weinberger, Anthony Surace
BACKGROUND: PrEP stigma (i.e., negative attitudes toward PrEP users) has been widely documented and is considered a significant barrier to implementation. However, few studies have examined PrEP stigma using implicit measures designed to reduce demand characteristics in responding. This study examined implicit PrEP- and HIV-related stigma among gay and bisexual men using geospatial social networking applications (i.e., "hookup apps"). METHODS: Participants were presented with four simulated online profiles (pre-tested for comparability) paired with each of the following characteristics: HIV-negative, HIV-positive, on PrEP, or Substance User...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140781/a-generative-audio-visual-prosodic-model-for-virtual-actors
#5
Adela Barbulescu, Remi Ronfard, Gerard Bailly
An important problem in computer animation of virtual characters is the expression of complex mental states during conversation using the coordinated prosody of voice, rhythm, facial expressions, and head and gaze motion. In this work, the authors propose an expressive conversion method for generating natural speech and facial animation in a variety of recognizable attitudes, using neutral speech and animation as input. Their method works by automatically learning prototypical prosodic contours at the sentence level from an original dataset of dramatic attitudes...
November 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140749/pharmacists-as-vaccinators-an-analysis-of-their-experiences-and-perceptions-of-their-new-role
#6
Sandra Gerges, Elizabeth Peter, Susan K Bowles, Shelley Diamond, Lucie Marisa Bucci, Anne Resnick, Anna Taddio
OBJECTIVES: In 2012, Ontario pharmacists were granted immunization privileges to administer influenza vaccines to the public. This study explored the experiences and practices of pharmacist vaccinators and the impact of vaccination pain on their practice. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 pharmacists in the Greater Toronto Area. Transcribed interview data were coded and analyzed via thematic analysis. KEY FINDINGS: Data analysis revealed 4 main themes: 1) expanded scope of practice as an enhancement and challenge to relationships; 2) professional satisfaction and workload demands; 3) knowledge and attitudes regarding pain and fear; 4) practices regarding pain and fear management...
November 15, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140730/clarifying-the-concept-social-in-risk-assessments-for-human-subjects-research
#7
Sara R Jordan, Phillip W Gray
International guidelines for the conduct of research with human participants, such as those put forth by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS, 2002), recommend that research review committees account for social risk and benefits to society in their review of proposed research. What do the concepts "social" and "society" mean in the context of the review of human participants research? Here we analyze concepts of social and society to define the terms: social harm, social risk, social benefit, and benefits to society...
November 15, 2017: Accountability in Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140619/-i-would-go-if-my-arm-were-hanging-off-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-seeking-behaviors-of-small-farm-owners-in-central-new-york-state
#8
David J Droullard, Pamela J Tinc, Julie A Sorensen
Compared to their rural non-farming peers, farmers are less likely to access preventive healthcare services; however, the reasons for this disparity are poorly understood. We conducted semi-structured interviews with a total of 30 farm household members in central New York. Interview topics included farming identity, perceptions of one's health, past experiences with acute and preventive healthcare, and attitudes toward seeking healthcare services. Grounded Theory analysis of the interview transcripts revealed that (1) utilizing healthcare services is felt to be in conflict with the farming identity, (2) the need to conserve time and money for farm applications poses a barrier to healthcare utilization, (3) farmers decide to seek healthcare when they believe it is necessary to ensure survival of the farm, and (4) the decision to seek healthcare is most strongly driven by the presence of intolerable symptoms, prompting from others, and the perception that treatment will yield clear benefits...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140500/the-persuasion-network-is-modulated-by-drug-use-risk-and-predicts-anti-drug-message-effectiveness
#9
Richard Huskey, J Michael Mangus, Benjamin O Turner, René Weber
While a persuasion network has been proposed, little is known about how network connections between brain regions contribute to attitude change. Two possible mechanisms have been advanced. One hypothesis predicts that attitude change results from increased connectivity between structures implicated in affective and executive processing in response to increases in argument strength. A second functional perspective suggests that highly arousing messages reduce connectivity between structures implicated in the encoding of sensory information, which disrupts message processing and thereby inhibits attitude change...
November 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140146/awareness-and-attitude-towards-use-of-dietary-supplements-and-the-perceived-outcomes-among-saudi-adult-male-members-of-fitness-centers-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Hanan A Alfawaz, Soundararajan Krishnaswamy, Latifah Al-Faifi, Halima Ali Bin Atta, Mohammad Al-Shayaa, Saad A Alghanim, Nasser M Al-Daghri
Dietary supplements are believed to enhance athletic performance and/or prevent/reverse pathological states. Despite the increasing use of dietary supplements in Saudi Arabia, systematic studies in this field are lacking. This study aims to assess the relation between demographic and social characteristics and dietary supplement use among adult males in Saudi Arabia. Demographic and dietary supplements data from fitness club participants were collected through a questionnaire and Pearson Chi-square test was used to determine associations...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139599/adherence-to-a-multifactorial-fall-prevention-program-following-paramedic-care-predictors-and-impact-on-falls-and-health-service-use-results-from-an-rct-a-priori-subgroup-analysis
#11
A Stefanie Mikolaizak, Stephen R Lord, Anne Tiedemann, Paul Simpson, Gideon Caplan, Jason C Bendall, Kirsten Howard, Jacqueline Close
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors and impact of adherence to a multifactorial fall-prevention program on falls and health service utilisation. METHODS: Randomised controlled trial with a priori subgroup analysis within intervention group according to adherence. Participants were community dwelling, (≥65 years), not transported to hospital following fall-related paramedic care. The Attitudes to Falls-Related Interventions Scale (AFRIS) was completed at baseline, adherence levels were measured (three-point scale) at six months, and falls and health service utilisation were recorded for 12 months...
November 15, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139563/the-interplay-of-gender-and-social-background-a-longitudinal-study-of-interaction-effects-in-reading-attitudes-and-behaviour
#12
Michael Becker, Nele McElvany
BACKGROUND: Researchers often report and discuss gender differences. However, recent research has drawn attention to interaction effects between gender and other social categories. AIMS: This study analysed the development of disparities in students' reading-related self-concept, intrinsic motivation, and behaviour, as they relate to differences in gender and socio-economic family background. Drawing on expectancy-value theory, we regarded reading-related self-concept, motivation, and behaviour as key to explaining the growing differences between boys and girls in adolescence...
November 15, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139322/how-pupils-on-the-autism-spectrum-make-sense-of-themselves-in-the-context-of-their-experiences-in-a-mainstream-school-setting-a-qualitative-metasynthesis
#13
Emma I Williams, Kate Gleeson, Bridget E Jones
Evidence that interpersonal interactions and self-appraisal in social context are crucial in developing self-understanding raises concerns about how pupils with autism spectrum disorder make sense of themselves in school settings where many experience social marginalisation. Metasynthesis was used to systematically extract and integrate findings from qualitative studies examining the mainstream school experiences of these students. Synthesised findings identified three, intermeshing, aspects of experience which contribute to many pupils with autism spectrum disorder making sense of themselves as 'different' to typical peers in a negative way: difficulties linked to autism spectrum disorder; interpersonal relationships, particularly with peers; and accessibility of the school environment...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138956/nurses-attitudes-and-practices-towards-provision-of-survivorship-care-for-people-with-a-haematological-cancer-on-completion-of-treatment
#14
Raymond Javan Chan, Elise Button, Alison Thomas, Priscilla Gates, Patsy Yates
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess cancer nurses' perceptions of responsibility, confidence levels and practice in relation to survivorship care for people with a haematological malignancy on completion of treatment. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional survey was conducted. An online survey was distributed to members of two Australian professional bodies. RESULTS: A total of 310 cancer nurses participated in the study, representing a response rate of 28%...
November 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138742/hysterectomy-pathway-as-the-global-engine-of-practice-change-implications-for-value-in-care
#15
Amin Sanei-Moghaddam, Sharon Goughnour, Robert Edwards, John Comerci, Joseph Kelley, Nicole Donnellan, Faina Linkov, Suketu Mansuria
Introduction: In 2012, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) introduced a hysterectomy clinical pathway to reduce the number of total abdominal hysterectomies performed for benign gynecological indications. This study focused on exploring physician and patient factors impacting the utilization of hysterectomy clinical pathways. Methods: An online survey with 24 questions was implemented to explore physicians' attitudes and perceived barriers toward implementing the pathway...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138736/prevalence-of-tobacco-smoking-and-factors-associated-with-the-initiation-of-smoking-among-university-students-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#16
Sahadat Hossain, Shakhaoat Hossain, Fahad Ahmed, Rabiul Islam, Tajuddin Sikder, Abdur Rahman
Introuduction: Tobacco smoking is considered to be the key preventable risk factor for morbidity and mortality at the global level. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of tobacco smoking and factors associated with the initiation of smoking among university students in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted with 264 students of Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh in 2015. A standard, self-administered questionnaire consisting of questions on socio-demographic variables, tobacco smoking status, family and peer tobacco smoking history, attitudes and beliefs about tobacco smoking, as well as knowledge about the negative health consequences of tobacco smoking was administered to participants...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138669/medical-and-dental-students-attitude-and-practice-of-prevention-strategies-against-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-a-nigerian-university
#17
Oyebimpe Jumoke Adenlewo, Peter Olalekan Adeosun, Olawunmi Adedoyin Fatusi
Introduction: Medical and dental students are a high-risk group for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection which is an occupational hazard for them and a leading cause of death globally. Prevention strategies include vaccination and observance of standard precaution. However, available reports claim utilization of the prevention strategies is low. This study evaluated the attitude of the students towards HBV vaccine and cross-infection practices. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study carried out at the College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138539/patient-reported-benefits-from-patient-organization-magazines-and-internet-based-peer-support-in-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#18
Vinaya Manchaiah, Ilmari Pyykkö, Jing Zou, Hilla Levo, Erna Kentala
Objectives: To facilitate self-help, the Finnish Ménière's Federation (FMF) provides various kinds of support to persons with Ménière's disease (MD), which includes patient magazines (PM) and Internet-based peer support (iPS). The current study aimed to evaluate the benefits reported by MD patients in terms of PM and iPS. Method: The study used a cross-sectional survey design with a mixture of structured and open-ended questions administered online. A sample of 185 patients from the FMF membership database provided complete data...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138209/healthcare-providers-gestational-weight-gain-counselling-practises-and-the-influence-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#19
Jill Morris, Hara Nikolopoulos, Tanya Berry, Venu Jain, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Rhonda C Bell
OBJECTIVE: To understand current gestational weight gain (GWG) counselling practices of healthcare providers, and the relationships between practices, knowledge and attitudes. DESIGN: Concurrent mixed methods with data integration: cross-sectional survey and semistructured interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Prenatal healthcare providers in Canada: general practitioners, obstetricians, midwives, nurse practitioners and registered nurses in primary care settings...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138033/randomized-trial-of-high-and-low-fidelity-simulation-to-teach-intrauterine-contraception-placement
#20
Siripanth Nippita, Miriam J Haviland, Sara F Voit, Judith Perez-Peralta, Michele R Hacker, Maureen E Paul
BACKGROUND: High fidelity simulation creates conditions that resemble real circumstances, and can help teach procedures such as intrauterine contraception placement. Its impact on skill retention has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate novice learners' skills, attitudes, and knowledge on placement of intrauterine contraception when trained using a high-fidelity commercially available simulator compared with a low-fidelity simulator. STUDY DESIGN: We recruited senior nurse practitioner students and interns in obstetrics and gynecology and family medicine inexperienced with intrauterine contraception placement...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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