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Attitude

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#1
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Self-esteem is an inner attitude at the base of the construction of personality and psychic balance in addition to be responsible of adaptive processes over the course of life. The concept of self-esteem is commonly used in several disciplines however, it seems that the consensus on its conceptualization and its operationalization is not yet reached. In this context, the concept analysis allows to address a phenomenon and to understand its use and its evolution from a unique disciplinary perspective. The aim of this article is therefore to analyze the concept of self esteem from a nursing perspective to identify : definitions of the term and related terms, attributes, model and limit cases proposed here within the community of mental health nurses, antecedents and consequents as well as the empirical references using the Walker and Avant method...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944405/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-cancer-pain-management-among-nurses-at-oncology-units
#2
Malek Khalel Alnajar, Muhammad W Darawad, Sandi Sami Alshahwan, Osama A Samarkandi
Nurses have major responsibilities to treat cancer pain in an optimal way. Their knowledge and attitudes are the key to success cancer pain management (CPM) process and impact the outcomes of pain treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes toward CPM among Jordanian nurses working at oncology units. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used to collect data from 135 nurses who were working at four oncology units using Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain. The percentage of correct answers was 51...
September 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944324/surgeons-approach-toward-clinical-nutrition-a-survey-based-study
#3
Bahadır Osman Bozkırlı, Rıza Haldun Gündoğdu, Soner Akbaba, Turgay Sayın, Pamir Eren Ersoy
OBJECTIVE: Although many surgical patients face postoperative problems due to a poor nutritional status, there is evidence that many cases of malnutrition still go unnoticed and untreated in surgical wards. This study aims to define the current attitudes of surgeons toward nutritional screening and support. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire with 13 questions was e-mailed to 1500 surgeons. Cross-queries were made over the responses. RESULTS: The response rate was 20...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944289/video-intervention-increases-participation-of-black-breast-cancer-patients-in-therapeutic-trials
#4
Brandi N Robinson, Antoinette F Newman, Eshetu Tefera, Pia Herbolsheimer, Raquel Nunes, Christopher Gallagher, Pamela Randolph-Jackson, Adedamola Omogbehin, Asma Dilawari, Paula R Pohlmann, Mahsa Mohebtash, Young Lee, Yvonne Ottaviano, Avani Mohapatra, Filipa Lynce, Richard Brown, Mihriye Mete, Sandra M Swain
There is a striking racial and ethnic disparity in incidence and mortality of cancer yet minorities remain markedly underrepresented in clinical trials. This pilot study set out to determine the impact of a 15-min culturally tailored educational video on three outcomes relating to clinical trials: likely participation, attitudes (assessed based on six barriers), and actual enrollment. Breast cancer patients with Stage I-III, if diagnosed within previous 6 months, or metastatic disease who self-identified as black or African American were invited to participate...
2017: NPJ Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944277/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-smoke-free-policy-in-philadelphia-public-housing
#5
Ann C Klassen, Nora L Lee, Aaron Pankiewicz, Rikki Ward, Michelle Shuster, Bethany Townsend Ogbenna, Anita Wade, Maxwell Boamah, Olufunlayo Osayameh, Ana M Rule, Dorota Szymkowiak, Ryan Coffman, Virginius Bragg, Giridhar Mallya
OBJECTIVES: Multi-unit housing environments remain significant sources of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure, especially for vulnerable populations in subsidized housing. In Philadelphia, the largest US housing authority to implement smoke-free policies, we measured baseline resident smoking-related behaviors and attitudes, and longitudinal exposures to airborne nicotine, during policy development and implementation. METHODS: In 4 communities, we collected data in 2013, 2014, and 2016, before and after introduction of comprehensive smoke-free policies, interviewing persons in 172 households, and monitoring air-borne nicotine in non-smoking homes and public areas...
April 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944224/the-relationship-between-parental-rearing-behavior-resilience-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease
#6
Ju Ryoung Moon, Jinyoung Song, June Huh, I-Seok Kang, Seung Woo Park, Sung-A Chang, Ji-Hyuk Yang, Tae-Gook Jun
OBJECTIVES: Parental rearing behavior is one factor that influences the strength of resilience. In turn, resilience influences depression. However, it is unclear whether resilience has a mediating effect on the relationship between parental rearing and depression in adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD). Therefore, the associations between parental rearing behavior and resilience and between rearing behavior and symptoms of depression were investigated with respect to age, gender and disease severity...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944116/barriers-to-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-pakistan
#7
Fariha Hasan, Sayed Mustafa Mahmood Shah, Misbah Munaf, Muhammad R Khan, Shayan Marsia, Syed Muhammad Haaris, Muhammad Hammad Shaikh, Ismail Abdur Rahim, Muhammad Salar Anwar, Kassam S Qureshi, Maham Iqbal, Sara Qazi, Burhanuddin A Kasi, Mahnoor Tahir, Syed Inam Ur Rehman, Kaneez Fatima
Background The prevalence of colorectal cancer (CRC) is growing in Pakistan; however, there are no national screening programs or guidelines in place to curb its development. This study was conducted with the aim of ascertaining public awareness and attitudes regarding CRC and current screening practices. Furthermore, the study assessed perceived barriers which could impact future screening processes. Methods A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted among urban dwellers of Karachi, Pakistan...
July 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944041/understanding-the-context-for-pet-cat-and-dog-feeding-and-exercising-behaviour-among-pet-owners-in-ireland-a-qualitative-study
#8
Martin J Downes, Catherine Devitt, Marie T Downes, Simon J More
BACKGROUND: Pet cat and dog obesity contributes to increased risk of several diseases, including cancer and diabetes mellitus as well as a worsening of orthopaedic problems, and a reduction in survival rate. This study aims to develop a better understanding of cat and dog owners' self-reported beliefs and factors that influence owner behaviour around feeding and exercising their pet cat or dog, as there is a lack of in-depth understanding in this area. Seven focus group discussions, with 43 pet owners in total, were conducted...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943986/medical-and-pharmacy-students-attitudes-towards-physician-pharmacist-collaboration-in-kuwait
#9
Maram G Katoue, Abdelmoneim I Awad, Aishah Al-Jarallah, Ebaa Al-Ozairi, Terry L Schwinghammer
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the attitudes of medical and pharmacy students towards physician-pharmacist collaboration and explore their opinions about the barriers to collaborative practice in Kuwait. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of pharmacy and medical students (n=467) was conducted in Faculties of Medicine and Pharmacy, Kuwait University. Data were collected via self-administered questionnaire from first-year pharmacy and medical students and students in the last two professional years of the pharmacy and medical programs...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943748/understanding-the-potential-of-paro-for-healthy-older-adults
#10
Sean A McGlynn, Shawn Kemple, Tracy L Mitzner, Chih-Hung Aaron King, Wendy A Rogers
As the population ages, there is an increasing need for socio-emotional support for older adults. A potential way to meet this need is through interacting with pet-type robots such as the seal robot, PARO. There was a need to extend research on PARO's potential benefits beyond cognitively impaired and dependently living older adults. Because independently living, cognitively intact older adults may also have socio-emotional needs, the primary goal of this study was to investigate their attitudes, emotions, and engagement with PARO to identify its potential applicability to this demographic...
April 2017: International Journal of Human-computer Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943747/african-american-and-black-caribbean-feelings-of-closeness-to-africans
#11
Michael C Thornton, Robert Joseph Taylor, Linda M Chatters, Ivy Forsythe-Brown
African American and Black Caribbean relations dominate research on interactions across black ethnic divides. Using National Survey of American Life data, we explore a different aspect of black interethnic attitudes: how close these groups feel toward Africans. African Americans and Black Caribbeans were largely similar in their feelings of closeness to Africans. For Black Caribbeans, younger and male respondents, those reporting higher levels of financial strain, living in the northeast and persons who immigrated to the United States at least 11 years ago, report feeling especially close to Africans...
2017: Identities (Yverdon)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943646/the-effect-of-message-frames-on-public-attitudes-toward-criminal-justice-reform-for-nonviolent-offenses
#12
Aaron Gottlieb
In recent years, the rhetoric surrounding criminal justice policy has increasingly emphasized reform, rather than being "tough on crime." Although this change in rhetoric is aimed at building public support for reform, little is known about its efficacy. To test the efficacy of reform rhetoric, I conducted an Internet experiment using Amazon Mechanical Turk. Respondents were randomly assigned to one of six message conditions or to a control condition (no message) and then asked their views about eliminating the use of incarceration for select nonviolent offenses...
2017: Crime and Delinquency
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943317/predictors-of-women-s-positive-childbirth-pain-experience-findings-from-an-icelandic-national-study
#13
Sigfridur Inga Karlsdottir, Herdis Sveinsdottir, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Thor Aspelund, Olof Asta Olafsdottir
BACKGROUND: Pain in childbirth has been identified as one of the major components in the childbirth experience and an important topic that needs to be addressed during pregnancy, birth and the after-birth period. AIM: The aim of the study was to describe women's childbirth pain experience and to identify predictors of women's positive childbirth pain experience. METHOD: A population-based cross-sectional cohort study design was implemented, with convenient consecutive sampling, stratified according to residency...
September 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943166/knowledge-behaviors-and-attitudes-of-hiv-infected-men-about-syphilis
#14
A Valdes, C Cazanave, F Dabis, D Neau, D Lacoste, V Gaborieau, S Farbos, M S Dworkin
OBJECTIVE: To explore knowledge on syphilis, sexual behaviors, and attitudes in men living with HIV in southwestern France. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the ANRS CO3 Aquitaine Cohort of people living with HIV (PLHIV), a self-administered questionnaire was proposed to all male PLHIV attending one of the seven participating clinics between September 22 and October 24, 2014. The 15 questions explored patient knowledge about syphilis disease, attitudes, and behaviors during sexual intercourse...
September 21, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942899/strategies-to-translate-knowledge-related-to-common-musculoskeletal-conditions-into-physiotherapy-practice-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Marie-Ève Bérubé, Stéphane Poitras, Marc Bastien, Lydie-Anne Laliberté, Anyck Lacharité, Douglas P Gross
BACKGROUND: Many physiotherapists underuse evidence-based practice guidelines or recommendations when treating patients with musculoskeletal disorders, yet synthesis of knowledge translation interventions used within the field of physiotherapy fails to offer clear conclusions to guide the implementation of clinical practice guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of various knowledge translation interventions used to implement changes in the practice of current physiotherapists treating common musculoskeletal issues...
May 26, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942763/ambivalent-adherence-and-nonadherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-devices-a-qualitative-study
#16
Dana Zarhin, Arie Oksenberg
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is considered the front-line treatment for moderate-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, nonuse rates are very high, such that adherence to CPAP has become a major concern. Although the literature on CPAP use is vast, further research is required to understand patients' experiences of CPAP use and nonuse. This is the goal of this study. METHODS: This study draws on in-depth interviews with 61 Jewish-Israeli patients with OSA who received a recommendation to use a CPAP device...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942615/do-biogenetic-causal-beliefs-reduce-mental-illness-stigma-in-people-with-mental-illness-and-in-mental-health-professionals-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Josephine S Larkings, Patricia M Brown
Viewing mental illness as an 'illness like any other' and promoting biogenetic causes have been explored as a stigma-reduction strategy. The relationship between causal beliefs and mental illness stigma has been researched extensively in the general public, but has gained less attention in more clinically-relevant populations (i.e. people with mental illness and mental health professionals). A systematic review examining whether endorsing biogenetic causes decreases mental illness stigma in people with mental illness and mental health professionals was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
September 24, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942455/fostering-flu-vaccination-in-healthcare-workers-forum-theatre-in-a-university-hospital
#18
Alice Corsaro, Andrea Poscia, Chiara de Waure, Concetta De Meo, Filippo Berloco, Walter Ricciardi, Gianfranco Damiani, Patrizia Laurenti, Collaborating Group
The World Health Organization recommends flu vaccination as the most effective way to prevent the disease and its severe outcomes and has established the minimum vaccination coverage for people at risk at 75%. Even though healthcare workers (HCWs) represent a strongly recommended target group for flu vaccination campaigns, the average coverage among them is still inadequate. In flu season 2015/2016, our University Hospital tested Forum Theatre (FT) as a new participative strategy to foster HCWs engagement regarding flu vaccination...
September 24, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942216/an-ethnography-on-perceptions-of-pain-in-dutch-natural-childbirth
#19
Katie Logsdon, Carolyn Smith-Morris
OBJECTIVE: this study offers insight into how women perceive childbirth pain and how they make decisions about whether to use an epidural during childbirth in the low technology context of the Netherlands maternity care system. DESIGN: ethnographic research consisting of participant observation at births and prenatal and postnatal appointments; semi-structured interviews with a sample of recently post-partum women; coding and triangulation of data to determine key themes in the interviews...
September 11, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942031/the-relationship-between-treatment-accessibility-and-preference-amongst-out-of-treatment-individuals-who-engage-in-non-medical-prescription-opioid-use
#20
Andrew S Huhn, D Andrew Tompkins, Kelly E Dunn
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known regarding the perception of medication-assisted treatments (MATs) and other treatment options amongst individuals that engage in non-medical prescription opioid use. This study surveyed out-of-treatment individuals that misuse opioids to better understand how perceived access to treatment shapes treatment preference. METHODS: Participants (n=357) were out-of-treatment adults registered as workers on the Amazon Mechanical Turk platform who reported current non-medical prescription opioid use...
September 9, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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