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Paola Mosconi, Cinzia Colombo, Anna Roberto, Giulia Candiani, Maria Teresa Greco, Roberto Satolli, Carlo Castellani
Background: Health technology assessment and ethical issues have to be dealt with in deciding on national carrier screening for cystic fibrosis (CF)-the most frequent severe autosomal recessive disease in Caucasian populations and several stakeholders need to be involved. A citizens' jury is one way to ask citizens to deliberate on controversial topics in the interests of a society. The aims of this project were to gather opinions about CF carrier screening through citizens' jury deliberations and to match them with the findings of a large online consultation survey open to the general population, people with CF and families and health professionals...
March 19, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da Fonseca, Danyelle Leonette Araújo Dos Santos, Rafaela Gessner, Lucimara Fabiana Fornari, Rebeca Nunes Guedes de Oliveira, Michaela Chiara Schoenmaker
OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze the perception of high school students about violence in intimacy relations in adolescence, in the light of the category Gender. METHOD: A qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study, based on the comments of 27 adolescents participating in the online game, Papo Reto. The discourses were submitted to the analysis of thematic content and discussed in the light of the category Gender. RESULTS: Adolescents naturalize violence in their relationships of intimacy, but when they recognize it, they react in several ways: with aggressions, dialoguing with the partner or seeking support from third parties...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Albina Dumic, Ivan Miskulin, Nika Pavlovic, Daniela Cacic Kenjeric, Zelimir Orkic, Maja Miskulin
Nutrition care should be an integral part of general practitioners' (GPs') daily work with patients. The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes of Croatian GPs toward nutrition and nutrition care, and to evaluate the interconnection between their attitudes and implementation of nutrition care in GPs offices. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 17.0% of randomly selected GPs, from May to July of 2013, via a specially designed anonymous questionnaire. The study showed that 36.0% of the Croatian GPs had satisfactory number of positive attitudes (5 or more) toward nutrition and nutrition care...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Wies Maarse, Chantal W B Boonacker, Henriette F N Swanenburg de Veye, Moshe Kon, Corstiaan C Breugem, Aebele B Mink van der Molen, Johannes J M van Delden
OBJECTIVES: The prenatal diagnosis of oral clefts (OCs) by ultrasound can pose an ethical dilemma. The purpose of this study was to obtain insight into the psychosocial and moral considerations of prospective parents concerning OCs, the burden of OCs and parents' attitude toward possible termination of pregnancy (TOP) in order to improve counseling in the future. DESIGN: Between August 2011 and August 2014, a prospective cohort questionnaire study was administered...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Batool Tirgari, Leili Mirshekari, Mansooreh Azzizadeh Forouzi
BACKGROUND: Pressure injuries are the third most expensive condition after cancer and cardiovascular disease. Nurses are responsible for the direct and continuous care, treatment, and prevention of pressure injuries. To achieve optimal quality care, nursing knowledge and attitudes must be based on the best scientific evidence. This study aimed to examine the knowledge and attitudes of nurses working in intensive care units of hospitals affiliated with Zahedan Medical Sciences University regarding the prevention of pressure injuries...
April 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Fatima Zehra, Raafia Yousuf, Bharti Kachela, Muhammad Nehal Nadir
This study was conducted among pharmacy students in Karachi, Pakistan, to document prevalence, opinions and their attitudes toward dietary supplement (DS) use. A cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of four months. The study used a specially formulated dietary supplement questionnaire (DSQ). The prevalence of DS use was reported at 48.2%: 51% in males and 47.3% in females. Physician recommendation was cited by majority of students as reason for DS use (n = 153, 25%). Most of the students used multivitamins (n = 315, 51...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Amandine Klipfel
Technicized medicine foreshadows a dehumanisation of care : patients are seen as tools for progress, and doctors are focused on the therapeutical means to be developed. Therefore, surgeons are torn between their desires, as technicians, to improve their tech-nical skills, and their duty, as doctors, to look after each patient who needs care. The advent of laparaoscopy has changed the way doctors consider their patients' bodies. The current state of surgery is in crisis insofar as humanist surgery can no longer meet the aspirations of modern surgery...
October 13, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
V E Guzhin, A V Cherepanov, V M Dzhafarov
AIM: To present own experience in surgical treatment of cervical paragangliomas. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 9 patients with cervical paragangliomas were enrolled. Endovascular embolization of supplying vessels followed by maximally radical surgery and subsequent carotid arteries repair involved into tumoral process reduces the risk of complications. RESULTS: The most careful attitude to caudal group of cranial nerves adjacent or involved into neoplasm allows to minimize postoperative neurological complications...
2018: Khirurgiia
Yu-Ching Tu, Yi-Jung Lin, Lir-Wan Fan, Tung-I Tsai, Hsiu-Hung Wang
The purposes of this study were to develop gain-framed (benefits of performing behaviors) and loss-framed (costs of not performing behaviors) messages and to identify the effects of these messages on human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cervical cancer awareness and vaccination intention. Self-administered questionnaires and effect-size measurements were used to evaluate the effects of the framed HPV vaccination messages delivered through multimedia. The results showed that gain-framed and loss-framed messages equally improved HPV knowledge ( d = 2...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Martina Larsson, Pollyanna Cohen, Gayle Hann, Sarah M Creighton, Deborah Hodes
This pilot study researched the attitudes towards and the knowledge of female genital mutilation (FGM) in adult women with FGM and their partners. The participant population consisted of English-speaking women and men over 18 years old attending specialist FGM clinics in two London hospitals. The participants completed a questionnaire on the attitudes and the knowledge of FGM, which were adapted with permission from the United Nations Children's Fund and the United States Agency for International Development household surveys...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Alexander C Hollis, Edward T Davis
AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of orthopaedic patients towards participating in clinical trials (CTs). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 adult orthopaedic patients at a Tertiary Orthopaedic Centre. Data was collected using a self-completed questionnaire. Statistical analysis was used to compare responses between those that would and would not participate using the chi-squared and the Mann-Whitney U testing. RESULTS: Eighty-four percent of the patients (n = 168) stated that they would be happy to participate in clinical trials research...
March 20, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Josephine Feliciano, Breanna Becker, Manish Shukla, Joann Bodurtha
BACKGROUND: The risk factors, diagnosis, management, and outcomes for lung cancer (LC) are a family experience. Genetic and environmental factors interact to predispose certain groups to LC, including family member, and the family or caregiving unit experiences the disease course as an interdependent group. This qualitative study examined the concerns and preferences of LC patients about incorporating family in addressing their lung cancer experiences and cancer risks. METHODS: This project aims to identify concerns and preferences for addressing family history documentation, risk assessment, prevention, and follow-up issues for LC patients and their family...
March 21, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Minjung Park, Jungmin Yoo
The objective of this study was to explore impacts and benefits of mass customized products on emotional product attachment, favorable attitudes toward a mass customization program, and the ongoing effect on loyalty intentions. This study further investigated how benefits, attachment, attitudes, and loyalty intentions differed as a function of involvement and fashion innovativeness. 290 female online shoppers in South Korea participated in an online survey. Results of this study revealed that perceived benefits positively influenced emotional product attachment and attitudes toward a mass customization program...
February 2018: Heliyon
Farideh Kazemi, Fatemeh Nahidi, Nourossadat Kariman
Background and objective: Pregnancy-related physiologic and psychosocial alterations can impact on the body and cause symptoms which may affect quality of life. Since qualitative studies can provide more in-depth understanding of quality of life and its determining factors, this study was conducted with the aim of exploring factors affecting pregnant women's quality of life. Methods: A qualitative descriptive study with conventional content analysis approach was made using the conventional content analysis approach on a purposeful sample of sixteen pregnant Iranian women in Hamadan, Iran from May 2015 to December 2015...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Samera Radmerikhi, Seyed Vahid Ahmady Tabatabaei, Yunes Jahani, Mohabbat Mohseni
Background and aim: Changes in eating behavior can reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to predict the effective factors of eating behaviors in the prevention of cardiovascular disease using the PRECEDE model. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 400 subjects aged from 20 to 60 years old in Kerman, Iran in 2016. The participants were selected using a multistage random sampling method. A self-administered questionnaire including questions regarding demographic characteristics, eating behavior, and PRECEDE model constructs were completed by the participants...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Andrew C Berry, Nicholas A Berry, Travis S Myers, Joseph Reznicek, Bruce B Berry
Background: Many healthcare professionals consider obese individuals to be unmotivated and to lack the willpower to follow through with weight-loss plans. This attitude may result in less effort put into diagnosing, documenting, and treating obesity. Our aim was to assess documentation patterns of obesity and hypertension overall, by primary care specialty, and in relation to provider body mass index (BMI). Methods: Twenty-two physicians from one outpatient community practice were included: 10 internal medicine and 12 family practice practitioners...
2018: Ochsner Journal
Paul E Smaldino, Thomas J Flamson, Richard McElreath
Human sociality depends upon the benefits of mutual aid and extensive communication. However, diverse norms and preferences complicate mutual aid, and ambiguity in meaning hinders communication. Here we demonstrate that these two problems can work together to enhance cooperation through the strategic use of deliberately ambiguous signals: covert signaling. Covert signaling is the transmission of information that is accurately received by its intended audience but obscured when perceived by others. Such signals may allow coordination and enhanced cooperation while also avoiding the alienation or hostile reactions of individuals with different preferences...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
John A Pugliese, Garen J Wintemute, Stephen G Henry
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to extend prior research on barriers to use of a prescription drug monitoring program by examining psychosocial correlates of intended use among physicians and pharmacists. METHODS: Overall, 1,904 California physicians and pharmacists responded to a statewide survey (24.1% response rate) from August 2016 to January 2017. Participants completed an online survey examining attitudes toward prescription drug misuse and abuse, prescribing practices, prescription drug monitoring program design and ease of use, professional obligations, and normative beliefs regarding prescription drug monitoring program use...
March 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Andres Luque Ramos, Falk Hoffmann, Ove Spreckelsen
BACKGROUND: Waiting times for an outpatient appointment in Germany differ between insurants of the statutory and private health insurance schemes, especially for specialised care. The aim of this study was to uncover possible differences in waiting times depending on health insurance scheme and to identify predictors for excessive waiting times in primary care. METHODS: We used data of the Bertelsmann Foundation Healthcare Monitor, which is a repeated cross sectional study dealing with experiences in health care and attitudes towards current health policy themes...
March 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Fang Ma, Yangjing Bai, Yangjuan Bai, Weiguang Ma, Xiangyu Yang, Jiping Li
BACKGROUND: There is a growing recognition that training is not translated into performance and the 'transfer problem' exists in organization training today. Although factors contributing to training transfer have been identified in business and industry, the factors influencing training transfer in nursing profession remain less clear. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was undertaken in two tertiary referral hospitals in China from February 2013 to September 2013...
March 20, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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