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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743052/giving-birth-on-our-own-terms-women-s-experience-of-childbirth-at-home
#1
Maija-Riitta Jouhki, Tarja Suominen, Päivi Åstedt-Kurki
BACKGROUND: home births are quite rare and are not supported as part of mainstream health care services in most European countries. Women who choose home as the place of birth often do so because maternity services in hospitals do not offer the options that they want. The aim of the present study is to describe women's experiences of giving birth at home and to produce a comprehensive structure of meaning regarding giving birth at home. DESIGN: a phenomenological study based on analysis of open-interview transcripts using Colaizzi's approach...
July 16, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743051/enhancing-women-s-confidence-for-physiologic-birth-maternity-care-providers-perspectives
#2
Melissa A Saftner, Carrie Neerland, Melissa D Avery
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research study was to explore MCP's beliefs and attitudes about physiologic birth and to identify components of antenatal care that providers believe may impact a woman's confidence for physiologic labor and birth. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study included maternity care providers (N=31) in the Midwestern United States. Providers participated in semi-structured interviews to describe their beliefs about physiologic birth, their role in providing information to women and specific care practices to promote women's confidence for physiologic birth...
July 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742851/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-for-cervical-cancer-prevention-and-control-among-women-of-childbearing-age-in-hossana-town-hadiya-zone-southern-ethiopia-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Yitagesu Habtu Aweke, Samuel Yohannes Ayanto, Tariku Laelago Ersado
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer which Ethiopia put a strategic goal to reduce its incidence and mortality by 2020. Lack of knowledge and poor attitude towards the disease and risk factors can affect screening practice and development of preventive behavior for cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, practices and factors for each domain for cervical cancer among women of child bearing age in Hossana town, Southern, Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742774/improving-adherence-to-intraoperative-lung-protective-ventilation-strategies-at-a-university-medical-center
#4
Sean A Josephs, Gretchen A Lemmink, Judith A Strong, Cassandra L Barry, William E Hurford
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative lung-protective ventilation (ILPV) is defined as tidal volumes <8 mL/kg ideal bodyweight and is increasingly a standard of care for major abdominal surgical procedures performed under general anesthesia. In this study, we report the result of a quality improvement initiative targeted at improving adherence to ILPV guidelines in a large academic teaching hospital. METHODS: We performed a time-series study to determine whether anesthesia provider adherence to ILPV was affected by certain improvement interventions and patient ideal body weight (IBW)...
July 24, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742712/specialist-physicians-attitudes-and-practice-patterns-regarding-disclosure-of-pre-referral-medical-errors
#5
Lesly A Dossett, Rondi M Kauffmann, Jay S Lee, Harkamal Singh, M Catherine Lee, Arden M Morris, Reshma Jagsi, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Justin B Dimick
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine specialist physicians' attitudes and practices regarding disclosure of pre-referral errors. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Physicians are encouraged to disclose their own errors to patients. However, no clear professional norms exist regarding disclosure when physicians discover errors in diagnosis or treatment that occurred at other institutions before referral. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews of cancer specialists from 2 National Cancer Institute-designated Cancer Centers...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742443/family-planning-in-southern-india-a-survey-of-women-s-attitudes
#6
Erin Smith, Umesh S Charantimath, Susan F Wilson, Matthew K Hoffman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742437/health-and-safety-adoption-from-use-of-a-risk-assessment-document-on-irish-farms
#7
John McNamara, Patrick Griffin, James Kinsella, James Phelan
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes levels of implementation of occupational health and safety (OHS) controls on a sample of Irish farms following completion of a risk assessment document (RAD) made available as part of a statutory code of practice (COP) for the agriculture sector. The paper describes the legislation mandating the COP and the operation of a prevention initiative (PI) among key stakeholders to develop and promote farmer use of the COP and RAD. METHODS: RADs were collected for farmers (n = 475) and the number and type of OHS controls listed for action were tabulated...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742103/impact-of-teachers-training-on-hiv-aids-education-program-among-secondary-school-students-in-bangladesh-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Haribondhu Sarma, Mohammad Ashraful Islam, Jahidur Rahman Khan, Kamal Ibne Amin Chowdhury, Rukhsana Gazi
BACKGROUND: In 2007, the Government of Bangladesh incorporated a chapter on HIV/AIDS into the national curriculum for an HIV-prevention program for school students. For the efficient dissemination of knowledge, an intervention was designed to train the teachers and equip them to educate on the topic of HIV/AIDS. The present study intended to understand the impact of this intervention by assessing the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to HIV/AIDS, among the targeted students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741801/attitudes-toward-suicidal-behavior-and-associated-factors-among-nursing-professionals-a-quantitative-study
#9
Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Daniel Fernando Magrini, Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, Adriana Inocenti Miasso, Tatiana Longo Borges, Manoel Antônio Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: The attitudes toward suicide of emergency nurses may affect the care provided. However, the factors associated with these attitudes remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate attitudes toward suicidal behavior and associated factors among nursing professionals working in emergency settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study including 28 nurses and 118 were nursing assistants employed at two emergency services in Brazil was conducted...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741743/indoor-air-problems-and-experiences-of-injustice-in-the-workplace-a-quantitative-and-a-qualitative-study
#10
Eerika Finell, Tuija Seppälä
This paper explores subjective injustice experiences of individuals suffering from suspected or observed indoor air problems in their workplaces in two studies. We focus on injustice experiences because they influence how individuals cope with and recover from health problems. The first study reports associations between the perceived harmfulness of the indoor environment (i.e., mould/inadequate ventilation) and subjective injustice experiences in workplaces in a representative sample of Finnish working-aged people (N = 4633)...
July 25, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741010/perception-of-a-single-session-pre-in-vitro-fertilisation-counselling-service-and-attitudes-towards-support-group-a-survey-of-patients-in-singapore
#11
Gaik Suan Lim, Reshmi Karayan Kayanoth, Birit Fp Broekman, Cornelia Yi Chee
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate patients' evaluation of a compulsory pre-in vitro fertilisation (IVF) counselling session in Singapore and determine their attitudes towards attending a support group during IVF treatment. METHODS: 464 patients due to undergo their first IVF treatment were recruited at the Clinic for Human Reproduction, National University Hospital, Singapore. All patients attended a counselling session conducted by a clinical psychologist trained in infertility counselling prior to IVF treatment...
July 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740850/the-role-of-dog-population-management-in-rabies-elimination-a-review-of-current-approaches-and-future-opportunities
#12
REVIEW
Louise H Taylor, Ryan M Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M Lindenmayer, Douglas C Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H Nel
Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of free-roaming dogs, reduce problems they may cause, and may also aim to reduce dog population size. In theory, DPM can facilitate more effective rabies control. Community engagement focused on promoting responsible dog ownership and better veterinary care could improve the health of individual animals and dog vaccination coverage, thus reducing rabies transmission...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740443/approaches-to-teach-evidence-based-practice-among-health-professionals-an-overview-of-the-existing-evidence
#13
REVIEW
Athina E Patelarou, Konstantinos G Kyriakoulis, Aliki A Stamou, Aggelos Laliotis, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Michail Matalliotakis, Emmanuel Prokopakis, Evridiki Patelarou
Health care professionals' adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP) remains limited, although most health care professionals are familiar with EBP and believe in its value. This systematic review aimed to bring together the best methods used to teach EBP to health professionals. The authors conducted a systematic search for the period 2005-2015 (an update of the search took place in October 2016) using PubMed interface (Medline). MeSH terms as well as free-text keywords were used. Studies were analyzed and evaluated by title and abstract...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740399/a-safety-culture-assessment-by-mixed-methods-at-a-public-maternity-and-infant-hospital-in-china
#14
Tita Alissa Listyowardojo, Xiaoling Yan, Stephen Leyshon, Bobbie Ray-Sannerud, Xin Yan Yu, Kai Zheng, Tao Duan
OBJECTIVE: To assess safety culture at a public maternity hospital in Shanghai, China, using a sequential mixed methods approach. The study was part of a bigger study looking at the application of the mixed methods approach to assess safety culture in health care in different organizations and countries. METHODOLOGY: A mixed methods approach was utilized by first distributing the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire measuring six safety culture dimensions and five independent items to all hospital staff (n=1482) working in 18 departments at a single hospital...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739836/psychological-impact-of-electrocardiogram-screening-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-athletes
#15
Irfan M Asif, Scott Annett, Joseph A Ewing, Ramy Abdelfattah, Brittan Sutphin, Kyle Conley, Justin Rothmier, Kimberly G Harmon, Jonathan A Drezner
PURPOSE: Determine the psychological impact of false-positive ECG screening in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes. METHODS: Athletes representing seven NCAA institutions received a standardised history, physical examination and ECG interpreted using the 2013 Seattle Criteria. Assessments of health attitudes, anxiety and impact of screening on sport were conducted using validated prescreen and postscreen measurements. RESULTS: 1192 student-athletes participated (55...
July 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739638/undue-inducement-or-unfair-exclusion-considering-a-case-study-of-pregnancy-in-an-hiv-prevention-trial
#16
Bridget G Haire, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan
In their recent paper' Undue inducement: a case study in CAPRISA 008', Mngadi et al conclude that a participant in an HIV prevention study who deliberately concealed her pregnancy was not'unduly induced' to participate by the offer of an experimental product. This paper argues that while the authors' conclusion is sound, the framing of this case study is consistent with the preoccupation in research ethics with the concept of undue inducement, coupled with a highly risk-averse attitude to pregnancy (regardless of whether those risks may be willingly assumed by pregnant women themselves)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739551/the-description-of-a-new-case-with-proopiomelanocortin-pomc-deficiency-an-increasingly-important-diagnosis-to-make
#17
Semra Çetinkaya, Tülay Güran, Erdal Kurnaz, Melikşah Keskin, Elif Sağsak, Senay Savaş Erdeve, Jenifer P Suntharalingham, Federica Buonocore, John Achermann, Zehra Aycan
International surveillance data suggests a worldwide epidemic of pediatric obesity regardless of geographic, socioeconomic, racial and ethnic factors. Reversing this epidemic of pediatric obesity will require recognition and understanding of the pathophysiology of the condition to enable us to develop novel therapies as well as taking measures to shift social attitudes and public policies at a global level. Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) deficiency is a rare monogenic disorder of early-onset obesity, which has increased our insight into the important role of the leptin-melanocortin pathway in energy balance...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739538/the-implementation-of-prolonged-exposure-design-of-a-multisite-study-evaluating-the-usefulness-of-workshop-with-and-without-consultation
#18
Edna B Foa, Carmen P McLean, Laurie J Zandberg, Yinyin Zang, Anu Asnaani, Kathy Benhamou, David Rosenfield, Heather Campbell, Jeremy Francis, Brenda S Hanson, Ivett J Lillard, Thomas J Patterson, Valerie Scott, Charles Weber, Joseph E Wise, Charles Zamora, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Alan L Peterson
This randomized trial examines the dissemination and implementation of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for posttraumatic stress symptoms in U.S. Army medical treatment facilities. The study compares two PE training models: Standard PE training, comprised of a 4-day workshop only, and Extended PE training, comprised of a 4-day workshop plus expert case consultation. Behavioral health providers (N=180) across three medium-to-large Army installations will be randomly assigned to either Standard PE training or Extended PE training...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738854/understanding-clinician-attitudes-towards-implementation-of-guided-self-help-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-those-who-hear-distressing-voices-using-factor-analysis-to-test-normalisation-process-theory
#19
Cassie M Hazell, Clara Strauss, Mark Hayward, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: The Normalisation Process Theory (NPT) has been used to understand the implementation of physical health care interventions. The current study aims to apply the NPT model to a secondary mental health context, and test the model using exploratory factor analysis. This study will consider the implementation of a brief cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis (CBTp) intervention. METHODS: Mental health clinicians were asked to complete a NPT-based questionnaire on the implementation of a brief CBTp intervention...
July 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738809/surgical-frailty-assessment-a-missed-opportunity
#20
Gilgamesh Eamer, Jennifer A Gibson, Chelsia Gillis, Amy T Hsu, Marian Krawczyk, Emily MacDonald, Reid Whitlock, Rachel G Khadaroo
BACKGROUND: Preoperative frailty predicts adverse postoperative outcomes. Despite the advantages of incorporating frailty assessment into surgical settings, there is limited research on surgical healthcare professionals' use of frailty assessment for perioperative care. METHODS: Healthcare professionals caring for patients enrolled at a Canadian teaching hospital were surveyed to assess their perceptions of frailty, as well as attitudes towards and practices for frail patients...
July 24, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
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