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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527411/trends-in-reports-of-driving-following-illicit-drug-consumption-among-regular-drug-users-in-australia-2007-2013-has-random-roadside-drug-testing-had-a-deterrent-effect
#1
Danielle Horyniak, Paul Dietze, Simon Lenton, Rosa Alati, Raimondo Bruno, Allison Matthews, Courtney Breen, Lucy Burns
INTRODUCTION: Driving following illicit drug consumption ('drug-driving') is a potential road safety risk. Roadside drug testing (RDT) is conducted across Australia with the dual aims of prosecuting drivers with drugs in their system and deterring drug-driving. We examined trends over time in self-reported past six-month drug-driving among sentinel samples of regular drug users and assessed the impact of experiences of RDT on drug-driving among these participants. METHODS: Data from 1913 people who inject drugs (PWID) and 3140 regular psychostimulant users (RPU) who were first-time participants in a series of repeat cross-sectional sentinel studies conducted in Australian capital cities from 2007 to 2013 and reported driving in the past six months were analysed...
May 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527134/comparison-of-nurses-and-general-caregivers-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-on-medication-administration-process-and-their-distress-level-in-long-term-care-facilities-across-penang-kuala-lumpur-and-selangor-of-malaysia
#2
Balamurugan Tangiisuran, Sok Cin Tye, May Yen Leow, Rahmat Awang
AIM: Comparing nurses and general caregivers' knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) on medication administration process in long-term care (LTC) setting and an assessment of their stress, anxiety, and depression (SAD) level. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among nurses and general caregivers working in LTC using a validated questionnaire. Consisting of demographic characteristics (Section 1); 40 questions on KAP (Section 2); and assessment of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) (Section 3)...
May 19, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526973/predictors-of-adult-marijuana-use-among-parents-and-nonparents
#3
Marina Epstein, Jennifer A Bailey, Christine M Steeger, Karl G Hill, Martie L Skinner
The current study examined predictors of marijuana use among adults, including subsamples of adults who are actively parenting (i.e., have regular face-to-face contact with a child) and those who have no children. Participants were a community sample of 808 adults and two subsamples drawn from the full group: 383 adults who were actively parenting and 135 who had no children. Multilevel models examined predictors of marijuana use in these three groups from ages 27 to 39. Becoming a parent was associated with a decrease in marijuana use...
May 19, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526972/patient-experiences-attitudes-and-expectations-towards-receiving-information-about-anti-tnf-medication-a-quantitative-study
#4
Jon Packham, Paul Arkell, Tom Sheeran, Ann Brownfield, Anthony Cadwgan, Sarah Ryan
The objective of the study was to measure patient attitudes and experience of information received during drug counselling for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) medications. This is a cross-sectional UK postal questionnaire study. Three RA patient groups-disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) only, first anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) and failed anti-TNF-were sent postal questionnaires. Data on patient history/demographics, drug counselling experience, knowledge of drug side effects, attitudes to vaccinations, cancer screening and blood borne virus testing was collected; 264/679 (39%) patients responded (median age 65 years, 66% female, median disease duration 15 years)...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526674/development-of-a-web-based-health-care-intervention-for-patients-with-heart-disease-lessons-learned-from-a-participatory-design-study
#5
Birgitte Noergaard, Marianne Sandvei, Nina Rottmann, Helle Johannessen, Uffe Wiil, Thomas Schmidt, Susanne S Pedersen
BACKGROUND: The use of telemedicine technologies in health care has increased substantially, together with a growing interest in participatory design methods when developing telemedicine approaches. OBJECTIVE: We present lessons learned from a case study involving patients with heart disease and health care professionals in the development of a personalized Web-based health care intervention. METHODS: We used a participatory design approach inspired by the method for feasibility studies in software development...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526663/effects-of-using-child-personas-in-the-development-of-a-digital-peer-support-service-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#6
Pontus Wärnestål, Petra Svedberg, Susanne Lindberg, Jens M Nygren
BACKGROUND: Peer support services have the potential to support children who survive cancer by handling the physical, mental, and social challenges associated with survival and return to everyday life. Involving the children themselves in the design process allows for adapting services to authentic user behaviors and goals. As there are several challenges that put critical requirements on a user-centered design process, we developed a design method based on personas adapted to the particular needs of children that promotes health and handles a sensitive design context...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526366/adolescent-physical-activity-moderation-of-individual-factors-by-neighborhood-environment
#7
Heather D'Angelo, Stephanie L Fowler, Linda C Nebeling, April Y Oh
INTRODUCTION: Less than a third of U.S. adolescents meet federal physical activity (PA) guidelines. Understanding correlates of PA at multiple levels of the Social Ecological Model could improve PA interventions among youth. This study examines (1) associations between factors across the Social Ecological Model including psychosocial factors, perceived neighborhood physical and social environment characteristics, and adolescent moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) and (2) whether perceived neighborhood characteristics moderate associations between psychosocial factors and MVPA...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526191/aiding-risk-information-learning-through-simulated-experience-arise-using-simulated-outcomes-to-improve-understanding-of-conditional-probabilities-in-prenatal-down-syndrome-screening
#8
Pete Wegier, Victoria A Shaffer
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of simulated experiences to communicate statistical information can improve an individual's understanding of conditional probabilities-specifically the positive predictive value (PPV) of prenatal screening tests for Down syndrome. METHODS: In Experiment 1 (N=64) and Experiment 2 (N=180) participants were asked to estimate the PPV of a prenatal screening test for Down syndrome based on either (1) explicit statistics regarding the prevalence of Down syndrome and the sensitivity and specificity of a prenatal screening test for Down syndrome, or (2) experiencing up to 5000 simulated test results over a short time...
April 26, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526035/microblogging-violent-attacks-on-medical-staff%C3%A2-in-china-a-case-study-of-the-longmen-county-people-s-hospital-incident
#9
Jia Tian, Li Du
BACKGROUND: A violent attack on medical staff in Guangdong Province, in which a female doctor at Longmen County People's Hospital (LCPH) was severely injured by a knife-wielding patient, has drawn significant public attention to the phenomenon of hospital violence and initiated discussions on how to resolve violence in hospitals. Social networking sites, such as Sina Weibo, a Chinese version of Twitter, have played a role in this public debate. The incident at LCPH provides an opportunity to examine how Weibo has been used in the debate about violence against medical staff in China...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525792/team-effectiveness-in-non-governmental-organizations-ngos-projects
#10
Khawaja Fawad Latif, Nigel Williams
The incorporation of team context into research and practice regarding team effectiveness in NGOs projects is a constant challenge. The research seeks to address the gap and identify the critical determinants of team effectiveness in projects undertaken by non-governmental organizations. Using a systematic process, the study involved both literature and focus group discussions to generate the required items. A total of 157 respondents (Team Members and Team Leaders) were part of the study that filled the questionnaires...
May 10, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525577/moving-triadic-gaze-intervention-into-practice-measuring-clinician-attitude-and-implementation-fidelity
#11
Julie Feuerstein, Lesley B Olswang, Kathryn Greenslade, Gay Lloyd Pinder, Patricia Dowden, Jodi Madden
Purpose: This research investigated a first step in implementing the dynamic assessment (DA) component of Triadic Gaze Intervention (Olswang, Feuerstein, Pinder, & Dowden, 2013; Olswang et al., 2014), an evidence-based protocol for teaching early signals of communication to young children with physical disabilities. Clinician attitudes about adopting external evidence into practice and implementation fidelity in DA protocol delivery were examined following training. Method: Seven early intervention clinicians from multiple disciplines were trained to deliver the four essential elements of the DA protocol: (a) provide communication opportunity, (b) recognize child's potentially communicative signal, (c) shape child's signal toward triadic gaze, and (d) reinforce with play...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525431/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-prenursing-and-nursing-students-about-sexual-assault
#12
Judith L Strunk
Sexual assault has been identified as a major public health problem in the United States, yet little research has been done regarding nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault. Lack of knowledge, or victim-blaming attitudes held by healthcare providers can be problematic for the care of the sexual assault victim, leaving them feeling upset and distressed after the healthcare encounter. Prenursing and nursing students were surveyed about their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525348/obesity-prevalence-and-contributing-factors-among-adolescents-in-secondary-schools-in-pemagatshel-district-bhutan
#13
Wang Norbu, Ugyen Wangdi, Desang Dorji, Dumrongkiet Arthan, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Pannamas Maneekan, Pimpimon Thongthien, Nantaporn Viravathana, Pattaneeya Prangthip
Background The prevalence of obesity has increased globally, with childhood and adolescent obesity being more common in developed countries. There has been no study on teenage obesity in Bhutan. In this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence of obesity in Bhutan for the first time in order to provide a baseline for future researchers. Methods The investigation, which included 392 adolescents, aimed to identify the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its contributing factors. Anthropometric measurements, food recall and knowledge, attitude, behaviour and environment questionnaires were administered...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525203/-short-history-of-cranial-trauma-in-western-country-part-2
#14
J Noterman
The treatment of cranial traumatism has been the subject of numerous publications since the " corpus hippocraticum ". Following this period, the school of Alexandria will only be known thanks to Celsus. After him, Galen will determine the therapeutic attitude in accordance with the hippocratic theory. This theory will have an influence for more than 1.500 years. A better knowledge of anatomy will shake the galenic system for the first time at the Renaissance. The decisive progress will arise in the XIX century, with the emergence of experimental medicine, Pasteur's discoveries, and the greater knowledge of nervous system function...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524905/oral-care-exploring-education-attitudes-and-behaviors-among-nurses-caring-for-patients-with-breast-cancer%C3%A2
#15
Jennifer A Suminski, Marita Inglehart, Stephanie M Munz, Catherine H Van Poznak, L Susan Taichman
BACKGROUND: Patients treated for breast cancer often experience severe oral complications, such as mucositis, xerostomia, and infections, which can result in dose reductions and treatment delays, affecting treatment outcomes.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to explore oncology nurses' perceptions of their educational experiences, professional attitudes, and behavior related to providing oral healthcare education to patients with breast cancer.
...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524793/moral-dilemmas-of-women-undergoing-pregnancy-termination-for-medical-reasons-in-poland
#16
Kornelia Zaręba, Michał Ciebiera, Małgorzata Bińkowska, Grzegorz Jakiel
OBJECTIVES: We explored the religious views and dilemmas of Polish women making the decision to terminate a pregnancy. The article discusses the highly restrictive legislation and significant influence of the Church on the lives of Polish citizens. METHODS: This study was designed to investigate the effect of religious and political beliefs, social and moral conditioning and professional support on the decision to abort a fetus. A 65-item questionnaire was administered to 60 participants at the time of their pregnancy termination...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524702/school-success-and-participation-for-students-with-cerebral-palsy-a-qualitative-study-exploring-multiple-perspectives
#17
Helen M Bourke-Taylor, Claire Cotter, Aislinn Lalor, Lindy Johnson
PURPOSE: This qualitative study investigated perceived successful school experiences for students with cerebral palsy in Australia. Participation and appropriate support in school are complex concepts, although few studies have investigated all stakeholders' perspectives. METHODS: Phenomenology informed the study that centered on the concept of a successful school experience. In-depth interviews occurred with students (n = 7), parents (n = 11), teachers (n = 10), school principals (n = 9) and allied health practitioners (n = 10) to gain the perspective from multiple vantage points...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524255/enablers-and-barriers-to-the-use-of-antibiotic-guidelines-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-qualitative-study-of-clinicians-perspectives
#18
Antoine Sedrak, Mahesan Anpalahan, Karen Luetsch
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common condition and a number of guidelines have been developed for its assessment and treatment. Adherence to guidelines by clinicians varies and particularly the prescribing of antibiotics often remains suboptimal. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate potential barriers and enablers to the adherence to antibiotic guidelines by clinicians treating CAP in an Australian hospital. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with purposively recruited senior prescribers who regularly treat CAP in an Australian hospital...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524143/-features-of-psycho-emotional-state-of-patients-with-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#19
A A Shchuko, T N Yureva, A N Zlobina
AIM: to investigate peculiarities of psycho-emotional reactions in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 35 patients with CSCR (mean age of 47.7±8.5 years) and 26 volunteers without visual impairment (mean age of 35.8±4.5 years). Their psycho-emotional state was studied using the SCL-90-R questionnaire (the severity of psychopathological symptomatology), TOBOL method (the type of attitude to the disease), Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ) (strategies for controlling behavior), Spielberger-Hanin method (the level of anxiety), and the VFQ-25 questionnaire (quality of life)...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524073/parents-attitudes-toward-clinical-genetic-testing-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-data-from-a-norwegian-sample
#20
Jarle Johannessen, Terje Nærland, Sigrun Hope, Tonje Torske, Anne Lise Høyland, Jana Strohmaier, Arvid Heiberg, Marcella Rietschel, Srdjan Djurovic, Ole A Andreassen
Clinical genetic testing (CGT) of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have positive and negative effects. Knowledge about parents' attitudes is needed to ensure good involvement of caregivers, which is crucial for accurate diagnosis and effective clinical management. This study aimed to assess parents' attitudes toward CGT for ASD. Parent members of the Norwegian Autism Society were given a previously untested questionnaire and 1455 answered. Linear regression analyses were conducted to evaluate contribution of parent and child characteristics to attitude statements...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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