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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913114/the-role-of-pharmacists-in-caring-for-young-people-with-chronic-illness
#1
Nicola J Gray, Karen L Shaw, Felicity J Smith, Jonathan Burton, Julie Prescott, Rachel Roberts, David Terry, Janet E McDonagh
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived and potential roles of pharmacists in the care of young people aged 10-24 years with chronic illness, through the exemplar of juvenile arthritis, from the perspectives of UK community and hospital pharmacists, health service commissioners, rheumatology health professionals, and lay advocates. METHODS: A sequential mixed methods study design comprises the following: focus groups with community and hospital pharmacists; telephone interviews with pharmacy and rheumatology stakeholders and commissioners; and multidisciplinary group discussions to prioritize roles generated by the first two qualitative phases...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905078/improving-the-provision-of-otc-medication-information-in-community-pharmacies-in-poland
#2
Anna Piecuch, Magdalena Makarewicz-Wujec, Małgorzata Kozłowska-Wojciechowska
Background An informed or shared decision-making model is desirable to support the choice of over-the-counter (OTC) medications in pharmacies: it respects patient empowerment in self-medication. Such a model is achievable provided that pharmacists are a credible, competent information source open to patient needs. Objective To study the dependencies among selected factors that may influence the provision of OTC medication information. The study was conducted from the perspective of a community pharmacist. Method The study consisted of an auditorium survey with a self-administered questionnaire...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905074/community-pharmacist-perceptions-of-delivering-post-hospital-discharge-medicines-use-reviews-for-elderly-patients
#3
Paul Rutter, Helen Ramsbottom, Ray Fitzpatrick
Background The UK's Department of Health has recommended that formal communication channels between hospital and community pharmacy should be established so that post discharge Medicines Use Reviews (dMUR) become an integral part of the medicines pathway. Objective To investigate the perspective of community pharmacists on the usefulness of dMUR referrals from hospital, the suitability of patients referred and overall views on the service. Method Self-completed survey distributed to 21 community pharmacists who had received referrals from the hospital during a 9-month randomized controlled feasibility study...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902840/team-based-interprofessional-competency-training-for-dementia-screening-and-management
#4
Zaldy S Tan, JoAnn Damron-Rodriguez, Mary Cadogan, Daphna Gans, Rachel M Price, Sharon S Merkin, Lee Jennings, Heather Schickedanz, Sam Shimomura, Dan Osterweil, Joshua Chodosh
As many as 50% of people satisfying diagnostic criteria for dementia are undiagnosed. A team-based training program for dementia screening and management was developed targeting four professions (medicine, nursing, pharmacy, social work) whose scope of practice involves dementia care. An interprofessional group of 10 faculty members was trained to facilitate four interactive competency stations on dementia screening, differential diagnoses, dementia management and team care planning, and screening for and managing caregiver stress...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899830/the-development-of-the-croatian-competency-framework-for-pharmacists
#5
Iva Mucalo, Maja Ortner Hadžiabdić, Tihana Govorčinović, Martina Šarić, Andreia Bruno, Ian Bates
Objective. To adjust and validate the Global Competency Framework (GbCF) to be relevant for Croatian community and hospital pharmacists. Methods. A descriptive study was conducted in three steps: translation, consensus development, and validation by an expert panel and public consultation. Panel members were representatives from community pharmacies, hospital pharmacies, regulatory and professional bodies, academia, and industry. Results. The adapted framework consists of 96 behavioral statements organized in four clusters: Pharmaceutical Public Health, Pharmaceutical Care, Organization and Management, and Personal and Professional Competencies...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896882/quality-of-claims-and-references-found-in-australian-pharmacy-journal-advertisements
#6
Mona Mandoh, Colin Michael Curtain
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quality of pharmaceutical advertisement claims and supporting references in Australian pharmacy journals that target community pharmacists. METHODS: All full-page advertisements for a medicinal product, found in two Australian pharmacy journals from the year 2012 to 2015 were included. Advertisement claims and references were evaluated by claim type (unambiguous to immeasurable) and level of evidence (strong to irrelevant) in supporting references...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896880/a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey-of-medication-utilization-among-chronic-disease-patients-in-china
#7
Mark A Strand, Kirstin Gramith, Macy Royston, Xiaoxi Wang, Judith Perry, Curt Elliott
OBJECTIVES: To determine medication use patterns and associated health outcomes in Chinese individuals with diabetes, hypertension or hyperlipidaemia. METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study was done in a north China city of 300 000 people. Participants were recruited by poster and phone call through Community Health Centres. Data were collected on 638 Chinese individuals. Interviews were done to screen for disease and health behaviours. Fasting blood was collected and analyzed...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893940/community-healthcare-professionals-overestimate-the-risk-of-fatal-anaphylaxis-for-food-allergic-children
#8
H J Hanna, J Emmanuel, S Naim, T Umasunthar, R J Boyle
BACKGROUND: Fatal food anaphylaxis is rare, but a major concern for people with food allergy and their carers. We evaluated whether community healthcare professionals accurately estimate risk of fatal anaphylaxis for food allergic children, and whether accurate risk estimation is related to competence in recognizing and managing anaphylaxis. METHODS: We enrolled 90 community healthcare professionals in a cross-sectional survey - 30 primary care nurses, 30 school first aiders, 30 community pharmacists...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890453/transition-of-care-a-set-of-pharmaceutical-interventions-improves-hospital-discharge-prescriptions-from-an-internal-medicine-ward
#9
Marine Neeman, Maria Dobrinas, Sophie Maurer, Damien Tagan, Annelore Sautebin, Anne-Laure Blanc, Nicolas Widmer
BACKGROUND: Continuity of care between hospitals and community pharmacies needs to be improved to ensure medication safety. This study aimed to evaluate whether a set of pharmaceutical interventions to prepare hospital discharge facilitates the transition of care. METHODS: This study took place in the internal medicine ward and in surrounding community pharmacies. The intervention group's patients underwent a set of pharmaceutical interventions during their hospital stay: medication reconciliation at admission, medication review, and discharge planning...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883003/opportunities-to-develop-the-professional-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-the-care-of-patients-with-asthma-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Kim Watkins, Aline Bourdin, Michelle Trevenen, Kevin Murray, Peter A Kendall, Carl R Schneider, Rhonda Clifford
There are many indications in Australia and globally that asthma management is suboptimal. Ideally, patients need to proactively self-manage the condition with the support of health professionals. Community pharmacists are a highly accessible resource for patients but currently provide inconsistent services. General practitioners also face many barriers to the provision of chronic disease management for asthma patients. The aim of this research was to characterise patients with asthma who present to community pharmacy...
November 24, 2016: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881250/opportunistic-risk-screening-for-type-2-diabetes-exploring-of-application-of-diabetes-risk-assessment-tool-in-community-pharmacy-in-australia-and-thailand
#11
Thitaporn Thoopputra, Tipaporn Pongmesa, David Andrew Newby, Jennifer Schneider, Shu Chuen Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of providing diabetes risk assessment at community pharmacy level in Australia and Thailand from organizational aspects. METHODS: The intervention study was conducted in eight community pharmacies in New South Wales, Australia, and six community pharmacies in Central Thailand. Diabetes risk assessment tools were applied to determine the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. An open-ended question was asked to solicit the willingness-to-pay value for the service...
May 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878507/the-scope-and-value-of-an-anticoagulation-stewardship-program-at-a-community-teaching-hospital
#12
Maura K Wychowski, Christina I Ruscio, Peter A Kouides, Ronald L Sham
To report the impact of an inpatient anticoagulation stewardship program at a community hospital to promote optimal anticoagulant use. The anticoagulation team (ACT) stewardship program consists of two clinical pharmacists and hematologists to provide oversight of anticoagulants, high cost reversal agents including prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC, Kcentra™), and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) management. Intervention data and number of charts reviewed were collected. Average cost avoidance data was applied to ACT interventions to estimate cost savings...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877099/asthma-review-for-pharmacists-providing-asthma-education
#13
Stacie J Lampkin, Cheryl A Maslouski, William A Maish, Barnabas M John
Asthma is the most common pediatric illness affecting more than 6 million children in the United States. Children with asthma have more frequent office visits and hospitalizations compared with adults. Despite advances in therapies, asthma still has a significant effect on the health care system. Regardless of the setting, pharmacists are uniquely equipped with an intimate knowledge of medications. With this knowledge, they can provide education to patients at various points throughout the health care system, from hospitalization to office visits to point of pick up at the pharmacy...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877021/medicine-related-services-in-community-pharmacy-public-preferences-for-pharmacy-attributes-and-promotional-methods-and-comparison-with-pharmacists-perceptions
#14
Shivaun M Gammie, Ruth M Rodgers, Ruey Leng Loo, Sarah A Corlett, Janet Krska
BACKGROUND: Public awareness of pharmacy services designed to support the use of medicines is low, yet little is known about how the public view promotion of these services, or their preferences for the attributes of pharmacies from which they would like to receive them. OBJECTIVE: To compare the public's preferred attributes of pharmacies and methods for promoting medicine-related services with community pharmacists' perceptions of their customers' views. METHODS: Parallel surveys were conducted in South East England, using a street survey for the general public and a postal survey for community pharmacists...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876595/behavioral-mental-and-physical-health-characteristics-and-opioid-medication-misuse-among-community-pharmacy-patients-a-latent-class-analysis
#15
Gerald Cochran, Valerie Hruschak, Jennifer L Bacci, Kenneth C Hohmeier, Ralph Tarter
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are well-positioned to address the US opioid medication crisis, which has created a need to detect misuse risk in order to provide optimal patient care. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify community pharmacy patient subgroups at risk for opioid medication misuse. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional survey that examined behavioral, mental, and physical health characteristics among patients filling opioid pain medications...
November 15, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876529/comparison-of-community-and-hospital-pharmacists-attitudes-and-behaviors-on-medication-error-disclosure-to-the-patient-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#16
ChungYun Kim, Jennifer L Mazan, Ana C Quiñones-Boex
OBJECTIVES: To determine pharmacists' attitudes and behaviors on medication errors and their disclosure and to compare community and hospital pharmacists on such views. METHODS: An online questionnaire was developed from previous studies on physicians' disclosure of errors. Questionnaire items included demographics, environment, personal experiences, and attitudes on medication errors and the disclosure process. An invitation to participate along with the link to the questionnaire was electronically distributed to members of two Illinois pharmacy associations...
November 19, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871324/factors-affecting-the-delivery-of-community-pharmacist-led-medication-reviews-evidence-from-the-medscheck-annual-service-in-ontario
#17
Petros Pechlivanoglou, Lusine Abrahamyan, Linda MacKeigan, Giulia P Consiglio, Lisa Dolovich, Ping Li, Suzanne M Cadarette, Valeria E Rac, Jonghyun Shin, Murray Krahn
BACKGROUND: Medication reviews have become part of pharmacy practice across developed countries. This study aimed to identify factors affecting the likelihood of eligible Ontario seniors receiving a pharmacy-led medication review called MedsCheck annual (MCA). METHODS: We designed a cohort study using a random sample of pharmacy claims for MCA-eligible Ontario seniors using linked administrative data from April 2012 to March 2013. Guided by a conceptual framework, we constructed a generalized-estimating-equations model to estimate the effect of patient, pharmacy and community factors on the likelihood of receiving MCA...
November 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866945/a-global-call-from-five-countries-to-collaborate-in-antibiotic-stewardship-united-we-succeed-divided-we-might-fail
#18
REVIEW
Debra A Goff, Ravina Kullar, Ellie J C Goldstein, Mark Gilchrist, Dilip Nathwani, Allen C Cheng, Kelly A Cairns, Kevin Escandón-Vargas, Maria Virginia Villegas, Adrian Brink, Dena van den Bergh, Marc Mendelson
In February, 2016, WHO released a report for the development of national action plans to address the threat of antibiotic resistance, the catastrophic consequences of inaction, and the need for antibiotic stewardship. Antibiotic stewardship combined with infection prevention comprises a collaborative, multidisciplinary approach to optimise use of antibiotics. Efforts to mitigate overuse will be unsustainable without learning and coordinating activities globally. In this Personal View, we provide examples of international collaborations to address optimal prescribing, focusing on five countries that have developed different approaches to antibiotic stewardship-the USA, South Africa, Colombia, Australia, and the UK...
November 17, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865242/a-study-on-knowledge-and-awareness-about-tuberculosis-in-senior-school-children-in-bangalore-india
#19
K Vanaja, Reshma Banu, Lokeshwar Reddy, P Chethan Kumar, Chaitra Srinivas, T Rajani, Navyashree, H S Shekar
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis), commonly affecting the lungs. All health care professionals including the pharmacists provide a valuable public health role in promoting community awareness of TB particularly in reducing stigma attached to TB. Thus, creating awareness at a community level could play a vital role in control and prevention of TB. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether educational intervention would affect the level of TB awareness among students of selected schools and pre-university colleges (PUCs) in Bangalore urban and Bangalore rural regions...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864239/development-and-implementation-of-a-pharmacist-run-comprehensive-medication-review-program-in-wisconsin
#20
Danielle L Schoenrock, Katherine Hartkopf, Carrie Boeckelman
PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a centralized, pharmacist-run population health program were pursued within a health system to increase patient exposure to comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) and improve visit processes. SUMMARY: Program implementation included choosing appropriate pilot pharmacy locations, developing a feasible staffing model, standardizing the workflow, and creating a patient referral process. The impact on patient exposure, specific interventions, and the sustainability of the program were evaluated over a seven-month period...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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