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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147964/diabetes-care-in-qatar-a-survey-of-pharmacists-activities-attitudes-and-knowledge
#1
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Safae E Abu Yousef, Meena Ali Basri
Background Diabetes mellitus is recognized as a major public health issue and is one of the top ten causes of death in Qatar. Objective To describe the activities, and attitudes of Qatar pharmacists toward diabetes, to measure their diabetes knowledge and to assess their perceived barriers for diabetes care. Setting Community and ambulatory pharmacies in Qatar. Method Study objectives were addressed in a cross sectional survey of community and ambulatory pharmacists in Qatar. A phone call explaining the study was made to all community and ambulatory pharmacists in Qatar...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146489/exploring-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-using-evidence-based-drugs-in-the-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-findings-from-a-multistakeholder-qualitative-analysis
#2
Victoria Miller, Lavanya Nambiar, Malvika Saxena, Darryl Leong, Amitava Banerjee, José Pablo Werba, Jose Rocha Faria Neto, Katherine Curi Quinto, Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Shweta Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Health-system barriers and facilitators associated with cardiovascular medication adherence have seldom been studied, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where uptake rates are poorest. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the major obstacles and facilitators to the use of evidence-supported medications for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease using qualitative analysis in 2 diverse countries across multiple levels of their health care systems...
November 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143356/on-the-ground-application-of-the-temporary-recommendation-for-use-regulatory-measure-on-off-label-use-of-baclofen-for-alcohol-dependence-in-france-a-regional-survey-of-community-pharmacies
#3
Marine Auffret, Benjamin Rolland, Anne-Sylvie Caous, Louise Gaboriau, Sylvie Deheul, Régis Bordet, Sophie Gautier
The "temporary recommendation for use" (TRU) is a French novel regulatory measure for off-label drug. The first TRU to be issued by the French drug agency (in March 2014) pertained to the off-label use of baclofen for alcohol dependence (AD). We performed a questionnaire-based survey of the on-the-ground application of the baclofen TRU among community pharmacies in northern France. A pharmacist from 70 of the 219 pharmacies contacted (response rate: 32.0%) completed the questionnaire. The mean ± standard deviation number of off-label baclofen prescriptions for AD was 2...
November 15, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143347/validation-of-a-tool-for-reporting-pharmacists-interventions-in-everyday-community-pharmacy
#4
T H Vo, J-D Bardet, B Charpiat, C Leyrissoux, J Gravoulet, B Allenet, O Conort, P Bedouch
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The French Society of Clinical Pharmacy (SFPC) asked a group of experts to adapt the SFPC hospital pharmacists' interventions reporting tool for use in community pharmacy practice. This study aimed to develop and validate a tool for the routine reporting of pharmacists' interventions in French community settings. METHODS: Two groups of community pharmacists coded reports of 60 typical pharmacists' interventions. One group was "experts" (n = 4) who had participated in the development of the tool (internal validation) and the other were "external" community pharmacists (n = 6), naïve to the tool (external validation)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141618/what-do-australian-consumers-pharmacists-and-prescribers-think-about-documenting-indications-on-prescriptions-and-dispensed-medicines-labels-a-qualitative-study
#5
Mona Garada, Andrew J McLachlan, Gordon D Schiff, Elin C Lehnbom
BACKGROUND: Documenting the indication on prescriptions and dispensed medicines labels is not standard practice in Australia. However, previous studies that have focused on the content and design of dispensed medicines labels, have suggested including the indication as a safety measure. The aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of Australian consumers, pharmacists and prescribers on documenting the indication on prescriptions and dispensed medicines labels. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted and mock-up of dispensed medicines labels were designed for participants...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139019/pharmacists-confidence-when-providing-pharmaceutical-care-on-anticoagulants-a-multinational-survey
#6
John Papastergiou, Nadir Kheir, Katerina Ladova, Silas Rydant, Fabio De Rango, Sotiris Antoniou, Reka Viola, Maria Dolores Murillo, Stephane Steurbaut, Filipa Alves da Costa
Background Guidelines on the management of orally anticoagulated patients are continuously evolving, leading to an increased need for pharmacists to be fully integrated in care provision. Objective To identify self-reported gaps in confidence among practicing pharmacists in the area of anticoagulation. Setting Pharmacists in different work settings in different countries. Method Cross-sectional international survey from October 2015 till November 2016 among pharmacists working in different settings to assess their level of confidence when delivering anticoagulants as well as to identify possible educational needs regarding this medication class...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134487/sildenafil-citrate-use-in-addis-ababa-characteristics-of-users-and-pharmacists-dispensing-practices
#7
Dawit Teshome Gebregeorgise, Yajeb Melesse Belay, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
Background Studies have reported misuse of sildenafil citrate for recreational purpose, not least by healthy young men. This is becoming a major concern, for medical and other reasons. Objective The aim of this study was to document the characteristics of sildenafil citrate users and to explore the dispensing practices of the medicine in selected community pharmacies in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Setting Data was collected in community pharmacies in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Method A survey, using a self-administrated questionnaire, was conducted among customers who purchased sildenafil citrate from community pharmacies...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132695/thai-clinicians-attitudes-toward-antimicrobial-stewardship-programs
#8
Nantanit Sutthiruk, Julie Considine, Ana Hutchinson, Andrea Driscoll, Kumthorn Malathum, Mari Botti
BACKGROUND: Effective hospital-wide antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programs need multidisciplinary engagement; however, clinicians' attitudes have not been investigated in Thailand where AMS is in early development. The aim of this study was to explore Thai clinicians' (doctors, nurses, and pharmacists) perceptions and attitudes toward AMS. METHODS: A paper-based survey was distributed in a 1,000-bed university hospital in Bangkok, Thailand, between November 9, 2015, and December 21, 2015...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132478/treatment-for-symptomatic-bacterial-vaginosis-arandomized-controlled-trial
#9
Nabia Tariq, Ayesha Basharat, Danish Hassan Khan, Ammad Fahim, Mohammad Hisham Khan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of multiple doses of vaginal clindamycin with a single oral dose of secnidazole for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. STUDY DESIGN: Double-blinded randomized controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Shifa Foundation Community Health Center, from March 2012 till February 2015. METHODOLOGY: After obtaining written informed consent, a pelvic examination was performed for the confirmation of symptoms of milky white vaginal discharge on speculum examination, positive Amine test and presence of clue cells on microscopy...
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130384/characterising-the-growth-in-palliative-care-prescribing-2011-2015-analysis-of-national-medical-and-non-medical-activity
#10
Lucy Ziegler, Michael I Bennett, Matt Mulvey, Tim Hamilton, Alison Blenkinsopp
BACKGROUND: The role of non-medical prescribers working in palliative care has been expanding in recent years and prescribers report improvements in patient care, patient safety, better use of health professionals' skills and more flexible team working. Despite this, there is a lack of empirical evidence to demonstrate its clinical and economic impact, limiting our understanding of the future role of non-medical prescribers within a healthcare system serving an increasing number of people with palliative care needs...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129668/characterization-of-actions-taken-during-the-delivery-of-medication-therapy-management-a-time-and-motion-approach
#11
Alice C Chang, Jutieh Lincoln, Wendy M Lantaff, Stephanie A Gernant, Heather A Jaynes, William Doucette, Margie E Snyder
OBJECTIVES: To characterize actions performed by pharmacists and support staff during provision of medication therapy management (MTM) and to compare actions performed according to practice characteristics. METHODS: A purposeful sample of 7 MTM practices (2 call centers and 5 community practices) was identified and visited by investigators. Pharmacists and support staff were observed during their routine provision of MTM. Investigators characterized "major" (e.g...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127865/which-information-on-women-s-issues-in-epilepsy-does-a-community-pharmacist-need-to-know-a-delphi-consensus-study
#12
Ramzi Shawahna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and achieve consensus on a core list of important knowledge items that community pharmacists should know on women's issues in epilepsy. METHODS: This was a consensual study using a modified Delphi technique. Knowledge items were collected from the literature and from nine key contacts who were interviewed on their views on what information community pharmacists should have on women's issues in epilepsy. More knowledge items were suggested by five researchers with interest in women's issues who were contacted to rate and comment on the knowledge items collected...
November 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123596/a-scoping-review-of-community-pharmacists-and-patients-at-risk-of-suicide
#13
REVIEW
Andrea Lynn Murphy, Katelyn Hillier, Randa Ataya, Pierre Thabet, Anne Marie Whelan, Claire O'Reilly, David Gardner
Background: Medications are commonly used in suicide attempts. Pharmacists are inextricably linked to medications and may have roles in helping those at risk of suicide. We conducted a scoping review to characterize the existing literature and make recommendations about future research. Methods: We used a 6-step approach based on an existing scoping review methodological framework, including identifying the research question; identifying relevant studies and other literature; study and literature selection; data charting; collating, summarizing and reporting results; and dissemination of results...
November 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123595/community-pharmacist-led-telephone-follow-up-enabled-close-management-of-everolimus-induced-adverse-events-in-an-outpatient-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#14
Satoshi Yokoyama, Satoko Yajima, Chihiro Sakai, Shuji Yamashita, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Yoko Ino, Kazuhiro Iguchi, Hitomi Teramachi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122794/consensus-validation-of-the-posamino-potentially-serious-alcohol-medication-interactions-in-older-adults-criteria
#15
Alice E Holton, Paul J Gallagher, Cristín Ryan, Tom Fahey, Gráinne Cousins
OBJECTIVES: Older adults are particularly vulnerable to adverse effects from concurrent alcohol and medication use. However, there is limited evidence regarding the prevalence of these adverse outcomes among older adults, and there is a lack of consensus regarding what constitutes an alcohol-interactive medicine. The objective of this study was to develop an explicit list of potentially serious alcohol-medication interactions for use in older adults. DESIGN: Following a systematic review, review of drug compendia and clinical guidance documents, a two-round Delphi consensus method was conducted...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122792/understanding-the-implementation-of-sick-day-guidance-to-prevent-acute-kidney-injury-across-a-primary-care-setting-in-england-a-qualitative-evaluation
#16
Anne-Marie Martindale, Rebecca Elvey, Susan J Howard, Sheila McCorkindale, Smeeta Sinha, Tom Blakeman
OBJECTIVES: The study sought to examine the implementation of sick day guidance cards designed to prevent acute kidney injury (AKI), in primary care settings. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted and comparative analysis informed by normalisation process theory was undertaken to understand sense-making, implementation and appraisal of the cards and associated guidance. SETTING: A single primary care health setting in the North of England...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121408/community-health-workers-supporting-clinical-pharmacists-in-diabetes-management-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Lisa K Sharp, Jessica J Tilton, Daniel R Touchette, Yinglin Xia, Daniel Mihailescu, Michael L Berbaum, Ben S Gerber
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of clinical pharmacists and community health workers (CHWs) in improving glycemic control within a low-income, ethnic minority population. METHODS: In a two-arm, 2-year, crossover trial, 179 African-American and 65 Hispanic adult patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] ≥ 8%) were randomized to CHW support either during the first or second year of the study. All participants received clinical pharmacist support for both years of the study...
November 9, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119468/clinical-decision-support-and-optional-point-of-care-testing-of-renal-function-for-safe-use-of-antibiotics-in-elderly-patients-a-retrospective-study-in-community-pharmacy-practice
#18
Mette Heringa, Annemieke Floor-Schreudering, Peter A G M De Smet, Marcel L Bouvy
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the management of drug therapy alerts on safe use of antibiotics in elderly patients with (potential) renal impairment and the contribution of optional creatinine point of care testing (PoCT) in community pharmacy practice. METHODS: Community pharmacists used a clinical decision support system (CDSS) for seven antibiotics. Alerts were generated during prescription processing in the case of previously registered renal impairment and when no information on renal function was available for patients aged 70 and over...
November 8, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118990/expanding-hiv-aids-care-service-sites-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-community-pharmacists-views-in-south-east-nigeria
#19
Nnenna Ajagu, Maureen Ugonwa Anetoh, Sunday Odunke Nduka
Background: Community pharmacists are very accessible to most patients yet; they have been underutilized in the aspect of providing HIV care and services. The World Health Organisation recently recommended expanding community pharmacists' roles to address the increasing complexity of antiretroviral agents and co-infection drug regimen. This study therefore was designed to assess the readiness and willingness of community pharmacists in Nigeria to participate in the care of people living with HIV/AIDS and the possible inclusion of their pharmacy premises as sites for HIV care services...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116462/the%C3%A2-effect-of-partial-patients-adherence-to-antihypertensive-drugs-scope-for-pharmacists-role-in-hypertension-care
#20
Marine Sitbon, Jennifer Corny, Hélène Beaussier, Yvonnick Bézie
In many individuals, blood pressure varies between clinic visits conducted days, weeks, or months apart. This visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of blood pressure has been recently related with an increased risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and mortality, independently of mean blood pressure. As for other chronical diseases, patients' adherence to hypertensive therapies remains low and partial adherence to antihypertensive treatment may constitute a source of VVV, as suggested by recent studies. This data should lead to a new clinical approach for hypertension care, based on patients' real adherence to treatment...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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