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"tDCS" OR transcranial direct current stimulation OR Eletric stimulation AND exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021765/enhancing-neuroplasticity-to-augment-cognitive-remediation-in-schizophrenia
#1
REVIEW
Carol Jahshan, Yuri Rassovsky, Michael F Green
There is a burgeoning need for innovative treatment strategies to improve the cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. Cognitive remediation (CR) is effective at the group level, but the variability in treatment response is large. Given that CR may depend on intact neuroplasticity to produce cognitive gains, it is reasonable to combine it with strategies that harness patients' neuroplastic potential. In this review, we discuss two non-pharmacological approaches that can enhance neuroplasticity and possibly augment the effects of CR in schizophrenia: physical exercise and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993207/effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-time-limit-and-ratings-of-perceived-exertion-in-physically-active-women
#2
Eduardo Lattari, Bruno Soares de Oliveira, Bruno Ribeiro Ramalho Oliveira, Rodrigo Cunha de Mello Pedreiro, Sérgio Machado, Geraldo Albuquerque Maranhão Neto
The limiting factors of maximum performance in humans have been extensively investigated. The aim of this study was to verify the acute effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on time limit (i.e., the time by which an individual is able to sustain a certain intensity of effort) at 100% of peak power (tlim@100%PP) and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE). Eleven moderately active women underwent an anthropometric evaluation and a maximal incremental test in the cycle ergometer, in order to obtain peak power (PP)...
October 6, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988547/systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-in-people-with-lewy-body-dementia
#3
Hamilton Morrin, Ton Fang, Donald Servant, Dag Aarsland, Anto P Rajkumar
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological interventions for Lewy body dementia (LBD), especially for its non-cognitive symptoms, are limited in their efficacy and tolerability. Clinicians are often uncertain about non-pharmacological interventions and their efficacy in managing cognitive and non-cognitive symptoms of LBD. Therefore, we aimed to systematically review the existing literature on non-pharmacological interventions for people with LBD. METHODS: We carried out a systematic search using six databases...
October 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932016/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-combined-with-blindsight-rehabilitation-for-the-treatment-of-homonymous-hemianopia-a-report-of-two-cases
#4
Barbara Maria Matteo, Barbara Viganò, Cesare Giuseppe Cerri, Roberto Meroni, Cesare Maria Cornaggia, Cecilia Perin
[Purpose] Homonymous hemianopia is one of the most common symptoms following neurologic damage leading to impairments of functional abilities and activities of daily living. There are two main types of restorative rehabilitation in hemianopia: "border training" which involves exercising vision at the edge of the damaged visual field, and "blindsight training," which is based on exercising the unconscious perceptual functions deep inside the blind hemifield. Only border effects have been shown to be facilitated by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886918/complementary-and-alternative-therapies-for-restless-legs-syndrome-an-evidence-based-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Xiao-Min Xu, Yang Liu, Shi-Yu Jia, Mei-Xue Dong, Du Cao, You-Dong Wei
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is defined as an irresistible urge to move the legs, which is usually accompanied by paresthesias or dysesthesias at least twice weekly, and affects 2%-4% of adults in Europe and North America. This systematic review assesses the current complementary and alternative options for RLS and the potential benefits of those treatments on sleep quality, mood disorder, and quality of life. A systematic search of the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases was conducted. Eighteen studies met the inclusion criterion, which included the use of the international RLS study group criteria...
June 19, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827229/safety-and-feasibility-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-combined-with-sensorimotor-retraining-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Adam Louis Ouellette, Matthew B Liston, Wei-Ju Chang, David M Walton, Benedict Martin Wand, Siobhan M Schabrun
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a common and costly health problem yet current treatments demonstrate at best, small effects. The concurrent application of treatments with synergistic clinical and mechanistic effects may improve outcomes in chronic LBP. This pilot trial aims to (1) determine the feasibility, safety and perceived patient response to a combined transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and sensorimotor retraining intervention in chronic LBP and (2) provide data to support a sample size calculation for a fully powered trial should trends of effectiveness be present...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813353/motor-cognition-and-neuroscience-in-sport-psychology
#7
REVIEW
Paul S Holmes, David J Wright
Advances in technology have allowed research in cognitive neuroscience to contribute significantly to the discipline of sport psychology. In most cases, the research has become more rigorous and has directed current thinking on the mechanisms subserving a number of psychological theories and models of practice. Currently, the three most common neuroscience techniques informing sport and exercise research are electroencephalography, transcranial magnetic stimulation and functional magnetic resonance imaging...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755682/the-effect-of-exercise-training-in-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-with-severe-mobility-disability-a-systematic-review-and-future-research-directions
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Edwards, Lara A Pilutti
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence for the benefits of exercise training in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, these benefits have primarily been established in individuals with mild-to-moderate disability (i.e., Expanded Disability Status Scale [EDSS] scores 1.0-5.5), rather than among those with significant mobility impairment. Further, the approaches to exercise training that have been effective in persons with mild-to-moderate MS disability may not be physically accessible for individuals with mobility limitations...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684078/falls-prevention-activities-among-community-dwelling-elderly-in-the-netherlands-a-delphi-study
#9
Branko F Olij, Vicki Erasmus, Judith I Kuiper, Frans van Zoest, Ed F van Beeck, Suzanne Polinder
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to provide an overview of the current falls prevention activities in community-dwelling elderly with an increased risk of falling in the Netherlands. Therefore, we determined: a) how health professionals detect community-dwelling elderly with an increased risk of falling; b) which falls prevention activities are used by health professionals and why; c) how elderly can be stimulated to participate in falls prevention programs; and d) how to finance falls prevention...
September 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665989/addition-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-to-quadriceps-strengthening-exercise-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Wei-Ju Chang, Kim L Bennell, Paul W Hodges, Rana S Hinman, Carolyn L Young, Valentina Buscemi, Matthew B Liston, Siobhan M Schabrun
A randomised, assessor- and participant-blind, sham-controlled trial was conducted to assess the safety and feasibility of adding transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to quadriceps strengthening exercise in knee osteoarthritis (OA), and provide data to inform a fully powered trial. Participants were randomised to receive active tDCS+exercise (AT+EX) or sham tDCS+exercise (ST+EX) twice weekly for 8 weeks whilst completing home exercises twice per week. Feasibility, safety, patient-perceived response, pain, function, pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) and conditioned pain modulation (CPM) were assessed before and after treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646016/tshb-mrna-is-linked-to-cholesterol-metabolism-in-adipose-tissue
#11
José María Moreno-Navarrete, María Moreno, Francisco Ortega, Gemma Xifra, Shangyu Hong, John M Asara, José C E Serrano, Mariona Jové, Pavlos Pissios, Matthias Blüher, Wifredo Ricart, Manuel Portero-Otin, José Manuel Fernández-Real
Subclinical hypothyroidism is known to be associated with increased serum cholesterol. Since thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) exerts an inductor effect on cholesterol biosynthesis, we aimed to investigate the relationship between TSH mRNA and cholesterol metabolism in human adipose tissue (AT). Cross-sectionally, AT TSH-β (TSHB) mRNA was evaluated in 4 independent cohorts in association with serum total and LDL cholesterol, and AT lipidomics. Longitudinally, the effects of statins and of diet and exercise on AT TSHB mRNA were also examined...
October 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514807/can-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-modulate-psychophysiological-response-in-sedentary-men-during-vigorous-aerobic-exercise
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alexandre Hideki Okano, Daniel Gomes Silva Machado, Leônidas Oliveira Neto, Luiz Fernando Farias-Junior, Pedro Moraes Dutra Agrícola, Ademir Arruda, André Igor Fonteles, Li Min Li, Eduardo B Fontes, Hassan Mohamed Elsangedy, Alexandre Moreira
This study evaluated whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) could change physiological and psychological responses during vigorous exercise with a constant load. 13 sedentary males (23.0±4.2 years; 25.6±4.2 kg/m²) took part in this randomized, crossed-over, sham-controlled, and double-blinded study. Participants underwent 2 sessions with anodal or sham tDCS (2 mA, 20 min) applied before exercise over the left temporal cortex targeting the left insular cortex. The exercise was performed at vigorous intensity (%HRmax 81...
July 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426515/can-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-improve-muscle-power-in-individuals-with-advanced-resistance-training-experience
#13
Eduardo Lattari, Carlos Campos, Murilo Khede Lamego, Sandro Legey Passos de Souza, Geraldo M Neto, Nuno B Rocha, Aldair José de Oliveira, Sandro Carpenter, Sérgio Machado
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on countermovement jump performance (CMJ) in men with advanced strength training experience. Ten healthy male subjects, with advanced strength training and squatting exercise experience, were included. Participants took part in an initial visit to the laboratory to complete anthropometric measurements and CMJ kinematic test-retest reliability. Participants then completed three experimental conditions, 48-72 hours apart, in a randomized, double-blinded crossover design: anodal, cathodal and sham tDCS (2 mA for 20 minutes targeting the motor cortex bilaterally)...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389517/skeletal-muscle-as-an-endocrine-organ-the-role-of-myokines-in-exercise-adaptations
#14
Christoph Hoffmann, Cora Weigert
Exercise stimulates the release of proteins with autocrine, paracrine, or endocrine functions produced in skeletal muscle, termed myokines. Based on the current state of knowledge, the major physiological function of myokines is to protect the functionality and to enhance the exercise capacity of skeletal muscle. Myokines control adaptive processes in skeletal muscle by acting as paracrine regulators of fuel oxidation, hypertrophy, angiogenesis, inflammatory processes, and regulation of the extracellular matrix...
April 7, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379980/transcutaneous-spinal-direct-current-stimulation-induces-lasting-fatigue-resistance-and-enhances-explosive-vertical-jump-performance
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Helen R Berry, Rothwelle J Tate, Bernard A Conway
Transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation (tsDCS) is a non-invasive neuromodulatory intervention that has been shown to modify excitability in spinal and supraspinal circuits in animals and humans. Our objective in this study was to explore the functional neuromodulatory potential of tsDCS by examining its immediate and lasting effects over the repeated performance of a whole body maximal exercise in healthy volunteers. Using a double-blind, randomized, crossover, sham-controlled design we investigated the effects of 15 min of anodal tsDCS on repeated vertical countermovement jump (VCJ) performance at 0, 20, 60, and 180 minutes post-stimulation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356647/the-effects-of-exercise-training-using-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-on-breathing-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-patients
#16
Dong-Jin Lee, Yeon-Seop Lee, Hyun-Jin Kim, Tae-Hwa Seo
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effect of exercise training using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on breathing in patients with chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty chronic stroke patients who do not show abnormal response to electric stimulation were enrolled in this study and each 15 subjects were randomized either into the study group and the sham-controlled group. The subjects performed diaphragmatic breathing exercise for 20 minutes while tDCS device was attached to them (for study group, the device was on while for the sham-controlled group, the device was turned off 30 seconds later) [Results] The results of FVC, FEF1 and FEV1/FVC in the study group and those of FVC and FEV1 in the sham-controlled group were significantly increased after the breathing exercise...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348727/steps-forward-in-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-latest-developments-and-clinical-opportunities
#17
REVIEW
Jessica B Badlam, Todd M Bull
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic disease that results in narrowing of the small pre-capillary pulmonary arteries leading to elevation of pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance, subsequent right ventricular failure, and if unchecked, death. Advances in the treatment of PAH over the last two decades have markedly improved survival. These improvements reflect a combination of changes in treatments, improved patient care strategies, and varying disease phenotypes in the PAH population...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276838/modulation-of-prefrontal-cortex-with-anodal-tdcs-prevents-post-exercise-facilitation-interference-during-dual-task
#18
Carmen Concerto, Jacqueline Babayev, Rowan Mahmoud, Basil Rafiq, Eileen Chusid, Eugenio Aguglia, Diego Coira, Fortunato Battaglia
In this study we aimed to investigate whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) reduces interference effects of a dual task (DT) on post-exercise facilitation (PEF) of the motor evoked potentials. Anodal tDCS reversed the DT interference on PEF after a non-fatiguing isometric contraction. We conclude that anodal DLPFC tDCS improves the ability to allocate attentional resources and modulates plastic adaptations across brain systems.
February 28, 2017: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265507/the-effects-of-elevated-pain-inhibition-on-endurance-exercise-performance
#19
Andrew Flood, Gordon Waddington, Richard J Keegan, Kevin G Thompson, Stuart Cathcart
BACKGROUND: The ergogenic effects of analgesic substances suggest that pain perception is an important regulator of work-rate during fatiguing exercise. Recent research has shown that endogenous inhibitory responses, which act to attenuate nociceptive input and reduce perceived pain, can be increased following transcranial direct current stimulation of the hand motor cortex. Using high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS; 2 mA, 20 min), the current study aimed to examine the effects of elevated pain inhibitory capacity on endurance exercise performance...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261112/the-ergogenic-effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-exercise-performance
#20
REVIEW
Luca Angius, James Hopker, Alexis R Mauger
The physical limits of the human performance have been the object of study for a considerable time. Most of the research has focused on the locomotor muscles, lungs, and heart. As a consequence, much of the contemporary literature has ignored the importance of the brain in the regulation of exercise performance. With the introduction and development of new non-invasive devices, the knowledge regarding the behavior of the central nervous system during exercise has advanced. A first step has been provided from studies involving neuroimaging techniques where the role of specific brain areas have been identified during isolated muscle or whole-body exercise...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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