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"tDCS" OR transcranial direct current stimulation OR Eletric stimulation AND exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276838/modulation-of-prefrontal-cortex-with-anodal-tdcs-prevents-post-exercise-facilitation-interference-during-dual-task
#1
Carmen Concerto, Jacqueline Babayev, Rowan Mahmoud, Basil Rafiq, Eileen Chusid, Eugenio Aguglia, Diego Coira, Fortunato Battaglia
In this study we aimed to investigate whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) reduces interference effects of a dual task (DT) on post-exercise facilitation (PEF) of the motor evoked potentials. Anodal tDCS reversed the DT interference on PEF after a non-fatiguing isometric contraction. We conclude that anodal DLPFC tDCS improves the ability to allocate attentional resources and modulates plastic adaptations across brain systems.
February 28, 2017: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265507/the-effects-of-elevated-pain-inhibition-on-endurance-exercise-performance
#2
Andrew Flood, Gordon Waddington, Richard J Keegan, Kevin G Thompson, Stuart Cathcart
BACKGROUND: The ergogenic effects of analgesic substances suggest that pain perception is an important regulator of work-rate during fatiguing exercise. Recent research has shown that endogenous inhibitory responses, which act to attenuate nociceptive input and reduce perceived pain, can be increased following transcranial direct current stimulation of the hand motor cortex. Using high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS; 2 mA, 20 min), the current study aimed to examine the effects of elevated pain inhibitory capacity on endurance exercise performance...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261112/the-ergogenic-effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-exercise-performance
#3
REVIEW
Luca Angius, James Hopker, Alexis R Mauger
The physical limits of the human performance have been the object of study for a considerable time. Most of the research has focused on the locomotor muscles, lungs, and heart. As a consequence, much of the contemporary literature has ignored the importance of the brain in the regulation of exercise performance. With the introduction and development of new non-invasive devices, the knowledge regarding the behavior of the central nervous system during exercise has advanced. A first step has been provided from studies involving neuroimaging techniques where the role of specific brain areas have been identified during isolated muscle or whole-body exercise...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251243/-nonpharmacological-treatment-procedures-for-parkinson-s-disease
#4
K Witt, E Kalbe, R Erasmi, G Ebersbach
Nonpharmacological treatment strategies in Parkinson' disease include heterogeneous treatment modalities, such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, cognitive training and deep brain stimulation as well as noninvasive brain stimulation strategies. Even in the early stages of Parkinson's disease nonpharmacological interventions, such as active exercise therapy and speech therapy can be indicated taking the individual symptoms of a patient into account. Mild cognitive deficits are frequently detected in the course of the disease and progression of these disorders to dementia in the advanced stages of the disease is not uncommon...
March 1, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225155/remotely-supervised-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-increases-the-benefit-of-at-home-cognitive-training-in-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Leigh Charvet, Michael Shaw, Bryan Dobbs, Ariana Frontario, Kathleen Sherman, Marom Bikson, Abhishek Datta, Lauren Krupp, Esmail Zeinapour, Margaret Kasschau
OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of remotely-supervised transcranial direct current stimulation (RS-tDCS) paired with cognitive training (CT) exercise in participants with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: In a feasibility study of RS-tDCS in MS, participants completed ten sessions of tDCS paired with CT (1.5 mA × 20 min, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex montage). RS-tDCS participants were compared to a control group of adults with MS who underwent ten 20-min CT sessions through the same remotely supervised procedures...
February 22, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155245/scriptaid-enhances-skeletal-muscle-insulin-action-and-cardiac-function-in-obese-mice
#6
Vidhi Gaur, Timothy Connor, Kylie Venardos, Darren C Henstridge, Sheree D Martin, Courtney Swinton, Shona Morrison, Kathryn Aston-Mourney, Stefan M Gehrig, Roelof van Ewijk, Gordon S Lynch, Mark A Febbraio, Gregory R Steinberg, Mark Hargreaves, Ken R Walder, Sean L McGee
AIM: To determine the effect of Scriptaid, a compound that can replicate aspects of the exercise adaptive response through disruption of the class IIa histone deacetylase (HDAC) corepressor complex, on muscle insulin action in obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diet-induced obese mice were administered Scriptaid (1 mg/kg) via daily intraperitoneal injection for 4 weeks. Whole-body and skeletal muscle metabolic phenotyping of mice was performed, in addition to echocardiography, to assess cardiac morphology and function...
February 2, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751960/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-improves-isometric-time-to-exhaustion-of-the-knee-extensors
#7
L Angius, B Pageaux, J Hopker, S M Marcora, A R Mauger
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can increase cortical excitability of a targeted brain area, which may affect endurance exercise performance. However, optimal electrode placement for tDCS remains unclear. We tested the effect of two different tDCS electrode montages for improving exercise performance. Nine subjects underwent a control (CON), placebo (SHAM) and two different tDCS montage sessions in a randomized design. In one tDCS session, the anodal electrode was placed over the left motor cortex and the cathodal on contralateral forehead (HEAD), while for the other montage the anodal electrode was placed over the left motor cortex and cathodal electrode above the shoulder (SHOULDER)...
December 17, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738524/effects-of-a-single-session-of-high-intensity-interval-treadmill-training-on-corticomotor-excitability-following-stroke-implications-for-therapy
#8
Sangeetha Madhavan, James W Stinear, Neeta Kanekar
Objective. High intensity interval treadmill training (HIITT) has been gaining popularity for gait rehabilitation after stroke. In this study, we examined the changes in excitability of the lower limb motor cortical representation (M1) in chronic stroke survivors following a single session of HIITT. We also determined whether exercise-induced changes in excitability could be modulated by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) enhanced with a paretic ankle skill acquisition task. Methods. Eleven individuals with chronic stroke participated in two 40-minute treadmill-training sessions: HIITT alone and HITT preceded by anodal tDCS enhanced with a skill acquisition task (e-tDCS+HIITT)...
2016: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677006/feasibly-and-tolerance-of-a-rehabilitation-program-combined-with-iterative-tdcs-stimulations-for-hemiplegic-patients-after-stoke-a-case-report-study
#9
Étienne Ojardias, Oscar Azeo, Diana Rimaud, Pascal Giraux
OBJECTIVE: Transcortical direct current stimulation (tDCS) is an emerging technique in the rehabilitation of hemiplegic patients after stroke, and has been mainly evaluated for the upper limb. The feasibility and tolerance of the use of repeated stimulations on the lower limb motor cortex require a clinical evaluation. OBSERVATIONS: A 72-year-old patient, who suffered from a first ischemic stroke in the left middle cerebral artery area, on July 2015, was admitted, 6 months post-stroke, to the PRM outpatient clinic of the university hospital of Saint-Étienne, for a motor training program combined with iterative tDCS stimulations...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649984/-aphasia-evidence-based-therapy-approaches
#10
REVIEW
R Darkow, A Flöel
Speech and language therapy is essential in the rehabilitation of aphasic disorders following a stroke. Due to the predicted increase of aphasia and limited resources within the healthcare system, the development of efficient and sustainable treatment methods is of exceptional importance. The effectiveness of both traditional and innovative approaches needs to be evaluated against the standards of evidence-based medicine. Class I evidence has been established for high-intensity speech and language therapy in subacute and chronic stages of aphasia...
October 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601988/bihemispheric-motor-cortex-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-improves-force-steadiness-in-post-stroke-hemiparetic-patients-a-randomized-crossover-controlled-trial
#11
Rafael A Montenegro, Adrian Midgley, Renato Massaferri, Wendell Bernardes, Alexandre H Okano, Paulo Farinatti
Post-stroke patients usually exhibit reduced peak muscular torque (PT) and/or force steadiness during submaximal exercise. Brain stimulation techniques have been proposed to improve neural plasticity and help to restore motor performance in post-stroke patients. The present study compared the effects of bihemispheric motor cortex transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on PT and force steadiness during maximal and submaximal resistance exercise performed by post-stroke patients vs. healthy controls. A double-blind randomized crossover controlled trial (identification number: TCTR20151112001; URL: http://www...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567471/the-effects-of-direct-current-stimulation-on-exercise-performance-pacing-and-perception-in-temperate-and-hot-environments
#12
Martin J Barwood, Jake Butterworth, Stuart Goodall, James R House, Ryan Laws, Alexander Nowicky, Jo Corbett
BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive neuromodulatory technique and has previously been shown to enhance submaximal exercise by reducing rating of perceived exertion (RPE). The present study examined the effects of tDCS on high-intensity self-paced exercise in temperate conditions and fixed followed by maximal exercise in the heat; it was hypothesised that performance and RPE would be altered. METHODS: Two separate studies were undertaken in which exercise was preceded by 20-minutes of sham tDCS (SHAM), or anodal tDCS (TDCS)...
November 2016: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362095/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-before-intermittent-exercise-does-not-improve-physical-performance-3729-board-168-june-4-9-30-am-11-00-am
#13
Gilmar Esteves, Yuri Motoyama, Domingos Pandeló, Paulo Pereira, Rafael Pereira, Paulo Azevedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152611/optically-induced-neuronal-activity-is-sufficient-to-promote-functional-motor-axon-regeneration-in-vivo
#14
Patricia J Ward, Laura N Jones, Amanda Mulligan, William Goolsby, Jennifer C Wilhelm, Arthur W English
Peripheral nerve injuries are common, and functional recovery is very poor. Beyond surgical repair of the nerve, there are currently no treatment options for these patients. In experimental models of nerve injury, interventions (such as exercise and electrical stimulation) that increase neuronal activity of the injured neurons effectively enhance axon regeneration. Here, we utilized optogenetics to determine whether increased activity alone is sufficient to promote motor axon regeneration. In thy-1-ChR2/YFP transgenic mice in which a subset of motoneurons express the light-sensitive cation channel, channelrhodopsin (ChR2), we activated axons in the sciatic nerve using blue light immediately prior to transection and surgical repair of the sciatic nerve...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138329/mapping-of-cortical-language-function-by-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-repetitive-navigated-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-40-healthy-subjects
#15
Nico Sollmann, Sebastian Ille, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Florian Ringel, Bernhard Meyer, Sandro M Krieg
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is considered to be the standard method regarding non-invasive language mapping. However, repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) gains increasing importance with respect to that purpose. However, comparisons between both methods are sparse. METHODS: We performed fMRI and rTMS language mapping of the left hemisphere in 40 healthy, right-handed subjects in combination with the tasks that are most commonly used in the neurosurgical context (fMRI: word-generation = WGEN task; rTMS: object-naming = ON task)...
July 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27100314/can-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-improve-the-resistance-strength-and-decrease-the-rating-perceived-scale-in-recreational-weight-training-experience
#16
Eduardo Lattari, Maria L Andrade, Alberto S Filho, Antônio M Moura, Geraldo M Neto, Júlio G Silva, Nuno B Rocha, Ti-Fei Yuan, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Sérgio Machado
Lattari, E, Andrade, ML, Filho, AS, Moura, AM, Neto, GM, Silva, JG, Rocha, NB, Yuan, T-F, Arias-Carrión, O, and Machado, S. Can transcranial direct current stimulation improve the resistance strength and decrease the rating perceived scale in recreational weight-training experience? J Strength Cond Res 30(12): 3381-3387, 2016-The goal of this study was to evaluate the acute efficacy of anodic transcranial direct current stimulation on the total volume of repetitions and perceived exertion in recreationally trained individuals in strength...
December 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27014012/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-combined-with-aerobic-exercise-to-optimize-analgesic-responses-in-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Mariana E Mendonca, Marcel Simis, Luanda C Grecco, Linamara R Battistella, Abrahão F Baptista, Felipe Fregni
UNLABELLED: Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome that is associated with maladaptive plasticity in neural central circuits. One of the neural circuits that are involved in pain in fibromyalgia is the primary motor cortex. We tested a combination intervention that aimed to modulate the motor system: transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the primary motor cortex (M1) and aerobic exercise (AE). In this phase II, sham-controlled randomized clinical trial, 45 subjects were assigned to 1 of 3 groups: tDCS + AE, AE only, and tDCS only...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26980052/increased-resting-state-connectivity-between-ipsilesional-motor-cortex-and-contralesional-premotor-cortex-after-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-with-physical-therapy
#18
Joyce L Chen, Gottfried Schlaug
Non-invasive stimulation of the brain using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) during motor rehabilitation can improve the recovery of movements in individuals with stroke. However, the neural substrates that underlie the clinical improvements are not well understood. In this proof-of-principle open-label pilot study, five individuals with stroke received 10 sessions of tDCS while undergoing usual care physical/occupational therapy for the arm and hand. Motor impairment as indexed by the Upper Extremity Fugl Meyer assessment was significantly reduced after the intervention...
March 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26912478/preliminary-evidence-that-excitatory-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-extends-time-to-task-failure-of-a-sustained-submaximal-muscular-contraction-in-older-adults
#19
Kentaro Oki, Niladri K Mahato, Masato Nakazawa, Shinichi Amano, Christopher R France, David W Russ, Brian C Clark
BACKGROUND: Decreased cortical excitability has been proposed as a potential mechanism underlying task failure during sustained muscular contractions, and cortical excitability may decrease with old age. We tested the hypothesis that transcranial direct current stimulation, which has been reported to raise cortical excitability, would prolong the time to task failure during a sustained muscular contraction in older adults. METHODS: Thirteen older adults (68.3±2...
August 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880536/mild-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease-is-improved-by-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-combined-with-physical-therapy
#20
Rosa Manenti, Michela Brambilla, Alberto Benussi, Sandra Rosini, Chiara Cobelli, Clarissa Ferrari, Michela Petesi, Italo Orizio, Alessandro Padovani, Barbara Borroni, Maria Cotelli
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by both motor and cognitive deficits. In PD, physical exercise has been found to improve physical functioning. Recent studies demonstrated that repeated sessions of transcranial direct current stimulation led to an increased performance in cognitive and motor tasks in patients with PD. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation applied over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and combined with physical therapy in PD patients...
May 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
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