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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808702/virtual-simulation-teaching-centre-in-dental-education-a-report-from-fujian-medical-university-china
#1
Hao Yu, Chang Yuan Zhang, Si Hui Zhang, Hui Cheng, Jiang Chen
This report gives a brief introduction to the Virtual Simulation Teaching Centre of Fujian Medical University School of Stomatology (VSFMUSS), China. As one of the best dental simulation laboratories in China, the VSFMUSS aims to train dental students and clinicians to be professionals who are able to provide optimal oral health care by giving them the best virtual patient care experience possible in a nonclinical setting. The features, achievements and future directions of the VSFMUSS are addressed. Moreover, the role of the VSFMUSS was evaluated and discussed based on the students' and faculties' perceptions, rate of employment after graduation, and so on...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#2
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798430/contemporary-operative-caries-management-consensus-recommendations-on-minimally-invasive-caries-removal
#3
A Banerjee, J E Frencken, F Schwendicke, N P T Innes
The International Caries Consensus Collaboration (ICCC) presented recommendations on terminology, on carious tissue removal and on managing cavitated carious lesions. It identified 'dental caries' as the name of the disease that dentists should manage, and the importance of controlling the activity of existing cavitated lesions to preserve hard tissues, maintain pulp sensibility and retain functional teeth in the long term. The ICCC recommended the level of hardness (soft, leathery, firm, and hard dentine) as the criterion for determining the clinical consequences of the disease and defined new strategies for carious tissue removal: 1) Selective removal of carious tissue - including selective removal to soft dentine and selective removal to firm dentine; 2) stepwise removal - including stage 1, selective removal to soft dentine, and stage 2, selective removal to firm dentine 6 to 12 months later; and 3) non-selective removal to hard dentine - formerly known as complete caries removal (a traditional approach no longer recommended)...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765471/the-future-of-interprofessional-education-and-practice-for-dentists-and-dental-education
#4
Elizabeth A Andrews
In the ever-changing landscape of education, health professions programs must be adaptable and forward-thinking. Programs need to understand the services students should be educated to provide over the next 25 years. The movement to increase collaboration among health professionals to improve health care outcomes is a significant priority for all health professions. Complex medical issues frequently seen in patients can best be addressed with interprofessional health care teams. Training future health care providers to work in such teams facilitates collaborative care and can result in improved outcomes for patients...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765470/the-role-of-oral-health-care-professionals-in-providing-medical-services
#5
Michael Glick, Barbara L Greenberg
Integration of oral health care professionals (OHCPs) into medical care could advance efforts to control increasingly prevalent conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and hepatitis C infection, each of which is associated with significant morbidity and health care costs. Prevention and early intervention are effective for reducing the incidence and severity of these diseases, while increasing cost of health care may drive the need for nontraditional models of health education and delivery...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765469/the-future-of-oral-health-care-provided-by-physicians-and-allied-professionals
#6
Hugh Silk
Medical providers of all types are beginning to engage in oral health, both academically and in practice. The process has been slow; however, momentum has increased over the past two decades as major health care organizations have emphasized the importance of oral health as a vital part of overall health. This article begins by defining which health providers have and should engage the public in oral health and then briefly reviews the influences that have led health professionals to address oral health in education and practice...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765468/trends-in-generalist-and-specialty-advanced-dental-education-and-practice-2005-06-to-2015-16-and-beyond
#7
Todd E Thierer, Cyril Meyerowitz
This article reviews the data on advanced dental education for the past decade and explores what advanced dental education might look like in the years leading up to 2040, including how its graduates will address the oral health needs of the population. The authors based these projections on published data about advanced dental education collected by the American Dental Association and other organizations. Nevertheless, a certain degree of speculation was involved. The article presents current data and trends in advanced dental education, environmental factors impacting advanced dental education, and lessons drawn from other areas of health care that support the potential scenarios that are described...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765467/dental-education-required-for-the-changing-health-care-environment
#8
Margherita Fontana, Carlos González-Cabezas, Tracy de Peralta, David C Johnsen
To be able to meet the demands for care in 2040, dental graduates will need to address challenges resulting from the rapidly changing health care environment with knowledge and sets of skills to build on current standards and adapt to the future. The purposes of this article are to 1) analyze key challenges likely to evolve considerably between now and 2040 that will impact dental education and practice and 2) propose several sets of skills and educational outcomes necessary to address these challenges. The challenges discussed include changes in prevalence of oral diseases, dental practice patterns, materials and technologies, integrated medical-dental care, role of electronic health records, cultural competence, integrated curricula, interprofessional education, specialty-general balance, and web/cloud-based collaborations...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765466/estimating-the-number-of-dentists-needed-in-2040
#9
Stephen A Eklund, Howard L Bailit
Numerous factors that underlie the need for dentists are undergoing significant changes. Three factors are especially important: 1) improvements in oral health; 2) lower expenditures per patient per year, giving dentists the incentive to treat more patients to maintain incomes that justify their investment in dental education and practice; and 3) dental schools' producing new dentists at a faster rate than the growth in the population. If these trends continue, there is likely to be a dentist surplus of between 32% and 110% by 2040...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765465/projecting-the-demand-for-dental-care-in-2040
#10
Richard J Manski, Chad D Meyerhoefer
The purpose of this study was to provide a forward-thinking assessment of the underlying factors likely to impact trends in dental care demand and the need for dental providers in 2020, 2025, and beyond. Dental workforce trends and their likely impact on the need for dentists are a function of predicted dental care demand, which will in turn be determined by the size and characteristics of our population size, economic outlook, the state of public and private dental care insurance, trends in dental care delivery, professionally determined dental care need, and population health beliefs...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765464/the-effect-of-new-oral-care-technologies-on-the-need-for-dentists-in-2040
#11
Peter M Milgrom, Jeremy A Horst
This article addresses changes in technology of oral self-care or professional care that may increase or decrease the demand for dentists by 2040. The focus is on dental caries, periodontitis, and temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD), as the first two are the main areas of current practice and because TMD is an area for growth. To address this question, the authors examined the scientific literature and government registries to identify recent or soon-to-be-available technologies. They also examined the state of translational efficiency, dissemination, and adoption of advances into dental practice...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765463/dental-group-practice-and-the-need-for-dentists
#12
David S Gesko, Howard L Bailit
This study compared the number of patients treated per year by general dentists and dental hygienists in solo practice and by those employed by a large group practice. Information on the annual number of patient visits to solo general dental practitioners comes from the 2013 American Dental Association (ADA) Survey of Dental Practice. Patient visits were divided by 2.5 to estimate the number of patients treated annually. The data on group practices come from HealthPartners (HP) of Minnesota, a large not-for-profit medical and dental Health Maintenance Organization that accepts insurance contracts based on global budgets and is financially at risk...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765462/the-impact-of-improved-oral-health-on-the-utilization-of-dental-services
#13
Stephen A Eklund
Since the mid-20th century, there has been a remarkable decline in dental caries in the United States. The effects of that caries decline have now been demonstrated well into the adult population. These improvements in oral health are resulting in substantial declines in the reparative and restorative dental services being provided to the affected individuals, who comprise a growing part of the population. Because of fewer compromised teeth, extractions and their sequelae also are declining. Much of the recall and periodontal maintenance care can be provided by allied dental personnel...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765461/trends-in-oral-diseases-in-the-u-s-population
#14
R Gary Rozier, B Alexander White, Gary D Slade
This article reviews trends in dental caries, periodontal disease, and tooth loss for the United States along with population dynamics and risk factors that might influence these trends going forward. Dental caries experience remains high in the primary dentition. Caries severity in permanent teeth of children has declined to historically low levels, and long-standing inequalities in untreated caries appear to be narrowing. Declines in caries severity of children's permanent teeth have stabilized at a low level, but likely will contribute to future reductions in dental caries severity in adults...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765460/are-dental-schools-part-of-the-safety-net
#15
Howard L Bailit
This article examines the current safety net activities of dental schools and reviews strategies by which schools could care for more poor and low-income patients. The primary data come from the annual Survey of Dental Education, a joint American Dental Education Association (ADEA) and American Dental Association (ADA) activity. The analyses use descriptive statistics and are intended to give ballpark estimates of patients treated under varying clinical scenarios. Some 107.4 million people are underserved in comparison to utilization rates for middle-income Americans...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765459/clinical-and-community-based-education-in-u-s-dental-schools
#16
Frank W Licari, Caswell A Evans
This review of U.S. dental schools' clinical curricula suggests that the basic structure of clinical education has not changed significantly in the past 60 years, although important developments include the introduction of competency-based education and community-based clinical education. Most dental schools still have a two-year preclinical curriculum and a two-year clinical curriculum, and most schools still operate a large clinical facility where students receive the bulk of their clinical education and assessment for graduation...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765458/looking-back-to-move-ahead-interprofessional-education-in-dental-education
#17
Lindsey M Hamil
Interprofessional education (IPE) is a widely recognized and critical component of dental and health professions education and is included in two of the predoctoral education standards required by the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA). Following a review of the literature on the state of IPE education in U.S. dental education programs, this article revisits six institutions identified in previous research as exemplars successfully implementing IPE on their campuses. Interviews were conducted with leaders at the following programs: Columbia University, Medical University of South Carolina, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, University of Florida, University of Minnesota, and Western University of Health Sciences...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765457/trends-in-behavioral-sciences-education-in-dental-schools-1926-to-2016
#18
Linda Centore
This article outlines the journey of behavioral sciences education from a multidisciplinary array of topics to a discipline with a name, core identity, and mission in dental schools' curricula. While not exhaustive, it covers pivotal events from the time of the Gies report in 1926 to the present. Strengths and weaknesses of current behavioral sciences instruction in dental schools are discussed, along with identification of future opportunities and potential threats. Suggestions for future directions for behavioral sciences and new roles for behavioral sciences faculty in dental schools are proposed...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765456/trends-in-basic-sciences-education-in-dental-schools-1999-2016
#19
Marilyn S Lantz, Charles F Shuler
The purpose of this study was to examine data published over the past two decades to identify trends in the basic sciences curriculum in dental education, provide an analysis of those trends, and compare them with trends in the basic sciences curriculum in medical education. Data published from the American Dental Association (ADA) Surveys of Dental Education, American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Surveys of Dental School Seniors, and two additional surveys were examined. In large part, survey data collected focused on the structure, content, and instructional strategies used in dental education: what was taught and how...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765455/current-status-of-operation-and-management-of-dental-school-clinics
#20
John W Reinhardt
This article summarizes the current status of the operation and management of dental school clinics as schools strive to provide excellent patient-centered care in an environment that is educationally sound, efficient, and financially strong. Clinical education is a large component of dental education and an area in which many dental schools have an opportunity to enhance revenue. Clinical efficiencies and alternative models of clinical education are evolving in U.S. dental schools, and this article describes some of those evolutionary changes...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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