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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328868/oral-sciences-phd-program-enrollment-graduates-and-placement-1994-to-2016
#1
C R Herzog, D W Berzins, P DenBesten, R L Gregory, K M Hargreaves, R L W Messer, M Mina, M P Mooney, M L Paine, C Phillips, R B Presland, R G Quivey, F A Scannapieco, J F Sheridan, K K H Svoboda, P C Trackman, M P Walker, S G Walker, C Y Wang, J C C Hu
For decades, dental schools in the United States have endured a significant faculty shortage. Studies have determined that the top 2 sources of dental faculty are advanced education programs and private practice. Those who have completed both DDS and PhD training are considered prime candidates for dental faculty positions. However, there is no national database to track those trainees and no evidence to indicate that they entered academia upon graduation. The objective of this study was to assess outcomes of dental school-affiliated oral sciences PhD program enrollment, graduates, and placement between 1994 and 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308361/piloting-direct-observation-of-procedural-skills-in-dental-education-in-india
#2
Gina Singh, Ravleen Kaur, Anushi Mahajan, Abi M Thomas, Tejinder Singh
Context: Direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS) and corrective feedback are one of the most important tools to promote skill learning. Authentic and pedagogically effective feedback can come out only when based on direct observation of the learners' performance. Use of DOPS, particularly in dental education in India is very uncommon. Aims: To pilot DOPS on undergraduate dental students in the specialty of periodontia. Materials and Methods: The faculty was oriented to the concept and use of this modality during a 1 h session, which included a video demonstration...
October 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303849/factors-influencing-perception-of-facial-attractiveness-gender-and-dental-education
#3
Ga-Hee Jung, Seunggon Jung, Hong-Ju Park, Hee-Kyun Oh, Min-Suk Kook
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate the gender- and dental education-specific differences in perception of facial attractiveness for varying ratio of lower face contour. METHODS: Two hundred eleven students (110 male respondents and 110 female respondents; aged between 20-38 years old) were requested to rate facial figures with alterations to the bigonial width and the vertical length of the lower face. We produced a standard figure which is based on the "golden ratio" and 4 additional series of figures with either horizontal or vertical alterations to the contour of lower face...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285474/an-assessment-of-teaching-and-learning-practices-a-questionnaire-study-for-dental-educators-of-karnataka
#4
S Meenakshi, N Raghunath, H S Shreeshyla
Aims and Objectives: Faculty members of dental institutions are being asked to assume new academic duties for which they have received no formal training. To succeed in new teaching tasks, faculty development through assessment of teaching skills is essential. Materials and Methods: A Self-Assessment Questionnaire consisting 18 closed-ended questions was sent to various faculty members of dental colleges of Karnataka. A total of 210 faculty members volunteered to participate in the study...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284955/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-surgeons-about-ocular-complications-due-to-dental-infection
#5
Prahalad Hunsigi, Vinod Kumar, M R Pradeep, B C Arun Kumar
Background: Ocular complications such as ophthalmia, defective vision, orbital cellulitis, and blindness (temporary or permanent) are rare complications due to dental infection. Currently, there is lack of guidelines in preventing and managing ocular problems. Hence, we assessed the dentist's knowledge and attitudes about ocular complications due to dental infection. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional prospective survey selecting practicing dentists or academicians was carried out through e-mail using a standardized self-administered questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260769/-status-and-problems-of-postgraduate-dental-education
#6
O V Drozdova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243446/prevalence-of-dental-caries-among-schoolchildren-from-north-eastern-italian-population
#7
Andrea Dobbiani, Federico Berton, Giuseppe Perinetti, Fulvia Costantinides, Roberto DI Lenarda
OBJECTIVE: The longitudinal aspect of dental caries has not been previously reported for the Italian population. The primary object of the present study is to collect information of the prevalence of dental decay among the schoolchildren of primary school of Gradisca d'Isonzo (GO) and to analyse the tendency of caries among the students followed since the first year of school. METHODS: Subsequent examinations hold from 2011 to 2015 has been conducted by two calibrated examiners...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239085/developing-educators-of-european-undergraduate-dental-students-towards-an-agreed-curriculum
#8
S Chuenjitwongsa, R G Oliver, A D Bullock
INTRODUCTION: Recent developments in European dental education are student-focused, concerned with competency-based and problem-based learning. The development of dental educators has so far received little consideration. This study aimed to agree curriculum content for developing dental educators so that they are better able to support changing undergraduate dental education. METHODS: Adopting consensus methodology, a 2-round Delphi was conducted in 2012. Fifty-three dental educators and 39 dental students across Europe volunteered to take part...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239084/identification-of-influence-factors-for-the-implementation-of-communication-curricula-in-dental-education
#9
S Rüttermann, C Kiessling, R Haak, S Gerhardt-Szep, A Härtl
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to reveal possible obstacles or advantages for the implementation of a dental communication curriculum. It was questioned whether (i) universities with a communication curriculum in medicine realise the same development in dentistry, (ii) the existence and usage of a learning objectives catalogue is a main factor to facilitate the implementation, and (iii) it is more easy to establish with a lower number of students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of two recently published surveys were taken as the basis for further analysis...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227014/comparison-of-weighted-and-composite-scores-for-pre-clinical-dental-learners
#10
H M Nassar, Y S Park, A Tekian
PURPOSE: The weighted mean (WM) method for combining scores of assessment components can provide outcomes with biased reliability and score precision. The objective of this study was to compare the traditional WM with another method utilising the composite score (CS) principle for combining scores of a final summative assessment exercise for a pre-clinical dental course. METHODS: Data were collected from the final examination of third-year Preclinical Operative and Esthetic Dentistry course consisting of 3 parts: practical competency, objective structured practical examination and a written examination with weights of 33%, 17% and 50%, respectively...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216910/perceived-causes-of-stress-among-a-group-of-western-canadian-dental-students
#11
Alyssa Hayes, Jay N Hoover, Chandima P Karunanayake, Gerald S Uswak
OBJECTIVE: The demanding nature of dental education, both academically and clinically, results in higher levels of perceived stress among its students. The aim of this study was to determine how dental students at the College of Dentistry, University of Saskatchewan perceived stress. During the 2013-2014 academic year, all students were asked to complete a modified dental environmental survey (DES). RESULTS: Of the 111 students enrolled at the College that year 92 completed the survey (response rate = 83%)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205782/the-graduating-european-dentist-a-new-undergraduate-curriculum-framework
#12
J C Field, J G Cowpe, A D Walmsley
With "The Graduating European Dentist", ADEE provides a new approach that reflects best academic practice for European undergraduate dental education. The new suite of documents sees increased emphasis on important curriculum components such as patient safety, working as a team and patient-centred care. There is also an increased emphasis on teaching excellence, student satisfaction and student preparedness and support. Guidance relating to methods of teaching and learning, and assessment (educational measurement), is also provided...
December 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197432/predoctoral-and-postdoctoral-education-on-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#13
Allison Buchanan, Karan Thachil, Chris Haggard, Sajitha Kalathingal
OBJECTIVES: As the use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in dentistry continues to grow, questions related to appropriate radiation safety, training, and interpretation arise. Recognizing this need, the American Dental Association published an advisory statement for the safe use of CBCT in dentistry and recommended that guidelines for appropriate training be established. The purpose of this study was to assess radiation safety concerns related to CBCT and identify voids in current education on CBCT for the predoctoral dental curriculum and continuing dental education...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196334/grading-class-i-preparations-in-preclinical-dental-education-e4d-compare-software-vs-the-traditional-standard
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marilia M Sly, Juliana A Barros, Charles F Streckfus, Dianna M Arriaga, Shalizeh A Patel
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a novel assessment software system with the traditional grading protocol used in the University of Texas School of Dentistry at Houston operative dentistry preclinical curriculum. In the study, conducted in 2016, 98 Class I preparations were evaluated both traditionally and digitally by two teams of calibrated preclinical faculty members (two evaluators for each team). Scores from each faculty pair were averaged for the traditional and the digital grading systems, and the scores for the two grading systems were compared...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196333/validity-of-peer-evaluation-for-team-based-learning-in-a-dental-school-in-japan
#15
Keisuke Nishigawa, Rika Hayama, Katsuhiro Omoto, Kazuo Okura, Toyoko Tajima, Yoshitaka Suzuki, Maki Hosoki, Mayu Ueda, Miho Inoue, Omar Marianito Maningo Rodis, Yoshizo Matsuka
The aim of this study was to determine the validity of peer evaluation for team-based learning (TBL) classes in dental education in comparison with the term-end examination records and TBL class scores. Examination and TBL class records of 256 third- and fourth-year dental students in six fixed prosthodontics courses from 2013 to 2015 in one dental school in Japan were investigated. Results of the term-end examination during those courses, individual readiness assurance test (IRAT), group readiness assurance test (GRAT), group assignment projects (GAP), and peer evaluation of group members in TBL classes were collected...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196330/dental-students-study-habits-in-flipped-blended-classrooms-and-their-association-with-active-learning-practices
#16
Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot, Gloria J Redford, Brenda S Bohaty
In recognition of the importance for dental education programs to take a student-centered approach in which students are encouraged to take responsibility for their learning, a pediatric dentistry course redesign aimed at promoting greater active and self-directed learning was implemented at one U.S. dental school. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the students' self-reported study habits and active learning practices necessary for meaningful learning in the flipped/blended classroom...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196327/oral-health-care-quality-measurement-and-its-role-in-dental-education
#17
Ronald J Hunt, Diptee Ojha
Concerns about health care quality have affected much of the health care delivery system including dentistry and dental education. Believing measurement is the key element in improving quality, the Dental Quality Alliance brought together major stakeholders in oral health care to lead the development of oral health performance measures that can be used to evaluate the performance of dental programs and practices. These measures complement the quality assurance measures dental schools use to ensure compliance with accreditation standards on patient care delivery...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192689/using-learning-outcomes-in-dental-education
#18
H Bateman, J Ellis, J Stewart, G McCracken
Explicitly-stated learning outcomes are an expected, integral part of contemporary under- and postgraduate learning programmes in dentistry. Writing learning outcomes, however, can be challenging and undertaken with a risk of not understanding what is meant by them and what well-constructed outcomes are meant to do. Written badly, learning outcomes will not help capture the goals of educational interventions or, perhaps worse, they end up as nothing more than a complex, frustrating hoop-jumping exercise in both their conception and utilisation...
November 17, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171515/dental-education-microteaching
#19
A Babu Santosh, C Gabbadon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168887/implications-of-who-guideline-on-sugars-for-dental-health-professionals
#20
REVIEW
Paula Moynihan, Yuka Makino, Poul Erik Petersen, Hiroshi Ogawa
The burden of oral disease is high in populations across the world. This is because of high consumption of free sugars. The WHO Guideline on Sugars Intake for Adults and Children recommended limiting free sugars to no more than 5% energy intake to protect oral health throughout the life-course. The objectives of this paper are to consider the implications of the Guideline for dental health practice and to advocate use of the common risk factor approach when providing dietary advice. As part of a broad range of actions needed to reduce free sugars intake, improved education for dental health professionals and supporting patients to eat less free sugars are key actions for the dental profession...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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