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mesenterial cancer

Dhananjaya Sharma, Shuji Isaji
Focused pathological attention to tumor invasion of the retroperitoneal resection margin after pancreaticoduodenectomy for cancer of head of the pancreas led to the knowledge of strong tendency of cancer cells to infiltrate into the retropancreatic tissue and to spread along the peripancreatic neural plexuses as the cause of local recurrence. The term 'mesopancreas' was coined to describe perineural lymphatic layer located dorsally to the pancreas and it was suggested that its complete resection will minimize loco-regional recurrence and improve outcome...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Paul H Sugarbaker
PURPOSE: Adrenal cortical carcinoma is a rare cancer that often presents in an advanced stage. Not only systemic metastases but also local recurrence and peritoneal metastases prevent long-term survival in these patients. METHODS: A profoundly symptomatic patient with extensive peritoneal metastases and local recurrence was treated using cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with melphalan as the chemotherapy agent. RESULTS: Relative sparing of the small bowel within the abdomen and pelvis allowed a visible complete resection of all cancer...
September 27, 2016: Tumori
Nam Kyu Kim, Young Wan Kim, Yoon Dae Han, Min Soo Cho, Hyuk Hur, Byung Soh Min, Kang Young Lee
Classic colon cancer surgery refers to a wide resection of the tumor-bearing segment and the lymphatics draining along the named artery. The concept of TME has been applied to colon cancer and complete mesocolic excision (CME) in conjuction with central vascular ligation (CVL) has been introduced as the surgical treatment for colon cancer. Here, we discuss appropriate CME procedure with regard to the oncologic backgrounds, essential components, applied anatomy, laparoscopic technique, short-term, and oncologic outcomes...
September 2016: Surgical Oncology
Enrico Panuccio, Karin Leunen, Els Van Nieuwenhuysen, Patrick Neven, Sandrina Lambrechts, Ignace Vergote
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the role and complications of extensive cytoreduction with PlasmaJet (Plasma Surgical, Roswell, Ga) in ovarian cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis. MATERIALS: All patients undergoing primary, secondary, or interval debulking surgery for ovarian cancer and treated with PlasmaJet between October 2013 and February 2015 were analyzed. RESULTS: Nineteen patients were enrolled. The median operative time was 270 minutes, median blood loss was 700 mL, and median length of stay was 9 days...
October 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Hirohiko Kamiyama, Kazuhiro Sakamoto, Koichiro Niwa, Shun Ishiyama, Makoto Takahashi, Yutaka Kojima, Michitoshi Goto, Yuichi Tomiki, Itsuko Nakamichi, Shiaki Oh, Kenji Suzuki
Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is a credible diagnostic modality for detecting primary and metastatic malignancy. PET/CT sometimes shows false positives and negatives, which make clinical diagnosis difficult. A 42-year-old man who had undergone right upper lobectomy for lung cancer 1 year previously had PET/CT for a metastatic survey of the lung. The lung cancer was stage IB (pT2N0M0) bronchioloalveolar carcinoma. PET/CT showed massive (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the mesenteric lymph nodes...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Jin Cheng, Jing Wu, Yingjiang Ye, Chunfang Zhang, Yinli Zhang, Yi Wang
BACKGROUND: Extramural venous invasion (EMVI) is defined histologically as the active invasion of tumor cells to the lumens of mesenteric vessels beyond the muscularis propria in advanced gastrointestinal cancer, resulting in distant metastases. PURPOSE: To determine the association between synchronous metastatic disease in patients with T4 gastric cancer and EMVI detected on contrast-enhanced multiple-row detector computed tomography (MDCT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 152 patients with T4 gastric carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed and divided into EMVI-positive and EMVI-negative groups where EMVI, as detected on MDCT, was defined as a tubular or nodular soft tissue thickening extending from the tumor along the vessels of the mesentery...
July 20, 2016: Acta Radiologica
Donghan Cai, Guoxian Guan, Xing Liu, Weizhong Jiang, Zhifen Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pattern of lymph node metastasis in patients with left-sided colon cancer in order to provide evidences for the choice of operation mode and the range of lymph node clearance. METHODS: Clinical data of 556 cases with left-sided colon carcinoma undergoing surgical treatment in Department of Colorectal Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from January 2000 to October 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, cancer of splenic flexure and transverse colon close to splenic flexure (splenic flexure group) was found in 41 cases, descending colon cancer in 73 cases(descending colon goup) and sigmoid colon cancer in 442 cases (sigmoid colon group), respectively; T1 was found in 29 cases, T2 in 63 cases, T3 in 273 cases, T4 in 191 cases...
June 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Fanghai Han, Hongming Li
Prevention of intraoperative incidental injuries during radical operation for rectal cancer and management of postoperative complication are associated with successful operation and prognosis of patients. This paper discusses how to prevent such intraoperative incidental injuries and how to manage postoperative complication. (1) Accurate clinical evaluation should be performed before operation and reasonable treatment decision should be made, including determination of the distance from transection to lower margin of the tumor, T and M staging evaluated by MRI, fascia invasion of mesorectum, metastasis of lateral lymph nodes, metastatic station of mesentery lymph node, association between levator ani muscle and anal sphincter, course and length of sigmoid observed by Barium enema, length assessment of pull-through bowel...
June 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Kenji Kawada, Suguru Hasegawa, Toshiaki Wada, Ryo Takahashi, Shigeo Hisamori, Koya Hida, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Decreased blood perfusion is an important risk factor for postoperative anastomotic leakage (AL). Fluorescence imaging with indocyanine green (ICG) provides a real-time assessment of intestinal perfusion. This study evaluated the utility of ICG fluorescence imaging in determining the transection line of the proximal colon during laparoscopic colorectal surgery with double stapling technique (DST) anastomosis. METHODS: This was a prospective single-institution study of 68 patients with left-sided colorectal cancers who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery between August 2013 and December 2014...
June 28, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Hongming Li, Yaobin He, Zhongqiu Lin, Wenjun Xiong, Dechang Diao, Wei Wang, Jin Wan, Liaonan Zou
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated the safety and feasibility of this caudal-to-cranial laparoscopic dissection approach for the curative resection of right-sided colon cancer. To the best of our knowledge, no study has reported the caudal-to-cranial approach in the laparoscopic right colectomy with curative intent for colon cancer. METHOD: The key procedure of the caudal-to-cranial approach is the commencement of the dissection at the mesentery root, thus entering into the Toldt's space before the mesenteric vessels are accessed...
August 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
N Guignard, C Cartier, L Crampette, M Akkari
INTRODUCTION: Gardner's syndrome is the association of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) with an anaphase promoting complex (APC) gene mutation and several extradigestive manifestations: osteomas, epidermal cysts and desmoid tumours. Only 2 cases of FAP associated with parotid tumour have been reported in the literature: one carcinoma and one pleomorphic adenoma. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 23-year-old man with Gardner's syndrome presenting with a fibromatous tumour of the left parotid gland...
June 9, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Eric J Gray, Ayeh Darvishzadeh, Ankush Sharma, Dhakshinamoorthy Ganeshan, Silvana C Faria, Chandana Lall
Cancer therapy-induced complications in the bowel and mesentery are fairly common. It is important for clinicians to be aware of these complications and the agents most frequently implicated. Cancer therapy is rapidly evolving and often encompasses both classic cytotoxic drugs and newer molecular targeted agents. Drugs from both broad classes can have numerous adverse effects on the bowel and mesentery that can be detected on imaging. These adverse effects include ileus, various forms of enterocolitis, gastrointestinal perforation, pneumatosis intestinalis, secretory diarrhea, and sclerosing mesenteritis...
October 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Atsushi Yoshida, Masayuki Okabe, Junya Noguchi, Yasuhiko Futamata
We report a rare case of ectopic pancreatic cancer in the mesentery of the jejunum. A 68-year-old man presented with left abdominal pain. Contrast-enhanced abdominal CT revealed a 3-cm tumor in the mesentery near the ligament of Treitz. He had required surgery for gastric cancer 28 years ago;therefore, surgery was scheduled on the suspicion of recurrence/metastasis of gastric cancer or gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and mesenteric tumors. A tumor was observed in the mesentery of the jejunum of the ligament of Treitz...
2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Yu V Dumanskiy, V A Stepko, O V Sinyachenko
Abstract The factors, determining possibility of early postoperative morbidity occurrence in patients, suffering gastro-esophageal zone cancer, were analyzed. After radical operation performance (gastrectomy, gastric and esophageal resection) 5.7% patients died. Insufficience of the anastomosis sutures with peritonitis occurrence, an acute hepato-renal insufficience, an acute coronary syndrome, pulmonary thromboembolism, pneumonia, the brain insult, pancreonecrosis and mesenterial thrombosis constituted the main morbidities...
February 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Yuji Miyamoto, Takahiko Akiyama, Yasuo Sakamoto, Ryuma Tokunaga, Mayuko Ohuchi, Hironobu Shigaki, Junji Kurashige, Masaaki Iwatsuki, Yoshifumi Baba, Naoya Yoshida, Hideo Baba
Pelvic infection is a significant clinical problem after pelvic exenteration. The clinical benefit of an omental flap in reducing the incidence of such infections is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether an omental flap after pelvic exenteration reduces the incidence of pelvic infection and the length of postoperative hospital stay. In this study, we demonstrate a safe, effective, simple method for reducing the incidence of pelvic infection using an omental flap. We performed pelvic exenteration for tumors that were suspected to have extensive invasion to the bladder, prostate, or uterus...
May 25, 2016: Surgery Today
Joel C Acab, Wade Kvatum, Chukwuma Ebo
INTRODUCTION: Merkel Cell Carcinoma is an aggressively malignant, neuroendocrine-derived, cutaneous neoplasm that commonly affects sun-exposed areas of the elderly population. MCC typically presents as a rapidly enlarging, painless nodule that is red to purple in color and located on sun exposed areas such as the head, neck and arms. Although rare, cases of MCC on non-sun exposed skin have been documented and typically have a worse prognosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report an atypical case of Merkel Cell Carcinoma originating in a non-sun exposed area of the body with evidence of distant metastasis...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Konstantinos Sapalidis, Titika Marina Strati, Lazaros Liavas, Efstathios Kotidis, Triantafilia Koletsa, Fani Tsiompanou, Ioannis Kanellos, Dinu Florin Albu
UNLABELLED: Heterotopic mesenteric ossification is a rare clinical entity with less than 40 reported cases. Moreover, heterotopic mesenteric ossification around a stoma is described in fewer cases. CASE PRESENTATION: An 81-year-old male patient, who underwent a sigmoidectomy two years ago for a sigmoid colon cancer, was admitted in our Department in order to be investigated for a local recurrence of his disease. Because of unresectable pelvic lesions, the patient was taken in the operating room for a palliative double barrel ileostomy...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
K Takahashi, H Yoshida, R Watanabe, M Ishikawa, S I Ikeda, T Kato
Secondary metastatic tumours of the uterine cervix are rare. There have been no reports of duodenal cancer metastasizing to the uterine cervix. Here we present a rare case of an extra-ampullary duodenal adenocarcinoma that has metastasized to the uterine cervix. The patient was a 71-year-old woman who had surgery for an extra-ampullary duodenal adenocarcinoma five years previously. Follow-up examination revealed a suspicious right ovarian mass and nodules in the cervix and posterior fornix of the vagina. Biopsies suggested squamous cell carcinoma in the cervix and adenocarcinoma in the fornix...
April 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
Julia Fehniger, Stephen Thomas, Ernst Lengyel, Chuanhong Liao, Meaghan Tenney, Aytekin Oto, S Diane Yamada
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the ability of DW-MRI and CT to detect sites of peritoneal dissemination in gynecologic malignancies. The reproducibility of DW-MRI and CT interpretation between radiologists was also assessed. METHODS: Single institution prospective cohort study of women with suspected advanced gynecologic cancer who underwent surgical staging from 2010 to 2013. Participants underwent both DW-MRI and contrast-enhanced CT prior to surgery. Radiologists and surgeons were blinded, respectively, to surgical and DW-MRI results...
July 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
D Fischerova, M Zikan, I Semeradova, J Slama, R Kocian, P Dundr, K Nemejcova, A Burgetova, L Dusek, D Cibula
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the accuracy of ultrasound in assessing pelvic and intra-abdominal disease in patients with ovarian cancer. METHODS: This prospective study enrolled all consecutive patients referred to a single gynecologic oncology center for suspected ovarian cancer. Only data with histologically confirmed primary ovarian cancer in patients who were evaluated under predefined preoperative ultrasound, intraoperative and pathologic protocols were analyzed. The rectosigmoid wall infiltration depth, peritoneal involvement in different compartments and metastatic lymph node presence were correlated with histopathology...
April 19, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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