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mesothelial cancer

J N Sheets, M Iwanicki, J F Liu, B E Howitt, M S Hirsch, J A A Gubbels, R Drapkin, K A Egland
The cause of death among the majority of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients involves passive dissemination of cancer cells within the peritoneal cavity and subsequent implantation of cancer spheroids into adjacent organs. Thus, it is important to identify the factors that mediate EOC metastasis and implantation, including clearance of the mesothelium. Sushi domain containing 2 (SUSD2) encodes a type I transmembrane protein containing several functional domains inherent to adhesion molecules. Immunohistochemical analysis determined the presence of SUSD2 in several subtypes of EOC, with the strongest staining observed in high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSOCs)...
October 24, 2016: Oncogenesis
Koji Nakamura, Kenjiro Sawada, Yasuto Kinose, Akihiko Yoshimura, Aska Toda, Erika Nakatsuka, Kae Hashimoto, Seiji Mabuchi, Ken-Ichirou Morishige, Hirohisa Kurachi, Ernst Lengyel, Tadashi Kimura
: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells metastasize within the peritoneal cavity and directly encounter human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) as the initial step of metastasis. The contact between ovarian cancer cells and the single layer of mesothelial cells involves direct communications that modulate cancer progression but the mechanisms are unclear. One candidate mediating cell-cell communications are exosomes, 30-100 nm membrane vesicles of endocytic origin, through the cell-cell transfer of proteins, mRNAs, or microRNAs...
October 6, 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Pascal Andujar, Aude Lacourt, Patrick Brochard, Jean-Claude Pairon, Marie-Claude Jaurand, Didier Jean
Despite the reduction of global asbestos consumption and production due to the ban or restriction of asbestos uses in more than 50 countries since the 1970s, malignant mesothelioma remains a disease of concern. Asbestos is still used, imported, and exported in several countries, and the number of mesothelioma deaths may be expected to increase in the next decades in these countries. Asbestos exposure is the main risk factor for malignant pleural mesothelioma, but other types of exposures are linked to the occurrence of this type of cancer...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
X H Yin, L Ju, W Wu, Y Xiao, S B Ying, M Zhang, J L Lou, Z Y Jia, H L Xia, L J Zhu, X Zhang
Objective: To explore the cytotoxicities of MWCNT to the mesothelial cells and screen the changes of microRNA profile after exposure to MWCNT. Methods: A LDH method was used to test the cytotoxicities of MWCNT to MeT-5A cell lines. And then the differentially expressed miRNAs between mesothelioma cells and normal mesothelial cells were selected from previous work of research group. Among the significant expression changed miRNAs, 5 were verified by RT-qPCR in mesothelioma cells. The same five ones were further tested in MeT-5A cells exposed to 10 μg/cm(2) MWCNT for 8, 24, 48, 72 h by RT-qPCR...
July 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
David A Tumbarello, Melissa R Andrews, James D Brenton
TGFBI has been shown to sensitize ovarian cancer cells to the cytotoxic effects of paclitaxel via an integrin receptor-mediated mechanism that modulates microtubule stability. Herein, we determine that TGFBI localizes within organized fibrillar structures in mesothelial-derived ECM. We determined that suppression of SPARC expression by shRNA decreased the deposition of TGFBI in mesothelial-derived ECM, without affecting its overall protein expression or secretion. Conversely, overexpression of SPARC increased TGFBI deposition...
2016: PloS One
Isabelle Matte, Clara Major Legault, Perrine Garde-Granger, Claude Laplante, Paul Bessette, Claudine Rancourt, Alain Piché
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) dissemination is primarily mediated by the shedding of tumor cells from the primary site into ascites where they form multicellular spheroids that rapidly lead to peritoneal carcinomatosis. While the clinical importance and fundamental role of multicellular spheroids in EOC is increasingly appreciated, the mechanisms that regulate their formation and dictate their cellular composition remain poorly characterized. To investigate these important questions, we characterized spheroids isolated from ascites of women with EOC...
September 9, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
Maria-Magdalena Georgescu, Mihai Gagea, Gilbert Cote
NHERF1/EBP50, an adaptor molecule that interacts with β-catenin, YAP, and PTEN, has been recently implicated in the progression of various human malignancies, including colorectal cancer. We report here that NHERF1 acts as a tumor suppressor in vivo for intestinal adenoma development. NHERF1 is highly expressed at the apical membrane of mucosa intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and serosa mesothelial cells. NHERF1-deficient mice show overall longer small intestine and colon that most likely could be attributed to a combination of defects, including altered apical brush border of absorbtive IECs and increased number of secretory IECs...
August 2016: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Ben Davidson
With the exception of hematological malignancies, flow cytometry (FC) is infrequently applied as an ancillary tool in the diagnosis of malignant effusions in most institutions. However, FC may be effectively used to differentiate between epithelial cells, mesothelial cells and leukocytes using antibodies against both cell surface and intracellular proteins, offering the advantage of quantitative analysis. Additionally, FC may be applied to the quantitative detection of cancer-associated molecules, including stem cell markers, as well as assessment of critical cellular processes, such as proliferation and apoptosis...
2016: Acta Cytologica
Mir A Hoda, Christine Pirker, Yawen Dong, Karin Schelch, Petra Heffeter, Kushtrim Kryeziu, Sushilla van Schoonhoven, Thomas Klikovits, Viktoria Laszlo, Anita Rozsas, Judit Ozsvar, Walter Klepetko, Balazs Döme, Michael Grusch, Balazs Hegedüs, Walter Berger
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is characterized by widespread resistance to systemic therapy. Trabectedin is an antineoplastic agent targeting both the malignant cells and the tumor microenvironment that has been approved for the treatment of advanced soft tissue sarcoma and ovarian cancer. In this preclinical study, we evaluated the antineoplastic potential of trabectedin as a single agent and in drug combination approaches in human MPM. Therefore, we utilized an extended panel of MPM cell lines (n = 6) and primary cell cultures from surgical MPM specimens (n = 13), as well as nonmalignant pleural tissue samples (n = 2)...
October 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Tomohiro Arita, Daisuke Ichikawa, Hirotaka Konishi, Shuhei Komatsu, Atsushi Shiozaki, Shinpei Ogino, Yuji Fujita, Hidekazu Hiramoto, Junichi Hamada, Katsutoshi Shoda, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Kazuma Okamoto, Eigo Otsuji
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal metastasis consists of a highly complex series of steps, and the details of the underlying molecular mechanism remain largely unclear. In this study, the effects of tumor-derived exosomes (TEX) on the progression of gastric cancers were investigated in peritoneal metastasis. RESULTS: TEX were internalized in both mesothelial and gastric cancer cells in a cellular origin non-specific manner. Internalization of TEX into mesothelial cells promoted significant adhesion between mesothelial and gastric cancer cells, and TEX internalization into gastric cancer cells significantly promoted migratory ability, while internalization of mesothelial cell-derived exosomes did not...
July 28, 2016: Oncotarget
Justyna Mikuła-Pietrasik, Paweł Uruski, Kinga Matuszkiewicz, Sebastian Szubert, Rafał Moszyński, Dariusz Szpurek, Stefan Sajdak, Andrzej Tykarski, Krzysztof Książek
PURPOSE: After the seeding ovarian cancer cells into the peritoneal cavity, ascitic fluid creates a microenvironment in which these cells can survive and disseminate. The exact nature of the interactions between malignant ascitic fluids and peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) in ovarian cancer progression has so far remained elusive. Here we assessed whether malignant ascitic fluids may promote the senescence of HPMCs and, by doing so, enhance the acquisition of their pro-cancerogenic phenotype...
October 2016: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
Francesca Amoroso, Erica Salaro, Simonetta Falzoni, Paola Chiozzi, Anna Lisa Giuliani, Giorgio Cavallesco, Pio Maniscalco, Andrea Puozzo, Ilaria Bononi, Fernanda Martini, Mauro Tognon, Francesco Di Virgilio
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive tumor refractory to anti-blastic therapy. MPM cells show several genetic and biochemical defects, e.g. overexpression of oncogenes, downregulation of onco-suppressor genes, dysregulation of microRNA, or alteration of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis and of apoptosis. No information is as yet available on purinergic signalling in this tumor. Signalling via the P2X7 (P2RX7 or P2X7R) purinergic receptor is attracting increasing attention as a pathway involved in cancer cell death or proliferation...
July 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Nah Ihm Kim, Ga-Eon Kim, Ji Shin Lee
OBJECTIVE: Claudin-3 and claudin-4 have recently been reported as promising targets for the detection and diagnosis of cancer. This study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic value of claudin-3 and claudin-4 immunoreactivity to distinguish metastatic adenocarcinoma cells (MAC) from reactive mesothelial cells (RMC) in effusions. STUDY DESIGN: Claudin-3 and claudin-4 immunocytochemical staining was performed on 234 cell block specimens, including 194 malignant effusions with MAC and 40 benign effusions with RMC...
2016: Acta Cytologica
Kazunori Hashimoto, Kazuho Honda, Hideo Matsui, Yoji Nagashima, Hideaki Oda
AIM: To evaluate the response of mesothelial cells and macrophages in the peritoneal fluid of epithelial ovarian malignant tumors using flow cytometry immunophenotyping. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen peritoneal fluid samples collected from surgery or scentesis of epithelial ovarian malignant tumor patients were assayed using flow cytometry. Cytological and pathological diagnosis was performed on the same ascites and resected tumor specimens. Samples were treated with antibodies against established markers of mesothelial cells (podoplanin), macrophages (CD14) and the hyaluronan receptor (CD44)...
July 2016: Anticancer Research
R Hasan, O S Khan, M Aftabuddin, A M Razzaque, G A Chowdhury
Malignant pleural effusion is a common complication of primary and metastatic pleural malignancies. Pleurodesis for the management of malignant pleural effusion is intended to achieve symphysis between parietal and visceral pleura, and to prevent relapse of pleural effusion. Many chemical agents are tried to induce inflammation and damage of the pleural mesothelial layer to achieve this symphysis. Hemorrhagic pleural effusion, especially in the right hemithorax commonly occurs as presentation of primary and metastatic pleural malignancies...
April 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Takumi Kishimoto, Nobukazu Fujimoto, Hideyuki Nishi
For the differential diagnosis between fibrous pleuritis and other malignancies such as lung cancer, multiple immunostaining is essential to diagnose pleural mesothelioma. For cytological diagnosis of pleural effusions, differentiation between mesothelioma cells and reactive mesothelial cells is very difficult. Therefore, histological diagnoses of tumor tissues obtained via biopsy are essential. To diagnose epthelioid mesothelioma, more than 2 positive and negative markers must be consistent with those known for mesothelioma...
May 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Takahiro Einama, Futoshi Kawamata, Hirofumi Kamachi, Hiroshi Nishihara, Shigenori Homma, Fumihiko Matsuzawa, Tatsuzo Mizukami, Yuji Konishi, Munenori Tahara, Toshiya Kamiyama, Okio Hino, Akinobu Taketomi, Satoru Todo
Mesothelin, C-ERC/mesothelin is a 40-kDa cell surface glycoprotein that is normally present on normal mesothelial cells lining the pleura, peritoneum, and pericardium. Moreover, mesothelin has been shown to be overexpressed in several human cancers, including virtually all mesothelioma and pancreatic cancer, approximately 70% of ovarian cancer and extra bile duct cancer, and 50% of lung adenocarcinomas and gastric cancer. The full-length human mesothelin gene encodes the primary product, a 71-kDa precursor protein...
May 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
Monica Benvenuto, Rosanna Mattera, Gloria Taffera, Maria Gabriella Giganti, Paolo Lido, Laura Masuelli, Andrea Modesti, Roberto Bei
Malignant Mesothelioma (MM) is a tumor of the serous membranes linked to exposure to asbestos. A chronic inflammatory response orchestrated by mesothelial cells contributes to the development and progression of MM. The evidence that: (a) multiple signaling pathways are aberrantly activated in MM cells; (b) asbestos mediated-chronic inflammation has a key role in MM carcinogenesis; (c) the deregulation of the immune system might favor the development of MM; and (d) a drug might have a better efficacy when injected into a serous cavity thus bypassing biotransformation and reaching an effective dose has prompted investigations to evaluate the effects of polyphenols for the therapy and prevention of MM...
2016: Nutrients
David Roulois, Sophie Deshayes, Marie-Noëlle Guilly, Joëlle S Nader, Charly Liddell, Myriam Robard, Philippe Hulin, Amal Ouacher, Vanessa Le Martelot, Jean-François Fonteneau, Marc Grégoire, Christophe Blanquart, Daniel L Pouliquen
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is one of the worst cancers in terms of clinical outcome, urging the need to establish and characterize new preclinical tools for investigation of the tumorigenic process, improvement of early diagnosis and evaluation of new therapeutic strategies. For these purposes, we characterized a collection of 27 cell lines established from F344 rats, after 136 to 415 days of induction with crocidolite asbestos administered intraperitoneally. Four mesotheliomas were distinguished from 23 preneoplastic mesothelial cell lines (PN) according to their propensity to generate tumors after orthotopic transplantation into syngeneic rats, their growth pattern, and the expression profile of three genes...
June 7, 2016: Oncotarget
Tanya J Shaw, Xiang Y Zhang, Zhiming Huo, David Robertson, Patricia A Lovell, Angus G Dalgleish, Desmond P J Barton
Mesothelial cells lining the peritoneal cavity are strategically positioned to respond to and counter intraperitoneal infections, cancer cells, and other challenges. We have investigated human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) for phagocytic activity, expression of surface Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class II and accessory molecules involved in antigen presentation, and the ability to present recall antigens to T cells. Phagocytosis of dextran, latex beads, and Escherichia coli was observed by flow cytometry, and internalization was visualized using confocal and electron microscopy...
June 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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