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"Communities of practice"

Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Caroline Bulsara, Debbie Nobre, Anne-Marie Hill
The aims of this study were to evaluate establishing and operating a web-based community of practice (CoP) to lead falls prevention in a residential aged care (RAC) setting. A mixed methods evaluation was conducted in two phases using a survey and transcripts from interactive electronic sources. Nurses and allied health staff (n = 20) with an interest in falls prevention representing 13 sites of an RAC organization participated. In Phase 1, the CoP was developed, and the establishment of its structure and composition was evaluated using determinants of success reported in the literature...
October 18, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
Barry Edwards, Beth Stickney, Andrew Milat, Danielle Campbell, Sarah Thackway
Issue addressed: An organisational culture that values and uses research and evaluation (R&E) evidence to inform policy and practice is fundamental to improving health outcomes. The 2016 NSW Government Program Evaluation Guidelines recommend investment in training and development to improve evaluation capacity. The purpose of this paper is to outline the approaches taken by the NSW Ministry of Health to develop R&E capacity and assess these against existing models of practice.Method: The Ministry of Health's Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence (CEE) takes an evidence-based approach to building R&E capacity in population health...
October 19, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Peter A Lewis, Naomi F Tutticci, Clint Douglas, Genevieve Gray, Yvonne Osborne, Katie Evans, Catherine M Nielson
The professional development of nurse academics has been high on the agenda in many of the Asia-Pacific's developing countries including Vietnam. In collaboration with the Vietnamese Nurses Association, an Australian university designed and delivered a distance learning programme (DLP). The DLP sought to build academic capacity with a specific focus on the skills required to develop, implement and deliver a new national nursing curriculum. This paper will describe the design and delivery of the DLP as well as report on programme evaluation survey findings...
October 8, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Rachael Milwid, Andreea Steriu, Julien Arino, Jane Heffernan, Ayaz Hyder, Dena Schanzer, Emma Gardner, Margaret Haworth-Brockman, Harpa Isfeld-Kiely, Joanne M Langley, Seyed M Moghadas
Disease modeling is increasingly being used to evaluate the effect of health intervention strategies, particularly for infectious diseases. However, the utility and application of such models are hampered by the inconsistent use of infectious disease modeling terms between and within disciplines. We sought to standardize the lexicon of infectious disease modeling terms and develop a glossary of terms commonly used in describing models' assumptions, parameters, variables, and outcomes. We combined a comprehensive literature review of relevant terms with an online forum discussion in a virtual community of practice, mod4PH (Modeling for Public Health)...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Stephen Barnett, Sandra C Jones, Sue Bennett, Don Iverson, Laura Robinson
BACKGROUND: Professional isolation is an important factor in low rural health workforce retention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insights to inform the development of an implementation plan for a virtual community of practice (VCoP) for general practice (GP) training in regional Australia. The study also aimed to assess the applicability of the findings of an existing framework in developing this plan. This included ascertaining the main drivers of usage, or usefulness, of the VCoP for users and establishing the different priorities between user groups...
August 18, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Robert G Bing-You, Kalli Varaklis
BACKGROUND: A new organizational model of educational administrative support was instituted in the Department of Medical Education (DME) to better meet increasing national accreditation demands. Residency and fellowship programs were organized into four 'Communities of Practice' (CoOPs) based on discipline similarity, number of learners, and geographic location. Program coordinator reporting lines were shifted from individual departments to a centralized reporting structure within the DME...
2016: Medical Education Online
Margot Barry, Wietske Kuijer-Siebelink, Loek Nieuwenhuis, Nynke Scherpbier-de Haan
BACKGROUND: This literature review investigates what research reports about the contribution that communities of practice (CoPs) can make in the continuing professional development (CPD) of qualified occupational therapists. METHODS: Academic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE and ERIC) were searched and articles were included based on pre-determined criteria. Five articles were included in the review. RESULTS: The CoPs in the reviewed articles provided opportunities for knowledge sharing, knowledge translation, reflection on action and learning through boundary crossing...
October 5, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Brian R Wood, Kenton T Unruh, Natalia Martinez-Paz, Mary Annese, Christian B Ramers, Robert D Harrington, Shireesha Dhanireddy, Lisa Kimmerly, John D Scott, David H Spach
Background.  To increase human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care capacity in our region, we designed a distance mentorship and consultation program based on the Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) model, which uses real-time interactive video to regularly connect community providers with a multidisciplinary team of academic specialists. This analysis will (1) describe key components of our program, (2) report types of clinical problems for which providers requested remote consultation over the first 3...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Rita Cronise
BACKGROUND: This column explores how peer support provider training is enhanced through collaborative learning. PURPOSE: Collaborative learning is an approach that draws upon the "real life" experiences of individual learners and encompasses opportunities to explore varying perspectives and collectively construct solutions that enrich the practice of all participants. SOURCES USED: This description draws upon published articles and examples of collaborative learning in training and communities of practice of peer support providers...
September 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Lianne Jeffs, Julie McShane, Virginia Flintoft, Peggy White, Alyssa Indar, Maria Maione, A J Lopez, Sue Bookey-Bassett, Lauren Scavuzzo
BACKGROUND: The use of interorganizational, collaborative approaches to build capacity in quality improvement (QI) in health care is showing promise as a useful model for scaling up and accelerating the implementation of interventions that bridge the "know-do" gap to improve clinical care and provider outcomes. Fundamental to a collaborative approach is interorganizational learning whereby organizations acquire, share, and combine knowledge with other organizations and have the opportunity to learn from their respective successes and challenges in improvement areas...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Karen Hurtubise, Lisa Rivard, Léa Héguy, Jade Berbari, Chantal Camden
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge transfer in pediatric rehabilitation is challenging and requires active, multifaceted strategies. The use of knowledge brokers (KBs) is one such strategy noted to promote clinician behavior change. The success of using KBs to transfer knowledge relies on their ability to adapt to ever-changing clinical contexts. In addition, with the rapid growth of online platforms as knowledge transfer forums, KBs must become effective in virtual environments. Although the role of KBs has been studied in various clinical contexts, their emerging role in specific online environments designed to support evidence-based behavior change has not yet been described...
2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Ryan Olson, Sharon V Thompson, Diane L Elliot, Jennifer A Hess, Kristy Luther Rhoten, Kelsey N Parker, Robert R Wright, Brad Wipfli, Katrina M Bettencourt, Annie Buckmaster, Miguel Marino
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of the COMmunity of Practice And Safety Support (COMPASS) Total Worker Health intervention for home care workers. METHODS: We randomized 16 clusters of workers (n = 149) to intervention or usual-practice control conditions. The 12-month intervention was scripted and peer-led, and involved education on safety, health, and well-being; goal setting and self-monitoring; and structured social support. We collected measures at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months, which included workers' experienced community of practice (i...
October 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Kent McIntosh, Sterett H Mercer, Rhonda N T Nese, Adam Ghemraoui
The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which distinct patterns of fidelity of implementation emerged for 5331 schools over a 5-year course of implementing school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (SWPBIS). We used latent class analysis to classify schools based on their likelihood of implementing SWPBIS with fidelity each year, then assessed school and district predictors of classifications. A four-class solution fit the model well, with two patterns of sustained implementation (Sustainers and Slow Starters) and two patterns of practice abandonment (Late Abandoners and Rapid Abandoners)...
November 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Shari A Whicker, Deborah L Engle, Saumil Chudgar, Stephen DeMeo, Sarah M Bean, Aditee P Narayan, Colleen O'Connor Grochowski, Alisa Nagler
BACKGROUND: Graduate medical education faculty bear the responsibility of demonstrating active research and scholarship; however, faculty who choose education-focused careers may face unique obstacles related to the lack of promotion tracks, funding, career options, and research opportunities. Our objective was to address education research and scholarship barriers by providing a collaborative peer-mentoring environment and improve the production of research and scholarly outputs. METHODS: We describe a Medical Education Scholarship Support (MESS) group created in 2013...
2016: Medical Education Online
Muriel Lefebvre, Julie Renard
On 5th December 2012, a scientific article reviewing a change in the feeding behaviour of the European catfish, one of the largest freshwater fish, was published in the American scientific journal, PLOS ONE, an open access journal, which also allows the mass publication of pictures and videos. Within a few days following the publication of this article, it was relayed by numerous web sites and generated a media craze. In this paper, we analyse the circulation of this scientific information in the sphere of Web-based media during the two months following its publication, by revealing the citation mechanisms of the original article and the logic of the Internet users participating in its diffusion...
2016: PloS One
Sergi Valverde
When looking at the history of technology, we can see that all inventions are not of equal importance. Only a few technologies have the potential to start a new branching series (specifically, by increasing diversity), have a lasting impact in human life and ultimately became turning points. Technological transitions correspond to times and places in the past when a large number of novel artefact forms or behaviours appeared together or in rapid succession. Why does that happen? Is technological change continuous and gradual or does it occur in sudden leaps and bounds? The evolution of information technology (IT) allows for a quantitative and theoretical approach to technological transitions...
August 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Maria T Clark, Richard J Clark, Shane Toohey, Caroline Bradbury-Jones
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture shows promise as a treatment for plantar heel pain (PHP) or plantar fasciitis (PF), but data heterogeneity has undermined demonstration of efficacy. Recognising that acupuncture is a diverse field of practice, the aim of this study was to gain a broader, global perspective on the different approaches and rationales used in the application of acupuncture in PHP. METHODS: We built upon an earlier systematic review (which was limited by the necessity of a methodological focus on efficacy) using the critical interpretive synthesis (CIS) method to draw upon a wider international sample of 25 clinical sources, including case reports and case series...
July 7, 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Kaye Rolls, Margaret Hansen, Debra Jackson, Doug Elliott
BACKGROUND: Prevailing health care structures and cultures restrict intraprofessional communication, inhibiting knowledge dissemination and impacting the translation of research into practice. Virtual communities may facilitate professional networking and knowledge sharing in and between health care disciplines. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to review the literature on the use of social media by health care professionals in developing virtual communities that facilitate professional networking, knowledge sharing, and evidence-informed practice...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Hillary A Craddock, Lauren Walsh, Kandra Strauss-Riggs, Kenneth Schor
OBJECTIVE: Hurricanes Sandy and Irene damaged and destroyed homes, businesses, and infrastructure, and recovery after these storms took years. The goal of this article was to learn from the lived experience of local-level decision-makers actively involved in the long-term disaster recovery process after Hurricanes Irene and Sandy. Respondents provided professional recommendations, based on their experience, to assist other organizations in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from disasters...
August 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Sarah Salway, Parveen Ali, Giles Ratcliffe, Elizabeth Such, Nasaim Khan, Helen Kingston, Oliver Quarrell
Populations practising customary consanguineous marriage have a higher incidence of autosomal recessive genetic disorders than those in which reproductive partners are usually unrelated. In the absence of any national-level response, English service developments to address the additional needs of families living with or at risk of such disorders have been locally led. These interventions remain in their infancy here, as elsewhere in Europe, and important questions remain regarding how appropriate, effective and sustainable responses can be operationalised in practice...
July 2016: Journal of Community Genetics
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