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"Communities of practice"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711853/utilization-of-communities-of-practice-for-ongoing-learning-and-knowledge-dissemination-making-the-case-for-the-global-alliance-for-nursing-and-midwifery-ganm
#1
Ashley Gresh, Fernando Mena-Carrasco, Allison Rauh, Teresa Pfaff
With the growing connectivity among countries and healthcare practitioners, nurses and midwives in low resource settings are connecting digitally to access information through online platforms. Ninety eight percent of adults online report visiting a social network in the past month, and spend almost two hours per day engaged with social media. In an increasingly interconnected world, innovative strategies are needed to translate knowledge into practice. The Global Alliance for Nursing and Midwifery (GANM), part of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)/World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center (CC) at the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing (JHSON) leverages its Knowledge Gateway to facilitate translating knowledge into practice in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)...
July 5, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710054/preliminary-evidence-for-the-emergence-of-a-health-care-online-community-of-practice-using-a-netnographic-framework-for-twitter-hashtag-analytics
#2
Damian Roland, Jesse Spurr, Daniel Cabrera
BACKGROUND: Online communities of practice (oCoPs) may emerge from interactions on social media. These communities offer an open digital space and flat role hierarchy for information sharing and provide a strong group identity, rapid flow of information, content curation, and knowledge translation. To date, there is only a small body of evidence in medicine or health care to verify the existence of an oCoP. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the emergence of an oCoP through the study of social media interactions of the free open access medical education (FOAM) movement...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699274/transplant-center-support-for-infectious-diseases
#3
Joanna M Schaenman, Deepali Kumar, Camille N Kotton, Lara Danziger-Isakov, Michele I Morris
BACKGROUND: Transplant Infectious Diseases (TID) is a rapidly growing subspecialty, which has contributed significantly to improving patient outcomes after transplantation. Obtaining institutional support to implement programs that promote excellence in patient care remains a challenge for many non-surgical transplant-related specialties. METHOD: We surveyed the membership of the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Diseases Community of Practice to assess characteristics of individual transplant programs and delineate current patterns of institutional support of TID, with a goal of facilitating the exchange of innovative funding ideas between transplant programs...
July 12, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685853/developing-an-interdisciplinary-and-cross-sectoral-community-of-practice-in-the-domain-of-forests-and-livelihoods
#4
Cristy Watkins, Jennifer Zavaleta, Sarah Wilson, Scott Francisco
Although significant resources are being spent researching and fostering the relationship between forests and livelihoods to promote mutually beneficial outcomes, critical gaps in our understanding persist. A core reason for such gaps is that researchers, practitioners, and policy-makers lack the structured space to interact and collaborate, which is essential for effective, interdisciplinary research, practice, and evaluation. Thus, scientific findings, policy recommendations, and measured outcomes have not always been synthesized into deep, systemic understanding; learning from practice and implementation does not easily find its way into scientific analyses--; and science often fails to influence policy...
July 7, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679572/developing-a-nationwide-k-12-outreach-model-physiology-understanding-phun-week-10-years-later
#5
Margaret Stieben, Patricia A Halpin, Marsha Lakes Matyas
Since 2005, nearly 600 Physiology Understanding Week (PhUn Week) events have taken place across the U.S., involving American Physiological Society (APS) members in K-12 outreach. The program seeks to build student understanding of physiology and physiology careers, assist teachers in recognizing physiology in their standards-based curriculum, and involve more physiologists in K-12 outreach. Formative goals included program growth (sites, participants, and leaders), diversification of program models, and development of a community of practice of physiologists and trainees involved in outreach...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679571/how-do-the-institutes-on-teaching-and-learning-itls-nurture-the-members-of-the-physiology-educators-community-of-practice-pecop
#6
REVIEW
Barbara E Goodman
Do you teach physiology? Do you use best practices when you teach physiology? Have you ever thought about conducting educational research? Do you need collaborators to help with ideas for educational research or to expand your research populations? The American Physiological Society (APS) Teaching Section has developed a biennial Institute on Teaching and Learning (ITL) through the APS Conference Program to address these issues. The first institute was held in June 2014, and the second institute was held in June 2016...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670214/cultivating-a-community-of-practice-the-evolution-of-a-health-information-specialists-program-for-public-librarians
#7
Shari Clifton, Phill Jo, Jean Marie Longo, Tara Malone
BACKGROUND: To help improve the culture of health in Oklahoma-a state that frequently ranks poorly on multiple measures of health and wellness-faculty librarians from an academic health sciences library sought to create a collaborative network of health information professionals in Oklahoma's public libraries through the implementation of the Health Information Specialists Program. CASE PRESENTATION: Health sciences librarians offered a variety of consumer health information courses for public library staff across the state of Oklahoma for three years...
July 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660873/the-community-of-practice-as-a-place-of-prevention-the-value-of-collective-knowledge-in-occupational-safety
#8
Luisella Gilardi, Maurizio Marino, Lidia Fubini, Osvaldo Pasqualini, Elisa Ferro, Silvano Santoro, Eleonora Tosco, Antonella Bena, Maria Elena Coffano
BACKGROUND: Occupational Health and Safety (OSH) inspectors of the Health Units of Piedmont Region wrote 47 case histories based on data gathered from injury investigations as part of the project "From the injury investigation reports to case histories: creation of a collection of case histories on occupational injuries". Afterwards a Community of Practice (CoP) was initiated with the aim of sharing recommendations for prevention of occupational injuries. OBJECTIVE: The aims of the article are: 1) to describe the implementation process of the CoP; 2) to evaluate the benefits of CoP regarding the improvement of professional practice of OSH inspectors...
June 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649116/introduction
#9
Seth Rockman
This forum opens a conversation between the history of technology and the history of capitalism by considering the "paper technologies of capitalism" of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries in England and the United States. Seth Rockman offers an overview, connecting a recent exhibition of quotidian business ephemera to scholarly efforts to historicize the economic past, to engage material artifacts as things, and to embed the production of social knowledge in communities of practice. Three essays follow: William Deringer considers the "computational technologies" available in England to calculate future values; Caitlin Rosenthal traces the "rule of three" in the everyday transactions of the "innumerate" in the U...
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640036/a-constructive-reframing-of-student-roles-and-systems-learning-in-medical-education-using-a-communities-of-practice-lens
#10
Jed D Gonzalo, Britta M Thompson, Paul Haidet, Karen Mann, Daniel R Wolpaw
Health systems are in the midst of a transformation that is being driven by a variety of forces. This has important implications for medical educators because clinical practice environments play a key role in learning and professional development, and evolving health systems are beginning to demand that providers have "systems-ready" knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Such implications provide a clear mandate for medical schools to modify their goals and prepare physicians to practice flexibly within teams and effectively contribute to the improvement of health care delivery...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605065/injuries-in-youth-track-and-field-are-perceived-to-have-multiple-level-causes-that-call-for-ecological-holistic-developmental-interventions-a-national-sporting-community-perceptions-and-experiences
#11
Jenny Jacobsson, Daniel Bergin, Toomas Timpka, James M Nyce, Örjan Dahlström
Engaging in competitive sports as a youth can have many health benefits, but recent studies also report a high risk for injury. The long-term purpose of this Swedish research program is to develop a framework for safe track and field training for young athletes (aged 12-15 years). The aim of this study was to establish what is perceived to contribute and cause injuries in youth track and field by compiling the best available experiential knowledge about the underlying factors and use this knowledge to identify appropriate areas to handle these in practical ways...
June 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600711/what-s-in-a-name-tensions-between-formal-and-informal-communities-of-practice-among-regional-subspecialty-cancer-surgeons
#12
Simon C Kitto, Rachel E Grant, Jennifer Peller, Carol-Anne Moulton, Steven Gallinger
In 2007 the Cancer Care Ontario Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic (HPB) Community of Practice was formed during the wake of provincial regionalization of HPB services in Ontario, Canada. Despite being conceptualized within the literature as an educational intervention, communities of practice (CoP) are increasingly being adopted in healthcare as quality improvement initiatives. A qualitative case study approach using in-depth interviews and document analysis was employed to gain insight into the perceptions and attitudes of the HPB surgeons in the CoP...
June 9, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599218/adaptation-to-climate-change-in-agriculture-in-bangladesh-the-role-of-formal-institutions
#13
Md Torikul Islam, Melissa Nursey-Bray
Bangladesh is very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, and adaptation is emerging as a key policy response. Place based programs that build adaptive capacity are needed. This paper explores the effectiveness of formal institutions in climate change adaptation for agriculture from the perspectives of farmers and institutional communities of practice within two drought-prone areas in Bangladesh. Our findings show that formal institutions via their communities of practice play an important role in building place based capacity for mitigation and adaptation strategies in agriculture...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562494/factors-affecting-the-development-and-sustainability-of-communities-of-practice-among-primary-care-physicians-in-hong-kong
#14
Man Kay Poon, Tai Pong Lam
INTRODUCTION: Primary care physicians (PCPs) maintain high standards of medical care by partaking in continuous learning. The learning model of communities of practice (COPs) is increasingly being used in the field of health care. This study explores the establishment and maintenance of COPs among PCPs in Hong Kong. METHODS: Sequential, semi-structured individual interview and focus group interview were conducted to explore the purposes for partaking in continuous learning, as well as barriers and facilitators for attendance among private nonspecialist PCPs in Hong Kong...
April 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557935/constructing-a-shared-mental-model-for-faculty-development-for-the-core-entrustable-professional-activities-for-entering-residency
#15
Michele A Favreau, Linda Tewksbury, Carla Lupi, William B Cutrer, Janet A Jokela, Lalena M Yarris
In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges identified 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (Core EPAs), which are activities that entering residents might be expected to perform without direct supervision. This work included the creation of an interinstitutional concept group focused on faculty development efforts, as the processes and tools for teaching and assessing entrustability in undergraduate medical education (UME) are still evolving. In this article, the authors describe a conceptual framework for entrustment that they developed to better prepare all educators involved in entrustment decision making in UME...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535978/communicative-access-measures-for-stroke-development-and-evaluation-of-a-quality-improvement-tool
#16
Aura Kagan, Nina Simmons-Mackie, J Charles Victor, Melodie T Y Chan
OBJECTIVE: 1) To develop a systems level quality improvement tool targeting communicative access to information and decision-making for stroke patients with language disorders and 2) to evaluate the resulting tool - Communicative Access Measures for Stroke (CAMS). DESIGN: Survey development and evaluation was in line with accepted guidelines, and included item generation and reduction, survey formatting and composition, pre-testing, pilot-testing, and reliability assessment...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508742/caep-2016-academic-symposium-how-to-have-an-impact-as-an-emergency-medicine-educator-and-scholar
#17
Jason R Frank, Warren J Cheung, Jonathan Sherbino, Robert Primavesi, Robert A Woods, Glen Bandiera, Constance LeBlanc
BACKGROUND: In a time of major medical education transformation, emergency medicine (EM) needs to nurture education scholars who will influence EM education practice. However, the essential ingredients to ensure a career with impact in EM education are not clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe how to prepare EM educators for a high-impact career. METHODS: The Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians (CAEP) Academic Section commissioned an "Education Impact" working group (IWG) to guide the creation of consensus recommendations from the EM community...
May 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485074/integrated-and-implicit-how-residents-learn-canmeds-roles-by-participating-in-practice
#18
Nienke Renting, A N Janet Raat, Tim Dornan, Etienne Wenger-Trayner, Martha A van der Wal, Jan C C Borleffs, Rijk O B Gans, A Debbie C Jaarsma
CONTEXT: Learning outcomes for residency training are defined in competency frameworks such as the CanMEDS framework, which ultimately aim to better prepare residents for their future tasks. Although residents' training relies heavily on learning through participation in the workplace under the supervision of a specialist, it remains unclear how the CanMEDS framework informs practice-based learning and daily interactions between residents and supervisors. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore how the CanMEDS framework informs residents' practice-based training and interactions with supervisors...
May 9, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482769/men-s-health-and-communities-of-practice-in-australia
#19
Maree Henwood, Amie Shaw, Jillian Cavanagh, Timothy Bartram, Timothy Marjoribanks, Madeleine Kendrick
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the social opportunities for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men created through Men's Groups/Sheds across urban, regional and remote areas of Australia. Men's Sheds are a safe space, resembling a work-shop setting or backyard shed, where men are encouraged to socialise and participate in health promotion, informal learning and engage in meaningful tasks both individually and at the community level. Design/methodology/approach Explore five case study sites through Wenger's (1998) active communities of practice (CoP)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482678/partnerships-for-active-children-in-elementary-schools-outcomes-of-a-2-year-pilot-study-to-increase-physical-activity-during-the-school-day
#20
R Glenn Weaver, Collin A Webster, Cate Egan, Carolina M C Campos, Robert D Michael, Spyridoula Vazou
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of the pilot study Partnerships for Active Children in Elementary Schools on the percentage of children achieving the Institute of Medicine guideline of 30 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during the school day. DESIGN: Pre/multiple post-quasi-experimental. SETTING: Four elementary schools. PARTICIPANTS: Physical education (n = 3) and classroom teachers (n = 12) and students (n = 229)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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