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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910193/use-of-organs-from-donors-with-bloodstream-infection-pneumonia-and-influenza-results-of-a-survey-of-infectious-diseases-practitioners
#1
Sanjay R Mehta, Cathy Logan, Camille N Kotton, Deepali Kumar, Saima Aslam
BACKGROUND: Potential organ donors may be admitted with an infection to an intensive care unit, or contract a nosocomial infection during their stay, increasing the risk of potential transmission to the recipient. Because of a lack of practice guidelines and large-scale data on this topic, we undertook a survey to assess the willingness of transplant infectious diseases (ID) physicians to accept such organs. METHODS: We performed a 10-question survey of ID providers from the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Disease Community of Practice to determine the scope of practice regarding acceptance of organs from donors with bloodstream infection, pneumonia, and influenza prior to organ procurement, as well as management of such infections following transplantation...
December 2, 2016: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901600/the-role-of-the-built-environment-how-decentralized-nurse-stations-shape-communication-patient-care-processes-and-patient-outcomes
#2
Kevin Real, Shoshana H Bardach, David R Bardach
Increasingly, health communication scholars are attending to how hospital built environments shape communication, patient care processes, and patient outcomes. This multimethod study was conducted on two floors of a newly designed urban hospital. Nine focus groups interviews were conducted with 35 health care professionals from 10 provider groups. Seven of the groups were homogeneous by profession or level: nursing (three groups), nurse managers (two groups), and one group each of nurse care technicians ("techs") and physicians...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895913/listening-in-the-dark-why-we-need-stories-of-people-living-with-severe-and-enduring-anorexia-nervosa
#3
EDITORIAL
Janet Conti, Paul Rhodes, Heather Adams
A bold step forward in our approach to Severe and Enduring Anorexia Nervosa invites new paradigms for research and practice. It provides an opportunity for us to explore fault lines, both in our communities of practice and the social structures that inform them. This paper serves to question the medical metaphors on which treatment has been based, in favour of alternative perspectives that resonate more clearly with the lived experience of those for whom it has failed. We invite the consideration of alternative metaphors, which can disrupt the notion of heroic patients (and therapists), mediate against acts of self-silencing and sensitising us to more radical acts of listening...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881105/open-trusting-relationships-underpin-safety-in-rural-maternity-a-hermeneutic-phenomenology-study
#4
Susan Crowther, Elizabeth Smythe
BACKGROUND: There are interwoven personal, professional and organisational relationships to be navigated in maternity in all regions. In rural regions relationships are integral to safe maternity care. Yet there is a paucity of research on how relationships influence safety and nurture satisfying experiences for rural maternity care providers and mothers and families in these regions. This paper draws attention to how these relationships matter. METHODS: This research is informed by hermeneutic phenomenology drawing on Heidegger and Gadamer...
November 24, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846406/encourages-and-guides-or-diagnoses-and-monitors-woman-centred-ness-in-the-discourse-of-professional-midwifery-bodies
#5
M P O'Malley-Keighran, G Lohan
OBJECTIVE: the purpose of this study was to conduct a preliminary exploration of the language used by midwifery professional bodies to define the scope of practice of midwives in relation to woman-centred care. DESIGN: this is a qualitative study in which Critical Discourse Analysis and Transitivity Analysis from the Systemic Functional Linguistics tradition were used. Data were sampled from nine international midwifery professional bodies. FINDINGS: three general types of definitions of scope of practice were identified; a formal type which focused on midwifery practice in which the midwife and woman were largely absent as agents, a second, less formal type which focused on the midwife as agent, from which the woman was largely absent as an active participant and one exception to the pattern which featured the woman as agent...
October 28, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834602/from-boundaries-to-boundary-work-middle-managers-creating-inter-organizational-change
#6
Lieke Oldenhof, Annemiek Stoopendaal, Kim Putters
Purpose In healthcare, organizational boundaries are often viewed as barriers to change. The purpose of this paper is to show how middle managers create inter-organizational change by doing boundary work: the dual act of redrawing boundaries and coordinating work in new ways. Design/methodology/approach Theoretically, the paper draws on the concept of boundary work from Science and Technology Studies. Empirically, the paper is based on an ethnographic investigation of middle managers that participate in a Dutch reform program across health, social care, and housing...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818413/project-echo-brings-innovation-to-community-health-worker-training-and-support
#7
Andrea Zurawski, Miriam Komaromy, Venice Ceballos, Christie McAuley, Sanjeev Arora
ECHO is a movement to build capacity to provide best practice care for rural and underserved people all over the world. Community health workers are an integral part of this movement. Using videoconferencing technology to augment in-person training, ECHO creates a community of practice for case-based learning and ongoing support.
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813688/the-health-professions-education-pathway-preparing-students-residents-and-fellows-to-become-future-educators
#8
H Carrie Chen, Maria A Wamsley, Amin Azzam, Katherine Julian, David M Irby, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PROBLEM: Training the next generation of health professionals requires leaders, innovators, and scholars in education. Although many medical schools and residencies offer education electives or tracks focused on developing teaching skills, these programs often omit educational innovation, scholarship, and leadership and are narrowly targeted to one level of learner. INTERVENTION: The University of California San Francisco created the Health Professions Education Pathway for medical students, residents, and fellows as well as learners from other health professional schools...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769640/can-a-web-based-community-of-practice-be-established-and-operated-to-lead-falls-prevention-activity-in-residential-care
#9
Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Caroline Bulsara, Debbie Nobre, Anne-Marie Hill
The aims of this study were to evaluate establishing and operating a web-based community of practice (CoP) to lead falls prevention in a residential aged care (RAC) setting. A mixed methods evaluation was conducted in two phases using a survey and transcripts from interactive electronic sources. Nurses and allied health staff (n = 20) with an interest in falls prevention representing 13 sites of an RAC organization participated. In Phase 1, the CoP was developed, and the establishment of its structure and composition was evaluated using determinants of success reported in the literature...
October 18, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760676/building-research-and-evaluation-capacity-in-population-health-the-nsw-health-approach
#10
Barry Edwards, Beth Stickney, Andrew Milat, Danielle Campbell, Sarah Thackway
Issue addressed: An organisational culture that values and uses research and evaluation (R&E) evidence to inform policy and practice is fundamental to improving health outcomes. The 2016 NSW Government Program Evaluation Guidelines recommend investment in training and development to improve evaluation capacity. The purpose of this paper is to outline the approaches taken by the NSW Ministry of Health to develop R&E capacity and assess these against existing models of practice.Method: The Ministry of Health's Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence (CEE) takes an evidence-based approach to building R&E capacity in population health...
October 19, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756057/flexible-learning-evaluation-of-an-international-distance-education-programme-designed-to-build-the-learning-and-teaching-capacity-of-nurse-academics-in-a-developing-country
#11
Peter A Lewis, Naomi F Tutticci, Clint Douglas, Genevieve Gray, Yvonne Osborne, Katie Evans, Catherine M Nielson
The professional development of nurse academics has been high on the agenda in many of the Asia-Pacific's developing countries including Vietnam. In collaboration with the Vietnamese Nurses Association, an Australian university designed and delivered a distance learning programme (DLP). The DLP sought to build academic capacity with a specific focus on the skills required to develop, implement and deliver a new national nursing curriculum. This paper will describe the design and delivery of the DLP as well as report on programme evaluation survey findings...
November 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734014/toward-standardizing-a-lexicon-of-infectious-disease-modeling-terms
#12
Rachael Milwid, Andreea Steriu, Julien Arino, Jane Heffernan, Ayaz Hyder, Dena Schanzer, Emma Gardner, Margaret Haworth-Brockman, Harpa Isfeld-Kiely, Joanne M Langley, Seyed M Moghadas
Disease modeling is increasingly being used to evaluate the effect of health intervention strategies, particularly for infectious diseases. However, the utility and application of such models are hampered by the inconsistent use of infectious disease modeling terms between and within disciplines. We sought to standardize the lexicon of infectious disease modeling terms and develop a glossary of terms commonly used in describing models' assumptions, parameters, variables, and outcomes. We combined a comprehensive literature review of relevant terms with an online forum discussion in a virtual community of practice, mod4PH (Modeling for Public Health)...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731864/a-virtual-community-of-practice-for-general-practice-training-a-preimplementation-survey
#13
Stephen Barnett, Sandra C Jones, Sue Bennett, Don Iverson, Laura Robinson
BACKGROUND: Professional isolation is an important factor in low rural health workforce retention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insights to inform the development of an implementation plan for a virtual community of practice (VCoP) for general practice (GP) training in regional Australia. The study also aimed to assess the applicability of the findings of an existing framework in developing this plan. This included ascertaining the main drivers of usage, or usefulness, of the VCoP for users and establishing the different priorities between user groups...
August 18, 2016: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712619/organizing-graduate-medical-education-programs-into-communities-of-practice
#14
Robert G Bing-You, Kalli Varaklis
BACKGROUND: A new organizational model of educational administrative support was instituted in the Department of Medical Education (DME) to better meet increasing national accreditation demands. Residency and fellowship programs were organized into four 'Communities of Practice' (CoOPs) based on discipline similarity, number of learners, and geographic location. Program coordinator reporting lines were shifted from individual departments to a centralized reporting structure within the DME...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704565/communities-of-practice-a-means-to-support-occupational-therapists-continuing-professional-development-a-literature-review
#15
Margot Barry, Wietske Kuijer-Siebelink, Loek Nieuwenhuis, Nynke Scherpbier-de Haan
BACKGROUND: This literature review investigates what research reports about the contribution that communities of practice (CoPs) can make in the continuing professional development (CPD) of qualified occupational therapists. METHODS: Academic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE and ERIC) were searched and articles were included based on pre-determined criteria. Five articles were included in the review. RESULTS: The CoPs in the reviewed articles provided opportunities for knowledge sharing, knowledge translation, reflection on action and learning through boundary crossing...
October 5, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703991/impact-of-a-telehealth-program-that-delivers-remote-consultation-and-longitudinal-mentorship-to-community-hiv-providers
#16
Brian R Wood, Kenton T Unruh, Natalia Martinez-Paz, Mary Annese, Christian B Ramers, Robert D Harrington, Shireesha Dhanireddy, Lisa Kimmerly, John D Scott, David H Spach
Background.  To increase human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care capacity in our region, we designed a distance mentorship and consultation program based on the Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) model, which uses real-time interactive video to regularly connect community providers with a multidisciplinary team of academic specialists. This analysis will (1) describe key components of our program, (2) report types of clinical problems for which providers requested remote consultation over the first 3...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618465/collaborative-learning-a-next-step-in-the-training-of-peer-support-providers
#17
Rita Cronise
BACKGROUND: This column explores how peer support provider training is enhanced through collaborative learning. PURPOSE: Collaborative learning is an approach that draws upon the "real life" experiences of individual learners and encompasses opportunities to explore varying perspectives and collectively construct solutions that enrich the practice of all participants. SOURCES USED: This description draws upon published articles and examples of collaborative learning in training and communities of practice of peer support providers...
September 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590455/contextualizing-learning-to-improve-care-using-collaborative-communities-of-practices
#18
Lianne Jeffs, Julie McShane, Virginia Flintoft, Peggy White, Alyssa Indar, Maria Maione, A J Lopez, Sue Bookey-Bassett, Lauren Scavuzzo
BACKGROUND: The use of interorganizational, collaborative approaches to build capacity in quality improvement (QI) in health care is showing promise as a useful model for scaling up and accelerating the implementation of interventions that bridge the "know-do" gap to improve clinical care and provider outcomes. Fundamental to a collaborative approach is interorganizational learning whereby organizations acquire, share, and combine knowledge with other organizations and have the opportunity to learn from their respective successes and challenges in improvement areas...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583995/virtual-knowledge-brokering-describing-the-roles-and-strategies-used-by-knowledge-brokers-in-a-pediatric-physiotherapy-virtual-community-of-practice
#19
Karen Hurtubise, Lisa Rivard, Léa Héguy, Jade Berbari, Chantal Camden
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge transfer in pediatric rehabilitation is challenging and requires active, multifaceted strategies. The use of knowledge brokers (KBs) is one such strategy noted to promote clinician behavior change. The success of using KBs to transfer knowledge relies on their ability to adapt to ever-changing clinical contexts. In addition, with the rapid growth of online platforms as knowledge transfer forums, KBs must become effective in virtual environments. Although the role of KBs has been studied in various clinical contexts, their emerging role in specific online environments designed to support evidence-based behavior change has not yet been described...
2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552270/safety-and-health-support-for-home-care-workers-the-compass-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Ryan Olson, Sharon V Thompson, Diane L Elliot, Jennifer A Hess, Kristy Luther Rhoten, Kelsey N Parker, Robert R Wright, Brad Wipfli, Katrina M Bettencourt, Annie Buckmaster, Miguel Marino
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of the COMmunity of Practice And Safety Support (COMPASS) Total Worker Health intervention for home care workers. METHODS: We randomized 16 clusters of workers (n = 149) to intervention or usual-practice control conditions. The 12-month intervention was scripted and peer-led, and involved education on safety, health, and well-being; goal setting and self-monitoring; and structured social support. We collected measures at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months, which included workers' experienced community of practice (i...
October 2016: American Journal of Public Health
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