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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640036/a-constructive-reframing-of-student-roles-and-systems-learning-in-medical-education-using-a-communities-of-practice-lens
#1
Jed D Gonzalo, Britta M Thompson, Paul Haidet, Karen Mann, Daniel R Wolpaw
Health systems are in the midst of a transformation that is being driven by a variety of forces. This has important implications for medical educators because clinical practice environments play a key role in learning and professional development, and evolving health systems are beginning to demand that providers have "systems-ready" knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Such implications provide a clear mandate for medical schools to modify their goals and prepare physicians to practice flexibly within teams and effectively contribute to the improvement of health care delivery...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605065/injuries-in-youth-track-and-field-are-perceived-to-have-multiple-level-causes-that-call-for-ecological-holistic-developmental-interventions-a-national-sporting-community-perceptions-and-experiences
#2
Jenny Jacobsson, Daniel Bergin, Toomas Timpka, James M Nyce, Örjan Dahlström
Engaging in competitive sports as a youth can have many health benefits, but recent studies also report a high risk for injury. The long-term purpose of this Swedish research program is to develop a framework for safe track and field training for young athletes (aged 12-15 years). The aim of this study was to establish what is perceived to contribute and cause injuries in youth track and field by compiling the best available experiential knowledge about the underlying factors and use this knowledge to identify appropriate areas to handle these in practical ways...
June 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600711/what-s-in-a-name-tensions-between-formal-and-informal-communities-of-practice-among-regional-subspecialty-cancer-surgeons
#3
Simon C Kitto, Rachel E Grant, Jennifer Peller, Carol-Anne Moulton, Steven Gallinger
In 2007 the Cancer Care Ontario Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic (HPB) Community of Practice was formed during the wake of provincial regionalization of HPB services in Ontario, Canada. Despite being conceptualized within the literature as an educational intervention, communities of practice (CoP) are increasingly being adopted in healthcare as quality improvement initiatives. A qualitative case study approach using in-depth interviews and document analysis was employed to gain insight into the perceptions and attitudes of the HPB surgeons in the CoP...
June 9, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599218/adaptation-to-climate-change-in-agriculture-in-bangladesh-the-role-of-formal-institutions
#4
Md Torikul Islam, Melissa Nursey-Bray
Bangladesh is very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, and adaptation is emerging as a key policy response. Place based programs that build adaptive capacity are needed. This paper explores the effectiveness of formal institutions in climate change adaptation for agriculture from the perspectives of farmers and institutional communities of practice within two drought-prone areas in Bangladesh. Our findings show that formal institutions via their communities of practice play an important role in building place based capacity for mitigation and adaptation strategies in agriculture...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562494/factors-affecting-the-development-and-sustainability-of-communities-of-practice-among-primary-care-physicians-in-hong-kong
#5
Man Kay Poon, Tai Pong Lam
INTRODUCTION: Primary care physicians (PCPs) maintain high standards of medical care by partaking in continuous learning. The learning model of communities of practice (COPs) is increasingly being used in the field of health care. This study explores the establishment and maintenance of COPs among PCPs in Hong Kong. METHODS: Sequential, semi-structured individual interview and focus group interview were conducted to explore the purposes for partaking in continuous learning, as well as barriers and facilitators for attendance among private nonspecialist PCPs in Hong Kong...
April 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557935/constructing-a-shared-mental-model-for-faculty-development-for-the-core-entrustable-professional-activities-for-entering-residency
#6
Michele A Favreau, Linda Tewksbury, Carla Lupi, William B Cutrer, Janet A Jokela, Lalena M Yarris
In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges identified 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (Core EPAs), which are activities that entering residents might be expected to perform without direct supervision. This work included the creation of an interinstitutional concept group focused on faculty development efforts, as the processes and tools for teaching and assessing entrustability in undergraduate medical education (UME) are still evolving. In this article, the authors describe a conceptual framework for entrustment that they developed to better prepare all educators involved in entrustment decision making in UME...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535978/communicative-access-measures-for-stroke-development-and-evaluation-of-a-quality-improvement-tool
#7
Aura Kagan, Nina Simmons-Mackie, J Charles Victor, Melodie T Y Chan
OBJECTIVE: 1) To develop a systems level quality improvement tool targeting communicative access to information and decision-making for stroke patients with language disorders and 2) to evaluate the resulting tool - Communicative Access Measures for Stroke (CAMS). DESIGN: Survey development and evaluation was in line with accepted guidelines, and included item generation and reduction, survey formatting and composition, pre-testing, pilot-testing, and reliability assessment...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508742/caep-2016-academic-symposium-how-to-have-an-impact-as-an-emergency-medicine-educator-and-scholar
#8
Jason R Frank, Warren J Cheung, Jonathan Sherbino, Robert Primavesi, Robert A Woods, Glen Bandiera, Constance LeBlanc
BACKGROUND: In a time of major medical education transformation, emergency medicine (EM) needs to nurture education scholars who will influence EM education practice. However, the essential ingredients to ensure a career with impact in EM education are not clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe how to prepare EM educators for a high-impact career. METHODS: The Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians (CAEP) Academic Section commissioned an "Education Impact" working group (IWG) to guide the creation of consensus recommendations from the EM community...
May 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485074/integrated-and-implicit-how-residents-learn-canmeds-roles-by-participating-in-practice
#9
Nienke Renting, A N Janet Raat, Tim Dornan, Etienne Wenger-Trayner, Martha A van der Wal, Jan C C Borleffs, Rijk O B Gans, A Debbie C Jaarsma
CONTEXT: Learning outcomes for residency training are defined in competency frameworks such as the CanMEDS framework, which ultimately aim to better prepare residents for their future tasks. Although residents' training relies heavily on learning through participation in the workplace under the supervision of a specialist, it remains unclear how the CanMEDS framework informs practice-based learning and daily interactions between residents and supervisors. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore how the CanMEDS framework informs residents' practice-based training and interactions with supervisors...
May 9, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482769/men-s-health-and-communities-of-practice-in-australia
#10
Maree Henwood, Amie Shaw, Jillian Cavanagh, Timothy Bartram, Timothy Marjoribanks, Madeleine Kendrick
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the social opportunities for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men created through Men's Groups/Sheds across urban, regional and remote areas of Australia. Men's Sheds are a safe space, resembling a work-shop setting or backyard shed, where men are encouraged to socialise and participate in health promotion, informal learning and engage in meaningful tasks both individually and at the community level. Design/methodology/approach Explore five case study sites through Wenger's (1998) active communities of practice (CoP)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482678/partnerships-for-active-children-in-elementary-schools-outcomes-of-a-2-year-pilot-study-to-increase-physical-activity-during-the-school-day
#11
R Glenn Weaver, Collin A Webster, Cate Egan, Carolina M C Campos, Robert D Michael, Spyridoula Vazou
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of the pilot study Partnerships for Active Children in Elementary Schools on the percentage of children achieving the Institute of Medicine guideline of 30 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during the school day. DESIGN: Pre/multiple post-quasi-experimental. SETTING: Four elementary schools. PARTICIPANTS: Physical education (n = 3) and classroom teachers (n = 12) and students (n = 229)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444245/can-a-community-of-practice-improve-physical-therapists-self-perceived-practice-in-developmental-coordination-disorder
#12
Chantal Camden, Lisa M Rivard, Karen Hurtubise, Léa Héguy, Jade Berbari
Background: Communities of practice (CoP ) are useful knowledge translation (KT) strategies but little is known about their impact on physical therapists' (PTs) self-perceived practice. Purpose: We evaluated the impact of a CoP on PTs' self-perceived practice, and explored factors influencing changes in self-perceived knowledge, skills, and practice related to developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Design: We used an explanatory sequential mixed-methods design, guided by The Theory of Reasoned Action and Theory of Planned Behavior...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441677/building-a-global-online-community-of-practice-the-openpediatrics-world-shared-practices-video-series
#13
Traci A Wolbrink, Niranjan Kissoon, Nabila Mirza, Jeffrey P Burns
PROBLEM: Health care professionals are familiar with engaging in local communities of practice (CoPs) within their hospital, region, and/or country, but despite the availability of online technologies that facilitate online global collaboration, the health care sector has yet to fully embrace these tools. APPROACH: In 2013, OPENPediatrics (an online social learning platform) launched the World Shared Practices video (WSP) series to engage and coalesce the global community of critical care clinicians...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402028/ten-guiding-principles-for-youth-mental-health-services
#14
Frank Hughes, Lisa Hebel, Paul Badcock, Alexandra G Parker
AIMS: Guiding principles are arguably central to the development of any health service. The aim of this article is to report on the outcomes of a youth mental health (YMH) community of practice (CoP), which identified a range of guiding principles that provide a clear point of comparison for the only other set of principles for YMH service delivery proposed to date. METHODS: A YMH CoP was established in 2010 as part of the Victorian State Government approach to improving YMH care...
April 12, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391809/leveraging-medical-taxonomies-to-improve-knowledge-management-within-online-communities-of-practice-the-knowledge-maps-system
#15
Samuel Alan Stewart, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Online communities of practice contain a wealth of information, stored in the free text of shared communications between community members. The Knowledge Maps (KMaps) system is designed to facilitate Knowledge Translation in online communities through multi-level analyses of the shared messages of these communications. METHODS: Using state-of-the-art semantic mapping technologies (Metamap) the contents of the messages shared within an online community are mapped to terms from the MeSH medical lexicon, providing a multi-level topic-specific summary of the knowledge being shared within the community...
May 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382745/a-qualitative-metasynthesis-exploring-the-impact-of-prostate-cancer-and-its-management-on-younger-unpartnered-and-gay-men
#16
REVIEW
L Matheson, E K Watson, J Nayoan, R Wagland, A Glaser, A Gavin, P Wright, C Rivas
Prostate cancer (PCa) can negatively impact on men's sexual, urinary and emotional functioning, affecting quality of life. Most men with PCa are older (≥65 years), married and heterosexual and little is known about the impact on men who are younger, unpartnered or gay. We aimed to synthesise existing qualitative research on these three groups of men. A systematic metasynthesis was undertaken that included data on the unique impacts of PCa on younger (<65 years) (n = 7 papers), unpartnered (n = 17 papers) or gay or bisexual men (n = 11 papers) using a modified meta-ethnographic approach...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342441/building-a-community-of-practice-in-rural-medical-education-growing-our-own-together
#17
Randall L Longenecker, David Schmitz
CONTEXT: This article chronicles the rise, decline, and recent resurgence of rural training track residency programs (RTTs) in the USA over the past 30 years and the emergence of a healthy community of practice in rural medical education. This has occurred during a time in the USA when federal and state funding of graduate medical education has been relatively stagnant and the rules around finance and accreditation of rural programs have been challenging. ISSUE: Many of the early family residency programs developed in the 1970s included a curricular focus on rural practice...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335820/exploring-the-tensions-of-being-and-becoming-a-medical-educator
#18
Ahsan Sethi, Rola Ajjawi, Sean McAleer, Susie Schofield
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified tensions medical faculty encounter in their roles but not specifically those with a qualification in medical education. It is likely that those with postgraduate qualifications may face additional tensions (i.e., internal or external conflicts or concerns) from differentiation by others, greater responsibilities and translational work against the status quo. This study explores the complex and multi-faceted tensions of educators with qualifications in medical education at various stages in their career...
March 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325084/application-of-a-contextual-instructional-framework-in-a-continuing-professional-development-training-program-for-physiotherapists-in-rwanda
#19
Kim Dunleavy, Julia Chevan, Antoinette P Sander, Jean Damascene Gasherebuka, Monika Mann
BACKGROUND: Continuing professional development is an important component of capacity building in low resource countries. The purpose of this case study is to describe the use of a contextual instructional framework to guide the processes and instructional design choices for a series of continuing professional development courses for physiotherapists in Rwanda. METHODS: Four phases of the project are described: (1) program proposal, needs assessment and planning, (2) organization of the program and instructional design, (3) instructional delivery and (4) evaluation...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320374/using-a-multimethod-approach-to-develop-implementation-strategies-for-a-cervical-self-sampling-program-in-kenya
#20
Irene Podolak, Caroline Kisia, Gloria Omosa-Manyonyi, Jarold Cosby
BACKGROUND: Numerous health policy makers/researchers are concerned about the limitations of research being applied to support informed decision/policy making and the implementation of practical solutions. The aim of the Chaguo Letu project (which means our choice in Swahili) was to determine how local decision makers could apply a multimethod approach to make strategic decisions to effectively implement a Cervical Self-Sampling Program in Kenya. METHODS: A multimethod approach, involving participatory action research, scenario based planning, and phenomenology, was applied in conjunction with two tools to identify relevant factors (negative or positive) that could impact Cervical Self-Sampling Program implementation...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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