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Phage Cocktail

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099783/metagenomic-analysis-of-therapeutic-pyo-phage-cocktails-from-1997-to-2014
#1
Julia Villarroel, Mette Voldby Larsen, Mogens Kilstrup, Morten Nielsen
Phage therapy has regained interest in recent years due to the alarming spread of antibiotic resistance. Whilst phage cocktails are commonly sold in pharmacies in countries such as Georgia and Russia, this is not the case in western countries due to western regulatory agencies requiring a thorough characterization of the drug. Here, DNA sequencing of constituent biological entities constitutes a first step. The pyophage (PYO) cocktail is one of the main commercial products of the Georgian Eliava Institute of Bacteriophage, Microbiology and Virology and is used to cure skin infections...
November 3, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077053/differential-effect-of-newly-isolated-phages-belonging-to-pb1-like-phikz-like-and-luz24-like-viruses-against-multi-drug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-under-varying-growth-conditions
#2
Simone Latz, Alex Krüttgen, Helga Häfner, Eva Miriam Buhl, Klaus Ritter, Hans-Peter Horz
In this study, we characterize three phages (SL1 SL2, and SL4), isolated from hospital sewage with lytic activity against clinical isolates of multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDR-PA). The host spectrum ranged from 41% to 54%, with all three phages together covering 79% of all tested clinical isolates. Genome analysis revealed that SL1 (65,849 bp, 91 open reading frames ORFs) belongs to PB1-like viruses, SL2 (279,696 bp, 354 ORFs) to phiKZ-like viruses and SL4 (44,194 bp, 65 ORFs) to LUZ24-like viruses...
October 27, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018773/activity-of-bacteriophages-in-removing-biofilms-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-from-chronic-rhinosinusitis-patients
#3
Stephanie A Fong, Amanda Drilling, Sandra Morales, Marjolein E Cornet, Bradford A Woodworth, Wytske J Fokkens, Alkis J Psaltis, Sarah Vreugde, Peter-John Wormald
Introduction:Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections are prevalent amongst chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) sufferers. Many P. aeruginosa strains form biofilms, leading to treatment failure. Lytic bacteriophages (phages) are viruses that infect, replicate within, and lyse bacteria, causing bacterial death. Aim: To assess the activity of a phage cocktail in eradicating biofilms of ex vivo P.aeruginosa isolates from CRS patients. Methods: P. aeruginosa isolates from CRS patients with and without cystic fibrosis (CF) across three continents were multi-locus sequence typed and tested for antibiotic resistance...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974033/the-european-antibotabe-framework-program-and-its-update-development-of-innovative-botulinum-antibodies
#4
REVIEW
Christine Rasetti-Escargueil, Arnaud Avril, Sebastian Miethe, Christelle Mazuet, Yagmur Derman, Katja Selby, Philippe Thullier, Thibaut Pelat, Remi Urbain, Alexandre Fontayne, Hannu Korkeala, Dorothea Sesardic, Michael Hust, Michel R Popoff
The goal of the AntiBotABE Program was the development of recombinant antibodies that neutralize botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) A, B and E. These serotypes are lethal and responsible for most human botulinum cases. To improve therapeutic efficacy, the heavy and light chains (HC and LC) of the three BoNT serotypes were targeted to achieve a synergistic effect (oligoclonal antibodies). For antibody isolation, macaques were immunized with the recombinant and non-toxic BoNT/A, B or E, HC or LC, followed by the generation of immune phage-display libraries...
October 2, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970228/expression-of-a-peptidoglycan-hydrolase-from-lytic-bacteriophages-atu_ph02-and-atu_ph03-triggers-lysis-of-agrobacterium-tumefaciens
#5
Hedieh Attai, Jeanette Rimbey, George P Smith, Pamela J B Brown
In order to provide food security, innovative approaches to preventing plant disease are currently being explored. Here, we demonstrate that lytic bacteriophages and phage lysis proteins are effective at triggering lysis of the phytopathogen Agrobacterium tumefaciens Phages Atu_ph02 and Atu_ph03 were isolated from wastewater and induce lysis of C58-derived strains of A. tumefaciens Co-inoculation of A. tumefaciens with phage onto potato discs limits tumor formation. The genomes of Atu_ph02 and Atu_ph03 are nearly identical and ∼42% identical to T7 supercluster phages...
September 29, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964986/phage-therapy-as-an-alternative-or-complementary-strategy-to-prevent-and-control-biofilm-related-infections
#6
REVIEW
D P Pires, Ldr Melo, D Vilas Boas, S Sillankorva, J Azeredo
The complex heterogeneous structure of biofilms confers to bacteria an important survival strategy. Biofilms are frequently involved in many chronic infections in consequence of their low susceptibility to antibiotics as well as resistance to host defences. The increasing need of novel and effective treatments to target these complex structures has led to a growing interest on bacteriophages (phages) as a strategy for biofilm control and prevention. Phages can be used alone, as a cocktail to broaden the spectra of activity, or in combination with other antimicrobials to improve their efficacy...
September 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917651/bacteriophages-as-an-alternative-to-conventional-antibiotic-use-for-the-prevention-or-treatment-of-paenibacillus-larvae-in-honeybee-hives
#7
T Scott Brady, Bryan D Merrill, Jared A Hilton, Ashley M Payne, Michael B Stephenson, Sandra Hope
American Foulbrood (AFB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria, Paenibacillus larvae. P. larvae phages were isolated and tested to determine each phages' host range amongst 59 field isolate strains of P. larvae. Three phages were selected to create a phage cocktail for the treatment of AFB infections according to the combined phages' ability to lyse all tested strains of bacteria. Studies were performed to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of the phage cocktail treatment as a replacement for traditional antibiotics for the prevention of AFB and the treatment of active infections...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914348/immunogenicity-and-antimicrobial-effectiveness-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-specific-bacteriophage-in-a-human-lung-in-vitro-model
#8
Joseph R Shiley, Kristen K Comfort, Jayne B Robinson
The rise of antibiotic resistant bacteria is posing a serious threat to human health. For example, resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa have resulted in untreatable and potentially lethal infections in both cystic fibrosis and immunocompromised patients. Due to the growing need for alternative treatment options, bacteriophage, or phage, therapy is gaining considerable attention. While previous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of phage in combating persistent bacterial infections, there is currently a lack of knowledge regarding the host immunological response following phage exposure...
November 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906479/characterization-of-vb_saum-frusau02-a-twort-like-bacteriophage-isolated-from-a-therapeutic-phage-cocktail
#9
Katarzyna Leskinen, Henni Tuomala, Anu Wicklund, Jenni Horsma-Heikkinen, Pentti Kuusela, Mikael Skurnik, Saija Kiljunen
Staphylococcus aureus is a commensal and pathogenic bacterium that causes infections in humans and animals. It is a major cause of nosocomial infections worldwide. Due to increasing prevalence of multidrug resistance, alternative methods to eradicate the pathogen are necessary. In this respect, polyvalent staphylococcal myoviruses have been demonstrated to be excellent candidates for phage therapy. Here we present the characterization of the bacteriophage vB_SauM-fRuSau02 (fRuSau02) that was isolated from a commercial Staphylococcus bacteriophage cocktail produced by Microgen (Moscow, Russia)...
September 14, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757045/efficacy-of-potential-phage-cocktails-against-vibrio-harveyi-and-closely-related-vibrio-species-isolated-from-shrimp-aquaculture-environment-in-the-south-east-coast-of-india
#10
Nattan Stalin, Pappu Srinivasan
A diverse set of novel phages infecting the marine pathogenic Vibrio harveyi was isolated from shrimp aquaculture environments in the south east coast of India. Based on initial screening, three phages with a broad host range revealed that the growth inhibition of phage is relatively specific to V. harveyi. They were also able to infect V. alginolyticus and V. parahemolyticus that belonged to the Harveyi clade species from shrimp pond and sea coast environment samples. However, the impact of these phages on their host bacterium are well understood; a one-step growth curve experiment and transmission electron microscope (TEM) revealed three phages grouped under the Myoviridae (VHM1 and VHM2); Siphoviridae (VHS1) family...
August 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742812/broad-range-lytic-bacteriophages-that-kill-staphylococcus-aureus-local-field-strains
#11
Virginia Abatángelo, Natalia Peressutti Bacci, Carina A Boncompain, Ariel F Amadio, Soledad Carrasco, Cristian A Suárez, Héctor R Morbidoni
Staphylococcus aureus is a very successful opportunistic pathogen capable of causing a variety of diseases ranging from mild skin infections to life-threatening sepsis, meningitis and pneumonia. Its ability to display numerous virulence mechanisms matches its skill to display resistance to several antibiotics, including β-lactams, underscoring the fact that new anti-S. aureus drugs are urgently required. In this scenario, the utilization of lytic bacteriophages that kill bacteria in a genus -or even species- specific way, has become an attractive field of study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739792/transfersomal-phage-cocktail-is-an-effective-treatment-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mediated-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#12
Sanjay Chhibber, Ashu Shukla, Sandeep Kaur
The emergence of drug resistance has rekindled interest in phage therapy as an alternative treatment option; its potency, safety, and proven efficacy are worth noting. However, phage therapy still suffers from issues of poor stability, narrow spectra, and poor pharmacokinetic profiles. Therefore, it is essential to look into the use of drug delivery systems for efficient delivery of lytic phages in vivo The present study evaluated the use of nanostructured lipid-based carriers, i.e., transfersomes, as transdermal delivery systems for encapsulating a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) phage cocktail...
October 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719657/isolation-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-bacteriophages-against-mdr-bacterial-isolates-from-septic-wound-infections
#13
Roja Rani Pallavali, Vijaya Lakshmi Degati, Dakshayani Lomada, Madhava C Reddy, Vijaya Raghava Prasad Durbaka
Multi-drug resistance has become a major problem for the treatment of pathogenic bacterial infections. The use of bacteriophages is an attractive approach to overcome the problem of drug resistance in several pathogens that cause fatal diseases. Our study aimed to isolate multi drug resistant bacteria from patients with septic wounds and then isolate and apply bacteriophages in vitro as alternative therapeutic agents. Pus samples were aseptically collected from Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Science (RIMS), Kadapa, A...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700707/environmental-bacteriophages-active-on-biofilms-and-planktonic-forms-of-toxigenic-vibrio-cholerae-potential-relevance-in-cholera-epidemiology
#14
Iftekhar Bin Naser, M Mozammel Hoque, Ahmed Abdullah, S M Nayeemul Bari, Amar N Ghosh, Shah M Faruque
METHODS: Phages isolated from environmental waters in Bangladesh were tested for their host specificity towards V. cholerae O1 and O139, and the ability to disperse V. cholerae biofilms formed in the laboratory. Representative phages were further characterized by electron microscopy and whole genome sequencing. Selected phages were then introduced in various combinations to biofilms of toxigenic V. cholerae added to samples of river water, and the dispersion of biofilms as well as the growth kinetics of V...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688779/formulation-stabilisation-and-encapsulation-of-bacteriophage-for-phage-therapy
#15
REVIEW
Danish J Malik, Ilya J Sokolov, Gurinder K Vinner, Francesco Mancuso, Salvatore Cinquerrui, Goran T Vladisavljevic, Martha R J Clokie, Natalie J Garton, Andrew G F Stapley, Anna Kirpichnikova
Against a backdrop of global antibiotic resistance and increasing awareness of the importance of the human microbiota, there has been resurgent interest in the potential use of bacteriophages for therapeutic purposes, known as phage therapy. A number of phage therapy phase I and II clinical trials have concluded, and shown phages don't present significant adverse safety concerns. These clinical trials used simple phage suspensions without any formulation and phage stability was of secondary concern. Phages have a limited stability in solution, and undergo a significant drop in phage titre during processing and storage which is unacceptable if phages are to become regulated pharmaceuticals, where stable dosage and well defined pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics are de rigueur...
May 14, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664828/phage-therapy-approaches-to-reducing-pathogen-persistence-and-transmission-in-animal-production-environments-opportunities-and-challenges
#16
Anna Colavecchio, Lawrence D Goodridge
The era of genomics has allowed for characterization of phages for use as antimicrobials to treat animal infections with a level of precision never before realized. As more research in phage therapy has been conducted, several advantages of phage therapy have been realized, including the ubiquitous nature, specificity, prevalence in the biosphere, and low inherent toxicity of phages, which makes them a safe and sustainable technology for control of animal diseases. These unique qualities of phages have led to several opportunities with respect to emerging trends in infectious disease treatment...
June 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576360/characterization-of-antimicrobial-properties-of-salmonella-phage-felix-o1-and-listeria-phage-a511-embedded-in-xanthan-coatings-on-poly-lactic-acid-films
#17
Devon Radford, Brandon Guild, Philip Strange, Rafath Ahmed, Loong-Tak Lim, S Balamurugan
Beyond simply providing a barrier between food and external contaminants, active packaging technologies aim to inhibit pathogen survival and growth within the packaged environment. Bacteriophages have a proven track record as targeted antimicrobials but have yet to be successfully integrated in active packaging without serious loss of activity. We have developed two bacteriophage based xanthan coatings on poly(lactic acid) (PLA) film which significantly inhibits Salmonella Typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes growth in culture (P < 0...
September 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515656/isolation-and-characterization-of-listeria-phages-for-control-of-growth-of-listeria-monocytogenes-in-milk
#18
Sunhee Lee, Min Gon Kim, Hee Soo Lee, Sunhak Heo, Mirae Kwon, GeunBae Kim
In this study, two Listeria bacteriophages, LMP1 and LMP7, were isolated from chicken feces as a means of biocontrol of L. monocytogenes. Both bacteriophages had a lytic effect on L. monocytogenes ATCC 7644, 15313, 19114, and 19115. Phages LMP1 and LMP7 were able to inhibit the growth of L. monocytogenes ATCC 7644 and 19114 in tryptic soy broth at 10°C and 30°C. Nevertheless, LMP1 was more effective than LMP7 at inhibiting L. monocytogenes ATCC 19114. On the contrary, LMP7 was more effective than LMP1 at inhibiting L...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502784/liposome-loaded-phage-cocktail-enhanced-therapeutic-potential-in-resolving-klebsiella-pneumoniae-mediated-burn-wound-infections
#19
Parul Chadha, Om Prakash Katare, Sanjay Chhibber
BACKGROUND: Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the predominant pathogens in burn wound infections, and prevalence of multidrug resistant strains has further complicated the situation. An increased interest in phage therapy as a means of combating infection has been accruing in recent years. In order to overcome the drawbacks associated with phage therapy, the present study was conducted to evaluate the potential of liposomes as a delivery vehicle for phage in the treatment of burn wound infection...
November 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460269/investigating-the-biocontrol-and-anti-biofilm-potential-of-a-three-phage-cocktail-against-cronobacter-sakazakii-in-different-brands-of-infant-formula
#20
Lorraine Endersen, Colin Buttimer, Eoghan Nevin, Aidan Coffey, Horst Neve, Hugo Oliveira, Rob Lavigne, Jim O'Mahony
In recent years, the microbiological safety of powdered infant formula has gained increasing attention due to the identification of contaminating C. sakazakii and its epidemiological link with life-threatening neonatal infections. Current intervention strategies have fallen short of ensuring the production of infant formula that is free from C. sakazakii. In this study, we describe the isolation and characterisation of three bacteriophages (phages) and their application as a phage cocktail to inhibit the growth of C...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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