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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775918/determining-gender-by-taking-measurements-from-magnetic-resonance-images-of-the-patella
#1
Hacer Yasar Teke, Özge Ünlütürk, Elif Günaydin, Semra Duran, Sait Özsoy
BACKGROUND: A key step in making a positive identification in forensic medicine is the establishment of a biological profile, which involves determining factors such as gender, age, ancestry, and stature. The goal of this study was to determine if gender could be established by taking various measurements of the patella taken from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images and analyzing the variations by gender. METHODS: The sample group consisted of 220 patients (110 male and 110 female) whose patella were measured using MRI images of their left knee...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775030/-endoscopic-transnasal-approach-for-surgical-treatment-of-skull-base-clival-area-chordomas-report-of-2-cases
#2
J Ma, P Fang, D Wang, Y J Liu
The case 1 performanced submandibular trauma because of the faint Suddenly. There were no obvious abnormality in physical examination. CT result showed that the tumour located in the lower clivus, and the atlas was infringed. MRI imaging showed the tumour located in the both sides of the internal carotid artery, infringed clivus and atlas front, forwarded into the nasal cavity and oral cavity. The case 2 performanced the left nose stuffy and increased gradually, nasopharyngeal mirror showed the left nasal cavity filled with new life...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774195/development-of-delayed-acute-subdural-hematoma-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#3
Soon O Hong, Dong Soo Kang, Min Ho Kong, Se Youn Jang, Jung Hee Kim, Kwan Young Song
We report a case involving the development of a delayed acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) after trauma, with the absence of any abnormal radiological and clinical findings at initial examination. A 54-year-old male visited the emergency department after a minor trauma. The patient only complained of mild headache after head injury. He presented no abnormal findings on neurological examination, and brain computed tomography (CT) did not show any intracranial lesion or skull fractures. However, he developed seizure with disorientation eight hours after trauma, and ASDH with midline shift was found during a follow-up CT...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772982/randomized-pilot-study-to-compare-metal-needles-versus-plastic-cannulae-in-the-development-of-complications-in-hemodialysis-access
#4
Rosa M Marticorena, Niki Dacouris, Sandra M Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis requires needle insertions every treatment. Needle injury (mechanical or hemodynamic) may cause complications (aneurysms/stenosis) that compromise dialysis delivery requiring interventions. Metal needles have a sharp slanted "V"-shaped cutting tip; plastic cannulae have a dull round tip and four side holes. Preliminary observations demonstrated a difference in intradialytic blood flow images and mean Doppler velocities at cannulation sites between the two devices...
May 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770872/application-of-the-aast-egs-grade-for-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction-to-a-multi-national-patient-population
#5
Matthew C Hernandez, Arianna Birindelli, John L Bruce, Johannes J P Buitendag, Victory Y Kong, Mircea Beuran, Johnathon M Aho, Ionut Negoi, Damian L Clarke, Salomone Di Saverio, Martin D Zielinski
BACKGROUND: The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) anatomic severity grading system for adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) has demonstrated to be a valid tool in North American patient populations. Using a multi-national patient cohort, we retrospectively assessed the validity the AAST ASBO grading system and estimated disease severity in a global population in order to correlate with several key clinical outcomes. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective review during 2012-2016 from four centers, Minnesota USA, Bologna Italy, Pietermaritzburg South Africa, and Bucharest Romania, was performed...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770222/recurrent-vertebral-fractures-in-a-young-adult-a-closer-look-at-bone-health-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Eleanor P Thong, Sarah Catford, Julie Fletcher, Phillip Wong, Peter J Fuller, Helena Teede, Frances Milat
The association between type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and bone health has garnered interest over the years. Fracture risk is known to be increased in individuals with T1DM, although bone health assessment is not often performed in the clinical setting. We describe the case of a 21-year-old male with longstanding T1DM with multilevel vertebral fractures on imaging, after presenting with acute back pain without apparent trauma. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) revealed significantly reduced bone mineral density at the lumbar spine and femoral neck...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769030/in-silico-simulation-of-liver-crack-detection-using-ultrasonic-shear-wave-imaging
#7
Erwei Nie, Jiao Yu, Debaditya Dutta, Yanying Zhu
BACKGROUND: Liver trauma is an important source of morbidity and mortality worldwide. A timely detection and precise evaluation of traumatic liver injury and the bleeding site is necessary. There is a need to develop better imaging modalities of hepatic injuries to increase the sensitivity of ultrasonic imaging techniques for sites of hemorrhage caused by cracks. In this study, we conduct an in silico simulation of liver crack detection and delineation using an ultrasonic shear wave imaging (USWI) based method...
May 16, 2018: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768334/a-case-report-of-b-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-with-brain-metastases-clinical-and-pathological-significance-of-head-trauma-misdiagnosis
#8
Jian Shi, Jale Manzo, Yiwu Zhou, Peter Agovino, Song Wu
INTRODUCTION: B lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LBL) is a rare type of lymphoma that originates from precursor lymphocytes. B-BLB in adults with brain metastases is extremely rare as the disease mainly affects children and adults. Therefore, such a seldom-seen case can easily trigger a dispute regarding clinical diagnosis and treatment.This paper reports the case of a 22-year-old man hospitalized for a head injury that resulted from a physical altercation. Upon admission to the hospital, the patient was diagnosed with a diffuse axonal injury (DAI)...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766124/routine-repeat-head-ct-may-not-be-necessary-for-patients-with-mild-tbi
#9
Claire B Rosen, Diego D Luy, Molly R Deane, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
Background: Routine repeat cranial CT (RHCT) is standard of care for CT-verified traumatic brain injury (TBI). Despite mixed evidence, those with mild TBI are subject to radiation and expense from serial CT scans. Thus, we investigated the necessity and utility of RHCT for patients with mild TBI. We hypothesized that repeat head CT in these patients would not alter patient care or outcomes. Methods: We retrospectively studied patients suffering from mild TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score 13-15) and treated at the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center from November 2014 through January 2015...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765226/whole-body-computed-tomography-in-trauma-patients-optimization-of-the-patient-scanning-position-significantly-shortens-examination-time-while-maintaining-diagnostic-image-quality
#10
Tilman Hickethier, Kamal Mammadov, Bettina Baeßler, Thorsten Lichtenstein, Jochen Hinkelbein, Lucy Smith, Patrick Sven Plum, Seung-Hun Chon, David Maintz, De-Hua Chang
Background: The study was conducted to compare examination time and artifact vulnerability of whole-body computed tomographies (wbCTs) for trauma patients using conventional or optimized patient positioning. Patients and methods: Examination time was measured in 100 patients scanned with conventional protocol (Group A: arms positioned alongside the body for head and neck imaging and over the head for trunk imaging) and 100 patients scanned with optimized protocol (Group B: arms flexed on a chest pillow without repositioning)...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764819/penetrating-trauma-causing-cerebrospinal-fluid-leak-without-nerve-root-damage
#11
Holly Carpenter, Katherine-Helen Hurndall, Ajay K Asokan, Roland Fernandes
A 19-year-old man with a stab injury to the lower back presented with no focal neurology or haemodynamic instability. He complained of a headache that was improved by lying flat and underwent imaging to look for damage to local structures. He was found to have air in his intraspinal space. Initially this case was managed conservatively; however, 2 weeks after discharge, he presented with cerebrospinal fluid leak from his wound. This was managed with neurosurgical intervention and watertight closure of fascia...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764396/functional-connectivity-of-hippocampal-subregions-in-ptsd-relations-with-symptoms
#12
Bailee L Malivoire, Todd A Girard, Ronak Patel, Candice M Monson
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with abnormal hippocampal activity; however, the functional connectivity (FC) of the hippocampus with other brain regions in PTSD and its relations with symptoms warrants further attention. We investigated subregional hippocampal FC in PTSD during a resting state compared with a trauma-exposed control (TEC) group. Based on extant research, we targeted the FCs of the anterior and posterior hippocampal subregions with the amygdala, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), and the posterior cingulate (PCC)...
May 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763252/charcot-foot-clinical-clues-diagnostic-strategies-and-treatment-principles
#13
Valerie S Marmolejo, Jonathan F Arnold, Mario Ponticello, Charles A Anderson
Acute Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot and ankle is often difficult to diagnose because of limited findings in the patient history, physical examination, imaging, and laboratory studies. Delay in treatment results in the development of rigid foot and ankle deformities, increasing the risk of ulceration, infection, and major lower extremity amputation. Acute Charcot neuroarthropathy should be suspected in any patient 40 years or older with obesity and peripheral neuropathy who presents with an acutely swollen foot following minimal or no recalled trauma and who reports minimal to no pain, particularly if radiography and laboratory markers of infection are normal...
May 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761995/-the-progress-of-research-on-three-dimensional-printed-jaw-scaffolds
#14
REVIEW
Shuaishuai Cao, Miao Zhou
Large defects of jaw caused by tumor, trauma and so on in oral and maxillofacial region lead to facial deformity, language and chewing dysfunction, which severely damage the patient's life quality. Three-dimensional printing (3DP) is also named additive manufacturing (AM), which can print materials layer by layer to create three-dimensional objects. The complex shape of jaw defects can be accurately reconstructed using 3DP scaffold combined with image data, computer-aided-design and manufacture. It has specific advantages compared with traditional way of jaw reconstruction and has attracted much attention in the field of jaw tissue engineering recently...
December 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760842/appropriateness-of-extremity-magnetic-resonance-imaging-examinations-in-an-academic-emergency-department-observation-unit
#15
McKinley Glover, Ravi V Gottumukkala, Yadiel Sanchez, Brian J Yun, Theodore I Benzer, Benjamin A White, Anand M Prabhakar, Ali S Raja
Introduction: Emergency departments (ED) and hospitals face increasing challenges related to capacity, throughput, and stewardship of limited resources while maintaining high quality. Appropriate utilization of extremity magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations within the emergency setting is not well known. Therefore, this study aimed to determine indications for and appropriateness of MRI of the extremities for musculoskeletal conditions in the ED observation unit (EDOU). Methods: We conducted this institutional review board-approved, retrospective study in a large, quaternary care academic center and Level I trauma center...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758582/-relevance-of-mri-after-closed-reduction-of-traumatic-hip-dislocation-in-children
#16
Christoph Mauritz Strüwind, Christian von Rüden, Andreas Thannheimer, Volker Bühren, Dorien Schneidmueller
BACKGROUND: Traumatic hip dislocation in children and adolescents is a rare entity that typically results from high-energy trauma. After closed joint reduction, further treatment depends on the specific pattern of the lesion as identified using cross sectional imaging. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate relevant side effects after traumatic hip dislocation in children and adolescents in order to examine the need for focused diagnostics. PATIENTS/MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis covered 8 adolescents under 18 years suffering isolated traumatic hip joint dislocation between 2001 and 2017...
May 14, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757559/-ct-observation-of-retromaxillary-posterior-ethmoid
#17
Jin Feng Liu, Qi Tong Liu, Jin Yu Liu, Zhan Feng Yan, Ning Yu Wang
Objective: To investigate the morphologic characteristics of the retromaxillary posterior ethmoid. Method: A total of 103 outpatients encountered in our hospital during March 2012 and December 2012,who completed paranasal sinus CT examination,were included in this study.Patients had no sinus trauma,surgery or tumor history.Their paranasal sinus CT scans were analyzed from scheduled axial and coronal plane.The incidence and imaging features of the retromaxillary posterior ethmoid were observed. Result: The retromaxillary posterior ethmoid(RMPE)was the posterior ethmoid cell that expanded along the lamina papyracea toward the infraorbital region...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755271/clinical-radiological-and-histopathological-characteristics-of-surgically-removed-orbital-hematic-cysts-a-case-series
#18
Hind M Alkatan, Mohammad Al Otaibi, Azza M Y Maktabi, Hamad Aljaedi, Sahar M Elkhamary, Yasser Al-Faky, Adel H Alsuhaibani
Background: Hematic cyst is a rare orbital condition that has a wide range of clinical presentation and is characterized pathologically by lack of endothelial lining. Purpose: To correlate clinical and radiological features of hematic cysts, to tissue diagnosis, and investigate the possible etiology behind this condition, its relation to trauma and other interesting histopathological findings. Methods: Retrospective case series at King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital (KKESH) and King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) of all orbital lesions with tissue findings supporting the clinical and/or radiological diagnosis of hematic cyst...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754856/three-dimensional-dental-and-craniofacial-manifestations-in-patients-with-late-diagnosis-of-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii-report-of-2-cases
#19
Rafaela de Oliveira Torres, Andréa Vaz Braga Pintor, Fábio Ribeiro Guedes, Lucia Helena Soares Cevidanes, Liana Bastos Freitas-Fernandes, Antônio Carlos de Oliveira Ruellas, Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro de Souza
The objective of this study was to report the clinical evaluation results and 3-dimensional (3-D) dental and craniofacial characteristics observed in 2 male patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II. The patients were evaluated clinically (soft tissue evaluation, evaluation of occlusion, periodontal and dental examinations) and by using craniofacial computed tomography, with evaluation of 3-D images in ITK-Snap v. 2.2 (Penn Image Computing and Science Laboratory, Philadelphia, PA; http://www.itksnap.org/) and 3-D Slicer (http://www...
April 16, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754515/spontaneous-direct-carotid-cavernous-sinus-fistula-secondary-to-a-persistent-primitive-trigeminal-artery-treated-by-trans-venous-coil-embolisation
#20
Andrew Imrie, Kendal Redmond, David Leggett
A healthy 51-year-old female presented with a spontaneous direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistula associated with a persistent primitive trigeminal artery. She had no history of connective tissue or cerebrovascular disorders or significant head trauma. This is a rare lesion with only 18 previously reported cases. It had similar clinical presentation and imaging appearance to a high-flow direct carotid-cavernous fistula and was uncovered after successful trans-venous coil embolisation of the fistula. It therefore needs to be considered in cases of direct carotid-cavernous fistula without history of trauma...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
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