keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sleep restriction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089853/region-specific-increases-in-fosb-%C3%AE-fosb-immunoreactivity-in-the-rat-brain-in-response-to-chronic-sleep-restriction
#1
Shannon Hall, Samüel Deurveilher, Kristin Robin Ko, Joan Burns, Kazue Semba
Using a rat model of chronic sleep restriction (CSR) featuring periodic sleep deprivation with slowly rotating wheels (3h on/1h off), we previously observed that 99h of this protocol induced both homeostatic and allostatic (adaptive) changes in physiological and behavioural measures. Notably, the initial changes in sleep intensity and attention performance gradually adapted during CSR despite accumulating sleep loss. To identify brain regions involved in these responses, we used FosB/ΔFosB immunohistochemistry as a marker of chronic neuronal activation...
January 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081034/the-effects-of-the-removal-of-electronic-devices-for-48-hours-on-sleep-in-elite-judo-athletes
#2
Ian C Dunican, David T Martin, Shona L Halson, Reid Reale, Brian Dawson, John Caldwell, Maddison J Jones, Peter R Eastwood
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of the removal of electronic devices (i.e., smartphones, etc.) for 48 hours on sleep quality and next-day athletic and cognitive performance in elite Judo athletes. PARTICIPANTS: Over 6 days and nights, 23 eliteAustralian Judo athletes were monitored while attending a camp at the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS). In 14 athletes all electronic devices were removed on days 3 & 4 (i.e. for 48 hours: the 'device-restricted group') while 9 were permitted to use their devices throughout the camp (the 'control group')...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079877/genome-wide-transposon-screening-and-quantitative-insertion-site-sequencing-for-cancer-gene-discovery-in-mice
#3
Mathias J Friedrich, Lena Rad, Iraad F Bronner, Alexander Strong, Wei Wang, Julia Weber, Matthew Mayho, Hannes Ponstingl, Thomas Engleitner, Carolyn Grove, Anja Pfaus, Dieter Saur, Juan Cadiñanos, Michael A Quail, George S Vassiliou, Pentao Liu, Allan Bradley, Roland Rad
Transposon-mediated forward genetics screening in mice has emerged as a powerful tool for cancer gene discovery. It pinpoints cancer drivers that are difficult to find with other approaches, thus complementing the sequencing-based census of human cancer genes. We describe here a large series of mouse lines for insertional mutagenesis that are compatible with two transposon systems, PiggyBac and Sleeping Beauty, and give guidance on the use of different engineered transposon variants for constitutive or tissue-specific cancer gene discovery screening...
February 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075519/an-update-of-management-of-insomnia-in-patients-with-chronic-orofacial-pain
#4
REVIEW
Galit Almoznino, Yaron Haviv, Yair Sharav, Rafael Benoliel
In this review we discuss the management of chronic orofacial pain (COFP) patients with insomnia. Diagnostic work-up and follow-up routines of COFP patients should include assessment of sleep problems. Management is based on a multidisciplinary approach, addressing the factors that modulate the pain experience as well as insomnia and including both non-pharmacological and pharmacological modalities. Parallel to treatment, patients should receive therapy for co-morbid medical and psychiatric disorders, and possible substance abuse that may be that may trigger or worsen the COFP and/or their insomnia...
January 11, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071649/effect-of-shortened-sleep-on-energy-expenditure-core-body-temperature-and-appetite-a-human-randomised-crossover-trial
#5
Masanobu Hibi, Chie Kubota, Tomohito Mizuno, Sayaka Aritake, Yuki Mitsui, Mitsuhiro Katashima, Sunao Uchida
The effects of sleep restriction on energy metabolism and appetite remain controversial. We examined the effects of shortened sleep duration on energy metabolism, core body temperature (CBT), and appetite profiles. Nine healthy men were evaluated in a randomised crossover study under two conditions: a 3.5-h sleep duration and a 7-h sleep duration for three consecutive nights followed by one 7-h recovery sleep night. The subjects' energy expenditure (EE), substrate utilisation, and CBT were continually measured for 48 h using a whole-room calorimeter...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069386/sleep-influences-the-immune-response-and-the-rejection-process-alters-sleep-pattern-evidence-from-a-skin-allograft-model-in-mice
#6
Francieli Silva Ruiz, Monica Levy Andersen, Camila Guindalini, Leandro Pires Araujo, José Daniel Lopes, Sergio Tufik
INTRODUCTION: Sleep generally regulates immune functions in a supportive manner and can affect parameters that are directly involved in the rejection process. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The first objective was to assess whether sleep deprivation (SD) or sleep restriction (SR) affects the allograft rejection process in mice. The second objective was to investigate whether the rejection process itself modulates the sleep pattern of allografted mice. DESIGN: Adult BALB/c and C57BL/6J male mice were used as the donors and recipients, respectively, except for the syngeneic group (ISOTX), which received skin from mice of the same strain (C57BL/6J)...
January 6, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062220/sleep-lung-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Ezequiel Fernandes Oliveira, Sergio Roberto Nacif, Jessica Julioti Urbano, Anderson Soares Silva, Claudia Santos Oliveira, Eduardo Araujo Perez, Melissa Nunes Polaro, Berenice Cataldo Oliveira Valerio, Roberto Stirbulov, Giuseppe Insalaco, Acary Sousa Bulle Oliveira, Luis Vicente Franco Oliveira
The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological variables of lung function, respiratory muscle strength, and sleep in clinically stable patients with myasthenia gravis. This was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted in accordance with the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement. Patients adhering to the eligibility criteria were consecutively recruited from the Research Department of Neuromuscular Diseases at the Federal University of Sao Paulo and the Department of Neurology at Santa Casa de Misericordia of Sao Paulo and were referred to the Nove de Julho University Sleep Laboratory (Sao Paulo, Brazil)...
November 25, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051892/what-is-the-role-of-bariatric-surgery-in-the-management-of-obesity
#8
E Panteliou, A D Miras
Diet, exercise, cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy are some of the means of assisting patients to lose weight, with bariatric surgery being the most effective. Over the last two decades, the increased awareness of the systemic benefits of bariatric surgery, as well as the improved safety and the wider use of the laparoscopic approach, has made bariatric surgery flourish. In the United Kingdom, the adjustable gastric band (10%), vertical sleeve gastrectomy (37%) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (45%) are the three most common procedures...
January 4, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045199/yoga-for-improving-health-related-quality-of-life-mental-health-and-cancer-related-symptoms-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Petra Klose, Silke Lange, Jost Langhorst, Gustav J Dobos
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the cancer most frequently diagnosed in women worldwide. Even though survival rates are continually increasing, breast cancer is often associated with long-term psychological distress, chronic pain, fatigue and impaired quality of life. Yoga comprises advice for an ethical lifestyle, spiritual practice, physical activity, breathing exercises and meditation. It is a complementary therapy that is commonly recommended for breast cancer-related impairments and has been shown to improve physical and mental health in people with different cancer types...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011880/roles-of-estrogen-receptor-alpha-in-mediating-lifespan-the-hypothalamic-deregulation-hypothesis
#10
Arvin M Gouw, Gizem Efe, Rita Barakat, Andrew Preecha, Movarid Mehdizadeh, Steven A Garan, George A Brooks
In several species caloric restriction (CR) extends lifespan. In this paper we integrate data from studies on CR and other sources to articulate the Hypothalamic Deregulation Hypothesis by which Estrogen Receptor-alpha (ER-α) signaling in the hypothalamus and limbic system affects lifespan under the stress of CR in mammals. ER-α is one of two principal estrogen-binding receptors differentially expressed in the amygdala, hippocampus, and several key hypothalamic nuclei: the Arcuate nucleus (ARN), Preoptic Area (POA), Ventromedial nucleus (VMN), Antero Ventral Periventricular Nucleus (AVPV), Paraventricular nucleus (PVN), Supraoptic nucleus (SON), and Suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN)...
December 23, 2016: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000231/duty-hour-restrictions-and-surgical-complications-for-head-and-neck-key-indicator-procedures
#11
Aaron Smith, Nikhita Jain, Jim Wan, Lei Wang, Merry Sebelik
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Graduate medical education has traditionally required long work hours, allowing trainees little time for adequate rest. Based on concerns over performance deterioration with sleep deprivation and its effect on patient outcomes, duty hour restrictions have been mandated. We sought to characterize complications from otolaryngology key indicator procedures performed before and after duty hour reform. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of National Inpatient Sample (NIS)...
December 21, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999367/phenotypic-stability-of-energy-balance-responses-to-experimental-total-sleep-deprivation-and-sleep-restriction-in-healthy-adults
#12
Laura E Dennis, Andrea M Spaeth, Namni Goel
Experimental studies have shown that sleep restriction (SR) and total sleep deprivation (TSD) produce increased caloric intake, greater fat consumption, and increased late-night eating. However, whether individuals show similar energy intake responses to both SR and TSD remains unknown. A total of N = 66 healthy adults (aged 21-50 years, 48.5% women, 72.7% African American) participated in a within-subjects laboratory protocol to compare daily and late-night intake between one night of SR (4 h time in bed, 04:00-08:00) and one night of TSD (0 h time in bed) conditions...
December 19, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998380/the-past-is-prologue-the-future-of-sleep-medicine
#13
Nathaniel F Watson, Ilene M Rosen, Ronald D Chervin
The field of sleep medicine has gone through tremendous growth and development over a short period of time, culminating in recognition of the field as an independent medical subspecialty by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). However, the fellowship training requirement that is now mandatory for sleep medicine board certification eligibility has had the unintended consequence of restricting the influx of young physicians to the field...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998287/the-thalamic-mglur1-plc%C3%AE-4-pathway-is-critical-in-sleep-architecture
#14
Joohyeon Hong, Jungryun Lee, Kiyeong Song, Go Eun Ha, Yong Ryoul Yang, Ji Su Ma, Masahiro Yamamoto, Hee-Sup Shin, Pann-Ghill Suh, Eunji Cheong
The transition from wakefulness to a nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep state at the onset of sleep involves a transition from low-voltage, high-frequency irregular electroencephalography (EEG) waveforms to large-amplitude, low-frequency EEG waveforms accompanying synchronized oscillatory activity in the thalamocortical circuit. The thalamocortical circuit consists of reciprocal connections between the thalamus and cortex. The cortex sends strong excitatory feedback to the thalamus, however the function of which is unclear...
December 21, 2016: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984046/psychophysiological-relationships-between-a-multi-component-self-report-measure-of-mood-stress-and-behavioural-signs-and-symptoms-and-physiological-stress-responses-during-a-simulated-firefighting-deployment
#15
Alexander Wolkow, Brad Aisbett, Sally A Ferguson, John Reynolds, Luana C Main
Physical work and sleep loss are wildland firefighting demands that elicit psychological and physiological stress responses. Research shows that these responses are statistically related which presents an opportunity to use subjective psychological questionnaires to monitor physiological changes among firefighters; an approach used extensively in sport settings. The aim of the present study was to investigate if changes in self-reported psychological factors on the multi-component training distress scale (MTDS), relate to cytokines and cortisol levels among firefighters completing three days of simulated physical firefighting work separated by an 8-h or restricted 4-h sleep each night...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983645/decrease-in-circulating-fatty-acids-is-associated-with-islet-dysfunction-in-chronically-sleep-restricted-rats
#16
Shanshan Zhan, Yangyang Wu, Peng Sun, Haiyan Lin, Yunxia Zhu, Xiao Han
Previous studies have shown that sleep restriction-induced environmental stress is associated with abnormal metabolism, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. In the current study, we investigated the possible lipid and glucose metabolism patterns in chronically sleep-restricted rat. Without changes in food intake, body weight was decreased and energy expenditure was increased in sleep-restricted rats. The effects of chronic sleep disturbance on metabolites in serum were examined using ¹H NMR metabolomics and GC-FID/MS analysis...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976447/impact-of-sleep-restriction-versus-idealized-sleep-on-emotional-experience-reactivity-and-regulation-in-healthy-adolescents
#17
Radhika Reddy, Cara A Palmer, Christine Jackson, Samantha G Farris, Candice A Alfano
Sleep loss is associated with affective disturbances and disorders; however, there is limited understanding of specific mechanisms underlying these links, especially in adolescence. The current study tested the effects of sleep restriction versus idealized sleep on adolescents' emotional experience, reactivity and regulation (specifically cognitive reappraisal). Following 1 week of sleep monitoring, healthy adolescents (n = 42; ages 13-17 years) were randomized to 1 night of sleep restriction (4 h) or idealized sleep (9...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956208/anatomical-evidence-for-functional-diversity-in-the-mesencephalic-locomotor-region-of-primates
#18
Sophie B Sébille, Hayat Belaid, Anne-Charlotte Philippe, Arthur André, Brian Lau, Chantal François, Carine Karachi, Eric Bardinet
The mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR) is a highly preserved brainstem structure in vertebrates. The MLR performs a crucial role in locomotion but also controls various other functions such as sleep, attention, and even emotion. The MLR comprises the pedunculopontine (PPN) and cuneiform nuclei (CuN) but their specific roles are still unknown in primates. Here, we sought to characterise the inputs and outputs of the PPN and CuN to and from the basal ganglia, thalamus, amygdala and cortex, with a specific interest in identifying functional anatomical territories...
December 9, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955874/driving-after-adolescent-concussion-advice-from-nurse-practitioners-in-the-absence-of-standardized-recommendations
#19
Tracy A Klein, Janessa M Graves, Jasmine Y Graham
INTRODUCTION: Nurse practitioners (NPs) are authorized to manage concussion recovery. Common adolescent activities, like driving, are omitted from guidelines. We investigated NP driving guidance and its clinical basis for restriction or limitation following adolescent concussion. METHOD: NPs completed a web-based questionnaire after viewing a scripted video scenario of an adolescent describing symptoms of concussion occurring 72 hours prior. Driving recommendations were collected using an open-ended query, then coded and categorized by type, characteristic, and basis...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924661/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pregnancy-the-maternal-and-fetal-implications
#20
Shanthi Carnelio, Adam Morton, H David McIntyre
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) which includes obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS), has emerged as a risk factor for adverse maternal-foetal outcomes in pregnancy. Physiological changes of pregnancy predispose a woman 'at risk' towards developing SDB. The increasing incidence of OSA in pregnancy closely correlates with the population trends of obesity. Common screening tools validated in non-pregnant subjects including Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) are poor predictors of SDB in pregnancy...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
keyword
keyword
11754
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"