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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619248/the-effectiveness-of-behavioural-and-cognitive-behavioural-therapies-for-insomnia-on-depressive-and-fatigue-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Andrea Ballesio, Maria Raisa Jessica V Aquino, Bernd Feige, Anna F Johann, Simon D Kyle, Kai Spiegelhalder, Caterina Lombardo, Gerta Rücker, Dieter Riemann, Chiara Baglioni
This review aimed to assess the impact of behavioural therapy for insomnia administered alone (BT-I) or in combination with cognitive techniques (cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia, CBT-I) on depressive and fatigue symptoms using network meta-analysis. PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were searched from 1986 to May 2015. Studies were included if they incorporated sleep restriction, a core technique of BT-I treatment, and an adult insomnia sample, a control group and a standardised measure of depressive and/or fatigue symptoms...
February 7, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601291/absence-of-autoreactive-cd4-t-cells-targeting-hla-dqa1-01-02-dqb1-06-02-restricted-hypocretin-orexin-epitopes-in-narcolepsy-type-1-when-detected-by-elispot
#2
Birgitte Rahbek Kornum, Kristoffer Sølvsten Burgdorf, Anja Holm, Henrik Ullum, Poul Jennum, Stine Knudsen
Narcolepsy type 1, a neurological sleep disorder strongly associated with Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA-)DQB1*06:02, is caused by the loss of hypothalamic neurons producing the wake-promoting neuropeptide hypocretin (hcrt, also known as orexin). This loss is believed to be caused by an autoimmune reaction. To test whether hcrt itself could be a possible target in the autoimmune attack, CD4(+) T-cell reactivity towards six different 15-mer peptides from prepro-hypocretin with high predicted affinity to the DQA1*01:02/DQB1*06:02 MHC class II dimer was tested using EliSpot in a cohort of 22 narcolepsy patients with low CSF hcrt levels, and 23 DQB1*06:02 positive healthy controls...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597541/restless-roosts-light-pollution-affects-behavior-sleep-and-physiology-in-a-free-living-songbird
#3
Jenny Q Ouyang, Maaike de Jong, Roy H A van Grunsven, Kevin D Matson, Mark F Haussmann, Peter Meerlo, Marcel E Visser, Kamiel Spoelstra
The natural nighttime environment is increasingly polluted by artificial light. Several studies have linked artificial light at night to negative impacts on human health. In free-living animals, light pollution is associated with changes in circadian, reproductive, and social behavior, but whether these animals also suffer from physiologic costs remains unknown. To fill this gap, we made use of a unique network of field sites which are either completely unlit (control), or are artificially illuminated with white, green, or red light...
June 9, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573387/the-impact-of-change-of-renal-replacement-therapy-modality-on-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
C Kennedy, S A Ryan, T Kane, R W Costello, P J Conlon
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are common and multi-factorial in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Sleep disorders and disturbance have a negative impact on wellbeing and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a change in renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality on sleep quality and sleep disturbance in patients with ESRD. DATA SOURCES: Multiple electronic databases were searched without publication type/period restrictions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572989/negative-effects-of-restricted-sleep-on-facial-appearance-and-social-appeal
#5
Tina Sundelin, Mats Lekander, Kimmo Sorjonen, John Axelsson
The importance of assessing evolutionarily relevant social cues suggests that humans should be sensitive to others' sleep history, as this may indicate something about their health as well as their capacity for social interaction. Recent findings show that acute sleep deprivation and looking tired are related to decreased attractiveness and health, as perceived by others. This suggests that one might also avoid contact with sleep-deprived, or sleepy-looking, individuals, as a strategy to reduce health risk and poor interactions...
May 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550484/respiratory-involvement-in-ambulant-and-non-ambulant-patients-with-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy
#6
Sandra Moreira, Libby Wood, Debbie Smith, Chiara Marini-Bettolo, Michela Guglieri, Grace McMacken, Geraldine Bailey, Anna Mayhew, Robert Muni-Lofra, Gail Eglon, Maggie Williams, Volker Straub, Hanns Lochmüller, Teresinha Evangelista
Understand the occurrence and predictors of respiratory impairment in FSHD. Data from 100 FSHD patients was collected regarding demographics, genetics, respiratory status and pulmonary function tests, clinical manifestations and Clinical Severity Scale (CSS) scores. Patients were assigned to two severity groups using CSS: mild (scores <3.5) and moderate/severely affected (scores ≥3.5). Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) was classified as severely impaired if less than 50% of the predicted. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 23, tests were two-tailed and the level of significance set at 5%...
June 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545315/relationship-between-sleep-pattern-and-efficacy-of-calorie-restricted-mediterranean-diet-in-overweight-obese-subjects
#7
Giuditta Pagliai, Monica Dinu, Alessandro Casini, Francesco Sofi
The association between the sleep pattern and the effectiveness of a calorie-restricted Mediterranean diet in people with overweight/obesity has been investigated in this study. Four hundred and three subjects were provided with a calorie-restricted Mediterranean diet and followed for 9 months. Personal information, including sleep pattern, was obtained at the baseline. Body weight and composition were measured every 3 months. Poor sleepers reported to have significantly (p < .05) higher BMI and fat mass percentage than good sleepers...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544082/a-resource-of-potential-drug-targets-and-strategic-decision-making-for-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-pharmacotherapy
#8
REVIEW
Richard L Horner, Kevin P Grace, Andrew Wellman
There is currently no pharmacotherapy for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) but there is no principled a priori reason why there should not be one. This review identifies a rational decision-making strategy with the necessary logical underpinnings that any reasonable approach would be expected to navigate to develop a viable pharmacotherapy for OSA. The process first involves phenotyping an individual to quantify and characterize the critical predisposing factor(s) to their OSA pathogenesis and identify, a priori, if the patient is likely to benefit from a pharmacotherapy that targets those factors...
May 25, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543440/chronic-sleep-restriction-disrupts-interendothelial-junctions-in-the-hippocampus-and-increases-blood-brain-barrier-permeability
#9
G Hurtado-Alvarado, J Velázquez-Moctezuma, B Gómez-González
Chronic sleep loss in the rat increases blood-brain barrier permeability to Evans blue and FITC-dextrans in almost the whole brain and sleep recovery during short periods restores normal blood-brain barrier permeability. Sleep loss increases vesicle density in hippocampal endothelial cells and decreases tight junction protein expression. However, at the ultrastructural level the effect of chronic sleep loss on interendothelial junctions is unknown. In this study we characterised the ultrastructure of interendothelial junctions in the hippocampus, the expression of tight junction proteins, and quantified blood-brain barrier permeability to fluorescein-sodium after chronic sleep restriction...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539349/sleep-loss-promotes-astrocytic-phagocytosis-and-microglial-activation-in-mouse-cerebral-cortex
#10
Michele Bellesi, Luisa de Vivo, Mattia Chini, Francesca Gilli, Giulio Tononi, Chiara Cirelli
We previously found that Mertk and its ligand Gas6, astrocytic genes involved in phagocytosis, are upregulated after acute sleep deprivation. These results suggested that astrocytes may engage in phagocytic activity during extended wake, but direct evidence was lacking. Studies in humans and rodents also found that sleep loss increases peripheral markers of inflammation, but whether these changes are associated with neuroinflammation and/or activation of microglia, the brain's resident innate immune cells, was unknown...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537462/symptom-prevalence-and-the-negative-emotional-states-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-with-or-without-renal-replacement-therapy-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#11
Wan Zul Haikal Wan Zukiman, Hayati Yaakup, Nor Fadhlina Zakaria, Shamsul Azhar Bin Shah
BACKGROUND: Limited comparative data are available on the symptom severity and burden of dialyzed versus nondialyzed end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and their association with negative emotional states. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of symptom burden and severity of ESRD patients and correlate the findings with their psychological status. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of dialyzed (N = 87) and nondialyzed (N = 100) patients...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537332/comparison-of-intermittent-fasting-versus-caloric-restriction-in-obese-subjects-a-two-year-follow-up
#12
F B Aksungar, M Sarıkaya, A Coskun, M Serteser, I Unsal
OBJECTIVE: Caloric restriction (CR) is proven to be effective in increasing life span and it is well known that, nutritional habits, sleeping pattern and meal frequency have profound effects on human health. In Ramadan some Muslims fast during the day-light hours for a month, providing us a unique model of intermittent fasting (IF) in humans. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of IF versus CR on the same non-diabetic obese subjects who were followed for two years according to the growth hormone (GH)/Insulin like growth factor (IGF)-1 axis and insulin resistance...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530204/in-bed-vital-signs-monitoring-system-based-on-unobtrusive-magnetic-induction-method-with-a-concentric-planar-gradiometer
#13
Hadiseh Mahdavi, Javier Rosell-Ferrer
SIGNIFICANCE: Unobtrusive vital signs monitoring is of major importance for various medical areas such as detection and treatment of sleep disorders, monitoring neonates and burned victims, home health care and smart home applications and wearables among others. Such applications call for monitoring methods in which the patient's natural state is less interfered with. An ideal device would be non-invasive, minimally restrictive, robust enough to compensate movements of the patients, and would operate without relying on the patient's full cooperation...
June 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527163/pharmacotherapy-of-insomnia-and-current-updates
#14
REVIEW
Arup Kumar Misra, Pramod Kumar Sharma
Insomnia is highly prevalent and is associated with a range of psychological, psychiatric, and medical conditions. Insomnia affects health by influencing cognitive, emotional and social functioning. Circadian and sleep homeostatic processes play an important role in insomnia development and its maintenance. Several efficacious treatments, both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic, exist for the management of insomnia. Among non-pharmacologic treatments including stimulus control therapy, sleep restriction, relaxation, sleep hygiene and cognitive therapy have been shown to be efficacious...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525634/association-between-weekend-catch-up-sleep-and-lower-body-mass-population-based-study-weekend-catch-up-sleep-and-body-mass-index
#15
Hee-Jin Im, Shin-Hye Baek, Min Kyung Chu, Kwang Ik Yang, Won-Joo Kim, Seong-Ho Park, Robert J Thomas, Chang-Ho Yun
Study Objectives: To determine if weekend catch-up sleep (CUS) impacts body mass index (BMI) in the general population. Methods: A stratified random sample (2,156 subjects; age 19-82 years old, 43.0±14.5; 1,183 male) from the general population was evaluated, in 2010, using face-to-face interviews about sociodemographic characteristics, height, weight, habitual sleep duration and time-in-bed at night on weekdays and weekend, sleep-related profiles, mood and anxiety scales, and comorbid-medical conditions...
May 19, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513083/screen-printed-ambulatory-electrode-set-enables-accurate-diagnostics-of-sleep-bruxism
#16
Tomi Miettinen, Katja Myllymaa, Anu Muraja-Murro, Susanna Westeren-Punnonen, Taina Hukkanen, Juha Töyräs, Reijo Lappalainen, Esa Mervaala, Kirsi Sipilä, Sami Myllymaa
Currently, definite diagnosis of sleep bruxism requires polysomnography. However, it is restrictedly available, and too cumbersome and expensive for the purpose. The aim of this study was to introduce an ambulatory electrode set and evaluate its feasibility for more cost-effective diagnostics of sleep bruxism. Six self-assessed bruxers (one male, five females; aged 21-58 years) and six healthy controls (four males, two females, aged 21-25 years) underwent a standard polysomnographic study and a concurrent study with the ambulatory electrode set...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511484/efficacy-of-structured-yoga-intervention-for-sleep-gastrointestinal-and-behaviour-problems-of-asd-children-an-exploratory-study
#17
Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham
INTRODUCTION: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro developmental disorder which appears at early childhood age between 18 and 36 months. Apart from behaviour problems ASD children also suffer from sleep and Gastrointestinal (GI) problems. Major behaviour problems of ASD children are lack of social communication and interaction, less attention span, repetitive and restrictive behaviour, lack of eye to eye contact, aggressive and self-injurious behaviours, sensory integration problems, motor problems, deficiency in academic activities, anxiety and depression etc...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504054/exploring-the-challenges-in-obtaining-physical-activity-data-from-women-using-hip-worn-accelerometers
#18
Wendy J O'Brien, Sarah P Shultz, Ridvan T Firestone, Lily George, Bernhard H Breier, Rozanne Kruger
Quality objective physical activity data are required to inform physical activity-based health improvement initiatives, however, various challenges undermine acquisition of such data. We examined the efficacy and challenges of a hip-worn accelerometry protocol in women. Specific objectives included determining accelerometer-wear-compliance rates and understanding the barriers and acceptability of wearing accelerometers. Healthy New Zealand women (n = 406) of three ethnicities (Māori (indigenous New Zealander), Pacific, European) aged 16-45 years (30...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503417/indoor-outdoor-not-voluptuary-habit-pollution-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-a-systematic-review
#19
Laura Tenero, Giorgio Piacentini, Luana Nosetti, Emma Gasperi, Michele Piazza, Marco Zaffanello
BACKGROUND: Exposure to environmental pollutants is advocated to be a major risk factor, with increased morbidity and mortality in humans due to acute and chronic airway inflammation. The aim of the present review is to show the literature research regarding the link between the sleep-disordered breathing and exposure to indoor/outdoor pollution in children. We hypothesized that environmental air pollution can play a role in childhood sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS: We conducted an electronic search in Medline (with PubMed interface), Scopus and the ISI Web of Science using the keywords "sleep" or "sleep apnea" or "sleep disordered breathing" and "pollution" and "children" in "Title/Abstract/Keywords", with language restriction (non-English paper) and no date limitation to present...
April 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503259/five-year-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-as-a-primary-procedure-for-morbid-obesity-a-prospective-study
#20
Carlos Hoyuela
AIM: To prospectively evaluate the postoperative morbi-mortality and weight loss evolution of patients who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as a primary bariatric procedure during 5 years of follow-up. METHODS: Since 2006, data from patients undergoing a highly restrictive primary LSG have been prospectively registered in a database and analysed. Preoperative co-morbid conditions, operating time, hospital stay, early and late complications rate and evolution of weight loss after 5 years of follow-up were analysed...
April 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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