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Pet therapy and older adult depression

Ruby Yu, Elsie Hui, Jenny Lee, Dawn Poon, Ashley Ng, Kitty Sit, Kenny Ip, Fannie Yeung, Martin Wong, Takanori Shibata, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: Socially assistive robotics is a growing area for geriatric research. OBJECTIVE: This single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT) aims to investigate the use of PARO, a therapeutic, socially assistive pet robot, in improving mood, and stimulating social interaction and communication for people with dementia in the community. METHODS: For the study, 40 community-dwelling older Chinese adults (≥60 years) with mild to moderate dementia will be recruited and randomly assigned to the PARO therapy group or the psychosocial activities control group...
2015: JMIR Research Protocols
Erika Friedmann, Elizabeth Galik, Sue A Thomas, P Sue Hall, Seon Yoon Chung, Sandra McCune
BACKGROUND: In older adults with cognitive impairment (CI), decreased functional status and increased behavioral symptoms require relocation from assisted living (AL) to nursing homes. Studies support positive effects of pets on health/function. PURPOSE: Evaluate the effectiveness of the Pet AL (PAL) intervention to support physical, behavioral, and emotional function in AL residents with CI. METHODS: Cognitively impaired AL residents randomized to 60-90 minute sessions [PAL (n = 22) or reminiscing (n = 18)] twice/week for 12 weeks...
May 2015: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
R van der Lem, P M Stamsnieder, N J A van der Wee, T van Veen, F G Zitman
PURPOSE: Sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics of participants in antidepressant and psychotherapy efficacy trials (AETs and PETs) for major depressive disorder (MDD) may limit the generalizability of the results. We compared trial participants with daily practice patients. We subsequently assessed the influence of socio-demographic and socioeconomic status on treatment outcome in daily practice. METHODS: Data on daily practice patients were derived through routine outcome monitoring (ROM)...
June 2013: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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