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stanford B aortic dissection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317622/aortic-dissection-in-takayasu-arteritis
#1
Kun-Qi Yang, Yan-Kun Yang, Xu Meng, Ying Zhang, Hui-Min Zhang, Hai-Ying Wu, Ya-Xin Liu, Xiong-Jing Jiang, Jun Cai, Xian-Liang Zhou, Ru-Tai Hui, De-Yu Zheng, Li-Sheng Liu
BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection (AD) is a rare complication of Takayasu arteritis (TA). The clinical presentation and long-term management outcomes of AD in patients with TA have not been well described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients with TA along with AD admitted to Fuwai Hospital between January 1985 and March 2016. Clinical data and follow-up data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 1,154 patients with TA, we identified 10 patients (0...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304197/endovascular-treatment-of-a-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-in-a-patient-with-loeys-dietz-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
Rie Aoki, Kittipong Srivatanakul, Takahiro Osada, Kazuko Hotta, Takatoshi Sorimachi, Mitsunori Matsumae, Hiroko Morisaki
Background Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a recently recognized autosomal dominant connective tissue disease. The manifestations of LDS include vascular tortuosity, scoliosis, craniosynostosis, aneurysm and aortic dissections. Clinical presentation A 35-year-old woman treated with Stanford type B aortic dissection and breast cancer was referred to us for Borden type II dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) draining to the vein of Galen, involving the midline of tentorium cerebelli. The dAVF was treated successfully by combined transarterial and transvenous embolization...
April 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279721/the-petticoat-technique-for-complicated-acute-stanford-type-b-aortic-dissection-using-as-distal-uncovered-stent-a-tapered-self-expanding-nitinol-device
#3
Michele Antonello, Francesco Squizzato, Chiara Colacchio, Jacopo Taglialavoro, Franco Grego, Michele Piazza
PURPOSE: Provisional ExTension To Induce COmplete Attachment (PETTICOAT) technique has shown good results in the treatment of acute type B aortic dissections (ABAD). Usually uncovered tubular stainless steel stents are used to promote distal true lumen reattachment. We describe the Petticoat technique using a conic self-expanding nitinol device as distal uncovered stent. CASE REPORT: Five cases of complicated ABAD were treated using a single-flared E-XL (Jotec-GmbH) as distal uncovered stent...
March 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270842/admission-white-blood-cell-count-predicts-short-term-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-uncomplicated-stanford-type-b-acute-aortic-dissection
#4
Zhao-Ran Chen, Bi Huang, Hai-Song Lu, Zhen-Hua Zhao, Ru-Tai Hui, Yan-Min Yang, Xiao-Han Fan
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation has been shown to be related with acute aortic dissection (AAD). The present study aimed to evaluate the association of white blood cell counts (WBCc) on admission with both in-hospital and long-term all-cause mortality in patients with uncomplicated Stanford type B AAD. METHODS: From 2008 to 2010, a total of 377 consecutive patients with uncomplicated type B AAD were enrolled and then followed up. Clinical data and WBCc on admission were collected...
January 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236916/risk-factors-for-stent-graft-induced-new-entry-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-stanford-type-b%C3%A2-aortic-dissection
#5
Hyunsik Jang, Man-Deuk Kim, Gyoung Min Kim, Jong Yun Won, Young-Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Hyun-Chul Joo, Do Yun Lee
OBJECTIVE: Stent graft-induced new entry (SINE) has been increasingly observed after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for Stanford type B aortic dissection. SINE is often life threatening, and reintervention is required. This study investigated risk factors for SINE after TEVAR. METHODS: From July 2001 to June 2013, we retrospectively analyzed data from 79 patients who underwent TEVAR for Stanford type B aortic dissection. TEVAR was performed in 17 patients ≤2 weeks (acute) after the diagnosis of aortic dissection and in the remaining 62 patients >2 weeks (chronic) after diagnosis...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188564/usefulness-of-the-echocardiographic-paravertebral-approach-for-the-diagnosis-of-descending-thoracic-aortic-dissection
#6
Shoko Yamaguchi, Hironori Murakami, Tomoko Kudo, Chiharu Otokozawa, Shunsuke Sasaki, Satoshi Yuda, Masanori Nojima
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is not recommended as the first-line diagnostic modality for Stanford type B aortic dissection (type-B AD). PURPOSES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the usefulness and factors influencing for the diagnosis of type-B AD using the transthoracic echocardiographic paravertebral approach (PVA). METHODS: We compared the image acquisition rate of descending thoracic aorta (DTA) and the diagnostic rate of type-B AD using TTE versus PVA...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119405/impact-of-gender-on-long-term-outcomes-after-surgical-repair-for-acute-stanford-a-aortic-dissection-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis%C3%A2
#7
Anton Sabashnikov, Stephanie Heinen, Antje Christin Deppe, Mohamed Zeriouh, Alexander Weymann, Ingo Slottosch, Kaveh Eghbalzadeh, Aron-Frederik Popov, Oliver Liakopoulos, Parwis B Rahmanian, Navid Madershahian, Axel Kroener, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Ferdinand Kuhn-Régnier, André R Simon, Thorsten Wahlers, Jens Wippermann
OBJECTIVES: Previous research suggests that female gender is associated with increased mortality rates after surgery for Stanford A acute aortic dissection (AAD). However, women with AAD usually present with different clinical symptoms that may bias outcomes. Moreover, there is a lack of long-term results regarding overall mortality and freedom from major cerebrovascular events. We analysed the impact of gender on long-term outcomes after surgery for Stanford A AAD by comparing genders with similar risk profiles using propensity score matching...
January 23, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070203/a-pilot-observational-study-on-magnesium-and-calcium-imbalance-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-aortic-dissection
#8
E Vianello, E Dozio, A Barassi, G Sammarco, L Tacchini, M M Marrocco-Trischitta, S Trimarchi, M M Corsi Romanelli
BACKGROUND: Magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca) are the principal essential elements involved in endothelial cell homeostasis. Extracellular changes in the levels of either alter endothelial contraction and dilatation. Consequently Mg and Ca imbalance is associated with a high risk of endothelial dysfunction, the main process observed during acute aortic dissection (AAD); in this clinical condition, which mainly affects elderly men, smooth muscle cell alterations lead to intimal tears, creating a false new lumen in the media of the aorta...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938584/-review-of-numerical-simulation-study-of-stanford-type-b-thoracic-aortic-dissection
#9
Y J Zeng, K Luo, J R Fan, T Zhu
According to the previous studies, some key indicators such as the hemodynamic parameters (pressure, flow rate, shear stress, etc.) as well as the geometry and the location of tear are closely related to the development of aortic dissection but are hard to measure in vivo. With the help of computational fluid dynamic method, a promising way is just shown to investigate the mechanisms and treatment of aortic dissection from the perspective of hemodynamics by constructing a three-dimensional model to simulate blood flow...
June 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847066/a-successful-three-stage-surgical-treatment-for-aortoesophageal-fistula-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-and-esophageal-stent-repair
#10
Lijian Cheng, Junming Zhu, Xiangyang Liu, Wei Liu, Haiou Hu, Jie Zhang, Jiexiong Liang, Lizhong Sun
A 39-year-old man with Stanford B aortic dissection was treated by thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and experienced an aortoesophageal fistula (AEF). After repeated TEVAR and esophageal stent implantation, the hematemesis did not cease although the whole thoracic descending aorta was covered by stents. A three-stage operation was performed, and an AEF 9 cm long was found during the operation. To our knowledge, this may be the largest AEF ever reported. The patient survived without adverse events.
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738474/lifesaving-treatment-of-acute-stanford-b-aortic-dissection-complicated-by-intestinal-ischemia-with-stent-placement-in-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-a-case-report
#11
Kenichiro Sato, Ryo Itagaki, Kenshiro Arao, Kouzou Makita
A 44-year-old man was transported to our hospital with chief complaints of back pain and paralysis of the leg. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) imaging revealed an acute Stanford B aortic dissection (AD), which was complicated by acute arterial occlusion of the left external iliac artery. The patient was treated by femorofemoral crossover bypass. Thereafter, abdominal pain was noted, and the patient was diagnosed with intestinal ischemia due to occlusion of the celiac artery and superior mesenteric artery (SMA)...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686640/-endovascular-repair-of-primary-retrograde-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection
#12
H W Wu, L Sun, D M Li, H Jing, B Xu, C T Wang, L Zhang
Objective: To summarize the short- and mid-term results on endovascular repair of primary retrograde Stanford type A aortic dissection with an entry tear in distal aortic arch or descending aorta. Methods: Between December 2009 and December 2014, 21 male patients of primary retrograde Stanford type A aortic dissection with a mean age of (52±9) years received endovascular repair in Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Jinling Hospital. Among the 21 cases, 17 patients were presented as ascending aortic intramural hematoma, 4 patients as active blood flow in false lumen and partial thrombosis, 8 patients as ulcer on descending aorta combined intramural hematoma in descending aorta, and 13 patients as typical dissection changes...
October 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648044/impact-of-admission-serum-total-cholesterol-level-on-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-aortic-dissection
#13
Xintian Liu, Xi Su, Hesong Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To find out the association between serum total cholesterol (TC) on admission and in-hospital mortality in patients with acute aortic dissection (AAD). METHODS: From January 2007 to January 2014, we enrolled 1492 consecutive AAD patients with serum TC measured immediately on admission. Baseline characteristics and in-hospital mortality were compared between the patients with serum TC above and below the median (4.00 mmol/L). Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to account for known confounders in the study...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626252/-possibilities-of-e-vita-open-plus-hybrid-stent-graft-in-surgery-of-thoracic-aorta
#14
B N Kozlov, D S Panfilov, V V Saushkin, K V Zavadovskiĭ, M S Kuznetsov, G G Nasrashvili, V M Shipulin
BACKGROUND: The variety of pathology of the thoracic aorta supposes different approaches of surgical management, including the use of hybrid technologies. OBJECTIVE: To broaden a possible spectrum of indications for implantation of the "E-vita open plus" hybrid stent graft. RESULTS: Surgical treatment of thoracic aorta with the help of the "E-vita open plus" hybrid stent graft according to the "frozen elephant trunk" technique demonstrated satisfactory results in patients with various pathology: type A and B acute and chronic dissection according to the Stanford classification, as well as rare diseases (post-traumatic false aneurysm, complicated atherosclerosis of the thoracic aorta)...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586321/-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-following-axillo-femoral-bypass-in-a-patient-with-stanford-b-acute-aortic-dissection-accompanied-by-abdominal-visceral-ischemia-report-of-a-case
#15
Takayuki Nishimoto, Yukihiro Bonkohara, Takashi Azuma, Masaki Iijima, Masafumi Higashidate
A 60-year-old woman was transfer-red to the emergency department of our medical center with worsening chest and back pain. Computed tomography revealed Stanford type B aortic dissection. There was a false lumen from the distal arch to the abdominal aorta just above the celiac artery. Although she was at 1st treated conservatively, she abruptly developed acute renal failure and lower limb ischemia because of an enlarged false lumen, and emergency axillo-femoral bypass surgery was performed with an 8 mm tube graft...
September 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529482/potential-mechanism-of-post-acute-aortic-dissection-inflammatory-responses-the-role-of-mtdna-from-activated-platelets
#16
Chaoyi Qin, Jun Gu, Hong Qian, Ruiqi Liu, Fei Xu, Yajiao Li, Zhenghua Xiao, Qian He, Jia Hu, Wei Meng
BACKGROUND: Acute aortic dissection (AD) is a lethal cardiovascular disease with severe inflammatory complications. Considering the proinflammatory properties of plasma mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), we postulate that plasma mtDNA from activated platelets may be responsible for post-acute AD inflammatory responses. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 68 patients with acute AD as well as matched hypertensive and healthy participants. Blood samples were collected on admission for blood routine tests, mtDNA assay, and inflammatory cytokine analysis...
August 17, 2016: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488761/modified-transesophageal-echocardiography-of-the-dissected-thoracic-aorta-a-novel-diagnostic-approach
#17
REVIEW
Wouter W Jansen Klomp, Linda M Peelen, George J Brandon Bravo Bruinsma, Arnoud W J Van't Hof, Jan G Grandjean, Arno P Nierich
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a key diagnostic modality in patients with acute aortic dissection, yet its sensitivity is limited by a "blind-spot" caused by air in the trachea. After placement of a fluid-filled balloon in the trachea visualization of the thoracic aorta becomes possible. This method, modified TEE, has been shown to be an accurate test for the diagnosis of upper aortic atherosclerosis. In this study we discuss how we use modified TEE for the diagnosis and management of patients with (suspected) acute aortic dissection...
August 3, 2016: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423717/need-for-limb-revascularization-in-patients-with-acute-aortic-dissection-is-associated-with-mesenteric-ischemia
#18
Kristofer M Charlton-Ouw, Harleen K Sandhu, Samuel S Leake, Katherine Jeffress, Charles C Miller, Christopher A Durham, Tom C Nguyen, Anthony L Estrera, Hazim J Safi, Ali Azizzadeh
BACKGROUND: Acute aortic dissection (AAD) can cause limb ischemia due to branch vessel occlusion. A minority of patients have persistent ischemia after central aortic repair and require peripheral arterial revascularization. We investigated whether the need for limb revascularization is associated with adverse outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed our cases of AAD from 2000 to 2014 and identified patients with malperfusion syndromes (coronary, cerebral, spinal, visceral, renal, or peripheral ischemia)...
October 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421201/endovascular-stent-graft-placement-in-patients-with-stanford-type-b-aortic-dissection-in-china-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Junwei Wang, Yonghui Li, Yongxin Li, Zefang Ren, Peng Chen, Xueke Qian, Shenming Wang, Jinsong Wang
BACKGROUND: Improvements in stent-graft devices and increasing clinical experience with the technique have improved outcomes and expanded clinical indications in patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection (AD) in China. However, the evolution of and modifications to stent grafts have not been reviewed. The aim of this study was to summarize all available published data on technical success, potential benefits, complications, stent evolution, and survival rates associated with endovascular stent-graft placements in patients with Stanford type B AD in China...
October 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390746/the-chronobiology-of-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissections-a-comparison-of-northern-versus-southern-hemispheres
#20
Abe DeAnda, Eugene A Grossi, Leora B Balsam, Marc R Moon, Clifford W Barlow, Daniel O Navia, Patricia Ursomanno, Bulat A Ziganshin, Annette E Rabinovich, John A Elefteriades, Julian A Smith
BACKGROUND: Seasonal variations of Stanford Type A dissections (STADs) have been previously described in the Northern Hemisphere (NH). This study sought to determine if these variation are mirrored in the Southern Hemisphere (SH). METHODS: Data from patients treated surgically for STADs were retrospectively obtained from existing administrative and clinical databases from NH and SH sites. Data points of interest included age, sex, date of dissection, and 30-day mortality...
December 2015: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
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