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stanford B aortic dissection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411526/endovascular-repair-of-a-ruptured-thoracic-aortic-dissection-with-a-right-sided-aortic-arch-a-case-report
#1
Jeremy L Irvan, James R Elmore, Sarah L Flora, Evan J Ryer
BACKGROUND: Emergency treatment of complex aortic pathology is challenging in the setting of a right-sided aortic arch. We report the successful treatment of a ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) in the setting of a Stanford type B aortic dissection (TBAD) and right-sided aortic arch. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is a 66-year-old male with chronic kidney disease (CKD) admitted with right sided chest pain and hypotension. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed a 5cm ruptured TAA in the setting of a TBAD and right-sided aortic arch...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390767/management-and-outcomes-of-carotid-artery-extension-of-aortic-dissections
#2
Adriana Laser, Charles B Drucker, Donald G Harris, Tanya Flohr, Shahab Toursavadkohi, Rajabrata Sarkar, Bradley Taylor, Robert S Crawford
BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection (AD) is the most common aortic catastrophe. Carotid artery dissection due to extension of AD (CAEAD) is one severe complication of this condition. Despite years of refinement in the techniques for repair of AD, the optimal management strategy for CAEAD remains yet to be described. We hypothesized that CAEAD eventually resolves on antiplatelet therapy with a low but not insignificant risk of cerebrovascular accident (CVA). METHODS: This was a single-institution retrospective review of patients admitted with nontraumatic coincident aortic and carotid dissection between 2001 and 2013...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360261/computed-tomography-imaging-features-in-acute-uncomplicated-stanford-type-b-aortic-dissection-predict-late-adverse-events
#3
Anna M Sailer, Sander M J van Kuijk, Patricia J Nelemans, Anne S Chin, Aya Kino, Mark Huininga, Johanna Schmidt, Gabriel Mistelbauer, Kathrin Bäumler, Peter Chiu, Michael P Fischbein, Michael D Dake, D Craig Miller, Geert Willem H Schurink, Dominik Fleischmann
BACKGROUND: Medical treatment of initially uncomplicated acute Stanford type-B aortic dissection is associated with a high rate of late adverse events. Identification of individuals who potentially benefit from preventive endografting is highly desirable. METHODS AND RESULTS: The association of computed tomography imaging features with late adverse events was retrospectively assessed in 83 patients with acute uncomplicated Stanford type-B aortic dissection, followed over a median of 850 (interquartile range 247-1824) days...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355763/-late-reoperations-after-repaired-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection
#4
F H Huang, L P Li, C H Su, W Qin, M Xu, L M Wang, Y S Jiang, Z B Qiu, L Q Xiao, C Zhang, H W Shi, X Chen
Objective: To summarize the experience of reoperations on patients who had late complications related to previous aortic surgery for Stanford type A dissection. Methods: From August 2008 to October 2016, 14 patients (10 male and 4 female patients) who underwent previous cardiac surgery for Stanford type A aortic dissection accepted reoperations on the late complications at Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Nanjing Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University. The range of age was from 41 to 76 years, the mean age was (57±12) years...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355760/-treatment-strategies-of-complex-lesions-in-patients-with-acute-stanford-type-a-dissection-of-important-branches-involvement
#5
G M Zhang, J M Xia, Y Sun, L H Fan, Y Y Duan, S H Yu, B S Duan, B Li, S Mei, L Zhou, H B Huang, J Y Li, Q Z Guo, J M Zhu
Acute Stanford type A aortic dissection with important branches involved is more complex, could lead to organ malperfusion syndrome even organ failure. The understanding of pathological anatomy, classification, staging, and the pathophysiological change has increasingly mature, but not complete. In addition, the treatment strategy for complex lesions is diversified, some questions may not reach consensus. Fully understanding of the anatomical and pathophysiology is very important for surgeons to choose reasonable treatment strategy...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345421/clinical-features-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-acute-aortic-dissection-in-china
#6
Lujing Zhao, Yanfen Chai, Zhigang Li
Objective To evaluate the clinical features, risk factors, and prognostic significance of different Stanford types of acute aortic dissection (AAD). Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and prognostic predictors in 105 patients with AAD (37 with Stanford type A and 68 with Stanford type B) at Tianjin Medical University General Hospital and Tianjin 4th Central Hospital from January 2014 to November 2015. Results Patients with Marfan syndrome and bicuspid aortic valve constituted 24.3% and 8...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342521/endovascular-management-of-chronic-symptomatic-aortic-dissection-with-the-streamliner-multilayer-flow-modulator-twelve-month-outcomes-from-the-global-registry
#7
Sherif Sultan, Edel P Kavanagh, Florian Stefanov, Mohamed Sultan, Ala Elhelali, Victor Costache, Edward Diethrich, Niamh Hynes
OBJECTIVE: Reported are initial 12-month outcomes of patients with chronic symptomatic aortic dissection managed by the Streamliner Multilayer Flow Modulator (SMFM; Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium). Primary end points were freedom from rupture- and aortic-related death, and reduction in false lumen index. Secondary end points were patency of great vessels and visceral branches, and freedom of stroke, paraplegia, and renal failure. METHODS: Out of 876 SMFM implanted globally, we have knowledge of 542...
April 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317622/aortic-dissection-in-takayasu-arteritis
#8
Kun-Qi Yang, Yan-Kun Yang, Xu Meng, Ying Zhang, Hui-Min Zhang, Hai-Ying Wu, Ya-Xin Liu, Xiong-Jing Jiang, Jun Cai, Xian-Liang Zhou, Ru-Tai Hui, De-Yu Zheng, Li-Sheng Liu
BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection (AD) is a rare complication of Takayasu arteritis (TA). The clinical presentation and long-term management outcomes of AD in patients with TA have not been well described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients with TA along with AD admitted to Fuwai Hospital between January 1985 and March 2016. Clinical data and follow-up data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 1,154 patients with TA, we identified 10 patients (0...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304197/endovascular-treatment-of-a-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-in-a-patient-with-loeys-dietz-syndrome-a-case-report
#9
Rie Aoki, Kittipong Srivatanakul, Takahiro Osada, Kazuko Hotta, Takatoshi Sorimachi, Mitsunori Matsumae, Hiroko Morisaki
Background Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a recently recognized autosomal dominant connective tissue disease. The manifestations of LDS include vascular tortuosity, scoliosis, craniosynostosis, aneurysm and aortic dissections. Clinical presentation A 35-year-old woman treated with Stanford type B aortic dissection and breast cancer was referred to us for Borden type II dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) draining to the vein of Galen, involving the midline of tentorium cerebelli. The dAVF was treated successfully by combined transarterial and transvenous embolization...
April 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279721/the-petticoat-technique-for-complicated-acute-stanford-type-b-aortic-dissection-using-a-tapered-self-expanding-nitinol-device-as-distal-uncovered-stent
#10
Michele Antonello, Francesco Squizzato, Chiara Colacchio, Jacopo Taglialavoro, Franco Grego, Michele Piazza
BACKGROUND: Provisional Extension To Induce Complete Attachment (PETTICOAT) technique has shown good results in the treatment of acute type B aortic dissections (ABAD). Usually, uncovered tubular stainless steel stents are used to promote distal true lumen reattachment. METHODS: We describe the Petticoat technique using a conic self-expanding nitinol device as distal uncovered stent in five cases of complicated ABAD. We used as distal uncovered stent the single-flared E-XL (Jotec-GmbH)...
March 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270842/admission-white-blood-cell-count-predicts-short-term-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-uncomplicated-stanford-type-b-acute-aortic-dissection
#11
Zhao-Ran Chen, Bi Huang, Hai-Song Lu, Zhen-Hua Zhao, Ru-Tai Hui, Yan-Min Yang, Xiao-Han Fan
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation has been shown to be related with acute aortic dissection (AAD). The present study aimed to evaluate the association of white blood cell counts (WBCc) on admission with both in-hospital and long-term all-cause mortality in patients with uncomplicated Stanford type B AAD. METHODS: From 2008 to 2010, a total of 377 consecutive patients with uncomplicated type B AAD were enrolled and then followed up. Clinical data and WBCc on admission were collected...
January 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236916/risk-factors-for-stent-graft-induced-new-entry-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-stanford-type-b%C3%A2-aortic-dissection
#12
Hyunsik Jang, Man-Deuk Kim, Gyoung Min Kim, Jong Yun Won, Young-Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Hyun-Chul Joo, Do Yun Lee
OBJECTIVE: Stent graft-induced new entry (SINE) has been increasingly observed after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for Stanford type B aortic dissection. SINE is often life threatening, and reintervention is required. This study investigated risk factors for SINE after TEVAR. METHODS: From July 2001 to June 2013, we retrospectively analyzed data from 79 patients who underwent TEVAR for Stanford type B aortic dissection. TEVAR was performed in 17 patients ≤2 weeks (acute) after the diagnosis of aortic dissection and in the remaining 62 patients >2 weeks (chronic) after diagnosis...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188564/usefulness-of-the-echocardiographic-paravertebral-approach-for-the-diagnosis-of-descending-thoracic-aortic-dissection
#13
Shoko Yamaguchi, Hironori Murakami, Tomoko Kudo, Chiharu Otokozawa, Shunsuke Sasaki, Satoshi Yuda, Masanori Nojima
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is not recommended as the first-line diagnostic modality for Stanford type B aortic dissection (type-B AD). PURPOSES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the usefulness and factors influencing for the diagnosis of type-B AD using the transthoracic echocardiographic paravertebral approach (PVA). METHODS: We compared the image acquisition rate of descending thoracic aorta (DTA) and the diagnostic rate of type-B AD using TTE versus PVA...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119405/impact-of-gender-on-long-term-outcomes-after-surgical-repair-for-acute-stanford-a-aortic-dissection-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis%C3%A2
#14
Anton Sabashnikov, Stephanie Heinen, Antje Christin Deppe, Mohamed Zeriouh, Alexander Weymann, Ingo Slottosch, Kaveh Eghbalzadeh, Aron-Frederik Popov, Oliver Liakopoulos, Parwis B Rahmanian, Navid Madershahian, Axel Kroener, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Ferdinand Kuhn-Régnier, André R Simon, Thorsten Wahlers, Jens Wippermann
OBJECTIVES: Previous research suggests that female gender is associated with increased mortality rates after surgery for Stanford A acute aortic dissection (AAD). However, women with AAD usually present with different clinical symptoms that may bias outcomes. Moreover, there is a lack of long-term results regarding overall mortality and freedom from major cerebrovascular events. We analysed the impact of gender on long-term outcomes after surgery for Stanford A AAD by comparing genders with similar risk profiles using propensity score matching...
January 23, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070203/a-pilot-observational-study-on-magnesium-and-calcium-imbalance-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-aortic-dissection
#15
E Vianello, E Dozio, A Barassi, G Sammarco, L Tacchini, M M Marrocco-Trischitta, S Trimarchi, M M Corsi Romanelli
BACKGROUND: Magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca) are the principal essential elements involved in endothelial cell homeostasis. Extracellular changes in the levels of either alter endothelial contraction and dilatation. Consequently Mg and Ca imbalance is associated with a high risk of endothelial dysfunction, the main process observed during acute aortic dissection (AAD); in this clinical condition, which mainly affects elderly men, smooth muscle cell alterations lead to intimal tears, creating a false new lumen in the media of the aorta...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938584/-review-of-numerical-simulation-study-of-stanford-type-b-thoracic-aortic-dissection
#16
REVIEW
Y J Zeng, K Luo, J R Fan, T Zhu
According to the previous studies, some key indicators such as the hemodynamic parameters (pressure, flow rate, shear stress, etc.) as well as the geometry and the location of tear are closely related to the development of aortic dissection but are hard to measure in vivo. With the help of computational fluid dynamic method, a promising way is just shown to investigate the mechanisms and treatment of aortic dissection from the perspective of hemodynamics by constructing a three-dimensional model to simulate blood flow...
June 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847066/a-successful-three-stage-surgical-treatment-for-aortoesophageal-fistula-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-and-esophageal-stent-repair
#17
Lijian Cheng, Junming Zhu, Xiangyang Liu, Wei Liu, Haiou Hu, Jie Zhang, Jiexiong Liang, Lizhong Sun
A 39-year-old man with Stanford B aortic dissection was treated by thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and experienced an aortoesophageal fistula (AEF). After repeated TEVAR and esophageal stent implantation, the hematemesis did not cease although the whole thoracic descending aorta was covered by stents. A three-stage operation was performed, and an AEF 9 cm long was found during the operation. To our knowledge, this may be the largest AEF ever reported. The patient survived without adverse events.
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738474/lifesaving-treatment-of-acute-stanford-b-aortic-dissection-complicated-by-intestinal-ischemia-with-stent-placement-in-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-a-case-report
#18
Kenichiro Sato, Ryo Itagaki, Kenshiro Arao, Kouzou Makita
A 44-year-old man was transported to our hospital with chief complaints of back pain and paralysis of the leg. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) imaging revealed an acute Stanford B aortic dissection (AD), which was complicated by acute arterial occlusion of the left external iliac artery. The patient was treated by femorofemoral crossover bypass. Thereafter, abdominal pain was noted, and the patient was diagnosed with intestinal ischemia due to occlusion of the celiac artery and superior mesenteric artery (SMA)...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686640/-endovascular-repair-of-primary-retrograde-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection
#19
H W Wu, L Sun, D M Li, H Jing, B Xu, C T Wang, L Zhang
Objective: To summarize the short- and mid-term results on endovascular repair of primary retrograde Stanford type A aortic dissection with an entry tear in distal aortic arch or descending aorta. Methods: Between December 2009 and December 2014, 21 male patients of primary retrograde Stanford type A aortic dissection with a mean age of (52±9) years received endovascular repair in Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Jinling Hospital. Among the 21 cases, 17 patients were presented as ascending aortic intramural hematoma, 4 patients as active blood flow in false lumen and partial thrombosis, 8 patients as ulcer on descending aorta combined intramural hematoma in descending aorta, and 13 patients as typical dissection changes...
October 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648044/impact-of-admission-serum-total-cholesterol-level-on-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-aortic-dissection
#20
Xintian Liu, Xi Su, Hesong Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To find out the association between serum total cholesterol (TC) on admission and in-hospital mortality in patients with acute aortic dissection (AAD). METHODS: From January 2007 to January 2014, we enrolled 1492 consecutive AAD patients with serum TC measured immediately on admission. Baseline characteristics and in-hospital mortality were compared between the patients with serum TC above and below the median (4.00 mmol/L). Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to account for known confounders in the study...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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