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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338957/commuting-and-sleep-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-sue%C3%A3-o-ancillary-study
#1
Megan E Petrov, Jia Weng, Kathryn J Reid, Rui Wang, Alberto R Ramos, Douglas M Wallace, Carmela Alcantara, Jianwen Cai, Krista Perreira, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Phyllis C Zee, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Sanjay R Patel
INTRODUCTION: Commute time is associated with reduced sleep time, but previous studies have relied on self-reported sleep assessment. The present study investigated the relationships between commute time for employment and objective sleep patterns among non-shift working U.S. Hispanic/Latino adults. METHODS: From 2010 to 2013, Hispanic/Latino employed, non-shift-working adults (n=760, aged 18-64 years) from the Sueño study, ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, reported their total daily commute time to and from work, completed questionnaires on sleep and other health behaviors, and wore wrist actigraphs to record sleep duration, continuity, and variability for 1 week...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334985/role-of-sleep-duration-and-sleep-related-problems-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-among-children-and-adolescents
#2
Leonardo Pulido-Arjona, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Cesar Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos, María Correa-Rodríguez, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition that sleep is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between self-reported sleep duration, sleep-related problems and the presence of MetS in children and adolescents from Bogotá, D.C., Colombia. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis from the FUPRECOL study (2014-15). Participants included 2779 (54.2% girls) youth from Bogota (Colombia). MetS was defined as the presence of ≥3 of the metabolic abnormalities (hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-c], hypertension, and increased waist circumference) according to the criteria of de Ferranti/Magge and colleges...
January 15, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334713/-prevalence-and-influential-factors-of-stroke-in-jiangxi-province-in-2014
#3
W Zhou, B Zhang, X Huang, C J You, B M Zhan, R Q Yang, Y F Dong, J X Li, P Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, Q H Wu, H Su, H H Bao, X S Cheng
Objective: To discuss the prevalence and influential factors of stroke among population in Jiangxi Province. Methods: Four cities in urban areas and four counties in rural areas were selected firstly, in which two districts or townships were selected; and then three communities or villages were chosen from each district and township, respectively, using the simple random sampling (SRS) method. Finally 15 269 subjects aging 15 years old or above, living in Jiangxi Province ≥6 months were randomly selected to participate in this survey from November 2013 to August 2014...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333647/effect-of-sleep-duration-diet-and-physical-activity-on-obesity-and-overweight-elementary-school-students-in-shanghai
#4
Jing Zhang, YunTing Zhang, YanRui Jiang, WanQi Sun, Qi Zhu, Patrick Ip, DongLan Zhang, ShiJian Liu, Chang Chen, Jie Chen, Lei Zhang, Hao Zhang, MingYu Tang, WenFang Dong, YuFeng Wu, Yong Yin, Fan Jiang
BACKGROUND: This was a cross-sectional survey to investigate the relationship of age, parent education, sleep duration, physical activity, and dietary habits with overweight or obesity in school-age children in Shanghai. METHODS: The survey gathered information from 13,001 children in grades 1 through 5 (age 6 to 10 years) among 26 elementary schools in 7 districts. Activity level was evaluated using the International Children's Leisure Activities Study Survey Questionnaire (CLASS-C)...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333378/associations-between-self-reported-sleep-quality-and-duration-and-dietary-consumptions-psychological-symptoms-and-obesity-in-korean-adults
#5
Bori Kang, Miae Doo, Yangha Kim
Sleep pattern disruptions have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of obesity. This study was performed to investigate the association between sleep quality and sleep duration with dietary consumption, psychological factors, and obesity in Korean adults. A total of 288 Korean men and women who visited a public health center were included in this study. Data on general characteristics, health-related habits, psychological symptoms, dietary intake, and sleep patterns (including quality and duration) were collected using self-report questionnaires...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332862/using-relaxation-techniques-to-improve-sleep-during-naps
#6
Eden Debellemaniere, Danielle Gomez-Merino, Mégane Erblang, Rodolphe Dorey, Michel Genot, Edith Perreaut-Pierre, André Pisani, Laurent Rocco, Fabien Sauvet, Damien Léger, Arnaud Rabat, Mounir Chennaoui
Insufficient sleep is a common occurrence in occupational settings (e.g. doctors, drivers, soldiers). The resulting sleep debt can lead to daytime sleepiness, fatigue, mood disorder, and cognitive deficits as well as altered vascular, immune and inflammatory responses. Short daytime naps have been shown to be effective at counteracting negative outcomes related to sleep debt with positive effects on daytime sleepiness and performance after a normal or restricted night of sleep in laboratory settings. However, the environmental settings in the workplace and the emotional state of workers are generally not conducive to beneficial effects...
January 13, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332687/similarities-and-differences-in-estimates-of-sleep-duration-by-polysomnography-actigraphy-diary-and-self-reported-habitual-sleep-in-a-community-sample
#7
Karen A Matthews, Sanjay R Patel, Elizabeth J Pantesco, Daniel J Buysse, Thomas W Kamarck, Laisze Lee, Martica H Hall
OBJECTIVES: To compare estimates of sleep duration defined by polysomnography (PSG), actigraphy, daily diary, and retrospective questionnaire and to identify characteristics associated with differences between measures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community sample. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 223 Black, White, and Asian middle- to older-aged men and women residing in the Pittsburgh, PA area. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332686/no-evidence-for-an-epidemiological-transition-in-sleep-patterns-among-children-a-12-country-study
#8
Taru Manyanga, Joel D Barnes, Mark S Tremblay, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Stephanie T Broyles, Tiago V Barreira, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between socioeconomic status (SES; household income and parental education) and objectively measured sleep patterns (sleep duration, sleep efficiency, and bedtime) among children from around the world and explore how the relationships differ across country levels of human development. DESIGN: Multinational, cross-sectional study from sites in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, India, Kenya, Portugal, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332685/sleep-patterns-in-children-differ-by-ethnicity-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-analyses-using-actigraphy
#9
Tevita F W Vaipuna, Sheila M Williams, Victoria L Farmer, Kim A Meredith-Jones, Rosalina Richards, Barbara C Galland, Lisa Te Morenga, Rachael W Taylor
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether sleep patterns (duration, timing, efficiency) differ by ethnicity. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Dunedin, New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 939 children (48% male) aged 4-12 years (572 European, 181 Māori, 111 Pacific, 75 Asian). MEASUREMENTS: All measurements were obtained at months 0, 12, and 24. Anthropometry was obtained using standard techniques, and parents completed questionnaires assessing demographics, dietary intake, and television habits of children...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332684/racial-ethnic-sleep-disparities-in-us-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Dana Guglielmo, Julie A Gazmararian, Joon Chung, Ann E Rogers, Lauren Hale
Sleep is essential for optimal health, well-being, and cognitive functioning, and yet nationwide, youth are not obtaining consistent, adequate, or high-quality sleep. In fact, more than two-thirds of US adolescents are sleeping less than 8 hours nightly on school nights. Racial and ethnic minority children and adolescents are at an increased risk of having shorter sleep duration and poorer sleep quality than their white peers. In this review, we critically examined and compared results from 23 studies that have investigated racial/ethnic sleep disparities in American school-aged children and adolescents ages 6-19 years...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332681/sleep-duration-sleep-quality-and-sexual-orientation-findings-from-the-2013-2015-national-health-interview-survey
#11
Adena M Galinsky, Brian W Ward, Sarah S Joestl, James M Dahlhamer
INTRODUCTION: This study identifies associations between sleep outcomes and sexual orientation net of sociodemographic and health-related characteristics, and produces estimates generalizable to the US adult population. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: We used 2013-2015 National Health Interview Survey data (46,909 men; 56,080 women) to examine sleep duration and quality among straight, gay/lesbian, and bisexual US adults. Sleep duration was measured as meeting National Sleep Foundation age-specific recommendations for hours of sleep per day...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332679/socioeconomic-status-in-childhood-predicts-sleep-continuity-in-adult-black-and-white-men
#12
Karen A Matthews, J Richard Jennings, Laisze Lee
OBJECTIVES: Low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood may be associated with sleep in adulthood. We evaluated the relationships between SES in childhood through adolescence and into adulthood and sleep in midlife men. DESIGN: Prospective assessment of SES in childhood and adulthood. SETTING: Population-based study of 139 Black and 105 White men enrolled since age 7 and evaluated for sleep characteristics at age 32. MEASUREMENTS: Actigraphy and diary measures of sleep duration, continuity, and quality for 1 week...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332677/pilot-study-of-sleep-and-meal-timing-effects-independent-of-sleep-duration-and-food-intake-on-insulin-sensitivity-in-healthy-individuals
#13
Theresa Pizinger, Kyle Kovtun, Arindam RoyChoudhury, Blandine Laferrère, Ari Shechter, Marie-Pierre St-Onge
This pilot study tested the independent and interactive effects of sleep and meal times, under identical sleep duration and feeding conditions, on insulin sensitivity (Si) in overweight adults. Participants underwent a 4-phase randomized crossover inpatient study differing in sleep times: normal (Ns: 0000-0800 hours) or late (Ls: 0330-1130 hours); and in meal times: normal (Nm: 1, 5, 11, and 12.5 hours after awakening) or late (Lm: 4.5, 8.5, 14.5, and 16 hours after awakening). An insulin-modified frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test, at scheduled breakfast time, and a meal tolerance test, at scheduled lunch time, were performed to assess Si after 3 days in each condition...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332675/sleep-duration-and-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-the-multiethnic-cohort
#14
Gertraud Maskarinec, Simone Jacobs, Yvette Amshoff, Veronica W Setiawan, Yurii B Shvetsov, Adrian A Franke, Laurence N Kolonel, Christopher A Haiman, Loïc Le Marchand
OBJECTIVES: As an emerging risk factor for the rising incidence of type 2 diabetes, we examined sleep duration in relation to type 2 diabetes and several biomarkers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort recruited 1993-1996. SETTING: The Multiethnic Cohort in Hawaii and California. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 151,691 White, African American, Japanese American, Native Hawaiian, and Latino participants; 9695 cohort members had biomarker measurements...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330990/association-of-quality-of-sleep-with-cognitive-decline-among-the-patients-of-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-haemodialysis
#15
Usama Bin Zubair, Batool Butt
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the association between the subjective quality of sleep and cognitive decline among the patients of chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing haemodialysis. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 106 patients of chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing haemodialysis at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan were included in the final analysis. Cognitive decline was measured by British Columbia Cognitive Complaints Inventory (BC-CCI)...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330419/parkinson-disease-with-constipation-clinical-features-and-relevant-factors
#16
Qiu-Jin Yu, Shu-Yang Yu, Li-Jun Zuo, Teng-Hong Lian, Yang Hu, Rui-Dan Wang, Ying-Shan Piao, Peng Guo, Li Liu, Zhao Jin, Li-Xia Li, Piu Chan, Sheng-Di Chen, Xiao-Min Wang, Wei Zhang
Constipation is one of the most frequent non-motor symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD) and it may be ignored by PD patients, leading to this problem not to be reported in time. The relationships between constipation and demographic variables, motor symptoms and other non-motor symptoms of PD are still unknown. PD patients were evaluated by diagnostic criteria of functional constipation in Rome III and divided into PD with constipation (PD-C) and PD with no constipation (PD-NC) groups. PD patients were assessed by rating scales of motor symptoms and other non-motor symptoms, activity of daily living and quality of life...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329970/a-prospective-study-on-the-association-of-sleep-duration-with-grip-strength-among-middle-aged-and-older-chinese
#17
Tian Yu Wang, Yili Wu, Tong Wang, Yujie Li, Dongfeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal studies on sleep duration and grip strength decline are limited. This study aimed to evaluate the associations of baseline sleep duration with follow-up grip strength and grip strength changeover time among a large sample of middle-aged and older Chinese. METHODS: Data from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, CHARLS (2011-2015), were analyzed. Hand grip strength was measured by dynamometers twice with 4 years interval. Baseline self-reported nighttime sleep duration was collected by questionnaire...
January 9, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329461/high-heritability-of-adolescent-sleep-wake-behavior-on-free-but-not-school-days-a-long-term-twin-study
#18
A P Inderkum, L Tarokh
Adolescence development is characterized by significant changes in sleep biology. Despite an overall decline in sleep duration and a delay in bedtime, significant inter-individual variation in sleep has been reported. The aim of the current study was to examine genetic and environmental influences on sleep in adolescence using long-term (6-month) actigraphy measurements, differentiating between school and free days. Sixteen monozygotic (MZ; n = 32) and 10 dizygotic (DZ; n = 20) twin pairs (mean age 12.8 ± 1...
January 10, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327118/effect-of-cpap-therapy-on-liver-disease-in-patients-with-osa-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Xin Liu, Yuyang Miao, Fan Wu, Tingting Du, Qiang Zhang
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may play an important role in the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).The effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment, the first-line therapy for OSA, on liver disease in OSA patients is still debated. We provide this review of previous studies to summarize the effects of CPAP treatment on liver disease in OSA patients in aspects of liver function, liver steatosis, fibrosis, and incidence of liver disease. CPAP treatment may be beneficial to liver disease in subjects with OSA independent of metabolic risk factors, but a sufficiently long therapeutic duration (perhaps greater than 3 months) may be needed to achieve these positive effects...
January 11, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325962/systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-surgical-performance-practical-recommendations-for-microsurgical-procedures-in-neurosurgery
#20
Evgenii Belykh, Naomi R Onaka, Iraklii T Abramov, Kaan Yağmurlu, Vadim A Byvaltsev, Robert F Spetzler, Peter Nakaji, Mark C Preul
BACKGROUND: Microneurosurgical techniques involve complex manual skills and hand-eye coordination that require substantial training. Many factors affect microneurosurgical skills. The goal of this study was to use a systematic evidence-based approach to analyze the quality of evidence for intrinsic and extrinsic factors that influence microneurosurgical performance and to make weighted practical recommendations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search of factors that may impact microsurgical performance was conducted using PubMed and Embase...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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