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Switch hemodialysis

Talerngsak Kanjanabuch, Nuttha Lumlertgul, Lachlan J Pearson, Tanittha Chatsuwan, Krit Pongpirul, Asada Leelahavanichkul, Nisa Thongbor, Gunticha Nuntawong, Laksamon Praderm, Pantiwa Wechagama, Surapong Narenpitak, Apinya Wechpradit, Worauma Punya, Guttiga Halue, Phetpailin Naka, Somboon Jeenapongsa, Somchai Eiam-Ong
♦ Background: Melioidosis, an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. Although a wide range of clinical manifestations from this organism are known, peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) has rarely been reported. ♦ Patients and Methods: Peritoneal dialysis patients from all regions in Thailand were eligible for the study if they had peritonitis and either peritoneal fluid or effluent culture positive for B.pseudomallei Patient data obtained included baseline characteristics, laboratory investigations, treatments, and clinical outcomes...
October 13, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Zuray Corredor, Lara Rodríguez-Ribera, Irene Silva, Juan Manuel Díaz, José Ballarín, Ricard Marcos, Elisabet Coll, Susana Pastor
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients exhibit high levels of genetic damage. Part of this genetic damage is supposed to be caused by the hemodialysis (HD) therapy. Different and more efficient HD procedures could reduce the genetic damage and improve health status of CKD patients. In the present study, we analyzed if changing to online hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) has a beneficial effect on the levels of genetic damage. The levels of genetic damage (DNA breaks and oxidatively damaged DNA) were analyzed in peripheral blood lymphocytes by using the comet assay...
September 15, 2016: Mutation Research. Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
Timmy Lee, Mae Thamer, Yi Zhang, Qian Zhang, Michael Allon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Few studies have evaluated vascular access use after transition from peritoneal dialysis to hemodialysis. Our study characterizes vascular access use after switch to hemodialysis and its effect on patient mortality and evaluates whether a peritonitis event preceding the switch was associated with the timing of permanent vascular access placement and use. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: The US Renal Data System data were used to evaluate the establishment of a permanent vascular access in 1165 incident Medicare-insured adult patients on dialysis who initiated peritoneal dialysis between July 1, 2010 and June 30, 2011 and switched to hemodialysis within 1 year...
August 30, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Takatoshi Kakuta, Hirotaka Komaba, Nobuyoshi Takagi, Yuichiro Takahashi, Hajime Suzuki, Toru Hyodo, Mikako Nagaoka, Reika Tanaka, Soichiro Iwao, Mari Ishida, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Akira Saito, Masafumi Fukagawa
We compared interleukin-6 (IL-6) removal and induction between conventional polysulfone (Con) and TORAYLIGHT NV (NV) dialyzers in hemodialysis patients. Twenty patients on Con with high IL-6 concentrations (2.7-8.5 pg/mL) were randomized to Con or NV group. Dialyzer performance was determined in NV group while patients were on Con and after being switched onto NV. Erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) response index (ERI) was assessed every 4 months for one year. IL-6 clearance was comparable between Con and NV...
August 8, 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Scott Sibbel, Abigail Hunt, Suzanne Laplante, Werner Beck, Mary Gellens, Steven M Brunelli
Differences in dialyzer design may have consequences for patient outcomes. We evaluated the comparative effectiveness of commonly used dialyzers with respect to measures of dialysis treatment, anemia management, inflammation, and dialyzer clotting. Patients receiving hemodialysis between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, and using polyarylethersulfone-polyvinylpyrrolidone (PAS-PVP; Polyflux Revaclear) or polysulfone (PS; Optiflux 160 or Optiflux 180) dialyzers were followed for 1 year or until end of study or censoring for dialyzer switch, modality change, or loss to follow-up...
September 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Mohamed Shariful Islam, Zarih Alcheikh Hassan, Florence Chalmin, Sandor Vido, Mohamed Berrada, David Verhelst, Patrick Donnadieu, Olivier Moranne, Vincent L M Esnault
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis requires effective anticoagulation to avoid blood circuit clotting. In patients at high risk for bleeding, several alternative methods have been developed. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, randomized, crossover study evaluating the noninferiority of vitamin E-coated compared with heparin-coated dialyzers in a 4-hour heparin-free hemodialysis strategy. SETTINGS & PARTICIPANTS: 32 adult long-term hemodialysis patients from 2 French hemodialysis units with well-functioning fistulas or double-lumen catheters...
June 23, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Aida Habib, Anne-Claire Durand, Philippe Brunet, Jean-Christophe Delarozière, Bénédicte Devictor, Roland Sambuc, Stéphanie Gentile
PURPOSE: To analyze and compare survival of patients initially treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: We used data from the French REIN registry. We included all patients aged 18 years or more who started dialysis between 1st January 2004 and 12 December 2012 in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region (PACA). These patients were followed up until 30 June 2014. Survival curves were generated using the Kaplan-Meier technique and tested using the log-rank test...
July 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Wen-Sheng Liu, Hsiang-Lin Chan, Yen-Ting Lai, Ya-Hsu Yang, Hao-Wei Teng, Chih-Kuang Liu, Szu-Yuan Li, Chih-Yu Yang, Tsung-Yun Liu, Chih-Ching Lin
OBJECTIVE: The response of erythropoietic stimulating agents (ESA) in uremic patients may be associated with the changes of biochemical parameters, metal elements and inflammation status during the shift from one ESA to another. METHOD: We compared changes in above mentioned factors after switching from darbepoetin-α (DPO) 20μg weekly for 10 weeks to continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (CERA) 100μg monthly for 10 weeks in uremic patients on hemodialysis...
July 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Motoko Tanaka, Shigeyuki Miyamura, Tadashi Imafuku, Yuna Tominaga, Hitoshi Maeda, Makoto Anraku, Keishi Yamasaki, Daisuke Kadowaki, Yu Ishima, Hiroshi Watanabe, Tomoko Okuda, Kazuko Itoh, Kazutaka Matsushita, Masafumi Fukagawa, Masaki Otagiri, Toru Maruyama
A ferric citrate formulation for treating hyperphosphatemia is a new therapeutic that not only suppresses the accumulation of phosphorus in patients with chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorders (CKD-MBD), but also ameliorates anemia caused by iron deficiency. In contrast, it has been demonstrated that intravenous iron injection markedly increases oxidative stress. This study was designed to investigate the effect of a ferric citrate formulation on oxidative stress in CKD-MBD patients receiving hemodialysis therapy...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Naoshi Yoshida, Tetsuya Babazono, Ko Hanai, Yasuko Uchigata
We conducted this pilot study to examine efficacy and safety of switching from subcutaneous injection of insulin to oral administration of a DPP-4 inhibitor, vildagliptin, in type 2 diabetic patients undergoing hemodialysis. Consecutive type 2 diabetic patients on hemodialysis who were switched from insulin to vildagliptin between August 2010 and April 2011 were extracted from the hospital database. In patients whose post-switch increase in glycated albumin (GA) levels was <1.5 % without resuming insulin at least 24 weeks, the switch was defined as efficacious...
August 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
Shang-Chih Liao, Cheng-Chieh Hung, Chien-Te Lee, Chih-Hsiung Lee, Chin-Chan Lee, Chun-Liang Lin, Chiao-Yin Sun, Ben-Chung Cheng, Chih-Chao Yang, Chien-Hsing Wu, Jin-Bor Chen
This multicenter study was designed to assess the hemoglobin (Hb) stability and conversion ratio of the switch from epoetin beta to darbepoetin alfa in Taiwanese hemodialysis (HD) patients. A total of 135 HD patients were enrolled and randomized with intravenous darbepoetin alfa or epoetin beta. The study duration was 24 weeks. Equivalent doses and conversion ratios were assessed with respect to Hb stratification: low Hb (≥8.0 g/dL to ≤10.0 g/dL) and high Hb (>10.0 g/dL to ≤11.0 g/dL). The results showed stable Hb levels in the study period...
August 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Francesco Locatelli, Gabriel Choukroun, Matt Truman, Alfons Wiggenhauser, Danilo Fliser
INTRODUCTION: Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents and iron are commonly used in patients with chronic kidney disease with the aim of correcting anemia and maintaining stable hemoglobin levels. We analyzed pooled data from 13 studies with similar designs included in the Umbrella Continuous Erythropoietin Receptor Activator (C.E.R.A.) program to investigate the effects of continuous erythropoiesis receptor activator in clinically relevant subgroups of patients with chronic kidney disease and to determine whether the efficacy and safety outcomes demonstrated in the overall chronic kidney disease population are maintained in specific subgroups...
April 2016: Advances in Therapy
Tomoko Fujii, Mari Akashi, Seita Morishita, Masanori Fukumoto, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Takatoshi Kobayashi, Teruyo Kida, Maki Kagitani, Ichiro Morino, Tsunehiko Ikeda
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we report a case of proliferative diabetic retinopathy in a patient with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) in whom vitrectomy was performed with good results. CASE: A 57-year-old man presented with a chief complaint of decreased visual acuity (VA) in the left eye. Corrected VA of the left eye was 0.03, and ophthalmic examination showed fibrovascular membranes along the vascular arcade and a combined rhegmatogenous-traction retinal detachment with a macular hole...
January 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Ayub Akbari, Michelle Hladunewich, Kevin Burns, Felipe Moretti, Rima Abou Arkoub, Pierre Brown, Swapnil Hiremath
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in patients on chronic hemodialysis therapy, though unlikely, does happen rarely. Intensive hemodialysis is thought to offer a better survival advantage to the unborn child. Circulating angiogenic factors are helpful for prognostication of pregnant patients with chronic kidney disease who are not on dialysis. Data on their utilization in dialysis patients, however, are limited. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a patient with a history of interstitial nephritis who had a kidney transplant that failed after 8 years due to membranous nephropathy...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Kyu Sig Hwang, Eun Young Choi, Joon-Sung Park, Chang Hwa Lee, Chong Myung Kang, Gheun-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Because hemodiafiltration (HDF) involves large amounts of ultra-filtration and substitution fluid infusion, its effects on serum electrolytes may be different from those of hemodialysis (HD). Serum sodium and blood pressures were compared between patients undergoing online HDF and high-flux HD (HFHD). METHODS: Thirty-two of 101 patients on HFHD switched voluntarily to online HDF. Their pre- and postdialysis serum measurements were compared with those of the remaining 69 HFHD patients...
June 2013: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
Francesco Rapisarda, Roberta Aliotta, Barbara Pocorobba, Grazia Portale, Silvia Ferrario, Luca Zanoli, Pasquale Fatuzzo
Fungal infections have a high incidence in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis. (1)
Peritoneal dialysis is often complicated by peritonitis which has only minimally mycotic etiology, but nonetheless it is associated with 15-45% mortality (8).
 The opportunistic pathogens such as Candida can cause infection in immunocompromised conditions. Even the Acinetobacter tends to infect immunocompromised individuals and it has the same risk factors for infection as Candida: immunosuppression, malignancy, HIV positivity and all the other conditions of immunosuppression, central venous catheterization, mechanical ventilation and prolonged antibiotic therapy...
November 2015: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Satoru Mitsuboshi, Hitoshi Yamada, Kazuhiko Nagai, Hideo Okajima
BACKGROUND: Febuxostat is a novel xanthine oxidase inhibitor. However, few studies have examined the long-term efficacy and tolerability of febuxostat after switching from allopurinol in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Therefore, the present study evaluated the long-term efficacy and tolerability of febuxostat in HD patients after switching from allopurinol. FINDINGS: We monitored the levels of hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet count, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, serum sodium, serum potassium, serum chloride, serum calcium, serum inorganic phosphorus, aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, and total protein that were considered overall as a tolerability index, while the serum uric acid (UA) level was considered an index of efficacy...
2015: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
Bradley S Dixon, John M VanBuren, James R Rodrigue, Robert S Lockridge, Robert Lindsay, Christopher Chan, Michael V Rocco, Jacob J Oleson, Leigh Beglinger, Kevin Duff, Jane S Paulsen, John B Stokes
BACKGROUND: It is uncertain whether switching to frequent nocturnal hemodialysis improves cognitive function in well-dialyzed patients and how this compares to patients who receive a kidney transplant. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter observational study with longitudinal follow-up of the effect on cognitive performance of switching dialysis treatment modality from conventional thrice-weekly hemodialysis to frequent nocturnal hemodialysis, a functioning renal transplant or remaining on thrice-weekly conventional hemodialysis...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Radosław Grabysa, Zofia Wańkowicz
In recent years, increasing attention has been paid to pulmonary hypertension (PH) as a strong and independent risk factor for adverse outcome in the population of patients on long-term dialysis. Published results of observational studies indicate that the problem of PH refers mostly to patients on long-term hemodialysis and is less common in peritoneal dialysis patients. The main cause of this complication is proximal location of the arteriovenous fistula, causing chronically increased cardiac output. This paper presents the usefulness of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for measurement of the Tricuspid Annular Plane Systolic Excursion (TAPSE) in the early diagnosis of PH in dialysis patients...
2015: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Dawid Pieper, Tim Mathes, Mark Roger Marshall
BACKGROUND: A significant relationship exists between the volume of surgical procedures that a given center performs and subsequent outcomes. It seems plausible that such a volume-outcome relationship is also present in dialysis. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched in November 2014 for non-experimental studies evaluating the association between center volume and patient outcomes [mortality, morbidity, peritonitis, switch to hemodialysis (HD) or any other treatment], without language restrictions or other limits...
2015: BMC Research Notes
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