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Sleep disordered breathing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901005/characteristics-of-electroencephalogram-arousals-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-children-at-different-sleep-stages
#1
Da-Bo Liu, Yu-Jing Yao, Zhen-Yun Huang, Jian-Wen Zhong, Jia-Jian Xu, Shu-Yao Qiu, Shao-Feng Liu, Xin-Hua Yi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896991/temporal-order-of-disease-pairs-affects-subsequent-disease-trajectories-the-case-of-diabetes-and-sleep-apnea
#2
Mette K Beck, David Westergaard, Anders Boeck Jensen, Leif Groop, Søren Brunak
Most studies of disease etiologies focus on one disease only and not the full spectrum of multimorbidities that many patients have. Some disease pairs have shared causal origins, others represent common follow-on diseases, while yet other co-occurring diseases may manifest themselves in random order of appearance. We discuss these different types of disease co-occurrences, and use the two diseases "sleep apnea" and "diabetes" to showcase the approach which otherwise can be applied to any disease pair. We benefit from seven million electronic medical records covering the entire population of Denmark for more than 20 years...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891061/noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-chronic-heart-failure
#3
REVIEW
Hao Jiang, Yi Han, Chenqi Xu, Jun Pu, Ben He
Instruction and Objectives. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) alleviates sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and it may improve cardiac function in SDB patients. Because large randomized controlled trials directly evaluating the impact of NPPV on cardiac function are lacking, we conducted a meta-analysis of published data on effectiveness of NPPV in improving cardiac function in patients with chronic heart failure regardless of SDB presence. Methods. Controlled trials were identified in PubMed, OVID, and EMBASE databases...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890061/preoperative-screening-for-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
Erin E Bauer, Rebecca Lee, Yasmine N Campbell
Clinicians frequently underestimate or do not assess sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children in ambulatory surgical centers. Identifying the disorder and obtaining information relevant to anesthesia management can be assisted by the use of a standard questionnaire during preoperative assessment. We wanted to determine whether a preoperative screening tool increases clinician awareness of SDB in children and leads to a decrease in perioperative respiratory adverse events. We reviewed 21 articles to identify reliable screening tools for pediatric SDB in ambulatory surgical centers and selected six articles for the review...
December 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884004/precapillary-pulmonary-hypertension-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-is-there-a-link
#5
Robert Thurnheer, Silvia Ulrich, Konrad E Bloch
Among patients with sleep apnea the reported prevalence of precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) has varied largely, depending on patient selection, disease definition, and associated conditions, in particular chronic pulmonary disease. However, in the absence of comorbidities, PH seems to be rare in patients with sleep apnea. Conversely, sleep-related breathing disorders have been commonly found in patients with PH and they have been associated with an impaired quality of life. Since sleep-related breathing disorders may affect the pulmonary circulation and vice versa, patients with sleep-related breathing disorders should be evaluated for risk factors, symptoms and clinical signs of PH and right ventricular heart failure and patients with PH should be evaluated for sleep apnea...
November 25, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882399/-circadian-rhythm-influence-on-epworth-sleepiness-scale-score
#6
M Herzog, A Bedorf, C Rohrmeier, T Kühnel, B Herzog, T Bremert, S Plontke, S Plößl
BACKGROUND: The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) is frequently used to determine daytime sleepiness in patients with sleep-disordered breathing. It is still unclear whether different levels of alertness induced by the circadian rhythm influence ESS score. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of circadian rhythm-dependent alertness on ESS performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a monocentric prospective noninterventional observation study, 97 patients with suspected sleep-disordered breathing were investigated with respect to daytime sleepiness in temporal relationship to polysomnographic examination and treatment...
November 23, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878796/patent-foramen-ovale-a-novel-cardiovascular-risk-factor-in-patients-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-high-altitude-dwellers
#7
Emrush Rexhai, Urs Scherrer, Stefano F Rimoldi
Diseases associated with chronic hypoxaemia are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Western countries. Epidemiological data indicate that cardiovascular diseases contribute substantially to this problem, but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Sleep disordered breathing and high altitude exposure are frequent conditions associated with hypoxaemia. Recent evidence suggests that in these conditions the concomitant presence of a patent foramen ovale plays an important pathogenic role...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865065/how-do-we-recognize-the-child-with-osas
#8
Koen F Joosten, Helena Larramona, Silvia Miano, Dick Van Waardenburg, Athanasios G Kaditis, Nele Vandenbussche, Refika Ersu
Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing includes a spectrum of clinical entities with variable severity ranging from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The clinical suspicion for OSAS is most often raised by parental report of specific symptoms and/or abnormalities identified by the physical examination which predispose to upper airway obstruction (e.g., adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity, craniofacial abnormalities, neuromuscular disorders). Symptoms and signs of OSAS are classified into those directly related to the intermittent pharyngeal airway obstruction (e...
November 16, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863901/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-on-disorders-of-sleep-and-wakefulness-in-parkinson-s-disease-from-2005-to-2015
#9
REVIEW
Lama M Chahine, Amy W Amara, Aleksandar Videnovic
Sleep disorders are among the most common non-motor manifestations in Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a significant negative impact on quality of life. While sleep disorders in PD share most characteristics with those that occur in the general population, there are several considerations specific to this patient population regarding diagnosis, management, and implications. The available research on these disorders is expanding rapidly, but many questions remain unanswered. We thus conducted a systematic review of the literature published from 2005 to 2015 on the following disorders of sleep and wakefulness in PD: REM sleep behavior disorder, insomnia, nocturia, restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movements, sleep disordered breathing, excessive daytime sleepiness, and circadian rhythm disorders...
August 31, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863640/assessment-of-adenotonsillar-size-and-caregiver-reported-sleep-symptoms-among-3-6-year-old-children-undergoing-adenotonsillectomy
#10
Onur Balaban, Hina Walia, Dmitry Tumin, Kris R Jatana, Vidya Raman, Joseph D Tobias
INTRODUCTION: Adenotonsillectomy remains the accepted first-line treatment for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children. Tonsillar size may be especially relevant in risk stratification as it may impact symptoms of sleep disordered breathing (SDB). This study assesses correlations among subjective tonsillar grading, measured tonsillar size, and degree of adenoid obstruction in patients age 3-6 years with caregiver-reported symptoms. METHODS: Children 3-6 years old undergoing adenotonsillectomy for OSAS were enrolled prospectively...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863621/impact-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-the-quality-of-life-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#11
Mohd Nazir Othman, Goh Bee See, Hasniah Abdul Latif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861433/understanding-phenotypes-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-applications-in-anesthesia-surgery-and-perioperative-medicine
#12
Yamini Subramani, Mandeep Singh, Jean Wong, Clete A Kushida, Atul Malhotra, Frances Chung
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep-disordered breathing with potential long-term major neurocognitive and cardiovascular sequelae. The pathophysiology of OSA varies between individuals and is composed of different underlying mechanisms. Several components including the upper airway anatomy, effectiveness of the upper airway dilator muscles such as the genioglossus, arousal threshold of the individual, and inherent stability of the respiratory control system determine the pathogenesis of OSA...
November 17, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857964/women-with-postpartum-weight-retention-have-delayed-wake-times-and-decreased-sleep-efficiency-during-the-perinatal-period-a-brief-report
#13
K M Sharkey, G M Boni, J A Quattrucci, S Blatch, S N Carr
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed sleep and circadian rhythms across the perinatal period in new mothers with and without postpartum weight retention (PPWR). METHODS: Weight was measured at 2 and 16 weeks postpartum in 21 women with previous major depression or bipolar disorder (mean age 29.5±4.7 years) who self-reported pre-pregnancy weight during third trimester. Wrist actigraphy was acquired at 33 weeks gestation and postpartum weeks 2, 6, and 16. Circadian phase was measured at 33 weeks gestation and 6 weeks postpartum...
September 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857049/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-patients-with-epilepsy-a-polysomnographic-study
#14
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Epilepsy and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are relatively common disorders. SDB induces repetitive arousals and sleep fragmentation and may cause symptomatic epileptic seizures or hypoxic encephalopathy. Epileptic seizures change sleep architecture with increase of light sleep and reduction of REM sleep, which may lead to central apneas. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between SDB and daytime sleepiness in patients with epilepsy, who underwent polysomnography (PSG) due to problems with breathing during sleep or due to excessive daytime sleepiness...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855739/validation-of-polyvinylidene-fluoride-impedance-sensor-for-respiratory-event-classification-during-polysomnography-in-children
#15
Anne G Griffiths, Pallavi P Patwari, Darius A Loghmanee, Matthew J Balog, Irina Trosman, Stephen H Sheldon
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Polysomnography is the gold standard for diagnosis and characterization of severity of sleep-disordered breathing. Accuracy and reliability of the technology used are critical to the integrity of the study's interpretation. Strict criteria for obstructive sleep apnea in children are lacking and diagnosis often requires consideration of both frequency of respiratory events in addition to other measures. Current American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommendations for pediatric patients includes use of respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP) belts, whereas polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) belts are currently only acceptable for use in adults...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844222/the-role-of-compact-polysomnography-polygraphy-in-sleep-breathing-disorder-patients-management
#16
Marcello Bosi, Andrea De Vito, Claudio Vicini, Venerino Poletti
While managing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or suspicious OSA patients, the otorhinolaryngologist frequently has to deal with patients undergoing repeated polysomnography (PSG) or portable monitoring (PM) and, on the other hand, should be confident about the quality and consistency of the polysomnographic diagnosis. The main polysomnographic traces compressed in a unique epoch, defined as compact PSG/PM (CP), which should be reported in all PSG/PM report, could represent an efficient tool to confirm the quality of PSG/PM diagnosis and to recognize the sleep breathing disorders (SBD): OSA, no-OSA SBD and overlap of OSA with no-OSA SBD...
November 14, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842553/disharmony-between-wake-and-respiration-promoting-activities-effects-of-modafinil-on-ventilatory-control-in-rodents
#17
Jiro Terada, Isato Fukushi, Kotaro Takeda, Yohei Hasebe, Mieczyslaw Pokorski, Koichiro Tatsumi, Yasumasa Okada
BACKGROUND: Modafinil is a wake-promoting drug and has been widely used for daytime sleepiness in patients with narcolepsy and other sleep disorders. A recent case series reported that daily oral modafinil alleviated hypercapnic respiratory failure in patients with COPD. However, the precise action of modafinil on respiration such as hypercapnic and/or hypoxic ventilatory responses remains unclear. The aim of this study is to clarify the effect of modafinil on the ventilatory control...
November 14, 2016: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837378/nasal-nitric-oxide-improved-by-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-for-upper-airway-inflammation-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#18
Satoshi Hamada, Shuji Tatsumi, Yoshiki Kobayashi, Hirotaka Yasuba
PURPOSE: In this report, we examined the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and upper and lower airway inflammation based on nitric oxide (NO) measurements. METHODS: Study subjects included 51 consecutive participants. Sleep-disordered breathing was evaluated by a type 3 portable monitor and quantified by respiratory disturbance index (RDI). Airway inflammation was noninvasively analyzed by the measurement of nasally and orally exhaled NO; nasal value was presented as nasally exhaled NO minus orally exhaled NO...
November 12, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837376/associations-of-sedentary-time-and-moderate-vigorous-physical-activity-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-polysomnographic-sleep-in-community-dwelling-adults
#19
Christopher E Kline, Robert T Krafty, Suresh Mulukutla, Martica H Hall
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between daytime activity (sedentary time, moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity [MVPA]) and indices of polysomnographically (PSG) assessed sleep, including sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-six adults (65% female, 59.8 ± 9.1 years, body mass index [BMI] 30.3 ± 6.9 kg m(-2)) provided daily estimates of time spent in light-, moderate-, and vigorous-intensity activity for 6-14 days (mean 9...
November 11, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836648/sex-differences-in-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-adults
#20
REVIEW
Tijana Lozo, Dragana Komnenov, M Safwan Badr, Jason H Mateika
The prevalence of sleep disordered breathing is greater in men compared to women. This disparity could be due to sex differences in the diagnosis and presentation of sleep apnea, and the pathophysiological mechanisms that instigate this disorder. Women tend to report more non-typical symptoms of sleep apnea compared to men, and the presentation of apneic events are more prevalent in rapid compared to non-rapid eye movement sleep. In addition, there is evidence of sex differences in upper airway structure and mechanics and in neural mechanisms that impact on the control of breathing...
November 9, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
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