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Sleep disordered breathing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329042/longitudinal-cardiovascular-outcomes-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#1
Zarmina Ehsan, Stacey L Ishman, Thomas R Kimball, Nanhua Zhang, Yuanshu Zou, Raouf S Amin
Objectives: The presence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is known to impact long-term cardiovascular morbidity in adults; however, the long-term effects in children are poorly understood. We aimed to systematically review and synthesize studies published to date on the long-term effects of SDB in children. Study Design: Meta-analysis and systematic review using PubMed, CINAHL,Embase and Scopus (all indexed years). Methods: We searched for English-language articles containing original human data from prospective studies, with ≥7 participants, in children ≤18 years of age...
January 28, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325004/study-of-phase-estimation-methods-to-analyse-cardiorespiratory-synchronization-in-osa-patients
#2
Jordi Sola-Soler, Beatriz F Giraldo, Jose A Fiz, Raimon Jane
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder highly prevalent in the general population. Cardiorespiratory Phase Synchronization (CRPS) is a form of non-linear interaction between respiratory and cardiovascular systems that was found to be reduced in severe OSA patients. The Hilbert Transform (HT) method was the recommended choice for estimating the respiratory phase in CRPS studies. But we have noticed that HT provides a phase that is aligned to the transition between the exhalation and the inhalation parts of different breathing cycles, instead of being aligned to the breathing onsets...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324987/sleep-architecture-measurement-based-on-cardiorespiratory-parameters
#3
Alexander Tataraidze, Lyudmila Korostovtseva, Lesya Anishchenko, Mikhail Bochkarev, Yurii Sviryaev
This paper presents a method for the detection of wakeful state, rapid eye movement sleep (REM), light sleep (N1&N2) and deep sleep (N3&N4) based on cardiorespiratory parameters. Experiments were conducted with data of 625 subjects without sleep-disordered breathing selected from the SHHS dataset. Compared to previous studies, our method considers results of neighboring epochs classification and epoch position over record time. The method demonstrates Cohen's kappa of 0.57 ± 0.13 and the accuracy of 71.4 ± 8...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321966/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-chronic-heart-failure-is-highly-variable-when-measured-remotely-using-a-novel-non-contact-biomotion-sensor
#4
Kenneth McDonald, Rory O'Hanlon, Henry Oluwasefunmi Savage, Rami N Khushaba, Michael Colefax, Steven Farrugia, Faizan Javed, Klaus Schindhelm, Ian Wilcox, Martin R Cowie
We used a remotely monitored non-contact biosensor (SleepMinder™) to measure breathing during sleep (SDB) in a prospective study of 91 patients with stable class II to IV heart failure (HF). The device algorithm measures a surrogate of the traditional apnoea/hypopnoea index (AHI) measured in polysomnographic sleep studies. Data was transmitted daily to a central monitoring centre and analysed in consecutive 2-week blocks. A total of 37 465 nights over 3-24 months was analysed. An AHI of >15/h was considered clinically significant...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320604/sleep-disorders-in-children-with-moderate-to-severe-persistent-allergic-rhinitis
#5
Jessica Loekmanwidjaja, Ana Cláudia F Carneiro, Maria Lúcia T Nishinaka, Daniela A Munhoes, Gabriela Benezoli, Gustavo F Wandalsen, Dirceu Solé
INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis is associated with several complications, including sleep disorders. The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire has been recently translated and validated in Portuguese for the evaluation of sleep disorders in children. OBJECTIVE: To assess sleep disorders in children with moderate to severe persistent allergic rhinitis and to correlate the findings with disease severity markers. METHODS: We evaluated 167 children (4-10 years), 112 with allergic rhinitis and 55 controls...
February 27, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315149/can-myofunctional-therapy-increase-tongue-tone-and-reduce-symptoms-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#6
Maria Pia Villa, Melania Evangelisti, Susy Martella, Mario Barreto, Marco Del Pozzo
PURPOSE: Data in the literature suggest that myofunctional therapy (MT) may be able to play a role in the treatment of children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Our study investigated the effectiveness of MT in reducing respiratory symptoms in children with SDB by modifying tongue tone. METHODS: Polysomnographic recordings were performed at baseline to assess obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in 54 children (mean age 7.1 ± 2.5 years, 29 male) with SDB...
March 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306414/cross-sectional-comparison-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-native-peruvian-highlanders-and-lowlanders
#7
Luu V Pham, Christopher Meinzen, Rafael S Arias, Noah G Schwartz, Adi Rattner, Catherine H Miele, Philip L Smith, Hartmut Schneider, J Jaime Miranda, Robert H Gilman, Vsevolod Y Polotsky, William Checkley, Alan R Schwartz
Pham, Luu V., Christopher Meinzen, Rafael S. Arias, Noah G. Schwartz, Adi Rattner, Catherine H. Miele, Philip L. Smith, Hartmut Schneider, J. Jaime Miranda, Robert H. Gilman, Vsevolod Y. Polotsky, William Checkley, and Alan R. Schwartz. Cross-sectional comparison of sleep-disordered breathing in native Peruvian highlanders and lowlanders. High Alt Med Biol. 18:11-19, 2017. BACKGROUND: Altitude can accentuate sleep disordered breathing (SDB), which has been linked to cardiovascular and metabolic diseases...
March 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300569/obesity-as-an-effect-modifier-in-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-post-cardiac-surgery-atrial-fibrillation
#8
Roop Kaw, Samer El Zarif, Lu Wang, James Bena, Eugene Blackstone, Reena Mehra
INTRODUCTION: As the inter-relationships of objectively-ascertained sleep disordered breathing (SDB), post-cardiac surgery atrial fibrillation (PCSAF) and obesity remain unclear; we aimed to further investigate in a clinic-based cohort. METHODS: Patients with polysomnography (PSG) and cardiac surgery (coronary artery bypass surgery and/or valvular surgery) within 3 years, from January 2009 to January 2014 were identified excluding those with pre-existing AF. Logistic models were used to determine the association of SDB (apnea hypopnea index (AHI) per 5 unit increase) and secondary predictors [central sleep apnea (CSA) (central apnea index>5) and oxygen desaturation index (ODI)] with PCSAF...
March 11, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291799/high-risk-of-developing-subsequent-epilepsy-in-patients-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#9
Tomor Harnod, Yu-Chiao Wang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chun-Hung Tseng
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is often associated with other medical disorders. Whether SDB interacts with other factors for developing subsequent epilepsy remains unclear. METHODS: This population-based cohort study was conducted using the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Patients aged >20 years and diagnosed with SDB between 2000 and 2010 comprised the SDB cohort (n = 138,507), and their data were compared with those of the comparison cohort (n = 138,507)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281834/association-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-with-diabetes-associated-kidney-disease
#10
Stefan Stadler, Tanja Zimmermann, Franziska Franke, Myriam Rheinberger, Iris M Heid, Carsten A Böger, Michael Arzt
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes-associated kidney disease is characterized by impairment of renal function and albuminuria. The aim of the present study was to assess whether sleep-disordered breathing is associated with decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate or increased urine-albumin-to-creatinine-ratio independently from known modulators of diabetes-associated kidney disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Estimated glomerular filtration rate and urine-albumin-to-creatinine-ratio were determined in the baseline survey of the DIACORE-SDB substudy, a prospectively planned study of Diabetes mellitus 2 patients...
March 10, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277486/adult-quality-of-life-postcleft-palate-repair-a-comparison-of-two-techniques
#11
Rachel Skladman, Lynn Marty Grames, Gary Skolnick, Dennis C Nguyen, Sybill D Naidoo, Kamlesh B Patel, Jeffrey L Marsh, Albert S Woo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In 1989, the Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal published the first randomized prospective cleft surgery study, comparing the Kriens intravelar veloplasty (IVV) with a non-IVV 2-flap repair. Results in that and follow-up publications yielded no difference between the 2 groups for need for secondary velopharyngeal management. The subjects have now reached adulthood. This study was designed to ask: Is there any difference between the groups in the outcomes that multidisciplinary team care addresses: speech intelligibility, facial growth, breathing while awake and asleep, attainment of education, and long-term socioeconomic status? METHODS: Enrollees from the original published study were invited to participate in a survey...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276943/sleep-disruption-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#12
Mahboobeh Mahdavinia, Robert P Schleimer, Ali Keshavarzian
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disease of the upper airways and paranasal sinuses with a marked decline in quality of life (QOL). CRS patients suffer from sleep disruption at a significantly higher proportion (60 to 75%) than in the general population (8-18 %). Sleep disruption in CRS causes decreased QOL and is linked to poor functional outcomes such as impaired cognitive function and depression. Areas covered: A systematic PubMed/Medline search was done to assess the results of studies that have investigated sleep and sleep disturbances in CRS...
February 17, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273371/sleep-disordered-breathing-impact-on-efficacy-of-prolonged-exposure-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Christopher Reist, Andrea Gory, Michael Hollifield
There is growing evidence that sleep disturbances may impede the utility of existing therapeutic interventions for people with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This retrospective medical record review examined the hypothesis that sleep disturbance affects the outcome of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for PTSD. We identified 18 combat veterans with PTSD who had completed PE therapy. There were 6 subjects who had sleep-disordered breathing, 5 of whom were documented by sleep polysomnography. All subjects in the sleep-disordered group took part in a minimum of 10 sessions; the mean number of sessions was comparable between the sleep-disordered group and the group without a sleep disorder...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271512/scoping-review-of-pediatric-tonsillectomy-quality-of-life-assessment-instruments
#14
Stephen Shih-Teng Kao, Micah D J Peters, Nuwan Dharmawardana, Benjamin Stew, Eng Hooi Ooi
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Sleep-disordered breathing or recurrent tonsillitis have detrimental effects on the child's physical health and quality of life. Tonsillectomy is commonly performed to treat these common conditions and improve the child's quality of life. This scoping review aims to present a comprehensive and descriptive analysis of quality of life questionnaires as a resource for clinicians and researchers when deciding which tool to use when assessing the quality of life effects after tonsillectomy...
March 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270864/cerebral-palsy-and-sleep-disordered-breathing
#15
Andrew Morley
Despite the known correlation between neurodisability and sleep disordered breathing, cases are still missed http://ow.ly/2pNS305Kll3.
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270863/respiratory-problems-and-management-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury
#16
David J Berlowitz, Brooke Wadsworth, Jack Ross
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is characterised by profound respiratory compromise secondary to the level of loss of motor, sensory and autonomic control associated with the injury. This review aims to detail these anatomical and physiological changes after SCI, and outline their impact on respiratory function. Injury-related impairments in strength substantially alter pulmonary mechanics, which in turn affect respiratory management and care. Options for treatments must therefore be considered in light of these limitations...
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269458/towards-detection-of-sleep-apnea-events-by-combining-different-non-contact-measurement-modalities
#17
Abdul Q Javaid, Carlo M Noble, Russell Rosenberg, Mary A Weitnauer
In this work, we extract features from an under-the-mattress impulse radio ultra-wide band (IR-UWB) radar and a microphone, placed on the side table of the bed, to classify epochs belonging to normal sleep and those that contain an apnea event in them. Sleep apnea is the most common form of sleep related breathing disorder in adults with an estimated prevalance of 5-15%. The common diagnostic process for sleep apnea, polysomnography (PSG), involves sleeping in well-equipped sleep clinics. The cost and discomfort associated with the process has spurred research towards the design of portable home-based monitoring devices...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268990/obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-estimation-fusion-of-speech-based-systems
#18
D Ben Or, E Dafna, A Tarasiuk, Y Zigel
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep-related breathing disorder. Previous studies associated OSA with anatomical abnormalities of the upper respiratory tract that may be reflected in the acoustic characteristics of speech. We tested the hypothesis that the speech signal carries essential information that can assist in early assessment of OSA severity by estimating apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). 198 men referred to routine polysomnography (PSG) were recorded shortly prior to sleep onset while reading a one-minute speech protocol...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268988/a-new-algorithm-for-the-detection-of-sleep-apnea-events-in-respiration-signals
#19
Jungyoon Kim, Hisham ElMoaqet, Dawn M Tilbury, Satya-Krishna Ramachandran
Sleep apneas are the most common type of sleep-related breathing disorders which cause a patient to move from a good sleep into an inefficient sleep. In addition, sleep apnea widely impacts the American population and is a large cost for healthcare. Traditional detection methods of sleep apneas are complex, expensive, and invasive to most patients. Among the various physiological signals, respiration signals are relatively easy to be monitored. However, not many studies are conducted using respiration signal only, and most of the previous algorithms are insufficient to detect apnea events...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268910/estimation-of-macro-sleep-stages-from-whole-night-audio-analysis
#20
E Dafna, M Halevi, D Ben Or, A Tarasiuk, Y Zigel
During routine sleep diagnostic procedure, sleep is broadly divided into three states: rapid eye movement (REM), non-REM (NREM) states, and wake, frequently named macro-sleep stages (MSS). In this study, we present a pioneering attempt for MSS detection using full night audio analysis. Our working hypothesis is that there might be differences in sound properties within each MSS due to breathing efforts (or snores) and body movements in bed. In this study, audio signals of 35 patients referred to a sleep laboratory were recorded and analyzed...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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