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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637292/ten-year-real-life-effectiveness-of-coronary-artery-bypass-using-radial-artery-or-great-saphenous-vein-grafts-in-a-single-centre-chinese-hospital
#1
Yunpeng Zhu, Anqing Chen, Zhe Wang, Jun Liu, Junfeng Cai, Mi Zhou, Qiang Zhao
OBJECTIVES: Long-term effectiveness of coronary artery bypass grafting using radial artery (RA) or great saphenous vein (SVG) grafts as a second conduit was compared. METHODS: Patients received simple elective off-pump coronary artery bypass involving both the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and the left anterior descending artery between January 1999 and December 2005 at Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, China. RA graft patients ( n  = 147 LITA + RA and n  = 61 LITA + RA + SVG) were matched with SVG graft patients ( n  = 208 LITA + SVG)...
June 16, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637078/-update-cardiovascular-sleep-medicine
#2
Benedikt Linz, Michael Böhm, Dominik Linz
The prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is high in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Typical symptoms like daytime sleepiness can be absent and those patients may report unspecific, therapy-resistant symptoms related to their underlying disease. Particularly sleep-related symptoms like nocturia, nocturnal dyspnea and pectangina can be present. Based on the results of recently published studies, the treatment of central sleep apnea in patients with symptomatic, systolic heart failure by adaptive servo-ventilation is no longer recommended...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#3
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636129/the-52-nd-international-conference-on-medicinal-chemistry-rict-2016-of-the-french-medicinal-chemistry-society-sct-held-in-caen-normandy
#4
EDITORIAL
Janos Sapi, Luc Van Hijfte, Patrick Dallemagne
Outstanding Medchem in France: Guest editors Janos Sapi, Luc Van Hjfte, and Patrick Dallemagne look back at the 52(nd) International Conference on Medicinal Chemistry (RICT 2016) held in Caen, France. They discuss the history of the French Medicinal Chemistry Society (Société de Chimie Thérapeutique, SCT) and provide highlights of last year's events, including some key presentations now collected in this Special Issue.
June 21, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635971/exercise-among-women-with-ovarian-cancer-a-feasibility-and-pre-post-test-exploratory-pilot-study
#5
Xiaochen Zhang, Daniel McClean, Emily Ko, Mark A Morgan, Kathryn Schmitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To establish the feasibility and acceptability of completing a higher dose of the planned physical activity volume among women with ovarian cancer, including those undergoing active treatment. 
. DESIGN: A pre-/post-test exercise intervention. All participants were asked to complete 225 minutes per week of physical activity for 26 weeks. Multiple supports were provided, including exercise DVDs, self-reported logs, and an objective physical activity tracker (Fitbit®)...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634133/acute-severe-gastrointestinal-tract-bleeding-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-thromboembolism-and-death
#6
Naoyoshi Nagata, Toshiyuki Sakurai, Takuro Shimbo, Shiori Moriyasu, Hidetaka Okubo, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Chizu Yokoi, Mikio Yanase, Junichi Akiyama, Naomi Uemura
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with and without gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) to determine whether GIB increases the risks of thromboembolism and death. METHODS: We collected data from 522 patients with acute severe GIB and 1044 patients without GIB (controls, matched for age, sex, year of diagnosis, history of thromboembolism, and use of antithrombotic drugs) who underwent endoscopy at the National Center for Global Health and Medicine in Japan from January 2009 through December 2014...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633724/change-in-end-expiratory-lung-volume-during-sleep-in-patients-at-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#7
Patrick Koo, Eric J Gartman, Jigme M Sethi, Eyad Kawar, F Dennis McCool
STUDY OBJECTIVES: As lung volume decreases radial traction on the upper airway is reduced, making it more collapsible. The purpose of this study was to measure change in end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) following sleep onset and to evaluate the relationship between change in EELV and sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS: Twenty subjects underwent overnight polysomnography, of whom 14 (70%) had obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Change in EELV was measured throughout the night using magnetometry...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632830/-declaration-of-the-chilean-academy-of-medicine-of-law-20-850-on-clinical-trials-of-pharmaceutical-products-and-medical-devices-and-of-the-bylaw-that-will-regulate-its-application
#8
Gloría López, Gloría Valdés, Emilio Roessler, Vicente Valdivieso
In Chile, high cost treatments required by selected medical conditions are financed by the State, according to Law 20.850. A bylaw under discussion by the Senate regulates clinical trials, posing complex issues that will endanger local interest in front-line research: 1) The exclusive and mandatory control bestowed to the Institute of Public Health during all stages of the trials and also the surveillance of institutions performing clinical trials, overriding their Clinical Research Review Boards; 2) The 10 year period during which any adverse event is assumed to have been caused by the medication or devise evaluated by the trial, unless the contrary is proven in a judicial process; 3) Individuals submitted to the trials are entitled to free post trial access to the treatment received during the study, financed by the trial supporting entities and as long as the drug or devise is considered to be useful...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631441/genetic-landscape-and-deregulated-pathways-in-b-cell-lymphoid-malignancies
#9
R Rosenquist, S Beà, M-Q Du, B Nadel, Q Pan-Hammarström
With the introduction of next-generation sequencing, the genetic landscape of the complex group of B-cell lymphoid malignancies has rapidly been unravelled in recent years. This has provided important information about recurrent genetic events and identified key pathways deregulated in each lymphoma subtype. In parallel, there has been intense search and development of novel types of targeted therapy that 'hit' central mechanisms in lymphoma pathobiology, such as BTK, PI3K or BCL2 inhibitors. In this review, we will outline the current view of the genetic landscape of selected entities: follicular lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and marginal zone lymphoma...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630780/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-chinese-medicine-on-nonmotor-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Ka-Kit Chua, Adrian Wong, Kam-Wa Chan, Yin-Kei Lau, Zhao-Xiang Bian, Jia-Hong Lu, Liang-Feng Liu, Lei-Lei Chen, Ka-Ho Chan, Kim-Pong Tse, Anne Chan, Ju-Xian Song, Justin Wu, Li-Xing Zhu, Vincent Mok, Min Li
Nonmotor symptoms (NMS) of Parkinson's disease (PD) have devastating impacts on both patients and their caregivers. Jiawei-Liujunzi Tang (JLT) has been used to treat some NMS of PD based on the Chinese medicine theory since Qing dynasty. Here we report a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, add-on clinical trial aiming at evaluating the efficacy and safety of the JLT in treating NMS in PD patients. We randomly assigned 111 patients with idiopathic PD to receive either JLT or placebo for 32 weeks. Outcome measures were baseline to week 32 changes in Movement Disorder Society-Sponsored Revision of Unified PD Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) Parts I-IV and in NMS assessment scale for PD (NMSS)...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630157/pore-formation-by-dimeric-bak-and-bax-an-unusual-pore
#11
REVIEW
Rachel T Uren, Sweta Iyer, Ruth M Kluck
Apoptotic cell death via the mitochondrial pathway occurs in all vertebrate cells and requires the formation of pores in the mitochondrial outer membrane. Two Bcl-2 protein family members, Bak and Bax, form these pores during apoptosis, and how they do so has been investigated for the last two decades. Many of the conformation changes that occur during their transition to pore-forming proteins have now been delineated. Notably, biochemical, biophysical and structural studies indicate that symmetric homodimers are the basic unit of pore formation...
August 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629285/acute-movement-disorders-in-the-medical-setting
#12
Ifrah Zawar, Mario A Caro, Lara Feldman, Xavier F Jimenez
Objective Psychosomatic medicine psychiatrists are often tasked with the evaluation and treatment of complex neuropsychiatric states which may be motoric in phenotype. Little energy has been dedicated to understanding acute movement disorders in the hospital environment. Method Recognizing the importance of frontal-subcortical (corticostriatothalamocortical) circuitry and basal ganglia structures, we present a case series of acute movement disorder phenotypes resulting from underlying medical conditions, commonly-administered medications, or the interaction of both...
July 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628255/still-a-reasonable-goal-targeting-cholesterol-in-dialysis-and-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#13
EDITORIAL
Gunnar H Heine, Kyrill S Rogacev, Oliver Weingärtner, Gunther Marsche
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have a high burden of cardiovascular disease. In the general population, lipid metabolism disorders, which cause the initiation and progression of atherosclerotic vascular changes, are major targets for preventive and therapeutic strategies in cardiovascular medicine. However, data from large cohort studies and from clinical trials suggest that the treatment guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention and therapy cannot uncritically be transferred from individuals with intact renal function to CKD patients...
June 19, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627937/the-safety-of-intra-articular-injections-for-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-critical-narrative-review
#14
Christelle Nguyen, François Rannou
International guidelines recommend that the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) combine both nonpharmacological and pharmacological interventions. Intra-articular (IA) therapies are considered part of this multimodal approach and are well-established Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA)-approved treatments. Areas covered. Safety data for knee OA, including IA corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid, platelet-rich plasma and botulinum toxin are critically reviewed, and evidence- and pratice-based measures to improve safety of IA therapies are discussed...
June 19, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626370/donor-safety-in-haemapheresis-development-of-an-internet-based-registry-for-comprehensive-assessment-of-adverse-events-from-healthy-donors
#15
Hans-Gert Heuft, Eike Fischer, Tina Weingand, Thomas Burkhardt, Gerda Leitner, Hagen Baume, Jörg-Peter Schmidt, Andreas Buser, Gabriele Fauchald, Ute Reinicke Voigt, Behrouz Mansouri-Taleghani
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is an extensive but highly inconsistent body of literature regarding donor adverse events (AEs) in haemapheresis. As the reports diverge with respect to types and grading of AEs, apheresis procedures and machines, the range of haemapheresis-related AEs varies widely from about 0.03% to 6.6%. METHODS: The German Society for Transfusion Medicine and Immunohaematology (DGTI) formed a 'Haemapheresis Vigilance Working Party' (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Hämapheresevigilanz; AGHV) to create an on-line registry for comprehensive and comparable AE assessment with all available apheresis devices in all types of preparative haemapheresis: plasmapheresis (PLS), plateletpheresis (PLT), red blood cell apheresis, all kind of leukaphereses (autologous/allogeneic blood stem cell apheresis, granulocyte apheresis, lymphocyte/monocyte apheresis) and all possible types of multi-component apheresis...
June 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625240/-dynamic-changes-of-complement-level-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-its-relationships-with-myocardial-injury
#16
Aihong Shao, Xin Qi, Qi Li, Wenjun Jia, Liping Wei, Wenguang Hou, Yanfang Qi, Yue Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study relationships between myocardial injury and the levels of serum complement C3, C4 and C5b-9 in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: A retrospectively analysis was conducted. 170 ACS patients [including 110 cases of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 60 cases of non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS)] with ischemic chest pain or chest discomfort onset within the prior 12 hours admitted to the cardiology department of Tianjin Union Medicine Center from January 2014 to July 2016 were enrolled...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624760/how-do-smoking-cessation-medicines-compare-with-respect-to-their-neuropsychiatric-safety-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-network-meta-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#17
Kyla H Thomas, Deborah Caldwell, Michael N Dalili, David Gunnell, Marcus R Munafò, Matt Stevenson, Nicky J Welton
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking is one of the leading causes of early death in the UK and worldwide. Public health guidance recommends the use of varenicline, bupropion and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) as smoking cessation aids in the UK. Additionally, the first electronic cigarette has been licensed for use as a smoking cessation medicine. However, there are ongoing concerns about the safety of these medicines. We present a protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) to determine how these smoking cessation medicines compare to each other with respect to their neuropsychiatric safety in adult smokers...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624626/alternative-polyadenylation-patterns-for-novel-gene-discovery-and-classification-in-cancer
#18
Oguzhan Begik, Merve Oyken, Tuna Cinkilli Alican, Tolga Can, Ayse Elif Erson-Bensan
Certain aspects of diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of cancer patients are still important challenges to be addressed. Therefore, we propose a pipeline to uncover patterns of alternative polyadenylation (APA), a hidden complexity in cancer transcriptomes, to further accelerate efforts to discover novel cancer genes and pathways. Here, we analyzed expression data for 1045 cancer patients and found a significant shift in usage of poly(A) signals in common tumor types (breast, colon, lung, prostate, gastric, and ovarian) compared to normal tissues...
June 15, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623918/effects-of-herbal-medicine-for-dysmenorrhea-treatment-on-accompanied-acne-vulgaris-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Kwan-Il Kim, Hae Jeong Nam, Mia Kim, Junhee Lee, Kyuseok Kim
BACKGROUND: The incidence of preadolescent acne among women is increasing. Acne deteriorates the quality of life; conventional treatment options are limited and have not been effective against acne, particularly acne associated with menstruation. Despite evidence that acne associated with menstruation abnormalities naturally improves when menstruation recovers to normal, there have only been few studies on the effects of dysmenorrhea treatment on acne. Therefore- we designed this study to assess the effects of gyejibokryung-hwan (GBH) and dangguijagyag-san (DJS), which are widely used in dysmenorrhea treatment, on acne associated with menstruation cycle...
June 17, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621810/adherence-to-standards-for-reporting-diagnostic-accuracy-in-emergency-medicine-research
#20
Lucas Gallo, Nadia Hua, Mathew Mercuri, Angela Silveira, Andrew Worster
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic tests are used frequently in the emergency department (ED) to guide clinical decision-making and, hence, influence clinical outcomes. The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) criteria was developed to ensure diagnostic test studies are performed and reported to best inform clinical decision making in the ED. OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which diagnostic studies published in emergency medicine journals adhered to STARD 2003 criteria...
June 16, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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