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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900144/retrospective-epidemiological-study-of-burn-injuries-in-1717-pediatric-patients-10-years-analysis-of-hospital-data-in-iran
#1
Jafar Kazemzadeh, Reza Vaghardoost, Mostafa Dahmardehei, Soheila Rabiepoor, Ramyar Farzan, Ali Asghar Kheiri, Rahman Khosravy
Background: Burn injuries are considered an important preventable cause of injuries in children, and it still produces significant death in Iran. This study investigated the causes and severity of burns in patients. Methods: This study was retrospective descriptive study of children-burn injury in a referral Burn Care Center in Tehran, Iran during a ten-year period since 2005 to 2014. Data collection have been facilitated by using a specially designed checklist...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696294/ten-things-icu-specialists-need-to-know-about-direct-oral-anticoagulants-doacs
#2
Jakob Stensballe, Morten Hylander Møller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696293/the-ten-things-you-need-to-know-about-long-term-outcomes-following-paediatric-cardiac-surgery
#3
Katherine L Brown, Elisabeth Utens, Bradley S Marino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688046/exploring-good-practice-in-life-story-work-with-people-with-dementia-the-findings-of-a-qualitative-study-looking-at-the-multiple-views-of-stakeholders
#4
Kate Gridley, Yvonne Birks, Gillian Parker
Introduction Despite growing international interest in life story work as a tool for person-centred dementia care, there is little agreement on what constitutes good practice and little evidence from the perspectives of people with dementia or their family carers. Design and methods This paper reports the findings from the qualitative element of a larger study looking at the feasibility of evaluating life story work. Ten focus groups were held with 73 participants: four groups of people with dementia (25 participants); three with family carers (21 participants); and three with staff, professionals and volunteers with experience of life story work (27 participants)...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607675/-sharing-things-with-people-that-i-don-t-even-know-help-seeking-for-psychological-symptoms-in-injured-black-men-in-philadelphia
#5
Sara F Jacoby, John A Rich, Jessica L Webster, Therese S Richmond
OBJECTIVES: Psychological distress is common in survivors of traumatic injury, yet across United States' trauma systems, it is rare that standard injury care integrates psychological evaluation and professional mental healthcare. The purpose of this study was to explore help-seeking for psychological symptoms in injured Black men living in Philadelphia. DESIGN: A subset of a cohort of 551 injured Black men admitted to a Trauma Center in Philadelphia participated in qualitative interviews that explored their perceptions of psychological symptoms after injury and the factors that guided their decision to seek professional mental health help...
April 1, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521173/fixed-ratio-combination-therapy-for-type-2-diabetes-the-top-ten-things-you-should-know-about-insulin-and-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-combinations
#6
Ian Blumer, Jeremy H Pettus, Tricia Santos Cavaiola
Many individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) will eventually require insulin therapy to help achieve and maintain adequate glycemic control. However, the use of insulin can be associated with adverse effects such as hypoglycemia and weight gain, and in some patients the addition of insulin to treatment regimens is often still insufficient to achieve target glycemic control. Combining basal insulin with a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) for the treatment of patients with T2D has been demonstrated to be effective and well tolerated, while mitigating many of the adverse events associated with giving either of these drug classes alone...
March 20, 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409339/ten-myths-about-work-addiction
#7
Mark D Griffiths, Zsolt Demetrovics, Paweł A Atroszko
Background and aims Research into work addiction has steadily grown over the past decade. However, the literature is far from unified and there has been much debate on many different issues. Aim and methods This paper comprises a narrative review and focuses on 10 myths about work addiction that have permeated the psychological literature and beyond. The 10 myths examined are (a) work addiction is a new behavioral addiction, (b) work addiction is similar to other behavioral addictions, (c) there are only psychosocial consequences of work addiction, (d) work addiction and workaholism are the same thing, (e) work addiction exclusively occurs as a consequence of individual personality factors, (f) work addiction only occurs in adulthood, (g) some types of work addiction are positive, (h) work addiction is a transient behavioral pattern related to situational factors, (i) work addiction is a function of the time spent engaging in work, and (j) work addiction is an example of overpathogizing everyday behavior and it will never be classed as a mental disorder in the DSM...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337290/threefold-growth-efficiency-improvement-of-silica-nanosprings-by-using-silica-nanosprings-as-a-substrate
#8
Giancarlo Corti, Justin Brown, Negar Rajabi, D N McIlroy
The growth efficiency of one-dimension (1D) nanostructures via the vapor-liquid-solid process is commonly attributed to parameters such as precursor vapor pressure, substrate temperature, and the choice of the catalyst. The work presented herein is an investigation of the use of silica nanosprings (SNs) as a 3D substrate for improving the growth efficiency of SN themselves. SNs are a 1D nanomaterial that form a nonwoven structure with optimal geometric characteristics and surface properties that mitigate collisions between growing nanosprings and ripening of the gold catalyst, which should improve SN yield...
March 16, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249777/-relationship-between-exercise-adherence-and-personality-characteristics-in-persons-experienced-in-the-medical-fitness-program
#9
Yuko Yamashita, Nao Seki, Kimie Umeda, Naohito Tanabe, Kunihiko Shinoda, Isamu Konishi, Akiyoshi Sekiya, Akiko Sekii, Tamaki Ohta
Objective We examined effective exercise adherence support methods for persons experienced in the Medical Fitness (MF) program to clarify the relation of personality traits with exercise adherence and the factors that improve exercise adherence.Methods Subjects were 283 adults who had registered as members in the MF program at an affiliate of Hospital A. We implemented an anonymous self-administered questionnaire by postal mail. Using the Japanese version of the Ten Item Personality Inventory (which contains 10 items that measure the Big Five personality traits), we evaluated the following characteristics: "Extraversion", "Agreeableness", "Conscientiousness", "Neuroticism", and "Openness"...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081316/conditions-of-life-and-death-of-psychiatric-patients-in-france-during-world-war-ii-euthanasia-or-collateral-casualties
#10
Patrick Lemoine, Stephen M Stahl
Between 1940 and 1944, an estimated 48,588 patients resident in French psychiatric hospitals died of starvation. Standard prisons, while facing similar problems, did not experience the same number of deaths by starvation, partly due to their ability to develop a black market for food and rations. Patients in psychiatric hospitals, on the other hand, were completely at the mercy of their doctors and the personnel in charge. At Hôpital du Vinatier, a psychiatric facility in Lyon, the mortality rate increased sharply from 1940 to 1944...
April 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892595/urolithiasis-ten-things-every-general-practitioner-should-know
#11
James Sewell, Darren J Katz, Ohad Shoshany, Christopher Love
BACKGROUND: Upper urinary tract stones are a common problem in Australia, with an incidence of 0.13% per year, and a lifetime prevalence of up to 15% in males and 8% in females. Many of these patients first present to general practitioners (GPs), so a thorough understanding of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of stone disease is an important part of any GP's arsenal. OBJECTIVE: In this article, we present evidence-based guidelines regarding urolithiasis, from diagnosis, through to conservative and operative management, and prevention, as a reference for GPs and other primary care physicians...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859976/structural-and-mechanistic-comparison-of-the-cyclopropane-mycolic-acid-synthases-cmas-protein-family-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#12
Lucas A Defelipe, Federico Osman, Marcelo A Marti, Adrián G Turjanski
Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic disease caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis(Mtb) and remains a leading cause of mortality worldwide. The bacteria has an external wall which protects it from being killed, and the enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of the cell wall components have been proposed as promising targets for future drug development efforts. Cyclopropane Mycolic Acid Synthases (CMAS) constitute a group of ten homologous enzymes which belong to the mycolic acid biosynthesis pathway. These enzymes have S-adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM) dependent methyltransferase activity with a peculiarity, each one of them has strong substrate selectivity and reaction specificity, being able to produce among other things cyclopropanes or methyl-alcohol groups from the lipid olefin group...
March 29, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825888/ten-things-you-might-not-know-about-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#13
REVIEW
Heike E Daldrup-Link
Amid mounting concerns about nephrogenic sclerosis and gadolinium deposition in the brain, physicians and patients alike are starting to question the use of gadolinium chelates for clinical magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The search for safer alternatives is currently underway. In North America, the iron supplement ferumoxytol has gained considerable interest as an MR contrast agent. In Europe, ferumoxtran-10 is entering phase III clinical trials. As these agents are starting to be used by a new generation of radiologists, important clinical questions have re-emerged, including those that have been answered in the past...
September 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807699/communication-challenges-of-oncologists-and-intensivists-caring-for-pediatric-oncology-patients-a-qualitative-study
#14
Folasade Odeniyi, Pamela G Nathanson, Theodore E Schall, Jennifer K Walter
CONTEXT: The families of oncology patients requiring intensive care often face increasing complexity in communication with their providers, particularly when patients are cared for by providers from different disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe experiences and challenges faced by pediatric oncologists and intensivists and how the oncologist-intensivist relationship impacts communication and initiation of goals of care discussions (GCDs)...
December 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770342/subconstructs-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-a-multi-ethnic-inner-city-population-in-the-u-s
#15
Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Perry E Sheffield, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Jonathan Goldstein, Paul C Curtin, Rosalind J Wright
The ten-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is one of the most widely used self-report measures of postpartum depression. Although originally described as a one-dimensional measure, the recognition that depressive symptoms may be differentially experienced across cultural and racial/ethnic groups has led to studies examining structural equivalence of the EPDS in different populations. Variation of the factor structure remains understudied across racial/ethnic groups of US women. We examined the factor structure of the EPDS assessed 6 months postpartum in 515 women (29% black, 53% Hispanic, 18% white) enrolled in an urban Boston longitudinal birth cohort...
December 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750913/identification-of-key-factors-in-consumers-adoption-behavior-of-intelligent-medical-terminals-based-on-a-hybrid-modified-madm-model-for-product-improvement
#16
Yupeng Liu, Yifei Chen, Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng
BACKGROUND: As a new application technology of the Internet of Things (IoT), intelligent medical treatment has attracted the attention of both nations and industries through its promotion of medical informatisation, modernisation, and intelligentisation. Faced with a wide variety of intelligent medical terminals, consumers may be affected by various factors when making purchase decisions. PURPOSE: To examine and evaluate the key influential factors (and their interrelationships) of consumer adoption behavior for improving and promoting intelligent medical terminals toward achieving set aspiration level in each dimension and criterion...
September 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719614/beat-id-towards-a-computationally-low-cost-single-heartbeat-biometric-identity-check-system-based-on-electrocardiogram-wave-morphology
#17
Joana S Paiva, Duarte Dias, João P S Cunha
In recent years, safer and more reliable biometric methods have been developed. Apart from the need for enhanced security, the media and entertainment sectors have also been applying biometrics in the emerging market of user-adaptable objects/systems to make these systems more user-friendly. However, the complexity of some state-of-the-art biometric systems (e.g., iris recognition) or their high false rejection rate (e.g., fingerprint recognition) is neither compatible with the simple hardware architecture required by reduced-size devices nor the new trend of implementing smart objects within the dynamic market of the Internet of Things (IoT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716460/ten-most-important-things-to-know-about-caring-for-transgender-patients
#18
REVIEW
Stuart R Chipkin, Fred Kim
Transgender people have a gender that is not in agreement with their birth sex. Previous barriers, including lack of provider knowledge, have created significant healthcare disparities for this population. Recent societal changes are increasing the numbers of transgender people seen by primary care practitioners. Ten key principles are provided to help primary care practitioners create more welcoming environments and provide quality care to transgender patients. Overall, all members of the healthcare team (primary and specialty) need to become aware of the transition process and maintain communication regarding risks, benefits, and goals...
November 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598741/toward-a-research-agenda-for-competency-based-medical-education
#19
Larry Gruppen, Jason R Frank, Jocelyn Lockyer, Shelley Ross, M Dylan Bould, Peter Harris, Farhan Bhanji, Brian D Hodges, Linda Snell, Olle Ten Cate
Competency-based medical education (CBME) is both an educational philosophy and an approach to educational design. CBME has already had a broad impact on medical schools, residency programs, and continuing professional development in health professions around the world. As the CBME movement evolves and CBME programs are implemented, a wide range of emerging research questions will warrant scholarly examination. In this paper, we describe a proposed CBME research agenda developed by the International CBME Collaborators...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587768/small-things-matter-implications-of-app-intracellular-domain-aicd-nuclear-signaling-in-the-progression-and-pathogenesis-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
REVIEW
Hassan Bukhari, Annika Glotzbach, Katharina Kolbe, Gregor Leonhardt, Christina Loosse, Thorsten Müller
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease with tens of millions of people affected worldwide. The pathogenesis is still poorly understood and various therapeutical approaches targeting the amyloid β (Aβ) peptide, a product of the amyloidogenic cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), failed. Moreover, a couple of studies critically questioned the relevance of Aβ in the pathogenesis of AD. Thus, new ideas need to be studied and one highly interesting hypothesis is the APP mediated signal transduction to the nucleus...
September 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
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