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RA nanoparticle

Zuyuan Luo, Siqi Zhang, Jijia Pan, Rui Shi, Hao Liu, Yalin Lyu, Xiao Han, Yan Li, Yue Yang, Zhixiu Xu, Yi Sui, En Luo, Yuanyuan Zhang, Shicheng Wei
The efficacy of stem cell-based bone tissue engineering has been hampered by cell death and limited fate control. A smart cell culture system with the capability of sequentially delivering multiple factors in specific growth stages, like the mechanism of the natural extracellular matrix modulating tissue formation, is attractive for enhancing cell activity and controlling cell fate. Here, a bone forming peptide-1 (BFP-1)-laden mesoporous silica nanoparticles (pep@MSNs) incorporated adhesion peptide, containing the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) domain, modified alginate hydrogel (RA) system (pep@MSNs-RA) was developed to promote the activity and stimulate osteo-differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in sequence...
February 10, 2018: Biomaterials
Yas Al-Hadeethi, Ahmad Umar, Rajesh Kumar, Saleh H Al-Heniti, Bahaaudin M Raffah
In this paper, we report the synthesis, characterization and ethanol sensing applications of CuO nanoparticles. The CuO nanoparticles were prepared by a facile, low-temperature hydrothermal method and characterized in detail in terms of their structural, morphological, compositional and crystalline properties, through different characterization techniques including X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) attached with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Minjeong Kim, Myoung Gil Choi, Ho Won Ra, Seung Bin Park, Yong-Joo Kim, Kyubock Lee
The encapsulation of living cells is appealing for its various applications to cell-based sensors, bioreactors, biocatalysts, and bioenergy. In this work, we introduce the encapsulation of multiple microalgal cells in hollow polymer shells of rhombohedral shape by the following sequential processes: embedding of microalgae in CaCO₃ crystals; layer-by-layer (LbL) coating of polyelectrolytes; and removal of sacrificial crystals. The microcapsule size was controlled by the alteration of CaCO₃ crystal size, which is dependent on CaCl₂/Na₂CO₃ concentration...
February 13, 2018: Materials
Komal Rao, Sabahat Aziz, Talat Roome, Anam Razzak, Bushra Sikandar, Khawar Saeed Jamali, Muhammad Imran, Tooba Jabri, Muhammad Raza Shah
Nanomedicines anticipate drug delivery to inflamed tissues in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with greater efficacy and lesser side effects. This study investigates the anti-arthritic potentials of Hesperidin (HP) loaded in gum acacia (GA) stabilized green silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). Synthesized GA-AgNPs were characterized through UV-vis spectrophotometer, zetasizer and atomic force microscope (AFM). The HP and its loaded NPs were tested for RA in Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) induced arthritis model. GA-AgNPs were found in nano-range size with negative charge, spherical shape and loaded increased HP amount...
January 30, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Xun Feng, Yang Chen
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an immune-mediated inflammatory disease that selectively attacks human joints. The common non-targeted treatment approaches lead to obvious side effect and systemtic complication for RA patients. Therefore, targeted drug delivery for treatment of RA has gained much attetntion in the past few years. In this paper, we reviewed the potential targets (folate receptor, angiogenesis, matrix metalloproteases, selectins, vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor, Fc-γ receptor) that could be utilized to facilitate the specific delivery of drugs to the inflammed synovium, and also presented different drug delivery systems for targeting RA, including the liposomes, various types of nanoparticles, polymeric micelles and the macromolecular prodrugs...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Drug Targeting
Eszter Szarka, Petra Aradi, Krisztina Huber, Judit Pozsgay, Lili Végh, Anna Magyar, Gergő Gyulai, György Nagy, Bernadette Rojkovich, Éva Kiss, Ferenc Hudecz, Gabriella Sármay
BACKGROUND: In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), anti-citrullinated protein/peptide antibodies (ACPAs) are responsible for disease onset and progression, however, our knowledge is limited on ligand binding affinities of autoantibodies with different citrulline-peptide specificity. METHODS: Citrulline-peptide-specific ACPA IgGs were affinity purified and tested by ELISA. Binding affinities of ACPA IgGs and serum antibodies were compared by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Shih-Yi Chuang, Chih-Hung Lin, Tse-Hung Huang, Jia-You Fang
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic and joint-related autoimmune disease, results in immune dysfunction and destruction of joints and cartilages. Small molecules and biological therapies have been applied in a wide variety of inflammatory disorders, but their utility as a therapeutic agent is limited by poor absorption, rapid metabolism, and serious side effects. To improve these limitations, nanoparticles, which are capable of encapsulating and protecting drugs from degradation before they reach the target site in vivo, may serve as drug delivery systems...
January 15, 2018: Nanomaterials
Tingting Fan, Fuhua Zhong, Ruiling Liu, Youhai H Chen, Ting Wang, Qingguo Ruan
Previous studies have shown that inflammatory mediators involved in the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are regulated by the Rel/nuclear factor-κB (Rel/NF-κB) transcription factor family. c-Rel, a member of the Rel/NF-κB family that is preferentially expressed by immune cells, is a risk factor for several inflammatory diseases including RA. In the current study, we investigated whether targeting c-Rel can be used to treat collagen-induced arthritis, an animal model for RA. c-Rel specific siRNA (siRel) delivered by nanoparticles was used to knockdown the expression of c-Rel...
January 8, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Edward V Ross, Gary S Chuang, Arisa E Ortiz, Scott A Davenport
BACKGROUND: High concentrations of sub-micron nanoparticles have been shown to be released during laser hair removal (LHR) procedures. These emissions pose a potential biohazard to healthcare workers that have prolonged exposure to LHR plume. OBJECTIVE: We sought to demonstrate that cold sapphire skin cooling done in contact mode might suppress plume dispersion during LHR. METHODS: A total of 11 patients were recruited for laser hair removal...
December 7, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Mahfoozur Rahman, Sarwar Beg, Firoz Anwar, Vikas Kumar, Ruhi Ubale, Richard T Addo, Raisuddin Ali, Sohail Akhter
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a very painful severe autoimmune disease with complex pathology characterized by progressive chronic inflammation, and devastation of the synovium, cartilage, and other joint-associated structures. Significant advances in research in the area of pathophysiology, diagnosis, drug development, and targeted delivery have led to improved RA therapy and better patient compliance. Targeted drug delivery using liposomal nanomedicines significantly alleviate the challenges with conventional anti-RA medications such as off-target effects, short biological half-life, poor bioavailability, high dose-related toxicity, etc...
2017: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Marta Machado-Pereira, Tiago Santos, Lino Ferreira, Liliana Bernardino, Raquel Ferreira
Inflammatory mechanisms triggered by microglial cells are involved in the pathophysiology of several brain disorders, hindering repair. Herein, we propose the use of retinoic acid-loaded polymeric nanoparticles (RA-NP) as a means to modulate microglia response towards an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective phenotype (M2). RA-NP were first confirmed to be internalized by N9 microglial cells; nanoparticles did not affect cell survival at concentrations below 100 μg/mL. Then, immunocytochemical studies were performed to assess the expression of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
Huachao Chen, Yurong Wang, Yongrong Yao, Shenglin Qiao, Hao Wang, Ninghua Tan
A programmed drug delivery system that can achieve sequential release of multiple therapeutics under different stimulus holds great promise to enhance the treatment efficacy and overcome multi-drug resistance (MDR) in tumor. Herein, multi-organelle-targeted and pH/ cytochrome c (Cyt c) dual-responsive nanoparticles were designed for combination therapy on resistant tumor. In this system (designated DGLipo NPs), doxorubicin (Dox) was intercalated into the DNA duplex containing a Cyt c aptamer, which subsequently loaded in the dendrigraftpoly-L-lysines (DGL) cores of DGLipo NPs, while cyclopeptide RA-V was doped into the pH-sensitive liposomal shells...
2017: Theranostics
Zijun Zhou, Jingzhe Yan, Tingting Sun, Xin Wang, Zhigang Xie
All-trans-retinoic acid (RA) is a non-toxic physiological metabolite of vitamin A. A paclitaxel (PTX) prodrug (RA-PTX) with high PTX content of 75% was synthesized via an easy condensation reaction. RA-PTX nanoparticles (RA-PTX NPs) were prepared through a nanoprecipitation method which increased the water solubility of PTX. RA-PTX NPs were spherical in shape and exhibited favorable structural stability in both water and the physiological environment. RA-PTX NPs possessed effective cellular uptake as revealed by confocal laser scanning microscopy and exerted potent cytotoxicity...
November 22, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Byul Bo Ra Choi, Jeong Hae Choi, Jin Woo Hong, Ki Won Song, Hae June Lee, Uk Kyu Kim, Gyoo Cheon Kim
Melanomas are fast growing high-mortality tumors, and specific treatments for melanomas are needed. Melanoma cells overexpress focal adhesion kinase (FAK) compared to normal keratinocytes, and we sought to exploit this difference to create a selectively lethal therapy. We combined gold nanoparticles (GNP) with antibodies targeting phosphorylated FAK (p-FAK). These conjugates (p-FAK-GNP) entered G361 melanoma cells and bound p-FAK. Treatment with p-FAK-GNP decreased the viability of G361 cells in a time dependent manner by inducing apoptosis...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Daniel B Rodrigues, Joaquim M Oliveira, Tírcia C Santos, Rui L Reis
The advances achieved by cell-based therapies to treat autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and multiple sclerosis (MS), despite promising, are still insufficient for the current demands. RA and MS therapeutic approaches follow world guidelines to use disease modifying drugs and biological agents which, regardless of some good results in clinical outcomes, are well known for several systemic secondary side effects. Dendrimers are custom-made nanoparticles with proved clinical potential, displaying proper size, chemistries, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
So-Ra Kim, Eun-Hee Kim
PURPOSE: Despite the high radioresistance of melanoma, unresectable lesions can be subjected to radiation treatment with the use of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as a dose-enhancing agent preferentially loaded on these lesions. The modality of single high-dose treatment has been investigated to confirm its therapeutic efficiency for AuNP-treated melanoma cells. This study explores the feasibility of utilizing AuNPs in fractionated radiation therapy of melanoma for further therapeutic gain...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Jinlong Zhao, Menghui Zhao, Changhui Yu, Xueyan Zhang, Jiaxin Liu, Xinwei Cheng, Robert J Lee, Fengying Sun, Lesheng Teng, Youxin Li
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by progressive cartilage and bone destruction. Activated macrophages that overexpress folic acid (FA) receptors play an important role in RA, due to their abundance in inflamed synovial membrane and joints. In an effort to deliver drugs to the inflamed tissues, multifunctional FA receptor-targeting and pH-responsive nanocarriers were developed. They were composed of lipids, polyethylene glycol (PEG)-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) forming a hydrophilic shell, FA around the hydrophilic shell as a targeting ligand, and poly(cyclohexane-1,4-diylacetone dimethylene ketal) (PCADK) and PLGA as a hydrophobic core...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Se-Jin Park, Seongchan Kim, Sung-Yon Kim, Noo Li Jeon, Joon Myong Song, Cheolhee Won, Dal-Hee Min
An improved cell conversion strategy for neural differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells is developed by incorporating functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) as an efficient delivery carrier of retinoic acid (RA), which is a pleiotropic factor required for initiation of neural differentiation. Traditional RA-mediated neural differentiation methods required either preactivation of the cells to the differentiating state by embryoid body (EB) formation or repetitive treatment of the differentiation factor...
October 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ra-Hye Kang, Ji-Yeong Kwon, Yeojin Kim, Sang-Min Lee
Chitosan is a biocompatible natural polysaccharide, which has been employed as a polymeric scaffold for versatile, systemic delivery platforms and for locally injectable gels with temperature-sensitive viscosity modulation. Despite the extensive investigation on the chemical modification strategies, however, most of the chitosan-based delivery platforms have been focused on the encapsulation of hydrophobic drugs, which can be simply adsorbed on the chitosan scaffolds by hydrophobic interaction via the postparticle-formation drug-loading process...
August 30, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Joo-Hyung Kim, Hodae Kim, Youngjin Choi, Doo Sung Lee, Jaeyun Kim, Gi-Ra Yi
Sub-100 nm colloidal mesoporous silica (CMS) nanoparticles are evaluated as an adhesive for hydrogels or biological tissues. Because the adhesion energy is proportional to the surface area of the nanoparticles, the CMS nanoparticles could provide a stronger adhesion between two hydrogels than the nonporous silica nanoparticles. In the case of 50 nm CMS nanoparticles with a pore diameter of 6.45 nm, the maximum adhesion energy was approximately 35.0 J/m(2) at 3.0 wt %, whereas the 10 wt % nonporous silica nanoparticle solution showed only 7...
September 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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