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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772960/solid-state-method-synthesis-of-sno%C3%A2-decorated-g-c%C3%A2-n%C3%A2-nanocomposites-with-enhanced-gas-sensing-property-to-ethanol
#1
Jianliang Cao, Cong Qin, Yan Wang, Huoli Zhang, Guang Sun, Zhanying Zhang
SnO₂/graphitic carbon nitride (g-C₃N₄) composites were synthesized via a facile solid-state method by using SnCl₄·5H₂O and urea as the precursor. The structure and morphology of the as-synthesized composites were characterized by the techniques of X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and N₂ sorption...
May 31, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749678/photofluidic-near-field-mapping-of-electric-field-resonance-in-plasmonic-metasurface-assembled-with-gold-nanoparticles
#2
Minwoo Kim, Ji-Hyeok Huh, Joohyun Lee, Hwi Je Woo, Kwangjin Kim, Dae-Woong Jung, Gi-Ra Yi, Mun Seok Jeong, Seungwoo Lee, Young Jae Song
We present a near-field mapping of electric fields from the individual superspherical and ultrasmooth gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and artificially assembled AuNP nanostructures by measuring the reconfiguration of an azobenzene-containing polymer(azo-polymer) film. Various configurations of AuNPs and the azo-polymer were studied with atomic force microscopy measurements and calculations. The interference was systematically studied with AuNP dimers of various gap distances and different embedding depth in the polymer film...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726952/porphyra-polysaccharide-derived-carbon-dots-for-non-viral-co-delivery-of-different-gene-combinations-and-neuronal-differentiation-of-ectodermal-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#3
Jiaxin Chen, Qiang Wang, Jie Zhou, Wenwen Deng, Qingtong Yu, Xia Cao, Jianping Wang, Fengxia Shao, Yang Li, Ping Ma, Myron Spector, Jiangnan Yu, Ximing Xu
In this study, multifunctional fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) were synthesized using a one-pot hydrothermal carbonization reaction, with the naturally-occurring porphyra polysaccharide (PPS) serving as a single carbon source for the first time and ethylenediamine (Ed) acting as the surface passivation agent. The resulting CDs enjoyed a high quantum yield (56.3%), excitation-dependent fluorescence, small size (<10 nm), spherical shape, uniform distribution, positive surface charge, low cytotoxicity and excellent ability to condense macromolecular plasmid DNA...
August 3, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702988/mesoporous-sno2-nanotubes-via-electrospinning-etching-route-highly-sensitive-and-selective-detection-of-h2s-molecule
#4
Peresi Majura Bulemo, Hee-Jin Cho, Nam-Hoon Kim, Il-Doo Kim
We report the facile synthesis of thin-walled SnO2 nanotubes (NTs) with numerous clustered pores (pore radius 6.56 nm) and high surface area (125.63 m(2)/g) via selective etching of core (SiO2) region in SiO2-SnO2 composite nanofibers (NFs), in which SnO2 phase preferentially occupies the shell while SiO2 is concentrated in the center of the composite NFs. The SiO2-etched SnO2 NTs are composed of ultrasmall crystallites (∼6 nm in size) originating from crystal growth inhibition by small SiO2 domains, which are partially segregated in the polycrystalline SnO2 shell during calcination...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673742/blue-light-potentiates-neurogenesis-induced-by-retinoic-acid-loaded-responsive-nanoparticles
#5
Tiago Santos, Raquel Ferreira, Emanuel Quartin, Carlos Boto, Cláudia Saraiva, José Bragança, João Peça, Cecília Rodrigues, Lino Ferreira, Liliana Bernardino
Neurogenic niches constitute a powerful endogenous source of new neurons that can be used for brain repair strategies. Neuronal differentiation of these cells can be regulated by molecules such as retinoic acid (RA) or by mild levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are also known to upregulate RA receptor alpha (RARα) levels. Data showed that neural stem cells from the subventricular zone (SVZ) exposed to blue light (405nm laser) transiently induced NADPH oxidase-dependent ROS, resulting in β-catenin activation and neuronal differentiation, and increased RARα levels...
September 1, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671761/uptake-of-retinoic-acid-modified-pmma-nanoparticles-in-lx-2-and-liver-tissue-by-raman-imaging-and-intravital-microscopy
#6
Turgay Yildirim, Christian Matthäus, Adrian T Press, Stephanie Schubert, Michael Bauer, Jürgen Popp, Ulrich S Schubert
A primary amino-functionalized methyl methacrylate-based statistical copolymer is covalently coupled with retinoic acid (RA) and a fluorescent dye (DY590) in order to investigate the feasibility of the RA containing polymeric nanoparticles for Raman imaging studies and to study the possible selectivity of RA for hepatic stellate cells via intravital microscopy. Cationic nanoparticles are prepared by utilizing the nanoprecipitation method using modified polymers. Raman studies show that RA functional nanoparticles can be detectable in all tested cells without any need of additional label...
July 3, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571554/methotrexate-in-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-mechanistic-insights-current-issues-and-novel-delivery-approaches
#7
P Rajitha, Raja Biswas, M Sabitha, R Jayakumar
Our review is focused on the use of methotrexate in drug therapy of two autoimmune diseases, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The article describes the pathogenesis of psoriasis and RA, the role of methotrexate in the treatment of these diseases with more focused review on the mechanism behind the clinical benefits of methotrexate therapy. Methotrexate due to its cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory and immune modulatory activities provides clinical benefits in the therapy of the selected diseases. This review also gives a panorama of the problems associated with the use of methotrexate in the selected diseases and the guidelines provided by FDA for its safe use...
May 31, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549973/targeted-delivery-of-rosmarinic-acid-across-the-blood-brain-barrier-for-neuronal-rescue-using-polyacrylamide-chitosan-poly-lactide-co-glycolide-nanoparticles-with-surface-cross-reacting-material-197-and-apolipoprotein-e
#8
Yung-Chih Kuo, Rajendiran Rajesh
Rosmarinic acid-loaded polyacrylamide-chitosan-poly(lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles (RA-PAAM-CH-PLGA NPs) were grafted with cross-reacting material 197 (CRM197) and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) for targeting of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and rescuing degenerated neurons. The polymeric nanocarriers were prepared by microemulsion, solvent diffusion, grafting, and surface modification, and CRM197-ApoE-RA-PAAM-CH-PLGA NPs were used to treat human brain-microvascular endothelial cells, RWA264.7 cells, and Aβ-insulted SK-N-MC cells...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549217/surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-active-gold-nanoparticles-with-enzyme-mimicking-activities-for-measuring-glucose-and-lactate-in-living-tissues
#9
Yihui Hu, Hanjun Cheng, Xiaozhi Zhao, Jiangjiexing Wu, Faheem Muhammad, Shichao Lin, Jian He, Liqi Zhou, Chengping Zhang, Yu Deng, Peng Wang, Zhengyang Zhou, Shuming Nie, Hui Wei
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with simultaneous plasmonic and biocatalytic properties provide a promising approach to developing versatile bioassays. However, the combination of AuNPs' intrinsic enzyme-mimicking properties with their surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activities has yet to be explored. Here we designed a peroxidase-mimicking nanozyme by in situ growing AuNPs into a highly porous and thermally stable metal-organic framework called MIL-101. The obtained AuNPs@MIL-101 nanozymes acted as peroxidase mimics to oxidize Raman-inactive reporter leucomalachite green into the active malachite green (MG) with hydrogen peroxide and simultaneously as the SERS substrates to enhance the Raman signals of the as-produced MG...
June 27, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532044/pancreatic-differentiation-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-in-activin-a-grafted-gelatin-poly-lactide-co-glycolide-nanoparticle-scaffolds-with-induction-of-ly294002-and-retinoic-acid
#10
Yung-Chih Kuo, Yu-Chuan Liu, Rajendiran Rajesh
The differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) in biomaterial scaffolds is an emerging area for biomedical applications. This study proposes, for the first time, the production of pancreatic cells from iPSCs in gelatin-poly(lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticle (PLGA NP) scaffolds. The porosity and swelling ratio of the scaffolds decreased with increases in gelatin and PLGA NP concentrations. The adhesion efficiency of iPSCs in gelatin-PLGA NP scaffolds was found to be higher at 6.7% (w/w) PLGA NP...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492285/prolonged-intracellular-accumulation-of-light-inducible-nanoparticles-in-leukemia-cells-allows-their-remote-activation
#11
Carlos Boto, Emanuel Quartin, Yijun Cai, Alberto Martín-Lorenzo, María Begoña García Cenador, Sandra Pinto, Rajeev Gupta, Tariq Enver, Isidro Sánchez-García, Dengli Hong, Ricardo Pires das Neves, Lino Ferreira
Leukaemia cells that are resistant to conventional therapies are thought to reside in protective niches. Here, we describe light-inducible polymeric retinoic acid (RA)-containing nanoparticles (NPs) with the capacity to accumulate in the cytoplasm of leukaemia cells for several days and release their RA payloads within a few minutes upon exposure to blue/UV light. Compared to NPs that are not activated by light exposure, these NPs more efficiently reduce the clonogenicity of bone marrow cancer cells from patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and induce the differentiation of RA-low sensitive leukaemia cells...
May 11, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476081/numerical-study-on-convective-heat-transfer-enhancement-in-horizontal-rectangle-enclosures-filled-with-ag-ga-nanofluid
#12
Cong Qi, Liyuan Yang, Guiqing Wang
The natural convection heat transfer of horizontal rectangle enclosures with different aspect ratios (A = 2:1 and A = 4:1) filled with Ag-Ga nanofluid (different nanoparticle volume fractions φ = 0.01, φ = 0.03, φ = 0.05 and radiuses r = 20 nm, r = 40 nm, r = 80 nm) at different Rayleigh numbers (Ra = 1 × 10(3) and Ra = 1 × 10(5)) is investigated by a two-phase lattice Boltzmann model. It is found that the Nusselt number enhancement ratios of two enclosures (A = 2:1 and A = 4:1) filled with Ag-Ga nanofluid (r = 20 nm) are the same compared with those of the water at the corresponding aspect ratio enclosure...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408733/high-performance-liquid-chromatography-hplc-quantification-of-liposome-delivered-doxorubicin-in-arthritic-joints-of-collagen-induced-arthritis-rats
#13
Hongqing Niu, Menghua Xu, Shuangtian Li, Junwei Chen, Jing Luo, Xiangcong Zhao, Chong Gao, Xiaofeng Li
BACKGROUND Neoangiogenesis occurring in inflamed articular synovium in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by enhanced vascular permeability that allows nanoparticle agents, including liposomes, to deliver encapsulated drugs to arthritic joints and subsequently improve therapeutic efficacy and reduce adverse effects. However, the targeting distribution of liposomes in arthritic joints during RA has not been quantitatively demonstrated. We performed this study to evaluate the targeting distribution of PEGylated doxorubicin liposomes in the arthritic joints of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
April 14, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382703/rationally-designed-ligand-independent-peptide-inhibitors-of-trem-1-ameliorate-collagen-induced-arthritis
#14
Zu T Shen, Alexander B Sigalov
Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1) is critically involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In contrast to cytokine blockers, therapeutic blockade of TREM-1 can blunt excessive inflammation while preserving the capacity for microbial control. However, the nature of the TREM-1 ligand(s) and mechanisms of TREM-1 signalling are still not yet well understood, impeding the development of clinically relevant inhibitors of TREM-1. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-arthritic activity of a novel, ligand-independent TREM-1 inhibitory nonapeptide GF9 that was rationally designed using the signalling chain homo oligomerization (SCHOOL) model of cell signalling...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371624/dextran-sulfate-nanoparticles-as-a-theranostic-nanomedicine-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#15
Roun Heo, Dong Gil You, Wooram Um, Ki Young Choi, Sangmin Jeon, Jong-Sung Park, Yuri Choi, Seunglee Kwon, Kwangmeyung Kim, Ick Chan Kwon, Dong-Gyu Jo, Young Mo Kang, Jae Hyung Park
With the aim of developing nanoparticles for targeted delivery of methotrexate (MTX) to inflamed joints in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an amphiphilic polysaccharide was synthesized by conjugating 5β-cholanic acid to a dextran sulfate (DS) backbone. Due to its amphiphilic nature, the DS derivative self-assembled into spherical nanoparticles (220 nm in diameter) in aqueous conditions. The MTX was effectively loaded into the DS nanoparticles (loading efficiency: 73.0%) by a simple dialysis method. Interestingly, the DS nanoparticles were selectively taken up by activated macrophages, which are responsible for inflammation and joint destruction, via scavenger receptor class A-mediated endocytosis...
July 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288894/endogenous-inspired-biomineral-installed-hyaluronan-nanoparticles-as-ph-responsive-carrier-of-methotrexate-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Md Mahmudul Alam, Hwa Seung Han, Shijin Sung, Jin Hee Kang, Keum Hee Sa, Hasan Al Faruque, Jungwan Hong, Eon Jeong Nam, In San Kim, Jae Hyung Park, Young Mo Kang
Methotrexate (MTX), an anchor drug for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), has been suffered from refractoriness and high toxicity limiting effective dosage. To mitigate these challenges, the ability to selectively deliver MTX to arthritis tissue is a much sought-after modality for the treatment of RA. In this study, we prepared mineralized nanoparticles (MP-HANPs), composed of PEGylated hyaluronic acid (P-HA) as the hydrophilic shell, 5β-cholanic acid as the hydrophobic core, and calcium phosphate (CaP) as the pH-responsive mineral...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212979/degradation-of-optical-and-surface-properties-of-resin-based-composites-with-distinct-nanoparticle-sizes-but-equivalent-surface-area
#17
Vinícius Esteves Salgado, Larissa Maria Cavalcante, Rafael R Moraes, Harry B Davis, Jack L Ferracane, Luis Felipe Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optical and surface properties of model resin-based composites made with distinct nanoparticle sizes but equalized surface area, among them, before and after ageing. METHODS: Model resin-based composites based on BisGMA/TEGDMA (50:50mol%) were loaded with three different fumed silica filler content (7nm/examethyldisilazane, 12nm/octylsilane, and 16nm/dimethylchlorosilane), but with equivalent surface area (BET method). The optical and surface properties of the disk-shaped specimens were measured in 24h after photoactivation (baseline) and repeated after water storage (90days at 37°C), and after abrasion (20,000 cycles of brushing)...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183178/mimicking-horseradish-peroxidase-and-nadh-peroxidase-by-heterogeneous-cu-2-modified-graphene-oxide-nanoparticles
#18
Shan Wang, Rémi Cazelles, Wei-Ching Liao, Margarita Vázquez-González, Amani Zoabi, Raed Abu-Reziq, Itamar Willner
Cu(2+)-ion-modified graphene oxide nanoparticles, Cu(2+)-GO NPs, act as a heterogeneous catalyst mimicking functions of horseradish peroxidase, HRP, and of NADH peroxidase. The Cu(2+)-GO NPs catalyze the oxidation of dopamine to aminochrome by H2O2 and catalyze the generation of chemiluminescence in the presence of luminol and H2O2. The Cu(2+)-GO NPs provide an active material for the chemiluminescence detection of H2O2 and allow the probing of the activity of H2O2-generating oxidases and the detection of their substrates...
March 8, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140833/nanoparticles-induced-apoptosis-of-human-airway-epithelium-is-mediated-by-prongf-p75-ntr-signaling
#19
Sreeparna Chakraborty, Vincent Castranova, Miriam K Perez, Giovanni Piedimonte
Environmental and occupational exposures to respirable ultrafine fractions of particulate matter (PM) have been implicated in the initiation and exacerbation of lung diseases. However, the precise mechanisms underlying production of cell damage and death attributed to nanoparticles (NP) on human airway epithelium are not fully understood. This study examined the role of neurotrophic pathways in NP-induced airway toxicity. Size and agglomeration of TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2-NP) and fine (TiO2-FP) particles were measured by dynamic light scattering...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123298/oxygen-and-indocyanine-green-loaded-phase-transition-nanoparticle-mediated-photo-sonodynamic-cytotoxic-effects-on-rheumatoid-arthritis-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes
#20
Qin Tang, Jianyu Cui, Zhonghua Tian, Jiangchuan Sun, Zhigang Wang, Shufang Chang, Shenyin Zhu
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy and sonodynamic therapy are developing, minimally invasive, and site-specific modalities for cancer therapy. A combined strategy PSDT (photodynamic therapy followed by sonodynamic therapy) has been proposed in this study. Here, we aimed to develop novel biodegradable poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolic acid) phase-transition nanoparticles simultaneously loaded with oxygen and indocyanine green (OI-NPs) and to investigate the cytotoxic effects and the potential mechanisms of OI-NP-mediated PSDT on MH7A synoviocytes...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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