Read by QxMD icon Read

otitis adults

M Khalid-Raja, K Tzifa
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the activity of paediatric otolaryngology services required for children with Down's syndrome in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: A review of the paediatric otolaryngology input for children with Down's syndrome was performed; data were obtained from the coding department for a two-year period and compared with other surgical specialties. RESULTS: Between June 2011 and May 2013, 106 otolaryngology procedures were performed on children with Down's syndrome...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Young-Eun Kim, Ye-Rin Lee, So-Youn Park, Kyung Suk Lee, In-Hwan Oh
Background. Otitis media (OM) is a common communicable disease that is associated with a substantial economic burden. However, no Korean studies have evaluated OM-related trends after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines. Purpose. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and economic burden of OM in Korea using nationally representative data. Methods. The burden of OM was estimated nationally representative data such as national health insurance claims data from 2012, based on the prevalence approach and the societal perspective...
2016: BioMed Research International
Karin Holm, Steffen Bank, Hanne Nielsen, Lena Hagelskjær Kristensen, Jørgen Prag, Anders Jensen
Fusobacterium necrophorum is a gram-negative anaerobic bacterium that is the causative agent of the invasive disease Lemierre's syndrome. In addition, it is also associated with peritonsillar abscess formation and otitis media in small children. Recent research has shown that F. necrophorum may be involved in pharyngotonsillitis especially in adolescent and young adults and that it may be the second most common bacterial cause of pharyngotonsillitis after Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A streptococci). Peritonsillar abscesses and Lemierre's syndrome due to F...
September 28, 2016: Anaerobe
Cheryl Clarkson, Flora M Antunes, Maria E Rubio
UNLABELLED: Sound deprivation by conductive hearing loss increases hearing thresholds, but little is known about the response of the auditory brainstem during and after conductive hearing loss. Here, we show in young adult rats that 10 d of monaural conductive hearing loss (i.e., earplugging) leads to hearing deficits that persist after sound levels are restored. Hearing thresholds in response to clicks and frequencies higher than 8 kHz remain increased after a 10 d recovery period. Neural output from the cochlear nucleus measured at 10 dB above threshold is reduced and followed by an overcompensation at the level of the lateral lemniscus...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Brian A Neff, Stephen G Voss, Matthew L Carlson, Erin K O'Brien, Joseph H Butterfield
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) is a variant of chronic otitis media that is characterized by the development of thick mucoid middle ear effusion, adult onset bronchial asthma, sinonasal polyposis, and aspirin sensitivity. EOM is typically refractory to corticosteroid therapy and surgical intervention. Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) has effectively treated hypereosinophilic syndrome in clinical trials; however, the efficacy of this medication for EOM treatment remains undefined...
September 26, 2016: Laryngoscope
Glenn Isaacson
Acute otitis media can be difficult to diagnose in an uncooperative, crying child. The vessels of the external auditory canal and tympanic membrane can engorge simulating acute otitis media. We examined and photographed the ears of children and young adults during a modified Valsalva maneuver to document the pattern of vascular congestion. Absent signs of middle ear effusion, lack of true tympanic membrane bulging, and normal pneumatic otoscopy help to differentiate the appearance of a crying child's ear from that seen in acute bacterial otitis media...
September 12, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Katarina Berling Holm, Johan Knutsson, Karin Strömbäck, Niklas Danckwardt Lillieström, Georgios Papatziamos, Andreas Rosenblad, Magnus Von Unge
CONCLUSION: The incidence of taste disturbance after stapes surgery is high (61.9%), whereas the majority (94.8%) recovers within 1 year. More severe surgical nerve trauma caused more disturbance, implying that the nerve should be handled carefully during surgery. OBJECTIVES: Patients operated on for otosclerosis seem more often to complain about post-operative taste disturbance than those operated on for chronic otitis media, although the chorda tympani nerve more seldom becomes maltreated in stapedotomy...
August 19, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Shangyuan Jiang, Thomas W Seale, Rong Z Gan
OBJECTIVE: The round window membrane (RWM) encloses the round window, the opening into the scala tympani (ST) from the middle ear. During the course of acute otitis media (AOM), structural changes of the RWM can occur that potentially affect sound transmission into and out of the cochlea. The relationship between such structural changes and conductive hearing loss during AOM has remained unclear. The focus of the current study was to compare the thickness distribution across the RWM surface between normal ears and those with AOM in the chinchilla...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Angela R Branche, Ann R Falsey
Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) are single-stranded, enveloped RNA viruses of the Paramyoviridaie family. There are four serotypes which cause respiratory illnesses in children and adults. HPIVs bind and replicate in the ciliated epithelial cells of the upper and lower respiratory tract and the extent of the infection correlates with the location involved. Seasonal HPIV epidemics result in a significant burden of disease in children and account for 40% of pediatric hospitalizations for lower respiratory tract illnesses (LRTIs) and 75% of croup cases...
August 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
G B Singh, D Kumar, K Aggarwal, S Garg, R Arora, S Kumar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the success rate of dry and wet temporalis fascia grafts in type I underlay tympanoplasty. METHODS: A prospective, randomised study was conducted. One hundred adult patients (males and females) with chronic suppurative otitis media (mucosal type) were divided into 2 groups of 50 each: one group underwent dry graft tympanoplasty and the other underwent wet graft tympanoplasty. Fibroblast count was calculated in dry and wet grafts. RESULTS: The dry graft and wet graft groups had overall surgical success rates of 82 and 90 per cent, respectively; this finding was not statistically significant...
August 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Timothy F Murphy, Aimee L Brauer, Antoinette Johnson, Charmaine Kirkham
Moraxella catarrhalis is a human respiratory tract pathogen that causes otitis media (middle ear infections) in children and respiratory tract infections in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In view of the huge global burden of disease caused by M. catarrhalis, the development of vaccines to prevent these infections and better approaches to treatment have become priorities. In previous work, we used a genome mining approach that identified three substrate binding proteins (SBPs) of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters as promising candidate vaccine antigens...
2016: PloS One
Tomoo Kishaba
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is one of the most common causes of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), particularly in young adults. Vital signs are usually normal except for temperature. On physical examination, general appearance is normal compared with that of typical pneumonia such as pneumococcal pneumonia patients. Mycoplasma sometimes causes ear infections such as otitis media. It is important to distinguish between typical pneumonia and atypical pneumonia such as mycoplasma pneumonia because having the right diagnosis allows for the use of the correct antibiotic to treat CAP while preventing development of drug-resistant bacteria and also decreasing medical cost...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
D L Muratov, M L Derbeneva, S P Efimova, Yu V Levina, A L Guseva
The rare clinical case of a patient with chronic otitis media and foreign body in the middle ear - a micro earphone in the tympanic cavity - is described in this article. The diagnostics, possible complications, and surgical treatment are discussed.
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
O V Fedorova, G B Shadrin
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of the local application of triderm for the treatment of diffuse external otitis. The study included 68 patients presenting with bacterial and fungal diffuse external otitis. The treatment in the form of local empiric therapy was continued till the results of microbiological treatment became apparent. The beneficial outcome achieved in 91.2% of the patients was clinically manifest as the regression of the inflammatory process in the external auditory meatus...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
V V Vishnyakov, Yu S Pravednikova
The objective of the present study was the comparative analysis of the surgical method employed for the treatment of exudative otitis medium, such as bypass surgery and laser myringotomy. The study included 125 patients suffering from the said pathology. The following two methods were used in cases of poor efficiency of conservative therapy: laser myringotomy with the use of a LUMENISc CO2-laser operated at a wavelength of 10.6 mcm with the SurgiTouch scanner and bypass of the tympanic cavity. Each of these methods was applied to treat 38 patients...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Kylie Mason
AIM: To estimate the number of deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to secondhand smoke in New Zealand. METHOD: Comparative risk assessment methods were used to estimate the attributable burden from second-hand smoke in children and non-smoking adults in New Zealand. Disease outcomes included were: ischaemic heart disease; stroke and lung cancer in adults; asthma; lower respiratory infections; otitis media; sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI); and low birthweight at term in children...
2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
Kazım Tekin, Medine Kara, Oğuz Güçlü, Halil Erdoğan, Fevzi Sefa Dereköy
OBJECTIVE: Chronic otitis media (COM) is a disorder characterized by perforation of the eardrum and hearing loss following chronic inflammation of the middle ear cavity, ossicules, and mastoid cells. Eustachian dysfunction plays an important role in COM etiopathogenesis and postoperative prognosis. The determinants of postoperative prognosis are still being researched. This study aimed to research the prognostic value of acoustic rhinometry (ARM) and rhinomanometry (RMM) in COM surgery in terms of eradication of the infection after operation, graft success, and hearing gain in operated cases...
April 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Tzu-Yen Huang, Kuen-Yao Ho, Ling-Feng Wang, Chen-Yu Chien, Hsun-Mo Wang
OBJECTIVE: Tympanoplasty is a common surgery for chronic otitis media. We analyzed the results of endoscopic and microscopic approaches for type 1 tympanoplasty in patients with simple chronic otitis media. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the records of 95 patients (100 ears) who underwent type 1 tympanoplasty from 2011 to 2014. Group 1 underwent tympanoplasty with a microscopic approach (50 ears), and Group 2 underwent tympanoplasty with an endoscopic approach (50 ears)...
April 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
I A Guchev, O I Klochkov, A I Sinopalnikov
Pneumococcal pneumonia and other diseases caused by pneumococci still remain the main factors of high morbidity and mortality rates throughout the world. Pneumococci as the leading pathogens of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), acute otitis media and sinusitis also cause a number of other serious systemic disorders including invasive infections with high mortality in spite of the antimicrobial resistance status and adequate antimicrobials choice. Pneumococcal infections are responsible for 5-35% or more of community-acquired pneumonias...
2016: Antibiotiki i Khimioterapii︠a︡, Antibiotics and Chemoterapy [sic]
Werner Albrich
Pneumococci are the leading bacterial causes of respiratory tract infections, bacteremia and meningitis. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) are effective and safe in young children. Their introduction led to significant reductions of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), pneumonia, otitis media and antibiotic-resistant pneumococcal infections. Beyond these effects in the vaccinated age groups, there is a reduction in nasopharyngeal pneumococcal carriage and therefore in transmission. This in turn led to marked reductions in IPD and pneumonia in non-vaccinated age groups, particularly elderly adults as evidence of herd protection...
2016: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"