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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764609/relationship-between-automation-trust-and-operator-performance-for-the-novice-and-expert-in-spacecraft-rendezvous-and-docking-rvd
#1
Jianwei Niu, He Geng, Yijing Zhang, Xiaoping Du
Operator trust in automation is a crucial factor influencing its use and operational performance. However, the relationship between automation trust and performance remains poorly understood and requires further investigation. The objective of this paper is to explore the difference in trust and performance on automation-aided spacecraft rendezvous and docking (RVD) between the novice and the expert and to investigate the relationship between automation trust and performance as well. We employed a two-factor mixed design, with training skill (novice and expert) and automation mode (manual RVD and automation aided RVD) serving as the two factors...
September 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731297/french-society-of-ent-sforl-guidelines-short-version-on-the-roles-of-the-various-treatment-options-in-childhood-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#2
B Pateron, R Marianowski, P-J Monteyrol, V Couloigner, M Akkari, F Chalumeau, P Fayoux, N Leboulanger, P Franco, M Mondain
OBJECTIVE: The authors present the guidelines of the French Society of ENT and Head & Neck Surgery (SFORL) on the role of the ENT physician in childhood obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). This section of the guidelines concerns the roles of the various medical and surgical treatment options. METHOD: A multidisciplinary work-group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the topic. Based on the retrieved articles and the group members' own experience, guidelines were drawn up, then read over by a reading group independent of the work-group...
May 3, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724481/waste-policies-gone-soft-an-analysis-of-european-and-swedish-waste-prevention-plans
#3
Nils Johansson, Hervé Corvellec
This paper presents an analysis of European and Swedish national and municipal waste prevention plans to determine their capability of preventing the generation of waste. An analysis of the stated objectives in these waste prevention plans and the measures they propose to realize them exposes six problematic features: (1) These plans ignore what drives waste generation, such as consumption, and (2) rely as much on conventional waste management goals as they do on goals with the aim of preventing the generation of waste at the source...
April 30, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723424/core-entrustable-professional-activities-in-clinical-pharmacology-for-entering-residency-value-of-interprofessional-health-care-teams-in-medication-prescribing-and-medication-error-prevention
#4
Lawrence J Cohen, Vera S Donnenberg, Peter H Wiernik, William C Newman, Nduka Amankulor
In recent years, health care has been increasingly delivered by interprofessional teams in the inpatient, outpatient, and transition-of-care arenas. For many reasons, effective communication between patient-centered care teams and patients is critically important in order to optimize care, ensure patient safety, and prevent medical and medication misadventures. In rapid-paced, high-stress medical environments, it is especially important to carefully evaluate the causes of all misadventures in a manner that avoids assigning blame and identifies the root causes and, through team activity, leads to development of remedies that reduce the likelihood of future misadventures...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719512/the-bodies-in-charge-of-animal-welfare-what-they-do-and-what-they-could-do
#5
REVIEW
Giuliano Grignaschi, Veronica Redaelli, Fabio Luzi, Massenzio Fornasier
The coming into force of the 2010/63/EU (Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2010) Standard, regarding the protection of animals used for scientific purposes, has made it mandatory for all establishments breeding, supplying, and using said animals to have an Animal Welfare Body (AWB). The establishment of a body such as the AWB represents a strong innovation compared to previous regulations (Dir. 86/609/CEE). Building from the key concept of the 3 Rs, European Community legislators acknowledged that the effective safeguard of animal welfare depends in large part on the professional skills of personnel in charge of their care and use...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716574/how-to-define-core-entrustable-professional-activities-for-entry-into-residency
#6
Ylva Holzhausen, Asja Maaz, Anna Renz, Josefin Bosch, Harm Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713908/when-to-trust-our-learners-clinical-teachers-perceptions-of-decision-variables-in-the-entrustment-process
#7
Chantal C M A Duijn, Lisanne S Welink, Harold G J Bok, Olle T J Ten Cate
INTRODUCTION: Clinical training programs increasingly use entrustable professional activities (EPAs) as focus of assessment. However, questions remain about which information should ground decisions to trust learners. This qualitative study aimed to identify decision variables in the workplace that clinical teachers find relevant in the elaboration of the entrustment decision processes. The findings can substantiate entrustment decision-making in the clinical workplace. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with medical and veterinary clinical teachers, using the structured consensus method of the Nominal Group Technique to generate decision variables...
April 30, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710333/creating-entrustable-professional-activities-to-assess-internal-medicine-residents-in-training-a-mixed-methods-approach
#8
David R Taylor, Yoon Soo Park, Christopher A Smith, Jolanta Karpinski, William Coke, Ara Tekian
Background: Competency-based medical education has not advanced residency training as much as many observers expected. Some medical educators now advocate reorienting competency-based approaches to focus on a resident's ability to do authentic clinical work. Objective: To develop descriptions of clinical work for which internal medicine residents must gain proficiency to deliver meaningful patient care (for example, "Admit and manage a medical inpatient with a new acute problem")...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699697/the-reliability-of-operative-rating-tool-evaluations-how-late-is-too-late-to-provide-operative-performance-feedback
#9
Ricardo J Bello, Meredith L Meyer, Damon S Cooney, Gedge D Rosson, Scott D Lifchez, Carisa M Cooney
BACKGROUND: Operative rating tools can enhance performance assessment in surgical training. However, assessments completed late may have questionable reliability. We evaluated the reliability of assessments according to evaluation time-to-completion. METHODS: We stratified assessments from MileMarker's™ Operative Entrustability Assessment by evaluation time-to-completion, using concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) between self-assessment and evaluator scores as a measure of reliability...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699431/examining-inventions-shaping-property-the-savants-and-the-french-patent-system
#10
Jérôme Baudry
In 1791, the Loi relative aux découvertes utiles instituted a new patent system in France. Because patents were seen as the expression of the natural right of inventors, prior examination was abolished. However, only a few years after the law was passed, an unofficial examination was reinstated, and it was entrusted to the Comité Consultatif des Arts et Manufactures - a consultative body composed of prominent scientists. I analyze the political significance of the involvement of the savants in the patent system, and based on the archives of the Comité, I study the scope and practicalities of the examination process, paying close attention to the ways through which the savants of the Comité directly intervened in the writing and drawing of specifications...
April 1, 2018: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686756/adapting-feedback-to-individual-residents-an-examination-of-preceptor-challenges-and-approaches
#11
Amanda Roze des Ordons, Adam Cheng, Jonathan Gaudet, James Downar, Jocelyn Lockyer
Background : Feedback conversations between preceptors and residents usually occur in closed settings. Little is known about how preceptors address the challenges posed by residents with different skill sets, performance levels, and personal contexts. Objective : This study explored the challenges that preceptors experienced and approaches taken in adapting feedback conversations to individual residents. Methods : In 2015, 18 preceptors participated in feedback simulations portraying residents with variations in skill, insight, confidence, and distress, followed by debriefing of the feedback conversation with a facilitator...
April 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679144/antithrombotic-therapy-in-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-should-we-change-our-practice-after-the-pioneer-af-pci-and-re-dual-pci-trials
#12
D Duerschmied, J Brachmann, H Darius, N Frey, H A Katus, W Rottbauer, A Schäfer, H Thiele, C Bode, Uwe Zeymer
The number of patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is increasing. Since these patients have a CHA2 DS2 -VASc score of 1 or higher, they should be treated with oral anticoagulation to prevent stroke. However, combination therapy with oral anticoagulation for prevention of embolic stroke and dual platelet inhibition for prevention of coronary thrombosis significantly increases bleeding complications. The optimal combination, intensity and duration of antithrombotic combination therapy is still not known...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676054/considering-the-interdependence-of-clinical-performance-implications-for-assessment-and-entrustment
#13
Stefanie S Sebok-Syer, Saad Chahine, Christopher J Watling, Mark Goldszmidt, Sayra Cristancho, Lorelei Lingard
INTRODUCTION: Our ability to assess independent trainee performance is a key element of competency-based medical education (CBME). In workplace-based clinical settings, however, the performance of a trainee can be deeply entangled with others on the team. This presents a fundamental challenge, given the need to assess and entrust trainees based on the evolution of their independent clinical performance. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to understand what faculty members and senior postgraduate trainees believe constitutes independent performance in a variety of clinical specialty contexts...
April 19, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629350/is-the-ghost-surgery-the-subject-of-legal-punishment-in-korea
#14
Seung Eun Hong, Min Ki Hong, Bo Young Park, Kyong Jae Woo, So Ra Kang
Purpose: Recently a controversy has arisen about so-called "ghost surgery" practices, and people have voiced their opinions for legal sanction against such practices, which clearly undermine the foundation of medical ethics. However, there has been a lack of legal basis for punishing those actions. The present study aims to examine which pre-existing legal provisions could be applied to regulate ghost surgery. Methods: The Korean Medical Service Act has a provision relating to informed consent to inhibit ghost surgery but does not include penalty provisions prohibiting ghost surgery itself...
April 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610713/ultrasound-for-volume-assessment-in-patients-with-shock-effectiveness-of-an-educational-intervention-for-fourth-year-medical-students
#15
Paul Kukulski, Michael Ward, Keme Carter
Objective Shock is a common emergency condition with high morbidity and mortality, and judicious fluid resuscitation can significantly affect outcomes. The use of a bedside echocardiogram and evaluation of the inferior vena cava (IVC) via ultrasound (US) for collapsibility can predict volume status. Additionally, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) Entrustable Professional Activities (EPA) 10 states that residents need to be able to address a patient with a critical illness, including hypotension, on Day 1 of residency...
January 30, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609893/evaluation-of-the-characteristics-of-a-workplace-assessment-form-to-assess-entrustable-professional-activities-epas-in-an-undergraduate-surgery-core-clerkship
#16
Vernon R Curran, Diana Deacon, Henry Schulz, Katherine Stringer, Craig N Stone, Norah Duggan, Heidi Coombs-Thorne
OBJECTIVE: Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) are explicit, directly observable tasks requiring the demonstration of specific knowledge, skills, and behaviors that learners are expected to perform without direct supervision once they have gained sufficient competence. Undergraduate level implementation of EPAs is relatively new. We examined the characteristics of a workplace assessment form (clinic card) as part of a formative programmatic assessment process of EPAs for a core undergraduate surgery rotation...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607103/unraveling-pbf-effects-beyond-impact-evaluation-results-from-a-qualitative-study-in-cameroon
#17
Manuela De Allegri, Maria Paola Bertone, Shannon McMahon, Idrissou Mounpe Chare, Paul Jacob Robyn
Introduction: Performance-based financing (PBF) has acquired increased prominence as a means of reforming health system purchasing structures in low-income and middle-income countries. A number of impact evaluations have noted that PBF often produces mixed and heterogeneous effects. Still, little systematic effort has been channelled towards understanding what causes such heterogeneity, including looking more closely at implementation processes. Methods: Our qualitative study aimed at closing this gap in knowledge by attempting to unpack the mixed and heterogeneous effects detected by the PBF impact evaluation in Cameroon to inform further implementation as the country scales up the PBF approach...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582059/assessment-considerations-for-core-entrustable-professional-activities-for-entering-residency
#18
Machelle Linsenmeyer, Leslie Wimsatt, Mark Speicher, James Powers, Stephen Miller, Emmanuel Katsaros
Context: In the process of analyzing entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for use in medical education, ten Cate and others identified challenges, including the need for valid and reliable EPA assessment strategies. Objective: To provide osteopathic medical schools with a database of assessment tools compiled from the literature to assist them with the development and implementation of robust, evidence-based assessment methods. Methods: MEDLINE, ERIC, PubMed, and other relevant databases were searched using MeSH keywords for articles outlining robust, evidence-based assessment tools that could be used in designing assessments for EPAs 1 through 6...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558240/weighing-entrustment-decisions-with-patient-care-during-residency-training
#19
Kevin J Kovatch, Mark E P Prince, Gurjit Sandhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551697/comprehensive-multicenter-graduate-surgical-education-initiative-incorporating-entrustable-professional-activities-continuous-quality-improvement-cycles-and-a-web-based-platform-to-enhance-teaching-and-learning
#20
Cheryl I Anderson, Marc D Basson, Muhammad Ali, Alan T Davis, Robert L Osmer, Michael K McLeod, Pam S Haan, Robert G Molnar, Andi N Peshkepija, John C Hardaway, Karen A Chojnacki, Christopher C Pfeifer, Jeffrey M Gauvin, Mark W Jones, M Ashraf Mansour
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly important for faculty to teach deliberately and provide timely, detailed and formative feedback on surgical trainee performance. We initiated a multicenter study to improve resident evaluative processes and enhance teaching and learning behaviors while engaging residents in their education. METHODS: Faculty from seven U.S. postgraduate training programs rated resident operative performances using the perioperative briefing, intraoperative teaching, debriefing model (BID) and rated patient visits/academic performances using the entrustable professional activities (EPAs) model via a web-based platform...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
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