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Stephen M Fiore, Travis J Wiltshire
In this paper we advance team theory by describing how cognition occurs across the distribution of members and the artifacts and technology that support their efforts. We draw from complementary theorizing coming out of cognitive engineering and cognitive science that views forms of cognition as external and extended and integrate this with theorizing on macrocognition in teams. Two frameworks are described that provide the groundwork for advancing theory and aid in the development of more precise measures for understanding team cognition via focus on artifacts and the technologies supporting their development and use...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Aizhan Tursunbayeva, Raluca Bunduchi, Massimo Franco, Claudia Pagliari
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to: (1) determine the prevalence and scope of existing research on human resource information systems (HRIS) in health organizations; (2) analyze, classify, and synthesize evidence on the processes and impacts of HRIS development, implementation, and adoption; and (3) generate recommendations for HRIS research, practice, and policy, with reference to the needs of different stakeholders. METHODS: A structured search strategy was used to interrogate 10 electronic databases indexing research from the health, social, management, technology, and interdisciplinary sciences, alongside gray literature sources and reference lists of qualifying studies...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
John Robert Bautista, Trisha T C Lin
BACKGROUND: Nurses' use of personal mobiles phones at work is a growing trend in healthcare organizations. Although recent studies have explored the positive and negative implications of nurses using personal mobile phones at work, none has yet analyzed the interactions of sociotechnical components (users, technology and policy) on nurses' use of personal mobile phones at work. OBJECTIVES: Identify sociotechnical interactions by analyzing each sociotechnical component (users, technology and policy) that affects nurses' use of personal mobile phones at work...
November 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Isaac Holeman, Tara Patricia Cookson, Claudia Pagliari
BACKGROUND: Poor governance impedes the provision of equitable and cost-effective health care in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although systemic problems such as corruption and inefficiency have been characterized as intractable, "good governance" interventions that promote transparency, accountability and public participation have yielded encouraging results. Mobile phones and other Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are beginning to play a role in these interventions, but little is known about their use and effects in the context of LMIC health care...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
Abdelbaki Laidoune, Med El Hadi Rahal Gharbi
BACKGROUND: The influence of sociocultural factors on human reliability within an open sociotechnical systems is highlighted. The design of such systems is enhanced by experience feedback. METHODS: The study was focused on a survey related to the observation of working cases, and by processing of incident/accident statistics and semistructured interviews in the qualitative part. In order to consolidate the study approach, we considered a schedule for the purpose of standard statistical measurements...
September 2016: Safety and Health At Work
Neville A Stanton, Catherine Harvey
Risk assessments in Sociotechnical Systems (STS) tend to be based on error taxonomies, yet the term 'human error' does not sit easily with STS theories and concepts. A new break-link approach was proposed as a alternative risk assessment paradigm to reveal the effect of information communication failures between agents and tasks on the entire STS. A case study of the training of a Royal Navy crew detecting a low flying Hawk (simulating a sea-skimming missile) is presented using EAST to model the Hawk-Frigate STS in terms of social, information and task networks...
September 7, 2016: Ergonomics
S Raquel Ramos, Peter Gordon, Suzanne Bakken, Rebecca Schnall
Federal regulations have encouraged the electronic sharing of protected health information (PHI). As an opt-in state, New York abides by an affirmative consent model where PHI is electronically shared only after written consent is obtained. The purpose of our study was to describe sociotechnical factors that influence health information exchange (HIE) consent for persons living with HIV (PLWH) at one clinic in New York City. We employed mixed methods to gather perceptions of facilitators and barriers to HIE consent...
November 2016: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
Barry Strauch
OBJECTIVE: I introduce the automation-by-expertise-by-training interaction in automated systems and discuss its influence on operator performance. BACKGROUND: Transportation accidents that, across a 30-year interval demonstrated identical automation-related operator errors, suggest a need to reexamine traditional views of automation. METHOD: I review accident investigation reports, regulator studies, and literature on human computer interaction, expertise, and training and discuss how failing to attend to the interaction of automation, expertise level, and training has enabled operators to commit identical automation-related errors...
September 1, 2016: Human Factors
Tonya Smith-Jackson, Rodney Middlebrooks, John Francis, Tiara Gray, Kaleb Nelson, Briana Steele, Kionda Townsend, Cedric Watlington
BACKGROUND: Open plan offices have proliferated for the past several decades with more and more workers being concentrated in office buildings. Several studies have identified a number of negative factors associated with open plan offices, and those include noise, speech interference, lack of privacy, and a perceived loss of control over work. While negative factors have been identified several times in the literature, many studies rely on either surveys or highly controlled environments...
August 12, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Tiago Santos Pereira, António Carvalho, Paulo F C Fonseca
This article explores the evolution of the nuclear energy debate and its associated controversies in the Portuguese parliament. The analysis focuses on the dictatorial regime of the New State (from the beginning of the nuclear program in 1951 until the 1974 revolution) and on the democratic period (post-1974). Portugal, as an exporting country of uranium minerals, significantly invested in the development of a national capacity in nuclear research, but never developed an endogenous nuclear power infrastructure...
August 8, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
Ma Rodrigo Juárez, Víctor M González, Jesús Favela
Technology can assist older adults to maintain an active lifestyle. To better understand the effect that technology has on aging perception, we conducted two studies. In the first study, through supraliminal priming, we analyzed the effects of aging- and technology-related stimuli on age estimation. In the second study, we conducted a technological intervention with a group of elders who used four interactive devices and analyzed effects on perceived aging. Results showed that technology-related stimuli did not affect estimated age...
August 4, 2016: Health Informatics Journal
Pamela Mazzocato, Terese Stenfors-Hayes, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Henna Hasson, Monica Elisabeth Nyström
OBJECTIVES: Kaizen, or continuous improvement, lies at the core of lean. Kaizen is implemented through practices that enable employees to propose ideas for improvement and solve problems. The aim of this study is to describe the types of issues and improvement suggestions that hospital employees feel empowered to address through kaizen practices in order to understand when and how kaizen is used in healthcare. METHODS: We analysed 186 structured kaizen documents containing improvement suggestions that were produced by 165 employees at a Swedish hospital...
2016: BMJ Open
Riaan Dirkse van Schalkwyk, Rigard J Steenkamp
A holistic review of ergonomic history shows that the science remains important for general occupational health and safety (OSH), the broad society, culture, politics and the design of everyday things. It provides an unconventional and multi- faceted viewpoint exploring ergonomics from a social, corporate and OSH perspective. Ergonomic solutions from this mind-set may re-define the science and it will change with companies that change within this socially hyper-connected world. Authentic corporate social responsibility (CSR) will counter "misleadership" by not approaching ergonomics with an afterthought...
July 28, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Neelam Naikar, Ben Elix
This paper proposes an approach for integrated system design, which has the intent of facilitating high levels of effectiveness in sociotechnical systems by promoting their capacity for adaptation. Building on earlier ideas and empirical observations, this approach recognizes that to create adaptive systems it is necessary to integrate the design of all of the system elements, including the interfaces, teams, training, and automation, such that workers are supported in adapting their behavior as well as their structure, or organization, in a coherent manner...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Lori R Hodges
This article examines the concept of community fragility in emergency management from a systems perspective. Using literature that addresses fragility in four areas of complex systems, including ecosystems, social systems, sociotechnical systems, and complex adaptive systems, a theoretical framework focused on the emergency management field is created. These findings illustrate how community fragility factors can be used in the emergency management field to not only improve overall outcomes after disaster but also build less fragile systems and communities in preparation for future disasters...
May 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
Shailaja Menon, Daniel R Murphy, Hardeep Singh, Ashley N D Meyer, Dean F Sittig
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) have potential to facilitate reliable communication and follow-up of test results. However, limitations in EHR functionality remain, leading practitioners to use workarounds while managing test results. Workarounds can lead to patient safety concerns and signify indications as to how to build better EHR systems that meet provider needs. OBJECTIVE: To understand why primary care practitioners (PCPs) use workarounds to manage test results by analyzing data from a previously conducted national cross-sectional survey on test result management...
2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
Eric Tham, Marguerite Swietlik, Sara Deakyne, Jeffrey M Hoffman, Robert W Grundmeier, Marilyn D Paterno, Beatriz H Rocha, Molly H Schaeffer, Deepika Pabbathi, Evaline Alessandrini, Dustin Ballard, Howard S Goldberg, Nathan Kuppermann, Peter S Dayan
INTRODUCTION: For children who present to emergency departments (EDs) due to blunt head trauma, ED clinicians must decide who requires computed tomography (CT) scanning to evaluate for traumatic brain injury (TBI). The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) derived and validated two age-based prediction rules to identify children at very low risk of clinically-important traumatic brain injuries (ciTBIs) who do not typically require CT scans. In this case report, we describe the strategy used to implement the PECARN TBI prediction rules via electronic health record (EHR) clinical decision support (CDS) as the intervention in a multicenter clinical trial...
2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
Stacy A Shiver, Karla Schmitt, Adrian Cooksey
The business of sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention and control demands technology that is capable of supporting a wide array of program activities-from the processing of laboratory test results to the complex and confidential process involved in contact investigation. The need for a tool that enables public health officials to successfully manage the complex operations encountered in an STD prevention and control program, and the need to operate in an increasingly poor resource environment, led the Florida Bureau of STD to develop the Patient Reporting Investigation Surveillance Manager...
2009: Public Health Reports
Marta Marsilio, Aleksandra Torbica, Stefano Villa
BACKGROUND: The current literature on the enabling conditions of multidisciplinary teams focuses on the singular dimensions of the organizations (i.e., human resources, clinical pathways, objects) without shedding light on to the way in which these organizational factors interact and mutually influence one another. PURPOSE: Drawing on a system perspective of organizations, the authors analyze the organizational patterns that promote and support multidisciplinary teams and how they interrelate and interact to enforce the organization work system...
June 27, 2016: Health Care Management Review
Simon De Lusignan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
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