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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935795/sociotechnical-transitions-for-deep-decarbonization
#1
Frank W Geels, Benjamin K Sovacool, Tim Schwanen, Steve Sorrell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882812/health-information-technology-hit-adaptation-refocusing-on-the-journey-to-successful-hit-implementation
#2
Po-Yin Yen, Ann Scheck McAlearney, Cynthia J Sieck, Jennifer L Hefner, Timothy R Huerta
In past years, policies and regulations required hospitals to implement advanced capabilities of certified electronic health records (EHRs) in order to receive financial incentives. This has led to accelerated implementation of health information technologies (HIT) in health care settings. However, measures commonly used to evaluate the success of HIT implementation, such as HIT adoption, technology acceptance, and clinical quality, fail to account for complex sociotechnical variability across contexts and the different trajectories within organizations because of different implementation plans and timelines...
September 7, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845068/accelerating-innovation-in-the-creation-of-biovalue-the-cell-and-gene-therapy-catapult
#3
John Gardner, Andrew Webster
The field of regenerative medicine (RM) has considerable therapeutic promise that is proving difficult to realize. As a result, governments have supported the establishment of intermediary agencies to "accelerate" innovation. This article examines in detail one such agency, the United Kingdom's Cell and Gene Therapy Catapult (CGTC). We describe CGTC's role as an accelerator agency and its value narrative, which combines both "health and wealth." Drawing on the notion of sociotechnical imaginaries, we unpack the tensions within this narrative and its instantiation as the CGTC cell therapy infrastructure is built and engages with other agencies, some of which have different priorities and roles to play within the RM field...
September 2017: Science, Technology & Human Values
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754650/modeling-patient-treatment-with-medical-records-an-abstraction-hierarchy-to-understand-user-competencies-and-needs
#4
Justin D St-Maurice, Catherine M Burns
BACKGROUND: Health care is a complex sociotechnical system. Patient treatment is evolving and needs to incorporate the use of technology and new patient-centered treatment paradigms. Cognitive work analysis (CWA) is an effective framework for understanding complex systems, and work domain analysis (WDA) is useful for understanding complex ecologies. Although previous applications of CWA have described patient treatment, due to their scope of work patients were previously characterized as biomedical machines, rather than patient actors involved in their own care...
July 28, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725120/implementation-of-a-cooking-bus-intervention-to-support-cooking-in-schools-in-wales-uk
#5
Jeremy Segrott, Jo Holliday, Simon Murphy, Sarah Macdonald, Joan Roberts, Laurence Moore, Ceri Phillips
PURPOSE: The teaching of cooking is an important aspect of school-based efforts to promote healthy diets among children, and is frequently done by external agencies. Within a limited evidence base relating to cooking interventions in schools, there are important questions about how interventions are integrated within school settings. The purpose of this paper is to examine how a mobile classroom (Cooking Bus) sought to strengthen connections between schools and cooking, and drawing on the concept of the sociotechnical network, theorise the interactions between the Bus and school contexts...
2017: Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687532/studying-scale-up-and-spread-as-social-practice-theoretical-introduction-and-empirical-case-study
#6
James Shaw, Sara Shaw, Joseph Wherton, Gemma Hughes, Trisha Greenhalgh
BACKGROUND: Health and care technologies often succeed on a small scale but fail to achieve widespread use (scale-up) or become routine practice in other settings (spread). One reason for this is under-theorization of the process of scale-up and spread, for which a potentially fruitful theoretical approach is to consider the adoption and use of technologies as social practices. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to use an in-depth case study of assisted living to explore the feasibility and usefulness of a social practice approach to explaining the scale-up of an assisted-living technology across a local system of health and social care...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643030/hospital-electronic-prescribing-system-implementation-impact-on-discharge-information-communication-and-prescribing-errors-a-before-and-after-study
#7
Pamela Ruth Mills, Anita Elaine Weidmann, Derek Stewart
PURPOSE: The study aimed to test the hypothesis that hospital electronic prescribing and medicine administration system (HEPMA) implementation impacted patient discharge letter quality, nature and frequency of prescribing errors. METHOD: A quasi experimental before and after retrospective case note review was conducted in one United Kingdom district general hospital. The total sample size was 318 (random samples of 159 before and after implementation), calculated to achieve a 10% error reduction with a power of 80% and p < 0...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641502/ordering-theories-typologies-and-conceptual-frameworks-for-sociotechnical-change
#8
Benjamin K Sovacool, David J Hess
What theories or concepts are most useful at explaining socio technical change? How can - or cannot - these be integrated? To provide an answer, this study presents the results from 35 semi-structured research interviews with social science experts who also shared more than two hundred articles, reports and books on the topic of the acceptance, adoption, use, or diffusion of technology. This material led to the identification of 96 theories and conceptual approaches spanning 22 identified disciplines. The article begins by explaining its research terms and methods before honing in on a combination of fourteen theories deemed most relevant and useful by the material...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633483/an-informatics-research-agenda-to-support-patient-and-family-empowerment-and-engagement-in-care-and-recovery-during-and-after-hospitalization
#9
Sarah Collins, Patricia Dykes, David W Bates, Brittany Couture, Ronen Rozenblum, Jennifer Prey, Kristin O'Reilly, Patricia Q Bourie, Cindy Dwyer, S Ryan Greysen, Jeffery Smith, Michael Gropper, Anuj K Dalal
As part of an interdisciplinary acute care patient portal task force with members from 10 academic medical centers and professional organizations, we held a national workshop with 71 attendees representing over 30 health systems, professional organizations, and technology companies. Our consensus approach identified 7 key sociotechnical and evaluation research focus areas related to the consumption and capture of information from patients, care partners (eg, family, friends), and clinicians through portals in the acute and post-acute care settings...
June 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571510/panacea-or-diagnosis-imaginaries-of-innovation-and-the-mit-model-in-three-political-cultures
#10
Sebastian Pfotenhauer, Sheila Jasanoff
Innovation studies continue to struggle with an apparent disconnect between innovation's supposedly universal dynamics and a sense that policy frameworks and associated instruments of innovation are often ineffectual or even harmful when transported across regions or countries. Using a cross-country comparative analysis of three implementations of the 'MIT model' of innovation in the UK, Portugal and Singapore, we show how key features in the design, implementation and performance of the model cannot be explained as mere variations on an identical solution to the same underlying problem...
May 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490253/science-to-the-rescue-or-contingent-progress-comparing-10%C3%A2-years-of-public-expert-and-policy-discourses-on-new-and-emerging-science-and-technology-in-the-united-kingdom
#11
Melanie Smallman
Over the past 10 years, numerous public debates on new and emerging science and technologies have taken place in the United Kingdom. In this article, we characterise the discourses emerging from these debates and compare them to the discourses in analogous expert scientific and policy reports. We find that while the public is broadly supportive of new scientific developments, they see the risks and social and ethical issues associated with them as unpredictable but inherent parts of the developments. In contrast, the scientific experts and policymakers see risks and social and ethical issues as manageable and quantifiable with more research and knowledge...
May 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474920/diffusion-geometry-unravels-the-emergence-of-functional-clusters-in-collective-phenomena
#12
Manlio De Domenico
Collective phenomena emerge from the interaction of natural or artificial units with a complex organization. The interplay between structural patterns and dynamics might induce functional clusters that, in general, are different from topological ones. In biological systems, like the human brain, the overall functionality is often favored by the interplay between connectivity and synchronization dynamics, with functional clusters that do not coincide with anatomical modules in most cases. In social, sociotechnical, and engineering systems, the quest for consensus favors the emergence of clusters...
April 21, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473780/editorial-macrocognition-the-science-and-engineering-of-sociotechnical-work-systems
#13
EDITORIAL
Paul Ward, Robert R Hoffman, Gareth E Conway, Jan Maarten Schraagen, David Peebles, Robert J B Hutton, Erich J Petushek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448586/teaching-systems-thinking-to-4th-and-5th-graders-using-environmental-dashboard-display-technology
#14
Shane Clark, John E Petersen, Cindy M Frantz, Deborah Roose, Joel Ginn, Daniel Rosenberg Daneri
Tackling complex environmental challenges requires the capacity to understand how relationships and interactions between parts result in dynamic behavior of whole systems. There has been convincing research that these "systems thinking" skills can be learned. However, there is little research on methods for teaching these skills to children or assessing their impact. The Environmental Dashboard is a technology that uses "sociotechnical" feedback-information feedback designed to affect thought and behavior. Environmental Dashboard (ED) combines real-time information on community resource use with images and words that reflect pro-environmental actions of community members...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414848/-abstract-bodies-concrete-risks-clinical-devices-and-the-health-of-ova-donors-in-argentine-reproductive-medicine
#15
Lucía Ariza
Using a methodological perspective grounded in science and technology studies, this article analyzes two sociotechnical devices used in Argentine reproductive medicine (biostatistical measures and donation registries) with the aim of controlling both the so-called "genetic risk" arising from the use of donated ova as well as the health risks to female donors. By examining how the deployment of monitoring criteria disregards the specificity of ova donation, the article suggests that it is not the absence of control measures and clinical criteria that produces an inadequate monitoring of such risks, but rather the concrete ways in which such measures are implemented that results in potential harms to the health of female donors...
July 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406390/search-engine-imaginary-visions-and-values-in-the-co-production-of-search-technology-and-europe
#16
Astrid Mager
This article discusses the co-production of search technology and a European identity in the context of the EU data protection reform. The negotiations of the EU data protection legislation ran from 2012 until 2015 and resulted in a unified data protection legislation directly binding for all European member states. I employ a discourse analysis to examine EU policy documents and Austrian media materials related to the reform process. Using the concept 'sociotechnical imaginary', I show how a European imaginary of search engines is forming in the EU policy domain, how a European identity is constructed in the envisioned politics of control, and how national specificities contribute to the making and unmaking of a European identity...
April 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403530/sociotechnical-resilience-a-preliminary-concept
#17
Sulfikar Amir, Vivek Kant
This article presents the concept of sociotechnical resilience by employing an interdisciplinary perspective derived from the fields of science and technology studies, human factors, safety science, organizational studies, and systems engineering. Highlighting the hybrid nature of sociotechnical systems, we identify three main constituents that characterize sociotechnical resilience: informational relations, sociomaterial structures, and anticipatory practices. Further, we frame sociotechnical resilience as undergirded by the notion of transformability with an emphasis on intentional activities, focusing on the ability of sociotechnical systems to shift from one form to another in the aftermath of shock and disturbance...
April 12, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380169/-responsible-research-and-development-translating-absences-from-nanotechnology-in-portugal
#18
Paulo F C Fonseca, Tiago Santos Pereira
This article analyzes how responsible innovation has been discussed and implemented in the context of one of the Portuguese government's main activities to foster nanotechnology. Through the actor-network theory and the sociology of absences, we investigate the process of coproduction at the International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory to identify how concerns about responsible development have been implemented or ignored in the rules and practices. The institute emerged from a sociotechnical imagination that views it as an autonomous unit for producing technological innovations aimed exclusively at increasing competitiveness in a global market, which has been an obstacle to the materialization of robust responsible development practices...
January 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341126/rasmussen-and-the-boundaries-of-empirical-evaluation
#19
Penelope Sanderson, Catherine Burns
In this special issue, many of the papers focus on Rasmussen's analytic contributions to the understanding of work in complex sociotechnical systems. Work is analysed for the purpose of developing new designs that can improve the nature of that work. The evaluation of such designs was a key part of Rasmussen's program, yet he was often sceptical of the claims made for the generalizability of empirical studies. To tackle this problem, he extended his work analysis framework to provide a way of thinking about empirical evaluation...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325203/developing-and-evaluating-an-automated-all-cause-harm-trigger-system
#20
Christine Sammer, Susanne Miller, Cason Jones, Antoinette Nelson, Paul Garrett, David Classen, David Stockwell
BACKGROUND: From 2009 through 2012, the Adventist Health System Patient Safety Organization (AHS PSO) used the Global Trigger Tool method for harm identification and demonstrated harm reduction. Although the awareness of harm demonstrated opportunities for improvement across the system, leaders determined that the human and fiscal resources required to continue with a retrospective manual harm identification process were unsustainable. In addition, there was growing concern that the identification of harm after the patient's discharge did not allow for intervention during the hospital stay...
April 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
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