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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428838/a-national-strategic-plan-for-reducing-the-burden-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-israel-by-the-year-2025
#1
Daniel Chemtob, Dan Gandacu, Zohar Mor, Itamar Grotto, Emilia Anis, Elliot Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: There is on ongoing debate in the literature regarding the real burden of STIs (sexually transmitted infections) in Western countries and the proper strategies needed to estimate and to prevent them. Our purpose is to present an evidence-based national strategic plan for STI prevention in Israel through assessing the current burden of illness, leading international preventive strategies, and practical policymaking experience. METHODS: Epidemiologic and health policy data on STIs were analyzed from various sources: a) systematic national surveillance data for the years 2002-2014; b) the international scientific literature (published between 2002-16; keywords: Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) (or STI) AND prevention AND intervention AND gonorrhea OR chlamydia OR syphilis; c) internal Ministry of Health (MOH) analyses and reports, and d) expert opinion...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426386/new-zealanders-working-non-standard-hours-also-have-greater-exposure-to-other-workplace-hazards
#2
Sarah M Jay, Philippa H Gander, Amanda Eng, Soo Cheng, Jeroen Douwes, Lis Ellison-Loschmann, Dave McLean, Neil Pearce, Andrea 'tMannetje
Exposure to workplace hazards, such as dust, solvents, and fumes, has the potential to adversely affect the health of people. However, the effects of workplace hazards on health may differ when exposure occurs at different times in the circadian cycle, and among people who work longer hours or who do not obtain adequate sleep. The aim of the present study was to document exposures to workplace hazards across a national sample of New Zealanders, comparing people who work a standard 08:00 -17:00 h Monday-to-Friday working week (Std hours) and those who do not (N-Std hours)...
2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425388/lower-bound-on-estimation-variance-of-the-ultrasonic-attenuation-coefficient-using-the-spectral-difference-reference-phantom-method
#3
Kayvan Samimi, Tomy Varghese
Ultrasonic attenuation is one of the primary parameters of interest in Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS). Non-invasive monitoring of tissue attenuation can provide valuable diagnostic and prognostic information to the physician. The Reference Phantom Method (RPM) was introduced as a way of mitigating some of the system-related effects and biases to facilitate clinical QUS applications. In this paper, under the assumption of diffuse scattering, a probabilistic model of the backscattered signal spectrum is used to derive a theoretical lower bound on the estimation variance of the attenuation coefficient using the Spectral-Difference RPM...
May 2017: Ultrasonic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422852/stage-i-lung-adenocarcinoma-the-value-of-quantitative-ct-in-differentiating-pathological-subtypes-and-predicting-growth-of-subsolid-nodules
#4
Xianqun Xu, Kaisong Wu, Yanyan Zhao, Liejun Mei
The aim of this study was to investigate feasibility of quantitative computed tomography (CT) measurements in predicting invasiveness and growth of nodular ground glass opacities (nGGOs).A set of 203 patients (group A) with nGGOs that were confirmed stage-I adenocarcinomas and 79 patients (group B) with nGGOs that were completely followed up were included. Lesions diameters, volume (VOL), maximum (MAX), mean (MEN), and standard deviation (STD) of CT attenuation were measured. P53 labeling index (LI) was evaluated through immunohistochemistry in group-A patients...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422421/results-of-a-10-year-survey-of-workload-for-10-treatment-vaults-at-a-high-throughput-comprehensive-cancer-center
#5
Ziad H Saleh, Jeho Jeong, Brian Quinn, James Mechalakos, Jean St Germain, Lawrence T Dauer
The workload for shielding purposes of modern linear accelerators (linacs) consists of primary and scatter radiation which depends on the dose delivered to isocenter (cGy) and leakage radiation which depends on the monitor units (MUs). In this study, we report on the workload for 10 treatment vaults in terms of dose to isocenter (cGy), monitor units delivered (MUs), number of treatment sessions (Txs), as well as, use factors (U) and modulation factors (CI) for different treatment techniques. The survey was performed for the years between 2006 and 2015 and included 16 treatment machines which represent different generations of Varian linear accelerators (6EX, 600C, 2100C, 2100EX, and TrueBeam) operating at different electron and x-ray energies (6, 9, 12, 16 and 20 MeV electrons and, 6 and 15 MV x-rays)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419494/increased-levels-of-soluble-cd163-in-periodontitis-patients
#6
Laurent Detzen, Steven C Y Chen, Bin Cheng, Panos N Papapanou, Evanthia Lalla
AIM: Soluble CD163 (sCD163) has been implicated as a new biomarker in inflammatory conditions. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess CD163 levels systemically and locally in patients with chronic periodontitis. METHODS: sCD163 levels were measured by ELISA in serum samples from 70 periodontitis and 70 periodontally healthy subjects, and in saliva samples in a subset of the population. Two gingival biopsies were harvested per subject from 20 periodontitis patients: one from a periodontally affected site, the other from a healthy site, and the relative expression of CD163 mRNA was assessed by real-time PCR...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416790/a-meta-analysis-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-visinin-like-protein-1-in-alzheimers-disease-patients-relative-to-healthy-controls-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients
#7
Xiaohui Hu, Yan Yang, Daokai Gong
OBJECTIVE: To compare cerebrospinal fluid visinin-like protein-1 (CSF VLP-1) in alzheimer`s disease (AD) with that in healthy controls and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients and find out possible sources of heterogeneity. METHODS: "Visinin-like protein-1" and "alzheimer`s disease" were employed to search "PubMed", "Springer" and "Medline" databases until July 2016 and standard mean difference (Std.MD) was calculated. Besides, subgroup analysis and meta-regression were performed to explore the possible heterogeneity sources...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411873/-survey-adaptation-for-bio-behavioural-surveillance-of-hiv-in-chilean-female-sex-workers
#8
Bielka Carvajal, Valeria Stuardo, José Manuel Manríquez, Julieta Belmar, Cinta Folch
OBJECTIVE: To adapt a behavioural questionnaire for second-generation HIV/AIDS surveillance in female sex workers (FSWs) in the Metropolitan Region, Chile. METHODS: Qualitative study of instruments validation. A Spanish instrument adapted in Catalonia was validated through a translation and back-translation of the original version. The content validity was determined through a modified Delphi method, via FSW and HIV experts representing community, political and institutional levels...
April 12, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409688/effect-of-exercise-during-pregnancy-to-prevent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Ying Yu, Rongrong Xie, Cainuo Shen
INTRODUCTION: Exercise showed some potential in preventing gestational diabetes mellitus. However, the results remained controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of exercise during pregnancy on gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the influence of exercise during pregnancy on gestational diabetes mellitus were included...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407650/insurance-coverage-and-utilization-at-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-in-a-medicaid-expansion-state
#10
Madeline C Montgomery, Julia Raifman, Amy S Nunn, Thomas Bertrand, A Ziggy Uvin, Theodore Marak, Jaime Comella, Alexi Almonte, Philip A Chan
BACKGROUND: In Rhode Island, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act has led to over 95% of the state's population being insured. We evaluated insurance coverage and barriers to insurance use among patients presenting for services at the Rhode Island sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic. METHODS: We analyzed factors associated with insurance coverage and utilization among patients presenting for STD services between July and December 2015. RESULTS: A total of 692 patients had insurance information available; of those, 40% were uninsured...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406929/hiv-aids-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviour-of-persons-with-and-without-disabilities-from-the-uganda-demographic-and-health-survey-2011-differential-access-to-hiv-aids-information-and-services
#11
Julie Abimanyi-Ochom, Hasheem Mannan, Nora Ellen Groce, Joanne McVeigh
Uganda is among the first to use the Washington Group Short Set of Questions on Disability to identify persons with disabilities in its Demographic and Health Survey. In this paper, we review the HIV Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour component of the 2011 Ugandan Demographic and Health Survey, analysing a series of questions comparing those with and without disabilities in relation to HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and practices. We found comparable levels of knowledge on HIV/AIDS for those with and those without disabilities in relation to HIV transmission during delivery (93...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405750/efficacy-and-safety-of-scarpa-fascia-preservation-during-abdominoplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Xiangyang Xiao, Limin Ye
INTRODUCTION: Scarpa fascia preservation might be a promising approach to reduce seroma and other complications after abdominoplasty. However, the results remained controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of scarpa fascia preservation in patients with abdominoplasty. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials and clinical controlled trials assessing the effect of scarpa fascia preservation versus control (without scarpa fascia) during abdominoplasty were included...
January 27, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401991/supramolecular-amino-acid-based-hydrogels-probing-the-contribution-of-additive-molecules-using-nmr-spectroscopy
#13
Susana M Ramalhete, Karol P Nartwoski, Nichola Sarathchandra, Jamie S Foster, Andrew N Round, Jesús Angulo, Gareth O Lloyd, Yaroslav Z Khimyak
Supramolecular hydrogels are composed of self-assembled solid networks that restrict the flow of water. L-phenylalanine is the smallest molecule reported to date to form gel networks in water, and it is of particular interest due to its crystalline gel state. Single and multi-component hydrogels of L-phenylalanine are used herein as model materials to develop an NMR-based analytical approach to gain insight into the mechanisms of supramolecular gelation. Structure and composition of the gel fibres were probed using PXRD, solid-state NMR experiments and microscopic techniques...
April 12, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401529/influence-of-exercise-intervention-on-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
J Zheng, H Wang, M Ren
AIMS: Exercise intervention might be a promising approach to prevent gestational diabetes mellitus. However, the results remained controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the effect of exercise intervention on gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of exercise intervention on gestational diabetes mellitus were included...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399892/effects-of-environmental-enrichment-on-white-matter-glial-responses-in-a-mouse-model-of-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#15
Yoshiki Hase, Lucinda Craggs, Mai Hase, William Stevenson, Janet Slade, Dianne Lopez, Rubin Mehta, Aiqing Chen, Di Liang, Arthur Oakley, Masafumi Ihara, Karen Horsburgh, Raj N Kalaria
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to explore the beneficial effects of environmental enrichment (EE) on white matter glial changes in a mouse model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion induced by bilateral common carotid artery stenosis (BCAS). METHODS: A total of 74 wild-type male C57BL/6J mice underwent BCAS or sham surgery. One week after surgery, the mice were randomly assigned into three different groups having varied amounts of EE-standard housing with no EE conditions (std), limited exposure with 3 h EE a day (3 h) and full-time exposure to EE (full) for 12 weeks...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397621/performance-of-holstein-calves-receiving-equal-quantities-of-milk-at-fixed-or-variable-amounts-per-day-during-milk-feeding-period
#16
M Khani, F Ahmadi, M Ariana, S Omidian, S Sharifi, M H Ghaffari, H Beiranvand
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of feeding equal quantities of milk during the pre-weaning period through different milk-feeding regimes on calf growth, starter intake and selected blood metabolites. In experiment 1, 44 female Holstein calves (3 days of age and 39.2±4.3 kg of BW) were distributed randomly to one of two milk-feeding programs (1 calf per pen; 22 pens per treatment group): (1) consistent (CONS; 6 l/day of milk from days 3 to 60 and 3 l/day from days 61 to 65 of age) or (2) step-up/step-down (SUSD; 5 l/day of milk from days 3 to 15, 8 l/day from days 16 to 40, 6 l/day from days 41 to 50, 3 l/day from days 51 to 60 and then 2 l/day from days 61 to 65 of age)...
April 11, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390803/eustachian-tube-diameter-is-it-associated-with-chronic-otitis-media-development
#17
Ceki Paltura, Tuba Selçuk Can, Behice Kaniye Yilmaz, Mehmet Emre Dinç, Ömer Necati Develioğlu, Mehmet Külekçi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of ET diameter on Chronic Otitis Media (COM) pathogenesis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients with unilateral COM disease are included in the study. The connection between fibrocartilaginous and osseous segments of the Eustachian Tube (ET) on axial Computed Tomography (CT) images was defined and the diameter of this segment is measured. The measurements were carried out bilaterally and statistically compared...
March 31, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384262/dosimetric-effects-of-sectional-adjustments-of-collimator-angles-on-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-for-irregularly-shaped-targets
#18
Beom Seok Ahn, So-Yeon Park, Jong Min Park, Chang Heon Choi, Minsoo Chun, Jung-In Kim
PURPOSE: To calculate an optimal collimator angle at each of sectional arcs in a full-arc volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plan and evaluate dosimetric quality of these VMAT plans comparing full-arc VMAT plans with a fixed collimator angle. METHODS: Seventeen patients who had irregularly-shaped target in abdominal, head and neck, and chest cases were selected retrospectively. To calculate an optimal collimator angle at each of sectional arcs in VMAT, integrated MLC apertures which could cover all shapes of target determined by beam's-eye view (BEV) within angular sections were obtained for each VMAT plan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384128/hiv-services-provided-by-std-programs-in-state-and-local-health-departments-united-states-2013-2014
#19
Kendra M Cuffe, Precious Esie, Jami S Leichliter, Thomas L Gift
The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States is higher among persons with other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and the incidence of other STDs is increased among persons with HIV infection (1). Because infection with an STD increases the risk for HIV acquisition and transmission (1-4), successfully treating STDs might help reduce the spread of HIV among persons at high risk (1-4). Because health department STD programs provide services to populations who are at risk for HIV, ensuring service integration and coordination could potentially reduce the incidence of STDs and HIV...
April 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376262/the-effects-of-iterative-reconstruction-and-kernel-selection-on-quantitative-computed-tomography-measures-of-lung-density
#20
Alfonso Rodriguez, Frank N Ranallo, Philip F Judy, Sean B Fain
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of iterative reconstruction (IR) and high frequency kernels on quantitative computed tomography (qCT) density measures at reduced X-ray dose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The COPDGene 2 Phantom (CTP 698, The Phantom Laboratory, Salem, NY) with four embedded lung mimicking foam densities (12lb, 20lb, and 4lb), as well as water, air, and acrylic reference inserts was imaged using a GE 64 slice CT750 HD scanner in helical mode with four current-time products ranging from 12-100 mAs...
April 4, 2017: Medical Physics
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