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Yue Fang, Fengying Gao, Jing Hao, Zhenwei Liu
In this study, we aimed to identify potential microRNA (miRNA) regulators of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and to explore their roles in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). The expression of predicted miRNA regulators of ACE2 was examined in LPS-exposed pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs). Gain- and loss-of-function studies were performed to determine the functions of candidate miRNAs in LPS-induced PMVEC apoptosis and inflammatory response. The roles of the miRNAs in LPS-induced lung inflammation and permeability were investigated in a mouse model...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
Lefeng Wang, Sanjay Mehta, Michael Brock, Sean E Gill
Sepsis is characterized by injury of the pulmonary microvasculature and the pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVEC), leading to barrier dysfunction and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Our recent work identified a strong correlation between PMVEC apoptosis and microvascular leak in septic mice in vivo, but the specific role of apoptosis in septic PMVEC barrier dysfunction remains unclear. Thus, we hypothesize that PMVEC apoptosis is likely required for PMVEC barrier dysfunction under septic conditions in vitro...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
Jason A Collett, Purvi Mehrotra, Allison Crone, W Christopher Shelley, Mervin C Yoder, David P Basile
Damage to endothelial cells contributes to acute kidney injury (AKI) by leading to impaired perfusion. Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) are endothelial precursor cells with high proliferative capacity, pro-angiogenic activity, and in vivo vessel forming potential. We hypothesized that ECFCs may ameliorate the degree of AKI and/or promote repair of the renal vasculature following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Rat pulmonary microvascular ECs (PMVEC) with high proliferative potential were compared with pulmonary artery ECs (PAEC) with low proliferative potential in rats subjected to renal I/R...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Xuhua Yu, Jiajun Xu, Guoyang Huang, Kun Zhang, Long Qing, Wenwu Liu, Weigang Xu
Decompression sickness is a systemic pathophysiological process caused by bubbles and endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are established markers reflecting competency of endothelial function and vascular biology. Here, we investigated the effects of bubble-induced EMPs on endothelial cells in vitro and vivo. Rat pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) were isolated and stimulated by bubbles and bubble-induced EMPs were collected and incubated with normal PMVECs in vitro. Cell viability and apoptosis were detected using Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and Annexin V FITC/PI double staining, respectively...
2017: PloS One
Qian Yin, Weihua Wang, Guangbin Cui, Haiyan Nan, Linfeng Yan, Wenhu Zhang, Song Zhang, Jingguo Wei
Previous studies have suggested that the Notch signaling pathway plays a very important role in the proliferation and differentiation of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs). Therefore, we aimed to investigate the expression level of Notch-related signaling molecules in PMVECs in bleomycin (BLM)-induced rat pulmonary fibrosis. Immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, western blotting, and real-time PCR were used to analyze the differences in protein and mRNA expression levels of Notch-related signaling molecules, i...
December 16, 2016: Physiological Research
Zhiyong Wu, Huagang Liu, Wei Ren, Feifeng Dai, Jinxing Chang, Bowen Li
OBJECTIVE: Angiotensin II (AngII) involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary injury through impairing the integrity of pulmonary microvascular endothelial barrier, but the mechanism is still not clear. We aim to determine the roles of VE-cadherin, playing crucial roles in the adhesion of the vascular endothelial barrier and the barrier function, in the pulmonary microvascular endothelial cell (PMVEC) barrier injury mediated by AngII. METHODS: Mice acute lung injury (ALI) model was induced through pumping of AngII...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Jiawen Lv, Junchao Zeng, Wen Zhao, Yuanxiong Cheng, Lin Zhang, Shaoxi Cai, Guodong Hu, Yinghua Chen
BACKGROUND: After stimulation due to injury, cell division cycle protein 42 (Cdc42) restores and enhances barrier functions by strengthening intercellular adherens junctions; however, its influence on cell proliferation after injury remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of stimulation using small doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the proliferation of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs). METHODS: We stimulated PMVECs with different doses of LPS and evaluated the effects on cell proliferation...
January 2017: Microvascular Research
Leslie A Blair, April K Haven, Natalie N Bauer
BACKGROUND: Microparticles (MPs) stimulate inflammatory adhesion molecule expression in systemic vascular diseases, however it is unknown whether circulating MPs stimulate localized ICAM-1 expression in the heterogeneically distinct pulmonary endothelium during pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Pulmonary vascular lesions with infiltrating inflammatory cells in PAH form in the pulmonary arteries and arterioles, but not the microcirculation. Therefore, we sought to determine whether circulating MPs from PAH stimulate pulmonary artery endothelial cell-selective ICAM-1 expression...
October 20, 2016: Respiratory Research
Xuejiao Zhu, Yun Zou, Bing Wang, Jiali Zhu, Yi Chen, Lei Wang, Jinbao Li, Xiaoming Deng
BACKGROUND: CXCR3, a G-protein coupled chemokine receptor, has been shown to play a critical role in recruiting inflammatory cells into lungs in several studies. However, its roles in polymicrobial septic acute lung injury (ALI) is yet unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to elucidate the protective effects of CXCR3 blockade on pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) in septic ALI and explore potential mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ALI was induced by polymicrobial sepsis through cecal ligation and puncture surgery...
August 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Duo Xu, Bing Chen, Jianteng Gu, Lin Chen, Karine Belguise, Xiaobo Wang, Bin Yi, Kaizhi Lu
Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a defective liver-induced pulmonary vascular disorder with massive pulmonary microvascular dilation and excessive proliferation of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs). Growing evidence suggests that autophagy is involved in pulmonary diseases, protectively or detrimentally. Thus, it is interesting and important to explore whether autophagy might be involved in and critical in HPS. In the present study, we report that autophagy was activated in common bile duct ligation (CBDL) rats and cultured pulmonary PMVECs induced by CBDL rat serum, two accepted in vivo and in vitro experimental models of HPS...
August 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
Qian Chen, Bin Yi, Jianbo Ma, Jiaoling Ning, Lingzhi Wu, Daqing Ma, Kaizhi Lu, Jianteng Gu
Renal ischemia-reperfusion (rI/R) could cause remote acute lung injury (ALI) and combination of these two organ injuries can remarkably increase the mortality. This study aims to determine whether dexmedetomidine, an α2-adrenoreceptor agonist sedative, can ameliorate pulmonary microvascular hyper-permeability following rI/R injury and explore the underlying mechanisms. In vivo, C57BL/6J mice received dexmedetomidine (25µg/kg, i.p.) in the absence or presence of α2-adrenergic antagonist atipamezole (250µg/kg, i...
August 30, 2016: Oncotarget
Yiwei Zhang, Kun Tian, Yan Wang, Rong Zhang, Jiawei Shang, Wei Jiang, Aizhong Wang
This study was designed to investigate the role of aquaporin1 (AQP1) in the pathologic process of pulmonary edema induced by fat embolism syndrome (FES) and the effects of a free fatty acid (FFA) mixture on AQP1 expression in pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs). In vivo, edema was more serious in FES mice compared with the control group. The expression of AQP1 and the wet-to-dry lung weight ratio (W/D) in the FES group were significantly increased compared with the control group. At the same time, inhibition of AQP1 decreased the pathological damage resulting from pulmonary edema...
July 21, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Teruki Hagiwara, Shigeru Yoshida
The concentration-sensitive sodium channel (Nac) is activated by an increase in the extracellular sodium concentration. Although the expression of Nac in alveolar type II epithelial cells (AEC II) has been reported previously, the physiological role of Nac in the lung has not been established. We characterized Nac expression and examined amiloride-insensitive sodium transport mediated by Nac in mouse lung. Immunofluorescence studies revealed that Nac did not colocalize with either aquaporin 5 or cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, but partially colocalized with the epithelial sodium channel γ-subunit...
September 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
José Pablo Vázquez-Medina, Chandra Dodia, Liwei Weng, Clementina Mesaros, Ian A Blair, Sheldon I Feinstein, Shampa Chatterjee, Aron B Fisher
Peroxiredoxin 6 (Prdx6) is essential for activation of NADPH oxidase type 2 (NOX2) in pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs), alveolar macrophages (AMs), and polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Angiotensin II and phorbol ester increased superoxide/H2O2 generation in PMVECs, AMs, and isolated lungs from wild-type (WT) mice, but had much less effect on cells or lungs from Prdx6-null or Prdx6-D140A-knock-in mice that lack the phospholipase A2 activity (PLA2) of Prdx6; addition of either lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) or lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) to cells restored their oxidant generation...
August 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Jun-Tang Li, Wei-Qi Wang, Ling Wang, Ning-Ning Liu, Ya-Li Zhao, Xiao-Shan Zhu, Qin-Qin Liu, Chun-Fang Gao, An-Gang Yang, Lin-Tao Jia
Neutrophil release of NO/ONOO- induces endothelial cell barrier dysfunction in inflammatory acute lung injury (ALI). Previous studies using zymosan-triggered inflammation and ALI model revealed that zymosan promotes inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression in neutrophils, and that isoflurane inhibits zymosan-induced oxidative stress and iNOS biosynthesis. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. We found here that in zymosan-primed neutrophils, iNOS is transcriptionally activated by NF-κB, whose nuclear translocation is triggered by excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) and consequently activated p38 MAPK...
May 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Diego F Alvarez, Nicole Housley, Anna Koloteva, Chun Zhou, Kristen O'Donnell, Jonathon P Audia
Dysregulated activation of the inflammasome-caspase-1-IL-1β axis elicits damaging hyperinflammation during critical illnesses, such as pneumonia and sepsis. However, in critical illness models of Salmonella infection, burn, or shock, caspase-1 inhibition worsens outcomes. These paradoxical effects suggest that caspase-1 drives novel protective responses. Whether the protective effects of caspase-1 activation involve canonical immune cell and/or nonimmune cell responses is unknown. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that, in addition to its recognized proinflammatory function, caspase-1 initiates protective stress responses in nonimmune cells...
October 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Zhiyong Wu, Feifeng Dai, Wei Ren, Huagang Liu, Bowen Li, Jinxing Chang
Patients with acute aortic dissection (AAD) usually showed acute lung injury (ALI). However, its pathogenesis is still not well defined. Apoptosis of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) is closely related to the alveolus-capillary barrier injury and the increased vascular permeability. In this study, we aim to investigate the human PMVECs (hPMVECs) apoptosis induced by angiotensin II (AngII) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and their potential interaction in the pathogenesis of AAD complicated with ALI...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Guanyu Wang, Jingwen Zhang, Caiming Xu, Xiao Han, Yanyan Gao, Hailong Chen
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a critical complication of the severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), characterized by increased pulmonary permeability with high mortality. Pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) injury and apoptosis play a key role in ALI. Previous studies indicated that store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) could regulate a variety of cellular processes. The present study was to investigate the effects of SOCE inhibition on ALI induced by SAP in Sprague-Dawley rats, and PMVECs injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
June 2016: Inflammation
Xiao Han, Yuxi Wang, Hailong Chen, Jingwen Zhang, Caiming Xu, Jian Li, Mingyue Li
Acute lung injury (ALI), which is associated with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), results from damage to the pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs), which in turn leads to high levels of inflammatory cytokines that destroy PMVECs. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying SAP-associated ALI (SAP-ALI) are currently not well understood. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) has been implicated in the persistent migration and accumulation of neutrophils and macrophages, which in turn has been associated with the increased permeability of microvascular endothelial cells...
March 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Sanna Vattulainen-Collanus, Oyediran Akinrinade, Molong Li, Minna Koskenvuo, Caiyun Grace Li, Shailaja P Rao, Vinicio de Jesus Perez, Ke Yuan, Hirofumi Sawada, Juha W Koskenvuo, Cristina Alvira, Marlene Rabinovitch, Tero-Pekka Alastalo
Tie2-promoter-mediated loss of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ, also known as PPARG) in mice leads to osteopetrosis and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Vascular disease is associated with loss of PPARγ in pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVEC); we evaluated the role of PPARγ in PMVEC functions, such as angiogenesis and migration. The role of PPARγ in angiogenesis was evaluated in Tie2CrePPARγ(flox/flox) and wild-type mice, and in mouse and human PMVECs. RNA sequencing and bioinformatic approaches were utilized to reveal angiogenesis-associated targets for PPARγ...
February 15, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
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