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Salmonella arizonae

Mohamed A El-Tayeb, Abdelnasser S S Ibrahim, Ali A Al-Salamah, Khalid S Almaary, Yahya B Elbadawi
Salmonella is recognized as a common foodborne pathogen, causing major health problems in Saudi Arabia. Herein, we report epidemiology, antimicrobial susceptibility and the genetic basis of resistance among S. enterica strains isolated in Saudi Arabia. Isolation of Salmonella spp. from clinical and environmental samples resulted in isolation of 33 strains identified as S. enterica based on their biochemical characteristics and 16S-rDNA sequences. S. enterica serovar Enteritidis showed highest prevalence (39...
February 14, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Lenka Mikalová, Juraj Bosák, Hana Hříbková, Daniela Dědičová, Oldřich Benada, Jan Šmarda, David Šmajs
Forty strains of Salmonella enterica (S. enterica) subspecies salamae (II), arizonae (IIIa), diarizonae (IIIb), and houtenae (IV) were isolated from human or environmental samples and tested for bacteriophage production. Production of bacteriophages was observed in 15 S. enterica strains (37.5%) belonging to either the subspecies salamae (8 strains) or diarizonae (7 strains). Activity of phages was tested against 52 pathogenic S. enterica subsp. enterica isolates and showed that phages produced by subsp. salamae had broader activity against pathogenic salmonellae compared to phages from the subsp...
2017: PloS One
Yi-Chien Lee, Miao-Chiu Hung, Sheng-Che Hung, Hung-Ping Wang, Hui-Ling Cho, Mei-Chu Lai, Jann-Tay Wang
BACKGROUND: The majority of Salmonella arizonae human infections have been reported in southwestern United States, where rattlesnake-based products are commonly used to treat illness; however, little is known in non-endemic areas. We reviewed and analyzed the clinical manifestations and treatment outcomes in adult patients with S. arizonae infection at our institution. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted at a regional teaching hospital in southern Taiwan from July 2007 to June 2014...
December 9, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Dominic J Pollard, Joanna C Young, Valentina Covarelli, Silvia Herrera-León, Thomas R Connor, Maria Fookes, Danielle Walker, Aurora Echeita, Nicholas R Thomson, Cedric N Berger, Gad Frankel
Salmonella species utilize type III secretion systems (T3SSs) to translocate effectors into the cytosol of mammalian host cells, subverting cell signaling and facilitating the onset of gastroenteritis. In this study, we compared a draft genome assembly of Salmonella enterica subsp. salamae strain 3588/07 against the genomes of S. enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium strain LT2 and Salmonella bongori strain 12419. S. enterica subsp. salamae encodes the Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 (SPI-1), SPI-2, and the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) T3SSs...
December 2016: Infection and Immunity
Malik Asif Humayun, Tristan Richardson, Augustin Brooks
A 17-year-old male presented with diarrhoea and malaise following his return from Kenya and Tunisia. He was managed as a case of traveller's diarrhoea. Stool cultures were negative for pathogenic bacterial growth. Two weeks later he presented with worsening lower back pain. MRI of lumbosacral spine suggested L1 osteomyelitis. CT-guided spinal aspirate grew no organisms and repeat viral serology and blood cultures (including tuberculosis screening) were negative. He was treated with a 6-week course of ceftriaxone...
September 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
A Lamas, I C Fernandez-No, J M Miranda, B Vázquez, A Cepeda, C M Franco
Salmonella serovars are responsible for foodborne diseases around the world. The ability to form biofilms allows microorganisms to survive in the environment. In this study, 73 Salmonella strains, belonging to four different subspecies, were isolated from poultry houses and foodstuffs and tested. Biofilm formation was measured at four different temperatures and two nutrient concentrations. Morphotypes and cellulose production were evaluated at three different temperatures. The presence of several genes related to biofilm production was also examined...
July 2016: Journal of Food Protection
A Lamas, I C Fernandez-No, J M Miranda, B Vázquez, A Cepeda, C M Franco
The present study investigated the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance to twenty antibiotics, and class 1 integron and virulence genes of Salmonella isolated from poultry houses of broilers in northwestern Spain between 2011 and 2015. Strains were classified to the serotype level using the Kauffman-White typing scheme and subtyping with enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus PCR. The prevalence of Salmonella spp. was 1.02%. Sixteen different serotypes were found, with S. typhimurium and S. arizonae 48:z4, z23:- being the most prevalent...
September 1, 2016: Poultry Science
S P Cobb, H Smith
Twelve avian diseases are listed by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), although more than 100 infectious diseases have been described in commercial poultry. This article summarises a recent assessment of the biosecurity risks posed by non-listed avian diseases associated with imports of chilled or frozen chicken meat and meat products into New Zealand. Following the guidelines described in Chapter 2.1 of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code, avian adenovirus splenomegaly virus, avian paramyxovirus-2 (APMV-2), Bordetella avium, Mycoplasma spp...
December 2015: Revue Scientifique et Technique
Antonio Cobo Molinos, Rosario Lucas López, Hikmate Abriouel, Nabil Ben Omar, Eva Valdivia, Antonio Gálvez
The cyclic antibacterial peptide enterocin AS-48 acted synergistically with p-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester (PHBME) and with 2-nitropropanol against Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis CECT 4300 in Russian salad. In challenge tests on a cocktail of Salmonella strains (S. enterica ssp. enterica serotype Typhi CECT 409, S. enterica ssp. enterica serovar Choleraesuis CECT 915, S. enterica ssp. enterica serovar Enteritidis CECT 4300, S. enterica ssp. arizonae serovar Arizonae CECT 4395, and S. enterica ssp...
June 2009: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Shanker P Reddy, Hua Wang, Jennifer K Adams, Peter C H Feng
Salmonella continues to rank as one of the most costly foodborne pathogens, and more illnesses are now associated with the consumption of fresh produce. The U.S. Department of Agriculture Microbiological Data Program (MDP) sampled select commodities of fresh fruit and vegetables and tested them for Salmonella, pathogenic Escherichia coli, and Listeria. The Salmonella strains isolated were further characterized by serotype, antimicrobial resistance, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profile. This article summarizes the Salmonella data collected by the MDP between 2002 and 2012...
January 2016: Journal of Food Protection
Brenda Kwambana-Adams, Saffiatou Darboe, Helen Nabwera, Ebenezer Foster-Nyarko, Usman N Ikumapayi, Ousman Secka, Modupeh Betts, Richard Bradbury, Rita Wegmüller, Bolarinde Lawal, Debasish Saha, M Jahangir Hossain, Andrew M Prentice, Beate Kampmann, Suzanne Anderson, Umberto Dalessandro, Martin Antonio
BACKGROUND: There are large data gaps in the epidemiology of diseases caused by Salmonella enterica in West Africa. Regional surveillance of Salmonella infections is necessary, especially with the emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant clones. METHODS: Data on Salmonella isolated from various clinical specimens from patients from across The Gambia were collected and analyzed retrospectively from 2005 to April 2015. Antibiotic sensitivity testing of Salmonella isolates was performed by disk diffusion method...
November 1, 2015: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Preena Lowden, Corrin Wallis, Nancy Gee, Anthony Hilton
BACKGROUND: The intimate relationship between dogs and their owners has the potential to increase the risk of human exposure to bacterial pathogens. Over the past 40 years, there have been several reports on transmission of salmonellae from dogs to humans. This study therefore aimed to determine the prevalence of Salmonella in the faeces of dogs from the Midlands region of the United Kingdom to assess exposure risk and potential for zoonotic transmission. RESULTS: A total of 436 apparently healthy dogs without diarrhoea from households (n = 126), rescue centres (n = 96), boarding kennels (n = 43), retired greyhound kennels (n = 39) and a pet nutrition facility (n = 132) were investigated for Salmonella shedding...
September 17, 2015: BMC Veterinary Research
Emilie Briard, Karine Retornaz, Sophie Miramont, Aurélie Sapet, Rémi Laporte, Philippe Minodier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Chun-Xiao Wang, Song-Ling Zhu, Xiao-Yu Wang, Ye Feng, Bailiang Li, Yong-Guo Li, Randal N Johnston, Gui-Rong Liu, Jin Zhou, Shu-Lin Liu
Salmonella arizonae (also called Salmonella subgroup IIIa) is a Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, motile, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacterium. S. arizonae strain RKS2983 was isolated from a human in California, USA. S. arizonae lies somewhere between Salmonella subgroups I (human pathogens) and V (also called S. bongori; usually non-pathogenic to humans) and so is an ideal model organism for studies of bacterial evolution from non-human pathogen to human pathogens. We hence sequenced the genome of RKS2983 for clues of genomic events that might have led to the divergence and speciation of Salmonella into distinct lineages with diverse host ranges and pathogenic features...
2015: Standards in Genomic Sciences
Bożena Futoma-Kołoch, Urszula Godlewska, Katarzyna Guz-Regner, Agata Dorotkiewicz-Jach, Elżbieta Klausa, Jacek Rybka, Gabriela Bugla-Płoskońska
BACKGROUND: The O48 group comprises Salmonella bacteria containing sialic acid in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Bacteria with sialylated surface structures are described as pathogens that avoid immunological response of the host by making similar their surface antigens to the host's tissues (molecular mimicry). It is known that the smooth-type LPS of Salmonella enterica and outer membrane proteins (OMP) PgtE, PagC and Rck mediate serum resistant phenotype by affecting complement system (C)...
2015: Gut Pathogens
Maja Lukac, Karl Pedersen, Estella Prukner-Radovcic
Salmonellosis transmitted by pet reptiles is an increasing public health issue worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Salmonella strains from captive reptiles in Croatia. From November 2009 to November 2011 a total of 292 skin, pharyngeal, cloacal, and fecal samples from 200 apparently healthy reptiles were tested for Salmonella excretions by bacteriologic culture and serotyping. These 200 individual reptiles included 31 lizards, 79 chelonians, and 90 snakes belonging to private owners or housed at the Zagreb Zoo, Croatia...
June 2015: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
S Chakma, J Picard, R Duffy, C Constantinoiu, B Gummow
In 1964, Brucella was isolated from rodents trapped in Wooroonooran National Park (WNP), in Northern Queensland, Australia. Genotyping of bacterial isolates in 2008 determined that they were a novel Brucella species. This study attempted to reisolate this species of Brucella from rodents living in the boundary area adjacent to WNP and to establish which endo- and ecto-parasites and bacterial agents were being carried by non-indigenous rodents at this interface. Seventy non-indigenous rodents were trapped [Mus musculus (52), Rattus rattus (17) and Rattus norvegicus (1)], euthanized and sampled on four properties adjacent to the WNP in July 2012...
February 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Francesco Di Ianni, Pier Luigi Dodi, Clotilde Silvia Cabassi, Igor Pelizzone, Andrea Sala, Sandro Cavirani, Enrico Parmigiani, Fausto Quintavalla, Simone Taddei
BACKGROUND: In captive breed turtles and tortoises conjunctival disease is common. Our aim was to investigate the bacterial and fungal flora present in the eyes of healthy and pathological chelonians and to compare findings in turtles with those in tortoises. RESULTS: Samples were taken from the conjunctival sacs of 34, diseased and healthy, chelonians (18 tortoises and 16 turtles) and submitted to bacterial and fungal investigation. All samples showed bacterial growth...
April 10, 2015: BMC Veterinary Research
Gábor Árpád Czirják, Lóránd Béla Köbölkuti, Miklós Tenk, Attila Szakács, Attila Kelemen, Marina Spînu
A natural hybrid of Vipera ammodytes × Vipera berus was presented having low body weight, seizures and generalized swelling of the cephalic region. Based on the history of the case and clinical examination, hemorrhagic stomatitis of traumatic origin was diagnosed. The snake was kept in a terrarium with wood chips as a substrate, and the material had induced trauma in the oral mucosa which was further complicated with Salmonella Arizonae and Morganella morganii co-infection, abscessation and osteomyelitis. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of bacterial infection in European snake hybrids and one of a few case reports in European snakes...
June 2015: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Michele T Jay-Russell, Alexis F Hake, Yingjia Bengson, Anyarat Thiptara, Tran Nguyen
In 2010, Romaine lettuce grown in southern Arizona was implicated in a multi-state outbreak of Escherichia coli O145:H28 infections. This was the first known Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) outbreak traced to the southwest desert leafy green vegetable production region along the United States-Mexico border. Limited information exists on sources of STEC and other enteric zoonotic pathogens in domestic and wild animals in this region. According to local vegetable growers, unleashed or stray domestic dogs and free-roaming coyotes are a significant problem due to intrusions into their crop fields...
2014: PloS One
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