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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928689/exploring-the-possibility-of-peak-individualism-humanity-s-existential-crisis-and-an-emerging-age-of-purpose
#1
Gabriel B Grant
There is an emerging cultural narrative in the United States that we are entering an age of purpose-that millennials, more than any other generation, are searching for purpose and purposeful work (Sheahan, 2005) and that we are entering an era or economy of purpose (Hurst, 2014). For profit, non-profit, and educational institutions are perceiving and adapting to serve millennials' demand for purpose in life, specifically within the workplace (Klein et al., 2015). Yet, longitudinal studies of purpose do not exist, and millennials are also referred to as GenMe...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924681/family-caregivers-to-adults-with-cancer-the-consequences-of-caring
#2
Anna-Leila Williams
A person living with cancer will potentially have some degree of physical, cognitive, and/or psychological impairment, periods of unemployment, financial concerns, social isolation, and existential questions, any or all of which can impact the family and friends who surround them. In our current era of health care, patients with cancer receive invasive diagnostic studies and aggressive treatment as outpatients, and then convalesce at home. As such, cancer family caregivers are de facto partners with the healthcare team...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923125/why-we-write-nuclear-history
#3
David K Hecht
Nuclear history always compels. Scholars (and readers) can immerse themselves in the existential threat posed by the atomic bomb and its successor weapons, the tantalizing prospect of carbon-free energy, or the study of a natural phenomenon deeply at odds with our everyday experience of the world. There is thus always something profound at stake when we write nuclear history - be it physical, economic or intellectual. And while it may seem that the end of the Cold War should have diminished the academic attention accorded to the subject, it actually just allowed the historiography to evolve...
September 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918716/the-existential-underpinnings-of-intergroup-helping-when-normative-and-defensive-motivations-collide
#4
Gilad Hirschberger, Jenna Hayes, Adi Shtrul, Tsachi Ein-Dor
Five studies examined defensive intergroup helping-when responsibility for an out-group victim's injury decreases helping, whereas lack of responsibility increases helping when death is salient. In Study 1 ( N = 350), implicit death primes increased petition signings to allow a Palestinian child to receive medical treatment in Israel, when the child was a victim of Palestinian fire. When the child was a victim of Israeli fire, however, death primes decreased petition signings. Study 2 ( N = 200) partially replicated these effects on commitment to donate blood to an injured Palestinian child...
October 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912354/well-below-2-%C3%A2-c-mitigation-strategies-for-avoiding-dangerous-to-catastrophic-climate-changes
#5
Yangyang Xu, Veerabhadran Ramanathan
The historic Paris Agreement calls for limiting global temperature rise to "well below 2 °C." Because of uncertainties in emission scenarios, climate, and carbon cycle feedback, we interpret the Paris Agreement in terms of three climate risk categories and bring in considerations of low-probability (5%) high-impact (LPHI) warming in addition to the central (∼50% probability) value. The current risk category of dangerous warming is extended to more categories, which are defined by us here as follows: >1...
September 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905275/human-development-and-pastoral-care-in-a-postmodern-age-donald-capps-erik-h-erikson-and-beyond
#6
Hetty Zock
This article discusses Donald Capps's use of Erik H. Erikson's life-cycle theory as the basic psychological framework for his theory of pastoral care. Capps was attracted to Erikson's existential-psychological model, his hermeneutic approach, and his religious sensitivity. Capps's thought develops from first exploring biblical foundations for using Eriksonian theory for pastoral care to gradually embracing certain postmodern features. The article concludes with reflections on the usefulness of Erikson's life-cycle theory and Capps's work for contemporary pastoral care...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900702/-religious-beliefs-and-spirituality-in-medical-residency-a-survey-among-physicians-in-charge-of-training-psychiatry-and-psychotherapy
#7
H Freund, S Böhringer, M Utsch, I Hauth
Religion and spirituality (R/S) as empirically measurable and treatment-relevant variables are growing in significance in psychiatry and psychotherapy worldwide. In a survey conducted among physicians in charge of psychiatric residency training in Germany respondents were asked about the integration of R/S in their curricula. Data suggest that subjects (n = 285) attach considerable importance to R/S and especially to existential issues. The importance of R/S in psychiatric training is essentially linked to the trainers' personal views of the world and the corporate culture of the training centers...
September 12, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899906/does-the-doctrine-of-double-effect-apply-to-the-prescription-of-barbiturates-syme-vs-the-medical-board-of-australia
#8
Xavier Symons
The doctrine of double effect (DDE) is a principle of crucial importance in law and medicine. In medicine, the principle is generally accepted to apply in cases where the treatment necessary to relieve pain and physical suffering runs the risk of hastening the patient's death. More controversially, it has also been used as a justification for withdrawal of treatment from living individuals and physician-assisted suicide. In this paper, I will critique the findings of the controversial Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (VCAT) hearing Syme vs the Medical Board of Australia In that hearing, Dr Rodney Syme, a urologist and euthanasia advocate, was defending his practice of prescribing barbiturates to terminally ill patients...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899596/frax-vs-caroc-for-the-canadian-imaging-physician-an-existential-dilemma
#9
REVIEW
Ian Hammond, Steven Burrell, David J Lyons, Brian C Lentle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899435/optimizing-visits-to-the-site-of-death-for-bereaved-families-after-disasters-and-terrorist-events
#10
Pål Kristensen, Atle Dyregrov, Lars Weisæth, Marianne Straume, Kari Dyregrov, Trond Heir, Renate Grønvold Bugge
In recent years it has been common after disasters and terrorist events to offer bereaved families the opportunity to visit the place where their loved ones died. Many report that such visits are beneficial in processing their loss. Various factors, both cognitive (eg, counteracting disbelief) and existential or emotional (eg, achieving a sense of closeness to the deceased), are associated with the experienced benefit. Nonetheless, exacerbations of trauma and grief reactions (eg, re-enactment fantasies) are common, with some of the bereaved also reporting adverse reactions after the visit...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899170/freud-as-an-existential-humanistic-psychotherapist-the-case-of-margarethe
#11
Peter Loewenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895019/narrative-self-appropriation-embodiment-alienness-and-personal-responsibility-in-the-context-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
Allan Køster
It is often emphasised that persons diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) show difficulties in understanding their own psychological states. In this article, I argue that from a phenomenological perspective, BPD can be understood as an existential modality in which the embodied self is profoundly saturated by an alienness regarding the person's own affects and responses. However, the balance of familiarity and alienness is not static, but can be cultivated through, e.g., psychotherapy. Following this line of thought, I present the idea that narrativising experiences can play an important role in processes of appropriating such embodied self-alienness...
September 11, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893021/prediction-of-the-dimensions-of-the-spiritual-well-being-of-students-at-kermanshah-university-of-medical-sciences-iran-the-roles-of-demographic-variables
#13
Arash Ziapour, Alireza Khatony, Faranak Jafari, Neda Kianipour
INTRODUCTION: Spiritual well-being is one of the aspects of well-being which organize the physical, psychological, and social aspects. Given the outstanding and unique roles of students in society, providing spiritual well-being as well as identifying and eliminating the negative factors affecting their mental well-being are of the essence. AIM: The present study aimed to predict the dimensions of the spiritual well-being of students at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences and to investigate the roles of demographic variables in this respect...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886125/heterogeneous-hybrid-signcryption-for-multi-message-and-multi-receiver
#14
Shufen Niu, Ling Niu, Xiyan Yang, Caifen Wang, Xiangdong Jia
To achieve secure communication in heterogeneous cryptography systems, we present a heterogeneous hybrid signcryption scheme. The proposed scheme allows a sender in an identity-based cryptography system to send multi-message to multi-receiver in a certificateless cryptography system with different master keys. At the same time, all users are mapped to a distinct pseudo-identity for conditional identity privacy preservation. A trusted authority could trace the real identity when necessary. Compared with existing schemes, the proposed scheme is more practical for actual applications...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885725/supporting-spirituality-in-the-care-of-older-people-living-with-dementia-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-inquiry-into-nurses-experiences
#15
Kristiina Toivonen, Andreas Charalambous, Riitta Suhonen
BACKGROUND: Spirituality is defined as a search for answers to existential questions about the meaning of life and the individual's relationship with the sacred or transcendent. This relationship may or may not involve affiliation with a specific religion. Studies on spirituality have focused on palliative care, and there are limited studies into the spirituality in the care of older people with dementia. AIM: To describe the experiences of nurses supporting spirituality in the care of older people living with dementia...
September 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880810/theodicies-and-professional-quality-of-life-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-chaplains-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#16
Joseph M Currier, Kent D Drescher, Jason A Nieuwsma, Wesley H McCormick
This study examined the role of theodicies or theological/philosophic attempts to resolve existential dilemmas related to evil and human suffering in chaplains' professional quality of life (ProQOL). A nationally representative sample of 298 VHA chaplains completed the recently developed Views of Suffering Scale (Hale-Smith, Park, & Edmondson, 2012 ) and ProQOL-5 (Stamm, 2010 ). Descriptive results revealed that 20-50% endorsed strong theistic beliefs in a compassionate deity who reciprocally suffers with hurting people, God ultimately being responsible for suffering, and that suffering can provide opportunities for intimate encounters with God and personal growth...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880142/-an-elderly-couple-dies-of-natural-causes-on-the-same-day
#17
S Zwart, E H E Vermeijlen
BACKGROUND: A 77-year-old woman died of metastatic colorectal cancer. On that same day, her 82-year-old husband, who had stayed in bed next to her during the last days of her life, also died. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe their two separate trajectories to death: anticipated dying and unexpected death with diagnostic uncertainty. We analysed the general practitioner's role in this scenario. Existential suffering was partly the reason for commencing palliative sedation for the husband after his wife had died...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871052/program-synthesis-challenges-and-opportunities
#18
REVIEW
Cristina David, Daniel Kroening
Program synthesis is the mechanized construction of software, dubbed 'self-writing code'. Synthesis tools relieve the programmer from thinking about how the problem is to be solved; instead, the programmer only provides a description of what is to be achieved. Given a specification of what the program should do, the synthesizer generates an implementation that provably satisfies this specification. From a logical point of view, a program synthesizer is a solver for second-order existential logic. Owing to the expressiveness of second-order logic, program synthesis has an extremely broad range of applications...
October 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869654/nursing-roles-and-functions-addressing-relatives-during-in-hospital-rehabilitation-following-stroke-care-needs-and-involvement
#19
Lena Aadal, Sanne Angel, Leanne Langhorn, Birgitte Blicher Pedersen, Pia Dreyer
RATIONALE: In the last decades, length of stay of in-hospital rehabilitation of patients with stroke has been significantly reduced. Health authorities expect relatives to be at disposal to convey the knowledge of everyday life and to provide emotional as well as practical support in relation to the patient. Caregivers require nurse assistance, support and to be seen as an essential partner in the care giving process. However, the nurses do not perceive that teaching of relatives is a task they should routinely undertake...
September 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865868/translation-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-persian-version-of-the-spiritual-needs-questionnaire-among-elders-with-chronic-diseases
#20
Babak Moeini, Hadi Zamanian, Zahra Taheri-Kharameh, Tahereh Ramezani, Mohamadhasan Saati-Asr, Mohamadhasan Hajrahimian, Mohammadali Amini-Tehrani
CONTEXT: Spirituality plays an important role in coping with chronic diseases for patients and they often report unmet spiritual and existential needs, which should be considered for a holistic view of their health. Studying spiritual needs in this generation requires culturally appropriate and valid instruments. The aim of this study is to determine the psychometric properties, such as validity, reliability, and factor structure of the Persian version of Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ)...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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