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Existential

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532746/existential-ir-what-does-it-mean-to-be-an-interventional-radiologist
#1
Jeanne M LaBerge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532439/efficacy-cost-utility-and-reach-of-an-ehealth-self-management-application-oncokompas-that-helps-cancer-survivors-to-obtain-optimal-supportive-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Anja van der Hout, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Birgit I Witte, Veerle M H Coupé, Femke Jansen, C René Leemans, Pim Cuijpers, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have to deal with a wide range of physical symptoms, psychological, social and existential concerns, and lifestyle issues related to cancer and its treatment. Therefore, it is essential that they have access to optimal supportive care services. The eHealth self-management application Oncokompas was developed to support cancer survivors with where they need to turn to for advice and guidance, as well as to increase their knowledge on the availability of optimal support...
May 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512684/therapeutic-applications-of-classic-hallucinogens
#3
Michael P Bogenschutz, Stephen Ross
This chapter reviews what is known about the therapeutic uses of the serotonergic or classic hallucinogens, i.e., psychoactive drugs such as LSD and psilocybin that exert their effects primarily through agonist activity at serotonin 2A (5HT2A) receptors. Following a review of the history of human use and scientific study of these drugs, the data from clinical research are summarized, including extensive work on the use of classic hallucinogens in the treatment of alcoholism and other addictions, studies of the use of LSD and psilocybin to relieve distress concerning death, particularly in patients with advanced or terminal cancer, and more limited data concerning the use of classic hallucinogens to treat mood and anxiety disorders...
May 18, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509335/dignity-conserving-care-actions-in-palliative-care-an-integrative-review-of-swedish-research
#4
REVIEW
Carina Werkander Harstäde, Karin Blomberg, Eva Benzein, Ulrika Östlund
BACKGROUND: Previous research has proposed that persons in need of palliative care often have a loss of functions and roles that affects social and existential self-image. Moreover, these individuals also commonly suffer from complex multisymptoms. This, together with the situation of facing an impending death, can lead to a loss of dignity. Therefore, supporting these persons' dignity is a crucial challenge for professional nurses. The 'Dignity Care Intervention' addresses the multidimensionality of dignity by identifying patients' dignity-related concerns and suggests care actions to address them...
May 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498025/understanding-meaning-in-life-interventions-in-patients-with-advanced-disease-a-systematic-review-and-realist-synthesis
#5
Mariona Guerrero-Torrelles, Cristina Monforte-Royo, Andrea Rodríguez-Prat, Josep Porta-Sales, Albert Balaguer
BACKGROUND: Among patients with advanced disease, meaning in life is thought to enhance well-being, promote coping and improve the tolerance of physical symptoms. It may also act as a buffer against depression and hopelessness. As yet, there has been no synthesis of meaning in life interventions in which contextual factors, procedures and outcomes are described and evaluated. AIMS: To identify meaning in life interventions implemented in patients with advanced disease and to describe their context, mechanisms and outcomes...
February 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495106/israel-health-and-beyond
#6
REVIEW
Karl Skorecki, Richard Horton
The principle that global human identity and dignity supersede other values is a broadly accepted conviction that guides practice and policies in the realm of human health in most of the world. An assessment of the level of success that Israel has achieved in health, in the face of formidable challenges, including rapid population growth, diverse and often divided ethnic affiliations, and existential security threats, leads us to propose that extension of this principle of global human identity and dignity, together with the objective of a decent society, as overriding values beyond health to other domains of human endeavour within Israel and in its relations with neighbouring peoples, represents an entirely achievable imperative...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472333/aging-and-the-ethics-of-authenticity
#7
Hanne Laceulle
This article aims to make a philosophical contribution to debates about meaningful sociocultural narratives about aging. It is argued that the moral-philosophical discourse of authenticity may provide valuable resources for counter narratives about later life that are capable of challenging the dominant stereotyping decline- and age-defying cultural narratives. The discussion will draw on classical and contemporary views of authenticity by Rousseau; existentialists such as Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and Heidegger; and contemporary thinkers such as Taylor and Meyers...
May 2, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452610/active-duty-military-service-members-visual-representations-of-ptsd-and-tbi-in-masks
#8
Melissa S Walker, Girija Kaimal, Adele M L Gonzaga, Katherine A Myers-Coffman, Thomas J DeGraba
Active-duty military service members have a significant risk of sustaining physical and psychological trauma resulting in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Within an interdisciplinary treatment approach at the National Intrepid Center of Excellence, service members participated in mask making during art therapy sessions. This study presents an analysis of the mask-making experiences of service members (n = 370) with persistent symptoms from combat- and mission-related TBI, PTSD, and other concurrent mood issues...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449054/i-learn-therefore-i-am-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-meanings-of-lifelong-learning-for-vulnerable-older-adults
#9
Miya Narushima, Jian Liu, Naomi Diestelkamp
Background and Objectives: This study explores the lifelong learning experience of vulnerable older adults to find out (a) what is involved in their activities, (b) what meanings they take from their learning, and (c) how participation in a learning program helps to maintain their well-being and independent living despite their daily challenges. Research Design and Methods: This study employed a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. As part of a larger study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with older learners enrolled in general interest courses at a public continuing education program...
April 26, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445433/determinants-of-work-performance-in-workers-with-depression-and-anxiety-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ivana Ivandic, Kaloyan Kamenov, Diego Rojas, Gloria Cerón, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego
Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent disorders with an impact on existential aspects of person's life, including employment i.e., work performance (WP). In order to develop appropriate strategies, it is essential to identify determinants of WP. The objective of this study was to identify the built, social, attitudinal and health system-related environmental determinants of WP in workers with anxiety or depression in total (N = 1211) and regarding the level of disability. Hierarchical binary logistic regression was performed on data obtained from implementation of the WHO Model Disability Survey (MDS) in Chile in 2015...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436780/truth-axes-and-the-transformation-of-self
#11
Shlomit Yadlin-Gadot
Freud adhered to the idea that psychoanalysis is a science and that truth is one. The transition from a realistic epistemology to an epistemology of subjective idealism in psychoanalytic thought was accompanied by the splintering of the "one" realistic truth into a multiplicity of truths: realistic-correspondent, ideal, subjective-existential, intersubjective, coherent, and pragmatic truths. The present paper, employing the concept of "truth axes," explores these truths as they relate to basic human needs, self- states, and the structuring of subjectivity...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411669/-acting-with-compassion-designing-care-together
#12
Pauline Bégué, Zona Zaric
Making care and compassion a central concern in the hospital, and more widely within the community, is essential. This means reflecting on the existential questioning imposed by illness, on the key role of the nursing function and the need to act with compassion, as well as on the awareness of our common vulnerability and the need to support it.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411328/dance-and-hometown-associations-are-promising-strategies-to-improve-physical-activity-participation-among-us-nigerian-transnational-immigrants
#13
Kelechi Ibe-Lamberts, Daudet Ilunga Tshiswaka, Ifeyinwa Onyenekwu, Andiara Schwingel, Juliet Iwelunmor
OBJECTIVE: Lack of physical activity participation has been identified as a determinant for negative health outcomes across various ethnicities worldwide and within the USA. We investigated the perceptions of the prospects of promoting dancing within hometown associations as a form for improving physical activity participation for Nigerian Transnational Immigrants (NTIs) in the USA: a migrant cohort subset of individuals who maintain cross-border ties with their indigenous communities of origin...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395610/there-will-be-times-when-nurses-can-respond
#14
Alison Rodriguez
The spiritual or existential side of palliative care is recognised as one of the most important and least understood aspects ( Baird 2016 ) of this type of care. It is also regarded as one of the most difficult areas to communicate about ( Hexem et al 2011 ).
April 11, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394199/neural-evidence-that-the-behavioral-inhibition-system-is-involved-in-existential-threat-processing
#15
Johannes Klackl, Eva Jonas, Immo Fritsche
According to threat-general perspectives, existentially threatening prospects such as the inevitability of mortality or uncontrollability represent motivational discrepancies that activate the behavioral inhibition system (BIS). The aim of the present paper is to test this claim using neuroimaging and neurophysiological methods. In Study 1, we used neuroimaging to show that both mortality- and uncontrollability-related stimuli elicit activation in the anterior cingulate cortex, which is a key BIS region in humans...
April 10, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388456/women-s-experiences-of-labour-and-birth-when-having-a-termination-of-pregnancy-for-fetal-abnormality-in-the-second-trimester-of-pregnancy-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#16
Kay Jones, Kathleen Baird, Jenny Fenwick
OBJECTIVE: to explore women's experiences of labour and birth in the context of a termination of pregnancy for fetal abnormality in the second trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: meta-synthesis of 10 qualitative studies which included the experiences of 581 women. Data analysis was informed by van Manen's four lifeworld existentials (lived body, lived space, lived time and lived human relationships) and focused only on women's experiences of their labour and birth when terminating a pregnancy in the second trimester for fetal abnormality...
March 28, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379852/unmet-supportive-care-needs-of-men-with-locally-advanced-and-metastatic-prostate-cancer-on-hormonal-treatment-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Catherine Paterson, Sławomir Grzegorz Kata, Ghulam Nandwani, Debi Das Chaudhury, Ghulam Nabi
BACKGROUND: Men affected by prostate cancer who are undergoing hormone therapy can endure a range of symptoms that can adversely affect quality of life. Little research has been conducted to date, to understand the specific unmet supportive care needs of this patient group within the context of current service delivery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of unmet supportive care needs of men affected by prostate cancer on hormone therapy in the United Kingdom...
April 4, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374105/suffering-and-dying-well-on-the-proper-aim-of-palliative-care
#18
Govert den Hartogh
In recent years a large empirical literature has appeared on suffering at the end of life. In this literature it is recognized that suffering has existential and social dimensions in addition to physical and psychological ones. The non-physical aspects of suffering, however, are still understood as pathological symptoms, to be reduced by therapeutical interventions as much as possible. But suffering itself and the negative emotional states it consists of are intentional states of mind which, as such, make cognitive claims: they are more or less appropriate responses to the actual circumstances of the patient...
April 3, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369920/the-existential-concerns-questionnaire-ecq-development-and-initial-validation-of-a-new-existential-anxiety-scale-in-a-nonclinical-and-clinical-sample
#19
Vincent van Bruggen, Peter Ten Klooster, Gerben Westerhof, Joël Vos, Elian de Kleine, Ernst Bohlmeijer, Gerrit Glas
OBJECTIVE: Existential anxiety (EA) is a construct that refers to fears that are provoked by core threats of human existence, such as death, meaninglessness, and fundamental loneliness. The objective of this study was to develop an EA measure that can be used in research and clinical practice. METHOD: The Existential Concerns Questionnaire (ECQ) was completed by a nonclinical sample of 389 adults, together with questionnaires measuring death anxiety, intolerance of uncertainty, neuroticism, distress, meaning, and life events...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359425/contribution-of-group-therapeutic-factors-to-the-outcome-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-patients-with-panic-disorder
#20
Andressa Behenck, Ana Cristina Wesner, Débora Finkler, Elizeth Heldt
BACKGROUND: Investigating the contribution of therapeutic factors arising from the collective nature or group therapy to treat mental disorders may help therapists maximize the outcome of therapy. Studies about the role of therapeutic factors in cognitive-behavioral group therapy (CBGT) for panic disorder (PD) patients are still scarce. OBJECTIVES: To identify the therapeutic factors rated as the most useful by patients during CBGT. Also, we aimed to investigate the relationship between patient rating of therapeutic factors and specific stages of CBGT...
April 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
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