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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909417/defining-contemplative-science-the-metacognitive-self-regulatory-capacity-of-the-mind-context-of-meditation-practice-and-modes-of-existential-awareness
#1
Dusana Dorjee
The term 'contemplative' is now frequently used in the fast growing field of meditation research. Yet, there is no consensus regarding the definition of contemplative science. Meditation studies commonly imply that contemplative practices such as mindfulness or compassion are the subject of contemplative science. Such approach, arguably, contributes to terminological confusions in the field, is not conducive to the development of an overarching theory in contemplative science, and overshadows its unique methodological features...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909169/psycho-existential-distress-in-cancer-patients-a-return-to-entheogens
#2
Craig D Blinderman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909164/rapid-and-sustained-symptom-reduction-following-psilocybin-treatment-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Stephen Ross, Anthony Bossis, Jeffrey Guss, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Tara Malone, Barry Cohen, Sarah E Mennenga, Alexander Belser, Krystallia Kalliontzi, James Babb, Zhe Su, Patricia Corby, Brian L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant anxiety and depression are common in patients with cancer, and are associated with poor psychiatric and medical outcomes. Historical and recent research suggests a role for psilocybin to treat cancer-related anxiety and depression. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, 29 patients with cancer-related anxiety and depression were randomly assigned and received treatment with single-dose psilocybin (0...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898147/existentiell-kris-i-livets-slutskede-f%C3%A3-rst%C3%A3-rker-de-fysiska-symtomen-minskad-%C3%A3-ngest-och-k%C3%A3-nsla-av-gemenskap-kan-minska-upplevelsen-av-sm%C3%A3-rta
#4
Peter Strang
Existential anxiety might reinforce bodily symptoms All crises have existential elements, but the crisis will transform to a predominantly existential crisis, when the dying person is no longer shielded from stressful thoughts about death, meaninglessness, existential loneliness and unsolved guilt issues. The suffering is not merely on an existential level, as the connection between body and mind is strong and existential anxiety might reinforce bodily symptoms, e.g. pain. In this article, the influence of death anxiety and loneliness is discussed in relation to pain treatment in palliative care...
November 22, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895604/virtue-existential-career-model-a-dialectic-and-integrative-approach-echoing-eastern-philosophy
#5
Shu-Hui Liu, Jui-Ping Hung, Hsin-I Peng, Chia-Hui Chang, Yi-Jen Lu
Our Virtue Existential Career (VEC) model aims at complementing western modernism and postmodernism career theories with eastern philosophy. With dialectical philosophy and virtue-practice derived from the Classic of Changes, the VEC theoretical foundation incorporates merits from Holland typology, Minnesota Theory of Work Adjustment, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Meaning Therapy, Narrative Approach Career Counseling, and Happenstance Learning Theory. While modernism considers a matched job as an ideal career vision and prefers rational strategies (controlling and realizing) to achieve job security; postmodernism prefers appreciating and adapting strategies toward openness and appreciates multiple possible selves and occupations, our model pursues a blending of security and openness via controlling-and-realizing and appreciating-and-adapting interwoven with each other in a dialectical and harmonious way...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892436/study-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-the-medical-students-in-two-medical-colleges-of-nepal
#6
D Kunwar, A Risal, S Koirala
Background Medical education is intended to prepare graduates for a promoting health and caring for the sick. Medical students are confronted with significant academic, psychological and existential stressors. There is insufficient information regarding psychological morbidity among Nepalese medical students. Objective To determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress, among the medical students in Nepal, and its association with sociodemographic characteristics. Method A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted including all students from first to fifth year of student using convenience method of sampling from Kathmandu University Medical School (KUSMS), Dhulikhel and Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873410/where-do-physicians-start-and-end
#7
Rachel H Ellaway, David Topps, Maureen Topps
Medical education is primarily about training physicians and maintaining their capabilities over time. Given that physicians are the primary focus of the field, there is a need for a clear idea of what physicians are or could be. This paper seeks to explore this issue by posing the simple question: ?Where do physicians start and end?' In doing so, the authors explore a series of different conceptual frames, including those of a physician's physical dimensions, their cellular boundaries, personal intentions and beliefs, professional identity, regulation, entrustability, professional performance, extended cognition, and disability...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868259/effectiveness-of-an-experiential-workshop-for-enhancing-helping-professionals-self-competence-in-death-work-in-hong-kong-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Wallace Chi Ho Chan, Agnes Fong Tin, Karen Lok Yi Wong
Helping professionals require self-competence in coping with the existential and emotional challenges of death work. Previous training often focused on knowledge and skills rather than on this competence. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a 3-day workshop in Hong Kong to enhance helping professionals' self-competence in death work. A randomised controlled trial was conducted to examine the effects of the training between January and May 2014. Targeted participants were helping professionals who had been doing death work for at least 6 months...
November 21, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863574/all-the-resources-was-gone-the-environmental-context-of-disaster-nursing
#9
REVIEW
Stasia E Ruskie
US nurses are not prepared for the altered conditions of the disaster environment, nor has the context of providing disaster nursing care been a focus of disaster research. Using an existential phenomenologic approach, US nurses described the "not normal" conditions of the disaster environment they experienced as physically and emotionally challenging, because of the reduced infrastructural capabilities, unfamiliar patient populations, and reliance on low-technology nursing with insufficient staff and supplies...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862933/patterns-in-response-to-chronic-terrorism-threats-a-construct-of-emotional-cognitive-and-behavioral-responses-among-israeli-citizens
#10
Keren Cohen-Louck, Yael Saka
Israeli citizens are exposed to unpredictable and chronic terrorism threats that significantly jeopardize their personal sense of safety. The purpose of the present study is to present how Israeli discourse is structured with regard to emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to chronic terrorism threats and to understand the range of responses as well as map the risk and protective factors of this existential threat. Semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted with 40 Israeli adults (22 women and 18 men)...
November 10, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861460/existential-well-being-spirituality-or-well-being
#11
Anja Visser, Bert Garssen, Ad Jjm Vingerhoets
Measures of spirituality often contain the dimension existential well-being (EWB). However, EWB has been found to overlap with emotional and psychological well-being. Using the Spiritual Attitude and Involvement List (SAIL), we have further investigated the overlap between aspects of spirituality and of well-being among patients with cancer, by determining a) the divergent validity of the subscales of the SAIL compared with a well-being questionnaire and b) the differences in their associations to changes in pain and fatigue, and the occurrence of negative life events...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860038/-i-m-worried-about-getting-water-in-the-holes-in-my-head-a-phenomenological-psychology-case-study-of-the-experience-of-undergoing-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery-for-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Virginia Eatough, Karen Shaw
OBJECTIVES: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a form of biotechnological surgery which has had considerable success for the motor improvement of Parkinson's disease and related disorders. Paradoxically, this observed motor improvement is not matched with improved psychosocial adjustment. This study contributes to a small but growing body of research aiming to understand this paradox. We conclude by discussing these aspects from a phenomenological and health psychology understanding of decision-making, human affectivity, and embodiment...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859526/the-meaning-of-caring-in-prenatal-care-from-swedish-women-s-perspectives
#13
Åsa Larsson, Carola Wärnå-Furu, Yvonne Näsman
AIM: To deepen understanding of the meaning of caring in prenatal care from Swedish women's perspectives. METHOD: Ten women, who had given birth between 1 and 2 months previously, were interviewed. The women have taken part in the routine programme that constitutes maternity care Sweden. A hermeneutic approach inspired by Gadamer was used to analyse the data and gain a deeper understanding of the women's experiences. FINDINGS: Three themes were identified in the hermeneutical analysis...
November 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858198/three-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#14
Myung Kyung Lee, Han Sung Kang, Keun Seok Lee, Eun Sook Lee
Purpose The purpose of this prospective cohort study of breast cancer survivors was to identify factors before diagnosis, during treatment, and after treatment that are associated with return to work (RTW). Methods A total of 288 women with breast cancer (stage I-III) and whose age were 18-65 years-old answered questionnaires at 4-6, 12, 24, and 36 months after diagnosis. The surveys asked about performance of regular exercise and health-related quality of life issues. "RTW at 36 months" was assigned to patients who reported any of the following: working at least twice; no job at baseline but working more than once; job at baseline, stopped working, and then started working again; and working during all 3 years...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852715/does-existential-unease-predict-adult-multimorbidity-analytical-cohort-study-on-embodiment-based-on-the-norwegian-hunt-population
#15
Margret Olafia Tomasdottir, Johann Agust Sigurdsson, Halfdan Petursson, Anna Luise Kirkengen, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Irene Hetlevik, Linn Getz
OBJECTIVES: Multimorbidity is prevalent, and knowledge regarding its aetiology is limited. The general pathogenic impact of adverse life experiences, comprising a wide-ranging typology, is well documented and coherent with the concept allostatic overload (the long-term impact of stress on human physiology) and the notion embodiment (the conversion of sociocultural and environmental influences into physiological characteristics). Less is known about the medical relevance of subtle distress or unease...
November 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846820/self-management-develops-through-doing-of-everyday-activities-a-longitudinal-qualitative-study-of-stroke-survivors-during-two-years-post-stroke
#16
Ton Satink, Staffan Josephsson, Jana Zajec, Edith H C Cup, Bert J M de Swart, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
BACKGROUND: A description of the complexity of the process of self-management and the way stroke survivors give meaning to their process of self-management post-stroke is lacking. This study explores how stroke survivors managed their lives, gave meaning to their self-management post-stroke and how this evolved over time. METHODS: Data was generated through participant observations and interviews of 10 stroke survivors at their homes at 3, 6, 9, 15 and 21 months post-discharge...
November 15, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836922/speed-of-visual-search-in-old-age-1950-to-2016
#17
Patrick Rabbitt
OBJECTIVES: To review work on the effects of old age on speed of visual search and of discriminations between signals and choices of responses between 1950 and 2016. METHODS: Literature review and Brain Google. RESULTS: Mild existential despondency. DISCUSSION: Models for age changes in discrimination between signals and choices of responses have been based on comparisons of speed. The concept of speed has been used in four distinct ways: as a directly measured task performance index, as a hypothetical functional system performance characteristic, as a factor in psychometric models computing mutual variance in calendar age and as a neurophysiological performance characteristic...
November 11, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826261/inhibition-underlies-the-effect-of-high-need-for-closure-on-cultural-closed-mindedness-under-mortality-salience
#18
Dmitrij Agroskin, Eva Jonas, Johannes Klackl, Mike Prentice
The hypothesis that people respond to reminders of mortality with closed-minded, ethnocentric attitudes has received extensive empirical support, largely from research in the Terror Management Theory (TMT) tradition. However, the basic motivational and neural processes that underlie this effect remain largely hypothetical. According to recent neuropsychological theorizing, mortality salience (MS) effects on cultural closed-mindedness may be mediated by activity in the behavioral inhibition system (BIS), which leads to passive avoidance and decreased approach motivation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810569/dignity-and-psychosocial-related-variables-in-advanced-and-non-advanced-cancer-patients-by-using-the-patient-dignity-inventory-italian-version-pdi-it
#19
Luigi Grassi, Anna Costantini, Rosangela Caruso, Serena Brunetti, Paolo Marchetti, Silvana Sabato, Maria Giulia Nanni
CONTEXT: The Patient Dignity Inventory (PDI) is a valid and reliable instrument to measure dignity, as a state of physical, mental, social and spiritual wellbeing in palliative care patients and an essential dimension for a comprehensive patient-centered approach OBJECTIVES: We examined the factor structure and the correlation of the Italian version of the PDI (PDI-IT) with psychosocial variables among advanced and non-advanced cancer outpatients in two Italian centers. METHODS: In a sample of 194 patients principal component analysis, reliability analysis (Cronbach's coefficient alpha), and correlation analysis of the PDI-IT were performed...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806738/an-existential-perspective-on-death-anxiety-retirement-and-related-research-problems
#20
John W Osborne
Aspects of existentialism relevant to existence and death anxiety (DA) are discussed. Included are the "thrownness" of existence, being-with-others, the motivational influence of inevitable death, the search for meaning, making the most of existence by taking responsibility for one's own life, and coping with existential isolation. The attempted separation of DA from object anxiety is a significant difficulty. The correlations among age, gender, and DA are variable. Personality and role-oriented problems in the transition to retirement are discussed along with Erikson's notion of "generativity" as an expression of the energy and purpose of mid-life...
November 3, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
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