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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220680/an-environmental-sociology-for-the-anthropocene
#1
Gary Bowden
Attention to the relationship between nature and society has been a defining feature of environmental sociology since its inception. Early research, incorporating insights from ecology, argued for the need to (1) theorize the causal connections between nature and society and (2) contextualize those connections in terms of biophysical limits resulting from resource scarcity. Over the past two decades, partly in response to new forms of existential threat such as climate change, the treatment of nature and society as distinct entities has given way to a focus on socio-natural assemblages...
February 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219269/the-potentiality-of-a-healthy-self-evaluating-progressively-empowered-internalisation-and-diagnosis-through-the-lens-of-existential-epistemology
#2
Anna Westin
In this article I will examine how the language of diagnosis can engage with existential epistemology to develop a concept of Progressively Empowered Internalisation (PEI). This, I will argue, challenges conceptualisations of diagnosis as articulating and maintaining a static self-concept. It enables the individual to synthesise the language of a particular mental experience within the wider engagement of their own active process of self-becoming. I will suggest that this construction of PEI addresses the limitations of stigmatisation and static self-concepts...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212642/beyond-cultural-stereotyping-views-on-end-of-life-decision-making-among-religious-and-secular-persons-in-the-usa-germany-and-israel
#3
Mark Schweda, Silke Schicktanz, Aviad Raz, Anita Silvers
BACKGROUND: End-of-life decision making constitutes a major challenge for bioethical deliberation and political governance in modern democracies: On the one hand, it touches upon fundamental convictions about life, death, and the human condition. On the other, it is deeply rooted in religious traditions and historical experiences and thus shows great socio-cultural diversity. The bioethical discussion of such cultural issues oscillates between liberal individualism and cultural stereotyping...
February 17, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210480/cross-cultural-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-dutch-mcgill-qol-questionnaire-for-breast-cancer-patients
#4
T De Vrieze, D Coeck, H Verbelen, N Devoogdt, W Tjalma, N Gebruers
AIM OF THE STUDY: Assessing the cross-cultural psychometric properties of the Dutch-MQoL for breast cancer patients. METHODS: 26 patients were recruited at the Antwerp University Hospital. Eligible patients filled in the MQoL on different moments in time in order to evaluate clinimetric properties. To determine the validity; MQoL was correlated to the EORTC QLQ-C30. Internal consistency was analysed using Cronbach's and test-retest reliability was determined by ICC...
December 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205253/supporting-existential-care-with-protected-mealtimes-patients-experiences-of-a-mealtime-intervention-in-a-neurological-ward
#5
Malene Beck, Regner Birkelund, Ingrid Poulsen, Bente Martinsen
AIM: To explore the experiences of patients who were admitted to the neurological ward during an intervention - inspired by Protected Mealtime - that changed the traditional mealtime practice. BACKGROUND: Mealtimes are busy events in hospitals and patients are often interrupted by high-priority tasks (e.g., taking blood samples) while eating. Protected Mealtimes is a British concept that changes the organizational structure of mealtimes and provides a focus on the mealtime by ceasing all non-acute activities while patients are eating...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194194/effect-of-islam-based-religious-program-on-spiritual-wellbeing-in-elderly-with-hypertension
#6
Mahin Moeini, Somaye Sharifi, Mohamed Bagher Kajbaf
BACKGROUND: Lack of spiritual health in patients with hypertension leads to many mental, social, and physical effects, On the other hand, considering the prevalence of hypertension among the elderly, interventions to enhance their spiritual wellbeing is essential. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of religious programs based on Islam on spiritual wellbeing in elderly patients with hypertension who referred to the health centers of Isfahan in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193192/taking-care-of-oneself-by-regaining-control-a-key-to-continue-living-four-to-five-decades-after-a-suicide-attempt-in-severe-depression
#7
Lisa Crona, Margaretha Stenmarker, Agneta Öjehagen, Ulrika Hallberg, Louise Brådvik
BACKGROUND: Depression is a strong risk factor for suicide and suicide attempt. Several studies have examined the pathway to suicide attempt, but few studies have considered aspects important for overcoming being suicidal. The aim of the present study was to examine personal strategies to continue living after a suicide attempt. METHODS: A qualitative grounded theory approach was used. Thirteen former inpatients diagnosed with severe depression (1956-1969) participated in a follow-up 42-56 years after their last suicide attempt, which occurred between the ages of 21 and 45...
February 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186482/the-acceptability-of-the-intervention-revie-%C3%A2-the-nurses%C3%A2-perceptions-and-experiences
#8
Maria Goreti Da Rocha Rodrigues, Sophie Colin, Maya Shaha, Sophie Pautex
Persons with advanced cancer experience high levels of existential distress due to being confronted with their mortality, which leads to feelings of lack of sense, or discouragement. It is important to develop interventions to relieve existential distress to promote the dignity of persons with advanced cancer in order to help them live this difficult experience in the best possible way. A new intervention, called Revie ⊕ and conducted by nurses, was developed. A feasibility study was conducted with 41 patients with advanced cancer in the ambulatory and hospital sector of a university hospital in Switzerland to determine the acceptability of Revie ⊕...
1, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169475/dealing-with-cancer-a-meta-synthesis-of-patients-and-relatives-experiences-of-participating-in-psychosocial-interventions
#9
REVIEW
B Hoeck, L Ledderer, H Ploug Hansen
The aim was to synthesise patients' and relatives' experiences of participating in a psychosocial intervention related to having cancer. The study was a meta-synthesis inspired by Noblit & Hare's 'meta-ethnography' approach. We systematically searched six databases and included 33 studies in the meta-synthesis. Inclusion criteria were qualitative studies with relevance to the synthesis topic. The meta-synthesis conceptualised the way in which participants develop their way of living with cancer, and the role psychosocial interventions play in helping them to live through the illness...
February 7, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164420/an-exploration-of-caregiver-choice-through-the-lens-of-sartrean-existentialism
#10
Kristin L Corey, Mary K McCurry
There are innumerable social and ethical factors which affect one's decision to become an informal caregiver for someone with chronic illness. The existential philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre provides unique insight into human motivation and choice. The purpose of this paper was to examine the social and ethical influences on the individual's decision to become a caregiver through the lens of Sartrean existentialism and discuss how this unique philosophy can advance nursing knowledge. The factors affecting one's choice to become a caregiver were considered using the Sartrean existential concepts of The Other, human freedom, choice, bad faith, shame and authenticity...
February 6, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156679/decision-support-needs-assessment-in-newly-diagnosed-malignant-glioma
#11
Camilo E Fadul, Heather Wishart
: 33 Background: Diagnosis of malignant glioma is catastrophic and standard treatment options remain non-curative. Patients are not guaranteed a good outcome, have significantly decreased QOL and exposure to risk. Shared decision making, is believed to diffuse decisional distress accompanying complex situations. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews explored patient, caregiver and physician perceptions of standard of care treatment recommendations following diagnosis...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156592/symptom-burden-and-distress-in-patients-with-cancer-in-africa
#12
(no author information available yet)
: 255 Background: Cancer has become a significant public health problem in Africa but still most diagnoses are made late, Sitas et al (2006). The need for palliative care is significant due to the late contact with health care providers and the many symptoms they present with. No study has been undertaken to assess symptomatology for these patients in Africa. OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of symptoms in patients with cancer in an African setting. METHODS: Symptom studies from records of patients with cancer referred to the Palliative Care Services at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi in 6 months...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156534/the-benefits-and-burdens-of-cancer-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
Krysta Shutske, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Claire M Wharton, Kevin Scott Baker, Kira O'Neil Bona, Joanne Wolfe, Abby R Rosenberg
: 243 Background: Much of the literature describing psychosocial consequences of cancer among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) has reported negative outcomes; however, AYAs also have potential for protective, positive outcomes. We aimed to prospectively characterize AYA patient-reported benefit and burden-finding after cancer diagnosis and hypothesized that benefit finding would be a salient coping mechanism. METHODS: Semi-structured, 1:1 interviews were conducted with AYA patients after cancer diagnosis at 3 time points over 2 years, to elicit their expectations, hopes, worries, personal strengths, and challenges...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156526/integrating-contemplative-and-spiritual-care-in-outpatient-palliative-care-a-pilot-study
#14
Alex Beth Schapiro
: 247 Background: Spiritual support is associated with better outcomes in cancer care and at the end of life (1, 2). Consensus guidelines advocate for incorporating spiritual care in the provision of specialist level palliative care (3). Contemplative care practices and chaplaincy interventions have the potential for mitigating existential distress, cultivating prognostic awareness, and fostering spiritual approaches to grieving and coping with advanced cancer. We present the results of a pilot program demonstrating the feasibility and impact of integrating a contemplative care chaplain in an outpatient palliative care program in a culturally diverse patient population in a large, academic cancer center...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150044/an-exploratory-study-of-the-worst-case-scenario-exercise-as-an-exposure-treatment-for-fear-of-cancer-recurrence
#15
Chelsea Moran, Christina Tomei, Monique Lefebvre, Cheryl Harris, Christine Maheu, Sophie Lebel
PURPOSE: The worst-case scenario (WCS) exercise is part of a manualized cognitive-existential group intervention for fear of cancer recurrence (FCR). It requires cancer survivors to describe the scenario they most fear when they think about the possibility of their cancer returning and to re-read the scenario daily for 1 week as homework. The purpose of this study was to present this novel clinical treatment for FCR and to examine whether at-home repeated exposure to the WCS was related to pre- and post-therapy FCR levels...
February 2, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146647/chaplains-working-in-palliative-care-who-they-are-and-what-they-do
#16
Jane Jeuland, George Fitchett, Dena Schulman-Green, Jennifer Kapo
BACKGROUND: Palliative care (PC) programs utilize chaplains to address patients' spiritual care needs; however, there is no comprehensive description of chaplaincy in PC programs nationally. OBJECTIVE: To describe chaplains working in PC across the United States, including their integration on the PC team and visit content. DESIGN: National online survey conducted February-April 2015. SUBJECTS: We invited participation from hospital-based chaplains belonging to four national professional chaplain associations who spent 15% or more of their working hours with PC teams...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144787/-centenarians-preparing-for-the-end-of-life
#17
Simon Eggert, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Ralf Suhr, Dagmar Dräger
BACKGROUND: The population of centenarians has grown immensely in Germany but has yet hardly been considered in research on dying and death. Due to their very old age centenarians are especially intensively confronted with the challenge of the end of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze how centenarians handle the existential challenge of the end of life and which aspects are especially significant for them. Conclusions drawn from this analysis were used to identify factors to improve the needs-based provision of care...
January 31, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132602/including-personal-development-in-palliative-care-education-to-address-death-anxiety
#18
Carol Gouveia Melo, Jenny Billings
BACKGROUND: Death anxiety may interfere with health care workers' (HCW) relationship with patients and their families. AIMS: Evaluate an intervention to address death anxiety and improve HCW skills dealing with patients/families in palliative and end-of-life care. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental mixed methods approach with a pre-test/post-test design. PARTICIPANTS: 208 HCWs receiving the intervention and working in end-of-life care, in and out of palliative care units, were invited to answer quantitative and qualitative questionnaires...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132055/atmosphere-on-the-phenomenology-of-atmospheric-alterations-in-schizophrenia-overall-sense-of-reality-familiarity-vitality-meaning-or-relevance-ancillary-article-to-eawe-domain-5
#19
Louis Sass, Matthew Ratcliffe
"Atmospheric" alterations are key aspects of altered subjectivity in mental disorder. Karl Jaspers famously described the "delusional mood": a sense of uncanny salience and ominousness that often precedes the onset of schizophrenic psychosis or of delusions. Such experiences, he writes, involve "a transformation in our total awareness of reality" that often verges on ineffability. In psychiatry, these experiential alterations are often referred to in terms of "derealization." Though derealization most obviously refers to a decline in the sense of objective presence or felt actuality, it can also refer to other unusual experiences in which things seem unlike normal or standard reality, including altered familiarity, vitality, meaning, or relevance...
January 28, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129084/the-effect-of-horticultural-therapy-on-the-quality-of-life-of-palliative-care-patients
#20
Claudia Kam-Yuk Lai, Carmen Ka-Yan Lau, Wai Yin Kan, Wai Man Lam, Connie Yuen Yee Fung
Palliative care patients experienced a variety of needs and perceived their quality of life as being only fair. This study adopted a single group repeated-measure design to investigate the effect of horticultural therapy on the quality of life of palliative care patients using the Quality of Life Concern in End of Life Questionnaire. Significant differences in the domains of "existential distress" and "health care concern" were observed immediately post-intervention and at four weeks post-intervention, respectively...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
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