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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775348/synthesis-of-d-galactosamine-and-d-allosamine-derivatives-via-a-microwave-assisted-preparation-of-1-6-anhydroglucosamine
#1
Vijay M Dhurandhare, Yuh-Sheng Wen, Sachin D Gawande, Pin-Hsuan Liao, Cheng-Chung Wang
We report a microwave-assisted intramolecular anomeric protection (iMAP) of glucosamine, which facilitates concise transformation of 1,6-anhydroglucosamine into 1,6-anhydrogalactosamine and 1,6-anhydroallosamine. The iMAP simultaneously obviates both the O1 and O6 protection, and the differentiation between O3 and O4 can be well-controlled by the N2 functionality because of the hydrogen bonding between N2 and O4. Epimerization of O4 afforded the galactosamine derivative and that of O3 yielded allosamine.
October 24, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741416/utility-of-superiorly-based-masseter-muscle-flap-for-postablative-retromaxillary-reconstruction
#2
Chandrashekhar R Bande, Akshay Mishra, M K Gupta, Manu Goel, Mayur J Gawande
PURPOSE: Resections in the posterior component of the oral cavity usually lead to severe functional compromise and lower quality of life for patients. Notable advances in reconstruction of the posterior part of the mouth and of the oropharynx have occurred in recent decades. The anatomic and physiologic rehabilitation of the defect to a reasonable outcome with low morbidity and mortality remains the founding basis of any surgical reconstruction, which also holds true for oral oropharyngeal and retromaxillary reconstructions...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689252/clinical-sonographic-and-pathologic-characteristics-of-ras-positive-versus-braf-positive-thyroid-carcinoma
#3
Sujay Kakarmath, Howard T Heller, Caroline A Alexander, Edmund S Cibas, Jeffrey F Krane, Justine A Barletta, Neal I Lindeman, Mary C Frates, Carol B Benson, Atul A Gawande, Nancy L Cho, Matthew Nehs, Francis D Moore, Ellen Marqusee, Mathew I Kim, P Reed Larsen, Norra Kwong, Trevor E Angell, Erik K Alexander
CONTEXT: Mutations in the BRAF and RAS oncogenes are responsible for most well-differentiated thyroid cancer. Yet, our clinical understanding of how BRAF-positive and RAS-positive thyroid cancers differ is incomplete. OBJECTIVE: We correlated clinical, radiographic, and pathologic findings from patients with thyroid cancer harboring a BRAF or RAS mutation. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study Setting: Academic, tertiary care hospital Patients: 101 consecutive patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer Main Outcome Measure: We compared the clinical, sonographic, and pathologic characteristics of patients with BRAF-positive cancer to those with RAS-positive cancer...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683297/immediate-versus-delayed-aggressive-physical-therapy-following-buccal-fat-pad-interposition-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-a-prospective-study-in-central-india
#4
Chandrashekhar Bande, Pawan Dawane, M K Gupta, Mayur Gawande, Vijay Rode
PURPOSE: Oral submucous fibrosis is a disease of an Indian subcontinent with obscure aetiology and poorly treated with varying signs and symptoms. OSMF occurs at any age but is most commonly seen in teenagers and adults in the age ranging between 16 and 35 years. A number of surgical treatments have been used for the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis with unpredictable results. PATIENTS AND METHOD: In this study, 220 patients were randomly divided into two groups with mouth opening less than 16 mm and evaluated with immediate and delayed aggressive physiotherapy with buccal fat pad interposition after fibrotomy...
September 28, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664881/postoperative-acute-care-use-after-freestanding-ambulatory-surgery
#5
George Molina, Bridget A Neville, Stuart R Lipsitz, Lorri Gibbons, Ashley Kay Childers, Atul A Gawande, William R Berry, Alex B Haynes
BACKGROUND: Surgical procedures in the United States are increasingly performed in the ambulatory setting, including freestanding ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs). However, there is a lack of research and tracking of surgical outcomes in this setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from a state all-payer claims database to produce a retrospective cohort study on the rate of acute care use (emergency department [ED] visits and inpatient admissions) within 7 d after operations performed in freestanding ASCs in South Carolina...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642053/cluster-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-team-training-on-surgical-outcomes
#6
A Duclos, J L Peix, V Piriou, P Occelli, A Denis, S Bourdy, M J Carty, A A Gawande, F Debouck, C Vacca, J C Lifante, C Colin
BACKGROUND: The application of safety principles from the aviation industry to the operating room has offered hope in reducing surgical complications. This study aimed to assess the impact on major surgical complications of adding an aviation-based team training programme after checklist implementation. METHODS: A prospective parallel-group cluster trial was undertaken between September 2011 and March 2013. Operating room teams from 31 hospitals were assigned randomly to participate in a team training programme focused on major concepts of crew resource management and checklist utilization...
December 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580484/economic-impact-of-surgical-complications-on-hospitals
#7
Barry Rosenberg, Bennett Lane, Atul Gawande
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579301/a-sustainable-and-efficient-synthesis-of-benzyl-phosphonates-using-peg-ki-catalytic-system
#8
Shamrao Disale, Sandip Kale, George Abraham, Sandeep Kahandal, Ashish N Sawarkar, Manoj B Gawande
An efficient and expedient protocol for the synthesis of benzyl phosphonates using KI/K2CO3 as a catalytic system and PEG-400 as benign solvent has been developed. The reaction proceeds smoothly at room temperature achieving excellent selectivity and yield of the corresponding products. The combination of PEG-400, KI, and K2CO3 in this reaction avoids the need of volatile/toxic organic solvents and reactive alkali metals or metal nanoparticles/hydrides. We believe that this benign combination (PEG-400 and KI) could be used for other related organic transformations...
2016: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555735/documentation-of-postmortem-changes-in-salivary-gland-architecture-and-staining-characteristics
#9
Swati Agarwal, Minal Chaudhary, Madhuri Gawande, Puneet Gupta
CONTEXT: Estimation of time passed since death continues to be a major problem for the forensic pathologist and its determination plays an important and vital role in medico-legal cases. The histological studies on various tissues after death have been mostly confined to single organ or tissue by individual workers at different atmospheric conditions. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the best rehydrating solution for dehydrated tissues in postmortem examination...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555730/histopathological-evaluation-of-tissue-undergoing-thermal-insult
#10
Minal Chaudhary, Dushyant Bonde, Swati Patil, Madhuri Gawande, Alka Hande, Deepali Jain
CONTEXT: Thermal insult is the major cause of thermal injury or death and in case of death due to thermal injury the body often has to be recovered from the site. Histologically, one can predict whether the victim was alive or dead when the fire was on going. However, determination of probable cause of thermal insult to which victim subjected to be difficult when the victim's body is found somewhere else from the crime scene or accident site or found alone. Hence, histopathological evaluation of the tissue which has undergone thermal insult in such conditions could help to place evidence in front of law officials, regarding probable condition, or scenario at time of burn of victim...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454565/being-mortal-illness-medicine-and-what-matters-in-the-end-by-atul-gawande
#11
Erica Borgstrom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385865/whatsapp-addiction-and-borderline-personality-disorder-a-new-therapeutic-challenge
#12
Abhijeet D Faye, Sushil Gawande, Rahul Tadke, Vivek C Kirpekar, Sudhir H Bhave
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350301/integrating-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-quality-checks-into-the-world-health-organization-s-safe-surgery-checklist-a-pilot-study
#13
Judith M Wong, William R G Perry, Yelena Greenberg, Allen L Ho, Stuart R Lipsitz, Liliana C Goumnerova, Edward R Laws, William R Berry, Atul A Gawande, Angela M Bader
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts for improvement, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt failure rates remain high. Recent studies have shown promising reductions in failure rates and infection rates with the routine use of perioperative checklists. This study was conducted to pilot test the feasibility and efficacy of integrating specific CSF shunt surgery quality checks into the World Health Organization (WHO) Surgical Safety Checklist. METHODS: We designed CSF shunt checklist quality items according to a previously established methodology, including solicitation of best practices by a national multidisciplinary expert panel...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27173122/five-minutes-with-%C3%A2-atul-gawande
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049781/implementation-of-the-surgical-safety-checklist-in-south-carolina-hospitals-is-associated-with-improvement-in-perceived-perioperative-safety
#15
George Molina, Wei Jiang, Lizabeth Edmondson, Lorri Gibbons, Lyen C Huang, Mathew V Kiang, Alex B Haynes, Atul A Gawande, William R Berry, Sara J Singer
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that surgical safety checklists (SSCs) are associated with reductions in postoperative morbidity and mortality as well as improvement in teamwork and communication. These findings stem from evaluations of individual or small groups of hospitals. Studies with more hospitals have assessed the relationship of checklists with teamwork at a single point in time. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a large-scale implementation of SSCs on staff perceptions of perioperative safety in the operating room...
May 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047055/molecular-identification-of-campylobacter-jejuni-and-coli-from-chicken-calves-and-dogs-to-determine-its-potential-threat-on-human-being
#16
Sonuwara Begum, M Sekar, L Gunaseelan, Monica Gawande, G Suganya, P Annal Selva Malar, A Karthikeyan
AIM: Campylobacter is an emerging zoonotic pathogen and one of the leading cause of foodborne infection worldwide and it has been isolated from a variety of animal species. The aim of this study was to identify Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli from dogs, calves, and poultry using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). METHODOLOGY: A total of 104 number of samples comprising cloacal swab from poultry (38), a rectal swab from dogs (40), and calves (26) were collected for the isolation of thermophilic Campylobacters using conventional culture method...
December 2015: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047028/assessment-of-semen-quality-in-pure-and-crossbred-jersey-bulls
#17
Umesh Kumar, Ajay P Gawande, Sunil K Sahatpure, Manoj S Patil, Chetan K Lakde, Sachin W Bonde, Pradnyankur L Borkar, Ajay J Poharkar, Baldeo R Ramteke
AIM: To compare the seminal attributes of neat, pre-freeze (at equilibration), and post-freeze (24 h after freezing) semen in pure and crossbred Jersey bulls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 36 ejaculates (3 ejaculates from each bull) were collected from 6 pure Jersey and 6 crossbred Jersey bulls and evaluated for various seminal attributes during neat, pre-freeze, and post-freeze semen. RESULTS: The mean (±standard error [SE]) values of neat semen characteristics in pure and crossbred Jersey bulls were recorded such as volume (ml), color, consistency, mass activity (scale: 0-5), and sperm concentration (millions/ml)...
October 2015: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27010875/dr-atul-gawande-on-being-mortal-does-it-matter
#18
Iwona Stolarek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27010584/identification-of-novel-oncogenic-mutations-in%C3%A2-thyroid-cancer
#19
Susan C Pitt, Roland A Hernandez, Matthew A Nehs, Atul A Gawande, Francis D Moore, Daniel T Ruan, Nancy L Cho
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer patients frequently have favorable outcomes. However, a small subset develops aggressive disease refractory to traditional treatments. Therefore, we sought to characterize oncogenic mutations in thyroid cancers to identify novel therapeutic targets that may benefit patients with advanced, refractory disease. STUDY DESIGN: Data on 239 thyroid cancer specimens collected between January 2009 and September 2014 were obtained from the Dana Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center...
June 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991690/cellular-cannibalism-in-giant-cells-of-central-giant-cell-granuloma-of-jaw-bones-and-giant-cell-tumors-of-long-bones
#20
Gargi S Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Shailesh Gawande, Snehal Patil, Rahul Anand, Shankar Gouda Patil, Prakash Patil
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) and giant cell tumor of long bones (GCT) with respect to cannibalistic giant cells (GCs). METHOD: Sixteen cases each of CGCG and GCT were histopathologically analyzed for cannibalistic GCs. One hundred GCs were examined in each section, and the number of cannibalistic GCs was expressed in percentage. RESULTS: Cannibalistic GCs were seen in all cases of CGCG and GCT (100%)...
March 15, 2016: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
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