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Charles Agyemang, Karlijn Meeks, Erik Beune, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Juliet Addo, Ama de Graft Aikins, Silver Bahendeka, Ina Danquah, Matthias B Schulze, Joachim Spranger, Tom Burr, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Stephen K Amoah, Cecilia Galbete, Peter Henneman, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Mary Nicolaou, Adebowale Adeyemo, Jan van Straalen, Liam Smeeth, Karien Stronks
BACKGROUND: Rising rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are impending major threats to the health of African populations, but the extent to which they differ between rural and urban settings in Africa and upon migration to Europe is unknown. We assessed the burden of obesity and T2D among Ghanaians living in rural and urban Ghana and Ghanaian migrants living in different European countries. METHODS: A multi-centre cross-sectional study was conducted among Ghanaian adults (n = 5659) aged 25-70 years residing in rural and urban Ghana and three European cities (Amsterdam, London and Berlin)...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medicine
C W J van Tilburg, D L Stronks, J G Groeneweg, F J P M Huygen
BACKGROUND: Investigate the effect of percutaneous radiofrequency compared to a sham procedure, applied to the ramus communicans for treatment of lumbar disc pain. METHODS: Randomized sham-controlled, double-blind, crossover, multicenter clinical trial. Multidisciplinary pain centres of two general hospitals. Sixty patients aged 18 or more with medical history and physical examination suggestive for lumbar disc pain and a reduction of two or more on a numerical rating scale (0-10) after a diagnostic ramus communicans test block...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
N Kriek, J G Groeneweg, D L Stronks, D de Ridder, F J P M Huygen
BACKGROUND: Conventional tonic spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an effective treatment for patients with therapy-resistant complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Although the therapeutic effect of SCS can diminish over time due to tolerance, pain control can be regained by changing the pulse width and the amplitude and/or by increasing the stimulation frequency. This multicentre, double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled crossover trial was conducted to investigate whether more effective pain reduction is achieved with different frequencies (trial registration, current controlled trials, ISRCTN 36655259)...
October 7, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Charles Agyemang, Erik Beune, Karlijn Meeks, Juliet Addo, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Silver Bahendeka, Ina Danquah, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Matthias B Schulze, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Liam Smeeth, Karien Stronks
Type 2 diabetes and obesity are major global public health problems, with migrant populations in high-income countries being particularly affected. Type 2 diabetes and obesity are also major threats in low- and middle-income countries, from which most migrant populations originate. Transitioning of societies and the resulting changes in lifestyles are thought to be major driving forces, but the key specific factors within this broad category still need to be determined. Migrant studies provide a unique opportunity to understand the potential underlying causes of these conditions, but current research is mainly geared toward analyzing the differences between migrants and the host populations in the countries of settlement...
October 5, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
H Christiaan Stronks, Ellen B Mitchell, Amy C Nau, Nick Barnes
The BrainPort® V100 Vision Aid is a non-invasive assistive device for the blind based on sensory substitution. The device translates camera images into electrotactile stimuli delivered to the tongue. The BrainPort has recently received the CE mark and FDA approval and it is currently marketed to augment, rather than replace, the traditional assistive technologies such as the white cane or guide dog. Areas covered: In this work, we will review the functional studies performed to date with the BrainPort and we will highlight the critical factors that determine device performance, including the technology behind the BrainPort, the impediments to assessing device performance, and the impact of device training and rehabilitation...
October 5, 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Mirte A G Kuipers, Stephanie D Brandhof, Karin Monshouwer, Karien Stronks, Anton E Kunst
AIMS: To estimate the impact of introducing sales restriction laws in Europe by measuring changes in adolescent smoking prevalence and perceived obtainability of cigarettes over time in countries that have recently introduced sales restriction laws (intervention countries). These countries were compared with countries where such laws were already in force (control countries). The secondary aim was to test whether these trends differed between adolescents of higher and lower socioeconomic position (SEP)...
September 10, 2016: Addiction
M Jambroes, M Lamkaddem, K Stronks, M L Essink-Bot
OBJECTIVE: The progress in workforce planning in preventive youth health care (YHC) is hampered by a lack of data on the current workforce. This study aimed to enumerate the Dutch YHC workforce. To understand regional variations in workforce capacity we compared these with the workforce capacity and the number of children and indicators of YHC need per region. METHODS: A national survey was conducted using online questionnaires based on WHO essential public health operations among all YHC workers...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
M Nicolaou, M G J Gademan, M B Snijder, R H H Engelbert, H Dijkshoorn, C B Terwee, K Stronks
PURPOSE: To investigate the reliability and validity of the SQUASH physical activity (PA) questionnaire in a multi-ethnic population living in the Netherlands. METHODS: We included participants from the HELIUS study, a population-based cohort study. In this study we included Dutch (n = 114), Turkish (n = 88), Moroccan (n = 74), South-Asian Surinamese (n = 98) and African Surinamese (n = 91) adults, aged 18-70 years. The SQUASH was self-administered twice to assess test-re-test reliability (mean interval 6-7 weeks) and participants wore an accelerometer and heart rate monitor (Actiheart) to enable assessment of construct validity...
2016: PloS One
Mariël Droomers, Birthe Jongeneel-Grimen, Jan-Willem Bruggink, Anton Kunst, Karien Stronks
AIM: To study the general health impact of urban regeneration programmes in deprived Dutch districts. We compared initiatives that focused on the improvement of place with initiatives that mainly invested in people. METHOD: A quasi-experimental design compared the trend in good perceived general health in the target districts with comparison districts. Generalized general mixed models assessed the rate of change in prevalence of good health per half year during a prolonged period before and after the start of the interventions...
September 2016: Health & Place
Hibbah Araba Osei-Kwasi, Mary Nicolaou, Katie Powell, Laura Terragni, Lea Maes, Karien Stronks, Nanna Lien, Michelle Holdsworth
BACKGROUND: Europe has a growing population of ethnic minority groups whose dietary behaviours are potentially of public health concern. To promote healthier diets, the factors driving dietary behaviours need to be understood. This review mapped the broad range of factors influencing dietary behaviour among ethnic minority groups living in Europe, in order to identify research gaps in the literature to guide future research. METHODS: A systematic mapping review was conducted (protocol registered with PROSPERO 2014: CRD42014013549)...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Samuel Oji Oti, Steven van de Vijver, Gabriela B Gomez, Charles Agyemang, Thaddaeus Egondi, Catherine Kyobutungi, Karien Stronks
OBJECTIVE: To describe the processes, outcomes and costs of implementing a multi-component, community-based intervention for hypertension among adults aged > 35 years in a large slum in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: The intervention in 2012-2013 was based on four components: awareness-raising; improved access to screening; standardized clinical management of hypertension; and long-term retention in care. Using multiple sources of data, including administrative records and surveys, we described the inputs and outputs of each intervention activity and estimated the outcomes of each component and the impact of the intervention...
July 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Dionne S Kringos, Jennifer R van den Broeke, Arnold P M van der Lee, Thomas Plochg, Karien Stronks
BACKGROUND: To explore changes in utilization patterns for general practice (GP) and hospital care of people living in deprived neighbourhoods when primary care providers work in a more coherent and coordinated manner by applying an integrated approach. METHODS: We compared expected (based on consumption patterns of a health insurers' total population) and actual utilization patterns in a deprived Dutch intervention district in the city of Utrecht (Overvecht) with control districts 1 (Noordwest) and 2 (Kanaleneiland) over the period 2006-2011, when an integrated care approach was increasingly provided in the intervention district...
2016: BMC Public Health
Kenneth O Anujuo, Tanja G M Vrijkotte, Karien Stronks, Girardin Jean-Louis, Charles O Agyemang
BACKGROUND: Studies on adult population indicate shorter sleep duration in ethnic minority groups than host populations. We examined ethnic differences in sleep duration and its relationship with overweight and blood pressure (BP) among children living in Amsterdam. METHODS: Participants include 2384 children (aged 5 years) and their mothers from the Amsterdam-based longitudinal study. Sleep was categorised into short sleep (<10 h/night) and normal sleep (10-11 h/night)...
July 1, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
Umar Z Ikram, Marieke B Snijder, Charles Agyemang, Aart H Schene, Ron J G Peters, Karien Stronks, Anton E Kunst
OBJECTIVE: Ethnic differences in the metabolic syndrome could be explained by perceived ethnic discrimination (PED). It is unclear whether PED is associated with the metabolic syndrome. We assessed this association and quantified the contribution of PED to the metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Baseline data were used from the Healthy Life in an Urban Setting study collected in the Netherlands from 2011 to 2014. The population-based sample included South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Ghanaian, Turkish, and Moroccan participants (aged 18 to 70 years)...
June 29, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Jessica S Gubbels, Stef P J Kremers, Mariël Droomers, Cees Hoefnagels, Karien Stronks, Clemens Hosman, Sjerp de Vries
The aim of the study is to assess the impact of perceived and objective changes in greenery on physical activity and mental health of adolescents and adults living in severely deprived neighborhoods in the Netherlands. Longitudinal data regarding changes in greenery, walking, cycling, and depressive symptoms (CES-D), were gathered for 401 adolescents and 454 adults, using questionnaires and interviews with local district managers. Multivariate linear regression models examined the association between greenery and outcome variables, correcting for demographic and socioeconomic covariates and season...
July 2016: Health & Place
Catelijne M van Bussel, Dirk L Stronks, Frank J P M Huygen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the phenotypes of patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) of the knee to those with CRPS of the ankle/foot. SETTING: A retrospective study. SUBJECTS: Patients with CRPS of the knee and patients with CRPS of the ankle/foot. METHODS: We used electronic patient databases to identify patients with CRPS of the knee and patients with CRPS of the ankle/foot. The following variables were recorded: age, gender, duration of complaints, initial injury, and symptoms and signs...
June 10, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Jizzo R Bosdriesz, Marc C Willemsen, Karien Stronks, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: Higher Tobacco Control Scale (TCS) scores, in the early 2000s were associated with higher smoking cessation rates across Europe, both among lower and higher educated people. We aimed to assess if this association held in recent years. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional Eurobarometer surveys were used, in 27 European countries from 2006 to 2012 (study sample=73,617 adults). We used multilevel regression to model associations between the TCS (ranging from 0 to 100, quantifying: tobacco price, smoke-free laws, mass-media campaigns, advertising bans, warning labels, and cessation support) and both smoking cessation and cigarettes smoked per day...
August 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Fiona E Benson, Gera E Nagelhout, Vera Nierkens, Marc C Willemsen, Karien Stronks
In 2011, the Dutch government reimbursed smoking cessation pharmacotherapy with behavioral therapy for quitting smokers. We investigate whether inequalities in the use of pharmacotherapy change and, if not, whether this is due to a relatively positive injunctive norm in lower socioeconomic status (SES) groups. A total of 75,415 participants aged ≥15 years from the Dutch Continuous Survey of Smoking Habits, 2009-2012, were considered with the following measures: SES (education/income), injunctive norm (mostly acceptable/neutral/mostly unacceptable), period (2011/all other years), and pharmacotherapy use (yes/no)...
2016: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
H Christiaan Stronks, Daniel J Parker, Nick Barnes
Tactile vision substitution devices are assistive devices for the blind that redirect visual information to the skin. The amount of visual information that can be presented on a tactile display is limited mainly by the spatial resolution of the skin and the ability to distinguish between various vibration intensities. In this study we have determined the two-point discrimination (TPD) threshold and intensity-discrimination threshold (just-noticeable difference, or JND) on the lower back using coin motors. Given the importance of stimulus timing, we have determined TPD threshold and JND at different stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs)...
May 17, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
Qaisar Raza, Mary Nicolaou, Marieke B Snijder, Karien Stronks, Jacob C Seidell
OBJECTIVE: To test Koctürk's model of dietary change among South-Asian Surinamese in the Netherlands. The model categorizes foods into staple, complementary and accessory foods and postulates that dietary change after migration begins with accessory foods while foods associated with ethnic identity (staple foods) change at a slower rate. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the HELIUS study. Dietary intake was assessed with an FFQ. Acculturation was based on social contacts and sense of belonging and was translated into four strategies of acculturation: assimilation, integration, separation and marginalization...
April 28, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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