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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096749/evidence-based-information-needs-of-public-health-workers-a-systematized-review
#1
REVIEW
Jill Barr-Walker
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed public health workers' evidence-based information needs, based on a review of the literature using a systematic search strategy. This study is based on a thesis project conducted as part of the author's master's in public health coursework and is considered a systematized review. METHODS: Four databases were searched for English-language articles published between 2005 and 2015: PubMed, Web of Science, Library Literature & Information Science Index, and Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts (LISTA)...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096227/atypical-presentation-of-bezold-s-and-citelli-s-abscesses-with-recollection-following-an-incomplete-postoperative-course-of-antibiotics
#2
Sadik Quoraishi, Jayan George, Amir Farboud, Conor Marnane
Bezold's and Citelli's abscesses are rare complications of otitis media. We present a case of a 44-year-old Eastern European man, with a history of recurrent otitis media, who was admitted to hospital with mastoiditis and initially treated with antibiotics. Despite clinical improvement, a CT scan showed mastoiditis with Bezold's and Citelli's abscesses. The patient underwent a myringotomy and grommet insertion, in addition to a cortical mastoidectomy and curettage of the neck abscesses. After a good recovery, he was discharged home...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095999/challenges-and-strategies-for-conducting-sensitive-research-with-an-arab-american-population
#3
Shahrazad M Timraz, Dalia I Alhasanat, Maha M Albdour, Linda Lewin, Carmen Giurgescu, Karen Kavanaugh
Recruiting minority groups such as Arab Americans (Ar-Am) for research studies has been challenging. To date no studies were found that explicitly addressed challenges to recruit Ar-Am for sensitive research. The purpose of this article is to present the challenges across three pilot studies that involved Ar-Am samples and the strategies that were implemented to overcome these challenges. The challenges faced with conducting studies with Ar-Am included difficulty for participants to express emotions, influence of male/female authority to consent for the study, lack of trust to disclose sensitive information, language barrier, and slow recruitment...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089133/-you-have-a-swelling-the-language-of-cancer-diagnosis-and-implications-for-cancer-management-in-kenya
#4
Jennifer Nyawira Githaiga, Leslie Swartz
OBJECTIVE: To examine the ramifications of language as a vehicle of communication in the Kenyan healthcare system. METHODS: (1) A review of literature search on language access and health care in Kenya, using Scopus, Web of Science, Ebscohost, ProQuest and Google Scholar electronic databases. (2) Two illustrative case studies from a Nairobi based qualitative research project on family cancer caregivers' experiences. RESULTS: Evidence from the case studies shows that language barriers may hinder understanding of cancer diagnoses and consequently, the nature of interventions sought by family members as informal caregivers of cancer patients...
January 10, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087986/barriers-to-access-to-opioid-medicines-for-patients-with-opioid-dependence-a-review-of-legislation-and-regulations-in-eleven-central-and-eastern-european-countries
#5
Marjolein J M Vranken, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse, Saskia Jünger, Lukas Radbruch, Willem Scholten, John A Lisman, Marija Subataite, Marie-Hélène D B Schutjens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Barriers linked to drug control systems are considered to contribute to inequitable access to controlled medicines, leaving millions of people in pain and suffering. Most studies focus on access to opioids for the treatment of severe (cancer) pain. This study aims to identify specific access barriers for patients with opioid dependence in legislation and regulations of 11 Central and Eastern European countries. METHODS: This study builds on a previous analysis of legislation and regulations as part of the EU 7th Framework Access To Opioid Medication in Europe (ATOME) project...
January 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087847/addressing-disparities-in-low-back-pain-care-by-developing-culturally-appropriate-information-for-aboriginal-australians-my-back-on-track-my-future
#6
Ivan B Lin, Kim Ryder, Juli Coffin, Charmaine Green, Eric Dalgety, Brian Scott, Leon M Straker, Anne J Smith, Peter B O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES : Addressing disparities in low back pain care (LBP) is an important yet largely unaddressed issue. One avenue to addressing disparities, recommended by clinical guidelines, is to ensure that LBP information is culturally appropriate. Our objectives were, first, to develop LBP information that was culturally appropriate for Aboriginal Australians living in a rural area and, second, to compare this to traditional information. METHODS : The overall information development process was guided by a "cultural security" framework and included partnerships between Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal investigators, a synthesis of research evidence, and participation of a project steering group consisting of local Aboriginal people...
January 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076923/how-schools-can-promote-healthy-development-for-newly-arrived-immigrant-and-refugee-adolescents-research-priorities
#7
Clea A McNeely, Lyn Morland, S Benjamin Doty, Laurie L Meschke, Summer Awad, Altaf Husain, Ayat Nashwan
BACKGROUND: The US education system must find creative and effective ways to foster the healthy development of the approximately 2 million newly arrived immigrant and refugee adolescents, many of whom contend with language barriers, limited prior education, trauma, and discrimination. We identify research priorities for promoting the school success of these youth. METHODS: The study used the 4-phase priority-setting method of the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076531/anxious-and-depressed-women-s-experiences-of-emotional-suffering-and-help-seeking-in-a-rio-de-janeiro-favela
#8
Karen Athié, Christopher Dowrick, Alice Lopes do Amaral Menezes, Luanda Cruz, Ana Cristina Lima, Pedro Gabriel Godinho Delgado, Cesar Favoretto, Sandra Fortes
Taking into consideration issues such as stigma and the mental health gap, this study explores narratives of anxious and depressed women treated in a community-based primary care service in a Rio de Janeiro favela about their suffering and care. We analysed 13 in-depth interviews using questions from Kadam's study. Framework analysis studied Access, Gateway, Trust, Psychosocial Issues, and Primary Mental Health Care, as key-concepts. Vulnerability and accessibility were the theoretical references. Thematic analysis found "suffering category", highlighting family and community problems, and "help seeking category", indicating how these women have coped with their emotional problems and addressed their needs through health services, community resources and self-help...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074754/legal-and-ethical-imperatives-for-using-certified-sign-language-interpreters-in-health-care-settings-how-to-do-no-harm-when-it-s-all-greek-sign-language-to-you
#9
Angela M Nonaka
Communication obstacles in health care settings adversely impact patient-practitioner interactions by impeding service efficiency, reducing mutual trust and satisfaction, or even endangering health outcomes. When interlocutors are separated by language, interpreters are required. The efficacy of interpreting, however, is constrained not just by interpreters' competence but also by health care providers' facility working with interpreters. Deaf individuals whose preferred form of communication is a signed language often encounter communicative barriers in health care settings...
September 1, 2016: Care Management Journals: Journal of Case Management ; the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068998/a-qualitative-study-on-african-immigrant-and-refugee-families-experiences-of-accessing-primary-health-care-services-in-manitoba-canada-it-s-not-easy
#10
Roberta Lynn Woodgate, David Shiyokha Busolo, Maryanne Crockett, Ruth Anne Dean, Miriam R Amaladas, Pierre J Plourde
BACKGROUND: Immigrant and refugee families form a growing proportion of the Canadian population and experience barriers in accessing primary health care services. The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of access to primary health care by African immigrant and refugee families. METHODS: Eighty-three families originating from 15 African countries took part in multiple open ended interviews in western Canada. Qualitative data was collected in six different languages between 2013 and 2015...
January 9, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068424/scientific-evidence-and-potential-barriers-in-the-management-of-brazilian-protected-areas
#11
Eduardo L H Giehl, Marcela Moretti, Jessica C Walsh, Marco A Batalha, Carly N Cook
Protected areas are a crucial tool for halting the loss of biodiversity. Yet, the management of protected areas is under resourced, impacting the ability to achieve effective conservation actions. Effective management depends on the application of the best available knowledge, which can include both scientific evidence and the local knowledge of onsite managers. Despite the clear value of evidence-based conservation, there is still little known about how much scientific evidence is used to guide the management of protected areas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065435/patient-involvement-and-language-barriers-problems-of-agreement-or-understanding
#12
Anne Marie Dalby Landmark, Jan Svennevig, Jennifer Gerwing, Pål Gulbrandsen
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explicate efforts for realizing patient-centeredness (PCC) and involvement (SDM) in a difficult decision-making situation. It investigates what communicative strategies a physician used and the immediate, observable consequences for patient participation. METHODS: From a corpus of videotaped hospital encounters, one case in which the physician and patient used Norwegian as lingua franca was selected for analysis using conversation analysis (CA)...
December 14, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062822/improving-health-care-for-spanish-speaking-rural-dairy-farm-workers
#13
Caledonia Buckheit, Dwan Pineros, Ardis Olson, Deborah Johnson, Stephen Genereaux
BACKGROUND: Dartmouth Geisel Migrant Health (DGMH) is a medical student group that provides on-site health services for Spanish-speaking dairy workers in rural Vermont and New Hampshire in conjunction with a federally qualified health center (FQHC). STUDY OBJECTIVE: This project was undertaken to evaluate and improve the services provided by DGMH and the FQHC and to refine understanding of the target population. METHODS: We surveyed 25 workers at 6 collaborating dairy farms to identify health priorities and concerns and perceived barriers and facilitators to health care for these workers...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060053/safety-net-hospitals-face-more-barriers-yet-use-fewer-strategies-to-reduce-readmissions
#14
Jose F Figueroa, Karen E Joynt, Xiner Zhou, Endel J Orav, Ashish K Jha
OBJECTIVE: US hospitals that care for vulnerable populations, "safety-net hospitals" (SNHs), are more likely to incur penalties under the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program, which penalizes hospitals with higher-than-expected readmissions. Understanding whether SNHs face unique barriers to reducing readmissions or whether they underuse readmission-prevention strategies is important. DESIGN: We surveyed leadership at 1600 US acute care hospitals, of whom 980 participated, between June 2013 and January 2014...
January 3, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057608/acupuncture-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Taipin Guo, Bowen Zhu, Qian Zhang, Yejiao Yang, Qi He, Xinghe Zhang, Xiantao Tai
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP), a childhood disease of high morbidity and serious harmfulness, has no effective therapies to completely relieve the associated pain. Acupuncture has been used widely in China to alleviate several CP symptoms, such as pain and motion disorders, despite the deficiency of high-quality evidence related to this practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review protocol is to assess the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for the treatment of children with CP...
January 5, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057605/a-study-of-melanoma-in-eastern-european-migrants-in-italy
#16
Chiara Astrua, Paolo Fava, Matteo Brizio, Paola Savoia
: Cancer survival rates are lower in Eastern Europe. To describe, based on a single-centre database in northern Italy, clinical, histopathological, and prognostic features of melanoma in a migrant population from Eastern Europe. MATERIALS & METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from 18,190 consecutive foreign patients who visited our institution, with 49 cases of melanoma from Eastern Europe. The control group was represented by 1,003 Italian melanoma patients diagnosed and followed at our centre during the same time period...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057003/discrimination-against-childbearing-romani-women-in-maternity-care-in-europe-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Helen L Watson, Soo Downe
BACKGROUND: Freedom from discrimination is one of the key principles in a human rights-based approach to maternal and newborn health. OBJECTIVE: To review the published evidence on discrimination against Romani women in maternity care in Europe, and on interventions to address this. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic search of eight electronic databases was undertaken in 2015 using the terms "Roma" and "maternity care". A broad search for grey literature included the websites of relevant agencies...
January 5, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054198/strategies-for-working-with-asian-americans-in-mental-health-community-members-policy-perspectives-and-recommendations
#18
Suzie S Weng, Jennifer Spaulding-Givens
This qualitative study used snowball sampling of individuals known to provide informal assistance to Asian American community members with their mental health problems in a locality in the South where there has been an exponential increase of the Asian American population. The major themes found include: (1) the existence of cultural, language, knowledge, and transportation barriers and the importance of policy in addressing them; (2) the impact of the model minority myth and the need for inclusive policymaking; and (3) the unique service and policy needs of immigrants...
January 4, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049948/abnormal-n-glycosylation-of-a-novel-missense-creatine-transporter-mutant-g561r-associated-with-cerebral-creatine-deficiency-syndromes-alters-transporter-activity-and-localization
#19
Tatsuki Uemura, Shingo Ito, Yusuke Ohta, Masanori Tachikawa, Takahito Wada, Tetsuya Terasaki, Sumio Ohtsuki
Cerebral creatine deficiency syndromes (CCDSs) are caused by loss-of-function mutations in creatine transporter (CRT, SLC6A8), which transports creatine at the blood-brain barrier and into neurons of the central nervous system (CNS). This results in low cerebral creatine levels, and patients exhibit mental retardation, poor language skills and epilepsy. We identified a novel human CRT gene missense mutation (c.1681 G>C, G561R) in Japanese CCDSs patients. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the reduction of creatine transport in G561R-mutant CRT-expressing 293 cells, and to clarify the mechanism of its functional attenuation...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049539/swiss-ethnoveterinary-knowledge-on-medicinal-plants-a-within-country-comparison-of-italian-speaking-regions-with-north-western-german-speaking-regions
#20
Maria Mayer, Mirjam Zbinden, Christan R Vogl, Silvia Ivemeyer, Beat Meier, Michele Amorena, Ariane Maeschli, Matthias Hamburger, Michael Walkenhorst
BACKGROUND: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in Europe may play an important role as a basis for sustainable treatment options for livestock. Aims of our study were (a) to compare the ethnoveterinary practices of two culturally and sociodemographically different regions of Switzerland, (b) to compare results with earlier ethnoveterinary studies conducted in Switzerland and in adjacent Italian regions and, (c) to evaluate possible reasons for regional differences in European ethnoveterinary medicine...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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