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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026438/mental-health-assessments-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-evaluation-of-a-tablet-assisted-screening-software
#1
Naser Morina, Simon M Ewers, Sandra Passardi, Ulrich Schnyder, Christine Knaevelsrud, Julia Müller, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Matthis Schick
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems resulting from persecution and forced migration are very common among refugees and asylum seekers and evolve into a major public health challenge in hosting societies. Language barriers often prevent timely access to appropriate health care, leading to chronic trajectories and abortive social integration. Tools for multilingual screening and assessment could be of great benefit for this particularly vulnerable population as well as for policy makers...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022839/the-audacity-of-engagement-hearing-directly-from-young-adults-with-cancer-on-their-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-cancer-survivorship-and-cancer-survivorship-research
#2
Catherine Benedict, David Victorson, Brad Love, Dave Fuehrer, Allison Lazard, Adam J Saffer, Thea Linscott, Matthew Zachary
BACKGROUND: Young adult (YA) cancer survivors have been historically under-represented in cancer survivorship research, which has contributed to more disparate health outcomes compared with young and older cancer survivors. Using qualitative methods, this study explored YAs' perceptions of cancer survivorship and identified YA-specific barriers and preferences for participation in cancer survivorship research. METHODS: Individual interviews and focus groups were conducted with YA cancer survivors (N = 19) attending a patient-focused oncology conference...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017332/shared-decision-making-in-mental-health-the-importance-for-current-clinical-practice
#3
Victoria Alguera-Lara, Michelle M Dowsey, Jemimah Ride, Skye Kinder, David Castle
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on shared decision making (regarding treatments in psychiatry), with a view to informing our understanding of the decision making process and the barriers that exist in clinical practice. METHODS: Narrative review of published English-language articles. RESULTS: After culling, 18 relevant articles were included. Themes identified included models of psychiatric care, benefits for patients, and barriers...
October 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016825/nlpreviz-an-interactive-tool-for-natural-language-processing-on-clinical-text
#4
Gaurav Trivedi, Phuong Pham, Wendy W Chapman, Rebecca Hwa, Janyce Wiebe, Harry Hochheiser
The gap between domain experts and natural language processing expertise is a barrier to extracting understanding from clinical text. We describe a prototype tool for interactive review and revision of natural language processing models of binary concepts extracted from clinical notes. We evaluated our prototype in a user study involving 9 physicians, who used our tool to build and revise models for 2 colonoscopy quality variables. We report changes in performance relative to the quantity of feedback. Using initial training sets as small as 10 documents, expert review led to final F1 scores for the "appendiceal-orifice" variable between 0...
July 22, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988384/language-barriers-impact-access-to-services-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#5
Helaine G St Amant, Sheree M Schrager, Carolina Peña-Ricardo, Marian E Williams, Douglas L Vanderbilt
Racial and ethnic disparities in accessing health care have been described in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In a retrospective chart review of 152 children with ASD, children of parents whose primary language was English were significantly more likely to have both social skills and communication goals within their individualized education plan (IEP) compared to children of parents whose primary language was not English. Additionally, children of primary English speakers received significantly more hours of direct services from their state disability program...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988171/post-trauma-coping-in-the-context-of-significant-adversity-a-qualitative-study-of-young-people-living-in-an-urban-township-in-south-africa
#6
Rachel M Hiller, Sarah L Halligan, Mark Tomlinson, Jackie Stewart, Sarah Skeen, Hope Christie
OBJECTIVE: Compared with knowledge of the post-trauma needs of young people living in developed countries, little is known about the needs of those in low-middle-income countries. Such information is crucial, particularly as young people in these environments can be at increased risk of experiencing trauma, coupled with less available resources for formal support. The aim of this study was to explore post-trauma coping and support-seeking of young people living in a high-adversity settlement in South Africa...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982821/comparing-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-concerns-on-twitter-a-cross-sectional-study-of-users-in-australia-canada-and-the-uk
#7
Gilla K Shapiro, Didi Surian, Adam G Dunn, Ryan Perry, Margaret Kelaher
OBJECTIVE: Opposition to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is common on social media and has the potential to impact vaccine coverage. This study aims to conduct an international comparison of the proportions of tweets about HPV vaccines that express concerns, the types of concerns expressed and the social connections among users posting about HPV vaccines in Australia, Canada and the UK. DESIGN: Using a cross-sectional design, an international comparison of English language tweets about HPV vaccines and social connections among Twitter users posting about HPV vaccines between January 2014 and April 2016 was conducted...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980881/the-perspective-of-healthcare-providers-and-patients-on-health-literacy-a-systematic-review-of-the-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#8
Retha Rajah, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali, Lim Ching Jou, Muthu Kumar Murugiah
AIM: Health literacy (HL) is a multifaceted concept, thus understanding the perspective of healthcare providers, patients, and the system is vital. This systematic review examines and synthesises the available studies on HL-related knowledge, attitude, practice, and perceived barriers. METHODS: CINAHL and Medline (via EBSCOhost), Google Scholar, PubMed, ProQuest, Sage Journals, and Science Direct were searched. Both quantitative and/or qualitative studies in the English language were included...
October 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975501/understanding-factors-that-influence-health-care-utilization-among-mixtec-and-zapotec-women-in-a-farmworker-community-in-california
#9
Annette E Maxwell, Sandra Young, Emily Moe, Roshan Bastani, Emily Wentzell
This paper examines health care utilization among indigenous immigrants from Oaxaca, Mexico, who have settled in a farmworker community in southern California. In 2016, two trained Spanish-Mixteco and Spanish-Zapoteco bi-lingual interviewers conducted in-depth interviews with 44 indigenous women residing in Oxnard, California on issues that affect health care utilization. Interviews were conducted in Mixteco, Zapoteco and Spanish and were coded to identify structural, cultural, and provider-related barriers to health care utilization...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974172/-how-strange-is-the-patient-to-me
#10
André Karger, Heide Lindtner-Rudolph, Robert Mroczynski, Alexander Ziem, Ljiljana Joksimovic
'How strange is the patient to me?' Physicians' attitudes and expectations toward treating patients with a migration background Objectives: Undergraduate and postgraduate training in cultural competence remains a challenging issue. It might be useful to integrate culturally sensitive learning objectives in existing curricula. As part of a needs assessment, this qualitative study examined the prototypical experiences in clinical routines with patients with a migration background. METHODS: Twenty physicians took part in half-structured narrative interviews, which were then analyzed by linguistic-ethnographic conversation analysis...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971346/combined-pet-mri-global-warming-summary-report-of-the-6th-international-workshop-on-pet-mri-march-27-29-2017-t%C3%A3-bingen-germany
#11
REVIEW
D L Bailey, B J Pichler, B Gückel, G Antoch, H Barthel, Z M Bhujwalla, S Biskup, S Biswal, M Bitzer, R Boellaard, R F Braren, C Brendle, K Brindle, A Chiti, C la Fougère, R Gillies, V Goh, M Goyen, M Hacker, L Heukamp, G M Knudsen, A M Krackhardt, I Law, J C Morris, K Nikolaou, J Nuyts, A A Ordonez, K Pantel, H H Quick, K Riklund, O Sabri, B Sattler, E G C Troost, M Zaiss, L Zender, Thomas Beyer
The 6th annual meeting to address key issues in positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was held again in Tübingen, Germany, from March 27 to 29, 2017. Over three days of invited plenary lectures, round table discussions and dialogue board deliberations, participants critically assessed the current state of PET/MRI, both clinically and as a research tool, and attempted to chart future directions. The meeting addressed the use of PET/MRI and workflows in oncology, neurosciences, infection, inflammation and chronic pain syndromes, as well as deeper discussions about how best to characterise the tumour microenvironment, optimise the complementary information available from PET and MRI, and how advanced data mining and bioinformatics, as well as information from liquid biomarkers (circulating tumour cells and nucleic acids) and pathology, can be integrated to give a more complete characterisation of disease phenotype...
October 2, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970409/using-continuing-professional-development-with-portfolio-in-a-pharmaceutics-course
#12
Jennifer Schneider, Kate O'Hara, Irene Munro
The introduction of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) to encourage individual life-long learning as a way of maintaining professional competency in pharmacy has faced resistance. To investigate ways to address this barrier we included CPD with portfolio in a university Pharmaceutics course. Underpinning knowledge for the course was delivered using a flipped classroom approach and students used the CPD model to address clinical scenarios presented in a simulated pharmacy setting. Students produced portfolio items for the different case scenarios and submitted these for assessment...
November 7, 2016: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969465/feasibility-of-a-clinic-community-partnership-to-treat-childhood-obesity
#13
Maria Andrews, Carolyn Sawyer, Leah Frerichs, Asheley Cockrell Skinner, Jessica Hoffman, Kiah Gaskin, Sarah Armstrong
BACKGROUND: "Bull City Fit" is a childhood obesity treatment partnership between Duke Children's pediatric weight management clinic and Durham Department of Parks and Recreation. OBJECTIVES: Report on feasibility and implementation, characteristics of participants, and predictors of attendance. METHODS: Mixed methods study consisting of (1) a retrospective cohort analysis (n = 171) reporting demographic, attendance, and clinical data and (2) structured focus groups among stakeholders to identify implementation facilitators and barriers...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968458/acute-single-channel-eeg-predictors-of-cognitive-function-after-stroke
#14
Anna Aminov, Jeffrey M Rogers, Stuart J Johnstone, Sandy Middleton, Peter H Wilson
BACKGROUND: Early and accurate identification of factors that predict post-stroke cognitive outcome is important to set realistic targets for rehabilitation and to guide patients and their families accordingly. However, behavioral measures of cognition are difficult to obtain in the acute phase of recovery due to clinical factors (e.g. fatigue) and functional barriers (e.g. language deficits). The aim of the current study was to test whether single channel wireless EEG data obtained acutely following stroke could predict longer-term cognitive function...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965737/key-characteristics-of-rehabilitation-quality-improvement-publications-scoping-review-from-2010-to-2016
#15
REVIEW
Tiago S Jesus, Christina Papadimitriou, Cátia S Pinho, Helen Hoenig
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the peer-reviewed quality improvement (QI) literature in rehabilitation. DATA SOURCES: Five electronic databases were searched for English-language articles from 2010 to 2016. Keywords for quality improvement and safety management were searched for in combination with keywords for rehabilitation content and journals. Secondary searches (e.g. references-list scanning) were also performed. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently selected articles using working definitions of rehabilitation and QI study-types; out of 1,016 references, 112 full texts were assessed for eligibility...
September 28, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954566/a-simple-encoding-method-for-sigma-delta-adc-based-biopotential-acquisition-systems
#16
Federico N Guerrero, Enrique M Spinelli
Sigma Delta analogue-to-digital converters allow acquiring the full dynamic range of biomedical signals at the electrodes, resulting in less complex hardware and increased measurement robustness. However, the increased data size per sample (typically 24 bits) demands the transmission of extremely large volumes of data across the isolation barrier, thus increasing power consumption on the patient side. This problem is accentuated when a large number of channels is used as in current 128-256 electrodes biopotential acquisition systems, that usually opt for an optic fibre link to the computer...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951124/primary-care-interventions-to-encourage-organ-donation-registration-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Catrin Pedder Jones, Chris Papadopoulos, Gurch Randhawa
BACKGROUND: Previous research has proposed that primary care interventions to increase organ donation rates can help address the discrepancy between organ donation rates and the number of patients awaiting transplant. However, no systematic review has been conducted to examine interventions in this setting. OBJECTIVE: To synthesise evidence from previous organ donation interventions conducted in a primary care setting. METHODS: Six databases and grey literature were systematically searched between November 2016 and July 2017...
September 2, 2017: Transplantation Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950835/determinants-of-uptake-of-hepatitis-b-testing-and-healthcare-access-by-migrant-chinese-in-the-england-a-qualitative-study
#18
Andrew Chee Keng Lee, Alicia Vedio, Eva Zhi Hong Liu, Jason Horsley, Amrita Jesurasa, Sarah Salway
BACKGROUND: Global migration from hepatitis B endemic countries poses a significant public health challenge in receiving low-prevalence countries. In the UK, Chinese migrants are a high risk group for hepatitis B. However, they are an underserved population that infrequently accesses healthcare. This study sought to increase understanding of the determinants of hepatitis B testing and healthcare access among migrants of Chinese ethnicity living in England. METHODS: We sought to obtain and integrate insights from different key stakeholders in the system...
September 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949244/communication-access-on-trains-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-perspectives-of-passengers-with-communication-disabilities
#19
Christine Bigby, Hilary Johnson, Robyn O'Halloran, Jacinta Douglas, Denise West, Emma Bould
PURPOSE: The often-invisible access barriers to public transport encountered by people with communication disabilities, who have sensory, language or cognitive impairments have gained little attention. This study investigated the experiences of people with communication disabilities on a rail network in Victoria, Australia to identify the barriers they encountered. METHODS: Twenty-one passengers with communication disabilities participated in either an individual interview or a focus group...
September 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947092/-facilitators-of-participation-and-implementation-of-the-immigrant-families-pelfi-sub-cohort
#20
Cristina Hernando Rovirola, Florianne Gaillardin, Laia Ferrer Serret, Ana Cayuela Mateo, Elena Ronda Pérez, Jordi Casabona Barbarà
OBJECTIVE: PELFI is a multicentre cohort study of migrant families in Spain. The objectives of this manuscript were: 1) to describe the recruitment strategies, data collection and the main socio-demographic characteristics according to geographical origin and sex of participants of the families; and 2) to assess the recruitment and data collection strategies that facilitated participation in the basal assessment of the Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramanet cohort. METHOD: Descriptive study on a convenience sample of migrant and native families residing in Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramanet...
September 22, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
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