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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217958/assessment-of-barriers-to-reproductive-health-service-utilization-among-bench-maji-zone-pastoralist-communities
#1
Andualem Henok, Emwodish Takele
Background: The reproductive health (RH) needs and challenges in pastoralist area are different from elsewhere. People in this area live in very traditional settings and adhere strongly to traditional cultural values and beliefs. Some of these beliefs are known to lead to poor sexual and RH outcomes. Thus, the objective of the study was to identify barriers of RH service utilization among pastoralist communities of Bench Maji zone. Methods: This study was conducted in pastoralist communities of 5 woredas in Bench Maji zone...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216876/refugees-experiences-of-healthcare-in-the-host-country-a-scoping-review
#2
Elisabeth Mangrio, Katarina Sjögren Forss
BACKGROUND: During the last years, Europe experienced an increase in immigration due to a variety of worldwide wars and conflicts, which in turn resulted in a greater number of physical and mental health issues present among the refugees. These factors place high demands not only on the refugees, but also on healthcare professionals who meet the refugees in different situations. Information about the refugees' experiences of the healthcare systems in their host countries is urgently needed to improve the quality of healthcare delivered, as well as to provide opportunities for better access...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215794/immigrant-nurses-perceptions-on-cultural-differences-based-job-concerns-a-phenomenological-study-in-shanghai-china
#3
Hai-Ping Yu, You-Qing Peng, Yun-Ying Hung, Lin Zhou
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of immigrant nurses working in Shanghai, China. BACKGROUND: With the development of China, population growth has been accelerating. Simultaneously, the number of immigrant nurses in Shanghai has been increasing dramatically. Meanwhile, their turnover rate is abnormally high, primarily because of job concerns stemming from cultural differences. An understanding of immigrant nurses' job concerns caused by cultural differences can be used to help them to work more efficiently and cohesively...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214387/dealing-with-difference-a-scoping-review-of-psychotherapeutic-interventions-with-unaccompanied-refugee-minors
#4
REVIEW
Gwladys Demazure, Sydney Gaultier, Nicolas Pinsault
Unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) are a population at risk for developing mental problems, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and/or depression. Therapists working with URMs often have to overcome language and cultural barriers, while taking into account these young people's specific needs. A growing literature describes a wide range of interventions designed to reduce psychopathologies and improve well-being. We summarized the different interventions used with URMs to get an overview of techniques used for reducing psychopathologies and difficulties of URMs and to give recommendations to help professionals...
December 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210251/lightning-or-lightning-bug-the-role-of-the-language-gap-and-the-access-to-proper-information-on-entitlements-in-cross-border-patient-mobility
#5
Gabriella Berki
The language barrier and the lack of reliable information were identified as major practical obstacles of European patient mobility. Patients are highly concerned about the ability to communicate with their doctors when obtaining healthcare in a country where they do not speak the local language, as well as they find it complicated to gather all the necessary information about an unfamiliar healthcare system or about their cross-border healthcare entitlements conferred on them by the Union legislation. In a multilingual and patient-friendly European Union these issues must be tackled in order to ensure effective healthcare and to enforce patients’ right to cross-border healthcare...
March 2017: European Journal of Health Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210172/experience-of-dental-care-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-older-immigrants-in-sweden-a-qualitative-study
#6
E Olerud, M-L Hagman-Gustavsson, P Gabre
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge about the oral health and dental care habits of older immigrants is limited. The aim of this study was to explore dental service utilization, oral care habits, and attitudes to and knowledge about oral diseases and their prevention among older immigrants in Sweden. METHODS: A qualitative research method was used, and data were collected in individual interviews to gain a deeper understanding of the immigrants' views. Thirteen immigrants, seven women and six men, recruited from meeting places for older immigrants, participated, all aged between 59 and 88 (median 72 years)...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209032/comparison-of-state-risk-appropriate-neonatal-care-policies-with-the-2012-aap-policy-statement
#7
Charlan D Kroelinger, Ekwutosi M Okoroh, David A Goodman, Sarah M Lasswell, Wanda D Barfield
OBJECTIVE: Compare state policies with standards outlined in the 2012 AAP Policy Statement on Levels of Neonatal Care. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic, web-based review of publicly available policies on levels of care in all states in 2014. Infant risk information, equipment capabilities, and specialty staffing were abstracted from published rules, statutes, and regulations. RESULT: Twenty-two states had a policy on regionalized perinatal care. State policies vary in consistency with the AAP Policy, with 60% of states including standards consistent with Level I criteria, 48% Level II, 14% Level III, and one state with Level IV...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208076/improving-diagnostic-communication-in-dementia
#8
Sheung-Tak Cheng, Linda C W Lam
In many countries around the world, owing to the lack of specialists and equipment, delay up to a few years in help-seeking and getting diagnostic examinations for dementia is not uncommon (Sayegh and Knight, 2013), and this situation is considerably more serious in "atypical dementias" due to the challenge they present for differential diagnosis. For instance, a survey in the USA showed that misdiagnosis was common in patients with Lewy body dementia who, on average, saw at least three physicians over a year's time or more before getting the proper diagnosis (Lewy Body Dementia Association, 2010)...
December 6, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204806/promotion-of-healthy-humor-cancer-education-messages-for-the-deaf-community
#9
Moshe Engelberg, Melanie C Nakaji, Kadie M Harry, Regina M Wang, Adrienne Kennedy, Tonya M Pan, Teresa Sanchez, Georgia Robins Sadler
The Deaf community members of this community-campus partnership identified the lack of health information in American Sign Language (ASL) as a significant barrier to increasing the Deaf community's health knowledge. Studies have shown that the delivery of health messages in ASL increased Deaf study participants' cancer knowledge. Once health messages are available on the Internet, strategies are needed to attract viewers to the website and to make repeat visits in order to promote widespread knowledge gains...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204783/the-impact-of-rehabilitative-interventions-on-quality-of-life-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis-of-personal-experiences-of-individuals-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#10
REVIEW
Ammarah Y Soofi, Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Michelle E Kho, Lori Letts
BACKGROUND: The nature of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is progressive and degenerative, thus influencing individuals physically, emotionally, and socially. A broad review of qualitative studies that describe the personal experiences of people with ALS with physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech and language pathology interventions, and how those affect QoL is warranted. PURPOSE: This study synthesizes qualitative research regarding the potential that rehabilitation interventions have to maintain and/or improve QoL from the perspective of people with ALS...
December 4, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202663/experiences-of-patients-with-mental-illness-interactions-with-medical-students-a-systematic-review
#11
Samuel P Dearman, Adam B Joiner, Morris Gordon, Gill Vince
OBJECTIVES: Mental health is a key area for learning within undergraduate medical education. Given the nature of mental illness, interactions may have the potential to uniquely affect patients. This study set out to systematically review studies reporting experiences and perceptions of patients with mental illness' clinical interactions with medical students. This includes which factors encourage patients to interact with medical students and if patients perceive negative and positive effects from these interactions...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201826/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-validation-of-the-korean-language-cardiac-rehabilitation-barriers-scale-crbs-k
#12
Sora Baek, Hee-Won Park, Yookyung Lee, Sherry L Grace, Won-Seok Kim
Objective: To perform a translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Cardiac Rehabilitation Barriers Scale (CRBS) for use in Korea, followed by psychometric validation. The CRBS was developed to assess patients' perception of the degree to which patient, provider and health system-level barriers affect their cardiac rehabilitation (CR) participation. Methods: The CRBS consists of 21 items (barriers to adherence) rated on a 5-point Likert scale. The first phase was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the CRBS to the Korean language...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197901/deaf-new-zealand-sign-language-users-access-to-healthcare
#13
Joanne Witko, Pauline Boyles, Kirsten Smiler, Rachel McKee
AIMS: The research described was undertaken as part of a Sub-Regional Disability Strategy 2017-2022 across the Wairarapa, Hutt Valley and Capital and Coast District Health Boards (DHBs). The aim was to investigate deaf New Zealand Sign Language (NZSL) users' quality of access to health services. Findings have formed the basis for developing a 'NZSL plan' for DHBs in the Wellington sub-region. METHODS: Qualitative data was collected from 56 deaf participants and family members about their experiences of healthcare services via focus group, individual interviews and online survey, which were thematically analysed...
December 1, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197651/yawning-its-anatomy-chemistry-role-and-pathological-considerations
#14
REVIEW
Heinz Krestel, Claudio L Bassetti, Olivier Walusinski
Yawning is a clinical sign of the activity of various supra- and infratentorial brain regions including the putative brainstem motor pattern, hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, probably the insula and limbic structures that are interconnected via a fiber network. This interaction can be seen in analogy to other cerebral functions arising from a network or zone such as language. Within this network, yawning fulfills its function in a stereotype, reflex-like manner; a phylogenetically old function, preserved across species barriers, with the purpose of arousal, communication, and maybe other functions including respiration...
November 29, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195682/development-of-a-heat-vulnerability-index-for-new-york-state
#15
S G Nayak, S Shrestha, P L Kinney, Z Ross, S C Sheridan, C I Pantea, W H Hsu, N Muscatiello, S A Hwang
OBJECTIVES: The frequency and intensity of extreme heat events are increasing in New York State (NYS) and have been linked with increased heat-related morbidity and mortality. But these effects are not uniform across the state and can vary across large regions due to regional sociodemographic and environmental factors which impact an individual's response or adaptive capacity to heat and in turn contribute to vulnerability among certain populations. We developed a heat vulnerability index (HVI) to identify heat-vulnerable populations and regions in NYS...
November 28, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193568/language-barriers-and-their-impact-of-provision-of-care-to-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-nurses-perspective
#16
Parveen Azam Ali, Roger Watson
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' perspectives of language barriers and their impact on the provision of care to patients with limited English proficiency from diverse linguistic background. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative descriptive approach was used. Using individual interviews and focus group discussions, data were collected from 59 nurses working in tertiary care hospitals in England. A thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. FINDINGS: Three themes: 'multi-ethnicities and language barriers'; 'the impact of language barriers'; and 'communicating via interpreters', were identified...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193429/recruiting-to-cohort-studies-in-specialist-healthcare-services-lessons-learned-from-clinical-research-nurses-in-uk-cleft-services
#17
Fabio Zucchelli, Nichola Rumsey, Kerry Humphries, Rhiannon Bennett, Amy Davies, Jonathan Sandy, Nicola Marie Stock
AIM: This study aimed to explore the experiences of clinical research nurses recruiting patients in a large specialist care-based cohort study. BACKGROUND: Longitudinal studies are vital to better understand the aetiology and moderators of health conditions. This need is especially salient for congenital conditions, such as cleft lip and/or palate, where establishing large, comprehensive datasets from birth is vital to improve understanding and to inform interventions...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192805/social-participation-for-people-with-communication-disability-in-coffee-shops-and-restaurants-is-a-human-right
#18
Clare Carroll, Nicole Guinan, Libby Kinneen, Denise Mulheir, Hannah Loughnane, Orla Joyce, Elaine Higgins, Emma Boyle, Margaret Mullarney, Rena Lyons
Although Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that "everyone has a right to freedom of opinion and expression", for people with communication disability this may not be a reality. This commentary shares a practical example of how people with communication disabilities together with speech-language pathology (SLP) students, academics and clinical staff co-designed and co-implemented a Communication Awareness Training Programme for catering staff to enable communication access in coffee shops and restaurants...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183831/-she-s-sort-of-breathing-what-linguistic-factors-determine-call-taker-recognition-of-agonal-breathing-in-emergency-calls-for-cardiac-arrest
#19
Marine Riou, Stephen Ball, Teresa A Williams, Austin Whiteside, Peter Cameron, Daniel M Fatovich, Gavin D Perkins, Karen Smith, Janet Bray, Madoka Inoue, Kay L O'Halloran, Paul Bailey, Deon Brink, Judith Finn
BACKGROUND: In emergency ambulance calls, agonal breathing remains a barrier to the recognition of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and rapid dispatch. We aimed to explore whether the language used by callers to describe breathing had an impact on call-taker recognition of agonal breathing and hence cardiac arrest. METHODS: We analysed 176 calls of paramedic-confirmed OHCA, stratified by recognition of OHCA (89 cases recognised, 87 cases not recognised)...
November 26, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179830/categorising-patients-mental-illness-by-medical-surgical-nurses-in-the-general-hospital-ward-a-focus-group-study
#20
REVIEW
Scott Brunero, Niels Buus, Sandra West
AIM: To gain insight into medical surgical nurses' process(es) of categorising mental illness in general hospitals. BACKGROUND: Categorising patients is a daily social practice that helps medical surgical nurses understand their work and actions. Medical surgical nurses' categorising of mentally ill patients in general hospitals is a means in which they articulate their understanding of mental illness and perform their clinical practice. How medical surgical nurses categorise, and the impact that categorising can have on their work practices is poorly understood...
December 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
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