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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896894/perspectives-of-resettled-african-refugees-on-accessing-medicines-and-pharmacy-services-in-queensland-australia
#1
Kim Bellamy, Remo Ostini, Nataly Martini, Therese Kairuz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the barriers to accessing medicines and pharmacy services among refugees in Queensland, Australia, from the perspectives of resettled African refugees. METHODS: A generic qualitative approach was used in this study. Resettled African refugees were recruited via a purposive snowball sampling method. The researcher collected data from different African refugee communities, specifically those from Sudanese, Congolese and Somalian communities...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895506/patient-reported-financial-barriers-to-adherence-to-treatment-in-neurology
#2
Lidia Mvr Moura, Eli L Schwamm, Valdery Moura Junior, Michael P Seitz, Daniel B Hoch, John Hsu, Lee H Schwamm
OBJECTIVE: Many effective medical therapies are available for treating neurological diseases, but these therapies tend to be expensive and adherence is critical to their effectiveness. We used patient-reported data to examine the frequency and determinants of financial barriers to medication adherence among individuals treated for neurological disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients completed cross-sectional surveys on iPads as part of routine outpatient care in a neurology clinic...
2016: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894219/exposure-to-culturally-sensitive-sexual-health-information-and-impact-on-health-literacy-a-qualitative-study-among-newly-arrived-refugee-women-in-sweden
#3
Pia Svensson, Katarina Carlzén, Anette Agardh
In Sweden, migrants have poorer sexual and reproductive health compared to the general population. Health literacy, in the form of the cognitive and social skills enabling access to health promoting activities, is often poorer among migrants, partly due to language and cultural barriers. Culturally sensitive health education provides a strategy for enhancing health literacy. Since 2012, specially trained civic and health communicators have provided sexual and reproductive health and rights information to newly arrived refugees in Skåne, Sweden...
November 29, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891433/the-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-the-institutionalized-wandering-mentally-ill-in-india
#4
Gaurav Singh, Nilima Shah, Ritambhara Mehta
INTRODUCTION: There are estimated 400,000 wandering mentally ill persons in India, found in poor physical state wandering on streets and railway stations; mainly treated either by government run Hospitals for Mental Health (HMH) or Psychiatry units of a Government Medical College (GMC). They require psychosocial rehabilitation along with treatment. AIM: To study the presentation, clinical profile and rehabilitative outcome of wandering mentally ill admitted in government psychiatric care facilities...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886627/facilitating-the-development-of-higher-order-thinking-skills-hots-of-novice-nursing-postgraduates-in-africa
#5
Lizeth Roets, Jeanette Maritz
BACKGROUND: International research in nursing education has shown to be deficient regarding both the quality of research produced and the building of disciplinary capacity. The CHENMA (Collaboration for Higher Education of Nurses and Midwives in Africa) project aimed to strengthen nursing and midwifery expertise in Africa. Sixteen French-speaking students of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) enrolled for a master's degree in nursing midwifery at a South African university in 2008...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886624/complementary-knowledge-sharing-experiences-of-nursing-students-participating-in-an-educational-exchange-program-between-madagascar-and-norway
#6
Ingrid Tjoflåt, Julie Razaonandrianina, Bjørg Karlsen, Britt Sætre Hansen
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe how Malagasy and Norwegian nursing students experience an educational exchange program in Madagascar. BACKGROUND: Previous studies show that nursing students participating in an educational exchange program enhanced their cultural knowledge and experienced personal growth. However, few studies have described two-way exchange programs, including experiences from both the hosts' and the guest students' perspectives. DESIGN: This study applies a descriptive qualitative design...
November 22, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885738/a-collaborative-exploration-of-the-reasons-for-lower-satisfaction-with-services-among-bangladeshi-and-pakistani-social-care-users
#7
Margaret Blake, Alison Bowes, Valdeep Gill, Fatima Husain, Ghazala Mir
This study explored underlying reasons for the expression of dissatisfaction with services among Bangladeshi and Pakistani social care users in England and investigated, using a collaborative approach, how these could be addressed. In-depth interviews were conducted in Birmingham, Leeds and London during 2012-2013 with 63 Bangladeshi, Pakistani and white British service users and 24 social care managers, social workers and care workers. A further 34 cognitive interviews were conducted within the same study...
November 25, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870543/enhancing-patient-and-family-engagement-through-meaningful-use-stage-3-opportunities-and-barriers-to-implementation
#8
Jaclyn Rappaport, Sara Galantowicz, Andrea Hassol, Anisha Illa, Sid Thornton, Shan He, Jean Adams, Charlie Sawyer
OBJECTIVES: The proposed Patient and Family Engagement objectives for Meaningful Use Stage 3 (MU3) seek to provide patients with increased access to, and control over, the content and dissemination of their electronic health record (EHR) information. STUDY DESIGN: Implementation study conducted from 2013-2014. METHODS: In this study, 2 leading US health systems attempted to implement 4 draft MU3 objectives within their current EHR system. Senior staff provided qualitative feedback on their implementation experience; researchers used content analysis to identify major themes and implementation challenges...
November 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864627/participation-in-treatment-decision-making-among-chinese-australian-women-with-breast-cancer
#9
Cannas Kwok, Fung Kuen Koo
PURPOSE: Using Confucian philosophy as a conceptual framework, this article examines the extent to which cultural values and language affect the participation preferences and experiences of the breast cancer treatment decision-making (TDM) process among Chinese women with breast cancer in Australia. METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted with 23 Chinese-Australian women diagnosed with breast cancer in their native language (Mandarin and Cantonese). Each interview was translated and transcribed...
November 18, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857829/diagnostic-delay-among-adults-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-a-high-gross-domestic-product-per-capita-country-reasons-and-magnitude-of-the-problem
#10
Wanis H Ibrahim, Faraj H Alousi, Abdulatif Al-Khal, Abdulbari Bener, Ahmed AlSalman, Aaiza Aamer, Ahmed Khaled, Tasleem Raza
BACKGROUND: To determine the mean and median delays in pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) diagnosis among adults in one of the world's highest gross domestic product per capita countries and identify patient and health system-related reasons for these delays. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, face-to-face, prospective study of 100 subjects with confirmed PTB, conducted at main tuberculosis (TB) admitting facilities in Qatar. The mean and median diagnostic delays were measured...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855645/introducing-explorer-of-taxon-concepts-with-a-case-study-on-spider-measurement-matrix-building
#11
Hong Cui, Dongfang Xu, Steven S Chong, Martin Ramirez, Thomas Rodenhausen, James A Macklin, Bertram Ludäscher, Robert A Morris, Eduardo M Soto, Nicolás Mongiardino Koch
BACKGROUND: Taxonomic descriptions are traditionally composed in natural language and published in a format that cannot be directly used by computers. The Exploring Taxon Concepts (ETC) project has been developing a set of web-based software tools that convert morphological descriptions published in telegraphic style to character data that can be reused and repurposed. This paper introduces the first semi-automated pipeline, to our knowledge, that converts morphological descriptions into taxon-character matrices to support systematics and evolutionary biology research...
November 17, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855478/interventions-for-treating-burning-mouth-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Roddy McMillan, Heli Forssell, John Ag Buchanan, Anne-Marie Glenny, Jo C Weldon, Joanna M Zakrzewska
BACKGROUND: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a term used for oral mucosal pain (burning pain or discomfort in the tongue, lips or entire oral cavity) without identifiable cause. General population prevalence varies from 0.1% to 3.9%. Many BMS patients indicate anxiety, depression, personality disorders and impaired quality of life (QoL). This review updates the previous versions published in 2000 and 2005. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of any intervention versus placebo for symptom relief and changes in QoL, taste, and feeling of dryness in people with BMS...
November 18, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852712/perceived-barriers-to-accessing-mental-health-services-among-black-and-minority-ethnic-bme-communities-a-qualitative-study-in-southeast-england
#13
Anjum Memon, Katie Taylor, Lisa M Mohebati, Josefin Sundin, Max Cooper, Thomas Scanlon, Richard de Visser
OBJECTIVE: In most developed countries, substantial disparities exist in access to mental health services for black and minority ethnic (BME) populations. We sought to determine perceived barriers to accessing mental health services among people from these backgrounds to inform the development of effective and culturally acceptable services to improve equity in healthcare. DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative study in Southeast England. PARTICIPANTS: 26 adults from BME backgrounds (13 men, 13 women; aged >18 years) were recruited to 2 focus groups...
November 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847681/language-barriers-between-physicians-and-patients-are-not-associated-with-thrombolysis-of-stroke-mimics
#14
Sara K Rostanski, Olajide Williams, Joshua I Stillman, Randolph S Marshall, Joshua Z Willey
BACKGROUND: Acute stroke is a time-sensitive condition in which rapid diagnosis must be made in order for thrombolytic treatment to be administered. A certain proportion of patients who receive thrombolysis will be found on further evaluation to have a diagnosis other than stroke, so-called "stroke mimics." Little is known about the role of language discordance in the emergency department diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of all acute ischemic stroke patients who received IV tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in our emergency department between July 2011 and December 2015...
October 2016: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846270/measurement-invariance-and-latent-mean-differences-in-the-reynolds-intellectual-assessment-scales-rias-does-the-german-version-of-the-rias-allow-a-valid-assessment-of-individuals-with-a-migration-background
#15
Jasmin T Gygi, Elodie Fux, Alexander Grob, Priska Hagmann-von Arx
This study examined measurement invariance and latent mean differences in the German version of the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS) for 316 individuals with a migration background (defined as speaking German as a second language) and 316 sex- and age-matched natives. The RIAS measures general intelligence (single-factor structure) and its two components, verbal and nonverbal intelligence (two-factor structure). Results of a multi-group confirmatory factor analysis showed scalar invariance for the two-factor and partial scalar invariance for the single-factor structure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846126/implementation-of-the-american-society-of-anesthesiology-s-guidelines-to-reduce-prolonged-fasting-times-in-pediatric-preoperative-patients-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#16
Carol M Costello
BACKGROUND: The American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) guidelines for pediatric preoperative fasting have been a standard for well over a decade. However, use of protocols involving an excessive fasting duration exposes patients to the physiological impacts of fluid volume loss. OBJECTIVES: The current project aimed to improve fluid supplementation during presurgical fasting in pediatric patients at an academic medical center. Specific objectives were to increase clinical staff knowledge regarding ASA fasting standards and implement them in specific pediatric patient populations...
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836819/exploration-of-deaf-people-s-health-information-sources-and-techniques-for-information-delivery-in-cape-town-a-qualitative-study-for-the-design-and-development-of-a-mobile-health-app
#17
Prangnat Chininthorn, Meryl Glaser, William David Tucker, Jan Carel Diehl
BACKGROUND: Many cultural and linguistic Deaf people in South Africa face disparity when accessing health information because of social and language barriers. The number of certified South African Sign Language interpreters (SASLIs) is also insufficient to meet the demand of the Deaf population in the country. Our research team, in collaboration with the Deaf communities in Cape Town, devised a mobile health app called SignSupport to bridge the communication gaps in health care contexts...
November 11, 2016: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836127/lost-in-translation-medication-labeling-for-immigrant-families
#18
Michelle Cruz Jimenez Smith, H Shonna Yin, Lee M Sanders
OBJECTIVES: To identify the patient-safety hazards of current medication labeling standards for immigrant and language-minority families. SUMMARY: The Latino population in the United States has increased by more than 40% over the past decade and the total child population born to Latino parents will surpass one-half of the population in many states. With recent health care and immigration policies, this demographic shift has a disproportional effect on the Latino families...
November 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834602/from-boundaries-to-boundary-work-middle-managers-creating-inter-organizational-change
#19
Lieke Oldenhof, Annemiek Stoopendaal, Kim Putters
Purpose In healthcare, organizational boundaries are often viewed as barriers to change. The purpose of this paper is to show how middle managers create inter-organizational change by doing boundary work: the dual act of redrawing boundaries and coordinating work in new ways. Design/methodology/approach Theoretically, the paper draws on the concept of boundary work from Science and Technology Studies. Empirically, the paper is based on an ethnographic investigation of middle managers that participate in a Dutch reform program across health, social care, and housing...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828727/palliative-care-for-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Sarah Gebauer, Sarah Knox Morley, Emily A Haozous, Esme Finlay, Chris Camarata, Bridget Fahy, Erin FitzGerald, Kimberly Harlow, Lisa Marr
BACKGROUND: Little is known about optimal palliative and end-of-life care for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIs/ANs). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, the Cochrane library, EBSCOhost, (PsycINFO, CINAHL Complete), and the University of New Mexico (UNM) Health Sciences Library and Informatics Center Native Health Database for search terms related to palliative care and AIs/ANs as of December 1, 2015. We included English language, peer-reviewed articles describing palliative care projects, programs, or studies in AI/AN populations or communities...
December 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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