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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213742/comparison-of-systemic-inflammatory-and-nutritional-scores-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-who-underwent-potentially-curative-resection
#1
Ryuma Tokunaga, Yasuo Sakamoto, Shigeki Nakagawa, Daisuke Izumi, Keisuke Kosumi, Katsunobu Taki, Takaaki Higashi, Tatsunori Miyata, Yuji Miyamoto, Naoya Yoshida, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Various systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores have been reported to predict postoperative outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the best systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who underwent potentially curative resection. METHOD: We evaluated 468 consecutive CRC patients in this study. Comparisons of systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores, including the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), prognostic index (PI), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), were performed using univariate/multivariate analyses for patient survival...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212535/integration-of-the-cancer-related-inflammatory-response-as-a-stratifying-biomarker-of-survival-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-sorafenib
#2
Jessica Howell, David J Pinato, Ramya Ramaswami, Tadaaki Arizumi, Carlotta Ferrari, Antonello Gibbin, Michela E Burlone, Giulia Guaschino, Pierluigi Toniutto, James Black, Laura Sellers, Masatoshi Kudo, Mario Pirisi, Rohini Sharma
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Response to sorafenib is highly variable in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Baseline inflammatory parameters and treatment toxicities may improve survival prediction in patients on sorafenib therapy. RESULTS: 442 patients with advanced stage HCC on sorafenib were recruited (follow-up 5096 person-months at risk). 88% had BCLC stage B or greater HCC and 72.3% had Child-Pugh A cirrhosis. On Cox multivariate regression, previously-treated HCC (HR 0...
February 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211504/novel-preoperative-nomogram-for-prediction-of-futile-resection-in-patients-undergoing-exploration-for-potentially-resectable-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#3
Kwangwoo Nam, Dae Wook Hwang, Ju Hyun Shim, Tae Jun Song, Sang Soo Lee, Dong-Wan Seo, Sung Koo Lee, Myung-Hwan Kim, Ki-Hun Kim, Shin Hwang, Kwang-Min Park, Young-Joo Lee, Minkyu Han, Do Hyun Park
Surgical resection is the treatment of choice for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC). However, discrepancies between preoperative workup and intraoperative findings can occur, resulting in unexpected and unfavorable surgical outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop a feasible preoperative nomogram to predict futile resection of IHCC. A total of 718 patients who underwent curative-intent surgery for IHCC between January 2005 and December 2014 were included. The patients were divided into a training cohort (2005-2010, n = 377) and validation cohort (2011-2014, n = 341)...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210746/increased-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-it-really-diagnostic-of-restless-legs-syndrome
#4
Mustafa Afifi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210632/increased-interleukin-17f-is-associated-with-elevated-autoantibody-levels-and-more-clinically-relevant-than-interleukin-17a-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#5
Yuzhou Gan, Xiaozhen Zhao, Jing He, Xu Liu, Yun Li, Xiaolin Sun, Zhanguo Li
Th17 related immune response is pathogenic in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). However, the role of IL-17F, one potent inflammatory member of IL-17 family cytokines in pSS, has not been specifically defined. We recruited one hundred and nine pSS patients and forty-two healthy controls and their serum levels of IL-17A and IL-17F were determined by multiplex cytokine assays. White blood cell, red blood cell, neutrophil, lymphocyte, IgM, IgG, C3, C4, RF, ANA, anti-SSA antibody, and anti-SSB antibody were measured by standard laboratory techniques...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210087/prognostic-significance-of-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-stage-iii-and-iv-colorectal-cancer
#6
Jae Hyun Kim, Jun Yeop Lee, Hae Koo Kim, Jin Wook Lee, Sung Gyu Jung, Kyoungwon Jung, Sung Eun Kim, Won Moon, Moo In Park, Seun Ja Park
AIM: To evaluate the prognostic value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Between April 1996 and December 2010, medical records from a total of 1868 patients with CRC were retrospectively reviewed. The values of simple inflammatory markers including NLR and PLR in predicting the long-term outcomes of these patients were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression models...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209479/subacute-immunotoxicity-of-the-marine-phycotoxin-yessotoxin-in-rats
#7
Sara F Ferreiro, Natalia Vilariño, Cristina Carrera, M Carmen Louzao, Germán Santamarina, Antonio G Cantalapiedra, J Manuel Cifuentes, Andrés C Vieira, Luis M Botana
Yessotoxin (YTX) is a marine phycotoxin produced by dinoflagellates and accumulated in filter feeding shellfish. YTX content in shellfish is regulated by many food safety authorities to protect human health, although currently no human intoxication episodes have been unequivocally related to YTX presence in food. The immune system has been proposed as one of the target organs of YTX due to alterations of lymphoid tissues and cellular and humoral components. The aim of the present study was to explore subacute immunotoxicity of YTX in rats by evaluating the hematological response, inflammatory cytokine biomarkers and the presence of YTX-induced structural alterations in the spleen and thymus...
February 13, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209123/relationships-between-longitudinal-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratios-body-weight-changes-and-overall-survival-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
B A Derman, J N Macklis, M S Azeem, S Sayidine, S Basu, M Batus, F Esmail, J A Borgia, P Bonomi, M J Fidler
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence showing a significant relationship between overall survival (OS) in non-small cell lung cancer NSCLC patients and weight change during chemotherapy or chemoradiation. A high neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) at baseline and at follow-up is associated with shorter survival in cancer patients and may be a surrogate for ongoing inflammation, implicated in cancer cachexia and tumor progression. The objective of this study is to explore potential relationships between OS, serial weights, and serial NLRs in advanced NSCLC patients receiving chemotherapy...
February 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208664/the-role-of-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-for-survival-outcomes-in-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-treated-with-abiraterone
#9
Martin Boegemann, Katrin Schlack, Stefan Thomes, Julie Steinestel, Kambiz Rahbar, Axel Semjonow, Andres Jan Schrader, Martin Aringer, Laura-Maria Krabbe
The purpose of this study was to examine the prognostic capability of baseline neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio (NLR) and NLR-change under Abiraterone in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients. The impact of baseline NLR and change after eight weeks of treatment on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier-estimates and Cox-regression. 79 men with baseline NLR <5 and 17 with NLR >5 were analyzed. In baseline analysis of PFS NLR >5 was associated with non-significantly shorter median PFS (five versus 10 months) (HR: 1...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204966/inhibition-of-the-renin-angiotensin-system-post-myocardial-infarction-prevents-inflammation-associated-acute-cardiac-rupture
#10
Xiao-Ming Gao, Alan Tsai, Annas Al-Sharea, Yidan Su, Shirley Moore, Li-Ping Han, Helen Kiriazis, Anthony M Dart, Andrew J Murphy, Xiao-Jun Du
PURPOSE: Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is beneficial in patient management after myocardial infarction (MI). However, whether RAS inhibition also provides cardiac protection in the acute phase of MI is unclear. METHODS: Male 129sv mice underwent coronary artery occlusion to induce MI, followed by treatment with losartan (L, 20 and 60 mg/kg), perindopril (P, 2 and 6 mg/kg), amlodipine (20 mg/kg as a BP-lowering agent) or vehicle as control. Drug effects on hemodynamics were examined...
February 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203410/relationship-between-radiologic-patterns-pulmonary-function-values-and-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-cells-in-newly-diagnosed-sarcoidosis
#11
Regina Aleksonienė, Ingrida Zeleckienė, Mindaugas Matačiūnas, Roma Puronaitė, Laimutė Jurgauskienė, Radvilė Malickaitė, Edita Strumilienė, Vygantas Gruslys, Rolandas Zablockis, Edvardas Danila
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to identify specious radiologic and/or physiologic prognostic marker(s), which lead to optimize of the patient follow-up frequency. METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary sarcoidosis. Patients underwent chest radiography, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) examination, pulmonary function tests (PFT), bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and lung biopsy, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cell examination...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203340/the-relationship-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-with-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-henoch-schonlein-purpura
#12
Ozlem Bostan Gayret, Meltem Erol, Hikmet Tekin Nacaroglu
OBJECTIVES: Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP) is the most widespread systemic vasculitis during childhood. Gastrointestinal tract retention and gastrointestinal bleeding are among its major complications. Neutrophil-Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are indicators related to inflammatory diseases. This study evaluated the relationship between NLR or PLR and gastrointestinal bleeding in HSP. METHODS: The study consisted of 119 patients and 40 healthy children in the same age group...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202548/neutrophil-elastase-regulates-emergency-myelopoiesis-preceding-systemic-inflammation-in-diet-induced-obesity
#13
Jun-Yuan Huang, Qiong Lin Zhou, Chun-Hong Huang, Ye Song, Andria G Sharma, Zhangping Liao, Kavin Zhu, Miles W Massidda, Ryan R Jamieson, Jun-Yuan Zhang, Daniel G Tenen, Zhen Y Jiang
Inflammation plays a significant role in the development of obesity-related complications, but the molecular events that initiate and propagate such inflammation remain unclear. Here, we report that mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for as short as one to three days show increased myeloid progenitors differentiation into neutrophils and monocytes but reduced B lymphocyte production in the bone marrow (BM). Levels of neutrophil elastase (NE) and the nuclear factors CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) and growth factor independent 1 (GFI-1) are elevated in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) from HFD-fed mice, but mice lacking either NE or C/EBPα are resistant to HFD-induced myelopoiesis...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199977/pre-radiotherapy-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-an-independent-prognostic-factor-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-radiotherapy
#14
Seok Hyun Son, Eun Young Park, Hee Hyun Park, Chul Seung Kay, Hong Seok Jang
We aimed to investigate the pre-radiotherapy neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (prNLR) as a prognostic factor in patients with locally advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with radiotherapy (RT), and to determine the optimal cut-off value for prNLR. We retrospectively evaluated 56 patients with locally advanced HCC treated with RT (helical tomotherapy) between March 2006 and February 2012. The optimal cut-off value was determined by using a maximally selected log-rank test. Prognostic factors that influence the local progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated...
February 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195876/development-and-validation-of-a-prognostic-model-for-acute-on-chronic-hepatitis-b-liver-failure
#15
Fangyuan Gao, Le Sun, Xieqiong Ye, Yao Liu, Huimin Liu, Mingfan Geng, Xiaoshu Li, Xue Yang, Yuxin Li, Rui Wang, Jialiang Chen, Gang Wan, Yuyong Jiang, Xianbo Wang
AIM: The CANONIC study proposed the Chronic Liver Failure Consortium acute-on-chronic liver failure (CLIF-C ACLF) prognostic model at the European Association for the Study of the Liver-CLIF diagnosis. This study aimed to develop and validate a prognostic model for predicting the short-term mortality of hepatitis B virus (HBV) ACLF as defined by the Asia-Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 381 HBV ACLF patients and a prospective cohort of 192 patients were included in this study...
February 13, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195263/kikuchi-fujimoto-disease-a-clinicopathologic-update
#16
F Pepe, S Disma, C Teodoro, P Pepe, G Magro
Kikuchi-Fujmoto disease (KFD), also known as "histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis", is a rare lymphadenitis of unknown origin, but with an excellent prognosis. It is more common in Asia, but isolated cases are also reported in America, Africa and Europe. The disease can have an acute or subacute course, usually develops in 1 to 3 weeks, with spontaneous resolution in 1-4 months. The main clinical sign is cervical lymphadenopathy, especially in the posterior cervical triangle with bulky and painful lymph nodes, usually affecting only one side; rare cases of generalized lymphadenopathy can be seen...
September 2016: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195186/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-prognostic-biomarker-for-patients-with-locally-advanced-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-treated-with-definitive-chemoradiotherapy
#17
Xi-Lei Zhou, Yong-Qiang Li, Wei-Guo Zhu, Chang-Hua Yu, Ya-Qi Song, Wan-Wei Wang, Dong-Cheng He, Guang-Zhou Tao, Yu-Suo Tong
The present study evaluated the clinical and prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT). A total of 517 patients with ESCC were enrolled and analysed retrospectively. The NLR was calculated at three time points: baseline, post-treatment, and at the time of tumor progression. Elevated NLR was defined as a ratio ≥5. High NLR at baseline was present in 204 (39%) patients and was significantly correlated with larger tumour size, advanced TNM stage, worse ECOG performance status, and dCRT response (p < 0...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191006/capability-of-neutrophils-to-form-nets-is-not-directly-influenced-by-a-cma-targeting-peptide
#18
Christian Maueröder, Nicolas Schall, Frédéric Meyer, Aparna Mahajan, Benjamin Garnier, Jonas Hahn, Deborah Kienhöfer, Markus H Hoffmann, Sylviane Muller
During inflammatory reaction, neutrophils exhibit numerous cellular and immunological functions, notably the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) and autophagy. NETs are composed of decondensed chromatin fibers coated with various antimicrobial molecules derived from neutrophil granules. NETs participate in antimicrobial defense and can also display detrimental roles and notably trigger some of the immune features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and other autoimmune diseases. Autophagy is a complex and finely regulated mechanism involved in the cell survival/death balance that may be connected to NET formation...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190710/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-disease-progression-following-intra-arterial-therapy-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Matthew D Taussig, Mary Ellen Irene Koran, Samdeep K Mouli, Asma Ahmad, Sunil Geevarghese, Jennifer C Baker, Andrew J Lipnik, Fil Banovac, Daniel B Brown
BACKGROUND: Prospectively predicting response to intra-arterial therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is challenging. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a serum biomarker that is associated with survival for multiple malignancies. It was hypothesized that increased NLR would be associated with early disease progression after intra-arterial therapy of HCC. METHODS: The outcomes of 86 treatment-naïve patients who had chemoembolization or radioembolization of HCC between July 2013-July 2014 were reviewed...
February 9, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188836/effect-of-bjcul-a-lectin-isolated-from-bothrops-jararacussu-on-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells
#20
Weverson Luciano Pires, Onassis Boeri de Castro, Anderson Makoto Kayano, Sulamita da Silva Setúbal, Adriana Silva Pontes, Neriane Monteiro Nery, Mauro Valentino Paloschi, Soraya Dos Santos Pereira, Rodrigo Guerino Stábeli, Carla Freire Celedônio Fernandes, Andreimar Martins Soares, Juliana Pavan Zuliani
BjcuL is a C-type lectin with specificity for the binding of β-d-galactose units isolated from Bothrops jararacussu venom. It triggers cellular infiltration in post capillary venules, increases edema and vascular permeability in murine models, contributes to in vitro neutrophil activation and modulates macrophage functional activation towards an M1 state. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of BjcuL on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) activation with a focus on PBMCs proliferation and inflammatory mediators release...
February 8, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
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