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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335502/catechins-and-their-therapeutic-benefits-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
REVIEW
Fei-Yan Fan, Li-Xuan Sang, Min Jiang
Catechins are natural polyphenolic phytochemicals that exist in food and medicinal plants, such as tea, legume and rubiaceae. An increasing number of studies have associated the intake of catechins-rich foods with the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases in humans, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Some studies have demonstrated that catechins could significantly inhibit the excessive oxidative stress through direct or indirect antioxidant effects and promote the activation of the antioxidative substances such as glutathione peroxidases (GPO) and glutathione (GSH), reducing the oxidative damages to the colon...
March 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333846/prognostic-value-of-fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-uptake-of-bone-marrow-on-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-for-prediction-of-disease-progression-in-cervical-cancer
#2
Jeong Won Lee, Seob Jeon, Seong Taek Mun, Sang Mi Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake of bone marrow (BM) on positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography in patients with uterine cervical cancer. METHODS: One hundred forty-five patients with cervical cancer who underwent staging FDG PET/computed tomography and subsequent surgical resection or chemoradiotherapy were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Mean BM FDG uptake (BM standardized uptake value [SUV]) and BM-to-liver uptake ratio of FDG uptake (BLR) were measured...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332168/pulp-bleeding-color-is-an-indicator-of-clinical-and-histohematologic-status-of-primary-teeth
#3
Naser Asl Aaminabadi, Marziyeh Parto, Parya Emamverdizadeh, Zahra Jamali, Sajjad Shirazi
OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to investigate whether the changes in hematologic characteristic and color of pulpal bleeding is associated with clinical and histologic status of the pulp in primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 211 primary molars in 103 patients, 3-6 years old, were treated. One hundred eight teeth had pulpectomy, 57 teeth had pulpotomy after pulp exposure during caries excavation, and 46 teeth had pulpotomy after accidental pulp exposure in sound dentin...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332000/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-dynamics-during-concurrent-chemo-radiotherapy-for-glioblastoma-is-an-independent-predictor-for-overall-survival
#4
Matthew Mason, Catherine Maurice, Mairead G McNamara, Minh Thi Tieu, Zarnie Lwin, Barbara-Ann Millar, Cynthia Menard, Normand Laperriere, Michael Milosevic, Eshetu G Atenafu, Warren Mason, Caroline Chung
Elevated neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may predict worse outcomes in cancer, including glioblastoma (GBM). This study assessed whether change in NLR during focal radiotherapy and concomitant temozolomide (RT-TMZ) provides further prognostic information. This was a retrospective review of patients treated with RT-TMZ for histologically confirmed GBM from January 2004 to September 2010. Variables assessed included age, ECOG performance status (PS), dexamethasone use and extent of surgery. Hematological results were collected at baseline, during and 4 weeks post RT-TMZ...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331857/thrombosis-neuroinflammation-and-poststroke-infection-the-multifaceted-role-of-neutrophils-in-stroke
#5
REVIEW
Johanna Ruhnau, Juliane Schulze, Alexander Dressel, Antje Vogelgesang
Immune cells can significantly predict and affect the clinical outcome of stroke. In particular, the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was shown to predict hemorrhagic transformation and the clinical outcome of stroke; however, the immunological mechanisms underlying these effects are poorly understood. Neutrophils are the first cells to invade injured tissue following focal brain ischemia. In these conditions, their proinflammatory properties enhance tissue damage and may promote ischemic incidences by inducing thrombus formation...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330482/development-of-a-model-of-saint-louis-encephalitis-infection-and-disease-in-mice
#6
Rafael Elias Marques, Juliana L Del Sarto, Rebeca P F Rocha, Giovanni F Gomes, Allysson Cramer, Milene A Rachid, Danielle G Souza, Maurício L Nogueira, Mauro M Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Flaviviruses are a genre of closely related viral pathogens which emerged in the last decades in Brazil and in the world. Saint (St.) Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) is a neglected flavivirus that can cause a severe neurological disease that may lead to death or sequelae. St. Louis encephalitis pathogenesis is poorly understood, which hinders the development of specific treatment or vaccine. METHODS: To address this problem, we developed a model of SLEV infection in mice to study mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of severe disease...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330430/effect-of-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-on-airway-inflammation-in-murine-model-of-asthma
#7
Nour A Al-Sawalha, Ala'a M Migdadi, Karem H Alzoubi, Omar F Khabour, Nidal A Qinna
OBJECTIVE: There has been an increase in the popularity of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) worldwide, especially in the younger population, including asthma patients. In this study, we investigated the effects of waterpipe smoking on airway inflammation, cytokine levels and oxidative stress markers in an antigen-driven murine model of asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Balb/c mice were divided into four groups; (1) control (received fresh air, ovalbumin sensitization and saline challenge), (2) WTS (received WTS, ovalbumin sensitization and saline challenge), (3) Ova S/C (received fresh air, ovalbumin sensitization and ovalbumin challenge) and (4) simultaneous WTS and Ova S/C (received WTS, ovalbumin sensitization and ovalbumin challenge)...
February 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327953/final-overall-survival-analysis-for-the-phase-ii-record-3-study-of-first-line-everolimus-followed-by-sunitinib-versus-first-line-sunitinib-followed-by-everolimus-in-metastatic-rcc
#8
J J Knox, C H Barrios, T M Kim, T Cosgriff, V Srimuninnimit, K Pittman, R Sabbatini, S Y Rha, T W Flaig, R D Page, J T Beck, F Cheung, S Yadav, P Patel, L Geoffrois, J Niolat, N Berkowitz, M Marker, D Chen, R J Motzer
Background: RECORD-3 compared everolimus and sunitinib as first-line therapy, and the sequence of everolimus followed by sunitinib at progression compared with the opposite (standard) sequence in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). This final overall survival (OS) analysis evaluated mature data for secondary end points. Patients and Methods: : Patients received either first-line everolimus followed by second-line sunitinib at progression ( n =  238) or first-line sunitinib followed by second-line everolimus ( n =  233)...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327679/c-reactive-protein-versus-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-differentiating-bacterial-and-non-bacterial-pneumonia-in-children
#9
E Gauchan, S Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a leading cause of childhood mortality in a low resource country. Simple laboratory markers can help differentiate between bacterial and non-bacterial pneumonias for appropriate management. METHODS: In children aged one to 60 months with features of lower respiratory infection, C-reactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were used to differentiate between bacterial and non-bacterial pneumonias. The cutoff values for detecting bacterial pneumonias were evaluated by statistical tools...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322100/could-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-be-an-indicator-of-coronary-artery-disease-coronary-artery-ectasia-and-coronary-slow-flow
#10
Mücahid Yılmaz, Hasan Korkmaz, Mehmet Nail Bilen, Ökkeş Uku, Ertuğrul Kurtoğlu
Objective To determine whether neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) differed between patients with isolated coronary artery disease (CAD), isolated coronary artery ectasia (CAE), coronary slow flow and normal coronary anatomy. Methods Patients who underwent coronary angiography were consecutively enrolled into one of four groups: CAD, coronary slow flow, CAE and normal coronary anatomy. Results The CAD ( n = 40), coronary slow flow ( n = 40), and CAE ( n = 40) groups had similar NLRs (2.51 ± 0...
December 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321976/a-5-color-flow-cytometric-method-for-extended-8-part-leukocyte-differential
#11
Julien Guy, Orianne Wagner-Ballon, Olivier Pages, François Bailly, Jessica Borgeot, Marie-C Béné, Marc Maynadié
OBJECTIVES: Microscopic leukocyte differentials display many drawbacks. Several single 5 to 8-color tubes using multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) are able to provide extended differentials with sequential gating-based analysis strategies. We investigated a new 5-color MFC method to perform an extended 8-part differential with a simplified gating strategy. METHODS: Whole blood was stained with a combination of antibodies including HLA-DR-FITC/CD19-PE/CD45-ECD/CD16-PC5+CD71-PC5/CD5-PC7...
March 21, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321825/effect-of-feeding-soy-milk-fermented-by-probiotic-bacteria-on-some-blood-criteria-and-weight-of-experimental-animals
#12
Alaa Kareem Niamah, Ali Ahmed Sahi, Alaa S N Al-Sharifi
The chemical composition of soy milk fermented by probiotic starter (Log.11.1 CFU/ml) which consists of Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5, and Bifidobacterium bifidum Bb-12 was studied. The percentage of each moisture, protein, fat, ash, carbohydrate and total acidity were 88.8, 4.2, 2.3, 0.82, 4.6, and 0.83, respectively, and the phytic acid rate was 0.075% after fermentation. The experimental animals were fed with 3 mL and 2 mL of soy milk fermented for 40 days. The result showed decreasing the rate of cholesterol and triglyceride in T1 treatment (3 mL of soy milk fermented) which were (114...
March 21, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321405/prognostic-significance-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#13
Aiying Lu, Haifeng Li, Yuming Zheng, Minzhong Tang, Jun Li, Huihui Wu, Weiming Zhong, Jianquan Gao, Ningjiang Ou, Yonglin Cai
The peripheral blood neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been reported to correlate with the prognosis of many malignancies. This study evaluated the prognostic value of pretreatment NLR, LMR, and PLR in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). A retrospective analysis of clinical and pathological data of 140 NPC patients without distant metastasis during initial treatment was conducted to identify correlations between NLR, LMR, and PLR and clinicopathological features, overall survival, and progression-free survival...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320258/sex-differences-in-oxidative-stress-after-eccentric-and-concentric-exercise
#14
Magdalena Wiecek, Marcin Maciejczyk, Jadwiga Szymura, Zbigniew Szygula
OBJECTIVES: Comparison of redox balance changes in the blood of women and men as a result of submaximal eccentric (ECC) and concentric (CONC) efforts. METHODS: 10 women and 10 men performed three 45-minute submaximal treadmill runs at constant velocities (downhill run - ECC, uphill run - CONC and level run). Prior to the 45-minute exercises, after their completion and following 24 hours of recovery, the concentration of lactate, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL), 3-nitrotyrosine, uric acid (UA) and the white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil (NEUT), lymphocyte (LYMPH) and monocyte content in the blood were determined...
March 20, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318851/the-importance-of-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#15
Sinem Ozyilmaz, Ozgur Akgul, Huseyin Uyarel, Hamdi Pusuroglu, Mehmet Gul, Muhammet Hulusi Satilmisoglu, Ismail Bolat, Isa Ozyilmaz, Hakan Uçar, Aydin Yildirim, Ihsan Bakir
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have demonstrated the predictive value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in many cardiovascular disorders. The aim of this study was to assess whether NLR is associated with echocardiographic or electrocardiographic parameters, or with predicted five-year risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD), in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS: This prospective observational study included 74 controls and 97 HCM patients...
March 17, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318627/vascular-adhesion-protein-1-enhances-neutrophil-infiltration-by-generation-of-hydrogen-peroxide-in-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#16
Shinji Tanaka, Tetsuhiro Tanaka, Takahisa Kawakami, Hideki Takano, Mai Sugahara, Hisako Saito, Yoshiki Higashijima, Junna Yamaguchi, Reiko Inagi, Masaomi Nangaku
Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is a unique molecule since it acts as an adhesion molecule as well as an ectoenzyme catalyzing oxidative deamination of primary amines and generates hydrogen peroxide in the extracellular space. While VAP-1 is implicated in various inflammatory diseases, its role in acute kidney injury is less characterized. Here we studied VAP-1 expression in the kidney and the effect of its inhibition in a rat model of renal ischemia/reperfusion injury. VAP-1 was predominantly expressed in pericytes, which released enzymatically active enzyme...
March 16, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317171/combination-of-change-in-hematological-parameters-with-exercise-stress-test-to-predict-coronary-artery-disease
#17
Ahmet Korkmaz, Abdulkadir Yıldız, Pınar Türker Duyuler, Serkan Duyuler, Samet Yılmaz, Funda Basyigit, Ozgul Ucar Elalmis, Umit Guray, Mehmet Ileri
OBJECTIVE: Treadmill exercise stress testing for identifying patients with a higher likelihood of coronary artery disease (CAD) before elective coronary angiography is recommended in the current guidelines. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the changes in the hematological parameters before and after exercise stress test in relation with the presence of CAD. METHODS: A total of 113 patients with chest pain who underwent treadmill exercise testing and coronary angiography were included in this study...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316378/high-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-cardiovascular-mortality-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#18
Han Li, Xiangxue Lu, Ruifang Xiong, Shixiang Wang
The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a novel simple biomarker of inflammation. It has emerged as a predictor of poor prognosis in cancer and cardiovascular disease in general population. But little was known of its prognostic value in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Here we investigated the association between NLR and cardiovascular risk markers, including increased pulse pressure (PP), left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and intima-media thickness (IMT), and mortality in HD patients. Two hundred and sixty-eight HD patients were enrolled in this study and were followed for 36 months...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316215/-effect-of-preoperative-monocyte-lymphocyte-ratio-on-prognosis-of-patients-with-resectable-esophagogastric-junction-cancer
#19
W J Zhou, J Wu, X D Li, Q Wang, X F Ni, J T Jiang, M Ji, C P Wu
Objective: To investigate the associations between various blood test parameters including MLR (monocyte-lymphocyte ratio) and prognosis in post-operative esophagogastric junction cancer patients. Methods: We retrospectively studied the preoperative and postoperative data of 309 patients who underwent radical surgery for esophagogastric junction cancer. The relationship between MLR, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed. Results: The cutoff values of MLR、NLR and PLR were 0...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316053/the-use-of-rapid-and-cost-effective-blood-based-biomarkers-in-combination-with-tumour-tnm-stage-for-individual-head-and-neck-cancer-patient-treatment-selection
#20
REVIEW
Nongnit Laytragoon Lewin, Freddi Lewin, Bengt-Åke Andersson, Sture Löfgren, Lars Erik Rutqvist
Head and neck (H&N) cancer is an aggressive disease and the incidence has increased in younger population worldwide. Tumour TNM staging is the main basis for treatment decision despite significant variation in clinical outcome. Survival time of these patients has marginally improved during the last 30 years. Various biomarkers with cumbersome analysis, high cost, time consumption and requirement of special laboratory facilities have been investigated. However, none of these biomarkers have been shown to be suitable to use for individual H&N cancer patient treatment selection in the clinic...
April 2017: Medical Oncology
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