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Neutrophil lymphocyte

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775738/humoral-and-mucosal-immune-responses-in-meagre-argyrosomus-regius-juveniles-fed-diets-with-varying-inclusion-levels-of-carob-seed-germ-meal
#1
Francisco Antonio Guardiola, Carolina Barroso, Paula Enes, Ana Couto, Patricia Díaz-Rosales, António Afonso, Erika Kanashiro, Helena Peres, Elisabete Matos, Aires Oliva-Teles, Pedro Pousão-Ferreira, Benjamín Costas
Many studies have assessed the effects of incorporation of plant feedstuffs in fish diets on growth performance, whereas few studies have addressed the effects of fish meal replacement by plant protein sources on fish immune parameters. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects on immune response of different inclusion levels of carob seed germ meal (CSGM) as partial replacement for fish meal in diets for meagre (Argyrosomus regius) juveniles. Fish were fed four experimental diets with increased CSGM inclusion levels [0% (control), 7...
May 15, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774997/-the-significance-of-lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-in-peripheral-blood-of-patients-with-benign-and-malignant-laryngeal-lesions
#2
D Q Wu, X S Huang
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the value of preoperative peripheral blood lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) in differentiating laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC), laryngeal precancerous lesions (LPL) and laryngeal benign lesions (LBL). Method: Four hundred and five cases of laryngeal lesions diagnosed by pathology (154 cases of LSCC, 83 cases of LPL and 168 cases of LBL) were collected. LSCC group was further divided into T1 group, T2 group and T3-4 group based on T stage. The levels of neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, hemoglobin, platelet and other blood indexes were measured, as well as compared the LMR, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and other parameters in each group...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774108/prognostic-and-diagnostic-impact-of-fibrinogen-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-on-thymic-epithelial-tumors-outcome
#3
Stefan Janik, Thomas Raunegger, Philipp Hacker, Bahil Ghanim, Elisa Einwallner, Leonhard Müllauer, Ana-Iris Schiefer, Julia Moser, Walter Klepetko, Hendrik Jan Ankersmit, Bernhard Moser
Background: Peripheral blood-derived inflammation-based markers, such as Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR), Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR), and Fibrinogen have been identified as prognostic markers in various solid malignancies. Here we aimed to investigate the prognostic and diagnostic impact of NLR, PLR, and Fibrinogen in patients with thymic epithelial tumors (TETs). Results: Pretreatment Fibrinogen serum concentrations, NLRs and PLRs were highest in patients with TCs and advanced tumor stages...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773957/perioperative-predictors-of-delirium-and-incidence-factors-in-adult-patients-post-cardiac-surgery
#4
Stavros Theologou, Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Christos Charitos
Background: Delirium is a quite common complication in adult patients post-cardiac surgery. The purpose of our study was to identify perioperative characteristics and also focus on incidence factors that could predict delirium in the cardiac surgery intensive care unit (CICU) postoperatively. Methods: We conducted a prospective study of 179 consecutive patients, who underwent open-heart surgical operation and were admitted to the CICU of a general tertiary hospital in Athens, Greece...
2018: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773759/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-creatinine-reduction-ratio-predict-good-early-graft-function-among-adult-cadaveric-donor-renal-transplant-recipients-single-institution-series
#5
Piotr Hogendorf, Anna Suska, Aleksander Skulimowski, Joanna Rut, Monika Grochowska, Aleksandra Wencel, Filip Dziwisz, Michał Nowicki, Dariusz Szymański, Grażyna Poznańska, Adam Durczyński, Janusz Strzelczyk
Background Delayed graft function (DGF) is a common complication following kidney transplantation and is associated with ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Lymphocytes contribute to the pathogenesis of IRI and ischemia-reperfusion related delayed graft function Materials and Methods 135 Caucasian patients received a kidney graft from deceased heart-beating organ donors. We divided patients into 2 groups- patients with the eGFR>=30 on the 21st day post-transplantation (n=36) and patients with the eGFR<30 on the 21st day post-transplantation (n=99) to assess kidney graft function...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768976/predictors-of-intravenous-immunoglobulin-resistance-and-coronary-artery-aneurysm-in-patients-with-kawasaki-disease
#6
Nattika Chantasiriwan, Suchaya Silvilairat, Krit Makonkawkeyoon, Yupada Pongprot, Rekwan Sittiwangkul
BACKGROUND: Patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) who have intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) resistance are at increased risk for development of coronary artery abnormalities. Although in Japan several risk scoring systems are able to predict patients with IVIG-resistant (KD), they do not accurately predict non-responders in other regions. AIM: The objectives of this study were to determine the predictors of IVIG resistance and coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) and to develop risk scoring systems for predicting IVIG-resistant KD in the Thai population...
May 17, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768325/is-nucleate-cell-count-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-related-to-patients-with-audiographically-distinct-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#7
Yuanyuan Sun, Liang Xia, Hui Wang, Zhengnong Chen, Yaqin Wu, Bin Chen, Haibo Shi, Yanmei Feng, Shankai Yin
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible relationships between sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) patients with distinct audiographic data and nucleate cell count and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR).SSNHL patients differed in audiographic curves were included, 40 with low-frequency SSNHL (LF-SSNHL), 33 with high-frequency SSNHL (HF-SSNHL), 36 with all-frequency SSNHL (AF-SSNHL), 34 with total-deafness SSNHL (TD-SSNHL), and 31 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected and nucleate cell such as white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil and lymphocyte, and NLR were measured...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768257/systemic-immune-inflammation-index-sii-is-useful-to-predict-survival-outcomes-in-patients-after-liver-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-within-hangzhou-criteria
#8
Hongyuan Fu, Jun Zheng, Jianye Cai, Kaining Zeng, Jia Yao, Liang Chen, Hui Li, Jiebin Zhang, Yingcai Zhang, Hui Zhao, Yang Yang
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), a novel prognostic biomarker based on peripheral lymphocyte, neutrophil, and platelet counts, is associated with poor prognosis for several tumors. However, the prognostic value of SII in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who undergo liver transplantation (LT) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between SII and prognosis in these patients. METHODS: This retrospective study involved 150 patients with HCC who underwent LT within the Hangzhou criteria...
May 11, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767470/early-increase-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-30-day-mortality-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#9
Fei Wang, Feng Xu, Ye Quan, Li Wang, Jian-Jun Xia, Ting-Ting Jiang, Li-Juan Shen, Wen-Hui Kang, Yong Ding, Li-Xia Mei, Xue-Feng Ju, Shan-You Hu, Xiao Wu
AIMS: To examine whether early rise of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) after patient hospitalization correlates with 30-day mortality in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients receiving treatment for spontaneous ICH between January 2015 and September 2016 at the Jiading District Central Hospital Affiliated Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences in Shanghai, China. NLR was determined at admission (T1), at 24-48 hours (T2) and 5-7 days (T3)...
May 16, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766932/prognostic-value-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-lactate-in-meningitis-in-postoperative-neurosurgical-patients
#10
A S Sumanth Kumar, Barada Prasad Sahu, Ashish Kumar
Objective: To evaluate the prognostic usefulness of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lactate in postoperative bacterial meningitis (POBM) and to establish the optimal CSF lactate cut-off values in our population to identify POBM in neurosurgical patients. Patients and Methods: A prospective study of postoperative neurosurgical patients with presumed and established bacterial meningitis in the Department of Neurosurgery, NIMS, Hyderabad, India, from September 2012 to December 2014...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766456/prognostic-role-for-the-derived-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-early-breast-cancer-a-geicam-9906-substudy
#11
A J Templeton, Á Rodríguez-Lescure, A Ruíz, E Alba, L Calvo, M Ruíz-Borrego, A Santaballa, C A Rodríguez, C Crespo, M Ramos, J M Gracia-Marco, A Lluch, I Álvarez, M I Casas, M Sánchez-Aragó, R Caballero, E Carrasco, E Amir, M Martin, A Ocaña
PURPOSE: Elevated markers of host inflammation, a hallmark of cancer, have been associated with worse outcomes in several solid tumors. Here, we explore the prognostic role of the derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR), across different tumor subtypes, in patients with early breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 1246 patients with lymph node-positive, operable early breast cancer enrolled in the GEICAM/9906 trial, a multicenter randomized phase 3 study evaluating adjuvant chemotherapy...
May 15, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765960/lichen-planopilaris-with-pustules-a-diagnostic-challenge
#12
Karina L Morais, Cintia F Martins, Alessandra Anzai, Neusa Y S Valente, Ricardo Romiti
Introduction: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is a lymphocytic primary cicatricial alopecia presenting with scarring hair loss and variable degrees of perifollicular erythema and scaling. Pustules are infrequent and may mimic folliculitis decalvans (FD) and other forms of neutrophilic alopecia. We present a series of LPP cases with pustules and discuss the importance of differentiating them from primary neutrophilic folliculitis. Materials and Methods: Demographic, clinical, histopathological, and follow-up data of 13 cases of LPP with pustules followed at the Department of Dermatology of the University of São Paulo Medical School were described...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765248/preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-prognostic-predictor-after-curative-intent-surgery-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-experience-from-a-developing-country
#13
Danijel Galun, Aleksandar Bogdanovic, Jelena Djokic Kovac, Predrag Bulajic, Zlatibor Loncar, Marinko Zuvela
Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate a prognostic value of preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on long-term survival of cirrhotic and noncirrhotic hepatocellular cancer (HCC) patients managed by a curative-intent liver surgery in a developing country. Patients and methods: During the study period between November 1, 2001, and December 31, 2012, 109 patients underwent potentially curative hepatectomy for HCC. Data were retrospectively reviewed from the prospectively collected database...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765096/temporal-changes-in-immune-cell-composition-and-cytokines-in-response-to-chemoradiation-in-rectal-cancer
#14
Yong Joon Lee, Sat Byol Lee, Suk Kyung Beak, Yoon Dae Han, Min Soo Cho, Hyuk Hur, Kang Young Lee, Nam Kyu Kim, Byung Soh Min
We measured systemic changes in the immune response in 92 patients receiving preoperative chemoradiation therapy (CRT) and subsequent surgery for rectal cancer. The peripheral blood was sampled five times from the onset of CRT until surgery. Lymphocytes decreased continuously during CRT but increased after CRT. The increased lymphocyte population was predominantly CD8+ T lymphocytes, which accounted for a significantly larger proportion in patients without residual lymph node metastasis than in those with residual lymph node metastasis...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764681/plasmid-pcdna3-1-s11-constructed-based-on-the-s11-segment-of-grass-carp-reovirus-as-dna-vaccine-provides-immune-protection
#15
Yan Gao, Chao Pei, Xiaoying Sun, Chao Zhang, Li Li, Xianghui Kong
Although some commercial vaccines against grass carp reovirus (GCRV) are available, given the many varieties of GCRV and limited types of vaccines, the disease caused by GCRV remains a major problem, which leads to economic losses in grass carp aquaculture. A reovirus strain (GCRV-HN14) was recently isolated from local diseased fish in our laboratory. The S11 segment of GCRV-HN14 was speculated to encode the virus capsid protein VP35. In our study, the S11 segment was cloned into the eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3...
May 12, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763889/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-functional-and-safety-outcomes-after-endovascular-treatment-for-acute-ischemic-stroke
#16
Zhenhui Duan, Huaiming Wang, Zhen Wang, Yonggang Hao, Wenjie Zi, Dong Yang, Zhiming Zhou, Wenhua Liu, Min Lin, Zhonghua Shi, Penghua Lv, Yue Wan, Gelin Xu, Yunyun Xiong, Wusheng Zhu, Xinfeng Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Endovascular treatment (EVT) is proven to be safe and effective for treating acute large vessel occlusion stroke (LVOS). The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) reflects systemic inflammation, which plays an important role in the process of treating ischemic stroke. This study aims to explore the relationship between NLR and the clinical outcomes of LVOS patients undergoing EVT. METHODS: Patients were selected from the EVT for acUte Anterior circuLation (ACTUAL) ischemic stroke registry...
May 15, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761858/predictive-impact-of-the-inflammation-based-indices-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-with-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#17
Yong Tao, Lei Ding, Guan Gen Yang, Jian Ming Qiu, Dong Wang, Hongtao Wang, Chao Fu
Increasing evidences reported that cancer-triggered inflammation was associated with survival prognosis from colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the comprehensive effects of inflammatory-based coNLR-PLR that combines neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) rarely remain to be determined during chemotherapy. We retrospectively analyzed clinical data and baseline laboratory parameters from 153 colorectal cancer patients who underwent palliative adjuvant chemotherapy between January 2009 to January 2012...
May 15, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761587/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-prognostic-indicator-in-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Tristan Tham, Yonatan Bardash, Saori Wendy Herman, Peter David Costantino
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to investigate the relationship between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and prognosis in head and neck cancer. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were done to investigate the role of NLR in overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), disease-free survival (DFS), and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: For qualitative analysis, 33 cohorts with over 10 072 patients were included...
May 14, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761518/the-value-of-inflammation-based-prognostic-scores-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-resection-for-oesophageal-and-gastric-carcinoma
#19
Jiaxin Wen, Matthew Bedford, Ruksana Begum, Harriet Mitchell, James Hodson, John Whiting, Ewen Griffiths
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical interventions for oesophagogastric cancer carry a significant burden of morbidity and mortality. A range of inflammation based prognostic scores have been proposed in an attempt to predict outcome. This study evaluated five such prognostic scores in oesophageal and gastric carcinoma patients. METHODS: The modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR), Platelet Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR), Prognostic Index (PI), and Prognostic Nutrition Index (PNI) were calculated for 723 consecutive patients undergoing oesophagectomy or gastrectomy at a single center...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760679/hematocrit-values-predict-carotid-intimal-media-thickness-in-obese-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Giovanni Tarantino, Luigi Barrea, Domenico Capone, Vincenzo Citro, Teresa Mosca, Silvia Savastano
Background: Literature data suggest with some criticism that full-fledged cardiovascular (CV) events (acute or chronic) are likely predicted by blood components, which are reported to be associated with the presence/severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study was aimed at determining which marker(s) derived from blood count, such as white blood cells, neutrophils, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, platelet count, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, hematocrit values were associated with ear or subclinical atherosclerosis, in obese patients of various classes suffering from NAFLD...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
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