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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886918/complementary-and-alternative-therapies-for-restless-legs-syndrome-an-evidence-based-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Xiao-Min Xu, Yang Liu, Shi-Yu Jia, Mei-Xue Dong, Du Cao, You-Dong Wei
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is defined as an irresistible urge to move the legs, which is usually accompanied by paresthesias or dysesthesias at least twice weekly, and affects 2%-4% of adults in Europe and North America. This systematic review assesses the current complementary and alternative options for RLS and the potential benefits of those treatments on sleep quality, mood disorder, and quality of life. A systematic search of the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases was conducted. Eighteen studies met the inclusion criterion, which included the use of the international RLS study group criteria...
June 19, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840157/evaluation-of-evoked-responses-to-pulse-matched-high-frequency-and-intermittent-theta-burst-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-using-simultaneous-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#2
Adrian Curtin, Junfeng Sun, Hasan Ayaz, Zhenying Qian, Banu Onaral, Jijun Wang, Shanbao Tong
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive method used to excite or inhibit cortical activity for experimental, diagnostic, and therapeutic interventions. However, nonmotor regions of the brain targeted in TMS therapies, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), offer no extrinsic response to stimulation, resulting in a need for a practical method for the evaluation of treatment. We sought to determine the capability of a continuous-wave light emitting diodes (LED)-based functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) system to measure evoked cortical hemoglobin changes in the DLPFC during the simultaneous application of TMS to the left-DLPFC under brief stimulation paradigms used in the clinic...
October 2017: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593105/photobiomodulation-with-near-infrared-light-helmet-in-a-pilot-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-in-dementia-patients-testing-memory-and-cognition
#3
Marvin H Berman, James P Halper, Trent W Nichols, H Jarrett, Alan Lundy, Jason H Huang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common, chronic expensive debilitating neurodegenerative disease with no current treatments to prevent the physical deterioration of the brain and the consequent cognitive deficits. The current pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease is the accumulation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) of hyperphosphorylated tau protein and amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques. Antibody therapy of Tau and Amyloid beta, vaccines and other methods to decrease Tau and or Amyloid have not been successful after considerable pharmaceutical and biotech efforts...
2017: Journal of neurology and neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580093/photobiomodulation-and-the-brain-a-new-paradigm
#4
Madison Hennessy, Michael R Hamblin
Transcranial photobiomodulation (PBM) also known as low level laser therapy (tLLLT) relies on the use of red/NIR light to stimulate, preserve and regenerate cells and tissues. The mechanism of action involves photon absorption in the mitochondria (cytochrome c oxidase), and ion channels in cells leading to activation of signaling pathways, up-regulation of transcription factors, and increased expression of protective genes. We have studied PBM for treating traumatic brain injury (TBI) in mice using a NIR laser spot delivered to the head...
January 2017: Journal of Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556875/nonpharmacological-treatments-for-post-stroke-depression-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#5
Niloufar Niakosari Hadidi, Roberta L Huna Wagner, Ruth Lindquist
Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death and the number one cause of long-term disability. Seventy-five percent of annual stroke victims are older than 65. Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common consequence of stroke, with the estimated prevalence ranging from 25% to 79%. Although several studies have investigated the impact of pharmacological interventions on PSD, there is a significant gap in knowledge regarding the efficacy of nonpharmacological measures for treatment of PSD. The purpose of the current integrative literature review was to synthesize the state of knowledge on selected nonpharmacological treatments for PSD and present findings regarding the efficacy of investigated treatments...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255783/transcranial-led-therapy-on-amyloid-%C3%AE-toxin-25-35-in-the-hippocampal-region-of-rats
#6
Camila da Luz Eltchechem, Afonso Shiguemi Inoue Salgado, Renato Amaro Zângaro, Mário César da Silva Pereira, Ivo Ilvan Kerppers, Luis Augusto da Silva, Rodolfo Borges Parreira
Excessive Aβ deposition in the brain is associated with the formation of senile plaques, and their diffuse distribution is related to Alzheimer's disease. Thirty rats (EG) were irradiated with light-emitting diode (photobiomodulation (PBM)) in the frontal region of the skull after being inoculated with the Aβ toxin in the hippocampus; 30 rats were used as the control group (CG). The analysis was conducted at 7, 14, and 21 days after irradiation. We observed a decreased in Aβ deposits in treated animals compared with animals in the CG...
May 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231069/the-potential-of-transcranial-photobiomodulation-therapy-for-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder
#7
Farzad Salehpour, Seyed Hossein Rasta
Major depressive disorder is a common debilitating mood disorder that affects quality of life. Prefrontal cortex abnormalities, an imbalance in neurotransmitters, neuroinflammation, and mitochondrial dysfunction are the major factors in the etiology of major depressive disorder. Despite the efficacy of pharmacotherapy in the treatment of major depressive disorder, 30%-40% of patients do not respond to antidepressants. Given this, exploring the alternative therapies for treatment or prevention of major depressive disorder has aroused interest among scientists...
May 24, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210202/mechanisms-and-effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation
#8
James Giordano, Marom Bikson, Emily S Kappenman, Vincent P Clark, H Branch Coslett, Michael R Hamblin, Roy Hamilton, Ryan Jankord, Walter J Kozumbo, R Andrew McKinley, Michael A Nitsche, J Patrick Reilly, Jessica Richardson, Rachel Wurzman, Edward Calabrese
The US Air Force Office of Scientific Research convened a meeting of researchers in the fields of neuroscience, psychology, engineering, and medicine to discuss most pressing issues facing ongoing research in the field of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and related techniques. In this study, we present opinions prepared by participants of the meeting, focusing on the most promising areas of research, immediate and future goals for the field, and the potential for hormesis theory to inform tDCS research...
January 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186867/significant-improvement-in-cognition-in-mild-to-moderately-severe-dementia-cases-treated-with-transcranial-plus-intranasal-photobiomodulation-case-series-report
#9
Anita E Saltmarche, Margaret A Naeser, Kai Fai Ho, Michael R Hamblin, Lew Lim
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether patients with mild to moderately severe dementia or possible Alzheimer's disease (AD) with Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) Baseline scores of 10-24 would improve when treated with near-infrared photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy. BACKGROUND: Animal studies have presented the potential of PBM for AD. Dysregulation of the brain's default mode network (DMN) has been associated with AD, presenting the DMN as an identifiable target for PBM...
August 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049075/abnormal-brain-oscillations-persist-after-recovery-from-bipolar-depression
#10
P Canali, S Casarotto, M Rosanova, G Sferrazza-Papa, A G Casali, O Gosseries, M Massimini, E Smeraldi, C Colombo, F Benedetti
When directly perturbed in healthy subjects, premotor cortical areas generate electrical oscillations in the beta range (20-40Hz). In schizophrenia, major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder (BD), these oscillations are markedly reduced, in terms of amplitude and frequency. However, it still remains unclear whether these abnormalities can be modulated over time, or if they can be still observed after treatment. Here, we employed transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) combined with EEG to assess the frontal oscillatory activity in eighteen BD patients before/after antidepressant treatments (sleep deprivation and light therapy), relative to nine healthy controls...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001759/transcranial-low-level-laser-light-therapy-for-brain-injury
#11
Connor Thunshelle, Michael R Hamblin
BACKGROUND: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) or photobiomodulation (PBM) is a possible treatment for brain injury, including traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We review the fundamental mechanisms at the cellular and molecular level and the effects on the brain are discussed. There are several contributing processes that have been proposed to lead to the beneficial effects of PBM in treating TBI such as stimulation of neurogenesis, a decrease in inflammation, and neuroprotection...
December 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001756/transcranial-red-near-infrared-light-emitting-diode-therapy-to-improve-cognition-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Margaret A Naeser, Paula I Martin, Michael D Ho, Maxine H Krengel, Yelena Bogdanova, Jeffrey A Knight, Megan K Yee, Ross Zafonte, Judith Frazier, Michael R Hamblin, Bang-Bon Koo
We review the general topic of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and our research utilizing transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM) to improve cognition in chronic TBI using red/near-infrared (NIR) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to deliver light to the head. tPBM improves mitochondrial function increasing oxygen consumption, production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and improving cellular energy stores. Nitric oxide is released from the cells increasing regional blood flow in the brain. Review of published studies: In our previously published study, 11 chronic TBI patients with closed-head TBI caused by different accidents (motor vehicle accident, sports-related, improvised explosive device blast injury) and exhibiting long-lasting cognitive dysfunction received 18 outpatient treatments (Monday, Wednesday, Friday for 6 weeks) starting at 10 months to 8 years post-TBI...
December 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635607/-possibilities-of-non-drug-treatment-for-parkinson-s-disease
#13
REVIEW
D V Pokhabov, V G Abramov, D D Pokhabov
In this article, non-drug methods of treatment of Parkinson's disease are reviewed. Particular attention is given to the motor symptoms of disease, specifically to gait disorders. Information about objective methods of gait impairment is presented. Own results that confirm the effect of a method of tempo-rhythmical correction of walk in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and vascular parkinsonism as well as a device for assessment of gait parameters developed by the authors are analyzed. The efficacy of other methods of gait correction using external cues, study design and level of evidence are analyzed as well...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367569/therapeutic-effects-of-10-hzpulsed-wave-lasers-in-rat-depression-model-a-comparison-between-near-infrared-and-red-wavelengths
#14
Farzad Salehpour, Seyed Hossein Rasta, Gisou Mohaddes, Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad, Sima Salarirad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The application of transcranial low-level light/laser therapy (tLLLT) in the range of red to near-infrared (NIR) spectrum for psychological disorders is a new area that is attracting growing interest in recent years. The photomodulation effects of NIR and red coherent lights on the activity of cytochrome c oxidase in neuronal cells of brain have been recently introduced. This study, therefore, sought to compare the therapeutic effects of 10-Hz pulsed wave NIR (810 nm) laser with red (630 nm) laser using the same delivered energy density and Citalopram in rat chronic mild stress (CMS) model of depression and anxiety...
September 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267860/transcranial-laser-stimulation-as-neuroenhancement-for-attention-bias-modification-in-adults-with-elevated-depression-symptoms
#15
Seth G Disner, Christopher G Beevers, Francisco Gonzalez-Lima
BACKGROUND: Low-level light therapy (LLLT) with transcranial laser is a non-invasive form of neuroenhancement shown to regulate neuronal metabolism and cognition. Attention bias modification (ABM) is a cognitive intervention designed to improve depression by decreasing negative attentional bias, but to date its efficacy has been inconclusive. Adjunctive neuroenhancement to augment clinical effectiveness has shown promise, particularly for individuals who respond positively to the primary intervention...
September 2016: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989758/review-of-transcranial-photobiomodulation-for-major-depressive-disorder-targeting-brain-metabolism-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-neurogenesis
#16
REVIEW
Paolo Cassano, Samuel R Petrie, Michael R Hamblin, Theodore A Henderson, Dan V Iosifescu
We examined the use of near-infrared and red radiation (photobiomodulation, PBM) for treating major depressive disorder (MDD). While still experimental, preliminary data on the use of PBM for brain disorders are promising. PBM is low-cost with potential for wide dissemination; further research on PBM is sorely needed. We found clinical and preclinical studies via PubMed search (2015), using the following keywords: "near-infrared radiation," "NIR," "low-level light therapy," "low-level laser therapy," or "LLLT" plus "depression...
July 2016: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26920546/shining-light-on-the-sprout-of-life-optogenetics-applications-in-stem-cell-research-and-therapy
#17
REVIEW
Hadi Mirzapour Delavar, Arezou Karamzadeh, Saghar Pahlavanneshan
Optogenetics is the integration of genetics and optics to achieve gain or loss of function of well-defined events in specific cells of living tissue. As a versatile tool, upon light illumination, it allows fast control of precisely defined events in biological systems from single cell to different parts of whole tissue in freely moving animals. Taking advantage of this method, a multitude of studies have been published to understand brain functions and dysfunctions. Although from the beginning, it has been used to target neurons within the neural networks and to understand how specific neurons contribute to brain function, it gradually has been extended to other fields of biology such as stem cell research and therapy...
June 2016: Journal of Membrane Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889965/pre-conditioning-with-transcranial-low-level-light-therapy-reduces-neuroinflammation-and-protects-blood-brain-barrier-after-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-mice
#18
Hae In Lee, Jung Hwa Park, Min Young Park, Nam Gyun Kim, Kyoung-Jun Park, Byung Tae Choi, Yong-Ii Shin, Hwa Kyoung Shin
PURPOSE: Transcranial low-level light therapy (LLLT) has gained interest as a non-invasive, inexpensive and safe method of modulating neurological and psychological functions in recent years. This study was designed to examine the preventive effects of LLLT via visible light source against cerebral ischemia at the behavioral, structural and neurochemical levels. METHODS: The mice received LLLT twice a day for 2 days prior to photothrombotic cortical ischemia. RESULTS: LLLT significantly reduced infarct size and edema and improved neurological and motor function 24 h after ischemic injury...
2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26835486/transcranial-low-level-laser-therapy-810%C3%A2-nm-temporarily-inhibits-peripheral-nociception-photoneuromodulation-of-glutamate-receptors-prostatic-acid-phophatase-and-adenosine-triphosphate
#19
Marcelo Victor Pires de Sousa, Cleber Ferraresi, Masayoshi Kawakubo, Beatriz Kaippert, Elisabeth Mateus Yoshimura, Michael R Hamblin
Photobiomodulation or low-level light therapy has been shown to attenuate both acute and chronic pain, but the mechanism of action is not well understood. In most cases, the light is applied to the painful area, but in the present study we applied light to the head. We found that transcranial laser therapy (TLT) applied to mouse head with specific parameters (810 nm laser, [Formula: see text], 7.2 or [Formula: see text]) decreased the reaction to pain in the foot evoked either by pressure (von Frey filaments), cold, or inflammation (formalin injection) or in the tail (evoked by heat)...
January 2016: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26817446/transcranial-laser-stimulation-improves-human-cerebral-oxygenation
#20
Fenghua Tian, Snehal N Hase, F Gonzalez-Lima, Hanli Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Transcranial laser stimulation of the brain with near-infrared light is a novel form of non-invasive photobiomodulation or low-level laser therapy (LLLT) that has shown therapeutic potential in a variety of neurological and psychological conditions. Understanding of its neurophysiological effects is essential for mechanistic study and treatment evaluation. This study investigated how transcranial laser stimulation influences cerebral hemodynamics and oxygenation in the human brain in vivo using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS)...
April 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
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