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polyethylene terephthalate

Yue Xuan, Kapil Krishnan, Jian Ye, Danny Dvir, Julius M Guccione, Liang Ge, Elaine E Tseng
OBJECTIVE: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is established therapy for high-risk and inoperable patients with severe aortic stenosis, but questions remain regarding long-term durability. Valve design influences durability. Increased leaflet stresses in surgical bioprostheses have been correlated with degeneration; however, transcatheter valve leaflet stresses are unknown. From 2007 to 2014, a majority of US patients received first-generation balloon-expandable transcatheter valves...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Antonio Higinio Sánchez, Antonio López-López, Víctor Manuel Beato, Antonio de Castro, Alfredo Montaño
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in the use of pasteurizable plastic packaging by the olive industry. In order to investigate the change from traditional glass or varnished can containers to plastic packaging, the proper plastic material that is compatible with fermented olives while maintaining color quality during pasteurization treatment and storage must be selected. This work is focused on color stability in two distinct pasteurizable plastic containers with different oxygen permeability...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
H Snell, A Nassour, M Nelles
In 2003, a deposit system for one-way packaging was introduced in Germany. Since that time, polyethylene terephthalate beverage packaging is collected through various collection systems, a deposit system, a reusable packaging system and the 'Green Dot' (the dual system) with the yellow bag. The manner of collection had a decisive influence on the quality of the generated recycled materials. The research at hand shows for the first time how the quality of polyethylene terephthalate flakes depends on the type of collection system...
January 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
Sut Kam Ho, Dario Machado Garcia
A two-pulse laser-excited atomic fluorescence (LEAF) technique at 193 nm wavelength was applied to the analysis of indium tin oxide (ITO) layer on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film. Fluorescence emissions from analytes were induced from plumes generated by first laser pulse. Using this approach, non-selective LEAF can be accomplished for simultaneous multi-element analysis and it overcomes the handicap of strict requirement for laser excitation wavelength. In this study, experimental conditions including laser fluences, times for gating and time delay between pulses were optimized to reveal high sensitivity with minimal sample destruction and penetration...
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
Daniel Lordan, Micheal Burke, Mary Manning, Alfonso Martin, Andreas Amann, Dan O' Connell, Richard Murphy, Colin Lyons, Aidan J Quinn
Metal meshes have emerged as an important class of flexible transparent electrodes. We report on the characteristics of a new class of asymmetric meshes, tiled using a recently-discovered family of pentagons. Micron-scale meshes were fabricated on flexible polyethylene terephthalate substrates via optical lithography, metal evaporation (Ti 10 nm, Pt 50 nm) and lift-off. Three different designs were assessed, each with the same tessellation pattern and linewidth (5 µm), but with different sizes of the fundamental pentagonal unit...
January 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Natsumi Amano, Mitsuru Takahashi, Hiroaki Uchiyama, Hiromitsu Kozuka
Anatase thin films were prepared on various plastic substrates by our recently developed sol-gel transfer technique. Polycarbonate (PC), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polyether ether ketone (PEEK), and polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) were employed as plastic substrates. A Si(100) substrate was first coated with a polyimide (PI)/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) mixture layer, and an alkoxide-derived titania gel film was deposited on it by spin-coating...
January 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Yanlong Tai, Gilles Lubineau
Carbon nanomaterials have excellent humidity sensing properties. Here, it is demonstrated that multiwalled carbon-nanotube (MWCNT)- and reduced-graphene-oxide (rGO)-based conductive films have opposite humidity/electrical resistance responses: MWCNTs increase their electrical resistance (positive response) and rGOs decrease their electrical resistance (negative response). The authors propose a new phenomenology that describes a "net"-like model for MWCNT films and a "scale"-like model for rGO films to explain these behaviors based on contributions from junction resistances (at interparticle junctions) and intrinsic resistances (of the particles)...
January 9, 2017: Small
Qian Bao, Norihito Nishimura, Hirotoshi Kamata, Kentaro Furue, Yuki Ono, Masaaki Hosomi, Akihiko Terada
Fluorinated polymers generally function as antibacterial agents, but their anti-biofilm effect remains unresolved. This study investigates the efficacy of fluoropolymers containing 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-p-phenylenedimethanol (TFPDM) in preventing biofilm formation by Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli (Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial species). To this end, TFPDM-based acrylate and epoxy polymers (AF and EF, respectively) and their structural analogues without TFPDM (A and E, respectively) were synthesized...
December 15, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Shirin Shafaei, Nikolaus Klamerth, Yanyan Zhang, Kerry McPhedran, James R Bolton, Mohamed Gamal El-Din
Photoreactivation is a process where ultraviolet (UV)-induced damage to the DNA of microorganisms can be reversed by exposure to near UV and visible light. To date, most photoreactivation experiments have been carried out under laboratory conditions using standard microorganisms that do not reflect the natural conditions of municipal wastewater effluents. Photoreactivation could increase the concentration of pathogens released into natural systems, leading to negative impacts on fish, shellfish, and clams. In addition, pathogen release can increase health risks of downstream activities, such as swimming...
January 4, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Long Zhao, Songzhi Xie, Xiaojie Song, Jiaojun Wei, Zhao Zhang, Xiaohong Li
The development of rapid, convenient and reliable assays for monitoring alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels is valuable for clinical diagnoses and biomedical research. In the current study, a ratiometric assay of ALP activity has been realized by covalent immobilization of fluorescein onto polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fibers, followed by electrostatic adsorption of bisquaternary ammonium salt of tetraphenylethene (TPE-2N(+)). In the absence of ALP, the complex formation between phosphorylated fluorescein and TPE-2N(+) results in the aggregation-induced emission (AIE) of TPE at 471nm...
December 11, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Kazuhiro Takahashi, Reiji Tanaka, Satoshi Fukuzaki
 The inactivation of Vibrio parahaemolyticus cells that were unattached or attached to a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) disc in pH-controlled sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solutions was studied under turbulent conditions. No significant desorption of attached cells occurred at the free available chlorine (FAC) concentrations from 0.1 to 1.0 mg/l. The number of viable cells was estimated by microbial calorimetry. The logarithmic relative reduction of viable cells was proportional to the product of the FAC concentration and time...
2016: Biocontrol Science
Kuan-Ming Huang, Tsung-Yen Tsou, Chia-Wei Chang, Ying-Chih Liao
In this study, a theoretical model was developed to analyze the stability of liquid elbow patterns and validated by experiments. An exemplar system of ethylene glycol continuously deposited on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was used to study the effects of printing parameters on bulge formation near the elbow corners. In the elbow region, because of the capillary pressure differences, liquids flowed into the concave elbow corner and formed bulges easily after being printed. However, the bulge formation disappeared when the elbow angle is >90°...
December 30, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Kiwoong Kim, Hyejeong Kim, Jae Hong Lim, Sang Joon Lee
The shortage of available fresh water is one of the global issues presently faced by humanity. To determine a solution to this problem, the survival strategies of plants have been examined. In this study, a nature-inspired membrane with a highly charged surface is proposed as an effective membrane for the filtration of saline water. To mimic the desalination characteristics of mangrove roots, a macroporous membrane based on polyethylene terephthalate is treated with polyelectrolytes using a layer-by-layer deposition method...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Long Liu, Wei Tang, Zhong Lin Wang
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films' electret property was significantly enhanced after being treated with inductively coupled plasma (ICP). Based on this modified material, the triboelectric nanogenerators' (TENGs) transferred charges remained at 68.6% of the initial value after 400 000 cycles of contact-separation process, which was about three times that of the untreated samples.
January 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
Yen-Ta Tseng, Hsin-Yu Lu, Jie-Ren Li, Wan-Ju Tung, Wen-Hao Chen, Lai-Kwan Chau
Surface modification of a polymer substrate with a mercapto functionality is crucial in many applications such as flexible circuitry and point-of-care biosensors. We present here a novel bifunctional molecular adhesive, 3-mercaptopropylsilatrane (MPS), as an interface between polymer and metal surfaces. Under ambient conditions, surface modification of polymer surfaces with a mercapto functionality can be achieved with low concentration (0.46 mM) of MPS in aqueous solvent (50% ethanol) in a short time (<30 min)...
December 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Junying Weng, Xiaoyun Li, Ying Guan, X X Zhu, Yongjun Zhang
2D colloidal crystals (CCs) have important applications; however, the fabrication of large-area, high-quality 2D CCs is still far from being trivial, and the fabrication of 2D microgel CCs is even harder. Here, we have demonstrated that they can be facilely fabricated using charge-reversible substrates. The charge-reversible substrates were prepared by modification with amino groups. The amino groups were then protected by amidation with 2,2-dimethylsuccinic anhydride. At acidic pH, the surface charge of the modified substrate will change from negative to positive as a result of the hydrolysis of the amide bonds and the regeneration of the amino groups...
December 6, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Biswajit Mishra, Tamara Lushnikova, Radha M Golla, Xiuqing Wang, Guangshun Wang
: Short antimicrobial peptides are essential to keep us healthy and their lasting potency can inspire the design of new types of antibiotics. This study reports the design of a family of eight-residue tryptophan-rich peptides (TetraF2W) obtained by converting the four phenylalanines in temporin-SHf to tryptophans. The temporin-SHf template was identified from the antimicrobial peptide database ( Remarkably, the double arginine variant (TetraF2W-RR) was more effective in killing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) USA300, but less cytotoxic to human skin HaCat and kidney HEK293 cells, than the lysine-containing dibasic combinations (KR, RK and KK)...
February 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
J H Du, H Jin, Z K Zhang, D D Zhang, S Jia, L P Ma, W C Ren, H M Cheng, P L Burn
The large surface roughness, low work function and high cost of transparent electrodes using multilayer graphene films can limit their application in organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells. Here, we develop single layer graphene (SLG) films as transparent anodes for OPV cells that contain light-absorbing layers comprised of the evaporable molecular organic semiconductor materials, zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc)/fullerene (C60), as well as a molybdenum oxide (MoOx) interfacial layer. In addition to an increase in the optical transmittance, the SLG anodes had a significant decrease in surface roughness compared to two and four layer graphene (TLG and FLG) anodes fabricated by multiple transfer and stacking of SLGs...
January 7, 2017: Nanoscale
John Canning, Md Arafat Hossain, Chunyang Han, Loic Chartier, Kevin Cook, Tristan Athanaze
The temperature distribution within extrusion nozzles of three low-cost desktop 3D printers is characterized using fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) to assess their compatibility as micro-furnaces for optical fiber and taper production. These profiles show remarkably consistent distributions suitable for direct drawing of optical fiber. As proof of principle, coreless optical fibers (φ=30  μm) made from fluorinated acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and polyethylene terephthalate glycol (PETG) are drawn...
December 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Abolfazl Naji, Zinat Esmaili, Farhan R Khan
Currently little is known about the prevalence of plastics and microplastics (MPs) in the Persian Gulf. Five sampling stations were selected along the Strait of Hormuz (Iran) that exhibited different levels of industrialization and urbanization, and included a marine protected area. Debris was observed and sediments were collected for MPs extraction via fluidization/floatation methodology. The order of MP abundance (par/kg) generally reflected the level of anthropogenic activity: Bostanu (1258±291)>Gorsozan (122±23)>Khor-e-Yekshabeh (26±6)>Suru (14±4)>Khor-e-Azini (2±1)...
November 25, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
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