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polyethylene terephthalate

Supamas Danwittayakul, Supachai Songngam, Tipawan Fhulua, Panida Muangkasem, Sittha Sukkasi
Solar water disinfection (SODIS) is a simple point-of-use process that uses sunlight to disinfect water for drinking. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles are typically used as water containers for SODIS, but a new SODIS container design has recently been developed with low-density polyethylene (LDPE) bags and can overcome the drawbacks of PET bottles. Two nesting layers of LDPE bags are used in the new design: the inner layer containing the water to be disinfected and the outer one creating air insulation to minimize heat loss from the water to the surroundings...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Technology
Umit Kervan, Sinan Sabit Kocabeyoglu, Dogan Emre Sert, Emre Aygün, Kemal Kavasoglu, Mehmet Karahan, Ertekin Utku Unal, Mustafa Pac
OBJECTIVES: The common femoral artery is the standard site for immediate vascular access when initiating adult venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. However, this approach is fraught with problems such as femoral artery occlusion, distal limb ischemia, reperfusion injury resulting in compartment syndrome, retroperitoneal hemorrhage, thrombosis, embolization, and most importantly, pulmonary edema. Here, we show our preference of using the subclavian artery with a side graft as a different cannulation technique for outflow of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, which can avoid complications associated with different access techniques...
October 14, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Bhaskar Dudem, Yeong Hwan Ko, Jung Woo Leem, Joo Ho Lim, Jae Su Yu
We report the hierarchical nano/micro architectured (HNMA)-polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film-based hybrid energy cells with multi-functionality to simultaneously harvest mechanical, solar, and wind energies. These films consist of nano/micro dual-scale architectures (i.e., nanonipples on inverted micro pyramidal arrays) on the PDMS surface. The HNMA-PDMS is replicable by a facile and cost-effective soft imprint lithography (SIL) using a nanoporous anodic alumina oxide (AAO) film formed on the micro-pyramidal (MP) structured silicon substrate...
October 19, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Madathipat Unnikrishnan, Sidharth Viswanathan, K Balasubramaniam, C V Muraleedharan, Arthur Vijayan Lal, P V Mohanan, Meera Mohanty, Tirur Raman Kapilamoorthy
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Vascular illnesses are on the rise in India, due to increase in lifestyle diseases and demographic transition, requiring intervention to save life, organ or limbs using vascular prosthesis. The aim of this study was to develop indigenous large diameter vascular graft for treatment of patients with vascular pathologies. METHODS: The South India Textile Research Association, at Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India, developed seamless woven polyester (Polyethylene terephthalate) graft at its research wing...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Hubert Antolak, Agata Czyzowska, Dorota Kregiel
The aim of the study was to evaluate the activity of high-polyphenolic black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) and bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) juices against bacterial strains Asaia lannensis and Asaia bogorensis isolated as spoilage of commercial soft drinks. The composition of fruit juices was evaluated using chromatographic techniques HPLC and LC-MS. The adhesion to glass, polystyrene, and polyethylene terephthalate in two different culture media was evaluated by luminometry and the plate count method. The major anthocyanins in the V...
2016: BioMed Research International
Christian Wissgott, Wolfram Schmidt, Christoph Brandt-Wunderlich, Peter Behrens, Reimer Andresen
PURPOSE: To report early clinical outcomes with a novel double-layer stent for the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the in vitro investigation of the stent's mechanical properties. METHODS: A prospective single-center study enrolled 30 consecutive patients (mean age 73.1±6.3 years; 21 men) with symptomatic (n=25) or high-grade (n=5) ICA stenosis treated with the new double-layer carotid CGUARD Embolic Prevention System (EPS) stent, which has an inner open-cell nitinol design with an outer closed-cell polyethylene terephthalate layer...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Florentina Neaţu, Geanina Culică, Mihaela Florea, Vasile I Parvulescu, Fabrizio Cavani
The synthesis of terephthalic acid from biomass remains an unsolved challenge. In this study, we conducted the selective oxidation of p-cymene (synthesized from biodegradable terpenes, limonene, or eucalyptol) into terephthalic acid over a Mn-Fe mixed-oxide heterogeneous catalyst. The impact of various process parameters (oxidant, temperature, reaction time, catalyst amount, oxygen pressure) on the selectivity to terephthalic acid was evaluated, and some mechanistic aspects were elucidated. An unprecedented synthesis of biobased terephthalic acid (51 % yield) in the presence of O2 is reported...
October 12, 2016: ChemSusChem
Changyeon Baek, Jong Hyuk Yun, Ji Eun Wang, Chang Kyu Jeong, Keon Jae Lee, Kwi-Il Park, Do Kyung Kim
Lead-free piezoelectric 0.5(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3-0.5Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3 (BCTZ) nanoparticles (NPs) composed of earth-abundant elements were adopted for use in a flexible composite-based piezoelectric energy harvester (PEH) that can convert mechanical deformation into electrical energy. The solid-state synthesized BCTZ NPs and silver nanowires (Ag NWs) chosen to reduce the toxicity of the filler materials were blended with a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrix to produce a piezoelectric nanocomposite (p-NC). The naturally flexible polymer-based p-NC layers were sandwiched between two conductive polyethylene terephthalate plastic substrates to achieve a flexible energy harvester...
October 14, 2016: Nanoscale
Chong Hu, Sheng Lin, Wanbo Li, Han Sun, Yangfan Chen, Chiu-Wing Chan, Chung-Hang Leung, Dik-Lung Ma, Hongkai Wu, Kangning Ren
An ultra-fast, extremely cost-effective, and environmentally friendly method was developed for fabricating flexible microfluidic chips with plastic membranes. With this method, we could fabricate plastic microfluidic chips rapidly (within 12 seconds per piece) at an extremely low cost (less than $0.02 per piece). We used a heated perfluoropolymer perfluoroalkoxy (often called Teflon PFA) solid stamp to press a pile of two pieces of plastic membranes, low density polyethylene (LDPE) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) coated with an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA)...
October 5, 2016: Lab on a Chip
Zhengang Lu, Limin Ma, Jiubin Tan, Heyan Wang, Xuemei Ding
A high-performance electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding structure based on pure graphene (without doping) consists of several graphene sheets separated by transparent polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films. We report the theoretical and experimental design, and characterization of the multi-layer graphene/PET structures. With a total graphene thickness of only 4 nm, the graphene/PET sample demonstrated an average shielding effectiveness of 19.14 dB at 18-26.5 GHz, with a maximum microwave absorbance of 95...
September 22, 2016: Nanoscale
Dong-Po Song, Aditi Naik, Shengkai Li, Alexander Ribbe, James J Watkins
We report a simple strategy for the creation of large-area nanoporous hybrid films of silica, carbon, and gold on polyethylene terephthalate via photothermal processing. This method enables the selective heating of light-absorbing thin films on low-temperature substrates using submillisecond light pulses generated by a xenon flash lamp. The film contains gold nanoparticles as the nano-heaters to convert light energy into heat, a sacrificial block copolymer surfactant to generate mesopores, and cross-linked polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) as the silica source to form the skeleton of the porous structure...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Kouji Katsura, Satoru Utsunomiya, Eisuke Abe, Hironori Sakai, Naotaka Kushima, Satoshi Tanabe, Takumi Yamada, Takahide Hayakawa, Yoshihiko Yamanoi, Syuhei Kimura, Shinichi Wada, Hidefumi Aoyama, Takafumi Hayashi
The changes in dose distribution caused by backscatter radiation from a common commercial dental alloy (Au-Ag-Pd dental alloy; DA) were investigated to identify the optimal material and thicknesses of a dental device (DD) for effective prevention of mucositis. To this end, 1 cm(3) of DA was irradiated with a 6-MV X-ray beam (100 MU) in a field size of 10 × 10 cm(2) using a Novalis TX linear accelerator. Ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer, polyolefin elastomer, and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) were selected as DD materials...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
A R McGoran, P F Clark, D Morritt
Like many urban catchments, the River Thames in London is contaminated with plastics. This pollutant is recorded on the river banks, in the benthic environment and in the water column. The present study was conducted to assess the extent of microplastic ingestion in two River Thames fish species, the European flounder (Platichthys flesus) and European smelt (Osmerus eperlanus). Samples were collected from two sites in Kent, England; Erith and Isle of Grain/Sheppey, near Sheerness, with the latter being more estuarine...
September 30, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Matthew Cole
Microscopic plastic (microplastic, 0.1 µm-5 mm) is a widespread pollutant impacting upon aquatic ecosystems across the globe. Environmental sampling has revealed synthetic fibers are prevalent in seawater, sediments and biota. However, microplastic fibers are rarely used in laboratory studies as they are unavailable for purchase and existing preparation techniques have limited application. To facilitate the incorporation of environmentally relevant microplastic fibers into future studies, new methods are required...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
Wenfeng Wang, Anne Wairimu Ndungu, Zhen Li, Jun Wang
Microplastics have been considered as an emerging pollutant in the aquatic environment. However, research about microplastic pollution in inland freshwaters of China is insufficient. The present study investigated the levels of microplastics in surface water of 20 urban lakes and urban reaches of the Hanjiang River and Yangtze River of Wuhan, the largest city in central China. Microplastic concentrations ranged from 1660.0±639.1 to 8925±1591n/m(3) for the studied waters, with the highest concentration found in Bei Lake...
September 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Antonino Biundo, Doris Ribitsch, Georg Steinkellner, Karl Gruber, Georg M Guebitz
An esterase from Clostridium botulinum (Cbotu_EstA) previously reported to hydrolyze the biodegradable polyester poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) was redesigned to improve the hydrolysis of synthetic polyesters. Increased activity was indeed observed for del71Cbotu_EstA variant, which performed activity on the widespread polyester polyethylene terephthalate, which was not able to be attacked by the wild-type enzyme Cbotu_EstA. Analysis of the 3D structure of the enzyme showed that removing 71 residues at the N-terminus of the enzyme exposed a hydrophobic patch on the surface and improved sorption of hydrophobic polyesters concomitantly facilitating the access of the polymer to the active site...
September 30, 2016: Biotechnology Journal
G S A Boersema, L Utomo, Y Bayon, N Kops, E van der Harst, J F Lange, Y M Bastiaansen-Jenniskens
Macrophages play a key role in the foreign body response. In this study it was investigated whether obesity affects the acute response of macrophages to biomaterials in vitro and whether this response is associated with biomarkers in blood. CD14 (+) monocytes were isolated from blood from obese and age and gender matched lean persons. Monocyte subsets were determined based on CD14 and CD16 on their surface. C-reactive protein (CRP) was measured in peripheral blood. The response of monocyte-derived macrophages to polypropylene (PP), polylactic acid (PLA), polyethylene terephthalate (PET) monofilament, and PET-multifilament (mPET) in culture was based on cytokine production...
December 2016: Biomaterials
Sungwon Seo, Seonggi Kim, Jiyeon Jung, Rujun Ma, Seunghyun Baik, Hyungpil Moon
Touch sensors are crucial in controlling robotic manipulation when a robot interacts with environmental objects. In this study, multilayer flexible touch sensors in the form of an array were developed. The sensors use ink-type conductive flexible adhesives as electrodes which were printed on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films in a parallel equidistance stripe pattern. Between the two printed layers, a double-sided adhesive film was used to combine each layer and was perforated at the junctions of the top and bottom electrodes with different-sized circles...
2016: Sensors
Kyungjin Kim, Hao Luo, Ankit K Singh, Ting Zhu, Samuel Graham, Olivier N Pierron
A singular critical onset strain value has been used to characterize the strain limits of barrier films used in flexible electronics. However, such metrics do not account for time-dependent or environmentally assisted cracking, which can be critical in determining the overall reliability of these thin-film coatings. In this work, the time-dependent channel crack growth behavior of silicon nitride barrier films on poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) substrates is investigated in dry and humid environments by tensile tests with in situ optical microscopy and numerical models...
October 3, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Juliane Schmidt, Ren Wei, Thorsten Oeser, Matheus Regis Belisário-Ferrari, Markus Barth, Johannes Then, Wolfgang Zimmermann
The enzymatic degradation of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) occurs at mild reaction conditions and may find applications in environmentally friendly plastic waste recycling processes. The hydrolytic activity of the homologous polyester hydrolases LC cutinase (LCC) from a compost metagenome and TfCut2 from Thermobifida fusca KW3 against PET films was strongly influenced by the reaction medium buffers tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (Tris), 3-(N-morpholino)propanesulfonic acid (MOPS), and sodium phosphate. LCC showed the highest initial hydrolysis rate of PET films in 0...
September 2016: FEBS Open Bio
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