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polyethylene terephthalate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647251/pet-modified-red-mud-as-catalysts-for-oxidative-desulfurization-reactions
#1
Nayara T do Prado, Ana P Heitmann, Herman S Mansur, Alexandra A Mansur, Luiz C A Oliveira, Cinthia S de Castro
This work describes the synthesis of catalysts based on red mud/polyethylene terephthalate (PET) composites and their subsequent heat treatment under N2 atmosphere. The materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), temperature programmed reduction (TPR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric (TG) analysis and N2 adsorption/desorption. The catalysts were evaluated in the oxidative desulfurization reaction of dibenzothiophene (DBT) in a biphasic system...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632157/development-of-a-novel-transparent-flexible-capacitive-micromachined-ultrasonic-transducer
#2
Da-Chen Pang, Cheng-Min Chang
This paper presents the world's first transparent flexible capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) that was fabricated through a roll-lamination technique. This polymer-based CMUT has advantages of transparency, flexibility, and non-contacting detection which provide unique functions in display panel applications. Comprising an indium tin oxide-polyethylene terephthalate (ITO-PET) substrate, SU-8 sidewall and vibrating membranes, and silver nanowire transparent electrode, the transducer has visible-light transmittance exceeding 80% and can operate on curved surfaces with a 40 mm radius of curvature...
June 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631480/fully-transparent-quantum-dot-light-emitting-diode-with-a-laminated-top-graphene-anode
#3
Li Yao, Xin Fang, Wei Gu, Wenhao Zhai, Yi Wan, Xixi Xie, Wanjin Xu, Xiaodong Pi, Guangzhao Ran, Guogang Qin
A new method to employ graphene as top electrode was introduced, and based on that, fully transparent quantum dot light emitting diodes (T-QLEDs) were sucessfully fabribated through a lamination process. We adopted the widely used wet transfer method to transfer bilayer graphene (BG) on polydimethylsiloxane/polyethylene terephthalate (PDMS/PET) substrate. The sheet resistance of graphene reduced to ~540 Ω/□ through transferring BG for 3 times on the PDMS/PET. The T-QLED has an inverted device structure of glass/Indium tin oxide (ITO)/ZnO nanoparticles (NPs)/(CdSSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs))/ 1,1-bis[(di-4-tolylamino)phenyl] cyclohexane (TAPC)/MoO3/ graphene/PDMS/PET...
June 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622802/rapid-multiplex-dna-amplification-on-an-inexpensive-microdevice-for-human-identification-via-short-tandem-repeat-analysis
#4
Jacquelyn A DuVall, Delphine Le Roux, Brandon L Thompson, Christopher Birch, Daniel A Nelson, Jingyi Li, Daniel L Mills, An-Chi Tsuei, Martin G Ensenberger, Cindy Sprecher, Douglas R Storts, Brian E Root, James P Landers
Forensic DNA analysis requires several steps, including DNA extraction, PCR amplification, and separation of PCR fragments. Intuitively, there are numerous situations where it would be beneficial to speed up the overall DNA analysis process; in this work, we focus on the most time-consuming component in the analysis pipeline, namely the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Primers were specially designed to target 10 human genomic loci, all yielding amplicons shorter than 350 bases, for ease of downstream integration with on-board microchip electrophoresis...
August 8, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621912/use-of-estradiol-promotes-graft-bone-healing-in-rabbit-model-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-a-polyethylene-terephthalate-ligament
#5
Fang Chai, Fang Wan, Jia Jiang, Siheng Wang, Shiyi Chen
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the local use of estradiol after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) artificial ligament graft could promote graft-bone healing. A total of 45 New Zealand white rabbits underwent ACL reconstruction with a PET ligament graft. The experimental groups were administered a local estradiol injection at either a low dose after surgery or a high dose after surgery, and the control group did not receive an injection...
June 16, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612699/coffee-berry-borer-in-conilon-coffee-in-the-brazilian-cerrado-an-ancient-pest-in-a-new-environment
#6
C M Oliveira, M J Santos, R F Amabile, M R Frizzas, G F Bartholo
The aim of this study was to verify the occurrence of the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari), and to evaluate the population fluctuation of the pest in the Brazilian Cerrado (Federal District). The study was conducted, between November 2014 and October 2015, at Embrapa Cerrados (Planaltina/DF, Brazil) in an irrigated conilon coffee production area. In November 2014, 120 samples (ten berries/sample) were collected from berries that had fallen on the ground from the previous harvest. Between November 2014 and October 2015, insects were collected weekly, using traps (polyethylene terephthalate bottles) baited with ethyl alcohol (98 GL), ethyl alcohol (98 GL) with coffee powder, or molasses...
June 14, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605071/cold-isostatic-pressured-silver-nanowire-electrodes-for-flexible-organic-solar-cells-via-room-temperature-processes
#7
Ji Hoon Seo, Inchan Hwang, Han-Don Um, Sojeong Lee, Kangmin Lee, Jeonghwan Park, Hyeonoh Shin, Tae-Hyuk Kwon, Seok Ju Kang, Kwanyong Seo
Transparent conducting electrodes (TCEs) are considered to be an essential structural component of flexible organic solar cells (FOSCs). Silver nanowire (AgNW) electrodes are widely used as TCEs owing to their excellent electrical and optical properties. The fabrication of AgNW electrodes has faced challenges in terms of forming large uniform interconnected networks so that high conductivity and reproducibility can be achieved. In this study, a simple method for creating an intimate contact between AgNWs that uses cold isostatic pressing (CIP) is demonstrated...
June 12, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600488/flexible-indium-tin-oxide-crystal-on-plastic-substrates-supported-by-graphene-monolayer
#8
Sang Jin Lee, Yekyung Kim, Jun-Yeon Hwang, Ju-Ho Lee, Seungon Jung, Hyesung Park, Seungmin Cho, Sahn Nahm, Woo Seok Yang, Hyeongkeun Kim, Seung Ho Han
Flexible and crystallized indium-tin oxide (ITO) thin films were successfully obtained on plastic polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films with monolayered graphene as a platform. The highly crystalline ITO (c-ITO) was first fabricated on a rigid substrate of graphene on copper foil and it was subsequently transferred onto a PET substrate by a well-established technique. Despite the plasma damage during ITO deposition, the graphene layer effectively acted as a Cu-diffusion barrier. The c-ITO/graphene/PET electrode with the 60-nm-thick ITO exhibited a reasonable sheet resistance of ~45 Ω sq(-1) and a transmittance of ~92% at a wavelength of 550 nm...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599097/in-plane-uniaxial-strain-in-black-phosphorus-enables-the-identification-of-crystalline-orientation
#9
Shuqing Zhang, Nannan Mao, Juanxia Wu, Lianming Tong, Jin Zhang, Zhirong Liu
Identification of the crystalline axis of anisotropic black phosphorus (BP) is important for investigating its physical properties, as well as for optical and electronic applications. Herein, it is showed that by applying in-plane uniaxial strain and measuring the changes of the Raman shifts, the crystalline axis of BP can be reliably determined. The strain effects on the Raman shifts are angle-dependent, and they can be expressed as a combination of the Raman responses under zigzag and armchair strain. Differing from previous polarized optical spectroscopic methods where the Raman intensity is analyzed, the proposed method uses the Raman frequency shift, which is less affected by laser polarization, excitation wavelength, the sample thickness, and the substrate...
June 9, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578220/development-of-disposable-membrane-hydrophones-for-a-frequency-range-from-1mhz-to-10mhz
#10
Jae-Wan Lee, Won-Suk Ohm, Yong-Tae Kim
A method for fabricating disposable membrane hydrophones is presented. The disposable hydrophones are intended for onetime use in such damaging environments as chemically contaminating fluids and high-amplitude (peak amplitude ∼100MPa) shock wave fields, where the use of commercial membrane hydrophones is not recommended. Fabrication of a hydrophone is done using only off-the-shelf components and hand tools, which translates into ease of fabrication and orders-of-magnitude reduction in unit cost. In particular, poling and sputtering, the two processes that are chiefly responsible for the cost and difficulty associated with the conventional fabrication method, are replaced with the use of pre-poled polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) films and polyethylene terephthalate (PET)-coated aluminum foils, respectively...
May 25, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557788/stability-of-extemporaneously-prepared-hydroxychloroquine-sulfate-25-mg-ml-suspensions-in-plastic-bottles-and-syringes
#11
Adam R McHenry, Michael F Wempe, Peter J Rice
This study evaluated the stability of the antimalarial and anti-rheumatic drug hydroxychloroquine sulfate in two commercially available suspension vehicles, Oral Mix and Oral Mix SF (Medisca Pharmaceutique Inc.). Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (25 mg/mL) suspension was prepared, packaged in amber 50-mL polyethylene terephthalate bottles and amber 3-mL syringes, and stored at room temperature or at 4°C. Samples were collected and analyzed over a 16-week period by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection at 340 nm...
May 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540957/a-skin-integrated-transparent-and-stretchable-strain-sensor-with-interactive-color-changing-electrochromic-displays
#12
Heun Park, Dong Sik Kim, Soo Yeong Hong, Chulmin Kim, Jun Yeong Yun, Seung Yun Oh, Sang Woo Jin, Yu Ra Jeong, Gyu Tae Kim, Jeong Sook Ha
In this study, we report on the development of a stretchable, transparent, and skin-attachable strain sensor integrated with a flexible electrochromic device as a human skin-inspired interactive color-changing system. The strain sensor consists of a spin-coated conductive nanocomposite film of poly(vinyl alcohol)/multi-walled carbon nanotube/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) on a polydimethylsiloxane substrate. The sensor exhibits excellent performance of high sensitivity, high durability, fast response, and high transparency...
June 8, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532077/preparation-of-robust-braid-reinforced-poly-vinyl-chloride-ultrafiltration-hollow-fiber-membrane-with-antifouling-surface-and-application-to-filtration-of-activated-sludge-solution
#13
Zhuang Zhou, Saeid Rajabzadeh, Lifeng Fang, Taro Miyoshi, Yuriko Kakihana, Hideto Matsuyama
Braid-reinforced hollow fiber membranes with high mechanical properties and considerable antifouling surface were prepared by blending poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) with poly(vinyl chloride-co-poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate) (poly(VC-co-PEGMA)) copolymer via non-solvent induced phase separation (NIPS). The tensile strength of the braid-reinforced PVC hollow fiber membranes were significantly larger than those of previously reported various types of PVC hollow fiber membranes. The high interfacial bonding strength indicated the good compatibility between the coating materials and the surface of polyethylene terephthalate (PET)-braid...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532071/in-vitro-antibacterial-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-plasma-modified-polyethylene-terephthalate-nonwoven-dressing-with-aqueous-extract-of-rhizome-atractylodes-macrocephala
#14
Yi-Ting Shu, Kuo-Ting Kao, Ching-Sung Weng
In this study, a natural and non-cytotoxic antibacterial dressing containing aqueous extract of Rhizome Atractylodes macrocephala (RAM), which has been widely used in traditional herbal medicine and documented with antibacterial activities in literatures, was developed by aid of the extraction technique, nonwoven substrates and plasma-induced grafting technology. The effectiveness of these herbal antibacterial dressings with different treatment were investigated through the assays of grafting yield, SEM, FTIR, antibacterial activities and cytotoxicity...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530131/a-novel-combination-of-a-polycaprolactone-fumarate-pclf-scaffold-with-polyethylene-terephthalate-pet-sutures-for-intra-articular-ligament-regeneration
#15
Joshua Parry, Eric R Wagner, Peter Kok, Mahrokh Dadsetan, Michael J Yaszemski, Andre J van Wijnen, Sanjeev Kakar
Intra-articular ligamentous injuries are typically unrepairable and have limited outcomes after graft reconstruction. A combination of porous polycaprolactone fumarate (PCLF) scaffolds with polyethylene terephthalate (PET) sutures was developed with the goal of regenerating intra-articular ligaments. Scaffolds were fabricated by injecting PCLF over 3D-printed molds containing two strands of PET suture down its central pore followed by crosslinking. Scaffolds were seeded with human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from adipose tissue...
May 20, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516178/a-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-zinc-oxide-nanofiber-based-flexible-chemiresistive-biosensor-for-malaria-biomarker-detection
#16
Brince Paul K, Asisa Kumar Panigrahi, Vikrant Singh, Shiv Govind Singh
We report the fabrication of a flexible, lightweight and disposable multi walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)-zinc oxide (ZnO) nanofiber based chemiresistive biosensor for label free detection of the malaria biomarker, histidine rich protein II (HRP2). The sensing platform is formed by depositing nanofibers in between the source and drain electrodes patterned on a thin, flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrate. MWCNT-ZnO nanofibers are synthesized via the electrospinning technique followed by a calcination process...
May 18, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514840/plastics-in-the-north-atlantic-garbage-patch-a-boat-microbe-for-hitchhikers-and-plastic-degraders
#17
Didier Debroas, Anne Mone, Alexandra Ter Halle
Plastic is a broad name given to different polymers with high molecular weight that impact wildlife. Their fragmentation leads to a continuum of debris sizes (meso to microplastics) entrapped in gyres and colonized by microorganisms. In the present work, the structure of eukaryotes, bacteria and Archaea was studied by a metabarcoding approach, and statistical analysis associated with network building was used to define a core microbiome at the plastic surface. Most of the bacteria significantly associated with the plastic waste originated from non-marine ecosystems, and numerous species can be considered as hitchhikers, whereas others act as keystone species (e...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501149/novel-cellulose-based-halochromic-test-strips-for-naked-eye-detection-of-alkaline-vapors-and-analytes
#18
Hussein Abou-Yousef, Tawfik A Khattab, Yehia A Youssef, Naser Al-Balakocy, Samir Kamel
A simple, portable and highly sensitive naked-eye test strip is successfully prepared for optical detection of gaseous and aqueous alkaline analytes. Novel pH-sensory tricyanofuran-hydrazone (TCFH) disperse colorant containing a hydrazone recognition functional moiety is successfully synthesized via azo-coupling reaction between active methyl-containing tricyanofuran (TCF) heterocycle and diazonium salt of 4-aminobenzaldehyde followed by Knoevenagel condensation with malononitrile. UV-vis absorption spectra display solvatochromism and reversible color changes of the TCFH solution in dimethyl sulfoxide in response to pH variations...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493666/flexible-transparent-supercapacitors-based-on-hierarchical-nanocomposite-films
#19
Fanhong Chen, Pengbo Wan, Haijun Xu, Xiaoming Sun
Flexible transparent electronic devices have recently gained immense popularity in smart wearable electronics and touch screen devices, which accelerates the development of the portable power sources with reliable flexibility, robust transparency and integration to couple these electronic devices. For potentially coupled as energy storage modules in various flexible, transparent and portable electronics, the flexible transparent supercapacitors are developed and assembled from hierarchical nanocomposite films of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and aligned polyaniline (PANI) nanoarrays upon their synergistic advantages...
May 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488775/effects-of-sorbic-acid-chitosan-microcapsules-as-antimicrobial-agent-on-the-properties-of-ethylene-vinyl-alcohol-copolymer-film-for-food-packaging
#20
Shuaifeng Hu, Jie Yu, Zhe Wang, Li Li, Yunfei Du, Liping Wang, Yuan Liu
This paper discusses the possibility of using sorbic acid-chitosan microcapsules (S-MPs) as an antibacterial component of active ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) film. S-MPs with a diameter of approximately 1 to 4 μm showed a sorbic acid loading capacity of 46.5%. Addition of S-MPs (3%, w/w) increased the tensile strength, haze, oxygen, and water vapor barrier properties, as well as reduced the elongations at break and transmittance of S-MPs-EVOH (S-MP-EVOH) film. Antibacterial tests showed that the inhibitory capacity of S-MP-EVOH film against Salmonella Enteritidis and Escherichia coli was higher than that against Listeria monocytogenes...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science
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