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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820423/-risk-factors-and-special-aspects-forgenital-tuberculosis-diagnostics
#1
G Lortkipanidze, N Kintraia, K Vacharadze, F Tsaava
Was examined 453 women, who applied to National Center for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases for genital tuberculosis diagnostics. GTB was detected in 289 cases, in 164 cases GTB results was negative (control group). In 10 cases GTB was combined with pulmonary tuberculosis (OR-1,13). Risk factors are previous diseases of female reproductive organs- intracellular infection (OR-1,08), sexually transmitted diseases (OR-1,25), nonspecific inflammatory diseases (OR-1,009), interruption of pregnancy (OR-1,26), artificial abortions (OR-1,11), the most specific signs of Genital Tuberculosis is a pain in the stomach area (P-0,023), dysmenorrhoea (P-0,00001), intestinal obstruction (P-0,0006), heat (P-0,00001), liquid presence in posterior vault (P-0,007), hydrosalpinx (P-0,00001), Fallopian tubes deformation (P-0,000003), oophoritic cyst (P-0,067), adhesive process in small pelvis (P-0,0006)...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795891/experience-using-closed-incision-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-sternotomy-patients
#2
B Philip, P McCluskey, J Hinchion
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative delayed wound healing, surgical site infections (SSIs), and other wound complications are associated with increased morbidity and health-care costs. In cardiothoracic surgery, wound complications can have life-threatening consequences. In recent years, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been applied over closed surgical incisions to help reduce tension and protect from external contamination. We report our initial experiences using a closed incision negative pressure therapy (ciNPT) over clean, closed sternotomy incisions at an Irish tertiary referral centre...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761473/multiple-complications-by-hydatid-cyst-induced-budd-chiary-syndrome-a-case-report
#3
Feidoun Sabzi, Reza Faraji
A case of the Budd Chiary Syndrome (BCS) in a 43-yr-old man with hydatid cyst (HC) in the liver is reported from Imam Ali Hospital, Kermanshah, western Iran in 2016. This case was complicated by inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis, right atrial clot and pulmonary emboli. Compression of IVC was the likely mechanism. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a huge HC located in segments near IVC and caused compression of IVC. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed IVC and right atrium thrombosis, however pulmonary emboli was not documented in TTE but intra operative exploration showed multiple clot in main and left pulmonary artery branch...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758345/does-the-computed-tomographic-appearance-of-the-lung-differ-between-young-and-old-dogs
#4
Natasha L Hornby, Christopher R Lamb
In computed tomographic (CT) images of humans, decreased lung attenuation, bronchial dilation, and/or thickening, air trapping, cysts, and thickened interlobular septa have been associated with increasing age. To determine if there are differences in the CT appearance of the lungs of young and old dogs that could affect interpretation of diagnostic studies, pulmonary CT images of dogs with conditions unrelated to the thorax were reviewed retrospectively in a case-control study. Computed tomography studies of 42 young dogs (range 0...
July 30, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754885/computed-tomography-ct-findings-of-pulmonary-hydatid-cysts-in-children-and-the-factors-related-to-cyst-rupture
#5
Cihan Akgul Ozmen, Serdar Onat
BACKGROUND The lungs are the most common site of hydatid cysts in children. Rupture is the main complication of cysts causing morbidity and mortality. In this study we aimed to comprehensively describe the CT signs for cysts and analyze the relationship of cyst ruptures to the diameter and location of cyst. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 145 cysts from 102 patients, aged 17 years or younger, who underwent a multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) evaluation and had surgically proven pulmonary hydatid disease were included retrospectively...
July 29, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754097/lymphangioleiomyomatosis-multifocal-micronodular-pneumocyte-hyperplasia-and-sarcoidosis-more-pathological-findings-in-the-same-chest-ct-or-a-single-pathological-pathway
#6
Fabiano Di Marco, Giuseppina Palumbo, Silvia Terraneo, Gianluca Imeri, Elena Lesma, Nicola Sverzellati, Angela Peron, Lorenzo Gualandri, Maria Paola Canevini, Stefano Centanni
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune hepatitis/primary biliary cirrhosis overlap syndrome, lymphangioleiomyomatosis/tuberous sclerosis complex (LAM-TSC), and sarcoidosis are three rare diseases. Here we present, to the best of our knowledge, the first description of a patient with the coexistence of these three diseases. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old woman affected by LAM-TSC and primary biliary cirrosis/autoimmune hepatitis overlap syndrome. During her follow up a high resolution chest CT scan (HRTC) confirmed the presence of both multiple cysts and micronodular opacities consistent with multifocal micronodular pneumocytes hyperlasia (MMPH), and revealed multiple hilar-mediastinal symmetrical lymphadenopathies suggestive of sarcoidosis...
July 28, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730376/lower-urinary-tract-obstruction-fetal-intervention-based-on-prenatal-staging
#7
Rodrigo Ruano, Timothy Dunn, Michael C Braun, Joseph R Angelo, Adnan Safdar
The authors present an overview of lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) in the fetus with a particular focus on the insult to the developing renal system. Diagnostic criteria along with the challenges in estimating long-term prognosis are reviewed. A proposed prenatal LUTO disease severity classification to guide management decisions with fetal intervention to maintain or salvage in utero and neonatal pulmonary and renal function is also discussed. Stage I LUTO (mild form) is characterized by normal amniotic fluid index after 18 weeks, normal kidney echogenicity, no renal cortical cysts, no evidence of renal dysplasia, and favorable urinary biochemistries when sampled between 18 and 30 weeks; prenatal surveillance is recommended...
July 21, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725312/two-cases-of-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-with-intraperitoneal-free-air
#8
Kensuke Wada, Nobuhiro Takeuchi, Masakazu Emori, Masanori Takada, Yusuke Nomura, Akihito Otsuka
Intraperitoneal free air (IFA) is sometimes accompanied by pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI); therefore, proper diagnosis is essential for PCI management. We report two cases of PCI with IFA. A 70-year-old female taking anti-psychotic medication for schizophrenia presented with repeated vomiting and high-grade fever. Computed tomography revealed small, linear gaseous cysts in the intestinal wall along with IFA. Although there was no sign of peritoneal irritation, intestinal perforation was not excluded...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698430/-extralobar-sequestration-difficult-to-establish-preoperative-diagnosis-report-of-a-case
#9
Michiru Sato, Satoshi Shiono, Katsuyuki Suzuki, Kei Yarimizu, Kazuki Hayasaka, Makoto Endo, Naoki Yanagawa
Pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital pulmonary anomaly. Here we report a case of extralobar sequestration with calcification. A 34-year-old man was admitted to our department because of a tumor shadow on the chest radiological examination. Computed tomography examination revealed a mass measuring 5 cm above the left diaphragm. The mass contained cysts and calcification. Aberrant vessels were not detected. Teratoma, hamartoma or solitary fibrous tumor were suspected and the surgical treatment was performed...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695838/ruptured-pulmonary-cystic-echinococcosis-mimicking-tuberculosis-in-childhood-a-case-report
#10
Elif Ünver Korğalı, Meriç Kaymak Cihan, Özgür Ceylan, Melih Kaptanoğlu
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease; in places such as Turkey where livestock is common, it is an endemic health concern. The most commonly involved organ is the lungs in children. Pulmonary cysts can be asymptomatic; in some cases, they may rupture and become symptomatic. Ruptured lung hydatid cysts may often be confused with tuberculosis (Tbc) radiologically and clinically. . In this report, we present an 8-year-old female patient admitted with cough, fever, and sputum persisting since 2 weeks; her chest radiography and computed tomography (CT) findings initially indicated Tbc, but the follow-up surgery led to a diagnosis of ruptured lung CE...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690992/diabetes-mellitus-due-to-agenesis-of-the-dorsal-pancreas-in-a-patient-with-heterotaxy-syndrome
#11
Jo Eun Jung, Jin Ho Hur, Mo Kyung Jung, Ahreum Kwon, Hyun Wook Chae, Duk Hee Kim, Ho-Seong Kim
Heterotaxy syndrome (HS) is a congenital disorder resulting from an abnormal arrangement of visceral organs across the normal left-right axis in the embryonic period. HS is usually associated with multiple anomalies, including defects of the major cardiovascular system and the extracardiovascular system such as intestinal malrotation, abnormal lung lobulation, bronchus anomalies, and pancreatic dysplasia. Although pancreatic dysplasia is occasionally accompanied with HS, the occurrence of diabetes mellitus (DM) due to pancreatic dysplasia in HS is rarely reported...
June 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690286/a-case-of-recurrent-pneumothorax-associated-with-birt-hogg-dub%C3%A3-syndrome-treated-with-bilateral-simultaneous-surgery-and-total-pleural-covering
#12
Kyoshiro Takegahara, Naoyuki Yoshino, Jitsuo Usuda
Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by a triad of skin tumors, renal tumors, and multiple pulmonary cysts. Our patient was a 40-year-old man with a history of recurrent bilateral pneumothorax and a family history of pneumothorax. The patient visited our department with chest pain and was diagnosed with left pneumothorax based on a chest X-ray. Thoracic computed tomography (CT) showed multiple cysts in both lungs. We performed thoracoscopic bilateral bullectomy with curative intent...
July 10, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683785/mesenteric-cysts-and-mesenteric-venous-thrombosis-leading-to-intestinal-necrosis-in-pregnancy-managed-with-laparotomy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Aris Giannos, Sofoklis Stavrou, Nikolaos Goumalatsos, George Fragkoulidis, Eleni Chra, Dimitrios Argiropoulos, Dimitrios Loutradis, Peter Drakakis
BACKGROUND: Mesenteric cyst is a rare clinical entity especially in pregnancy; therefore, few cases have been reported in the literature. The standard method of their treatment is surgical excision either with laparotomy or laparoscopy. In addition, mesenteric vein thrombosis is a rare and life-threatening condition in pregnancy and needs immediate treatment because it can lead to intestinal necrotic ischemia. This is the first report of the coexistence of mesenteric cysts and mesenteric vein thrombosis during gestation...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649308/association-between-spirometry-controlled-chest-ct-scores-using-computer-animated-biofeedback-and-clinical-markers-of-lung-disease-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#14
Thomas Kongstad, Kent Green, Frederik Buchvald, Marianne Skov, Tania Pressler, Kim Gjerum Nielsen
Background: Computed tomography (CT) of the lungs is the gold standard for assessing the extent of structural changes in the lungs. Spirometry-controlled chest CT (SCCCT) has improved the usefulness of CT by standardising inspiratory and expiratory lung volumes during imaging. This was a single-centre cross-sectional study in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Using SCCCT we wished to investigate the association between the quantity and extent of structural lung changes and pulmonary function outcomes, and prevalence of known CF lung pathogens...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642639/foregut-duplication-cysts-in-children
#15
Keshawadhana Balakrishnan, Frances Fonacier, Shilpa Sood, Natasha Bamji, Howard Bostwick, Gustavo Stringel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Duplications of the alimentary tract are rare anomalies. We report our experience with foregut duplication cysts including their clinical presentation, diagnostic modalities, and surgical management. METHODS: We report a 20-year retrospective review of all foregut duplication cysts managed at our institution. RESULTS: Twelve patients with 13 foregut duplication cysts were identified. The ages of the children at the time of surgery ranged from infancy to adolescence, with a mean age of 7...
April 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633786/metastatic-pulmonary-adenocarcinoma-of-the-talus-a-case-report
#16
Kaifeng Gan, Yandong Shen
Tumors rarely metastasize to the foot bones; however, a misdiagnosis can lead to a poor outcome. These metastatic tumors can cause foot pain and other symptoms in patients who are asymptomatic for the primary tumor. To accurately diagnose acrometastases, the attending physician must have a high index of suspicion and conduct a thorough examination and appropriate diagnostic testing. We present a rare case of metastatic pulmonary adenocarcinoma of the talus, which was initially misdiagnosed as a benign bone cyst...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626109/-secondary-infection-of-traumatic-pulmonary-cyst-misdiagnosed-as-cholesterol-encapsulated-pleural-effusion-a-rare-case-and-review-of-literature
#17
Qianhui Zhou, Jieling Fan, Hong Peng, Ping Chen
Pulmonary cyst is a relatively common benign lesion. It is easy to be misdiagnosed when the cyst complicated with infection. This paper reported a case of a giant traumatic pulmonary cyst (diameter 10 cm) combined with chronic infection. Firstly, the patient was diagnosed as cholesterol pleurisy after undergoing thoracoscopic biopsy. With repeated pleural effusion, the patient was scheduled for right anterolateral thoracotomy, which showed a thin-walled cyst (10 cm in diameter) attached to parietal and diaphragm, with the stem of cavity originated from the right lower lobe after the cyst cavity was dissociated...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600060/complete-resolution-of-hydrops-by-placement-of-double-basket-catheter-in-a-case-of-macrocystic-type-multilocular-pulmonary-sequestration
#18
Wan-Ju Wu, Jin-Chung Shih, Haruhiko Sago, Ming Chen
OBJECTIVE: We presented a fetus affected by macrocystic lung lesions with progressive hydropic changes during the second trimester, but experienced remarkable resolution of hydrops in the third trimester after a series of in utero interventions. CASE REPORT: A 19-year-old women, G1P0, presented with fetal multilocular thoracic mass and hydropic change at 23(+4) weeks of gestation. After non-directive genetic counseling, she opted for intrauterine cyst aspiration followed by intra-cystic OK-432 injection at 24 weeks of pregnancy, as well as sequential thoracoamniotic shunts at 26 weeks and 27(+3) weeks of pregnancy when we observed hydrops developed progressively...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597682/a-bronchobiliary-fistula-due-to-giant-hydatid-cyst
#19
Marcello Di Martino, Claudio Laganá, Jesús Delgado Valdueza, Elena Martín-Pérez
Intrathoracic rupture of hydatid cyst of the liver is a rare but severe complication of echinococcal disease. It represent a serious condition responsible for lesions at 3 levels: hepatic, diaphragmatic, and pulmonary. Early diagnosis and management of septic associated complications are essential. We present the case of a 55 year old female patient with a giant hydatid cyst type CE 2 based on WHO Classification, communicating with the biliary tree and with a massive extension to the right hemithorax.
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592052/-the-457th-case-polyarthralgia-back-pain-and-subcutaneous-masses
#20
M Li, D Wu, W J Zheng, M T Li, X F Zeng
A 54-year-old man was admitted to the Department of Rheumatology in Peking Union Medical College Hospital due to polyarthritis, back pain and multiple subcutaneous masses. He had symmetrical polyarthritis at onset, which was diagnosed as rheumatoid arthritis. His follow-up and treatment were irregular. Back pain and multiple subcutaneous masses developed 2 year ago. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were elevated. Rheumatoid factor and Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody were positive...
June 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
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