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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783214/-the-formation-of-safe-behavior-among-young-people-in-the-family-conditions
#1
Svitlana O Bondar
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article is dedicated to studying the readiness and ability of parents to form safe behavior of their own children with the aim to avoid school traumatism with respect to the complexity and systematic necessary for principles of prophylaxis. The author pays attention to this very aspect of the problem as for nowadays the works of studying the role of the family, the readiness of parents to form the culture of their own children's health are practically absent...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783049/thermopuncture-for-the-diagnosis-monitoring-and-treatment-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Valery Muzhikov, Elena Vershinina, Ruslan Muzhikov, Kirill Nikitin
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a socially significant disease that affects millions of patients. There were an estimated 366 million people with this disease in 2011, and, according to the forecast, approximately 552 million will be affected by this disease in 2030. It is well known that the primary diagnosis and treatment of a patient with this disease are quite expensive. What should be done to make it possible for a patient to monitor his own state and provide treatment in his own home using telemedicine? To solve this problem, an alternative concept for the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment at the basis of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) combined with mathematical methods of data processing has been used...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782943/effects-of-d-amphetamine-on-risk-choice-in-rats-depend-on-the-manner-in-which-the-expected-reward-value-is-varied
#3
Jen-Hau Yang, Chung-Ping Cheng, Ruey-Ming Liao
Decision making related to risks and rewards has been studied in the rodent by using several behavioral tests including the use of probability discounting tasks. However, it still remains unclear how long-term values and the different levels of risk are involved in decisions with reward uncertainty. In this study, we used a T-maze choice task to investigate the role of expected reward values in decision making under risk in the rat. The task was specifically set up to run with the expected value (EV) being equal to 1 between binary choice options (small-and-certain vs...
May 18, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782661/comparable-outcomes-in-intestinal-retransplantation-single-center-cohort-study
#4
Burcin Ekser, Chandrashekhar A Kubal, Jonathan A Fridell, Richard S Mangus
BACKGROUND: Graft loss in intestinal transplantation (ITx) is close to 25% in the first year and 50% at 5-year post-transplantation. Although technically and immunologically challenging, intestinal retransplantation is now the 4th most common indication for ITx. METHODS: The aim of this study is to review and compare the outcomes of intestinal retransplantation with primary ITx, which included isolated ITx, modified multivisceral transplantation (mMVTx), and full MVTx, between 2003-2014 at Indiana University...
May 21, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782429/early-results-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-with-loop-bipartition
#5
Ergin Arslan, Mesut Sipahi, Oktay Banli
PURPOSE: We evaluated early results of this new procedure of transit loop bipartition with sleeve gastrectomy (TLB-SG), making a comparison with transit bipartition with sleeve gastrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2017 and September 2017, 22 patients have undergone transit bipartition with sleeve gastrectomy or TLB-SG surgery in our clinic. Patients' body mass index, excess body mass index loss, and HOMA-IR were calculated before and after the surgical operation...
May 18, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#6
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782079/the-dipep-diagnosis-of-pe-in-pregnancy-study-an-observational-study-of-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-clinical-assessment-d-dimer-and-chest-x-ray-for-suspected-pulmonary-embolism-in-pregnancy-and-postpartum
#7
Steve Goodacre, Kimberley Horspool, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Marian Knight, Neil Shephard, Fiona Lecky, Steven Thomas, Beverley J Hunt, Gordon Fuller
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical features associated with PE diagnosis and determine the accuracy of decision rules and D-dimer for diagnosing suspected PE in pregnant/postpartum women. DESIGN: Observational cohort study augmented with additional cases. SETTING: Emergency departments and maternity units at eleven prospectively recruiting sites and maternity units in the United Kingdom Obstetric Surveillance System (UKOSS). POPULATION: 324 pregnant/postpartum women with suspected PE and 198 pregnant/postpartum women with diagnosed PE...
May 21, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781987/retrospective-microrna-sequencing-complementary-dna-library-preparation-protocol-using-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-rna-specimens
#8
Olivier Loudig, Christina Liu, Thomas Rohan, Iddo Z Ben-Dov
-Archived, clinically classified formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues can provide nucleic acids for retrospective molecular studies of cancer development. By using non-invasive or pre-malignant lesions from patients who later develop invasive disease, gene expression analyses may help identify early molecular alterations that predispose to cancer risk. It has been well described that nucleic acids recovered from FFPE tissues have undergone severe physical damage and chemical modifications, which make their analysis difficult and generally requires adapted assays...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781661/suicide-risk-assessment-trust-an-implicit-probe-or-listen-to-the-patient
#9
Dominique P Harrison, Werner G K Stritzke, Nicolas Fay, Abdul-Rahman Hudaib
Previous research suggests implicit cognition can predict suicidal behavior. This study examined the utility of the death/suicide implicit association test (d/s-IAT) in acute and prospective assessment of suicide risk and protective factors, relative to clinician and patient estimates of future suicide risk. Patients (N = 128; 79 female; 111 Caucasian) presenting to an emergency department were recruited if they reported current suicidal ideation or had been admitted because of an acute suicide attempt. Patients completed the d/s-IAT and self-report measures assessing three death-promoting (e...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781650/randomized-controlled-trial-of-secondstory-an-intervention-targeting-posttraumatic-growth-with-bereaved-adults
#10
Ann Marie Roepke, Eli Tsukayama, Marie Forgeard, Laura Blackie, Eranda Jayawickreme
OBJECTIVE: People often report positive psychological changes after adversity, a phenomenon known as posttraumatic growth (PTG). Few PTG-focused interventions have been rigorously tested, and measurement strategies have had significant limitations. This study evaluated the effects of a new group-format psychosocial intervention, SecondStory, aimed at facilitating PTG by helping participants make meaning of the past and plan a purposeful future. METHOD: In a randomized controlled trial, adults (N = 112, 64% women) bereaved within 5 years were randomly assigned to SecondStory or an active control, expressive writing...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781623/the-response-of-a-permanently-charged-polyelectrolyte-brush-to-external-ions-the-aspects-of-structure-and-dynamics
#11
Bintao Zhao, Guangcui Yuan, Xiao Chu, Jingfa Yang, Jiang Zhao
Structure and dynamics inside permanently charged polyelectrolyte brushes, sodium polystyrene sulfonate brushes (NaPSS), during their response to the introduction of external ions (NaCl) are investigated by neutron reflectivity and dielectric spectroscopy. Neutron reflectivity measurements show that the segmental density of the inner part of the brushes decreases and that of the outer part increases when the salt level is tuned from the salt-free condition to a moderate level (<10-2 M) - the brushes swell further compared with the salt-free condition...
May 21, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781512/natural-history-of-rathke-s-cleft-cysts-a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-two-centers-experience
#12
Elisa Sala, Justin M Moore, Alvaro Amorin, Giulia Carosi, Hector Martinez, Griffith R Harsh, Maura Arosio, Giovanna Mantovani, Laurence Katznelson
OBJECTIVE: Rathke's Cleft Cyst (RCC) is a common sellar lesion which may cause visual impairment, hypopituitarism, and headaches from mass effect. The natural history of these lesions is currently unclear. We investigated the natural history of RCCs and compared surgically treated patients with those treated conservatively. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients diagnosed with a RCC between 1996 and 2016 at Stanford University and Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico di Milano...
May 21, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781350/on-line-ethics-education-for-occupational-therapy-clinician-educators-a-single-group-pre-post-test-study
#13
Sandra VanderKaay, Lori Letts, Bonny Jung, Sandra E Moll
PURPOSE: Ethics education is a critical component of training rehabilitation practitioners. There is a need for capacity-building among ethics educators regarding facilitating ethical decision-making among students. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of an on-line ethics education module for occupational therapy clinician-educators (problem-based learning tutors/clinical placement preceptors/evidence-based practice facilitators). METHOD: The Knowledge-to-Action Process informed development and evaluation of the module...
May 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780977/modeling-interdependent-and-periodic-real-world-action-sequences
#14
Takeshi Kurashima, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications, including those that track activities such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. Accurately predicting human actions in the real world is essential for targeted recommendations that could improve our health and for personalization of these applications. However, making such predictions is extremely difficult due to the complexities of human behavior, which consists of a large number of potential actions that vary over time, depend on each other, and are periodic...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780559/spatially-resolved-acyl-transfer-on-surface-by-organo-catalytic-scanning-probe-nanolithography-o-cspl
#15
Julien Botton, Katharina Gratzer, Cyril François, Vincent Mesquita, Lionel Patrone, Teodor S Balaban, Sylvain Clair, Jean-Luc Parrain, Olivier Chuzel
Groundbreaking research done in the area of nanolithography makes it a versatile tool to produce nanopatterns for a broad range of chemical surface functionalization or physical modifications. We report for the first time an organocatalytic scanning probe nanolithography (o-cSPL) approach. Covalent binding of an organocatalyst on the apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM) tip gives way to a system that allows the formation of locally defined acylated-alcohol patterns on self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). With resolutions comparable to those of other cSPL methods, this first example of o-cSPL holds promise for future applications of bottom-up nanolithography set-ups employing this novel technique...
May 14, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779954/construction-of-fluorescent-analogs-to-follow-the-uptake-and-distribution-of-cobalamin-vitamin-b-12-in-bacteria-worms-and-plants
#16
Andrew D Lawrence, Emi Nemoto-Smith, Evelyne Deery, Joseph A Baker, Susanne Schroeder, David G Brown, Jennifer M A Tullet, Mark J Howard, Ian R Brown, Alison G Smith, Helena I Boshoff, Clifton E Barry, Martin J Warren
Vitamin B12 is made by only certain prokaryotes yet is required by a number of eukaryotes such as mammals, fish, birds, worms, and Protista, including algae. There is still much to learn about how this nutrient is trafficked across the domains of life. Herein, we describe ways to make a number of different corrin analogs with fluorescent groups attached to the main tetrapyrrole-derived ring. A further range of analogs were also constructed by attaching similar fluorescent groups to the ribose ring of cobalamin, thereby generating a range of complete and incomplete corrinoids to follow uptake in bacteria, worms, and plants...
April 28, 2018: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779780/on-sunspots-click-science-and-molecular-iconography
#17
Igor Mokrousov
CRISPR-spoligotyping and MIRU-VNTR typing, SITVIT_WEB and MIRU-VNTRplus are the methods and online resources most widely used for Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotype family assignment and clustering analysis. They have been proven invaluable for molecular epidemiological studies of this important human pathogen in setting up the terminology and classification framework. However, they are inherently limited by insufficient knowledge of evolution of the targeted genome loci (especially, CRISPR). The situation is aggravated by the dogmatic, iconographic perception of these increasingly user-friendly online tools...
May 2018: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779388/-the-role-of-ultrasonography-in-the-investigation-of-male-infertility
#18
Zsuzsanna Fejes, Norbert Pásztor, Lilla Karczagi, Ádám Brzózka, István Király, Zita Morvay, András Palkó
Unintended childlessness affects approximately 9-15% of couples in the reproductive age. It is known that a remarkable proportion of infertility is caused by the disorders of the male reproductive functions. Diagnostic imaging methods and especially ultrasonography play a crucial role in the infertility work-up, the ultrasound examination has become the method of choice for imaging in diseases affecting the testis. With the development of high resolution transducers and technology using colour Doppler, pulsed Doppler, share wave elastography and strain elastography, it is now possible to make accurate diagnoses...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779325/-comparison-of-hemolytic-characteristics-among-paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-and-hereditary-spherocytosis
#19
W W Li, J Shi, Z D Huang, N Nie, Y Q Shao, X X Li, M L Ge, J Zhang, J B Huang, P Jin, M Wang, Y Z Zheng
Objective: To determine the valuable hemolytic characteristics in differential diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and hereditary spherocytosis (HS). Method: The clinical and hemolytic characteristics of 108 PNH patients, 127 AIHA patients and 172 HS patients diagnosed from January 1998 to April 2017 were compared. Results: ①Reticulocyte percentage (Ret%) of PNH patients [6.70% (0.14%-22.82%)] was significantly lower than that of AIHA [14.00%(0.10%-55...
April 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779085/progressive-grey-matter-volume-changes-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-over-6-weeks-of-antipsychotic-treatment-and-their-relationship-to-clinical-improvement
#20
Xiao Zhang, Yuyanan Zhang, Jinmin Liao, Sisi Jiang, Jun Yan, Weihua Yue, Dai Zhang, Hao Yan
Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have identified widespread and progressive grey matter volume (GMV) reductions in schizophrenia, especially in the frontal lobe. In this study, we found a progressive GMV decrease in the rostral medial frontal cortex (rMFC, including the anterior cingulate cortex) in the patient group during a 6-week follow-up of 40 patients with schizophrenia and 31 healthy controls well-matched for age, gender, and education. The higher baseline GMV in the rMFC predicted better improvement in the positive score on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and this might be related to the improved reality-monitoring...
May 19, 2018: Neuroscience Bulletin
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