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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432887/application-of-a-%C3%AE-rs-index-based-method-and-techno-economic-analysis-for-in-situ-treatment-of-137-cs-contaminated-soils-by-cement-barite-based-stabilisation-solidification
#1
Pietro P Falciglia, Stefano Romano, Federico G A Vagliasindi
This paper examines the application of cement (C)-barite (Ba) based-Stabilisation/Solidification (S/S) for the remediation of (137)Cs-contaminated soils, investigating the influence of soil: grout and C: Ba ratios on the shielding performance of the S/S mix assessed as gamma radiation shielding (γRS) index variation. Results from experiments were used to perform a novel approach and an economic analysis in order to calculate the effective dose reduction achievable by S/S and to assess the optimum quantities and costs of selected mixes, respectively...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432797/effects-of-levothyroxine-administration-and-withdrawal-on-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid-axis-in-euthyroid-dogs
#2
V Ziglioli, D L Panciera, G C Troy, W E Monroe, K M Boes, K R Refsal
BACKGROUND: Chronic supplementation can suppress the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis (HPTA) and make it difficult to assess thyroid function after withdrawal of levothyroxine. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the HPTA is suppressed after levothyroxine administration in euthyroid dogs and the time required for resolution of any suppression. ANIMALS: Twenty-eight healthy euthyroid dogs. METHODS: A prospective, randomized study administering levothyroxine to euthyroid dogs for 8 weeks (group 1) or 16 weeks (group 2)...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432650/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-a-2-year-rituximab-maintenance-therapy-in-patients-with-advanced-follicular-lymphoma-after-induction-of-response-with-rituximab-containing-first-line-regimens-husom-study
#3
Tamás Schneider, András Rosta, Hajna Losonczy, Gáspár Radványi, György Ujj, Miklós Egyed, Árpád Illés, János Jakucs, László Szerafin, Zoltán Gasztonyi, Tamás Masszi, János Iványi, Judit Demeter, Péter Dombi, Antal Tóth, Zita Borbényi
Follicular lymphoma is a lymphoid malignancy commonly showing slow progression which makes the treatment of the disease challenging. Rituximab monotherapy and rituximab added to standard chemotherapy has been proven to increase survival among patients with advanced stage of the disease. However, the benefit of a rituximab maintenance therapy after induction was still unclear at the time of the initiation of this study. HUSOM was a phase III open-label, single-arm, multi-centre study aimed to assess the efficacy and the safety of the 12 cycles of rituximab (375 mg/m(2) every 8 weeks) maintenance therapy in patients had already presented partial or complete response to R-CVP or R-CHOP...
April 21, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432560/executive-function-and-life-space-mobility-in-old-age
#4
Taina Poranen-Clark, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Johanna Eronen, Markku Kauppinen, Johan G Eriksson, Taina Rantanen, Anne Viljanen
BACKGROUND: Life-space assessment incorporates all movements in terms of the distance from home, the frequency of movement and the need of assistance for movement. Executive function (EF) is an important higher order cognitive ability that controls and guides people's goal-directed actions. We examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between EF and life-space mobility, and investigated if perceived walking difficulties, lower extremity performance, and transportation difficulties explain the association...
April 21, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432446/biasing-spatial-attention-with-semantic-information-an-event-coding-approach
#5
Tarek Amer, Davood G Gozli, Jay Pratt
We investigated the influence of conceptual processing on visual attention from the standpoint of Theory of Event Coding (TEC). The theory makes two predictions: first, an important factor in determining the influence of event 1 on processing event 2 is whether features of event 1 are bound into a unified representation (i.e., selection or retrieval of event 1). Second, whether processing the two events facilitates or interferes with each other should depend on the extent to which their constituent features overlap...
April 21, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432390/biomass-resources-agriculture
#6
Ingeborg N Kluts, Marnix L J Brinkman, Sierk A de Jong, H Martin Junginger
Bioenergy is the single largest source of renewable energy in the European Union (EU-28); of this, 14% was produced from agricultural feedstocks in 2012. This chapter provides an overview of the current use (for bioenergy) and future potential of agricultural feedstocks for (amongst others) biorefinery purposes in the European Union. The main application of these feedstocks is currently the production of biofuels for road transport. Biodiesel makes up 80% of the European biofuel production, mainly from rapeseed oil, and the remaining part is bioethanol from wheat and sugar beet...
April 22, 2017: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432385/bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-in-coronary-chronic-total-occlusions-revascularization-safety-assessment-related-to-struts-coverage-and-apposition-in-6-month-oct-follow-up
#7
Rosa Alba Abellas-Sequeiros, Raymundo Ocaranza-Sanchez, Ramiro Trillo-Nouche, Carlos Gonzalez-Juanatey, Jose Ramon Gonzalez-Juanatey
Beneficial properties of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) regarding to vasomotility restoration and no caging of the vessel make them attractive devices in chronic total occlusions (CTO) revascularization. However, more evidence is needed attending to their use in this specific setting. We aim to determine feasibility and safety of BVS use in CTO revascularization attending to struts coverage and apposition, as well as re-stenosis and stent thrombosis (ST) rates. 29 BVS were deployed in 9 CTO lesions revascularization (mean J-CTO score ≥3) with an acute procedural success rate of 100%...
April 21, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432384/the-probability-of-object-scene-co-occurrence-influences-object-identification-processes
#8
Geneviève Sauvé, Mariane Harmand, Léa Vanni, Mathieu B Brodeur
Contextual information allows the human brain to make predictions about the identity of objects that might be seen and irregularities between an object and its background slow down perception and identification processes. Bar and colleagues modeled the mechanisms underlying this beneficial effect suggesting that the brain stocks information about the statistical regularities of object and scene co-occurrence. Their model suggests that these recurring regularities could be conceptualized along a continuum in which the probability of seeing an object within a given scene can be high (probable condition), moderate (improbable condition) or null (impossible condition)...
April 21, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432213/tobacco-retail-availability-and-risk-of-relapse-among-smokers-who-make-a-quit-attempt-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Michael O Chaiton, Graham Mecredy, Joanna Cohen
INTRODUCTION: The availability of tobacco is thought to influence smoking behaviour, but there are few longitudinal studies examining if the location and number of tobacco outlets has a prospective impact on smoking cessation. METHODS: The Ontario Tobacco Survey, a population-representative sample of Ontario adult smokers who were followed every 6 months for up to 3 years, was linked with tobacco outlet location data from the Ontario Ministry of Health. Proximity (distance), threshold (at least one outlet within 500 m) and density (number of outlets within 500 m) with respect to a smokers' home were calculated among urban and suburban current smokers (n=2414)...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431977/transcriptome-comparison-reveals-insights-into-muscle-response-to-hypoxia-in-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala
#10
Bo-Xiang Chen, Shao-Kui Yi, Wei-Feng Wang, Yan He, Yan Huang, Ze-Xia Gao, Hong Liu, Wei-Min Wang, Huan-Ling Wang
The economic and biological significance of blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) makes this species important to explore the underlying molecular mechanism of hypoxia response. In the present study, we compared the transcriptional responses to serious hypoxia in skeletal muscle among hypoxia tolerant (MT), sensitive (MS) and control (without hypoxia treatment, MC) M. amblycephala obtained according to the time difference of losing balance after hypoxia treatment. A total of 88,200,889 clean reads were generated and assembled into 44,493 unigenes...
April 18, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431890/which-facilitates-the-evolution-of-cooperation-more-retaliation-or-persistence
#11
Shun Kurokawa
The existence of cooperation in this world is a mysterious phenomenon. One of the mechanisms that explain the evolution of cooperation is repeated interaction. If interactions between the same individuals repeat and individuals cooperate conditionally, cooperation can evolve. A previous study pointed out that if individuals have persistence (i.e., imitate its "own" behavior in the last move), cooperation can evolve. However, retaliation and persistence are not mutually exclusive decisions, but rather a trade-off in the decision making process of individuals...
April 18, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431814/evaluation-of-storing-hepatitis-b-vaccine-outside-the-cold-chain-in-the-solomon-islands-identifying-opportunities-and-barriers-to-implementation
#12
Lucy Breakwell, Jenniffer Anga, Ibrahim Dadari, Nahad Sadr-Azodi, Divinal Ogaoga, Minal Patel
Monovalent Hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) is heat stable, making it suitable for storage outside cold chain (OCC) at 37°C for 1month. We conducted an OCC project in the Solomon Islands to determine the feasibility of and barriers to national implementation and to evaluate impact on coverage. Healthcare workers at 13 facilities maintained monovalent HepB birth dose (HepB-BD) OCC for up to 28days over 7months. Vaccination data were recorded for children born during the project and those born during 7months before the project...
April 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#13
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431439/-quality-of-and-attendance-at-healthy-child-clinics-in%C3%A2-germany
#14
Alexandra Weithase, Mandy Vogel, Henriette Kiep, Sarah Schwarz, Laura Meißner, Janine Herrmann, Kristin Rieger, Christiane Koch, Volker Schuster, Wieland Kiess
Background For several years the German healthy child clinics program has been a highly appreciated preventive measure and is subject to constant development. However, attendance depends on the families' sociodemographic situation. Findings are documented in a medical checkup booklet (the so-called Gelbes Heft). Currently, there is no procedure to use the data collected for epidemiological purposes nor to evaluate the pediatric prevention measures in Germany. Methods Between 2011 and 2016, we recruited 3480 study participants for our population-based cohort study LIFE Child in Leipzig...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431298/bioluminescence-emissions-of-female-fireflies-of-the-species-luciola-praeusta
#15
Mana Mohan Rabha, Upamanyu Sharma, Angana Goswami, Anurup Gohain Barua
Numerous investigations have been carried out on bioluminescence emissions from male fireflies. However, very few observations have been made on the emitted light from female specimens. Even in those, apart from observing responses from females to courtship flashes from conspecific males, detailed studies have not been performed. Here we present a first report on the light of female fireflies of the Indian species Luciola praeusta Kiesenwetter 1874 (Coleoptera:Lampyridae:Luciolinae). In the steady-state emission spectrum over the temperature range of 20-40°C, the peak wavelength is the same as, while the full width at half maximum is larger than, that of a male specimen of this species...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430964/metalims-a-simple-open-source-laboratory-information-management-system-for-small-metagenomic-labs
#16
Cassie Elizabeth Heinle, Nicolas Paul Eugène Gaultier, Dana Miller, Rikky Wenang Purbojati, Federico M Lauro
BACKGROUND: As the cost of sequencing continues to fall, smaller groups increasingly initiate and manage larger sequencing projects and take on the complexity of data storage for high volumes of samples. This has created a need for low-cost laboratory information management systems (LIMS) that contain flexible fields to accommodate the unique nature of individual labs. Many labs do not have a dedicated IT position, so LIMS must also be easy to setup and maintain with minimal technical proficiency...
April 18, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430867/emerging-evidence-for-the-role-of-differential-tumor-microenvironment-in-breast-cancer-racial-disparity-a-closer-look-at-the-surroundings
#17
Sachin Kumar Deshmukh, Sanjeev K Srivastava, Nikhil Tyagi, Aamir Ahmad, Ajay P Singh, Ahmed Al Ghadhban, Donna L Dyess, James E Carter, Kari Dugger, Seema Singh
Although increased awareness leading to early detection and prevention, as well as advancements in treatment strategies, have resulted in superior clinical outcomes, African American women with breast cancer continue to have greater mortality rates, compared to Caucasian American counterparts. Moreover, African American women are more likely to have breast cancer at a younger age and be diagnosed with aggressive tumor sub-types. Such racial disparities can be attributed to socioeconomic differences, but it is increasingly being recognized that these disparities may indeed be due to certain genetic and other non-genetic biological differences...
April 18, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430808/quantification-of-hypoxia-related-gene-expression-as-a-potential-approach-for-clinical-outcome-prediction-in-breast-cancer
#18
Abderrahim El Guerrab, Anne Cayre, Fabrice Kwiatkowski, Maud Privat, Jean-Marc Rossignol, Fabrice Rossignol, Frédérique Penault-Llorca, Yves-Jean Bignon
Breast cancers are solid tumors frequently characterized by regions with low oxygen concentrations. Cellular adaptations to hypoxia are mainly determined by "hypoxia inducible factors" that mediate transcriptional modifications involved in drug resistance and tumor progression leading to metastasis and relapse occurrence. In this study, we investigated the prognostic value of hypoxia-related gene expression in breast cancer. A systematic review was conducted to select a set of 45 genes involved in hypoxia signaling pathways and breast tumor progression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430736/vertical-lifting-a-new-optimal-thread-lifting-technique-for-asians
#19
Seung Hoon Kang, Eun Jung Byun, Hei Sung Kim
BACKGROUND: With the evolution of facial rejuvenation methods, thread lifts have gained popularity among patients who seek cosmetic improvement. Absorbable wedge-shaped polydioxanone (PDO) sutures are currently available, and they are extremely popular in the aesthetic clinics in Korea. In case of midface and mandibular jowl lift, threads are most often inserted in an oblique manner with vectors of rejuvenation directed toward the temple. However, specific characteristics of skeletal anatomy should be considered when deciding which technique to use in Asians...
April 19, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430456/the-microstructure-of-%C3%AE-sitosterol-%C3%AE-oryzanol-edible-organogels
#20
Andrew Barclay Matheson, Vasileios Koutsos, Georgios A Dalkas, Stephen Robert Euston, Paul S Clegg
Rheology and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were employed to examine the microstructure of β-sitosterol : γ-oryzanol organogels in sunflower oil. Using time resolved rheology we followed gel formation, paying specific attention to the fibril aggregation process, which had not been studied in detail previously for this system. Using AFM we observed gel structures directly, and obtained detailed information of the gel structure, far exceeding previous studies. Our analysis suggests that though gels are formed by the self-assembly and aggregation of one-dimensional fibrils, the manner in which these fibrils aggregate into ribbons results in complex structures of higher dimensionality...
April 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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