keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Assessment of"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454298/is-the-biparietal-diameter-of-fetuses-in-late-gestation-too-variable-to-predict-readiness-for-cesarean-section-in-dogs
#1
K G M De Cramer, J O Nöthling
Correct assessment of readiness for cesarean section is essential for timing elective cesarean section during late pregnancy in the bitch. In humans, biparietal diameter is sufficiently precise and accurate and used in a clinical setting daily. The objectives of this study were to determine whether fetal biparietal diameter in late gestation in the dog could be used to predict readiness for cesarean section by having reached a minimum cut-off value and to correlate the biparietal diameter to birth weight. The biparietal diameter of 208 puppies in 34 litters from 31 English bulldog bitches and 660 puppies in 78 litters from 70 Boerboel bitches were measured immediately after delivery by cesarean section, performed at full term, using digital calipers...
February 10, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454289/walking-speed-measurement-with-an-ambient-measurement-system-ams-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-walking-impairment
#2
Francois Bethoux, Jonathan S Varsanik, Timothy W Chevalier, Elkan F Halpern, Darlene Stough, Zebadiah M Kimmel
BACKGROUND: Walking speed is an important measure of gait impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS). The clinical assessment of walking speed requires dedicated time, space, and personnel, and may not accurately gauge real-world performance. The term "Ambient Measurement System" (AMS) refers to a new class of device that passively measures walking speed at home, without the need for dedicated space or specialized setup. This study compared an AMS, Echo5D, versus in-clinic standard measures of walking speed on a straight path...
February 8, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454150/assessment-of-cervical-stiffness-in-axial-rotation-among-chronic-neck-pain-patients-a-trial-in-the-framework-of-a-non-manipulative-osteopathic-management
#3
P-M Dugailly, A Coucke, W Salem, V Feipel
BACKGROUND: Cervical stiffness is a clinical feature commonly appraised during the functional examination of cervical spine. Measurements of cervical stiffness in axial rotation have not been reported for patients with neck pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate cervical spine stiffness in axial rotation among neck pain patients and asymptomatic subjects, and to analyze the impact of osteopathic management. METHODS: Thirty-five individuals (17 patients) were enrolled...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454101/venous-thromboembolism-after-inpatient-surgery-in-administrative-data-vs-nsqip-a-multi-institutional-study
#4
David A Etzioni, Cynthia Lessow, Liliana G Bordeianou, Hiroko Kunitake, Sarah E Deery, Evie Carchman, Christina M Papageorge, George Fuhrman, Rachel L Seiler, James Ogilvie, Elizabeth B Habermann, Yu-Hui H Chang, Samuel R Money
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented significant differences between administrative data and registry data in the determination of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE). The goal of this study is to characterize discordance between administrative and registry data in the determination of postoperative VTE. STUDY DESIGN: This study was performed using data from the American College of Surgeons NSQIP merged with administrative data from 8 different hospitals (5 different medical centers) between 2013 and 2015...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454069/recipient-characteristics-and-morbidity-and-mortality-after-liver-transplantation
#5
Sumeet K Asrani, Giovanna Saracino, Jacqueline G O'Leary, Stevan Gonzales, Peter Kim, Greg McKenna, Goran Klintmalm, James Trotter
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, liver transplantation of sicker, older non-hepatitis C cirrhotics with multiple co-morbidities has increased in the United States. METHODS: We sought to identify a parsimonious set of recipient factors among HCV negative adult transplant recipients associated with significant morbidity and mortality within 5 years after liver transplantation using national (n=31,829, 2002-2015) and center specific data. Coefficients of relevant recipient factors were converted to weighted points and scaled from 0-5...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454014/detecting-structural-and-inflammatory-response-after-in-vivo-stretch-injury-in-the-rat-median-nerve-via-second-harmonic-generation
#6
Matthew J Gluck, Surabhi Vijayaraghavan, Elaine B Sinclair, Asad Ashraf, Michael R Hausman, Paul J Cagle
BACKGROUND: Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) microscopy is a promising method for visualizing the collagenous structure of peripheral nerves. Assessing collagen continuity and damage after a stretch injury provides inferential insight into the level of axonal damage present. NEW METHODS: This study utilizes SHG microscopy after a calibrated in vivo stretch injury of rat median nerves to evaluate collagen continuity at several time points throughout the recovery process...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453937/trajectory-classes-of-cannabis-use-and-heavy-drinking-among-rural-african-american-adolescents-multilevel-predictors-of-class-membership
#7
Allen W Barton, Gene H Brody, Tamika C B Zapolski, Trenette C Goings, Steven M Kogan, Michael Windle, Tianyi Yu
AIMS: To inform research on the etiology and prevention of substance use among rural African American youth by (a) identifying developmental trajectory classes of cannabis use and heavy drinking across adolescence and young adulthood, and (b) examining associations between trajectory class membership and multi-level assessments of risk factors. DESIGN: A prospective study spanning nine years with assessments of cannabis use and heavy drinking, the catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine, perceived stress, and psychosocial risk factors...
February 17, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453923/magnesium-upregulates-insulin-receptor-and-glucose-transporter-4-in-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-type-2-diabetic-rats
#8
Ayodele Olufemi Morakinyo, Titilola Aderonke Samuel, Daniel Abiodun Adekunbi
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of magnesium supplementation on glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, oxidative stress as well as the concentration of insulin receptor and glucose transporter-4 in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced type-2 diabetic (T2D) rats. METHODS: Rats were divided into four groups designated as: 1) control (CTR); 2) diabetic untreated (DU); 3) diabetic treated with 1 mg of Mg/kg diet (Mg1-D); and 4) diabetic treated with 2 mg of Mg/kg diet (Mg2-D)...
January 1, 2018: Endocrine Regulations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453839/making-policies-about-emerging-technologies
#9
Gregory E Kaebnick, Michael K Gusmano
Can we make wise policy decisions about still-emerging technologies-decisions that are grounded in facts yet anticipate unknowns and promote the public's preferences and values? There is a widespread feeling that we should try. There also seems to be widespread agreement that the central element in wise decisions is the assessment of benefits and costs, understood as a process that consists, at least in part, in measuring, tallying, and comparing how different outcomes would affect the public interest. But how benefits and costs are best weighed when making decisions about whether to move forward with an emerging technology is not clear...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453836/cba-and-precaution-policy-making-about-emerging-technologies
#10
Gregory E Kaebnick, Michael K Gusmano
In the technology assessment literature, the leading alternative to CBA-like methods is usually held to be precaution, which is understood in various ways but is always about making decisions under conditions of uncertainty. Under such conditions, proponents of precaution commonly hold, a straightforward tallying of potential outcomes does not seem possible. Since CBA aims to tally up outcomes to determine which outcome would produce the greatest public benefit, precaution begins to look like, not just an alternative to CBA, but an incompatible alternative...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453834/demystifying-evidence-based-policy-analysis-by-revealing-hidden-value-laden-constraints
#11
Adam M Finkel
Consider any choice that affects some social policy. A decision that considers evidence will, at its heart, contain some kind of explicit or implicit "because" statement: "We are doing X because the evidence says Y." But can evidence ever truly speak for itself, in the sense of being reducible to objective utterances that are either correct or in need of correction? Before answering, consider what you'd prefer. Would you rather receive evidence that was free of any value judgments imposed by human actors, that was laden with value judgments that you agree with, or laden with value judgments that you disagree with? The central assertion of this essay is that, throughout policy analysis but especially in assessments of the costs and benefits of regulating versus encouraging new technologies (cost-benefit analysis, or CBA), the first possibility above is a mirage, and the second and third are self-contradictory...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453785/assessment-of-antiplaque-effectiveness-of-chlorhexidine-soaked-gauze-compared-to-chlorhexidine-mouth-rinse-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Scilla Sparabombe, Marisa Roncati, Riccardo Monterubbianasi, Alberto Catellani, Lamberto Manzoli, Fabrizio Bambini, Maurizio Procaccini, Angelo Putignano, Giovanna Orsini
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of a disposable gauze soaked with chlorhexidine and rolled up on the finger vs chlorhexidine mouth rinse (CM) to maintain oral hygiene. METHODS: In this single-blind, randomized trial, both groups were instructed to brush their teeth and use the 0.12% chlorhexidine intervention twice per day (experimental group: toothbrushing + chlorhexidine-soaked gauze; control group: toothbrushing + mouth rinse). The main outcome was the change in full mouth plaque index scores from baseline to 2 weeks...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453765/statistical-assessment-of-dna-extraction-methodology-for-culture-independent-analysis-of-microbial-community-associated-with-diverse-environmental-samples
#13
Rishi Mahajan, Sampan Attri, Kavita Sharma, Niharika Singh, Deepika Sharma, Gunjan Goel
Cost-effectiveness, quality, time-effectiveness and ease of the methodology are the most crucial factors in isolating quality DNA from wide variety of samples. Thus, research efforts focusing on the development of an efficient DNA extraction protocol is the need of the hour. The present study therefore, focuses on development of an efficient, rapid and free of inhibitory substances based methodology for extracting metagenomic DNA from diverse environmental samples viz. anaerobic biogas digesta, ruminant stomach, human feces, soil, and microbial starter cultures used for preparation of fermented food...
February 16, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453734/post-operative-imaging-assessment-of-non-functioning-pituitary-adenomas
#14
REVIEW
Kunal S Patel, Sanjay Dhawan, Renzhi Wang, Bob S Carter, James Y Chen, Clark C Chen
BACKGROUND: Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFAs) are the most common pituitary tumors. There is significant variability in clinical practice in terms of post-operative imaging evaluation. The objective of this manuscript is to provide an exhaustive review of published articles pertaining to the post-operative imaging evaluation of NFAs. METHODS: The MEDLINE database was queried for studies investigating imaging for the post-operative evaluation of pituitary adenomas...
February 16, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453716/occurrence-and-assessment-of-the-risk-of-ultraviolet-filters-and-light-stabilizers-in-victorian-estuaries
#15
Mayumi Allinson, Yutaka Kameda, Kumiko Kimura, Graeme Allinson
This reconnaissance study was undertaken to examine the occurrence of common ultraviolet filters (UVF) and light stabilizers (UVLS), and preservatives in four different estuaries in Port Philip Bay, Victoria, for the first time. In total, 11 UV filters, 10 UV stabilizers, 12 preservatives and a metabolite, and one fragrance were screened in grab samples of water and sediment using a combination of solid phase extraction and gas and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry measurement techniques. In that context, 16 of the UVF and UVLS and 5 of the preservatives screened were observed in water and/or sediment samples...
February 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453695/temporary-assist-device-support-for-the-right-ventricle-pre-implant-and-post-implant-challenges
#16
REVIEW
Michael Dandel, Roland Hetzer
Severe right ventricular (RV) failure is more likely reversible than similar magnitudes of left ventricular (LV) failure and, because reversal of both adaptive remodeling and impaired contractility require most often only short periods of support, the use of temporary RV assist devices (t-RVADs) can be a life-saving therapy option for many patients. Although increased experience with t-RVADs and progresses made in the development of safer devices with lower risk for complications has improved both recovery rate of RV function and patient survival, the mortality of t-RVAD recipients can still be high but it depends mainly on the primary cause of RV failure (RVF), the severity of end-organ dysfunction, and the timing of RVAD implantation, and much less on adverse events and complications related to RVAD implantation, support, or removal...
February 17, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453681/-18-f-fpybf-2-a-new-f-18-labelled-amyloid-imaging-pet-tracer-biodistribution-and-radiation-dosimetry-assessment-of-first-in-man-18-f-fpybf-2-pet-imaging
#17
Ryuichi Nishii, Tatsuya Higashi, Shinya Kagawa, Chio Okuyama, Yoshihiko Kishibe, Masaaki Takahashi, Tomoko Okina, Norio Suzuki, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Yasuhiro Nagahama, Koichi Ishizu, Naoya Oishi, Hiroyuki Kimura, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Masahiro Ono, Hideo Saji, Hiroshi Yamauchi
OBJECTIVE: Recently, a benzofuran derivative for the imaging of β-amyloid plaques, 5-(5-(2-(2-(2- 18 F-fluoroethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)benzofuran-2-yl)- N-methylpyridin-2-amine ( 18 F-FPYBF-2) has been validated as a tracer for amyloid imaging and it was found that 18 F-FPYBF-2 PET/CT is a useful and reliable diagnostic tool for the evaluation of AD (Higashi et al. Ann Nucl Med, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12149-018-1236-1 , 2018). The aim of this study was to assess the biodistribution and radiation dosimetry of diagnostic dosages of 18 F-FPYBF-2 in normal healthy volunteers as a first-in-man study...
February 16, 2018: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453652/significance-of-the-nonneoplastic-renal-parenchymal-findings-in-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-series
#18
Ercan Malkoç, Matthew J Maurice, Oktay Akça, Önder Kara, Homayoun Zargar, Hiury Andrade, Daniel Ramirez, Peter Caputo, Robert Stein, Demirjian Sevag, Jihad H Kaouk
AIM: To describe the pathological characteristics of the peritumoral non-neoplastic renal parenchyma (NNRP) and to investigate their impact on long-term renal function after partial nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our institutional robotic partial nephrectomy database, we identified 394 cases with pathological assessment of the NNRP and long-term postoperative renal functional follow-up. The NNRP was classified as normal (healthy renal parenchyma) or abnormal, based on the presence of arteriosclerosis, glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis, interstitial inflammation, and/or tubulopapillary hyperplasia...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453636/assessment-of-oximetry-based-statistical-classifiers-as-simplified-screening-tools-in-the-management-of-childhood-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Andrea Crespo, Daniel Álvarez, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, Gonzalo C Gutiérrez-Tobal, Ana Cerezo-Hernández, David Gozal, Roberto Hornero, Félix Del Campo
PURPOSE: A variety of statistical models based on overnight oximetry has been proposed to simplify the detection of children with suspected obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Despite the usefulness reported, additional thorough comparative analyses are required. This study was aimed at assessing common binary classification models from oximetry for the detection of childhood OSAS. METHODS: Overnight oximetry recordings from 176 children referred for clinical suspicion of OSAS were acquired during in-lab polysomnography...
February 16, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453616/laser-induced-plasma-spectroscopy-lips-use-of-a-geological-tool-in-assessing-bone-mineral-content
#20
László Andrássy, Izabella Gomez, Ágnes Horváth, Katalin Gulyás, Zsófia Pethö, Balázs Juhász, Harjit Pal Bhattoa, Zoltan Szekanecz
Bone may be similar to geological formulations in many ways. Therefore, it may be logical to apply laser-based geological techniques in bone research. The mineral and element oxide composition of bioapatite can be estimated by mathematical models. Laser-induced plasma spectrometry (LIPS) has long been used in geology. This method may provide a possibility to determine the composition and concentration of element oxides forming the inorganic part of bones. In this study, we wished to standardize the LIPS technique and use mathematical calculations and models in order to determine CaO distribution and bone homogeneity using bovine shin bone samples...
February 17, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
keyword
keyword
117400
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"