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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223128/child-protective-services-utilization-of-child-abuse-pediatricians-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Rebecca Girardet, Kelly Bolton, Syed Hashmi, Emily Sedlock, Rachna Khatri, Nina Lahoti, James Lukefahr
Several children's hospitals and medical schools across Texas have child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) who work closely with child protection workers to help ensure accurate assessments of the likelihood of maltreatment in cases of suspected abuse and neglect. Since the state does not mandate which cases should be referred to a CAP center, we were interested in studying factors that may influence workers' decisions to consult a CAP. We used a mixed methods study design consisting of a focus group followed by a survey...
December 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223085/global-platinum-group-element-resources-reserves-and-mining-a-critical-assessment
#2
Gavin M Mudd, Simon M Jowitt, Timothy T Werner
The platinum group elements (PGEs) are used in many technologies and products in modern society, especially auto-catalysts, chemical process catalysts and specialty alloys, yet supply is dominated by South Africa. This leads PGEs to be assessed as 'critical metals', signalling concern about the likelihood and consequences of social, environmental and economic impacts from disruptions to supply. In order to better understand the global PGE situation, this paper presents a comprehensive global assessment of PGE reserves and resources and the key mining trends which can affect supply...
December 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223083/activity-toxicity-molecular-docking-and-environmental-effects-of-three-imidazolinone-herbicides-enantiomers
#3
Jingqian Xie, Lu Zhao, Kai Liu, Fangjie Guo, Lidi Gao, Weiping Liu
All imidazolinone (IMI) herbicides are chiral consisting of two enantiomers; however, studies on the enantioselectivities of their interactions are limited. This study is a systematic assessment of the enantiomers and racemates of IMI herbicides, including semi-preparation and determination of absolute configurations, stereoselective bioactivity toward target organisms (Echinochloa crus-galli and Microcystis aeruginosa), and toxicity toward Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 (MCF-7) cells. R-imidazolinones were found to be more active than S-IMIs in the inhibition of target organisms, and neither enantiomer had estrogenic activity...
December 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223013/effectiveness-of-flipped-classrooms-in-chinese-baccalaureate-nursing-education-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
Rujun Hu, Huiming Gao, Yansheng Ye, Zhihong Ni, Ning Jiang, Xiaolian Jiang
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the flipped classroom approach has been broadly applied to nursing courses in China. However, a systematic and quantitative assessment of the outcomes of this approach has not been conducted. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the meta-analysis is to evaluate the effectiveness of the flipped classroom pedagogy in Chinese baccalaureate nursing education. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. DATA SOURCE: All randomized controlled trials relevant to the use of flipped classrooms in Chinese nursing education were retrieved from the following databases from their date of inception through September 23, 2017: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Wanfang Database, and the Chinese Scientific Journals Database...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222957/association-between-%C3%AE-cell-function-estimated-by-homa-%C3%AE-and-prognosis-of-nondiabetic-patients-with-ischaemic-stroke
#5
Mengyuan Zhou, Yuesong Pan, Jing Jing, Yongjun Wang, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Hao Li, Yilong Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies showed β-cell dysfunction was associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and subclinical carotid atherosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate the association between β-cell function and prognosis of nondiabetic patients with ischaemic stroke. METHODS: Ischaemic stroke patients without diabetes in the Abnormal Glucose Regulation in Patients with Acute Stroke across China registry were included in this analysis. Homeostasis assessment of β-cell function (HOMA-β), was performed and classified it into four groups according to quartiles...
December 9, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222938/role-of-angiogenic-factors-in-the-pathogenesis-and-management-of-pre-eclampsia
#6
REVIEW
Nnabuike C Ngene, Jagidesa Moodley
The cause of pre-eclampsia is unknown. Different postulates have been developed to explain its pathogenesis. The two-stage theory and angiogenic imbalance are two notable postulates of the disease. Together, they propose that there is a lack of cytotrophoblastic invasion of the uterine spiral arteries in pre-eclampsia. The lumen of these arteries remains narrow instead of converting to the wide channels seen in normal pregnancy, and result in poor placental perfusion. Coupled with maternal susceptibility, this process leads to the release of mediators, including an excess of anti-angiogenic factors that result in the clinical manifestations of the disease...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222882/relative-validity-of-an-indirect-calorimetry-device-for-measuring-resting-energy-expenditure-and-respiratory-quotient
#7
Xi Wang, Yuan Wang, Zenghui Ding, Guangbei Cao, Fusong Hu, Yining Sun, Zuchang Ma, Duoqi Zhou, Benyue Su
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Resting energy expenditure (REE) and respiratory quotient (RQ) are important for optimal nutritional care. The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy and repeatability of an indirect calorimetry device (IIM-IC-100) in the measurement of REE and RQ in healthy Chinese adults. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 38 healthy adults (19 male and 19 female) aged 18-52 years (25±6 years) were enrolled in this study. REE and RQ were measured by IIM-IC-100 and by VO2000, alternately and in duplicate...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222814/siena-xl-for-improving-the-assessment-of-gray-and-white-matter-volume-changes-on-brain-mri
#8
Marco Battaglini, Mark Jenkinson, Nicola De Stefano
In this article, SIENA-XL, a new segmentation-based longitudinal pipeline is introduced, for: (i) increasing the precision of longitudinal volume change estimation for white (WM) and gray (GM) matter separately, compared with cross-sectional segmentation methods such as SIENAX; and (ii) avoiding potential biases in registration-based methods when Jacobians are used, with a smoothing extent larger than spatial scale between tissue-interfaces, which is where atrophy usually occurs. SIENA-XL implements a new brain extraction procedure and a multi-time-point intensity equalization step before performing the final segmentation that also includes separate segmentation of deep GM structures by using FMRIB's Integrated Registration and Segmentation Tool...
December 8, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222782/diolistic-labeling-and-analysis-of-dendritic-spines
#9
M Foster Olive, Armani P Del Franco, Cassandra D Gipson
Dendritic spines are diverse and plastic components of the neuronal cell apparatus and are highly responsive to trophic factors during both development and adulthood. Diolistic labeling of neurons with lipophilic fluorescent dyes, coupled with advanced high-resolution microscopy methods, provides robust labeling of dendritic spines for assessment of their density and morphology. Here, we describe a method for labeling of dendritic spines using diolistic labeling in ex vivo brain slices, visualization using confocal laser scanning microscopy, deconvolution, and analysis using the Surpass module of Bitplane Imaris software...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222747/reconstructing-high-quality-large-scale-metabolic-models-with-merlin
#10
Oscar Dias, Miguel Rocha, Eugénio Campos Ferreira, Isabel Rocha
Here, the basic principles of reconstructing genome-scale metabolic models with merlin are described. This tool covers the basic stages of this process, providing several tools that allow assembling models, using the sequenced genome as a starting point. merlin has two main modules, separating the process of annotating (enzymes, transporters, and compartments) on the genome from the process of model assembly, though information from the former is integrated in the latter after curation. Moreover, merlin provides several tools to curate the model, including tools for generating reactions' gene rules and placeholder entities for biomass precursors, such as proteins (e-protein) or nucleotides (e-DNA and e-RNA) among others...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222738/ct-based-3d-printing-is-superior-to-transesophageal-echocardiography-for-pre-procedure-planning-in-left-atrial-appendage-device-closure
#11
Edinrin Obasare, Sumeet K Mainigi, D Lynn Morris, Leandro Slipczuk, Igor Goykhman, Evan Friend, Mary Rodriguez Ziccardi, Gregg S Pressman
Accurate assessment of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is important for pre-procedure planning when utilizing device closure for stroke reduction. Sizing is traditionally done with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) but this is not always precise. Three-dimensional (3D) printing of the LAA may be more accurate. 24 patients underwent Watchman device (WD) implantation (71 ± 11 years, 42% female). All had complete 2-dimensional TEE. Fourteen also had cardiac computed tomography (CCT) with 3D printing to produce a latex model of the LAA for pre-procedure planning...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222710/assessment-of-sulphate-and-iron-contamination-and-seasonal-variations-in-the-water-resources-of-a-damodar-valley-coalfield-india-a-case-study
#12
Ashwani Kumar Tiwari, Marina De Maio
The aim of the present study was to assess the sulphate [Formula: see text] and iron (Fe) contamination and seasonal variations in the water resources (groundwater, surface water, and mine water) of the West Bokaro coalfield region, India. One hundred and twenty-four water resources samples were collected from the coalfield during the post- and pre-monsoon seasons. The concentrations of [Formula: see text] were determined using ion chromatography and Fe concentrations were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
December 8, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222703/relationship-between-self-reported-cognitive-funciton-and-work-related-outcomes-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#13
Diane Von Ah, Susan Storey, Adele Crouch
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between perceived cognitive function including perceived cognitive impairment (PCI) and perceived cognitive ability (PCA) and work ability, work performance, work productivity, and intention to leave employment in breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used in the study. Employed BCS completed questionnaires assessing PCI and PCA (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive-3); emotional work demands (Self-Focused Emotional Labor Scale); and work ability index (WAI), work performance, work productivity (Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ), and intention to turnover...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222609/evaluating-cognition-in-individuals-with-huntington-disease-neuro-qol-cognitive-functioning-measures
#14
Jin-Shei Lai, Siera Goodnight, Nancy R Downing, Rebecca E Ready, Jane S Paulsen, Anna L Kratz, Julie C Stout, Michael K McCormack, David Cella, Christopher Ross, Jenna Russell, Noelle E Carlozzi
PURPOSE: Cognitive functioning impacts health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for individuals with Huntington disease (HD). The Neuro-QoL includes two patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures of cognition-Executive Function (EF) and General Concerns (GC). These measures have not previously been validated for use in HD. The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Neuro-QoL Cognitive Function measures for use in HD. METHODS: Five hundred ten individuals with prodromal or manifest HD completed the Neuro-QoL Cognition measures, two other PRO measures of HRQOL (WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222574/improving-hearing-aid-self-efficacy-and-utility-through-revising-a-hearing-aid-user-guide-a-pilot-study
#15
Alexandra McMullan, Rebecca J Kelly-Campbell, Kim Wise
Purpose: This pilot study aimed to investigate whether revising a hearing aid user guide (HAUG) is associated with improved hearing aid self-efficacy and utility performance. Method: In Part 1, an HAUG was evaluated using the Suitability Assessment of Material (SAM) and readability formulas (Flesch Reading Ease [Flesch, 1943], Flesch-Kincaid Readability Formula [Kincaid, Fishburne, Rogers, & Chissom, 1957], and Simple Measure of Gobbledygook [McLaughlin, 1969])...
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222567/identifying-children-at-risk-for-language-impairment-or-dyslexia-with-group-administered-measures
#16
Suzanne M Adlof, Joanna Scoggins, Allison Brazendale, Spencer Babb, Yaacov Petscher
Purpose: The study aims to determine whether brief, group-administered screening measures can reliably identify second-grade children at risk for language impairment (LI) or dyslexia and to examine the degree to which parents of affected children were aware of their children's difficulties. Method: Participants (N = 381) completed screening tasks and assessments of word reading, oral language, and nonverbal intelligence. Their parents completed questionnaires that inquired about reading and language development...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222555/audiological-assessment-of-word-recognition-skills-in-persons-with-aphasia
#17
Min Zhang, Sheila R Pratt, Patrick J Doyle, Malcolm R McNeil, John D Durrant, Jillyn Roxberg, Amanda Ortmann
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of persons with aphasia, with and without hearing loss, to complete a commonly used open-set word recognition test that requires a verbal response. Furthermore, phonotactic probabilities and neighborhood densities of word recognition errors were assessed to explore potential underlying linguistic complexities that might differentially influence performance among groups. Method: Four groups of adult participants were tested: participants with no brain injury with normal hearing, participants with no brain injury with hearing loss, participants with brain injury with aphasia and normal hearing, and participants with brain injury with aphasia and hearing loss...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222506/an-assessment-of-the-global-impact-of-21st-century-land-use-change-on-soil-erosion
#18
Pasquale Borrelli, David A Robinson, Larissa R Fleischer, Emanuele Lugato, Cristiano Ballabio, Christine Alewell, Katrin Meusburger, Sirio Modugno, Brigitta Schütt, Vito Ferro, Vincenzo Bagarello, Kristof Van Oost, Luca Montanarella, Panos Panagos
Human activity and related land use change are the primary cause of accelerated soil erosion, which has substantial implications for nutrient and carbon cycling, land productivity and in turn, worldwide socio-economic conditions. Here we present an unprecedentedly high resolution (250 × 250 m) global potential soil erosion model, using a combination of remote sensing, GIS modelling and census data. We challenge the previous annual soil erosion reference values as our estimate, of 35.9 Pg yr-1 of soil eroded in 2012, is at least two times lower...
December 8, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222500/long-term-outcomes-in-survivors-of-epidemic-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-infection
#19
Jiajia Chen, Jie Wu, Shaorui Hao, Meifang Yang, Xiaoqing Lu, Xiaoxiao Chen, Lanjuan Li
Patients who survive influenza A (H7N9) virus infection are at risk of physical and psychological complications of lung injury and multi-organ dysfunction. However, there were no prospectively individualized assessments of physiological, functional and quality-of-life measures after hospital discharge. The current study aims to assess the main determinants of functional disability of these patients during the follow-up. Fifty-six influenza A (H7N9) survivors were investigated during the 2-year after discharge from the hospital...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222374/3-comprehensive-medical-evaluation-and-assessment-of-comorbidities-standards-of-medical-care-in-diabetes-2018
#20
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) "Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes" includes ADA's current clinical practice recommendations and is intended to provide the components of diabetes care, general treatment goals and guidelines, and tools to evaluate quality of care. Members of the ADA Professional Practice Committee, a multidisciplinary expert committee, are responsible for updating the Standards of Care annually, or more frequently as warranted. For a detailed description of ADA standards, statements, and reports, as well as the evidence-grading system for ADA's clinical practice recommendations, please refer to the Standards of Care Introduction Readers who wish to comment on the Standards of Care are invited to do so at professional...
January 2018: Diabetes Care
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