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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819610/a-rare-case-of-massive-rotator-cuff-tear-and-biceps-tendon-rupture-with-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-in-a-young-adult-surgical-decision-making-and-outcome
#1
En Loong Soon, Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Andrew Hwee Chye Tan
INTRODUCTION: Massive rotator cuff tears (RCTs) in the context of shoulder dislocations are relatively uncommon in the young adult (<40 years) and if reported are more commonly described in association with acute traumatic anterior glenohumeral dislocations. They have rarely been described with posterior dislocations, regardless of patient age. This is the 1(st) case reported in the context of posterior dislocations, where a triad of biceps tendon rupture, posterior dislocation, and RCTs was observed during surgery...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816622/obtention-and-characterization-of-the-recombinant-simian-interleukin-15-in-escherichia-coli-for-the-preclinical-assessment-of-an-il-15-based-therapeutic-vaccine
#2
Yunier Rodríguez-Álvarez, Klaudia Martínez-Cordovez, Alexey Llopiz-Arzuaga, Yassel Ramos-Pérez, Vladimir Besada-Pérez, Dayana García-Lines, Alicia Santos-Savio
Recombinant simian IL-15 (siIL-15) was obtained for the preclinical assessment of an anti-human IL-15 vaccine. For this purpose, the cDNA from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of a Macaca fascicularis monkey was cloned into a pIL-2 vector. The siIL-15 was expressed in E. coli strain W3110 as an insoluble protein which accounted for 13% of the total cellular proteins. Inclusion bodies were solubilized in an 8 M urea solution, which was purified by ion exchange and reverse phase chromatography up to 92% purity...
August 17, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773179/effects-of-the-crack-tip-constraint-on-the-fracture-assessment-of-an-al-5083-o-weldment-for-low-temperature-applications
#3
Dong Hyun Moon, Jeong Yeol Park, Myung Hyun Kim
The constraint effect is the key issue in structural integrity assessments based on two parameter fracture mechanics (TPFM) to make a precise prediction of the load-bearing capacity of cracked structural components. In this study, a constraint-based failure assessment diagram (FAD) was used to assess the fracture behavior of an Al 5083-O weldment with various flaws at cryogenic temperature. The results were compared with those of BS 7910 Option 1 FAD, in terms of the maximum allowable stress. A series of fracture toughness tests were conducted with compact tension (CT) specimens at room and cryogenic temperatures...
July 18, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762848/healthcare-resource-utilization-and-costs-for-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-real-world-documentation-of-functional-class
#4
Robert Dufour, Janis Pruett, Nan Hu, Cassandra Lickert, Stephen Stemkowski, Yuen Tsang, Daniel Lane, William Drake
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare medical disease in which patients experience increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and pulmonary arterial pressure that can result in remodeling of the pulmonary vasculature and heart and eventually lead to right heart failure and death. As PAH progresses, patients become unable to perform even routine daily tasks without severe shortness of breath (dyspnea), fatigue, dizziness, and fainting (syncope). Treatment strategies largely depend on assessment of an individual patient's WHO Functional Class...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752931/efficacy-assessment-of-an-intramammary-treatment-with-a-new-recrystallized-enrofloxacin-vs-ceftiofur-and-parenteral-enrofloxacin-in-dairy-cows-with-nonsevere-clinical-mastitis
#5
M Viveros, R Lopez-Ordaz, L Gutiérrez, J E Miranda-Calderón, H Sumano
A recrystallized form of enrofloxacin as dehydrate-HCl (enro-C) was assessed for bacteriological and clinical cure efficacies in Holstein-Friesian cows affected of nonsevere clinical mastitis. Treatments were enro-Csusp (n = 81), treated with a pharmaceutical suspension of enro-C/quarter; group enro-Cpd (n = 80) treated as above, but using enro-C powder suspended in water; group CF (n = 65), treated with ceftiofur HCl/quarter; and group enroR (n = 66), treated with standard enrofloxacin solution (5 mg/kg, intramuscular)...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745947/identity-narrative-density-preliminary-findings-from-scoring-emotional-valence-of-autobiographical-events
#6
A Novac, R G Bota, B Blinder
Autobiographical Memory is a form of declarative episodic memory known to have a significant role in identity, self-regulation, and socialization. Conceivably, it may also influence outcome of psychopathology. This is a preliminary report in which the authors are proposing the notion of Identity Narrative (IdN), a set of implicit memories acquired throughout life and consolidated according to a gradient of emotional valence. IdN may constitute an implicit scaffolding for autobiographical memory. Identity Narrative Density (IND) is a score of emotional valence referring to life events that contribute to the construction of an IdN...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742761/preparation-and-assessment-of-an-individualized-navigation-template-for-lower-cervical-anterior-transpedicular-screw-insertion-using-a-three-dimensional-printing-technique
#7
FengNing Li, Xuan Huang, Kun Wang, BeiEr Luo, Fan Zhang, Zhi Chen, Quan Li, YongJin Zhang, Ke Qi, ChengChun Jin, WangShenJie Chen, CangLong Hou, HongXing Shen
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective trial. OBJECTIVE: To establish an individualized navigation template for safe and accurate insertion of lower cervical anterior transpedicular screw (ATPS) based on a three-dimensional (3D) printing technique. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Conventional screw insertion manually under fluoroscopy easily leading to deviation of ATPS screw channel, cervical instrumentation procedures demand the need for a precise technique for screw placement...
July 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728789/evaluation-of-the-environmental-sustainability-of-different-waste-to-energy-plant-configurations
#8
Lidia Lombardi, Ennio A Carnevale
Residual municipal solid waste (MSW) has an average lower heating value higher than 10GJ/Mg in the EU, and can be recovered in modern Waste-to-Energy (WtE) plants, producing combined heat and power (CHP) and reaching high levels of energy recovery. CHP is pinpointed as the best technique for energy recovery from waste. However, in some cases, heat recovery is not technically feasible - due to the absence of a thermal user (industrial plant or district heating) in the vicinity of the WtE plant - and power production remains the sole possibility...
July 17, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727118/technical-note-assessment-of-an-alternative-technique-for-measuring-body-temperature-in-pigs
#9
A Petry, W McGilvray, A R Rakhshandeh, A Rakhshandeh
Core body temperature (CBT) is one of the main vital signs that is used to evaluate the health status of pigs. The most common and feasible method for assessing CBT in pigs is rectal temperature (RT). Obtaining RT is stressful for animals, may generate inaccurate results, and has the risk of spreading disease. Infrared imaging (IR) thermography of the body of pigs may be a safer and less stressful alternative to RT. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of using IR as an alternative for monitoring CBT in pigs...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725452/mapmysmoke-feasibility-of-a-new-quit-cigarette-smoking-mobile-phone-application-using-integrated-geo-positioning-technology-and-motivational-messaging-within-a-primary-care-setting
#10
Robert S Schick, Thomas W Kelsey, John Marston, Kay Samson, Gerald W Humphris
BACKGROUND: Approximately 11,000 people die in Scotland each year as a result of smoking-related causes. Quitting smoking is relatively easy; maintaining a quit attempt is a very difficult task with success rates for unaided quit attempts stubbornly remaining in the single digits. Pharmaceutical treatment can improve these rates by lowering the overall reward factor of nicotine. However, these and related nicotine replacement therapies do not operate on, or address, the spatial and contextual aspects of smoking behaviour...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721448/-pi-rads-2-0-for-prostate-mri
#11
T Franiel, M Röthke
The PI-RADS 2.0 classification was established by an international collaboration of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR), the American College of Radiology (ACR), and AdMetech Foundation to globally standardize the acquisition and interpretation of multiparametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The PI-RADS 2.0 aims to improve the detection, localization, staging and risk stratification of patients with suspected or histologically confirmed prostate cancer. Suspicious areas on T2-weighted (T2w) MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) were assessed for the presence of a clinically significant prostate cancer with scale from 1 to 5 with 5 being most likely to represent clinically significant prostate cancer...
August 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693573/a-qualitative-assessment-of-an-abstinence-oriented-therapeutic-community-for-prisoners-with-substance-use-disorders-in-kyrgyzstan
#12
Lyuba Azbel, Julia Rozanova, Ingo Michels, Frederick L Altice, Heino Stöver
BACKGROUND: Kyrgyzstan, where HIV is concentrated in prisons and driven by injection drug use, provides a prison-based methadone maintenance therapy program as well as abstinence-oriented therapeutic community based on the 12-step model called the "Clean Zone." We aimed to qualitatively assess how prisoners navigate between these treatment options to understand the persistence of the Clean Zone despite a lack of evidence to support its effectiveness in treating opioid use disorders. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of policy documents and over 60 h of participant observation in February 2016, which included focus groups with a convenience sample of 20 therapeutic community staff members, 110 prisoners across three male and one female prisons, and qualitative interviews with two former Clean Zone participants...
July 10, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680275/linkage-of-clinical-trial-and-administrative-data-a-survey-of-cancer-patient-preferences
#13
A E Hay, Y W Leung, J L Pater, M C Brown, E Bell, D Howell, Z Kassam, S Willing, C Tian, G Liu
BACKGROUND: Personal health information, including diagnoses and hospital admissions, is routinely collected in administrative databases. Patients enrolling on clinical trials consent to separate collection and storage of their personal health information. We evaluated patient preferences for linking long-term data from administrative databases with clinical trials. METHODS: Adults with cancer attending outpatient clinics at 3 Ontario hospitals were surveyed about their willingness, when faced with the hypothetical scenario of participating in a clinical trial, to provide potentially identifying information such as initials and date of birth to facilitate long-term research access to normally deidentified publicly collected databases...
June 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662298/advanced-film-forming-gel-formula-vs-spring-thermal-water-and-white-petrolatum-as-primary-dressings-after-full-face-ablative-fractional-co2-laser-resurfacing-a-comparative-split-face-pilot-study
#14
Leonardo Marini
BACKGROUND: Aesthetically pleasing results and fast, uneventful recovery are highly desirable after rejuvenating ablative laser procedures. Wound dressings following ablative laser procedures should ideally improve and optimize the wound healing environment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this comparative split face, single blinded, prospective observational study was to assess the efficacy and acceptability of two primary wound dressings immediately after a full face fractional CO2 laser resurfacing procedure...
June 29, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661932/the-role-of-echocardiography-in-the-assessment-of-an-iatrogenic-coronary-fistula
#15
Antonio Iaconelli, Aureliano Ruggio, Biagio Merlino, Antonella Lombardo, Filippo Crea
: We reported the case of a 61-year-old woman with a suspected postinfarction ventricular septal defect. The predominantly diastolic flow pattern at our echocardiographic assessment was inconsistent with this diagnosis. A computed tomography revealed a left anterior descending artery to right ventricle fistula. This case highlights the importance of echocardiographic assessment in the differential diagnosis between ventricular septal defect and coronary artery fistula.
June 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661191/assessment-of-an-irritant-gas-plume-model-for-epidemiologic-study
#16
Dev D Jani, Mark Wilson, Jeffrey K Wickliffe, Jeffrey Shaffer, Tracy Middleton, Roy Rando, Erik R Svendsen
Previously, we reported the development of a Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability plume dispersion model of the 2005 Graniteville, South Carolina, USA accidental release of chlorine. Here, we assess this model by spatial and statistical comparison with post-incident observed environmental indicators of exposure and other types of observations. Spatial agreement was found when the model was compared to phytotoxic bleaching and corrosion events observed in 2 km radius around the release site. When spatially compared to locations of injured or killed animals, model predictions of the plume footprint were in relatively good agreement...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645095/tooth-coronal-index-and-pulp-tooth-ratio-in-dental-age-estimation-on-digital-panoramic-radiographs-a-comparative-study
#17
Supreet Jain, Ravleen Nagi, Minal Daga, Ashutosh Shandilya, Aastha Shukla, Abhinav Parakh, Afshan Laheji, Rahul Singh
BACKGROUND: Assessment of an age of an individual whether living or dead through teeth is one of the most reliable and simple method to calculate age than skeletal remains especially when they are in poor conditions. OBJECTIVES: The study was carried out with aim of (i) to evaluate reliability of dental age assessment through two different methods for adults i.e. tooth coronal index and pulp/tooth ratio using digital panoramic radiographs and (ii) to compare these methods for their accuracy in age determination...
May 12, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635521/assessment-of-an-innovative-voluntary-substance-abuse-treatment-program-designed-to-replace-compulsory-drug-detention-centers-in-malaysia
#18
Farrah Khan, Archana Krishnan, Mansur A Ghani, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Jeannia J Fu, Sin How Lim, Sangeeth Kaur Dhaliwal, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: As part of an ongoing initiative by the Malaysian government to implement alternative approaches to involuntary detention of people who use drugs, the National Anti-Drug Agency has created new voluntary drug treatment programs known as Cure and Care (C&C) Centers that provide free access to addiction treatment services, including methadone maintenance therapy, integrated with social and health services. OBJECTIVES:   We evaluated early treatment outcomes and client satisfaction among patients accessing C&C treatment and ancillary services at Malaysia's second C&C Center located in Kota Bharu, Kelantan...
February 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627219/accuracy-assessment-of-an-improved-version-of-an-established-blood-glucose-monitoring-system-for-self-testing-following-iso-15197-2013
#19
Ulrike Kamecke, Annette Baumstark, Nina Jendrike, Cornelia Haug, Guido Freckmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627151/-assessment-of-an-algorithm-to-identify-paediatric-onset-celiac-disease-cases-through-administrative-healthcare-databases
#20
Gisella Pitter, Roberto Gnavi, Pierantonio Romor, Renzo Zanotti, Lorenzo Simonato, Cristina Canova
OBJECTIVES: to assess the role of four administrative healthcare databases (pathology reports, copayment exemptions, hospital discharge records, gluten-free food prescriptions) for the identification of possible paediatric cases of celiac disease. DESIGN: population-based observational study with record linkage of administrative healthcare databases. SETTING AND PARTICIPANT S: children born alive in the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region (Northern Italy) to resident mothers in the years 1989-2012, identified using the regional Medical Birth Register...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
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