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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908385/the-mutagenic-assessment-of-an-electronic-cigarette-and-reference-cigarette-smoke-using-the-ames-assay-in-strains-ta98-and-ta100
#1
D Thorne, I Crooks, M Hollings, A Seymour, C Meredith, M Gaca
Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 were used to assess the mutagenic potential of the aerosol from a commercially available, rechargeable, closed system electronic-cigarette. Results obtained were compared to those for the mainstream smoke from a Kentucky reference (3R4F) cigarette. Two different test matrices were assessed. Aerosol generated from the e-cigarette was trapped on a Cambridge filter pad, eluted in DMSO and compared to cigarette smoke total particulate matter (TPM), which was generated in the same manner for mutagenicity assessment in the Salmonella assay...
December 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890388/uganda-experience-using-cost-assessment-of-an-established-registry-to-project-resources-required-to-expand-cancer-registration
#2
Henry Wabinga, Sujha Subramanian, Sarah Nambooze, Phoebe Mary Amulen, Patrick Edwards, Rachael Joseph, Martin Ogwang, Francis Okongo, D Maxwell Parkin, Florence Tangka
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are (1) to estimate the cost of operating the Kampala Cancer Registry (KCR) and (2) to use cost data from the KCR to project the resource needs and cost of expanding and sustaining cancer registration in Uganda, focusing on the recently established Gulu Cancer Registry (GCR) in rural Northern Uganda. METHODS: We used Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) International Registry Costing Tool (IntRegCosting Tool) to estimate the KCR's activity-based cost for 2014...
November 24, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871594/obstetric-team-simulation-program-challenges
#3
A S Bullough, S Wagner, T Boland, T P Waters, K Kim, W Adams
OBJECTIVE: To describe the challenges associated with the development and assessment of an obstetric emergency team simulation program. DESIGN: The goal was to develop a hybrid, in-situ and high fidelity obstetric emergency team simulation program that incorporated weekly simulation sessions on the labor and delivery unit, and quarterly, education protected sessions in the simulation center. All simulation sessions were video-recorded and reviewed. SETTING: Labor and delivery unit and simulation center...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870892/body-weight-can-change-how-your-emotions-are-perceived
#4
Yujung Oh, Norah C Hass, Seung-Lark Lim
Accurately interpreting other's emotions through facial expressions has important adaptive values for social interactions. However, due to the stereotypical social perception of overweight individuals as carefree, humorous, and light-hearted, the body weight of those with whom we interact may have a systematic influence on our emotion judgment even though it has no relevance to the expressed emotion itself. In this experimental study, we examined the role of body weight in faces on the affective perception of facial expressions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850071/431-assessment-of-an-innovative-critical-care-pharmacy-elective
#5
Craig Whitman, Neela Bhajandas, Christina Rose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811534/performance-in-trauma-resuscitation-at-an-urban-tertiary-level-i-pediatric-trauma-center
#6
Payal Kadia Gala, Kevin Osterhoudt, Sage R Myers, Mariel Colella, Aaron Donoghue
BACKGROUND: The role of the surveyor in trauma resuscitations is to identify life-threatening injuries and is meant to be conducted by a set protocol for every patient. Optimal performance of the trauma survey is known to be a challenge in pediatric trauma resuscitation. A postulated reason for this observation is that many trainees, such as pediatric residents, who perform the trauma survey have minimal experience and do not have formal advanced trauma life support training. The assessment of factors that may be obstacles in performing the trauma survey has not been studied robustly...
November 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806095/microbial-community-evolution-is-significantly-impacted-by-the-use-of-calcium-isosaccharinic-acid-as-an-analogue-for-the-products-of-alkaline-cellulose-degradation
#7
Isaac A Kyeremeh, Christopher J Charles, Simon P Rout, Andrew P Laws, Paul N Humphreys
Diasteriomeric isosaccharinic acid (ISA) is an important consideration within safety assessments for the disposal of the United Kingdoms' nuclear waste legacy, where it may potentially influence radionuclide migration. Since the intrusion of micro-organisms may occur within a disposal concept, the impact of ISA may be impacted by microbial metabolism. Within the present study we have established two polymicrobial consortia derived from a hyperalkaline soil. Here, α-ISA and a diatereomeric mix of ISAs' were used as a sole carbon source, reflecting two common substrates appearing within the literature...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802073/goodness-of-fit-assessment-in-multidimensional-scaling-and-unfolding
#8
Patrick Mair, Ingwer Borg, Thomas Rusch
Judging goodness of fit in multidimensional scaling requires a comprehensive set of diagnostic tools instead of relying on stress rules of thumb. This article elaborates on corresponding strategies and gives practical guidelines for researchers to obtain a clear picture of the goodness of fit of a solution. Special emphasis will be placed on the use of permutation tests. The second part of the article focuses on goodness-of-fit assessment of an important variant of multidimensional scaling called unfolding, which can be applied to a broad range of psychological data settings...
November 1, 2016: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784977/role-of-concomitant-therapy-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-a-technical-note
#9
COMMENT
Giuseppe Losurdo, Floriana Giorgio, Andrea Iannone, Mariabeatrice Principi, Michele Barone, Alfredo Di Leo, Enzo Ierardi
We read with interest the recent meta-analysis by Lin et al who evaluated the effectiveness of concomitant regimen for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in Chinese regions. They found that 7-d concomitant regimen is undoubtedly superior to 7-d triple therapy (91.2% vs 77.9%, P < 0.0001). However, it is a common belief that a triple therapy lasting 7 d should be definitively removed from the clinical practice for its ineffectiveness. Only its prolongation to 14 d may give satisfactory success rate. Thus, the assessment of an old and outdated treatment versus a more recent and successful one does not seem to bring novel and useful information...
October 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776256/an-initial-psychometric-assessment-of-an-icd-11-based-measure-of-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-icd-tq-evidence-of-construct-validity
#10
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Claire Fyvie, Philip Hyland, Erifili Efthymiadou, Danielle Wilson, Neil Roberts, Jonathan I Bisson, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre
Among the conditions following exposure to traumatic life events proposed by ICD-11 are Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). The primary aim of this study was to provide an assessment of the reliability and validity of a newly developed self-report measure of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD: the ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-TQ). Participants in this study were a sample of individuals who were referred for psychological therapy to a National Health Service (NHS) trauma centre in Scotland (N=193)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751907/assessment-of-an-electronic-intervention-in-young-women-with-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#11
J E Dietrich, D L Yee, X M Santos, J L Bercaw-Pratt, J Kurkowski, H Soni, Y J Lee-Kim, M D Shah, D Mahoney, L V Srivaths
BACKGROUND: Bleeding disorders (BD) occur in up to 50% of adolescents with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). This presents unique challenges to healthcare providers given the complexity of treating the condition and such complexity can result in difficulty with patients understanding basic information about their condition, limit communication with medical providers, and patient compliance. SPECIFIC AIMS: To use an electronic approach to enhance patient compliance with medications used to treat their HMB...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750466/assessment-of-an-urgency-classification-for-assisted-vaginal-delivery
#12
Rebecca Anna Leslie, Stephen Michael Kinsella, Jeremy Astin, Jennifer Patricia Tuckey
We performed a prospective observational audit to evaluate the application of the Lucas caesarean section urgency classification to assisted vaginal delivery in the operating theatre. We collected data from 400 women having category 1-3 delivery in the operating theatre. Twenty percent of the caesarean sections and 4% of the vaginal deliveries were category 1. The median (IQR) decision-delivery interval was 25 (19.5-37) min for category 1 caesarean section and 19.5 (15-29) min for category 1 vaginal delivery, and 43...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748702/cd4-count-in-hiv-brain-dead-donors-insight-into-donor-risk-assessment-for-hiv-donors
#13
Oscar K Serrano, Scott Kerwin, William D Payne, Timothy L Pruett
BACKGROUND: The HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act allows for transplantation of organs from Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals (HIV+), provided it is performed under a research protocol. The safety assessment of an organ for transplantation is an essential element of the donation process. The risk for HIV associated opportunistic infections increases as circulating CD4+ lymphocytes decrease to <200 cells/μL; however, the numbers of circulating CD4+ cells in the HIV-negative (HIV-) brain dead donor (BDD) is not known...
September 29, 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748496/a-case-of-discordance-between-fractional-and-coronary-flow-reserve-in-functional-assessment-of-an-isolated-left-anterior-descending-artery-lesion
#14
Grzegorz J Horszczaruk, Przemysław Kwasiborski, Jolanta Miśko, Tomasz Pasierski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734221/educational-and-psychosocial-support-needs-in-lynch-syndrome-implementation-and-assessment-of-an-educational-workshop-and-support-group
#15
Marina J Corines, Jada G Hamilton, Emily Glogowski, Chris A Anrig, Rachael Goldberg, Kate Niehaus, Erin Salo-Mullen, Megan Harlan, Margaret R Sheehan, Magan Trottier, Asad Ahsraf, Christina Tran, Lauren Jacobs, Rohini Rau-Murthy, Anne G Lincoln, Mark E Robson, Jose G Guillem, Arnold J Markowitz, Kenneth Offit, Zsofia K Stadler
Few reports of educational and counseling support resources exist for Lynch syndrome (LS), a disorder requiring multi-organ cancer screening and specialized medical care throughout adult life. Here we describe the development and efficacy of two resources designed to address this need, the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Clinical Genetics Service annual Lynch Syndrome Educational Workshop (LSEW), and a quarterly Lynch Syndrome Patient Advocacy Network (LSPAN) support group. The LSEW and LSPAN were implemented beginning in 2012...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689468/performance-analysis-of-continuous-black-box-optimization-algorithms-via-footprints-in-instance-space
#16
Mario A Muñoz, Kate A Smith-Miles
This paper presents a method for the objective assessment of an algorithm's strengths and weaknesses. Instead of examining only the performance of one or more algorithms on a benchmark set, or generating custom problems that maximize the performance difference between two algorithms, our method quantifies both the nature of the test instances and the algorithm performance. Our aim is to gather information about possible phase transitions in performance, i.e., the points in which a small change in problem structure produces algorithm failure...
September 30, 2016: Evolutionary Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684303/subjective-meanings-of-unintended-pregnancy-interviews-from-understanding-fertility-management-in-contemporary-australia
#17
Maggie Kirkman, Claire Stubber, Heather Rowe, Sara Holton, Chris Bayly, Lynne Jordan, John McBain, Kathleen McNamee, Vikki Sinnott, Jane Fisher
Unintended pregnancy can be difficult to identify and conceptualise. We aimed to understand how unintended pregnancies are constructed, explained and situated in a reproductive life. A total of 41 women and 7 men aged 20-50 years were interviewed in depth. Transcripts were analysed using iterative hermeneutic techniques informed by narrative theory. Of 34 participants who had been pregnant or had a partner in pregnancy, 12 women and 1 man described 23 'unintended' pregnancies, about half of which ended in abortion...
August 16, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672234/contrast-enhanced-sonography-and-fusion-technology-for-assessment-of-an-embolized-renal-angiomyolipoma
#18
Maria Stanczak, Andrej Lyshchik, Colette M Shaw, Flemming Forsberg, John R Eisenbrey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633925/identifying-fibromyalgia-subgroups-using-cluster-analysis-relationships-with-clinical-variables
#19
Y-R Yim, K-E Lee, D-J Park, S-H Kim, S-S Nah, J H Lee, S-K Kim, Y-A Lee, S-J Hong, H-S Kim, H-S Lee, H A Kim, C-I Joung, S-H Kim, S-S Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients with fibromyalgia (FM) exhibit significant clinical heterogeneity, in terms of physical, social and psychological functions, as well as therapeutic responses. Here, we examined FM patients in terms of pain, physical, social and psychological variables to identify clinical subgroups that may be predictive of treatment patterns. METHODS: A total of 313 FM patients were interviewed using a structured questionnaire that included sociodemographic data, current or past FM symptoms and current use of relevant medications...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633212/assessment-of-an-active-liquid-cooling-garment-intended-for-use-in-a-hot-environment
#20
Grazyna Bartkowiak, Anna Dabrowska, Anna Marszalek
This paper discusses the construction of a designed active liquid cooling garment (LCG) that has been developed in order to reduce thermal discomfort of persons working in hot environments. It consists of clothing with a tube system distributing a cooling liquid, a sensor measuring the microclimate under the clothing, and a portable cooling unit with a module controlling the temperature of the cooling liquid depending on the microclimate temperature under the clothing. The LCG was validated through tests on volunteers in a climatic chamber at 30 °C, a relative humidity of 40%, and an air movement rate of 0...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
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