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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645095/tooth-coronal-index-and-pulp-tooth-ratio-in-dental-age-estimation-on-digital-panoramic-radiographs-a-comparative-study
#1
Supreet Jain, Ravleen Nagi, Minal Daga, Ashutosh Shandilya, Aastha Shukla, Abhinav Parakh, Afshan Laheji, Rahul Singh
BACKGROUND: Assessment of an age of an individual whether living or dead through teeth is one of the most reliable and simple method to calculate age than skeletal remains especially when they are in poor conditions. OBJECTIVES: The study was carried out with aim of (i) to evaluate reliability of dental age assessment through two different methods for adults i.e. tooth coronal index and pulp/tooth ratio using digital panoramic radiographs and (ii) to compare these methods for their accuracy in age determination...
May 12, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635521/assessment-of-an-innovative-voluntary-substance-abuse-treatment-program-designed-to-replace-compulsory-drug-detention-centers-in-malaysia
#2
Farrah Khan, Archana Krishnan, Mansur A Ghani, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Jeannia J Fu, Sin How Lim, Sangeeth Kaur Dhaliwal, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: As part of an ongoing initiative by the Malaysian government to implement alternative approaches to involuntary detention of people who use drugs, the National Anti-Drug Agency has created new voluntary drug treatment programs known as Cure and Care (C&C) Centers that provide free access to addiction treatment services, including methadone maintenance therapy, integrated with social and health services. OBJECTIVES:   We evaluated early treatment outcomes and client satisfaction among patients accessing C&C treatment and ancillary services at Malaysia's second C&C Center located in Kota Bharu, Kelantan...
February 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627219/accuracy-assessment-of-an-improved-version-of-an-established-blood-glucose-monitoring-system-for-self-testing-following-iso-15197-2013
#3
Ulrike Kamecke, Annette Baumstark, Nina Jendrike, Cornelia Haug, Guido Freckmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627151/-assessment-of-an-algorithm-to-identify-paediatric-onset-celiac-disease-cases-through-administrative-healthcare-databases
#4
Gisella Pitter, Roberto Gnavi, Pierantonio Romor, Renzo Zanotti, Lorenzo Simonato, Cristina Canova
OBJECTIVES: to assess the role of four administrative healthcare databases (pathology reports, copayment exemptions, hospital discharge records, gluten-free food prescriptions) for the identification of possible paediatric cases of celiac disease. DESIGN: population-based observational study with record linkage of administrative healthcare databases. SETTING AND PARTICIPANT S: children born alive in the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region (Northern Italy) to resident mothers in the years 1989-2012, identified using the regional Medical Birth Register...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616741/ecological-risk-assessment-of-an-open-dumping-site-at-mehmood-booti-lahore-pakistan
#5
Asifa Alam, Amtul Bari Tabinda, Abdul Qadir, Talib E Butt, Sidra Siddique, Adeel Mahmood
A robust risk assessment of Mehmood Booting Open Dumping (MBOD) site has been carried out by developing holistic risk assessment framework. Framework mainly comprises on baseline study, hazard identification, and risk quantification and evaluation. Physico-chemical analysis of groundwater and leachate, health risk assessment, and estimation of gas emissions from the site were carried out for risk evaluation. LandGEM 3.02 modelling software was used to measure the gas emissions. Analysis of leachate showed that all parameters were exceeding the WHO standard limit...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599923/silencing-of-the-rna-binding-protein-hur-attenuates-hyperalgesia-and-motor-disability-in-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis
#6
Maria Domenica Sanna, Alessandro Quattrone, Nicoletta Galeotti
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system associated with progressive neuronal loss and axonal degeneration. Neuronal lesions and dysfunction lead often to neuropathic pain, the most prevalent and difficult to treat pain syndrome observed in MS patients. Despite its widespread occurrence, the underlying neural mechanisms for MS pain are not fully understood. For a better clarification of the pathophysiology of MS-associated pain, we investigated the role of HuR, an RNA-binding protein that positively regulates the stability of many target mRNAs, including several cytokines...
June 12, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596061/ecological-assessment-of-an-algaecidal-naphthoquinone-derivate-for-the-mitigation-of-stephanodiscus-within-a-mesocosm
#7
Jae-Hyoung Joo, Zhen Kuang, Pengbin Wang, Bum Soo Park, Shailesh Kumar Patidar, Myung-Soo Han
The novel eco-friendly algaecidal naphthoquinone derivate was used to control harmful algal bloom causing species Stephanodiscus and, its effect was assessed on other undesired and non-targeted microbial communities. We conducted a mesocosm experiment to investigate the effects of this novel algaecide on native microbial communities rearing in water collected from Nakdonggang River. Upon treatment of the mesocosm with the naphthoquinone derivate the concentration of Chl-a decreased from 20.4 μg L(-1) to 9...
June 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593001/teaching-echoscopy-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-ascites-in-cirrhosis-assessment-of-an-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce
#8
Salmi Andrea, Lanzani Giovanna, Campagnola Pietro, Frulloni Luca
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the efficacy of a brief, 8-h teaching program, using an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) for the use of a pocket ultrasound device (echoscope) focused on bed side diagnosis of subclinical ascites in chronic liver disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten cirrhotic patients, five with subclinical ascites and five without, were selected during ultrasound examination performed with a high performance equipment for screening of hepatocellular carcinoma...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543739/sound-at-the-zoo-using-animal-monitoring-sound-measurement-and-noise-reduction-in-zoo-animal-management
#9
David A Orban, Joseph Soltis, Lori Perkins, Jill D Mellen
A clear need for evidence-based animal management in zoos and aquariums has been expressed by industry leaders. Here, we show how individual animal welfare monitoring can be combined with measurement of environmental conditions to inform science-based animal management decisions. Over the last several years, Disney's Animal Kingdom® has been undergoing significant construction and exhibit renovation, warranting institution-wide animal welfare monitoring. Animal care and science staff developed a model that tracked animal keepers' daily assessments of an animal's physical health, behavior, and responses to husbandry activity; these data were matched to different external stimuli and environmental conditions, including sound levels...
May 23, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542804/assessment-of-an-engineered-endothelium-via-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography
#10
Bin Jiang, Yidi Wu, Chad R Haney, Chongwen Duan, Guillermo A Ameer
The clinical translation of cell-based therapeutics often requires highly sensitive, non-invasive imaging tools to assess cell function and distribution in vivo. The objective of this research was to determine whether human Sodium-Iodide Symporter (hNIS) ectopic expression in endothelial cells (ECs) in combination with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a feasible approach to non-invasively monitor the presence and viability of an engineered endothelium on expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE)...
May 22, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533753/age-related-assessment-of-sugar-and-protein-intake-of-ceratitis-capitata-in-ad-libitum-conditions-and-modeling-its-relation-to-reproduction
#11
Nikos A Kouloussis, Petros T Damos, Charalambos S Ioannou, Constantinos Tsitsoulas, Nikos T Papadopoulos, David Nestel, Dimitris S Koveos
In the inquiry on the age related dietary assessment of an organism, knowledge of the distributional patterns of food intake throughout the entire life span is very important, however, age related nutritional studies often lack robust feeding quantification methods due to their limitations in obtaining short-term food-intake measurements. In this study, we developed and standardized a capillary method allowing precise life-time measurements of food consumption by individual adult medflies, Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae), under laboratory conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490416/development-and-assessment-of-an-e-learning-course-on-pediatric-cardiology-basics
#12
Ana Cristina Oliveira, Sandra Mattos, Miguel Coimbra
BACKGROUND: Early detection of congenital heart disease is a worldwide problem. This is more critical in developing countries, where shortage of professional specialists and structural health care problems are a constant. E-learning has the potential to improve capacity, by overcoming distance barriers and by its ability to adapt to the reduced time of health professionals. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop an e-learning pediatric cardiology basics course and evaluate its pedagogical impact and user satisfaction...
May 10, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481379/faster-health-deterioration-among-nail-technicians-occupationally-exposed-to-low-levels-of-volatile-organic-compounds
#13
Peter Grešner, Radosław Świercz, Wojciech Wąsowicz, Jolanta Gromadzińska
OBJECTIVES: The study has aimed at investigating the subjective assessment of an individual's health status and comparing the prevalence of selected work-related symptoms among nail technicians occupationally exposed to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to the one among control subjects. Associations between occupational exposure to VOCs and the incidence of adverse health effects were also analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 145 female nail technicians and 152 control subjects...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459799/mapping-an-extended-neurochemical-profile-at-3-and-7-t-using-accelerated-high-resolution-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopic-imaging
#14
Stephan Gruber, Eva Heckova, Bernhard Strasser, Michal Považan, Gilbert J Hangel, Lenka Minarikova, Siegfried Trattnig, Wolfgang Bogner
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare high-resolution free induction decay magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (FID-MRSI) at 3 T and 7 T in the brain of healthy subjects and to showcase the clinical potential of accelerated FID-MRSI at 7 T in 2 brain tumor cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved study, 10 healthy volunteers (8 men/2 women; age: 31 ± 6 years) were measured at 3 T and 7 T (Trio and 7T-Magnetom; Siemens Healthcare, Germany) and 2 patients (a 38-year-old man and a 37-year-old man), 1 with an anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (grade III) and 1 with a low-grade glioma (oligodendroglioma), were measured at 7 T...
April 28, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456660/assessing-mouse-behaviour-throughout-the-light-dark-cycle-using-automated-in-cage-analysis-tools
#15
Rasneer S Bains, Sara Wells, Rowland R Sillito, J Douglas Armstrong, Heather L Cater, Gareth Banks, Patrick M Nolan
An important factor in reducing variability in mouse test outcomes has been to develop assays that can be used for continuous automated home cage assessment. Our experience has shown that this has been most evidenced in long-term assessment of wheel-running activity in mice. Historically, wheel-running in mice and other rodents have been used as a robust assay to determine, with precision, the inherent period of circadian rhythms in mice. Furthermore, this assay has been instrumental in dissecting the molecular genetic basis of mammalian circadian rhythms...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453544/predicting-herbivore-faecal-nitrogen-using-a-multispecies-near-infrared-reflectance-spectroscopy-calibration
#16
Miriam Villamuelas, Emmanuel Serrano, Johan Espunyes, Néstor Fernández, Jorge R López-Olvera, Mathieu Garel, João Santos, María Ángeles Parra-Aguado, Maurizio Ramanzin, Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Andreu Colom-Cadena, Ignasi Marco, Santiago Lavín, Jordi Bartolomé, Elena Albanell
Optimal management of free-ranging herbivores requires the accurate assessment of an animal's nutritional status. For this purpose 'near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy' (NIRS) is very useful, especially when nutritional assessment is done through faecal indicators such as faecal nitrogen (FN). In order to perform an NIRS calibration, the default protocol recommends starting by generating an initial equation based on at least 50-75 samples from the given species. Although this protocol optimises prediction accuracy, it limits the use of NIRS with rare or endangered species where sample sizes are often small...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451464/activity-based-assessment-of-an-engineered-hyperthermophilic-protein-as-a-capture-agent-in-paper-based-diagnostic-tests
#17
E A Miller, M W Traxlmayr, J Shen, H D Sikes
Antibodies have traditionally served as the affinity reagents of choice in point-of-care diagnostic biosensors. However, this class of proteins is not ideally suited for this use, being poorly characterized and prone to thermal denaturation. Here, we present an activity-based assessment of an alternative engineered binding protein in a cellulose-based assay.
December 1, 2016: Molecular Systems Design & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433891/stakeholder-driven-indicators-for-ehealth-performance-management
#18
Tomas Vedlūga, Birutė Mikulskienė
The goal of the present article is to compile a corpus of indicators of eHealth development evaluation that would essentially reflect stakeholder approaches and complement technical indicators of assessment of an eHealth system. Consequently, the assessment of the development of an eHealth system would reflect stakeholder approaches and become an innovative solution in attempting to improve productivity of IT projects in the field of health care. The compiled minimum set of indicators will be designed to monitor implementation of the national eHealth information system...
March 30, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416405/development-validation-and-assessment-of-an-ischemic-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack-specific-prediction-tool-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Jason J Sico, H Klar Yaggi, Susan Ofner, John Concato, Charles Austin, Jared Ferguson, Li Qin, Lauren Tobias, Stanley Taylor, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, Vincent McLain, Linda S Williams, Dawn M Bravata
BACKGROUND: Screening instruments for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), as used routinely to guide clinicians regarding patient referral for polysomnography (PSG), rely heavily on symptomatology. We sought to develop and validate a cerebrovascular disease-specific OSA prediction model less reliant on symptomatology, and to compare its performance with commonly used screening instruments within a population with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). METHODS: Using data on demographic factors, anthropometric measurements, medical history, stroke severity, sleep questionnaires, and PSG from 2 independently derived, multisite, randomized trials that enrolled patients with stroke or TIA, we developed and validated a model to predict the presence of OSA (i...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410973/the-influence-of-relationship-power-and-partner-communication-on-the-syndemic-factor-among-hispanic-women
#20
Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Brian E McCabe, Esther Mathurin, Summer D DeBastiani, Nilda Peragallo Montano
BACKGROUND: This study expands research on the substance abuse, intimate partner violence, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and depression syndemic theory for Hispanic women. We hypothesized relationship power and partner communication would be related to the syndemic. METHODS: Data were used from the baseline assessment of an effectiveness trial of SEPA (Salud/Health, Educación/Education, Prevención/Prevention, and Autocuidado/Self-care), an HIV/sexually transmitted infection risk reduction program for Hispanic women...
April 11, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
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