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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867681/terror-management-in-a-multicultural-society-effects-of-mortality-salience-on-attitudes-to-multiculturalism-are-moderated-by-national-identification-and-self-esteem-among-native-dutch-people
#1
Mandy Tjew-A-Sin, Sander Leon Koole
Terror Management Theory (TMT; Greenberg et al., 1997) proposes that mortality concerns may lead people to reject other cultures than their own. Although highly relevant to multiculturalism, TMT has been rarely tested in a European multicultural society. To fill this void, two studies examined the effects of mortality salience (MS) among native Dutch people with varying levels of national identification and self-esteem. Consistent with TMT, MS led to less favorable attitudes about Muslims and multiculturalism among participants with high (rather than low) national identification and low (rather than high) self-esteem (Study 1)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795712/-it-s-ok-if-it-s-hidden-the-discursive-construction-of-everyday-racism-for-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-in-wales
#2
Samuel Parker
Wales has a long history of migration; however, the introduction of dispersed asylum seekers in 2001 has led to Wales becoming a more superdiverse nation. Wales has often been positioned as a more "tolerant nation" than England; however, the increasingly superdiverse nature of Wales in a postdevolution era may now be calling this tolerance thesis into question. Models of refugee and asylum seeker integration suggest that the absence of racism plays a key role in integration. This paper reports the findings of research that centres on refugee and asylum seeker integration in Wales...
May 2018: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754681/-everyday-racism-in-initial-training
#3
Zarina Lagersie
Student nurses and nursing assistants are, during their training, both in placement practice and the training institute, exposed to racist behaviour and remarks. The teaching teams have an ethical duty to encourage discussion around this issue during initial training.
May 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754678/-when-the-healthcare-user-displays-racist-behaviour
#4
Marguerite Cognet, Patricia Carlier, Camille Foubert
The staff working in health and medical-social services are a reflection of French society. Many of the employees of these services are migrants, from French overseas departments, whose descendants are particularly high in number in the Île-de-France region. Users of the services, from the 'white' majority group can display racist attitudes.
May 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742244/phrenology-and-the-rwandan-genocide
#5
Charles André
Belgian colonizers used phrenology to create an irreducible division between the two major groups living for centuries in Rwanda-Urundi. This formed the basis for the implementation of systematic efforts to subdue the large Hutu population. Both the Hutus and the smaller, and initially privileged, Tutsi group soon incorporated the racist discourse, which was pivotal to the gradual increase in violence before and after Rwandan independence in 1962. The Rwandan genocide in 1994 culminated in the horrible pinnacle of this process, involving recurrent episodes of slaughtering...
April 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730996/relocating-anti-racist-science-the-1950-unesco-statement-on-race-and-economic-development-in-the-global-south
#6
Sebastián Gil-Riaño
This essay revisits the drafting of the first UNESCO Statement on Race (1950) in order to reorient historical understandings of mid-twentieth-century anti-racism and science. Historians of science have primarily interpreted the UNESCO statements as an oppositional project led by anti-racist scientists from the North Atlantic and concerned with dismantling racial typologies, replacing them with population-based conceptions of human variation. Instead of focusing on what anti-racist scientists opposed, this article highlights the futures they imagined and the applied social-science projects that anti-racist science drew from and facilitated...
May 7, 2018: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623776/some-comparative-psychiatric-studies-in-the-19th-century
#7
Birk Engmann, Holger Steinberg
This article analyses 19th-century publications which dealt with the social and cultural aspects of psychiatric disorders in different parts of the world. Systematic reviews were conducted of three German medical journals, one Russian medical journal, and a relevant monograph. All these archives were published in the 19th century. Our work highlights the fact that long before Kraepelin, several, mostly forgotten, publications had already discussed cultural aspects, social conditions, the influence of religion, the influence of climate, and also "race" as a trigger or amplifier of psychiatric diseases...
June 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565911/are-we-all-racists
#8
Michael Shermer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2017: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557297/-why-even-bother-they-are-not-going-to-do-it-the-structural-roots-of-racism-and-discrimination-in-lactation-care
#9
Erin V Thomas
Through semi-structured interviews with 36 International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs) who assist mothers with breastfeeding, this study takes a systematic look at breastfeeding disparities. Specifically, this study documents race-based discrimination against patients in the course of lactation care and links the implicit bias literature to breastfeeding disparities. IBCLCs report instances of race-based discrimination against patients such as unequal care provided to patients of color and overt racist remarks said in front of or behind patient's backs...
June 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548328/racial-and-cultural-minority-experiences-and-perceptions-of-health-care-provision-in-a-mid-western-region
#10
Stephane M Shepherd, Cynthia Willis-Esqueda, Yin Paradies, Diane Sivasubramaniam, Juanita Sherwood, Teresa Brockie
BACKGROUND: Disparities across a number of health indicators between the general population and particular racial and cultural minority groups including African Americans, Native Americans and Latino/a Americans have been well documented. Some evidence suggests that particular groups may receive poorer standards of care due to biased beliefs or attitudes held by health professionals. Less research has been conducted in specifically non-urban areas with smaller minority populations. METHODS: This study explored the self-reported health care experiences for 117 racial and cultural minority Americans residing in a Mid-Western jurisdiction...
March 16, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543474/discrimination-work-outcomes-and-mental-health-among-women-of-color-the-protective-role-of-womanist-attitudes
#11
Brandon L Velez, Robert Cox, Charles J Polihronakis, Bonnie Moradi
With a sample of employed women of color (N = 276), we tested the associations of sexist and racist discrimination with poor work outcomes (job-related burnout and turnover intentions) and mental health outcomes (i.e., psychological distress). Drawing from the Theory of Work Adjustment, Organizational Support Theory, and scholarship on discrimination, we tested perceived person-organization (P-O) fit, perceived organizational support, and self-esteem as mediators of the associations of workplace discrimination with the outcomes...
March 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517323/black-asian-and-minority-ethnic-female-nurses-colonialism-power-and-racism
#12
Beverley Brathwaite
The history of black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) women who came to the UK to work as nurses is interwoven with the history of the NHS. The colonial construct of the BAME female nurse is embedded in British society. From the post-second-world-war years to the 1960s, to today, BAME women chose to become nurses and work in the 'motherland', a term regularly used by those immigrating to England from the former colonies. The experiences of the BAME female nurse in the 1970s and early 1980s were of overt racism and lack of advancement...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396816/overcoming-the-racial-hierarchy-the-history-and-medical-consequences-of-caucasian
#13
Aksharananda Rambachan
The term Caucasian is ubiquitous in the medical field. It is used without a significant consideration of its history or medical necessity. First, the term Caucasian has racist historical origins in a beauty-based hierarchy with implied superiority. It is derived from a 1700's historical scheme which places Caucasians above the other, degenerated racial groups. Second, the pseudo-scientific justification for this hierarchy has been co-opted to legally justify discrimination against minority groups in the USA...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294794/perceived-group-threat-perceived-injustice-and-self-reported-right-wing-violence-an-integrative-approach-to-the-explanation-right-wing-violence
#14
Lieven J R Pauwels, Ben Heylen
The present study aims at explaining individual differences in self-reported political violence. We integrate key concepts from the field of criminology that are conceptually related to social identity theory (Flemish identity, feelings of group superiority, and ethnocentrism) and the dual process model on prejudice (perceived injustice, perception of threat, and right-wing authoritarianism). In our model, social identity concepts are hypothesized to play a mediating role between mechanisms derived from the dual process model and political violence...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235166/the-south-african-universal-preschool-year-a-case-study-of-policy-development-and-implementation
#15
L Richter, M-L Samuels
BACKGROUND: South Africa is the first sub-Saharan African country to legislate, fund and implement free preschool education. Human rights and restitution were at the forefront of the political struggle for democracy in South Africa. Levelling the playing fields by improving the school readiness of children disadvantaged by the racist policies of Apartheid is essential to the transformation of South African society. METHODS: A review of published and unpublished documents on Grade R was undertaken, and access and enrolment data come from the National Department of Basic Education's Education Management Information System (EMIS)...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194710/links-between-the-discovery-of-primates-and-anatomical-comparisons-with-humans-the-chain-of-being-our-place-in-nature-and-racism
#16
REVIEW
Rui Diogo
I focus on the crucial links between the discovery of nonhuman primates by Westerners, discussions on our place in nature, the chain of being, racism, and the history of primate comparative anatomy and of so-called "anatomical human racial studies." Strikingly, for more than a millennium humans knew more about the internal anatomy of a single monkey species than about that of their own bodies. This is because Galen used monkeys to infer human anatomy, in line with the human-animal continuity implied by the Greek notion of scala naturae...
April 2018: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194589/pathological-integration-or-how-east-europeans-use-racism-to-become-british
#17
Jon E Fox, Magda Mogilnicka
East Europeans are integrating into life in the UK. This entails learning to get along with their new neighbours, but it also involves not getting along with certain neighbours. Integration is not confined to benevolent forms of everyday cosmopolitanism, multiculturalism and conviviality; it can also include more pathological forms, like racism. Whilst integration is generally seen as desirable, the learning that it entails necessarily includes less desirable practices and norms. The aim of this article is to show how East Europeans in the UK have been acquiring specifically British competencies of racism...
November 30, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114873/brexit-trump-and-methodological-whiteness-on-the-misrecognition-of-race-and-class
#18
Gurminder K Bhambra
The rhetoric of both the Brexit and Trump campaigns was grounded in conceptions of the past as the basis for political claims in the present. Both established the past as constituted by nations that were represented as 'white' into which racialized others had insinuated themselves and gained disproportionate advantage. Hence, the resonant claim that was broadcast primarily to white audiences in each place 'to take our country back'. The politics of both campaigns was also echoed in those social scientific analyses that sought to focus on the 'legitimate' claims of the 'left behind' or those who had come to see themselves as 'strangers in their own land'...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114865/the-politics-of-nationalism-and-white-racism-in-the-uk
#19
Magne Flemmen, Mike Savage
This paper considers the contemporary significance of white racism and its association with nationalist sentiment amongst a cohort late middle aged white Britons, using survey responses and qualitative interviews from the 1958 National Child Development Study. We have shown that although overt racism is very limited, a substantial minority of white Britons display ambivalent feelings which have the potential to be mobilised in racist directions. We argue against the view that disadvantaged white working class respondents are especially xenophobic, and show that racist views are not strongly associated with social position...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094641/-i-can-never-be-too-comfortable-race-gender-and-emotion-at-the-hospital-bedside
#20
Marci D Cottingham, Austin H Johnson, Rebecca J Erickson
In this article, we examine how race and gender shape nurses' emotion practice. Based on audio diaries collected from 48 nurses within two Midwestern hospital systems in the United States, we illustrate the disproportionate emotional labor that emerges among women nurses of color in the white institutional space of American health care. In this environment, women of color experience an emotional double shift as a result of negotiating patient, coworker, and supervisor interactions. In confronting racist encounters, nurses of color in our sample experience additional job-related stress, must perform disproportionate amounts of emotional labor, and experience depleted emotional resources that negatively influence patient care...
January 2018: Qualitative Health Research
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