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Emergency Medicine India

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217529/study-of-awareness-of-adrenal-disorders-among-interns-and-postgraduate-students-of-hamidia-hospital-bhopal
#1
Sachin Chittawar, T N Dubey, Jitendra Sharma, Sagar Khandare
INTRODUCTION: Adrenal disorders could be a life-threatening emergency, hence requires immediate therapeutic management. For this awareness regarding its diagnosis, management, and treatment is prime important. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To study the awareness of adrenal disorders among interns and postgraduates students of Hamidia Hospital, Bhopal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was performed. Fifty-six participants, i...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050393/metronomic-chemotherapy-seems-prowess-to-battle-against-cancer-in-current-scenario
#2
Prema Muthusamy, Krishnan Vengadaragava Chary, G K Nalini
INTRODUCTION: Metronomic chemotherapy is an emerging method of chemotherapy. Metronomic 'lowdose' chemotherapy regimen induces tumour dormancy and reduces cancer resistance against anticancer drugs. It tends to improve overall success rate of cancer chemotherapy than conventional cyclical regimen. AIM: The aim of this systemic review was to provide comprehensive data of metronomic chemotherapy trials, regimens used and it's outcome in cancer therapeutics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty chemotherapy trial data were searched sequentially from web...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050392/paediatric-prescription-analysis-in-a-primary-health-care-institution
#3
Jinish Jose, Denny Devassykutty
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric prescription analysis was done by vari-ous studies in tertiary care centers but not much published data, at primary care level. The Medical Council of India introduced new prescription format and also antibiotic stewardship program was launched by Government of Kerala in the year 2015. So in these contexts this study was conducted. AIM: To analyse the patterns of prescriptions and drug dis-pensing in pediatric patients using WHO core drug use indicators and parameters in the prescription format prescribed by Medical Council of India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939314/17-th-century-variola-virus-reveals-the-recent-history-of-smallpox
#4
Ana T Duggan, Maria F Perdomo, Dario Piombino-Mascali, Stephanie Marciniak, Debi Poinar, Matthew V Emery, Jan P Buchmann, Sebastian Duchêne, Rimantas Jankauskas, Margaret Humphreys, G Brian Golding, John Southon, Alison Devault, Jean-Marie Rouillard, Jason W Sahl, Olivier Dutour, Klaus Hedman, Antti Sajantila, Geoffrey L Smith, Edward C Holmes, Hendrik N Poinar
Smallpox holds a unique position in the history of medicine. It was the first disease for which a vaccine was developed and remains the only human disease eradicated by vaccination. Although there have been claims of smallpox in Egypt, India, and China dating back millennia [1-4], the timescale of emergence of the causative agent, variola virus (VARV), and how it evolved in the context of increasingly widespread immunization, have proven controversial [4-9]. In particular, some molecular-clock-based studies have suggested that key events in VARV evolution only occurred during the last two centuries [4-6] and hence in apparent conflict with anecdotal historical reports, although it is difficult to distinguish smallpox from other pustular rashes by description alone...
December 19, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904259/profile-and-outcome-of-sudden-cardiac-arrests-in-the-emergency-department-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#5
Gautham Raja Pandian, Suma Mary Thampi, Nilanchal Chakraborty, Deepthi Kattula, Paul Prabhakar Abhilash Kundavaram
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is one of the common emergencies encountered in the emergency department (ED) of any hospital. Although several studies have reported the predictors of CPR outcome in general, there are limited data from the EDs in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients above 18 years with SCA who were resuscitated in the ED of a tertiary care hospital with an annual census of 60,000 patients between August 2014 and July 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902410/inhibition-of-quorum-sensing-controlled-virulence-factors-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-by-murraya-koenigii-essential-oil-a-study-in-a-caenorhabditis-elegans-infectious-model
#6
P Sankar Ganesh, Ravishankar Vittal Rai
The global emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa poses a major threat in both hospital environments and the community. P. aeruginosa is an opportunistic human pathogen, and it also infects a wide range of model organisms including the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Quorum sensing (QS) mediates cell-to-cell communication in bacteria and has an important role in regulating virulence genes, antibiotic resistance and biofilm formation, which are crucial for establishment of the infection...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855099/cluster-randomised-feasibility-trial-to-improve-the-control-of-hypertension-in-rural-india-chiri-a-study-protocol
#7
Michaela A Riddell, Rohina Joshi, Brian Oldenburg, Clara Chow, K R Thankappan, Ajay Mahal, Nihal Thomas, Velandai K Srikanth, Roger G Evans, Kartik Kalyanram, Kamakshi Kartik, Pallab K Maulik, Simin Arabshahi, R P Varma, Rama K Guggilla, Oduru Suresh, G K Mini, Fabrizio D'Esposito, Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Mohammed Alim, Amanda G Thrift
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is emerging in rural populations of India. Barriers to diagnosis and treatment of hypertension may differ regionally according to economic development. Our main objectives are to estimate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in 3 diverse regions of rural India; identify barriers to diagnosis and treatment in each setting and evaluate the feasibility of a community-based intervention to improve control of hypertension. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study includes 4 main activities: (1) assessment of risk factors, quality of life, socioeconomic position and barriers to changes in lifestyle behaviours in ∼14 500 participants; (2) focus group discussions with individuals with hypertension and indepth interviews with healthcare providers, to identify barriers to control of hypertension; (3) use of a medicines-availability survey to determine the availability, affordability and accessibility of medicines and (4) trial of an intervention provided by Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), comprising group-based education and support for individuals with hypertension to self-manage blood pressure...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762104/a-clinico-epidemiological-profile-of-neuroparalytic-snake-bite-using-low-dose-asv-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-north-india
#8
Prakash Chandra Pandey, Sarita Bajaj, Anubha Srivastava
OBJECTIVE: Snake bite in India is a common medical emergency and an occupational hazard for majority of Indian population especially farmers. Epidemiological data on snake bite from the North India is sparse. Hence we conducted this study to find clinico-epidemiological profile of neuroparalytic snake bite. METHODS: This is a record-based, descriptive study carried out at the Department of Medicine, M.L.N. Medical College and associated Swaroop Rani Nehru Hospital, Allahabad, U...
August 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734638/pattern-of-urinary-antibiograms-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-eastern-india
#9
Nandini Chatterjee, Chandan Chatterjee, Sinjan Ghosh, Mainak Mukhopadhyay, Ramkrishna Brahmachari, Kartik Patar
BACKGROUND: Indiscriminate use of antibiotics in urinary tract infections have led to emergence of 'superbugs' worldwide. Periodical review of antibiograms is of utmost importance for optimum patient benefit. OBJECTIVE: To identify the spectrum of organisms responsible for urinary tract infection and evaluate the pattern of antibiotic sensitivity of the organisms. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from all consecutive patients getting admitted in the medicine indoor irrespective of symptomatology...
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694668/what-can-we-learn-about-the-processes-of-regulation-of-tuberculosis-medicines-from-the-experiences-of-health-policy-and-system-actors-in-india-tanzania-and-zambia
#10
Kabir Sheikh, Mukund Uplekar
BACKGROUND: The unregulated availability and irrational use of tuberculosis (TB) medicines is a major issue of public health concern globally. Governments of many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have committed to regulating the quality and availability of TB medicines, but with variable success. Regulation of TB medicines remains an intractable challenge in many settings, but the reasons for this are poorly understood. The objective of this paper is to elaborate processes of regulation of quality and availability of TB medicines in three LMICs - India, Tanzania, and Zambia - and to understand the factors that constrain and enable these processes...
March 9, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547278/acute-care-needs-in-an-indian-emergency-department-a-retrospective-analysis
#11
Elizabeth G Clark, Jessica Watson, Allison Leemann, Alan H Breaud, Frank G Feeley, James Wolff, Tamorish Kole, Gabrielle A Jacquet
BACKGROUND: Emergencies such as road traffic accidents (RTAs), acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) are the most common causes of death and disability in India. Robust emergency medicine (EM) services and proper education on acute care are necessary. In order to inform curriculum design for training programs, and to improve the quality of EM care in India, a better understanding of patient epidemiology and case burden presenting to the emergency department (ED) is needed...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489407/concepts-in-regenerative-medicine-past-present-and-future-in-articular-cartilage-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Adam W Anz, Asawari Bapat, William D Murrell
Regenerative medicine is emerging with great interest and hope from patients, industry, academia, and medical professionals. Cartilage regeneration, restoration, or repair is one of the prime targets that remains largely unsolved, and many believe that regenerative medicine can possibly deliver solutions that can be widely used to address the current gap(s) in treatment. In the United States, Europe, Australia, and India the regulation of regenerative based treatments has become a big debate. Although the rules and regulations remain unclear, clinicians that are interested should carry-on with the best available guidelines to ensure safety and compliance during delivery in clinical practice to avoid regulatory infraction...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485795/abstracts-from-emcon-2014-international-conference-on-emergency-medicine-16th-annual-conference-by-the-society-for-emergency-medicine-in-india-semi
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2015: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448953/polymorphisms-in-pfcrt-and-pfmdr-1-genes-after-five-years-withdrawal-of-chloroquine-for-the-treatment-of-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-west-bengal-india
#14
Moytrey Chatterjee, Swagata Ganguly, Pabitra Saha, Subhasish Kamal Guha, Nandita Basu, Dilip K Bera, Ardhendu Kumar Maji
BACKGROUND: The emergence of resistant power against different antimalarial agents particularly by Plasmodium falciparum is a challenge to combat malaria. Regular monitoring is essential not only to determine the efficacy and development of resistance by the parasite but also to detect early sign of regaining sensitivity to any anti-malarial agent that has been withdrawn for a long period. Studies on molecular markers associated with antimalarial drug resistance of prevailing Plasmodium population play an important role in this aspect...
October 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364782/case-of-acute-lead-toxicity-associated-with-ayurvedic-supplements
#15
Amelia Breyre, Judith Green-McKenzie
Use of traditional folkloric remedies not disclosed to the physician may be difficult to identify as a source of lead toxicity. This report illustrates the presentation of a 26-year-old man who, during his 1 month vacation in India, was treated for low back pain with Ayurvedic herbal medicine. On his return to the USA, he presented to the emergency department with epigastric pain, weight loss, dark stools, nausea and vomiting. He was admitted and noted to be anaemic with a blood lead level (BLL) of 94.8 µg/dL...
June 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308251/evaluation-of-circulating-haematopoietic-progenitor-cells-in-patients-with-trauma-haemorrhagic-shock-and-its-correlation-with-outcomes
#16
Manoj Kumar, Sanjeev Bhoi, Arulselvi Subramanian, Vineet Kumar Kamal, Sujata Mohanty, D N Rao, Sagar Galwankar
BACKGROUND: Haemorrhagic shock accounts up to 50% of early trauma deaths. Hematopoietic failure has been observed in experimental animals and human following shock and injury. One of the facets of bone marrow failure is multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and is commonly seen in patients recovering from severe trauma and hemorrhagic shock. Bone Marrow (BM) dysfunction is associated with mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) into peripheral blood. Present study explored the association of peripheral blood hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) with mortality in trauma haemorrhagic shock patients (T/HS)...
April 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254064/training-pediatric-emergency-medicine-specialists-in-india-authors-reply
#17
Prashant Mahajan, Prerna Batra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254063/training-pediatric-emergency-medicine-specialists-in-india
#18
Indumathy Santhanam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169110/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-the-cancer-patients-in-northern-india
#19
Dinesh Kumar, Naveen Krishan Goel, Awadhesh Kumar Pandey, Sandeep Singh Sarpal
BACKGROUND: Cancer has emerged as a major public health problem. People often turn to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) when they have a long-lasting problem. CAM is a group of diverse medical and healthcare systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine. The present study was conducted to find prevalence rate of CAM use among cancer patients undergoing allopathic treatment in a health facility and to compare the CAM usage patterns among different subgroups of patients at different stages...
January 2016: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114653/odorless-inhalant-toxic-encephalopathy-in-developing-countries-household-gas-geyser-syndrome
#20
Anish Mehta, Rohan Mahale, Aju Abraham John, Masoom Mirza Abbas, Mahendra Javali, Purushottam Acharya, Srinivasa Rangasetty
BACKGROUND: Liquefied petroleum gas geysers are used very frequently for heating water in developing countries such as India. However, these gas geysers emit various toxic gases; one among them is colorless, odorless carbon monoxide (CO). In the past few years, there were reports of unexplained loss of consciousness in the bathroom. However, the exact cause for these episodes has been recognized as toxic encephalopathy due to toxic gases inhalation mainly CO. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical profile and outcome of patients brought with loss of consciousness in the bathroom while bathing using gas geyser...
April 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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