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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760088/lead-pollution-recorded-in-greenland-ice-indicates-european-emissions-tracked-plagues-wars-and-imperial-expansion-during-antiquity
#1
Joseph R McConnell, Andrew I Wilson, Andreas Stohl, Monica M Arienzo, Nathan J Chellman, Sabine Eckhardt, Elisabeth M Thompson, A Mark Pollard, Jørgen Peder Steffensen
Lead pollution in Arctic ice reflects midlatitude emissions from ancient lead-silver mining and smelting. The few reported measurements have been extrapolated to infer the performance of ancient economies, including comparisons of economic productivity and growth during the Roman Republican and Imperial periods. These studies were based on sparse sampling and inaccurate dating, limiting understanding of trends and specific linkages. Here we show, using a precisely dated record of estimated lead emissions between 1100 BCE and 800 CE derived from subannually resolved measurements in Greenland ice and detailed atmospheric transport modeling, that annual European lead emissions closely varied with historical events, including imperial expansion, wars, and major plagues...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740547/intensification-of-the-education-of-public-health-hygiene-and-martial-arts-during-the-japanese-colonial-period-1937-1945
#2
REVIEW
Eui-Ryong Hwang, Tae-Young Kim
This study intended to examine the process of development and intensification of martial arts education in schools of Chosun as courses of health, hygiene, and physical education implemented by the Japanese colonial government that ruled Chosun during the period of 'Second Sino-Japanese War' from 1937 to 1945. During this period, the Japanese colonial government established the 'Imperial Subjects' Gymnastics,' elaborated on the education of health and hygiene in order to lay the foundations for the strengthening of war potential, and intensified the theoretical education and practice of martial arts as an effective means therefore...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728447/investigating-the-association-of-alerts-from-a-national-mortality-surveillance-system-with-subsequent-hospital-mortality-in-england-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#3
Elizabeth Cecil, Alex Bottle, Aneez Esmail, Samantha Wilkinson, Charles Vincent, Paul P Aylin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between alerts from a national hospital mortality surveillance system and subsequent trends in relative risk of mortality. BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in performance monitoring in the NHS. Since 2007, Imperial College London has generated monthly mortality alerts, based on statistical process control charts and using routinely collected hospital administrative data, for all English acute NHS hospital trusts...
May 4, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723428/dulcie-coleman-a-pioneer-of-cytology-in-the-uk-and-europe
#4
EDITORIAL
Amanda Herbert
We sadly announce the death earlier this year of Professor Dulcie V Coleman, the driving force behind the publication of Cytopathology in 1990 and pioneer of cytology in the UK and throughout Europe (Figure 1). She died peacefully in Naples, Florida on Sunday 4th February 2018 surrounded by her family including her husband of 60 years (Jack Poznansky), their four children and two of their 13 grandchildren several of whom contributed to her academic work and publications. She had moved to Florida to be nearer much of her family but returned regularly to continue her work at Imperial College...
May 3, 2018: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702200/long-term-neurological-and-neuropsychological-complications-of-sulfur-mustard-and-lewisite-mixture-poisoning-in-chinese-victims-exposed-to-chemical-warfare-agents-abandoned-at-the-end-of-wwii
#5
O Isono, A Kituda, M Fujii, T Yoshinaka, G Nakagawa, Y Suzuki
In August 2003, 44 victims were poisoned by chemical warfare agents (CWAs) leaked from five drums that were excavated at a construction site in Qiqihar, Northeast China. The drums were abandoned by the former Japanese imperial army during World War II and contained a mixture of Sulfur mustard (SM) and Lewisite. We carried out a total of six regular check-ups between 2006 and 2014, and from 2008 we added neurological evaluations including neuropsychological test and autonomic nervous function test in parallel with medical follow-up as much as was possible...
April 24, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696056/from-the-black-atlantic-to-the-bleak-pacific-re-reading-benito-cereno
#6
Alexandra Ganser
Herman Melville's novella "Benito Cereno" (1855/56) is one of the best-studied texts both within Melville's oeuvre and nineteenth-century American literature in general. In recent decades, its puzzling structure and fragmented narrative perspective as well as its symbolism and themes have been subject to critical scrutiny mostly in the context of inquiries into the text's racial politics regarding the institution of slavery. More specifically, the canonical tale about a slave uprising on the ship San Dominick , its detection by a Massachusetts-born captain and its consequences, has been discussed in the context of Paul Gilroy's black Atlantic paradigm...
2018: Atlantic Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689847/reexamination-of-the-identity-and-status-of-the-termite-taxa-described-by-czerwinski-1901-from-southern-brazil-isoptera-termitidae
#7
Reginaldo Constantino
Czerwinski (1901) (sometimes spelled Tscherwinsky) described four new termite taxa in a publication about the termite collection of the former Zoological Cabinet of the Imperial Warsaw University (currently Museum and Institute of Zoology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, MZPW): Eutermes burmeisteri and Eutermes rippertii iheringi from southern Brazil, Eutermes canariensis from the Canary Islands, and Eutermes nasonovi from Madagascar.
January 10, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669407/psychiatric-sequelae-of-former-comfort-women-survivors-of-the-japanese-military-sexual-slavery-during-world-war-ii
#8
REVIEW
Jeewon Lee, Young-Sook Kwak, Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Ji Kim, E Jin Park, Yunmi Shin, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Inseon Lee, Jung Im Hwang, Dongsik Kim, Soyoung Irene Lee
"Comfort women" refers to young women and girls who were forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese military during World War II. They were abducted from their homes in countries under Imperial Japanese rule, mostly from Korea, and the rest from China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Netherlands, etc. "Comfort women" endured extreme trauma involving rape, sexual torture, physical abuse, starvation, threats of death, and witnessed many others being tortured and killed...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667172/mapping-the-origins-of-imperial-roman-workers-1st-4th-century-ce-at-vagnari-southern-italy-using-87-sr-86-sr-and-%C3%AE-18-o-variability
#9
Matthew V Emery, Robert J Stark, Tyler J Murchie, Spencer Elford, Henry P Schwarcz, Tracy L Prowse
OBJECTIVES: We obtained the oxygen and strontium isotope composition of teeth from Roman period (1st to 4th century CE) inhabitants buried in the Vagnari cemetery (Southern Italy), and present the first strontium isotope variation map of the Italian peninsula using previously published data sets and new strontium data. We test the hypothesis that the Vagnari population was predominantly composed of local individuals, instead of migrants originating from abroad. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the oxygen (18 O/16 O) and strontium (87 Sr/86 Sr) isotope composition of 43 teeth...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666168/-we-have-a-rich-heritage-and-we-believe-a-bright-future-how-transnational-tobacco-companies-are-using-twitter-to-oppose-policy-and-shape-their-public-identity
#10
Christina Watts, Marita Hefler, Becky Freeman
BACKGROUND: The tobacco industry has a long history of opposing tobacco control policy and promoting socially responsible business practices. With the rise of social media platforms, like Twitter, the tobacco industry is enabled to readily and easily communicate these messages. METHODS: All tweets published by the primary corporate Twitter accounts of British American Tobacco (BAT), Imperial Brands PLC (Imperial), Philip Morris International (PMI) and Japan Tobacco International (JTI) were downloaded in May 2017 and manually coded under 30 topic categories...
April 17, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656850/bradyrhizobium-algeriense-sp-nov-a-novel-species-isolated-from-effective-nodules-of-retama-sphaerocarpa-from-northeastern-algeria
#11
Hadjira Ahnia, Yasmina Bourebaba, David Durán, Farida Boulila, José M Palacios, Luis Rey, Tomás Ruiz-Argüeso, Abdelghani Boulila, Juan Imperial
We have characterized genetic, phenotypic and symbiotic properties of bacterial strains previously isolated from nitrogen-fixing nodules of Retama sphaerocarpa from Northern Algeria. Phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA genes and three concatenated housekeeping genes, recA, atpD and glnII, placed them in a new divergent group that is proposed to form a new Bradyrhizobium species, Bradyrhizobium algeriense sp. nov. (type strain RST89T , LMG 27618 and CECT 8363). Based on these phylogenetic markers and on genomic identity data derived from draft genomic sequences, Bradyrhizobium valentinum LmjM3T , Bradyrhizobium lablabi CCBAU 23086T , Bradyrhizobium retamae Ro19T , and Bradyrhizobium jicamae PAC68T are the closest relatives of B...
April 4, 2018: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651981/lamotrigine-for-people-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-rct
#12
Mike J Crawford, Rahil Sanatinia, Barbara Barrett, Gillian Cunningham, Oliver Dale, Poushali Ganguli, Geoff Lawrence-Smith, Verity C Leeson, Fenella Lemonsky, Georgia Lykomitrou-Matthews, Alan Montgomery, Richard Morriss, Jasna Munjiza, Carol Paton, Iwona Skorodzien, Vineet Singh, Wei Tan, Peter Tyrer, Joseph G Reilly
BACKGROUND: No drug treatments are currently licensed for the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Despite this, people with this condition are frequently prescribed psychotropic medications and often with considerable polypharmacy. Preliminary studies have indicated that mood stabilisers may be of benefit to people with BPD. OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lamotrigine for people with BPD. DESIGN: A two-arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled individually randomised trial of lamotrigine versus placebo...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625300/effects-of-elevated-ozone-concentration-and-nitrogen-addition-on-ammonia-stomatal-compensation-point-in-a-poplar-clone
#13
Wen Xu, Bo Shang, Yansen Xu, Xiangyang Yuan, Anthony J Dore, Yuanhong Zhao, Raia-Silvia Massad, Zhaozhong Feng
The stomatal compensation point of ammonia (χs ) is a key factor controlling plant-atmosphere NH3 exchange, which is dependent on the nitrogen (N) supply and varies among plant species. However, knowledge gaps remain concerning the effects of elevated atmospheric N deposition and ozone (O3 ) on χs for forest species, resulting in large uncertainties in the parameterizations of NH3 incorporated into atmospheric chemistry and transport models (CTMs). Here, we present leaf-scale measurements of χs for hybrid poplar clone '546' (Populusdeltoides cv...
April 3, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606571/structural-analysis-and-antioxidant-activity-of-the-glycoside-from-imperial-chrysanthemum
#14
Zhen-Yuan Zhu, Li-Chao Pan, Yun-Tang, Yong-Min Zhang
A new glycoside, named as CG-1, was separated from Imperial Chrysanthemum with silica gel column chromatography. The purity was detected by TLC and HPLC. The crystal shape of CG-1 was consisting of a quadrangular and two rectangular pyramids. The analysis of DSC and TGA showed that the melting point of CG-1 crystal was 150.22 °C and had good thermal stability. The monosaccharide conformation analysis showed that it was d-glucose. The structure characteristics were compared by FT-IR, NMR spectroscopy and LC-MS and a molecular structure has been deduced which consistent with spectroscopic results...
March 22, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605206/the-100-most-influential-publications-in-asthma-from-1960-to-2017-a-bibliometric-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Yulan Qu, Chen Zhang, Zhenli Hu, Sha Li, Chen Kong, Yunye Ning, Yan Shang, Chong Bai
BACKGROUND: The area of asthma medicine has produced a large volume of important clinical and scientific papers that can be found in those most influential journals. The purpose of our study was to identify the 100 most cited papers in asthma research and to analyze their characteristics. METHODS: We used the Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge Database to identify the most frequently cited articles published from 1960 to December 2017. Original articles and reviews were included in the study...
April 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579984/inter-correlation-of-apple-firmness-determinations-and-development-of-cross-validated-regression-models-for-prediction-of-sensory-attributes-from-instrumental-and-compositional-analyses
#16
Margaret A Cliff, Masoumeh Bejaei
The texture of apples is paramount for determining fruit quality. This research explored the correlations among firmness determinations from the Sinclair iQ™ Firmness Tester (SiQ™), the Aweta Acoustic Firmness Sensor (AFS), and eight measurements from the Mohr Digi-Test-2 (MDT) instrument. Assessments were conducted on a collection of nine apple cultivars (Ambrosia, Aurora Golden Gala™, Honeycrisp, Fuji, Imperial Gala, McIntosh, Pink Lady™, Silken, Salish™), with a broad range of firmness values, in each of two years...
April 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569969/implementation-of-team-based-learning-on-a-large-scale-three-factors-to-keep-in-mind
#17
Preman Rajalingam, Jerome I Rotgans, Nabil Zary, Michael Alan Ferenczi, Paul Gagnon, Naomi Low-Beer
Team-based learning (TBL) is a structured form of small group learning that can be scaled up for delivery in large classes. The principles of successful TBL implementation are well established. TBL has become widely practiced in medical schools, but its use is typically limited to certain courses or parts of courses. Implementing TBL on a large scale, across different courses and disciplines, is the next logical step. The Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine (LKCMedicine), a partnership between Nanyang Technological University, Singapore and Imperial College London, admitted its first students in 2013...
March 23, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568516/development-of-a-patient-centred-intervention-to-improve-knowledge-and-understanding-of-antibiotic-therapy-in-secondary-care
#18
Timothy M Rawson, Luke S P Moore, Enrique Castro-Sanchez, Esmita Charani, Bernard Hernandez, Vivian Alividza, Fran Husson, Christofer Toumazou, Raheelah Ahmad, Pantelis Georgiou, Alison H Holmes
Background: We developed a personalised antimicrobial information module co-designed with patients. This study aimed to evaluate the potential impact of this patient-centred intervention on short-term knowledge and understanding of antimicrobial therapy in secondary care. Methods: Thirty previous patients who had received antibiotics in hospital within 12 months were recruited to co-design an intervention to promote patient engagement with infection management...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554303/-might-imperial-caesar-dead-and-turned-to-clay-stop-a-hole-to-keep-the-wind-away
#19
Domenico D'Amario, Antonino Buffon, Sonia D'Arrigo, Francesca Lassandro Pepe, Filippo Crea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543726/combining-community-engagement-and-scientific-approaches-in-next-generation-monitor-siting-the-case-of-the-imperial-county-community-air-network
#20
Michelle Wong, Esther Bejarano, Graeme Carvlin, Katie Fellows, Galatea King, Humberto Lugo, Michael Jerrett, Dan Meltzer, Amanda Northcross, Luis Olmedo, Edmund Seto, Alexa Wilkie, Paul English
Air pollution continues to be a global public health threat, and the expanding availability of small, low-cost air sensors has led to increased interest in both personal and crowd-sourced air monitoring. However, to date, few low-cost air monitoring networks have been developed with the scientific rigor or continuity needed to conduct public health surveillance and inform policy. In Imperial County, California, near the U.S./Mexico border, we used a collaborative, community-engaged process to develop a community air monitoring network that attains the scientific rigor required for research, while also achieving community priorities...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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