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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142117/long-necks-enhance-and-constrain-foraging-capacity-in-aquatic-vertebrates
#1
Rory P Wilson, Agustina Gómez-Laich, Juan-Emilio Sala, Giacomo Dell'Omo, Mark D Holton, Flavio Quintana
Highly specialized diving birds display substantial dichotomy in neck length with, for example, cormorants and anhingas having extreme necks, while penguins and auks have minimized necks. We attached acceleration loggers to Imperial cormorants Phalacrocorax atriceps and Magellanic penguins Spheniscus magellanicus, both foraging in waters over the Patagonian Shelf, to examine the difference in movement between their respective heads and bodies in an attempt to explain this dichotomy. The penguins had head and body attitudes and movements that broadly concurred throughout all phases of their dives...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139620/changing-patterns-in-water-toxicity-associated-with-current-use-pesticides-in-three-california-agriculture-regions
#2
Brian S Anderson, Bryn M Phillips, Jennifer P Voorhees, Xin Deng, Jeff Geraci, Karen Worcester, Ron S Tjeerdema
Regulation of agriculture irrigation water discharges in California is assessed and controlled by its nine Regional Water Quality Control Boards under the jurisdiction of the California State Water Resources Control Board. Each Regional Water Board has developed programs to control pesticides in runoff as part of the waste discharge requirements implemented through each Region's Irrigated Lands Regulatory Program. This study assessed how pesticide use patterns differ in the Imperial (Imperial County), Salinas and Santa Maria (Monterey County) valleys, which host three of California's prime agriculture areas...
November 15, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134102/imperial-trophy-or-island-relict-a-new-extinction-paradigm-for-p%C3%A3-re-david-s-deer-a-chinese-conservation-icon
#3
Samuel T Turvey, Ian Barnes, Melissa Marr, Selina Brace
Determining the 'dynamic biogeography' of range collapse in threatened species is essential for effective conservation, but reconstruction of spatio-temporal patterns of population vulnerability and resilience can require use of non-standard ecological data such as historical archives. Père David's deer or milu, one of the few living mammal species that has become extinct in the wild, is historically known only from a small captive herd of unknown provenance that survived until 1900 in the Imperial Hunting Park near Beijing, from which all living individuals are descended...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114865/the-politics-of-nationalism-and-white-racism-in-the-uk
#4
Magne Flemmen, Mike Savage
This paper considers the contemporary significance of white racism and its association with nationalist sentiment amongst a cohort late middle aged white Britons, using survey responses and qualitative interviews from the 1958 National Child Development Study. We have shown that although overt racism is very limited, a substantial minority of white Britons display ambivalent feelings which have the potential to be mobilised in racist directions. We argue against the view that disadvantaged white working class respondents are especially xenophobic, and show that racist views are not strongly associated with social position...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103656/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-stable-angina-orbita-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Rasha Al-Lamee, David Thompson, Hakim-Moulay Dehbi, Sayan Sen, Kare Tang, John Davies, Thomas Keeble, Michael Mielewczik, Raffi Kaprielian, Iqbal S Malik, Sukhjinder S Nijjer, Ricardo Petraco, Christopher Cook, Yousif Ahmad, James Howard, Christopher Baker, Andrew Sharp, Robert Gerber, Suneel Talwar, Ravi Assomull, Jamil Mayet, Roland Wensel, David Collier, Matthew Shun-Shin, Simon A Thom, Justin E Davies, Darrel P Francis
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic relief is the primary goal of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in stable angina and is commonly observed clinically. However, there is no evidence from blinded, placebo-controlled randomised trials to show its efficacy. METHODS: ORBITA is a blinded, multicentre randomised trial of PCI versus a placebo procedure for angina relief that was done at five study sites in the UK. We enrolled patients with severe (≥70%) single-vessel stenoses...
November 1, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102407/physical-and-kinematic-properties-of-cryopreserved-camel-sperm-after-elimination-of-semen-viscosity-by-different-techniques
#6
Khalid El-Bahrawy, Sherif Rateb, Marwa Khalifa, Davide Monaco, Giovanni Lacalandra
This investigation aimed to determine the influence of using different techniques for liquefaction of semen on post-thaw physical and dynamic characteristics of camel spermatozoa. A total of 144 ejaculates were collected from 3 adult camels, Camelus dromedarius, twice-weekly over 3 consecutive breeding seasons. A raw aliquot of each ejaculate was evaluated for physical and morphological properties, whereas the remaining portion was diluted (1:3) with glycerolated Tris lactose egg yolk extender, and was further subjected to one of the following liquefaction treatments: control (untreated), 5μl/ml α-amylase, 0...
October 31, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090914/structure-and-biological-activity-of-a-turripeptide-from-unedogemmula-bisaya-venom
#7
Carla A Omaga, Louie D Carpio, Julita S Imperial, Norelle L Daly, Joanna Gajewiak, Malem S Flores, Samuel S Espino, Sean Christensen, Olena M Filchakova, Estuardo López-Vera, Shrinivasan Raghuraman, Baldomero M Olivera, Gisela P Concepcion
The turripeptide ubi3a was isolated from the venom of the marine gastropod Unedogemmula bisaya, family Turridae, by bioassay-guided purification; both native and synthetic ubi3a elicited prolonged tremors when injected intracranially into mice. The sequence of the peptide, DCCOCOAGAVRCRFACC-NH2 (O = 4-hydroxyproline) follows the framework III pattern for cysteines (CC-C-C-CC) in the M-superfamily of conopeptides. The three-dimensional structure determined by NMR spectroscopy indicated a disulfide connectivity that is not found in conopeptides with the cysteine framework III: C1-C4, C2-C6, C3-C5...
November 1, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072312/stable-isotope-analysis-of-a-pre-hispanic-andean-community-reconstructing-pre-wari-and-wari-era-diets-in-the-hinterland-of-the-wari-empire-peru
#8
Tiffiny A Tung, Kelly J Knudson
OBJECTIVES: Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis is used to reconstruct diet among a pre-Hispanic population from the Peruvian Andes to evaluate whether local foodways changed with Wari imperial influence in the region. This study also compares local diet to other Wari-era sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples derive from the site of Beringa in Peru and correspond primarily to pre-Wari (200-600 CE) and Wari (600-1,000 CE). We examine stable carbon isotopes from enamel (n = 29) and bone apatite (n = 22), and stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes from bone collagen (n = 29), and we present stable carbon and nitrogen isotope data on archaeological and modern fauna (n = 37) and plants (n = 19) from the region...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071491/correction-to-iris-study-a-phase-ii-study-of-the-steroid-sulfatase-inhibitor-irosustat-when-added-to-an-aromatase-inhibitor-in-er-positive-breast-cancer-patients
#9
Carlo Palmieri, Rob C Stein, Xinxue Liu, Emma Hudson, Hanna Nicholas, Hironobu Sasano, Fouzia Guestini, Chris Holcombe, Sophie Barrett, Laura Kenny, Sadie Reed, Adrian Lim, Larry Hayward, Sacha Howell, R Charles Coombes
In the original publication of the article, a part of acknowledgement section was missed out. The omitted acknowledgement is given below: 'The study was coordinated by the Imperial Clinical Trials Unit-Cancer, Imperial College London and Sponsored by Imperial College London. The Imperial Clinical Trials Unit receives funding from the National Institute for Health (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre based at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust and Imperial College London. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health...
October 25, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069506/-irish-roman-catholic-which-upsets-all-the-people-here-michael-mcdonnell-and-british-colonial-justice-in-mandatory-palestine-1927-1936
#10
Simon Davis
In 1927 Michael McDonnell, a diasporic Irish Catholic, was appointed Mandatory Palestine's Chief Justice, being directed to institute firm British-style legal-judicial foundations for future self-governance. This entailed common, equal status for Arab and Jewish Palestinians, implicitly de-privileging the Jewish National Home. McDonnell was resisted in this by the British Mandate's Anglo-Jewish, pro-Zionist Attorney General, Norman Bentwich. McDonnell prevailed but only at the cost of being characterized lastingly as a pro-Arab, Catholic anti-Semite...
October 23, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048498/the-nhli-at-imperial-college-london
#11
Sian Harding, Dorian Haskard, Kim Fox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042393/effects-of-polyethylene-glycol-2-l-alone-or-with-ascorbic-acid-compared-with-polyethylene-glycol-4-l-alone-for-bowel-preparation-before-colonoscopy-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#12
Xu Tian, Wei-Qing Chen, Jie-Li Huang, Lan-Ying He, Bang-Lun Liu, Xi Liu, Hang Zhou, Bing-Rong Liu
INTRODUCTION: Colonoscopy has been regarded as a standard method of detecting and removing gastrointestinal lesions early, while adequate bowel preparation is the prerequisite of determining the diagnostic accuracy and treatment safety of this process. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) based bowel preparation regimens remain the first recommendation, but the optimal option is still uncertain. The aim of this systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is to determine the optimal PEG based bowel preparation regimen before colonoscopy...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036498/british-widows-of-the-south-african-war-and-the-origins-of-war-widows-pensions
#13
Eliza Riedi
The South African War of 1899-1902 cost the lives of 22,000 British and colonial soldiers and created almost 5,000 British war widows. It was in this context that the first state pensions for the widows of rank and file soldiers were introduced in 1901. Triggered by unexpectedly high casualty rates and widespread dissatisfaction with charitable provision, the introduction of state pensions also reflected changing public attitudes towards soldiers and their dependants in the context of an imperial war. Dismissed in the historiography as insignificant because of its low rates and restrictive eligibility clauses, the 1901 scheme in fact delivered pensions to the majority of war widows and made the Edwardian state their most important source of financial support...
September 23, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027096/new-innovations-in-drug-eluting-stents-for-peripheral-arterial-disease
#14
REVIEW
Roi Altit, William A Gray
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper was to provide a review of the burden of peripheral arterial disease; to examine older therapies and their limitations; and especially to highlight new treatment innovations as well as the data supporting their use. RECENT FINDINGS: Building on the success of paclitaxel in the prevention of restenosis in the peripheral circulation, the newest generation drug-eluting stent is presented, which combines paclitaxel with a polymer-allowing the drug to be eluted slowly over 12 months...
October 12, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019607/-european-representations-of-birth-control-and-abortions-in-islamic-societies-and-harems-in-the-modern-period
#15
Marina Juliana de Oliveira Soares
Throughout the modern period, Islamic women (whether they lived in palaces or normal houses) resorted to measures to prevent conception or to induce abortion when pregnancy occurred. They used herbs and abortifacient drugs or relied on help from other women to eliminate unwanted pregnancies. Such practices were recorded by Europeans - in some cases, doctors - who traveled to Islamic regions and described these scenes in their narratives. In addition to abortions, infanticide was also observed in the imperial palaces...
July 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019456/introduction-paving-the-old-new-way-from-qing-to-china
#16
Ori Sela
The funeral procession of Sheng Xuanhuai (, 1844-1916) - the renowned Qing scholar-official, financier, and "father of Chinese industrialism" - meandered through the streets of Shanghai on 18 November 1917. The funeral was a grand event, one that was purportedly documented in film, later to be distributed as the first "news short-film" () in China. The North China Herald reported on the event in some detail, at times in rather florid language, and suggested that "the cortege was splendid and impressive, bringing back the days of the Manchu emperors...
September 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018162/clinical-utility-of-amyloid-pet-imaging-with-18-f-florbetapir-a-retrospective-study-of-100-patients
#17
Christopher James Carswell, Zarni Win, Kirsty Muckle, Angus Kennedy, Adam Waldman, Gemma Dawe, Tara D Barwick, Sameer Khan, Paresh A Malhotra, Richard J Perry
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Amyloid-positron emission tomography (PET) imaging (API) detects amyloid-beta pathology early in the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD) with high sensitivity and specificity. (18)F-florbetapir (Amyvid) is an amyloid-binding PET ligand with a half-life suitable for clinical use outside of the research setting. How API affects patient investigation and management in the 'real-world' arena is unknown. To address this, we retrospectively documented the effect of API in patients in the memory clinic...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018153/prednisolone-has-the-same-cardiovascular-risk-profile-as-hydrocortisone-in-glucocorticoid-replacement
#18
David J F Smith, Hemanth Prabhudev, Sirazum Choudhury, Karim Meeran
INTRODUCTION: Patients who need glucocorticoid replacement in both primary and secondary adrenal insufficiency (AI) have the choice of either once-daily prednisolone or thrice-daily hydrocortisone. A recent European study found no difference between prednisolone and hydrocortisone users in several markers including glucose, weight, body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and waist circumference, although an increase in cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) was suggested in a subgroup of these patients...
November 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982162/mycotoxin-profiling-of-1000-beer-samples-with-a-special-focus-on-craft-beer
#19
Jeroen Peters, Ruud van Dam, Ronald van Doorn, David Katerere, Franz Berthiller, Willem Haasnoot, Michel W F Nielen
Currently beer is booming, mainly due to the steady rise of craft breweries worldwide. Previous surveys for occurrence of mycotoxins in beer, were mainly focussed on industrial produced beer. The present survey reports the presence of mycotoxins in craft beer and how this compares to industrial produced beer. More than 1000 beers were collected from 47 countries, of which 60% were craft beers. A selection of 1000 samples were screened for the presence of aflatoxin B1, ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZEN), fumonisins (FBs), T-2 and HT-2 toxins (T-2 and HT-2) and deoxynivalenol (DON) using a mycotoxin 6-plex immunoassay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976437/knee-arthroscopy-simulation-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-the-imperial-knee-arthroscopy-cognitive-task-analysis-ikacta-tool
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rahul Bhattacharyya, Donald J Davidson, Kapil Sugand, Matthew J Bartlett, Rajarshi Bhattacharya, Chinmay M Gupte
BACKGROUND: Virtual-reality and cadaveric simulations are expensive and not readily accessible. Innovative and accessible training adjuncts are required to help to meet training needs. Cognitive task analysis has been used extensively to train pilots and in other surgical specialties. However, the use of cognitive task analyses within orthopaedics is in its infancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a novel cognitive task analysis tool to train novice surgeons in diagnostic knee arthroscopy in high-fidelity, phantom-limb simulation...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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