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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062461/diverse-bacteria-affiliated-with-the-genera-microvirga-phyllobacterium-and-bradyrhizobium-nodulate-lupinus-micranthus-growing-in-soils-of-northern-tunisia
#1
Abdelhakim Msaddak, David Durán, Mokhtar Rejili, Mohamed Mars, Tomás Ruiz-Argüeso, Juan Imperial, José Palacios, Luis Rey
: The genetic diversity of bacterial populations nodulating Lupinus micranthus in five geographical sites from Northern Tunisia was examined. Phylogenetic analyses of fifty isolates based on recA and gyrB gene partial sequences grouped strains in seven clusters, five of which belong to genus Bradyrhizobium (28 isolates), one to Phyllobacterium (2 isolates), and one, remarkably, to Microvirga (20 isolates). The largest Bradyrhizobium cluster (17 isolates) grouped with the B. lupini species and the other five clusters were close to different, recently defined Bradyrhizobium species...
January 6, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035124/your-epoch-is-not-for-trying-it-s-for-living-and-for-dying
#2
Leonid P Churilov
The article is devoted to biographies of three Russian physicians of the Silver Age (a period in the History of Russian culture between 1890 and 1917). They made early, significant and internationally recognized contribution into medical science and became eponymous, although social disasters of the twentieth century caused deep impact on their subsequent lives and careers, so their role was shadowed from global medical community. The article analyzes biographies and academic achievements of A-F.K. Siewert (aka: Zivert, Ziwert, von Siewert) (1872-1922), known for first description of the hereditary dyskinesia of cilia (as a triad of: situs inversus of the viscera, abnormal frontal sinuses producing sinusitis and bronchiectasis); S...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025915/field-station-as-stage-re-enacting-scientific-work-and-life-in-amani-tanzania
#3
P Wenzel Geissler, Ann H Kelly
Located high in Tanzania's Usambara Mountains, Amani Hill Station has been a site of progressive scientific endeavours for over a century, pushing the boundaries of botanical, zoological and medical knowledge, and providing expertise for imperial expansion, colonial welfare, national progress and international development efforts. The station's heyday was from the 1950s to the 1970s, a period of global disease eradication campaigns and the 'Africanization' of science. Today, Amani lies in a state of suspended motion...
December 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018315/addressing-the-antibiotic-resistance-problem-with-probiotics-reducing-the-risk-of-its-double-edged-sword-effect
#4
REVIEW
Ivan C V J Imperial, Joyce A Ibana
Antibiotic resistance is a global public health problem that requires our attention. Indiscriminate antibiotic use is a major contributor in the introduction of selective pressures in our natural environments that have significantly contributed in the rapid emergence of antibiotic-resistant microbial strains. The use of probiotics in lieu of antibiotic therapy to address certain health conditions in both animals and humans may alleviate these antibiotic-mediated selective pressures. Probiotic use is defined as the actual application of live beneficial microbes to obtain a desired outcome by preventing diseased state or improving general health...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011775/metabosignal-a-network-based-approach-for-topological-analysis-of-metabotype-regulation-via-metabolic-and-signaling-pathways
#5
Andrea Rodriguez-Martinez, Rafael Ayala, Joram M Posma, Ana L Neves, Dominique Gauguier, Jeremy K Nicholson, Marc-Emmanuel Dumas
: MetaboSignal is an R package that allows merging metabolic and signaling pathways reported in the Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). It is a network-based approach designed to navigate through topological relationships between genes (signaling- or metabolic-genes) and metabolites, representing a powerful tool to investigate the genetic landscape of metabolic phenotypes. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: MetaboSignal is available from Bioconductor: https://bioconductor...
December 22, 2016: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998339/juanita-de-barros%C3%A2-and-sean-stilwell%C3%A2-eds-public-health-and-the-imperial-project-trenton-nj-african-world-press-2016-pp-v-262-29-95-paperback-isbn-978-1592215331
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993774/kodama-an-r-package-for-knowledge-discovery-and-data-mining
#7
Stefano Cacciatore, Leonardo Tenori, Claudio Luchinat, Phillip R Bennett, David A MacIntyre
: KODAMA, a novel learning algorithm for unsupervised feature extraction, is specifically designed for analysing noisy and high-dimensional datasets. Here we present an R package of the algorithm with additional functions that allow improved interpretation of high-dimensional data. The package requires no additional software and runs on all major platforms. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: KODAMA is freely available from the R archive CRAN (http://cran.r-project...
December 19, 2016: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974872/studies-on-exercise-physiology-and-performance-testing-of-racehorses-performed-in-japan-during-the-1930s-using-recovery-rate-as-an-index
#8
Atsushi Hiraga, Shigeru Sugano
The history of research on the exercise physiology of racehorses in Japan dates back to the 1930s. A research report entitled "Studies on exercise physiology and performance testing of the racehorse", published in 1933 by Shigeo Matsuba and Torao Shimamura of The University of Tokyo, was epoch-making and the most important study in the history of equine exercise physiology in Japan. Research results were reported from 92 Thoroughbred racehorses in a large-scale project during the period of 1928 to 1932 at the Shimofusa Imperial Farm and the Koiwai Farm, which were the two greatest racehorse farms at that time...
2016: Journal of Equine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936427/an-observed-rise-in-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-associated-deaths-in-london-evidence-to-suggest-a-possible-link-with-concomitant-rise-in-chemsex
#9
Joanna Hockenhull, Kevin G Murphy, Sue Paterson
BACKGROUND: Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is the drug most linked to acute harm out of those used in chemsex, the incidence of which is reported to be increasing. However, there have been few systematic studies of the harms associated with GHB use. We investigated GHB-associated deaths from London coroners' jurisdictions between 2011 and 2015. METHODS: Blood and urine samples were collected by pathologists and submitted for toxicological analysis at the request of coroners...
December 2, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927145/the-razor-s-edge-australian-rock-music-impairs-men-s-performance-when-pretending-to-be-a-surgeon
#10
Daisy Fancourt, Thomas Mw Burton, Aaron Williamon
OBJECTIVE: Over the past few decades there has been interest in the role of music in the operating theatre. However, despite many reported benefits, a number of potentially harmful effects of music have been identified. This study aimed to explore the effects of rock and classical music on surgical speed, accuracy and perceived distraction when performing multiorgan resection in the board game Operation. DESIGN: Single-blind, three-arm, randomised controlled trial...
December 12, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925557/-don-t-be-afraid-of-failure
#11
(no author information available yet)
Venetia Wynter-Blyth has worked in oncology for 15 years. She spent 12 years as an upper gastrointestinal (GI) clinical nurse specialist before taking up her current post as Macmillan nurse consultant in upper GI cancers at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust in London. She was named RCN Nurse of the Year 2016 for creating PREPARE, a holistic 'prehabilitation' self-management programme for people with cancer who require surgery.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923309/-make-your-opportunities
#12
Layla Haidrani
What is your job? I am a clinical research nurse for neurosurgery, emergency and trauma at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London. My role involves supporting research in neurosurgery, emergency and trauma care. I offer guidance at all stages of the research process, from project conception to output.
December 7, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870810/neonatal-group-b-streptococcus-infections-prevention-strategies-clinical-and-microbiologic-characteristics-in-7-years-of-surveillance
#13
Roberta Creti, Monica Imperi, Alberto Berardi, Marco Pataracchia, Simona Recchia, Giovanna Alfarone, Lucilla Baldassarri
BACKGROUND: The characteristics of group B streptococcus (GBS) neonatal disease in a period of 7 years are reported. METHODS: The estimation of the neonatal GBS disease risk and prevention strategies adopted at delivery in absence of national guidelines were evaluated by the analysis of 3501 questionnaires. Notification of 194 neonatal GBS infections was recorded. In addition, 115 strains from neonatal early and late onset disease (EOD and LOD, respectively) plus 320 strains from pregnant women were analyzed by molecular typing methods and for antibiotic resistance...
November 18, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869040/natural-or-artificial-multi-analytical-study-of-a-scagliola-from-estoi-palace-simulating-imperial-red-porphyry
#14
Maria Teresa Freire, António Santos Silva, Maria do Rosário Veiga, Jorge de Brito, Frank Schlütter
In this paper the characterization of a gypsum plaster sample from the end of the 19th century simulating imperial red porphyry using a multi-analytical approach is presented and discussed. The results of X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TGA-DTA), physical and mechanical properties are summarized. In order to have further insight into the microstructure, polarized light microscopy (PLM), scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (SEM-EDS), and micro Raman spectroscopy analyzes were also made...
December 2016: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865535/intratympanic-methylprednisolone-versus-gentamicin-in-patients-with-unilateral-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-a-randomised-double-blind-comparative-effectiveness-trial
#15
Mitesh Patel, Kiran Agarwal, Qadeer Arshad, Mohamed Hariri, Peter Rea, Barry M Seemungal, John F Golding, Jonny P Harcourt, Adolfo M Bronstein
BACKGROUND: Ménière's disease is characterised by severe vertigo attacks and hearing loss. Intratympanic gentamicin, the standard treatment for refractory Ménière's disease, reduces vertigo, but damages vestibular function and can worsen hearing. We aimed to assess whether intratympanic administration of the corticosteroid methylprednisolone reduces vertigo compared with gentamicin. METHODS: In this double-blind comparative effectiveness trial, patients aged 18-70 years with refractory unilateral Ménière's disease were enrolled at Charing Cross Hospital (London, UK) and Leicester Royal Infirmary (Leicester, UK)...
December 3, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861025/vaccines-in-pregnancy-matimms
#16
(no author information available yet)
This app was developed by researchers and clinicians at Imperial College London and Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust after concern about the low uptake of vaccines among pregnant women.
November 2, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853133/genetic-trail-for-the-early-migrations-of-aisin-gioro-the-imperial-house-of-the-qing-dynasty
#17
Lan-Hai Wei, Shi Yan, Ge Yu, Yun-Zhi Huang, Da-Li Yao, Shi-Lin Li, Li Jin, Hui Li
The House of Aisin Gioro, the imperial clan of Qing dynasty (1644-1911), affected the history of China and the formation of Manchu ethnicity greatly. However, owing to the lack of historical records and archeological evidences, the origin of the House of Aisin Gioro remains ambiguous. To clarify the origin of Aisin Gioro clan, we conducted whole Y-chromosome sequencing on three samples and Y-single-nucleotide polymorphism (Y-SNP) genotyping on other four samples beside those reported in previous work. We confirmed that the paternal lineage of the Aisin Gioro clan belongs to haplogroup C3b1a3a2-F8951, a brother branch of C3*-Star Cluster (currently named as C3b1a3a1-F3796, once linked to Genghis Khan), which is quite different from the predominant lineage C3c-M48 in other Tungusic-speaking populations...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805046/natural-resistance-to-meningococcal-disease-related-to-cfh-loci-meta-analysis-of-genome-wide-association-studies
#18
Federico Martinón-Torres, Eileen Png, Chiea Chuen Khor, Sonia Davila, Victoria J Wright, Kar Seng Sim, Ana Vega, Laura Fachal, David Inwald, Simon Nadel, Enitan D Carrol, Nazareth Martinón-Torres, Sonia Marcos Alonso, Angel Carracedo, Elvira Morteruel, Julio López-Bayón, Andrés Concha Torre, Cristina Calvo Monge, Pilar Azcón González de Aguilar, Elisabeth Esteban Torné, María Del Carmen Martínez-Padilla, José María Martinón-Sánchez, Michael Levin, Martin L Hibberd, Antonio Salas
Meningococcal disease (MD) remains an important infectious cause of life threatening infection in both industrialized and resource poor countries. Genetic factors influence both occurrence and severity of presentation, but the genes responsible are largely unknown. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) examining 5,440,063 SNPs in 422 Spanish MD patients and 910 controls. We then performed a meta-analysis of the Spanish GWAS with GWAS data from the United Kingdom (combined cohorts: 897 cases and 5,613 controls; 4,898,259 SNPs)...
November 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796353/disease-mediated-bottom-up-regulation-an-emergent-virus-affects-a-keystone-prey-and-alters-the-dynamics-of-trophic-webs
#19
Pedro Monterroso, Germán Garrote, Ana Serronha, Emídio Santos, Miguel Delibes-Mateos, Joana Abrantes, Ramón Perez de Ayala, Fernando Silvestre, João Carvalho, Inês Vasco, Ana M Lopes, Elisa Maio, Maria J Magalhães, L Scott Mills, Pedro J Esteves, Miguel Ángel Simón, Paulo C Alves
Emergent diseases may alter the structure and functioning of ecosystems by creating new biotic interactions and modifying existing ones, producing cascading processes along trophic webs. Recently, a new variant of the rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV2 or RHDVb) arguably caused widespread declines in a keystone prey in Mediterranean ecosystems - the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). We quantitatively assess the impact of RHDV2 on natural rabbit populations and in two endangered apex predator populations: the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) and the Spanish Imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti)...
October 31, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779766/investigating-economic-specialization-on-the-central-peruvian-coast-a-reconstruction-of-late-intermediate-period-ychsma-diet-using-stable-isotopes
#20
Sara J Marsteller, Natalya Zolotova, Kelly J Knudson
OBJECTIVES: Hypothetical models of socioeconomic organization in pre-Columbian societies generated from the rich ethnohistoric record in the New World require testing against the archaeological and bioarchaeological record. Here, we test ethnohistorian Maria Rostworowski's horizontality model of socioeconomic specialization for the Central Andean coast by reconstructing dietary practices in the Late Intermediate Period (c. AD 900-1470) Ychsma polity to evaluate complexities in social behaviors prior to Inka imperial influence...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
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