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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333321/preconception-and-early-pregnancy-maternal-haemodynamic-changes-in-healthy-women-in-relation-to-pregnancy-viability
#1
F L Foo, A Collins, C M McEniery, P R Bennett, I B Wilkinson, C C Lees
STUDY QUESTION: Are there differences in preconception cardiovascular function between women who have a viable pregnancy and those who have a first trimester miscarriage? SUMMARY ANSWER: Preconception cardiovascular function of central haemodynamics and arterial function are similar between women who have a viable pregnancy and those who have a first trimester miscarriage. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Miscarriages have been associated with increased long-term cardiovascular disease risk, and arterial and cardiovascular dysfunction has been hypothesised as the common link...
March 16, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327037/meeting-patients-unmet-needs
#2
(no author information available yet)
Macmillan consultant nurse (breast) Victoria Harmer qualified with distinction in 1995 and has devoted her career to caring for patients with cancer. She specialised in breast cancer 17 years ago, after taking up a clinical nurse specialist post at London's St Mary's Hospital. She has been in her current role at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust since October 2016, and is also a published author and script adviser for television programmes featuring breast cancer storylines.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316203/-analysis-of-xin-an-imperial-medical-officials-in-the-ming-and-qing-dynasties
#3
S M Wan, B S Liu, X Lu
Xin'an imperial medical officials of the Ming and Qing Dynasties was a special group of Xin'an doctors. It had exerted a positive and active impact on the development of traditional Chinese medicine. Rooted in the Xin'an region, with higher literacy and noble medical ethics and medical knowhow, through the imperial enlistment, examination, and other ways to enter the palace as imperial medical officials. During their tenure, they wrote books and communicated and merged with the folk medicine actively. After retiring, they were still involved actively in folk medicine activities, thus promoting and influencing the development of local medicine...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293990/strong-evidence-of-association-between-obesity-and-some-cancers
#4
(no author information available yet)
A large review lead by researchers at Imperial College London has discovered 'strong evidence' to support the association between obesity and some major types of cancer, mainly those related to digestive organs and hormone-related malignancies.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258827/impulsivity-predicts-weight-loss-after-obesity-surgery
#5
Myutan Kulendran, Leah Borovoi, Sanjay Purkayastha, Ara Darzi, Ivo Vlaev
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that executive function, and specifically inhibitory control, is related to obesity and eating behavior. The goal of this study was to determine whether personality traits and inhibitory control predict weight loss after bariatric procedures. Although the impressive weight reduction after bariatric surgery has been shown in short- and medium-term studies, the effect of personality traits on this reduction is uncertain. Specifically, the effect of impulsivity is still largely unknown...
January 4, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257951/gobioecetes-biwaensis-n-g-n-sp-monogenea-dactylogyridae-from-the-gills-of-a-freshwater-gobiid-fish-rhinogobius-sp-bw-takahashi-okazaki-2002-with-a-redescription-of-parancyrocephaloides-daicoci-yamaguti-1938
#6
Kazuo Ogawa, Naoki Itoh
A description is given of Gobioecetes biwaensis n. g., n. sp. (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) on the gills of a freshwater gobiid fish, Rhinogobius sp. BW Takahashi & Okazaki, 2002 from Lake Biwa, Shiga Prefecture and Rhinogobius sp. from Sento Imperial Palace, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. This monogenean is most similar to Parancyrocephaloides rhinogobius Ling, 1973, proposed here as Gobioecetes rhinogobius n. comb., collected from the gills of Rhinogobius giurinus (Rutter, 1897) in Hupei Province, China, but can be differentiated from it in that ventral hamuli of G...
February 28, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251245/connecting-the-empire-new-research-perspectives-on-infrastructures-and-the-environment-in-the-post-colonial-world
#7
Jonas van der Straeten, Ute Hasenöhrl
In the academic debate on infrastructures in the Global South, there is a broad consensus that (post)colonial legacies present a major challenge for a transition towards more inclusive, sustainable and adapted modes of providing services. Yet, relatively little is known about the emergence and evolution of infrastructures in former colonies. Until a decade ago, most historical studies followed Daniel Headrick's (1981) "tools of empire" thesis, painting-with broad brush strokes-a picture of infrastructures as instruments for advancing the colonial project of exploitation and subordination of non-European peoples and environments...
March 1, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249741/phylogeny-and-biogeography-of-the-imperial-pigeons-aves-columbidae-in-the-pacific-ocean
#8
Alice Cibois, Jean-Claude Thibault, Céline Bonillo, Christopher E Filardi, Eric Pasquet
We reconstruct the phylogeny of imperial pigeons (genus Ducula) using mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data. We evaluate the most likely biogeographic scenario for the evolution of this group that colonized many islands of the Pacific Ocean. The divergence time analysis suggests that the basal divergences within Ducula occurred more recently than in the fruit doves (genus Ptilinopus), a group that is also well diversified in Oceania. The imperial pigeons colonized the Melanesian region several times independently, and the diversification within this region led to several species in sympatry, in particular in the Bismarck archipelago...
February 27, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246758/-when-all-of-you-will-be-forgotten-the-name-israel-will-still-be-shining-james-israel-1848-1926-a-career-in-the-german-empire-and-his-nomination-for-the-nobel-prize
#9
Friedrich H Moll, Thorsten Halling, Nils Hansson, Heiner Fangerau
In 1902, the Berlin Jewish urologist James Israel was nominated for the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. Taking scholar, social, and political aspects into consideration, this biographical essay traces how James Israel gained a sound scientific reputation especially in kidney surgery within Imperial Germany and its antisemitic attitude and how he promoted urology to become a specialty in its own right.
February 28, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245890/one-hundred-years-of-neglect-in-paediatric-schistosomiasis
#10
Amaya L Bustinduy, Stephen Wright, Elizabeth C Joekes, Narcis B Kabatereine, Jutta Reinhard-Rupp, Charles H King, J Russell Stothard
Early in the history of schistosomiasis research, children under 5 years of age were known to be infected. Although this problem was recognized over 100 years ago, insufficient action has been taken to address this issue. Under current policy, such infected children only receive their first antiparasitic treatment (praziquantel - PZQ) upon entry into primary school as current mass drug administration programmes typically target school-aged children. For many infected children, they will wait up to 6 years before receiving their first medication and significant schistosomiasis-related morbidity may have already established...
March 1, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243759/did-king-herod-suffer-from-a-rheumatic-disease
#11
Cianna Leatherwood, Richard S Panush
Herod the Great was appointed "king of Jews," to govern Judea, by the Roman Emperor and Senate. He lived from 73/74 BCE to 4 CE. He died with an illness and symptoms that have been the source of considerable speculation. Richard Strauss depicted Herod in his classic opera, "Salome." That opera was derived from a play of the same name by Oscar Wilde, which was based on an 1876 painting, "Salome Dancing Before Herod," by Gustave Moreau. The operatic Herod was afflicted with an illness characterized by dementia, hallucinations, paranoia, alcoholism (from drinking the Emperor's wine), violence, twitches, and sterility; different interpretations showed him also with falls, chills, shaking, thirst, forgetfulness, and sleepiness, for which we suggest the novel diagnosis of chronic lead intoxication (which can manifest to rheumatologists as saturnine gout)...
February 27, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236044/burning-issues-cremation-and-incineration-in-modern-india
#12
David Arnold
The cremation of human bodies and the incineration of urban waste provide two interrelated examples of technologies using the destructive power of fire that "travelled" in both directions between India and the West in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Rather than granting an automatic ascendency to western ways of burning the dead or disposing of urban rubbish, these case studies indicate the manner in which culture and environment inhibited or prevented their advance and favoured the survival or re-articulation of pre-existing technological practices and the socio-political infrastructure in which they were embedded...
February 24, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196255/effect-of-2-years-of-treatment-with-sublingual-grass-pollen-immunotherapy-on-nasal-response-to-allergen-challenge-at-3-years-among-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-the-grass-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Guy W Scadding, Moises A Calderon, Mohamed H Shamji, Aarif O Eifan, Martin Penagos, Florentina Dumitru, Michelle L Sever, Henry T Bahnson, Kaitie Lawson, Kristina M Harris, Audrey G Plough, Joy Laurienzo Panza, Tielin Qin, Noha Lim, Nadia K Tchao, Alkis Togias, Stephen R Durham
Importance: Sublingual immunotherapy and subcutaneous immunotherapy are effective in seasonal allergic rhinitis. Three years of continuous treatment with subcutaneous immunotherapy and sublingual immunotherapy has been shown to improve symptoms for at least 2 years following discontinuation of treatment. Objective: To assess whether 2 years of treatment with grass pollen sublingual immunotherapy, compared with placebo, provides improved nasal response to allergen challenge at 3-year follow-up...
February 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160984/the-2016-lewis-h-wright-memorial-lecture-america-s-doctor-anaesthetists-1862-1936-turning-a-tide-of-asphyxiating-waves
#14
George S Bause
Laughing-gas showman G.Q. Colton franchised dental extraction under 100% nitrous oxide in many large American cities before popularizing the practice with French Imperial Court dentist T.W. Evans in France and then England. Chicago dentist Z. Rogers helped surgeon E. Andrews oxygenate nitrous oxide, with neither man changing significantly the clinical practices of others. London's F.W. Hewitt and Pittsburgh's S.J. Hayes oxygenated anesthetics with greater clinical impact. By 1920, E.I. McKesson had publicized his practice of secondary saturation with bursts of 100% nitrous oxide to relax musculature in anesthetized patients...
January 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137745/multiple-introductions-and-recent-spread-of-the-emerging-human-pathogen-mycobacterium-ulcerans-across-africa
#15
Koen Vandelannoote, Conor J Meehan, Miriam Eddyani, Dissou Affolabi, Delphin Mavinga Phanzu, Sara Eyangoh, Kurt Jordaens, Françoise Portaels, Kirstie Mangas, Torsten Seemann, Laurent Marsollier, Estelle Marion, Annick Chauty, Jordi Landier, Arnaud Fontanet, Herwig Leirs, Timothy P Stinear, Bouke C de Jong
Buruli ulcer (BU) is an insidious neglected tropical disease. Cases are reported around the world but the rural regions of West and Central Africa are most affected. How BU is transmitted and spreads has remained a mystery, even though the causative agent, Mycobacterium ulcerans, has been known for more than 70 years. Here, using the tools of population genomics, we reconstruct the evolutionary history of M. ulcerans by comparing 165 isolates spanning 48 years and representing 11 endemic countries across Africa...
January 30, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130063/effects-of-control-interventions-on-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-england-an-observational-study
#16
Kate E Dingle, Xavier Didelot, T Phuong Quan, David W Eyre, Nicole Stoesser, Tanya Golubchik, Rosalind M Harding, Daniel J Wilson, David Griffiths, Alison Vaughan, John M Finney, David H Wyllie, Sarah J Oakley, Warren N Fawley, Jane Freeman, Kirsti Morris, Jessica Martin, Philip Howard, Sherwood Gorbach, Ellie J C Goldstein, Diane M Citron, Susan Hopkins, Russell Hope, Alan P Johnson, Mark H Wilcox, Timothy E A Peto, A Sarah Walker, Derrick W Crook
BACKGROUND: The control of Clostridium difficile infections is an international clinical challenge. The incidence of C difficile in England declined by roughly 80% after 2006, following the implementation of national control policies; we tested two hypotheses to investigate their role in this decline. First, if C difficile infection declines in England were driven by reductions in use of particular antibiotics, then incidence of C difficile infections caused by resistant isolates should decline faster than that caused by susceptible isolates across multiple genotypes...
April 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111981/-clean-out-of-the-map-knowing-and-doubting-space-at-india-s-high-imperial-frontiers
#17
Thomas Simpson
During the second half of the nineteenth century, land frontiers became areas of unique significance for surveyors in colonial India. These regions were understood to provide the most stringent tests for the men, instruments, and techniques that collectively constituted spatial data and representations. In many instances, however, the severity of the challenges that India's frontiers afforded stretched practices in the field and in the survey office beyond breaking point. Far from producing supposedly unequivocal maps, many involved in frontier surveying acknowledged that their work was problematic, partial, and prone to contrary readings...
March 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103999/-a-research-on-confucian-scholar-practicing-medicine-at-the-turn-of-the-jin-and-yuan-dynasties
#18
Y Q Li
After the rising of the Yuan Dynasty by defeating the Jin and Southern Song Dynasties, there were huge influences on the life of the Confucian scholars. A large number of Confucian scholar practiced medicine actively or passively. They practiced medicine in order to live safely in war time; or turned into the officials, with only a few of them even became senior officials. Some Confucian scholars changed their household registration by using the medical profession, and improved the identity and status in the society...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103984/-textual-research-on-han-chinese-formulae-collected-in-tubo-medical-manuscript-unearthed-in-bum-pa-che-tower
#19
Y H Liu, H C Nong
A Tibetan manuscript with title of Sman-dpyad gces-pa grub-pa kun-'dus-pa in the Collection of Practiced Medical Quintessence, was found in the basement of a Buddhist tower named 'Bum-pa-che in Lhokha (Shannan), Tibet. It contains a purgative recipe of TCM with its title "Powder of Han Region" and several ingredients in Chinese transliteration. Based upon the rule of medieval Chinese system of pronunciation with reference of related texts and studies, a textual research identifies it as a kind of Maren (seed of Cannabis sativa L...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103978/-cosmetological-thinking-and-methods-in-tcm-in-the-sui-tang-dynasty
#20
Y J Wu
In the heyday of Chinese feudal society, women's status in the society of the Sui-Tang period was improved in the Tang Dynasty.The demand for female to stay young and anti-aging had attracted lots of attention in the society, thus providing a favorable social environment for the formation and development of Chinese herbal cosmetology. The important representative medical works on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were published in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, such as Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold), Qian jin yi fang (Supplement to Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), Wai tai mi yao (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) etc...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
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