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Imperialism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934532/preemptive-caffeine-administration-blocks-the-increase-in-postoperative-pain-caused-by-previous-sleep-loss-in-the-rat-a-potential-role-for-preoptic-adenosine-a2a-receptors-in-sleep-pain-interactions
#1
Viviane S Hambrecht-Wiedbusch, Maya Gabel, Linda J Liu, John P Imperial, Angelo V Colmenero, Giancarlo Vanini
Sleep and pain are reciprocally related, but the precise mechanisms underlying this relationship are poorly understood. This study used a rat model of surgical pain to examine the effect of previous sleep loss on postoperative pain and tested the hypothesis that preoptic adenosinergic mechanisms regulate sleep-pain interactions. Relative to ad libitum sleep, 6 hours of total sleep deprivation prior to a surgical incision significantly enhanced postoperative mechanical hypersensitivity in the affected paw and prolonged the time to recovery from surgery...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933928/nursing-and-the-public-health-legacies-of-the-russian-revolution
#2
Susan Grant
The centenary of the October Revolution in 1917 provides a timely opportunity to assess the legacies of that event. I examine the role of the revolution in public health with a focus on nursing, assessing the Imperial Russian health care system, the development of Soviet nursing, and current plans for nursing and public health care in Putin's Russia. Analyzing nursing shows that there was a great deal of continuity in terms of medical personnel and ideas on how public health care service in Russia should operate...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914987/diabetes-news
#3
Ann M Carracher, Payal H Marathe, Kelly L Close
More than 31,000 attendeesfrom around the world gathered in Barcelona, Spain for the 2017 European Society of Cardiology conference. In presentinga post-hoc analysis of the Liraglutide and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes(LEADER)(1) trial, Dr Neil Poulter (Imperial College London, UK) showedthat results are still positive, indicating cardioprotection, after adjusting for baseline history of stroke or myocardial infarction (MI), which had no mediating effect on the significant association between Novo Nordisk's (Copenhagen, Denmark) glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonist Victoza (liraglutide) and cardiovascular risk reduction...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900249/effect-of-efflux-pump-inhibition-on-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-transcriptome-and-virulence
#4
Giordano Rampioni, Cejoice Ramachandran Pillai, Francesca Longo, Roslen Bondì, Valerio Baldelli, Marco Messina, Francesco Imperi, Paolo Visca, Livia Leoni
Efflux pumps of the resistance-nodulation-cell-division (RND) family increase antibiotic resistance in many bacterial pathogens, representing candidate targets for the development of antibiotic adjuvants. RND pumps have also been proposed to contribute to bacterial infection, implying that efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) could also act as anti-virulence drugs. Nevertheless, EPIs are usually investigated only for their properties as antibiotic adjuvants, while their potential anti-virulence activity is seldom taken into account...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886604/the-imperial-county-community-air-monitoring-network-a-model-for-community-based-environmental-monitoring-for-public-health-action
#5
Paul B English, Luis Olmedo, Ester Bejarano, Humberto Lugo, Eduardo Murillo, Edmund Seto, Michelle Wong, Galatea King, Alexa Wilkie, Dan Meltzer, Graeme Carvlin, Michael Jerrett, Amanda Northcross
The Imperial County Community Air Monitoring Network (the Network) is a collaborative group of community, academic, nongovernmental, and government partners designed to fill the need for more detailed data on particulate matter in an area that often exceeds air quality standards. The Network employs a community-based environmental monitoring process in which the community and researchers have specific, well-defined roles as part of an equitable partnership that also includes shared decision-making to determine study direction, plan research protocols, and conduct project activities...
July 31, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855482/prof-masao-ota
#6
Tomomichi Ono
Masao Ota was a Professor of Dermatology at Tokyo Imperial University. He is known to dermatologists around the world as the researcher who identified Nevus of Ota. He is also known for his research on Hansen's Disease. He was critical of the forced isolation policy and the sterilization law. He dreamt of developing chemotherapeutic measures and dedicated himself to cultivating Mycobacterium leprae. Among his accomplishments, those in the area of medical mycology are particularly remarkable. His discovery of Microsporum ferrugineum, his proposal for Trichophytia pompholyciformis, and his work on Ota-Langeron taxonomy based on the findings on fungus colonies are highly regarded and earned him the Ordre Royale de la Legion D'honneur...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855269/roles-of-increased-glycemic-variability-glp-1-and-glucagon-in-hypoglycaemia-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#7
George Tharakan, Preeshila Behary, Nicolai Jacob Wewer Albrechtsen, Harvinder Chahal, Julia Kenkre, Alexander D Miras, Ahmed R Ahmed, Jens Juul Holst, Steve R Bloom, Tricia Mei Mei Tan
Objective Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) surgery is currently the most effective treatment for diabetes and obesity. An increasingly recognized complication of RYGB surgery is postprandial hypoglycemia (PPH). The pathophysiology of PPH remains unclear with multiple mechanisms suggested including nesidioblastosis, altered insulin clearance and increased glucagon-like-1 peptide (GLP-1) secretion. Whilst many PPH patients respond to dietary modification, some have severely disabling symptoms. Multiple treatments have been trialled ranging from acarbose, to both GLP-1 agonists and antagonists, even to reversal of RYGB...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839264/analysis-on-the-composition-structure-and-lacquering-techniques-of-the-coffin-of-emperor-qianlong-excavated-from-the-eastern-imperial-tombs
#8
Xinying Hao, Hao Wu, Yang Zhao, Tong Tong, Xiaoyuan Li, Cui Yang, Yun Tang, Xinyu Shen, Hua Tong
This article presents the results of an investigation on the coffin of Emperor Qianlong excavated from the Eastern Imperial Tombs of the Qing Dynasty in Zunhua, China. The composition, structure and lacquering techniques used in the manufacturing process were analyzed in this project. Stereoscopic Microscopy, SEM-EDS, XRD, FTIR, Raman, Double-shot Py-GC/MS were used as scientific analytical methods. The results show that the structure of the coffin body consists of a wooden body layer, a lacquer ash layer and a lacquer film pigment layer...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831379/lousy-chicks-chewing-lice-from-the-imperial-shag-leucocarbo-atriceps
#9
María Soledad Leonardi, Flavio Quintana
Forty-one imperial shag chicks were sampled for lice during the breeding season of 2014 in Punta León, Argentina. We found 2 lice species, Pectinopygus turbinatus infesting the body and Piagetiella caputincisum present in the oral cavity of the birds. This constitutes the first host record for P. turbinatus and the first record for the continental Argentina for P. caputincisum. Ninety-three percent of the chicks were infested by at least one lice species. P. turbinatus was present in all of the lousy chicks, while P...
December 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829718/development-and-field-validation-of-a-community-engaged-particulate-matter-air-quality-monitoring-network-in-imperial-ca
#10
Graeme N Carvlin, Humberto Lugo, Luis Olmedo, Ester Bejarano, Alexa Wilkie, Dan Meltzer, Michelle Wong, Galatea King, Amanda Northcross, Michael Jerrett, Paul B English, Donald Hammond, Edmund Seto
The Imperial County Community Air Monitoring Network was developed as part of a community-engaged research study to provide real-time particulate matter (PM) air quality information at a high spatial resolution in Imperial County, California. The network augmented the few existing regulatory monitors and increased monitoring near susceptible populations. Monitors were both calibrated and field validated, a key component of evaluating the quality of the data produced by the community-monitoring network. This paper examines the performance of a customized version of the low-cost Dylos optical particle counter used in the community air monitors compared to both PM2...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827142/a-score-to-predict-and-stratify-risk-of-tuberculosis-in-adult-contacts-of-tuberculosis-index-cases-a-prospective-derivation-and-external-validation-cohort-study
#11
Matthew J Saunders, Tom Wingfield, Marco A Tovar, Matthew R Baldwin, Sumona Datta, Karine Zevallos, Rosario Montoya, Teresa R Valencia, Jon S Friedland, Larry H Moulton, Robert H Gilman, Carlton A Evans
BACKGROUND: Contacts of tuberculosis index cases are at increased risk of developing tuberculosis. Screening, preventive therapy, and surveillance for tuberculosis are underused interventions in contacts, particularly adults. We developed a score to predict risk of tuberculosis in adult contacts of tuberculosis index cases. METHODS: In 2002-06, we recruited contacts aged 15 years or older of index cases with pulmonary tuberculosis who lived in desert shanty towns in Ventanilla, Peru...
August 18, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810350/-analysis-of-compiling-date-of-huang-di-nei-jing-huangdi-s-internal-classic
#12
W B Zhang, Y T Gao, H Y Li
There are Seven Medical Classics recorded in the Han shu Yi wen zhi(Bibliography in Annals of the Han Dynasty), among which the 18-volume Huang di nei jing (Huangdi's Internal Classic) is not the current edition of Ling shu (Miraculous Pivot) and Su wen(Plain Questions). The present edition of Huang di nei jing containing these two works might be merged in the Eastern Han Dynasty, benefited from the invention of Cai Lun's papermaking technique and the development of Nine needles, especially filiform needle manufacturing...
May 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805962/medicago-truncatula-molybdate-transporter-type-1-mtmot1-3-is-a-plasma-membrane-molybdenum-transporter-required-for-nitrogenase-activity-in-root-nodules-under-molybdenum-deficiency
#13
Manuel Tejada-Jiménez, Patricia Gil-Díez, Javier León-Mediavilla, Jiangqi Wen, Kirankumar S Mysore, Juan Imperial, Manuel González-Guerrero
Molybdenum, as a component of the iron-molybdenum cofactor of nitrogenase, is essential for symbiotic nitrogen fixation. This nutrient has to be provided by the host plant through molybdate transporters. Members of the molybdate transporter family Molybdate Transporter type 1 (MOT1) were identified in the model legume Medicago truncatula and their expression in nodules was determined. Yeast toxicity assays, confocal microscopy, and phenotypical characterization of a Transposable Element from Nicotiana tabacum (Tnt1) insertional mutant line were carried out in the one M...
August 14, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803223/social-responsibilities-of-a-physician-reflections-of-major-general-s-l-bhatia-1891-1981
#14
Radhika Hegde, Mario Vaz
This paper examines various documents written by Major General SL Bhatia CIE, MC, IMS from the 1920s to the1960s on the "Social Responsibilities of a Physician". His reflections are of historical significance, since they provide us with an insight into the challenges confronting the people who attempted to rebuild a nation plagued by poverty resulting from fractured agricultural growth, a feudalistic social structure and the regional inequalities that accompany it, and prolonged imperial rule, among other things...
July 25, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794386/overview-of-the-81-st-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-japanese-circulation-society%C3%A3-cardiovascular-medicine-for-the-next-generation
#15
Noboru Fujino, Tsuyoshi Yoshimuta, Fukiko Ichida, Koichiro Kinugawa, Kazuo Usuda, Michihiko Kitayama, Hidekazu Ino, Masa-Aki Kawashiri, Hiroshi Tada, Sumio Mizuno, Kenshi Hayashi, Hirofumi Takemura, Masakazu Yamagishi
The 81(st)Annual Scientific Meeting of the Japanese Circulation Society was held in Kanazawa, Japan, on March 17-19, 2017 under a miraculously clear sky. The frontlines of healthcare and medicine are dramatically changing. Thus, "Cardiovascular Medicine for Next Generation" was chosen as the main theme of this meeting. The program was constructed around major identified issues, including renewal of our understanding of basic cardiovascular medicine, translational research, and preventive molecular medicine, all of which are anticipated to transcend the medical field over the next generation...
August 8, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792976/relationship-between-ancient-bridges-and-population-dynamics-in-the-lower-yangtze-river-basin-china
#16
Yang Zhao, Xin Jia, Harry F Lee, Hongqiang Zhao, Shuliang Cai, Xianjin Huang
It has been suggested that population growth dynamics may be revealed by the geographic distribution and the physical structure of ancient bridges. Yet, this relationship has not been empirically verified. In this study, we applied the archaeological records for ancient bridges to reveal the population growth dynamics in the lower Yangtze River Basin in late imperial China. We investigated 89 ancient bridges in Yixing that were built during the Ming and Qing dynasties (AD1368-1911). Global Position System information and structure (length, width, and span) of those bridges was measured during our field investigations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766413/laughing-and-innovating
#17
Joanna James
After qualifying as a nurse at St Mary's Hospital in London in 1988, Joanna James spent 20 years working in emergency departments. She co-developed and ran a successful education programme around the needs of refugees and survivors of torture. In 2008 she changed direction and started working on improving services for people with dementia in hospital. She is now lead nurse for dementia at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust in London.
August 2, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765532/physarum-machines-imitating-a-roman-road-network-the-3d-approach
#18
Vasilis Evangelidis, Jeff Jones, Nikolaos Dourvas, Michail-Antisthenis Tsompanas, Georgios Ch Sirakoulis, Andrew Adamatzky
Physarum Polycephalum is a single cell visible by unaided eye. This is a plasmodial, vegetative stage of acellular slime mould. This single cell has myriad of nuclei which contribute to a network of bio-chemical oscillators responsible for the slime mould's distributed sensing, concurrent information processing and decision making, and parallel actuation. When presented with a spatial configuration of sources of nutrients, the slime mould spans the sources with networks of its protoplasmic tube. These networks belong to a family of planar proximity graphs...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763365/ultrasound-guided-laparoscopic-ovarian-wedge-resection-in-recurrent-serous-borderline-ovarian-tumours
#19
Benjamin P Jones, Srdjan Saso, Jessica Farren, Mona El-Bahrawy, Sadaf Ghaem-Maghami, J Richard Smith, Joseph Yazbek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the use of intraoperative ultrasound-guided ovarian wedge resection in the treatment of recurrent serous borderline ovarian tumors (sBOTs) that are too small to be visualized laparoscopically. METHODS: This was a prospective analysis of all women with recurrent sBOTs that were not visible laparoscopically, who underwent intraoperative ultrasound-guided ovarian wedge resection between January 2015 and December 2016 at the West London Gynaecological Cancer Centre, Imperial College NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758503/defending-metropolitan-identity-through-colonial-politics-the-role-of-portuguese-naturalists-1870-91
#20
Daniel Gamito-Marques
This paper explores how João de Andrade Corvo and José Vicente Barbosa du Bocage, two nineteenth-century Portuguese naturalists, were able to reach prominent political positions in their country by means of their work in, respectively, botany and agriculture, and zoology. The authority they derived from their scientific activities and the knowledge they acquired in the process, favored by their proximity to particular political quarters, elevated them to important governmental offices, in the context of which they implemented policies that reinforced Portugal's identity as an imperial nation...
July 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
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