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Jonas F Ludvigsson, Benjamin Lebwohl, Anders Ekbom, Ravi Kiran, Peter Hr Green, Jonas Höijer, Olof Stephansson
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endoscopy is an integral part of the investigation and management of gastrointestinal disease. We aimed to examine outcomes of pregnancies for women who underwent endoscopy during their pregnancy. METHODS: We performed a nationwide population-based cohort study, linking data from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry (for births from 1992 through 2011) with those from the Swedish Patient Registry. We identified 3052 pregnancies exposed to endoscopy (2025 upper endoscopies, 1109 lower endoscopies, 58 endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographies)...
October 20, 2016: Gastroenterology
Matthew Kurien, David S Sanders, Anders Ekbom, Carolina Ciacci, Jonas F Ludvigsson
BACKGROUND: The detection of celiac disease (CD) is suboptimal. AIMS: We hypothesized that misdiagnosis is leading to diagnostic delays, and examine this assertion by determining if patients have increased risk of abdominal surgery before CD diagnosis. METHODS: Through biopsy reports from Sweden's 28 pathology departments we identified all individuals with CD (Marsh stage 3; n=29,096). Using hospital-based data on inpatient and outpatient surgery recorded in the Swedish Patient Register, we compared abdominal surgery (appendectomy, laparotomy, biliary tract surgery, and uterine surgery) with that in 144,522 controls matched for age, sex, county and calendar year...
September 26, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
Hamed Khalili, Martin Neovius, Anders Ekbom, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Johan Askling, Andrew T Chan, Ola Olen
OBJECTIVES: Oral contraceptive (OC) use has been consistently linked to increased risk of inflammatory bowel disease. Nonetheless, a specific role of OC in the natural history of ulcerative colitis (UC) is unknown. METHODS: We identified 6,104 incident female UC cases aged 16-51 years at diagnosis from the Swedish National Patient Register starting in January of 2003. Information on current OC use was obtained from the Prescribed Drug Register starting in July of 2005...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Tone Bjørge, Mika Gissler, Anne Gulbech Ording, Anders Engeland, Ingrid Glimelius, Maarit Leinonen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Steinar Tretli, Anders Ekbom, Rebecca Troisi, Tom Grotmol
BACKGROUND: Data are conflicting regarding the role of endogenous sex hormones in colorectal carcinogenesis. In this large population-based study, we pooled data from birth and cancer registries in four Nordic countries, to evaluate the risk of colorectal adenocarcinoma in relation to women's reproductive history. METHODS: We conducted a population-based case-control study among women registered in Nordic birth registries. The study included colorectal adenocarcinoma cases diagnosed in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden during 1967-2013 and up to 10 matched controls per case, in total 22 185 cases and 220 246 controls...
October 4, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Jeonghun Ku, Yeong Seon Lee, HyukWon Chang, Christopher J Earley, Richard P Allen, Yong Won Cho
BACKGROUND: The unusual sensations of restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED) are induced by rest or a low arousal state with a circadian variation in the threshold for induction. It has been suggested that the emergence of RLS/WED symptoms relates to abnormal brain functions dealing with internally generated stimuli. The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in the default mode network (DMN) in RLS/WED subjects. METHODS: Sixteen drug-naïve, idiopathic, RLS/WED subjects, and 16 age-matched and gender-matched healthy subjects were scanned in an asymptomatic resting state...
July 2016: Sleep Medicine
Ceyhun Varım, Bilgehan Atılgan Acar, Mehmet Sevki Uyanık, Turkan Acar, Neslihan Alagoz, Ahmet Nalbant, Tezcan Kaya, Hasan Ergenc
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS), also known as Willis-Ekbom disease, is characterised by abnormal sensations in the legs as well as dysaesthesia. Although the aetiology of RLS has not yet been determined, it may be associated with systemic inflammation. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a new and simple marker indicating systemic inflammation. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between systemic inflammation and RLS through the use of the NLR. METHODS: A total of 75 newly diagnosed patients with RLS and 56 healthy control subjects were included in the study...
September 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
Nabil Berhili, Amine Bout, Hayat Hlal, Chadya Aarab, Rachid Aalouane, Ismail Rammouz
Ekbom syndrome or delusional parasitosis is a rare disease characterized by the unwavering conviction of having cutaneous infestation of insects or parasites. This is a monothematic delusion of hallucinatory origin that typically affects older women. We report the case of three patients with delusional parasitosis in different clinical settings. The first patient suffered from isolated delusional parasitosis corresponding to the condition described by Karl Ekbom. The second case suffered from secondary delusional parasitosis, occurring in the setting of leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL)...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Michael S Oldenburg, Jeff Janus, Steve Voss, Serban San Marina, Tiffany Chen, Joaquin Garcia, Dale Ekbom
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Micronized AlloDerm is a commonly used injectable material for injection laryngoplasty; however, the histologic response to laryngeal implantation and resorption rate over time have not been elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the in vivo response of micronized AlloDerm over time after laryngeal implantation using a rabbit model. STUDY DESIGN: Animal model. METHODS: The left recurrent laryngeal nerve was sectioned in five New Zealand White rabbits to create a vocal cord paralysis...
August 31, 2016: Laryngoscope
E Hagman, P Danielsson, L Brandt, A Ekbom, C Marcus
OBJECTIVES: In adults, impaired fasting glycemia (IFG) increases the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study aimed to investigate to which extent children with obesity develop T2DM during early adulthood, and to determine whether IFG and elevated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in obese children are risk markers for early development of T2DM. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 1620 subjects from the Swedish Childhood Obesity Treatment Registry - BORIS who were ⩾18 years at follow-up and 8046 individuals in a population-based comparison group, matched on gender age and living area, were included...
2016: Nutrition & Diabetes
Alexander P Marston, Francisco J Maldonado, Karthik Ravi, Jan L Kasperbauer, Dale C Ekbom
OBJECTIVE: To compare swallowing outcomes following cricopharyngeal (CP) dilation versus surgical myotomy in patients with dysphagia secondary to idiopathic CP bar. METHODS: All patients had an idiopathic CP bar without a history of Zenker's diverticulum, head and neck cancer, or systemic neurologic disease treated between 2000 and 2013. The Functional Outcome Swallowing Scale (FOSS) was utilized to assess dysphagia symptoms. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients underwent 46 dilations and 20 patients had a myotomy...
July 27, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Aarti Grover, Courtney Clark-Bilodeau, Carolyn M D'Ambrosio
Restless leg syndrome, more recently renamed Willis-Ekbom disease, is a condition that disrupts sleep and occurs more frequently in the pregnant population. We present a 39-year-old woman with restless legs syndrome in the third trimester and discuss the epidemiology, pathophysiology and therapeutic options in the pregnant population while highlighting the challenges posed by the lack of safety data of approved drugs.
September 2015: Obstetric Medicine
Martin Blomberg Jensen, Jacob Gerner Lawaetz, Anna-Maria Andersson, Jørgen Holm Petersen, Loa Nordkap, Anne Kirstine Bang, Pia Ekbom, Ulla Nordström Joensen, Lisbeth Prætorius, Peter Lundstrøm, Vibeke Hartvig Boujida, Beate Lanske, Anders Juul, Niels Jørgensen
STUDY QUESTION: Are low vitamin D levels linked with semen quality and sex steroids in infertile men? SUMMARY ANSWER: Infertile men with vitamin D deficiency had lower sperm motility, total numbers of motile sperm, Inhibin B, sex-hormone-binding-globulin (SHBG) and testosterone/estradiol ratio, but higher levels of free sex steroids, than infertile men with normal vitamin D levels. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Low vitamin D levels have been associated with decreased sperm motility in healthy men, but a relationship between vitamin D and calcium with semen quality and especially sex steroids has not been sufficiently described in infertile men...
August 2016: Human Reproduction
Chong Yang, Jeffery Brandenburg, E Bryan Mozingo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Lisa Klingelhoefer, Kalyan Bhattacharya, Heinz Reichmann
Restless legs syndrome (RLS), also known as Willis-Ekbom disease (WED), is a common movement disorder characterised by an uncontrollable urge to move because of uncomfortable, sometimes painful sensations in the legs with a diurnal variation and a release with movement. The pathophysiology is only partially known and a genetic component together with dopaminergic and brain iron dysregulation plays an important role. Secondary causes for RLS need to be excluded. Treatment depends on the severity and frequency of RLS symptoms, comprises non-pharmacological (eg lifestyle changes) and pharmacological interventions (eg dopaminergic medication, alpha-2-delta calcium channel ligands, opioids) and relieves symptoms only...
August 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Michael H Silber, John W Winkelman, Birgit Högl, Jacquelyn Bainbridge, Mark Buchfuhrer, Georgios Hadjigeorgiou, Yuichi Inoue, Mauro Manconi, Wolfgang Oertel, William Ondo, Juliane Winkelmann, Richard P Allen
A Task Force was established by the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) in conjunction with the European Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (EURLSSG) and the RLS Foundation (RLS-F) to develop evidence-based and consensus-based recommendations for the prevention and treatment of long-term pharmacologic treatment of dopaminergic-induced augmentation in restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED). The Task Force made the following prevention and treatment recommendations: As a means to prevent augmentation, medications such as α2δ ligands may be considered for initial RLS/WED treatment; these drugs are effective and have little risk of augmentation...
May 2016: Sleep Medicine
Nitik Bathla, Sohaib Ahmad, Ravi Gupta, Shahbaj Ahmad
Willis-Ekbom's disease/restless legs syndrome (WED/RLS) has been described in subjects undergoing hemodialysis (HD). Different studies have reported varying prevalence rates and different factors associated with this condition; however, the results are inconsistent. Thus, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of WED/RLS in patients undergoing HD. Another aim of the study was to identify if any comorbidities or biochemical factors were associated with this condition. A total of 194 adult patients undergoing maintenance HD were included in this study...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Markus Brissman, Kerstin Ekbom, Emilia Hagman, Staffan Mårild, Eva Gronowitz, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Torsten Olbers, Claude Marcus
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown promising results 2 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, within the Adolescence Morbid Obesity Surgery study (AMOS). The aim of the current study was to describe the 2-year outcome in cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and functional capacity in the Stockholm subset of the AMOS study. METHODS: Forty-one adolescents (10 male, 31 female, age 14-18 years, body mass index 35-69 kg·m(-2)) were included. In addition to anthropometric measurements, participants performed a submaximal bicycle test, 6-min walk test, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and a short interview at baseline, 1 and 2 years after surgery...
July 5, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Humberto C Sasieta, Vivek N Iyer, Diana M Orbelo, Cynthia Patton, Rebecca Pittelko, Karina Keogh, Kaiser G Lim, Dale C Ekbom
IMPORTANCE: Refractory chronic cough is a debilitating condition with limited therapeutic options. Laryngeal botulinum toxin type A (BtxA) has been anecdotally reported to benefit patients with chronic cough. We report on our experience with the use of BtxA for the treatment of patients with refractory chronic cough. OBJECTIVE: To describe the effects of electromyography (EMG)-guided thyroarytenoid (TA) BtxA injection for the treatment of refractory chronic cough...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Ralf Kohnen, Pablo Martinez-Martin, Heike Benes, Claudia Trenkwalder, Birgit Högl, Elmar Dunkl, Arthur S Walters
BACKGROUND: The International Restless Legs Scale (IRLS) is the most widely used of the scales rating the severity of restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED). It has been well validated and is the primary end point for most of the therapeutic and nontherapeutic studies of RLS/WED. It has excellent psychometric properties, although it does not capture the severity of RLS under a wide variety of circumstances and times of day. Moreover, the IRLS has a large placebo effect...
April 2016: Sleep Medicine
Alexander Gelbard, Nicolas-George Katsantonis, Masanobu Mizuta, Dawn Newcomb, Joseph Rotsinger, Bernard Rousseau, James J Daniero, Eric S Edell, Dale C Ekbom, Jan L Kasperbauer, Alexander T Hillel, Liying Yang, C Gaelyn Garrett, James L Netterville, Christopher T Wootten, David O Francis, Charles Stratton, Kevin Jenkins, Tracy L McGregor, Jennifer A Gaddy, Timothy S Blackwell, Wonder P Drake
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Idiopathic subglottic stenosis (iSGS) is a rare and devastating extrathoracic obstruction involving the lower laryngeal and upper tracheal airway. It arises without known antecedent injury or associated disease process. Persistent mucosal inflammation and a localized fibrotic response are hallmarks of the disease. Despite the initial clinical description of iSGS more than 40 year ago, there have been no substantive investigations into the pathogenesis of this enigmatic and progressive airway obstruction...
June 14, 2016: Laryngoscope
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