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Pacemaker infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533930/early-onset-lyme-carditis-with-concurrent-disseminated-erythema-migrans
#1
Kinjan P Patel, Peter D Farjo, Joy J Juskowich, Ali Hama Amin, James D Mills
BACKGROUND: Lyme disease is an infection that is estimated to affect over 300,000 people in the United States annually. Typically, it presents with erythema migrans (EM), an annular rash at the site of tick attachment, within 3 to 30 days of inoculation. Untreated patients may progress to early disseminated disease. A further complication, Lyme carditis is rare but may occur several weeks later. It commonly manifests as a variable atrioventricular (AV) conduction block, with a high-grade AV block occurring in only 1% of untreated patients...
2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515847/pacemaker-recycling-a-notion-whose-time-has-come
#2
REVIEW
Mason W Runge, Timir S Baman, Sheldon Davis, Kevin Weatherwax, Ed Goldman, Kim A Eagle, Thomas C Crawford
The purpose of this paper is to summarize the need, feasibility, safety, legality, and ethical perspectives of pacemaker reutilization in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It will also describe, in-depth, Project My Heart Your Heart (PMHYH) as a model for pacemaker reuse in LMICs. The primary source of the discussion points in this paper is a collection of 14 publications produced by the research team at the University of Michigan and its collaborative partners. The need for pacemaker reutilization in LMICs is evident...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512722/status-of-cardiovascular-pet-radiation-exposure-and-strategies-for-reduction-an-information-statement-from-the-cardiovascular-pet-task-force
#3
James A Case, Robert A deKemp, Piotr J Slomka, Mark F Smith, Gary V Heller, Manuel D Cerqueira
Cardiovascular positron emission tomography (PET) imaging provides high-quality visual and quantitative myocardial perfusion and function images. In addition, cardiovascular PET can assess myocardial viability, myocardial inflammatory disorders such as cardiac sarcoid, and infections of implanted devices including pacemakers, ventricular assist devices, and prosthetic heart valves. As with all nuclear cardiology procedures, the benefits need to be considered in relation to the risks of exposure to radiation...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511449/management-of-accidental-and-iatrogenic-foreign-body-injuries-to-heart-case-series
#4
REVIEW
Rupesh Kumar, Sandeep Singh Rana, Sanjay Kumar, Deepanwita Das, Monalisa Datta
Accidental and iatrogenic foreign body injuries to heart require immediate attention and its timely management is cornerstone to the life of an individual. We describe in detail five cases of Accidental and iatrogenic foreign body injuries to heart encountered between January 2013 and July 2016. Our series included the following: needle stick injury to the right atrium (1 case) retained catheter fragments in the distal main pulmonary artery (1 case), right ventricle injury during catheterisation study (1 case), right ventricle injury during permanent pacemaker lead placement (1 case), device migration in atrial septal defect closure (1 case)...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502871/a-leadless-pacemaker-in-the-real-world-setting-the-micra-transcatheter-pacing-system-post-approval-registry
#5
Paul R Roberts, Nicolas Clementy, Faisal Al Samadi, Christophe Garweg, Jose Luis Martinez-Sande, Saverio Iacopino, Jens Brock Johansen, Xavier Vinolas Prat, Robert Kowal, Didier Klug, Lluis Mont, Jan Steffel, Shelby Li, Dirk Van Osch, Mikhael F El-Chami
BACKGROUND: First-in-man studies of leadless pacemakers have demonstrated high implant success rates, and safety and efficacy objectives were achieved. Outside of the investigational setting, there are particular concerns over cardiac effusion/perforation, device dislodgement, infection, telemetry, and battery issues. OBJECTIVE: The acute performance of the Micra transcatheter pacemaker from a worldwide post-approval registry is reported. METHODS: The registry is an ongoing prospective single-arm observational study designed to assess the safety and effectiveness of Micra in the post-approval setting...
May 11, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496930/percutaneous-vacuum-assisted-thrombectomy-device-used-for-removal-of-large-vegetations-on-infected-pacemaker-and-defibrillator-leads-as-an-adjunct-to-lead-extraction
#6
Raymond H M Schaerf, Sasan Najibi, John Conrad
This case series reports our early experience with a minimally invasive percutaneous method of safely removing large vegetations during lead extraction in septic cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED). Debate exists concerning the management of vegetations involving these devices. Lead extraction is mandated for infections, but vegetations may embolize, causing complications. Surgical debridement is recommended; alternatives include cardiopulmonary bypass, minimally invasive thoracotomy, or transatrial approaches...
October 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491710/treating-an-infected-transcatheter-pacemaker-system-via-percutaneous-extraction
#7
Alan Koay, Surinder Khelae, Koh Kok Wei, Zulkeflee Muhammad, Rosli Mohd Ali, Razali Omar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: HeartRhythm Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491705/implantation-of-a-leadless-cardiac-pacemaker-for-recurrent-pocket-infections
#8
Philip M Chang, Rahul N Doshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: HeartRhythm Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489502/advances-in-cardiac-pacing-and-defibrillation
#9
Kristin Ellison, Parikshit S Sharma, Richard Trohman
There have been many milestones in the evolution of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) over the past few decades. Along with advancements in the field, new challenges have arisen. The ability to pace the right ventricular was the original breakthrough in the late 1950s, however adverse structural and clinical effects of long-term pacing induced dyssynchrony have recently become evident. Biventricular pacing has provided a viable option to help mitigate dyssynchrony, but has only proved to be beneficial for selective patients (primarily left bundle branch block and QRS duration ≥ 150 ms with depressed left ventricular (LV) function)...
May 10, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487168/clinical-predictors-and-clinical-prediction-rules-to-estimate-initial-patient-risk-for-infective-endocarditis-in-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Anthony D Bai, Arnav Agarwal, Marilyn Steinberg, Adrienne Showler, Lisa Burry, George A Tomlinson, Chaim M Bell, Andrew M Morris
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize diagnostic properties of risk factors and clinical prediction rules for diagnosing infective endocarditis (IE) in Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Database from inception to January 6, 2016 to identify studies evaluating risk factors and clinical prediction rules for IE in SAB patients. Pooled estimates of diagnostic properties for main risk factors were calculated using a bivariate random effects model...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473919/an-unusual-case-of-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation
#11
Dmitri Pchejetski, Mojiba Kenbaz, Heba Alshaker, Dharmesh Rajput, Kiruparajan Jesudason
The use of cardiac pacemakers is increasing worldwide. Infective endocarditis from a pacemaker lead is a rare, but one of the most severe complications of pacemaker insertion. The diagnosis of pacemaker-related infective endocarditis is usually delayed due to unspecific clinical signs and symptoms at presentation compared to native valve infective endocarditis. Several factors can increase the risk of cardiac pacemaker-related infective endocarditis including cachexia, malignancy, diabetes mellitus, immunosuppression and corticosteroid treatment...
April 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457043/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-at-pacemaker-implantation-site
#12
Rudra Prasad Samanta, Goli Vasu Babu
Expanding clinical indications of cardiac rhythm management have led to an increased use of pacemaker implantation which is associated with increased incidence of pacemaker infections. Staphylococcus aureus and epidermidis account for the majority of pacemaker infections. Infection of implantable cardiac devices by mycobacterium species, particularly mycobacterial tuberculosis is rare. We present a case of delayed pacemaker pocket infection with tuberculosis and review of literature of pacemaker infections with mycobacterium species...
February 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451588/lead-extraction-of-cardiac-rhythm-devices-a-report-of-a-single-center-experience
#13
Ana Isabel Azevedo, João Primo, Helena Gonçalves, Marco Oliveira, Luís Adão, Elisabeth Santos, José Ribeiro, Marlene Fonseca, Adelaide V Dias, Luís Vouga, Vasco Gama Ribeiro
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The rate of implanted cardiac electronic devices is increasing as is the need to manage long-term complications. Lead removal is becoming an effective approach to treat such complications. We present our experience in lead removal using different approaches, analyzing the predictors of the use of mechanical extractors/surgical removal. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of lead extractions in a series of 76 consecutive patients (mean age 70...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446377/external-closed-circuit-cooling-system-for-management-of-patients-after-device-implantation-a-feasibility-study
#14
Fabrizio Giofrè, Paola Ferrari, Cristina Leidi, Maria Laura Foschi, Michele Senni, Paolo De Filippo
BACKGROUND: In the first 24h after pacemaker or implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) implantation or replacement, the occurrence of hematoma and pain in the surgically treated region is not infrequent and may result in re-intervention and/or more severe complications, such as infections. Currently, the post-implant phase management is very empiric. The aim of this study was to test the clinical applicability and usefulness of an external close-circuit cooling system for the management of the early post-implant period in patients with high risk of hematoma due to anticoagulant and/or antiplatelet therapy...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444977/efficacy-of-postoperative-prophylactic-antibiotics-in-reducing-permanent-pacemaker-infections
#15
Wen-Huang Lee, Ting-Chun Huang, Li-Jen Lin, Po-Tseng Lee, Chih-Chan Lin, Cheng-Han Lee, Ting-Hsing Chao, Yi-Heng Li, Ju-Yi Chen
BACKGROUND: Despite limited evidence, postoperative prophylactic antibiotics are often used in the setting of permanent pacemaker implantation or replacement. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of postoperative antibiotics. HYPOTHESIS: Postoperative prophylactic antibiotics may be not clinically useful. METHODS: We recruited 367 consecutive patients undergoing permanent pacemaker implantation or generator replacement at a tertiary referral center...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441850/-clinical-application-of-one-stage-operation-of-epicardial-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-and-cardiac-surgery
#16
C L Ren, S L Jiang, C S Xiao, R Wang, C Q Gao
Objective: To summarize the results and clinical application experience of one-stage operation of epicardial permanent pacemaker implantation and cardiac surgery. Methods: From November 2014 to July 2016, 15 patients (9 males and 6 females) with ages ranging from 50 to 73 (63.5±6.2) years requiring cardiac surgery with bradycardia underwent one-stage operation of epicardial permanent pacemaker implantation and cardiac surgery. All operations were performed under general anesthesia with chest median incision approach...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434707/in-hospital-complications-after-implantation-of-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-analysis-of-a-national-inpatient-database-in-japan
#17
Sandeep Shakya, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga
BACKGROUND: Complications after implantation of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), including permanent pacemakers (PMs) and other CIEDs, are associated with increased patient mortality and healthcare costs. This study aimed to investigate overall complications after implantation of CIEDs, analyze the associated risk factors, and compare complications after PM implantation between hospitals that performed only PM implantations (PM-only hospitals) and hospitals that implanted other CIEDs, as well as PMs (all-CIED hospitals)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431064/is-mortality-a-useful-parameter-for-public-reporting-in-pacemaker-implantation-results-of-an-obligatory-external-quality-control-programme
#18
Bernd Nowak, Björn Misselwitz, Oliver Przibille, Rajendra H Mehta
Aims: To evaluate if public reporting of pacemaker implantation-associated mortality is meaningful in a large contemporary patient cohort. Methods and Results: The database of the obligatory external quality control programme in the Federal State of Hessen, Germany, of patients undergoing permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation was evaluated retrospectively. We compared the baseline features of patients who died compared with those who did not during hospitalization after PPM...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418265/global-health-resource-utilization-associated-with-pacemaker-complications
#19
Catherine Waweru, Anna Steenrod, Claudia Wolff, Simon Eggington, David Jay Wright, Kathleen W Wyrwich
AIM: To estimate health resource utilization (HRU) associated with the management of pacemaker complications in various healthcare systems. METHODS: Electrophysiologists (EPs) from four geographical regions (Western Europe, Australia, Japan, and North America) were invited to participate. Survey questions focused on HRU in the management of three chronic pacemaker complications (i.e., pacemaker infections requiring extraction, lead fractures/insulation breaches requiring replacement, and upper extremity deep venous thrombosis [DVT])...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417288/troponin-t-elevation-after-permanent-pacemaker-implantation
#20
Xueying Chen, Ziqing Yu, Jin Bai, Shulan Hu, Wei Wang, Shengmei Qin, Jingfeng Wang, Zhe Sun, Yangang Su, Junbo Ge
PURPOSE: The objective of the study is to study the incidence, significance, and factors associated with cardiac troponin T (CTNT) elevation after pacemaker implantation. METHODS: Three hundred seventy-four patients (104 single-chamber pacemakers or ICD, 243 dual-chamber pacemakers, and 27 cardiac resynchronization therapy/cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator) who had normal levels of CTNT at baseline and underwent implantation of a permanent pacemaker system were included in this study...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
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