Read by QxMD icon Read

transient tachypnoea

Kim S Betts, Ricardo J Soares Magalhães, Rosa Alati
Respiratory infections among infants constitute a major burden to health care systems in developed nations, yet the course and risk factors leading to these conditions are poorly understood. We examine the longitudinal patterns of respiratory infection hospitalisation (RIH) and how these patterns are influenced by neonatal pulmonary morbidities. We included all live births (n = 429 058) occurring in the Australian state of Queensland between January 2009 and December 2015. Data were structured so that each participant had a record (present/absent) of RIH for each month from birth to 12 months...
May 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elisabeth Moreira, Mariza Theme-Filha, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the national rate of early-term live births in Brazil and to evaluate the effect of birth at 37 and 38 weeks' gestation, as compared with 39 and 40 weeks' gestation on infant outcomes according to precursors of birth and the existence of maternal/fetal medical conditions. DESIGN: National perinatal population-based cohort study. SETTING: 266 maternity services located in the five Brazilian macroregions. PARTICIPANTS: 18 652 singleton live newborns from 37 0/7 to 40 6/7 weeks of gestation...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
Daragh Finn, Julie De Meulemeester, Lisa Dann, Ita Herlihy, Vicki Livingstone, Geraldine B Boylan, C Anthony Ryan, Eugene M Dempsey
OBJECTIVE: To determine respiratory rate (RR), tidal volume (TV) and end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) values in full-term infants immediately after caesarean section, and to assess whether infants that develop transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN) follow the same physiological patterns. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: A Respironics NM3 Monitor (Philips, Netherlands) continuously measured RR, TV and EtCO2 for 7 min in infants >37 weeks' gestation following elective caesarean section (ECS)...
September 29, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Matthew Hiles, Anne-Marie Culpan, Catriona Watts, Theresa Munyombwe, Stephen Wolstenhulme
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome is a leading cause of morbidity in preterm new-born babies (<37 weeks gestation age). The current diagnostic reference standard includes clinical testing and chest radiography with associated exposure to ionising radiation. The aim of this review was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasound against the reference standard in symptomatic neonates of ≤42 weeks gestation age. METHODS: A systematic search of literature published between 1990 and 2016 identified 803 potentially relevant studies...
May 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
Ashok Buchiboyina, Bonny Jasani, Mangesh Deshmukh, Sanjay Patole
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of strategies for the management of transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN). METHODS: The Cochrane Collaboration and PRISMA guidelines were used for conducting and reporting this systematic review, respectively. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, CINAHL and EMBASE databases were searched in February 2016. Only randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing any intervention for the management of TTN in infants <7 days of age, born at 35 or more weeks with a clinical diagnosis of TTN were eligible for inclusion...
July 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Ravisha Srinivasjois, Desiree Silva
BACKGROUND: Elective caesarean section is associated with an increased risk of respiratory morbidity and admission to special care nursery even at full-term gestation. AIM: To systematically review the efficacy of antenatal steroid administration to prevent neonatal morbidity at full-term. Only randomised and quasirandomised controlled trials were selected. METHODS: Standardised methodology as described by the Cochrane neonatal review group was used for data collection and analysis...
May 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
N Kok, L Ruiter, R Lindeboom, C de Groot, E Pajkrt, B W Mol, B M Kazemier
OBJECTIVE: To determine neonatal and short term maternal outcomes according to intentional mode of delivery following a cesarean delivery (CD). STUDY DESIGN: Women pregnant after CD between January 2000 and December 2007 were categorized according to whether they had an elective repeat CD (ERCD) or a Trial of Labor (TOL). Prognostically equal ERCD and TOL groups were created using the propensity score matching technique. Conditional logistic regression was performed to assess differences in neonatal and maternal outcomes...
December 2015: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Manal Kassab, Wadah M Khriesat, Jasim Anabrees
BACKGROUND: Transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN) results from delayed clearance of lung liquid and is a common cause of admission of full-term infants to neonatal intensive care units. The condition is particularly common after elective caesarean section. Conventional treatment involves appropriate oxygen administration and continuous positive airway pressure in some cases. Most infants receive antibiotic therapy. Hastening the clearance of lung liquid may shorten the duration of the symptoms and reduce complications...
November 21, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Vida Jawin, Hak-Lee Ang, Asma Omar, Meow-Keong Thong
BACKGROUND: Studies on pulse oximetry screening for neonatal sepsis and respiratory disease in a middle-income country are lacking. Newborn screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) using pulse oximetry is an effective and life-saving strategy in developed countries. While most studies have reported false-positive results during CCHD screening, they have not elaborated on the detected disease types. We studied the effectiveness and outcomes of pulse oximetry newborn screening for non-cardiac hypoxemic diseases such as neonatal sepsis, respiratory diseases, and CCHD in a middle-income country...
2015: PloS One
Arit Parkash, Nighat Haider, Zubair Ahmed Khoso, Abdul Sattar Shaikh
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, aetiology and outcome of respiratory distress in neonates in intensive care unit. METHODS: The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, from October 2009 to March 2010. It comprised neonates aged day 0 to 28 who were admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. The neonates were screened first for respiratory distress and presence of one or more signs and symptoms...
July 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Anita Dileep, Neelofur Babar Khan, Sana Sadiq Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of dexamethasone on neonatal respiratory morbidity in babies delivered by early term elective lower segment Caesarean section. METHODS: The retrospective cohort study was conducted at a secondary level hospital in Karachi. It reviewed the medical record of pregnant women and their babies who were delivered by elective lower segment Caesarean section between January 1 and June 30, 2013, at 37-38+6 weeks of pregnancy. The women were divided into exposed group (Group A) who received prophylactic dexamethasone, and non-exposed group (Group B) who did not receive dexamethasone Neonatal respiratory morbidity was compared between the two groups...
June 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
C Kart, S Guven, E S Guvendag Guven, D Armangil, A Mentese
The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of amniotic fluid lamellar body count (LBC) on the timing of elective caesarean delivery (CS) at ≥ 39 weeks. After allocating the study group (group I, transient tachypnoea of newborn (TTN), n = 14), an age-matched control group (group II, no TTN, n = 79) was selected for amniotic fluid LBC analysis. The median amniotic fluid LBC levels in group I were significantly lower than in the control group. Furthermore, the median values of mean lamellar body volume, median lamellar body distribution width and lamellar bodycrit in group I were also significantly lower than in group II...
2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Justin H T Tan, Woei Bing Poon, Wee Bin Lian, Selina K Y Ho
INTRODUCTION: Late preterm babies are defined as those born between 34 to 36 completed weeks. There has been a recent increased awareness that this group of babies has a higher incidence of morbidity as compared to term babies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term morbidities occurring in this group of babies managed in the neonatal unit at Singapore General Hospital (SGH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was done of babies managed in the neonatal unit at SGH from January 2005 to December 2008...
July 2014: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Hisanori Minakami, Takahiko Kubo, Akihito Nakai, Shigeru Saito, Nobuya Unno
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess pregnancy outcomes of women treated with a novel neuraminidase inhibitor, laninamivir, during pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective review of pregnancy outcomes of 112 pregnant women who were given laninamivir for treatment of influenza was performed. Possible adverse events, including miscarriages, preterm birth, foetal malformation and any neonatal morbidity requiring treatment, were assessed. RESULTS: Seventeen, 39, 46 and 10 women were administered a single inhaled dose of 20 or 40 mg of laninamivir at gestational week (GW) 3-11, 12-21, 22-36 and 37 or more, respectively...
October 2014: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
G P G Fung, L M Chan, Y C Ho, W K To, H B Chan, T T Lao
BACKGROUND: Both gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and late-preterm delivery at 34-36 weeks' gestation are independently associated with neonatal respiratory complications, but it is unknown whether their combination increases further its risk. We therefore appraised the independent effect of GDM on the respiratory outcome of late-preterm infants. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, respiratory outcome of 911 infants delivered at 34-36 weeks' gestation between 1 January 2009 and 30 August 2012 from mothers with GDM (study group, n=130) was compared with infants delivered at the same gestation by mothers without GDM (control group, n=781)...
September 2014: Early Human Development
Srinivas Murki, Sai Kiran Deshbhatla, Deepak Sharma, Nageshwar Rao, Sudeep Verma
Case 1: A term male child was re-admitted on day 10 of life due to acute onset of respiratory distress. Physical examination revealed tachypnoea, tachycardia and blood pressure (BP) above the 95th centile in all four limbs. Cardiovascular examination revealed a short systolic murmur on the sternal border. Abdomen showed hepatomegaly of 3 cm below the costal margin. Chest X-ray showed a cardiothoracic ratio of 0.65 with normal vascularity. Ultrasound and Doppler of the kidneys and brain were normal. The high parasternal view showed a large ductus arteriosus aneurysm (DAA) of 2...
May 5, 2014: BMJ Case Reports
N Linder, Y Lahat, A Kogan, E Fridman, F Kouadio, N Melamed, Y Yogev, G Klinger
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of anthropometric measurements with neonatal complications in macrosomic newborns of non-diabetic mothers. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PATIENTS: All liveborn, singleton, full term newborns with birth weight ≥4000 g born to non-diabetic mothers at a tertiary medical centre in 1995-2005 (n=2766, study group) were matched to the next born, healthy, full term infant with a birth weight of 3000-4000 g (control group)...
September 2014: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
A A Zuppa, V D'Andrea, G Verrillo, R Riccardi, I Savarese, M Cavani, C Romagnoli
Spontaneous neonatal pneumomediastinum (PNM) is associated with the aspiration of blood or meconium and birth-related trauma and it seems to be more frequent in post-term newborns. It is generally asymptomatic, but it is occasionally accompanied by mild tachypnoea. Only rarely, it requires oxygen therapy or develops into pneumothorax. To evaluate the relationship between the radiological and clinical diagnosis in this uncommon problem, from January 2005 to August 2009, 35 newborns with spontaneous PNM were enrolled in the study...
February 2014: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Nkengafac V Motaze, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress (RD) can occur in both preterm and term neonates born through normal vaginal delivery or caesarean section (CS). It accounts for about 30% of neonatal deaths and can occur at any time following birth. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), transient tachypnoea (rapid breathing) of the newborn and persistent pulmonary hypertension (increased blood pressure of pulmonary vessels) of the newborn are the most frequent clinical presentations of neonatal RD. Prostaglandins are used in routine obstetric practice to ripen the uterine cervix and to trigger labour, with those of the E series being preferred over others due to the fact that they are more uteroselective...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Manal Kassab, Wadah M Khriesat, Hiba Bawadi, Jasim Anabrees
BACKGROUND: Transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN) results from delayed clearance of lung liquid and is a common cause of admission of full term infants to neonatal intensive care units. The condition is particularly common after elective caesarean section. Conventional treatment involves appropriate oxygen administration and continuous positive airway pressure in some cases. Most infants receive antibiotic therapy. Hastening the clearance of lung liquid may shorten the duration of the symptoms and reduce complications...
June 5, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"