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Velvet bean extract

Graciene de Souza Bido, Hingrid Ariane da Silva, Tiara da Silva Coelho Bortolo, Marcos Rodrigues Maldonado, Rogério Marchiosi, Wanderley Dantas Dos Santos, Osvaldo Ferrarese-Filho
Velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens) is an efficient cover forage that controls weeds, pathogens and nematodes, and the non-protein amino acid L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) is its main allelochemical. The effects of 3 g L-1 of an aqueous extract of velvet bean seeds, along with 0.5 mM L-DOPA for comparison, were evaluated in roots, stems and leaves of soybean (Glycine max). The activities of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) and cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) were determined, along with the lignin content and its monomeric composition...
April 3, 2018: Plant Signaling & Behavior
M S Amro, S L Teoh, A G Norzana, D Srijit
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multifactorial disorder of the nervous system in which there is a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons. There is a disturbance in the movement in PD and these include resting tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia or akinesia, disturbance, posture and freezing (motor block). The substantia nigra and other parts of the brain are commonly affected. The disorder could be related to oxidative stress and there is an important role of reactive oxygen species (ROS). A number of herbal products contain active components which are known to possess antioxidant action...
January 2018: La Clinica Terapeutica
Vanishri S Nayak, Nitesh Kumar, Antony S D'Souza, Sunil S Nayak, Sri P Cheruku, K Sreedhara Ranganath Pai
Stroke is considered to be one of the most important causes of death worldwide. Global ischemia causes widespread brain injury and infarctions in various regions of the brain. Oxidative stress can be considered an important factor in the development of tissue damage, which is caused because of arterial occlusion with subsequent reperfusion. Kapikacchu or Mucuna pruriens, commonly known as velvet bean, is well known for its aphrodisiac activities. It is also used in the treatment of snakebites, depressive neurosis, and Parkinson's disease...
December 13, 2017: Neuroreport
Weixi Liu, Hang Ma, Nicholas A DaSilva, Kenneth N Rose, Shelby L Johnson, Lu Zhang, Chunpeng Wan, Joel A Dain, Navindra P Seeram
Medicinal plants are promising candidates for Alzheimer's disease (AD) research but there is lack of systematic algorithms and procedures to guide their selection and evaluation. Herein, we developed a Neuroprotective Potential Algorithm (NPA) by evaluating twenty-three standardized and chemically characterized Ayurvedic medicinal plant extracts in a panel of bioassays targeting oxidative stress, carbonyl stress, protein glycation, amyloid beta (Aβ) fibrillation, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition, and neuroinflammation...
November 2016: Neurochemistry International
Dalibor M Stankovič, Anchalee Samphao, Biljana Dojcinović, Kurt Kalcher
This work presents the electrochemical behavior of levodopa (L-DOPA), at boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes, using cycling voltammetry (CV), in Britton-Robinson (BR) buffer solution, and application of the proposed electrode for the determination of L-DOPA in extracts from the seeds of velvet bean (Mucuna prurita Hook or Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.). L-DOPA provides a well-defined and single oval-shape oxidation peak at +0.8 V vs. Ag/AgCl (3 M KCl) reference electrode in BR buffer solution at pH 3.0. Experimental parameters, such as pH of supporting electrolyte and square wave voltammetry (SWV) operating parameters (frequency and modulation amplitude) were optimized...
2016: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Simone Poddighe, Francescaelena De Rose, Roberto Marotta, Roberta Ruffilli, Maura Fanti, Pietro Paolo Secci, Maria Cristina Mostallino, Maria Dolores Setzu, Maria Antonietta Zuncheddu, Ignazio Collu, Paolo Solla, Francesco Marrosu, Sanjay Kasture, Elio Acquas, Anna Liscia
The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster (Dm) mutant for PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1B9) gene is a powerful tool to investigate physiopathology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Using PINK1B9 mutant Dm we sought to explore the effects of Mucuna pruriens methanolic extract (Mpe), a L-Dopa-containing herbal remedy of PD. The effects of Mpe on PINK1B9 mutants, supplied with standard diet to larvae and adults, were assayed on 3-6 (I), 10-15 (II) and 20-25 (III) days old flies. Mpe 0.1% significantly extended lifespan of PINK1B9 and fully rescued olfactory response to 1-hexanol and improved climbing behavior of PINK1B9 of all ages; in contrast, L-Dopa (0...
2014: PloS One
Shin Yee Fung, Si Mui Sim, Kandiah, Jeyaseelan, Arunmozhiarasi Armugam, John Chinyere Aguiyi, Nget Hong Tan
Mucuna pruriens is widely used in traditional medicine for treatments of various diseases. In certain region of Nigeria, the seed is used as oral prophylactics for snakebite. Rats pretreated with the aqueous extract from M. pruriens seed (MPE) were protected against the lethal effects of Naja sputatrix (Javan spitting cobra) venom [Tan et al., J Ethnopharmacol, 123 (2009) 356]. The pretreatment also protected against venom-induced histopathological changes in rat heart. To contribute to the understanding of the mechanism of cardio-protective action, the present study examined the effects of MPE-pretreatment on gene expression profile of rat heart as well as effect of MPE-pretreatment on N...
September 2014: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
Lucia Raffaella Lampariello, Alessio Cortelazzo, Roberto Guerranti, Claudia Sticozzi, Giuseppe Valacchi
Mucuna pruriens (Fabaceae) is an established herbal drug used for the management of male infertility, nervous disorders, and also as an aphrodisiac. It has been shown that its seeds are potentially of substantial medicinal importance. The ancient Indian medical system, Ayurveda, traditionally used M. pruriens, even to treat such things as Parkinson's disease. M. pruriens has been shown to have anti-parkinson and neuroprotective effects, which may be related to its anti-oxidant activity. In addition, anti-oxidant activity of M...
October 2012: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
S Maaran, R Hoover, E Donner, Q Liu
The composition, morphology, structure and physicochemical properties of starches from lablab bean, navy bean, rice bean, tepary bean and velvet bean were examined. Starch yield (on a whole seed basis), total lipid, apparent amylose (AM) and starch damage were in the range 20.6-29.9%, 0.48-0.62%, 22.1-32.1% and 0.004-0.011%, respectively. Difference in amylopectin chain length distribution amongst the starches was marginal. The starches differed significantly with respect to granule morphology, molecular order, molecular orientation, double helical content, gelatinization parameters, swelling factor, AM leaching, thermal stability and enzyme hydrolysis...
2014: Food Chemistry
Luis Cesar Maffei Sartini Paulillo, Alexandre Magno Sebbenn, Maria Tereza Vitral de Carvalho Derbyshire, Aristóteles Góes-Neto, Marco Aurélio de Paula Brotto, Antonio Figueira
We have characterized in vitro and in vivo effects of trypsin inhibitors from Theobroma seeds on the activity of trypsin- and chymotrypsin-like proteins from Lepidopteran pest insects. The action of semipurified trypsin inhibitors from Theobroma was evaluated by the inhibition of bovine trypsin and chymotrypsin activities determined by the hydrolysis of N-Benzoyl-DL-Arginine-p-Nitroanilide (BAPA) and N-Succinyl-Ala-Ala-Pho-Phe p-Nitroanilide (S-(Ala)2ProPhe-pNA). Proteinase inhibitor activities from Theobroma cacao and T...
September 2012: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Kuber B Ramya, Santhrani Thaakur
L-Dopa is the drug of choice in the treatment of Parkinson's disease but it has dose related adverse effects such as nausea, vomiting, orthostatic hypotension, end of dose deterioration, on off phenomena and on chronic therapy motor complications synonymous to parkinsonism. Mucuna pruriens (M.P) commonly known as velvet beans or cowitch are used in case of spasms associated with Parkins onism. Clinical efficacy of seeds of this plant was confirmed and the efficacy was contributed to its L-Dopa content. M.P extract showed twice the antiparkinsonism activity compared with synthetic L-Dopa...
July 2007: Ancient Science of Life
V Vadivel, M Pugalenthi, A Doss, T Parimelazhagan
The effect of certain simple and cost-effective processing methods on the nutritional and anti-nutritional properties of seed materials of an under-utilized food legume, Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. var. utilis (Wall. ex Wight) Baker ex Burck (velvet bean, VB), collected from Valanadu, Kerala, India was analyzed in experiment 1. The raw VB seeds were found to contain appreciable levels of crude protein (263.2 g/kg dry matter (DM)); ether extract (79.6 g/kg DM); crude fiber (95.8 g/kg DM) and ash content (38.4 g/kg DM)...
January 2011: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
S S Dhawan, G K Rai, M P Darokar, R K Lal, H O Misra, S P S Khanuja
Velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens) seeds contain the catecholic amino acid L-DoPA (L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine), which is a neurotransmitter precursor and used for the treatment of Parkinson's disease and mental disorders. The great demand for L-DoPA is largely met by the pharmaceutical industry through extraction of the compound from wild populations of this plant; commercial exploitation of this compound is hampered because of its limited availability. The trichomes present on the pods can cause severe itching, blisters and dermatitis, discouraging cultivation...
2011: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Shin Yee Fung, Nget Hong Tan, Si Mui Sim, John C Aguiyi
Mucuna pruriens Linn. (velvet bean) has been used by native Nigerians as a prophylactic for snakebite. Rats pretreated with M. pruriens seed extract (MPE) have been shown to protect against the lethal and cardiovascular depressant effects of Naja sputatrix (Javan spitting cobra) venoms, and the protective effect involved immunological neutralization of the venom toxins. To investigate further the mechanism of the protective effect of MPE pretreatment against cobra venom toxicity, the actions of Naja sputatrix venom on spontaneously beating rat atria and aortic rings isolated from both MPE pretreated and untreated rats were studied...
2012: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
S Y Fung, N H Tan, S H Liew, S M Sim, J C Aguiyi
Seed of Mucuna pruriens (Velvet beans) has been prescribed by traditional medicine practitioners in Nigeria as a prophylactic oral antisnake remedy. In the present studies, we investigated the protective effects of M. pruriens seed extract (MPE) against histopathological changes induced by intravenous injection of Naja sputatrix (Malayan cobra) venom in rats pretreated with the seed extract. Examination by light microscope revealed that the venom induced histopathological changes in heart and blood vessels in liver, but no effect on brain, lung, kidney and spleen...
April 2009: Tropical Biomedicine
Ching S Lau, Danielle Julie Carrier, Luke R Howard, Jackson O Lay, Jean A Archambault, Edgar C Clausen
Energy crops offer enormous opportunities for increasing the sustain ability of agriculture and energy production in the United States. Nevertheless, opportunities for sustaining biomass energy production may well hinge on producing energy and extracting high-value products from the same crop. Seven potential energy crops (mimosa, sericea, kudzu, arunzo, switchgrass, velvet bean, and castor) were extracted and assayed for the presence of potentially high-value antioxidant compounds. Of these crops, mimosa and sericea had the highest antioxidant potential and were selected for further study...
2004: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Yoshiharu Fujii
We have studied on allelopathy of plants and developed methods to identify the effective substances in root exudates, leaf leacheate, and volatile chemicals emitted from plants. We found traditional cover plants that show allelopathic activity are useful for weed control. It could eliminate the use of synthetic chemicals for this purpose. Allelopathy is a natural power of plants to protect themselves by producing natural organic chemicals. Some endemic plants in Asia, already known by farmers in the region, as either cover crops used in intercropping, hedgerow, or agroforestry, were found to possess strong allelopathic abilities...
June 2003: Uchū Seibutsu Kagaku
J. Kuzma, R. Fall
Isoprene (2-methyl-1,3-butadiene) is a major volatile hydrocarbon produced by many plant species. Here we report that in velvet bean (Mucuna sp.), isoprene emission is strongly dependent on leaf developmental state and that changes in extractable isoprene synthase activity parallel isoprene emission rates during leaf development. Both leaf emission and enzyme activity exhibit over 100-fold increases from leaf emergence to leaf age 14 d and exhibit similar patterns to 23 d. This suggests that the enzyme, isoprene synthase, is responsible for the in vivo production of isoprene and that the level of the enzyme regulates the pattern of isoprene emission in response to leaf development...
February 1993: Plant Physiology
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